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Obstruction bowel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232658/a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-the-use-of-suction-drains-following-rectal-surgery
#1
Francesco Guerra, Giuseppe Giuliani, Diego Coletta, Marcello Boni, Fabio Rondelli, Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most feared complications of rectal resections. The role of drains in limiting this occurrence or facilitating its early recognition is still poorly defined. We aimed to study whether the presence of prophylactic pelvic drains affects the surgical outcomes of patients undergoing rectal surgery with extraperitoneal anastomosis. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials comparing drained with undrained anastomoses following rectal surgery...
December 12, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230969/laparoscopic-colectomy-after-self-expanding-metallic-stent-placement-through-the-ileocecal-valve-for-right-sided-malignant-colonic-obstruction-a-case-report
#2
Hiroshi Takeyama, Katsuki Danno, Yuya Kogita, Takahiko Nishigaki, Masafumi Yamashita, Masami Yamazaki, Tsuyoshi Yamakita, Akihiro Nishihara, Minako Hoshi, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Masayo Mizutani, Itsuko Nakamichi, Mamoru Yura, Kimimasa Ikeda, Eiji Kurokawa
A 78-year-old man with a history of open sigmoidectomy for sigmoid cancer presented with abdominal pain and vomiting. Abdominal multi-detector CT revealed an obstructive ileocecal tumor with distended small bowel on the oral side. We performed emergency drainage using a transnasal decompression tube, and 2 days later, we conducted a colonoscopic examination, which lead to a provisional diagnosis of obstruction with a malignant tumor invading the ileocecal valve. We then placed a self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) through the ileocecal valve...
December 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230940/the-effects-of-recreational-ketamine-cystitis-on-urinary-tract-reconstruction-a-surgical-challenge
#3
Néha Sihra, Jeremy Ockrim, Dan Wood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of post-operative complications in patients who require surgical reconstruction for ketamine-induced urinary tract dysfunction and to identify any predictors for poor post-operative outcome with subsequent management strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of data collected between 2007 and 2017 was performed. Evaluation included CT urogram, cystoscopy and biopsy. Indications and outcomes for surgical intervention were assessed...
December 12, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230419/proteobacteria-a-common-factor-in-human-diseases
#4
REVIEW
G Rizzatti, L R Lopetuso, G Gibiino, C Binda, A Gasbarrini
Microbiota represents the entire microbial community present in the gut host. It serves several functions establishing a mutualistic relation with the host. Latest years have seen a burst in the number of studies focusing on this topic, in particular on intestinal diseases. In this scenario, Proteobacteria are one of the most abundant phyla, comprising several known human pathogens. This review highlights the latest findings on the role of Proteobacteria not only in intestinal but also in extraintestinal diseases...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230300/preoperative-hypoalbuminemia-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-intra-abdominal-septic-complications-after-primary-anastomosis-for-crohn-s-disease
#5
Xuanhui Liu, Xianrui Wu, Chi Zhou, Tuo Hu, Jia Ke, Yufeng Chen, Xiaosheng He, Xiaobin Zheng, Xiaowen He, Jiancong Hu, Min Zhi, Xiang Gao, Pinjin Hu, Xiaojian Wu, Ping Lan
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative hypoalbuminemia on the development of intra-abdominal septic complications (IASCs) after primary anastomosis for patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: All CD patients undergoing bowel resection with a primary anastomosis during the study period from 2007 to 2015 were enrolled. The association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia (<30 g/L) with the risk for IASCs were assessed using both univariate and multivariate analyses...
