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Sex determination

Ding-Yu Yeh, Hsiao-Ching Kuo, Yi-Hsin Yang, Pei-Shan Ho
The objective of this study was to determine the responsiveness of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) (oral health impact profile [OHIP] and oral impact on daily performance [OIDP]) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (World Health Organization quality of life scale, brief [WHOQOL-BREF]) in dental caries restoration treatment. The study also aimed to assess the influence of treatment on the responsiveness of patients' quality of life (QoL). A total of 126 patients (aged 16-40 years) received dental caries restoration treatment with a 2-week follow-up and pre- and posttreatment interviews by questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
Paula D Strassle, Felicia N Williams, Sonia Napravnik, David van Duin, David J Weber, Anthony Charles, Bruce A Cairns, Samuel W Jones
Classic determinants of burn mortality are age, burn size, and the presence of inhalation injury. Our objective was to describe temporal trends in patient and burn characteristics, inpatient mortality, and the relationship between these characteristics and inpatient mortality over time. All patients aged 18 years or older and admitted with burn injury, including inhalation injury only, between 2004 and 2013 were included. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the relationship between admit year and inpatient mortality...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
L Soylu, O U Aydin, S Ozbas, B Bilezikci, S Ilgan, A Gursoy, S Kocak
OBJECTIVE: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) may often appear as multifocal disease. Few studies demonstrated a higher rate of central compartment lymph node metastasis (CCLNM) in multifocal PTC patients. Therefore, the effect of different histological subtypes of multifocal PTC on CCLNM is another subject for further examination. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the rate of central lymph node positivity in multifocal PTC as compared to unifocal disease, and to identify the role of different histologic subtypes of PTC on central neck lymph node positivity...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Zuzana Novak, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman, Keith O Yeates, Miriam H Beauchamp, Jocelyn Gravel, Stephen B Freedman, Isabelle Gagnon, Gerard Gioia, Kathy Boutis, Emma Burns, Andrée-Anne Ledoux, Martin H Osmond, Roger L Zemek
Importance: Persistent postconcussion symptoms (PPCS) pose long-term challenges and can negatively affect patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To date, no large comprehensive study has addressed the association between PPCS and HRQoL. Objectives: To determine the association between HRQoL and PPCS at 4 weeks after concussion and assess the degree of impairment of HRQoL in the subsequent 12 weeks. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a prospective, multicenter cohort study (Predicting Persistent Postconcussive Problems in Pediatrics [5P]) from August 14, 2013, to September 30, 2014, children aged 5 to 18 years who presented to the emergency department within 48 hours after head injury and were considered to have an acute concussion were enrolled across 9 pediatric emergency departments within the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada Network...
October 24, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Mieun Gwon, Young Jin Tak, Yun Jin Kim, Sang Yeoup Lee, Jeong Gyu Lee, Dong Wook Jeong, Yu Hyeon Yi, Seung Hoon Lee, Hye Rim Hwang, Youngin Lee
Hypovitaminosis D and stress are common problems among the elderly. The aim of this cross-sectional nationally representative study was to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception using large-scale nationally representative data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012-2013). In our study, a total of 1393 elders (≥65 years old) were included to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were determined using radioimmunoassay, and perceived stress status was assessed by a self-reporting questionnaire...
