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Matteo Bonomo, Danilo Dini, Andrea Giacomo Marrani
The adsorption of I(-) and I3(-) anions, i.e. the two species constituting the most common redox couple of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs), onto the surface of screen-printed nanoporous NiO was studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Mesoporous NiO films were deposited on transparent metallic fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) and polarized as working electrodes in a three-electrode cell with differently concentrated I(-)/I3(-) electrolytes to simulate the different conditions experienced by the NiO cathodes during the lifecycle of a p-type DSC (p-DSC) at those atomic sites not passivated by the dye...
October 21, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Benedetta Gui, Francesco Maria Danza, Anna Lia Valentini, Maria Elena Laino, Alessandro Caruso, Brigida Carducci, Elena Rodolfino, Ersilia Devicienti, Lorenzo Bonomo
Cesarean section (CS) may have several acute complications that can occur in the early postoperative period. The most common acute complications are hematomas and hemorrhage, infection, ovarian vein thrombosis, uterine dehiscence and rupture. Pelvic hematomas usually occur at specific sites and include bladder flap hematoma (between the lower uterine segment and the bladder) and subfascial or rectus sheath hematoma (rectus sheath or prevescical space). Puerperal hemorrhage can be associated with uterine dehiscence or rupture...
October 19, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Margherita Zani, Cinzia Talamonti, Marta Bucciolini, Marco Marinelli, Gianluca Verona-Rinati, Pierluigi Bonomo, Fabiola Paiar, Stefania Pallotta
PURPOSE: Aim of this work is the assessment of build-up and superficial doses of different clinical Head&Neck plans delivered with Helical TomoTherapy (HT) (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA). Depth dose profiles and superficial dose points were measured in order to evaluate the Treatment Planning System (TPS) capability of an accurate dose modeling in regions of disequilibrium. Geometries and scattering conditions were investigated, similar to the ones generally encountered in clinical treatments...
October 15, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Chiara Rafanelli, Matteo Bonomo, Sara Gostoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Robert A Bonomo
β-Lactamases, the enzymes that hydrolyze β-lactam antibiotics, remain the greatest threat to the usage of these agents. In this review, the mechanism of hydrolysis is discussed for both those enzymes that use serine at the active site and those that require divalent zinc ions for hydrolysis. The β-lactamases now include >2000 unique, naturally occurring amino acid sequences. Some of the clinically most important of these are the class A penicillinases, the extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), the AmpC cephalosporinases, and the carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzymes in both the serine and metalloenzyme groups...
October 14, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Perica Davitkov, Apoorva Krishna Chandar, Amy Hirsch, Anita Compan, Marina G Silveira, Donald D Anthony, Suzanne Smith, Clare Gideon, Robert A Bonomo, Yngve Falck-Ytter
BACKGROUND: Clinicians often face dilemmas with decisions related to formulary choices when two similar drugs are simultaneously available in the market. We studied the comparative safety, effectiveness, and treatment costs of the two first generation direct-acting antiviral agents (DAA), boceprevir and telaprevir as uncertainty existed regarding the drug of choice between these two seemingly equally Hepatitis-C treatment options. METHODS: We randomly assigned 50 patients in an open-label, pragmatic randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a VA Medical Center to either boceprevir or telaprevir in combination with peginterferon and ribavirin, stratified by the presence of cirrhosis and prior treatment experience...
2016: PloS One
Salvatore Novo, Rosanna Iacona, Vito Bonomo, Angela Sansone, Mariaconcetta Di Piazza, Carlo Pavone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Belén Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Elena Salamanca, Marina de Cueto, Po-Ren Hsueh, Pierluigi Viale, José Ramón Paño-Pardo, Mario Venditti, Mario Tumbarello, George Daikos, Vicente Pintado, Yohei Doi, Felipe Francisco Tuon, Ilias Karaiskos, Isabel Machuca, Mitchell J Schwaber, Özlem Kurt Azap, Maria Souli, Emmanuel Roilides, Spyros Pournaras, Murat Akova, Federico Pérez, Joaquín Bermejo, Antonio Oliver, Manel Almela, Warren Lowman, Benito Almirante, Robert A Bonomo, Yehuda Carmeli, David L Paterson, Alvaro Pascual, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
OBJECTIVE: To develop a score to predict mortality in patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multinational retrospective cohort study (INCREMENT project) was performed from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2013. Patients with clinically relevant monomicrobial BSIs due to CPE were included and randomly assigned to either a derivation cohort (DC) or a validation cohort (VC)...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Graham E Jackson, Fatin M Elmagbari, Ahmed N Hammouda, Raffaele P Bonomo
Copper complexes have anti-inflammatory activity in the treatment of inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The preferred route of administration is through the skin, so the rate of dermal absorption and bioavailability of copper is important. Based on previous studies, 3-amino-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-propanamide, [H(56)NH2], was designed as a potential chelator of copper. The stability constant measurements revealed that MLH-1 is the most stable species at the physiological pH of 7.4. The X-ray crystal structure of this species was solved and copper was found in a rectangular pyramidal geometry...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Suelen Martins Perobelli, Ana Carolina Terra Mercadante, Rômulo Gonçalves Galvani, Triciana Gonçalves-Silva, Ana Paula Gregório Alves, Antonio Pereira-Neves, Marlene Benchimol, Alberto Nóbrega, Adriana Bonomo
Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is the main complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and many efforts have been made to overcome this important limitation. We showed previously that G-CSF treatment generates low-density splenic granulocytes that inhibit experimental aGVHD. In this article, we show that aGVHD protection relies on incoming IL-10(+) neutrophils from G-CSF-treated donor spleen (G-Neutrophils). These G-Neutrophils have high phagocytic capacity, high peroxide production, low myeloperoxidase activity, and low cytoplasmic granule content, which accounts for their low density...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Gabriel Ramos Ferreira Gonçalves, Olga Reinert Ramos Gandolfi, Carilan Moreira Souza Santos, Renata Cristina Ferreira Bonomo, Cristiane Martins Veloso, Rafael da Costa Ilhéu Fontan
Affinity techniques are frequently used to purify biocompounds, because of specific interactions observed in many cases. One example are the lectins, proteins connected in a reversible manner and specific to carbohydrates or sugar-containing molecules. Four different methods were investigated (epoxy, Schiff base, glutaraldehyde and ethylenediamine) to immobilize the carbohydrate N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (d-GlcNAc) on the surface of supermacroporous cryogels made for lectin purification. The glutaraldehyde method presented the highest immobilization capacity of d-GlcNAc (147...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Brad Spellberg, Robert A Bonomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Mariano M González, Magda Kosmopoulou, Maria F Mojica, Valerie Castillo, Philip Hinchliffe, Ilaria Pettinati, Jürgen Brem, Christopher J Schofield, Graciela Mahler, Robert A Bonomo, Leticia I Llarrull, James Spencer, Alejandro J Vila
Pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria resistant to almost all β-lactam antibiotics are a major public health threat. Zn(II)-dependent or metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) produced by these bacteria inactivate most β-lactam antibiotics, including the carbapenems, which are "last line therapies" for life-threatening Gram-negative infections. NDM-1 is a carbapenemase belonging to the MBL family that is rapidly spreading worldwide. Regrettably, inhibitors of MBLs are not yet developed. Here we present the bisthiazolidine (BTZ) scaffold as a structure with some features of β-lactam substrates, which can be modified with metal-binding groups to target the MBL active site...
November 13, 2015: ACS Infectious Diseases
Pierluigi Rinaldi, Chiara Buccheri, Michela Giuliani, Enida Bufi, Maurizio Romani, Federica Patrolecco, Paolo Belli, Lorenzo Bonomo
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate sensitivity of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for mammographic microcalcifications-only ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), based on its histopathology and mammographic extent of microcalcifications. METHODS: Mammograms were reviewed to measure the extent of microcalcifications. Sensitivity of MRI was calculated in the overall study population and in groups differing for DCIS nuclear grade, microinvasivity, and microcalcifications' extent...
August 6, 2016: Clinical Imaging
Gianandrea Guidetti, Alessandro Di Cerbo, Angela Giovazzino, Valentina Rubino, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Sara Centenaro, Elena Fraccaroli, Laura Cortese, Maria Grazia Bonomo, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Sergio Canello, Giuseppe Terrazzano
Several extrinsic factors, like drugs and chemicals, can foster autoimmunity. Tetracyclines, in particular oxytetracycline (OTC), appear to correlate with the emergence of immune-mediated diseases. Accumulation of OTC, the elective drug for gastrointestinal and respiratory infectious disease treatment in broiler chickens, was reported in chicken edible tissues and could represent a potential risk for pets and humans that could assume this antibiotic as residue in meat or in meat-derived byproducts. We investigated the in vitro anti-inflammatory properties of a pool of thirteen botanicals as a part of a nutraceutical diet, with proven immunomodulatory activity...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Maria F Mojica, Christopher P Ouellette, Amy Leber, M Brian Becknell, Monica I Ardura, Federico Perez, Masako Shimamura, Robert A Bonomo, Samuel L Aitken, Samuel A Shelburne
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) opportunistic pathogen for which new antibiotic options are urgently needed. We report our clinical experience treating a 19-year-old renal transplant recipient who developed prolonged bacteremia due to metallo-β-lactamase-producing S. maltophilia refractory to conventional treatment. The infection recurred despite a prolonged course of colistimethate sodium (colistin) but resolved with the use of a novel drug combination with clinical efficacy against the patient's S...
September 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Federico Bertuzzi, Mario Marazzi, Luciano De Carlis, Antonio G Rampoldi, Matteo Bonomo, Barbara Antonioli, Marta C Tosca, Marta Galuzzi, Andrea De Gasperi, Giacomo Colussi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2016: Transplantation
Meijian Guan, Jun Ma, Jacob M Keaton, Latchezar Dimitrov, Poorva Mudgal, Mary Stromberg, Jason A Bonomo, Pamela J Hicks, Barry I Freedman, Donald W Bowden, Maggie C Y Ng
African Americans (AAs) are at higher risk for developing end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) compared to European Americans. Genome-wide association studies have identified variants associated with diabetic and non-diabetic kidney diseases. Nephropathy loci, including SLC7A9, UMOD, and SHROOM3, have been implicated in the maintenance of normal glomerular and renal tubular structure and function. Herein, 47 genes important in podocyte, glomerular basement membrane, mesangial cell, mesangial matrix, renal tubular cell, and renal interstitium structure were examined for association with type 2 diabetes (T2D)-attributed ESKD in AAs...
November 2016: Human Genetics
J P Mills, M B Wilck, B C Weikert, P M Porrett, D Timko, K Alby, R A Bonomo, E A Blumberg
Donor-derived infections with multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria are associated with poor outcomes, in part because of limited treatment options. Here, we describe a case of donor-derived, disseminated infection with colistin-resistant, carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a liver transplant recipient that was cured with addition of intravenous fosfomycin to a multidrug regimen, in conjunction with aggressive surgical source control. Intravenous fosfomycin represents a promising adjunctive agent for use in treatment of extensively drug-resistant infections in immunocompromised hosts...
October 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Richard R Watkins, Tara C Smith, Robert A Bonomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
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