November 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230278/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-right-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-post-partum-lady
#6
Krish Kulendran, Cian Keogh, Heng-Chin Chiam
Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries (TDI) are often challenging to diagnose. Research suggests that no single diagnostic study is sensitive or specific enough to identify such an injury, unless there is established herniation of intrabdominal contents. It is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction, which carries a substantial mortality rate. This report describes a case of a 41-year-old pregnant female who presented with irretractable vomiting and abdominal pain secondary to a delayed presentation of right-sided TDI...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229157/long-term-outcomes-of-sigmoid-diverticulitis-a-single-center-experience
#7
Ido Mizrahi, Abbas Al-Kurd, Katya Chapchay, Yael Ag-Rejuan, Natalia Simanovsky, Ahmed Eid, Haggi Mazeh
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, guidelines for the treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis have dramatically changed. The aim of this study is to report the long-term outcomes of patients treated for diverticulitis at a nonspecialized single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval, medical records of all patients admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of sigmoid diverticulitis between 1998 and 2008 were reviewed...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226885/peritoneal-pocket-hernia-a-distinct-cause-of-early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-and-strangulation-a-report-of-two-cases-following-robotic-herniorrhaphy
#8
Sumana Narayanan, Tomer Davidov
Laparoscopic and robotic hernia surgery offers advantages over open herniorrhaphy including faster recover and lower wound infection but is associated with rare but serious complications such as visceral injury and intestinal obstruction. We describe two cases of small bowel obstruction with strangulation that occurred shortly after routine robotic hernia surgery. We define this rare type of strangulating internal hernia as a peritoneal pocket hernia and call attention to its diagnosis and management.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226038/pencil-beam-scanning-proton-therapy-for-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-biliary-tract
#9
Luke Pater, Brian Turpin, Anthony Mascia
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of childhood with 250-350 cases diagnosed annually in the United States. Biliary tract rhabdomyosarcoma is rare, representing <1% of the RMS cases. Due to its location, resection is clinically challenging, and functional complications exist and persist from biliary obstruction. The anatomical location of this tumor presents both opportunities and challenges for pencil beam scanning proton therapy. Proton therapy offers a dosimetric and clinical advantage by sparing the healthy liver, stomach, contra-lateral kidney and bowel...
October 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225684/colon-cancer-presenting-as-pseudo-obstruction-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#10
Reeva Makhijani, Vicky H Bhagat, Mariam Fayek
The incidence of colorectal cancer in pregnancy is between 0.002 and 0.008%. Diagnosis is often delayed as symptoms of colorectal cancer can mimic as common complaints of pregnancy. We present the case of a 29-year-old with a history of chronic constipation who presented in the second trimester with abdominal pain, inability to tolerate anything orally and no bowel movement in more than three weeks. Non-contrast MRI at presentation failed to show an obstructing mass. Patient was treated conservatively for presumed pseudo-obstruction secondary to worsening constipation from chronic ondansetron use and pregnancy...
December 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225197/percutaneous-transgastrostomic-interventional-radiology-operated-endoscopy-facilitates-foreign-body-removal-using-rigid-endobronchial-forceps
#11
Mamdouh Khayat, Jawad S Hussain, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Anthony N Hage, Ravi N Srinivasa
Retained foreign bodies within the stomach and proximal small bowel may be problematic in patients with prior cerebrovascular injury or head, neck and esophageal malignancy, given the increased vulnerability of this patient population to complications from aspiration and increased difficulty of esophagogastroduodenoscopy in cases of tumoral obstruction. This article presents an alternative method for foreign body retrieval through an existing gastrostomy tract, which offers the benefits of fast procedure times, reduction in radiation dose and fluoroscopy time, and allows for safer retrieval of foreign bodies by using direct visualization...