October 19, 2016: Nutrients
Michele Lanza, Stefania Iaccarino, Gilda Varricchi, Tito D'Errico, Ugo Antonello Gironi Carnevale, Mario Bifani
PURPOSE: To evaluate light backscattering (LB) in corneal layers in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome dry eye (SSDE) utilizing in vivo corneal confocal microscopy (IVCM) and to determine the eventual association with the lacrimal functional test values. METHODS: A complete ophthalmic evaluation, Schirmer test with and without stimulation, break-up time (BUT) and IVCM were performed on 55 patients affected by SSDE and in an age- and sex-matched cohort of healthy participants (HP)...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Alp Yıldırım, Mustafa Serkan Karakaş, Ali Yaşar Kılınç, Refik Emre Altekin, Ali Selim Yalçınkaya
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate arterial structure and function with assessment of pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Thirty patients (13 female, 17 male) with BD and 30 age, sex-matched healthy controls (12 female, 18 male) with no known cardiovascular disease were enrolled in this study. Carotid-femoral PWV and CIMT were measured. RESULTS: PWV was higher in BD patients compared with control group (6...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
M Pruessner, L Bechard-Evans, S Pira, R Joober, D L Collins, J C Pruessner, A K Malla
BACKGROUND: Altered hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function and reduced hippocampal volume (HV) are established correlates of stress vulnerability. We have previously shown an attenuated cortisol awakening response (CAR) and associations with HV specifically in male first-episode psychosis patients. Findings in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis regarding these neurobiological markers are inconsistent, and assessment of their interplay, accounting for sex differences, could explain incongruent results...
October 24, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Ina Monika Margret Heidinger, Silke Hein, Heike Feldhaar, Hans-Joachim Poethke
In the highly fragmented landscape of central Europe, dispersal is of particular importance as it determines the long-term survival of animal populations. Dispersal not only secures the re-colonization of patches where populations went extinct, it may also rescue small populations and thus prevent local extinction events. As dispersal involves different individual fitness costs, the decision to disperse should not be random but context-dependent and often will be biased towards a certain group of individuals (e...
October 24, 2016: Insect Science
L A Peterson, J K Canner, L J Cheskin, G P Prokopowicz, M A Schweitzer, T H Magnuson, K E Steele
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between adverse surgical outcomes following bariatric surgery and proxy measures of vitamin D (VitD) status (season and latitude) in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). BACKGROUND: Obesity is an independent risk factor for VitD deficiency (25(OH)D < 20 ng ml(-1)). VitD deficiency compounds the chronic inflammation of obesity, increasing the risk of adverse outcomes following bariatric surgery. Epidemiology has long used season and latitude as proxies for group VitD, as VitD status is largely determined by sun exposure, which is greatest during summer and at the Equator...
December 2015: Obesity Science & Practice
Sarah Y Nowlin, Charles M Cleland, Maya Vadiveloo, Gail D'Eramo Melkus, Niyati Parekh, Holly Hagan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine sociodemographic and health behavior factors associated with dietary intake as measured by the healthy eating index (HEI-2010) for persons with and without diabetes (T2D). DESIGN: A secondary data analysis of three NHANES data cycles spanning 2007-2012. Multiple linear regression assessed racial/ethnic differences in HEI-2010 scores in those without T2D, with T2D, and with undiagnosed T2D. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included non-pregnant adults aged ≥20 years who had two days of reliable dietary recall data...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Yusuf Üstün, Serta Kilincalp, Şahin Çoban, Yusuf Coşkun, İlhami Yüksel, Aydan Ongun, İrfan Soykan, Mehmet Bektaş, Murat Törüner, Hülya Çetinkaya, Necati Örmeci
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between early atherosclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) using laboratory, functional, and morphological markers of atherosclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the present prospective single-center study, 96 patients with IBD (58 patients with ulcerative colitis and 36 patients with Crohn's disease) and 65 healthy control subjects were included. The demographic data of each patient and control subject were recorded. The patients with IBD and healthy controls were compared in terms of the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), the values of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-mediated dilatation (NMD), and the levels of von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF-Ag), D-dimer, and lipoprotein (a)...
October 24, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Amit D Kadhare, Subhash L Bodhankar, V Mohan, Prasad A Thakurdesai
Vicenin-1 (fenugreek glycoside) has been proven to possess potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activity. The objective of the present investigation was to determine in-vivo acute and subacute (28-days repeated dose) oral toxicity of Vicenin-1 isolated from fenugreek seed. Vicenin-1 (93%) was isolated from a hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seed and characterized using HPLC, TLC, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR. Acute oral toxicity (AOT) and subacute toxicity studies of Vicenin-1 were carried out according to OECD 425 (up-and-down procedure) and OCED 407 guidelines in Swiss albino mice...