December 8, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224457/treatment-of-vincristine-induced-ileus-with-metoclopramide-a-case-report
#12
Hamidreza T Masoumi, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Morvarid Zarif-Yeganeh, Behrouz Khajeh, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Introduction Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is an invasive malignancy which ought to be treated with several cytotoxic medications. Vincristine-based regimen is among the most commonly used regimens for the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Peripheral neuropathy caused by vincristine provides a limitation in dose administration and can influence the treatment outcome and patient's quality of life. Case presentation Ileus and constipation occurred as a result of autonomic neuropathy in a 58-year-old man who underwent vincristine-based regimen for acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220303/locally-aggressive-connective-tissue-tumors
#13
Mrinal M Gounder, David M Thomas, William D Tap
In this review, we highlight the complexities of the natural history, biology, and clinical management of three intermediate connective tissue tumors: desmoid tumor (DT) or aggressive fibromatosis, tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) or diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis (dtPVNS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). Intermediate histologies include tumors of both soft tissue and bone origin and are locally aggressive and rarely metastatic. Some common aspects to these tumors are that they can be locally infiltrative and/or impinge on critical organs, which leads to disfigurement, pain, loss of function and mobility, neurovascular compromise, and occasionally life-threatening consequences, such as mesenteric, bowel, ureteral, and/or bladder obstruction...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218668/early-laparoscopic-adhesiolysis-for-small-bowel-obstruction-retrospective-study-of-main-advantages
#14
Claudia Hannele Mazzetti, Francesco Serinaldi, Eric Lebrun, Jean Lemaitre
BACKGROUND: The problem of managing adhesional small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is still unsolved. A conservative medical attitude is privileged even if it is associated to a high rate of recurrences, while surgery is applied to cases showing no improvement after 48-72 h. Adhesiolysis via laparotomy has been the standard surgical management, but it causes other adhesions in a vicious circle. The aim of the study is to evaluate the advantages of early laparoscopic adhesiolysis as an alternative approach...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217941/intestinal-obstruction-in-early-neonatal-period-a-3-year-review-of-admitted-cases-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#15
Mustefa Mohammed, Tadesse Amezene, Moges Tamirat
Background: Failure to pass meconium by a full-term neonate within the first 24 hours should raise a suspicion of bowel obstruction. The objective of this study was to determine pattern of presentation, diagnosis and outcome of management of intestinal obstruction in the early neonatal period in the Neonatal Care Unit of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Retrospective chart review of admitted cases from January 2011 to December 2013 was done...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217372/acute-peritoneal-dialysis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-an-8-year-experience-of-a-referral-hospital
#16
Aslihan Kara, Metin Kaya Gurgoze, Mustafa Aydin, Erdal Taskin, Unal Bakal, Aysen Orman
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to evaluate the indications, complications and outcomes of acute peritoneal dialysis (APD) in neonates at a referral university hospital during the previous 8 years. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included a total of 52 newborn infants who underwent APD in a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2008 and March 2016. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and microbiological data were extracted from patients' medical files...
November 16, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215479/major-abdominal-and-perianal-surgery-in-crohn-s-disease-long-term-follow-up-of-australian-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#17
James W T Toh, Nelson Wang, Christopher J Young, Matthew J F X Rickard, Anil Keshava, Peter Stewart, Viraj Kariyawasam, Rupert Leong
BACKGROUND: Most patients with Crohn's disease still require surgery despite significant advances in medical therapy, surveillance, and management strategies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess surgical strategies and outcomes in Crohn's disease, including surgical recurrence and emergency surgery. DESIGN: This was a multicenter, retrospective review of a prospectively collected database. SETTINGS: A specialist-referred cohort of patients with Crohn's disease between 1970 and 2009 was studied...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205731/paracaecal-hernia-uncommon-but-important-cause-of-small-bowel-obstruction-successfully-managed-with-laparoscopic-surgery
#18
Daryl K A Chia, Kon V Tay, Alfred Kow, Jimmy So, Asim Shabbir, Guowei Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204724/reversal-of-hartmann-s-procedure-still-a-complicated-operation
#19
REVIEW
N Horesh, Y Rudnicki, Y Dreznik, A P Zbar, M Gutman, O Zmora, D Rosin
Hartmann's procedure, colonic resection with an end colostomy and rectal closure, is used in a variety of surgical emergencies. It is a common surgical procedure that is often practiced in patients with colonic obstruction and colonic perforation, resolving the acute clinical situation in the majority of cases. Reversal of Hartmann's procedure with restoration of bowel continuity occurs in a significantly low percentage of patients. There are several reasons contributing to the fact that many patients remain with a permanent colostomy following Hartmann's procedure...
December 4, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204676/surgical-management-in-acute-diverticulitis-and-its-association-with-multi-detector-ct-modified-hinchey-classification-and-clinical-parameters
#20
David D B Bates, Marina Bernal Fernandez, Cecilia Ponchiardi, Michael von Plato, Joshua P Teich, Chaitan Narsule, Stephan W Anderson, Avneesh Gupta, Christina A LeBedis
PURPOSE: To assess whether CT findings, clinical parameters, and modified Hinchey classification are predictive of management outcomes of patients with acute diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were accrued between January 2014 and December 2015. A total of 301 adult subjects were identified from radiology reports, of which six who did not met the inclusion criteria were excluded, thus yielding 295 subjects. Subjects were 43.1% (n = 127) male and 56.9% female (n = 168), with mean age 51...
December 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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