October 20, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Colleen K McIlvennan, JoAnn Lindenfeld, David P Kao
BACKGROUND: Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) is a widely available management strategy. No studies have described sex differences in both extracorporeal and durable MCS. We analyzed sex-related differences of in-hospital outcomes for extracorporeal and durable MCS using administrative hospital data. METHODS: In total, 134.5 million hospital records between 1994 and 2012 were screened for placement of MCS using procedure codes of the International Classification of Diseases-9, Clinical Modification...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Wenxian Li, Youzhen Feng, Weibiao Lu, Xie Xie, Zhilin Xiong, Zhen Jing, Xiangran Cai, Li'an Huang
PURPOSE: To determine the morphological changes of intracranial arteries and whole-brain perfusion in undetermined isolated vertigo (UIV) patients using 320-detector row computed tomography (CT). METHODS: A total of 150 patients who underwent CT angiography (CTA) and CT perfusion (CTP) imaging were divided into UIV group and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) group. Sixty individuals with sex- and age-matched without vertigo and cerebral diseases served as the control...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Laura A Cooley, Brooke Hoots, Cyprian Wejnert, Rashunda Lewis, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
Recent policy changes have improved the ability of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) to secure health insurance. We wanted to assess changes over time in self-reported health insurance status among MSM participating in CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) in 2008, 2011, and 2014. We analyzed NHBS data from sexually active MSM interviewed at venues in 20 U.S. cities. To determine if interview year was associated with health insurance status, we used a Poisson model with robust standard errors...
October 22, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Jun Tabata, Ryoko T Ichiki
The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis, the distribution of which was formerly limited to Nearctic and Neotropical regions, recently invaded many countries in various regions including Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. More recently, P. solenopsis was newly recorded in Japan and is currently an emerging pest of agricultural crops. In this study, we determined the structure of a sex pheromone of P. solenopsis in order to develop an effective lure for monitoring this pest. From volatiles emitted by virgin adult females, we isolated a compound attractive to males...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Mahmoud Zaqout, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Claudia Börnhorst, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Gabriele Eiben, Alfonso Siani, Stalo Papoutsou, Toomas Veidebaum, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: Exposure to breastfeeding improves the survival, health, and development of children; therefore, breast milk is recommended as the exclusive nutrient source for feeding term infants during the first 6 months. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the possible association between exposure to exclusive breastfeeding and physical fitness performance in children and, if so, whether this association is influenced by the breastfeeding duration. METHODS: A total of 2853 (52...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Anna Juras, Maciej Chyleński, Marta Krenz-Niedbała, Helena Malmström, Edvard Ehler, Łukasz Pospieszny, Sylwia Łukasik, Józef Bednarczyk, Janusz Piontek, Mattias Jakobsson, Miroslawa Dabert
We applied an interdisciplinary approach to investigate kinship patterns and funerary practices during the middle Neolithic. Genetic studies, radiocarbon dating, and taphonomic analyses were used to examine two grave clusters from Krusza Zamkowa, Poland. To reconstruct kinship and determine biological sex, we extracted DNA from bones and teeth, analyzed mitochondrial genomes and nuclear SNPs using the HID-Ion AmpliSeq™ Identity panel generated on Illumina and Ion Torrent platforms, respectively. We further dated the material (AMS (14)C) and to exclude aquatic radiocarbon reservoir effects, measures of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes for diet reconstruction were used...
October 14, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
José María Enriquez-Navascués, Garazi Elorza, Carlos Placer, Ander Timoteo, Leyre Velaz, Nerea Borda, Yolanda Saralegui
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with a prolonged postoperative stay (PS) in patients operated on with bowel resection for Crohn's disease (CD) included in an enhanced recovery program (ERP). METHODS: We included patients operated on for CD between January 2013 and December 2015. ERP was organized following an 8-point protocol. Variables studied were: age, sex, PS, ASA, location and type of CD, presence of perianal disease, Harvey-Bradshaw index, previous resection, type of surgery (minimally invasive vs...
October 19, 2016: Cirugía Española
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