Read by QxMD icon Read


Peng Wang, San-Pin Wu, Kelsey E Brooks, Andrew M Kelleher, Jessica Milano-Foster, Francesco J DeMayo, Thomas E Spencer
Forkhead box A2 (FOXA2) is a pioneer transcription factor involved in organ development, function and cancer. In the uterus, FOXA2 is essential for pregnancy and expressed specifically in the glands of the endometrium loss of FOXA2 function occurs during development of endometrial cancer in humans. The present study describes the development of a mouse model for conditional expression of mouse FOXA2. Using a system consisting of a minigene located at the Rosa26 locus, a CAG-S-mFOXA2 allele was generated in embryonic stem cells and subsequently in mice; before activation, the minigene is silent due to a floxed stop cassette inserted between the promoter and the transgene...
March 13, 2018: Endocrinology
Lanlin Yang, Sufen Cai, Shuoping Zhang, Xiangyi Kong, Yifan Gu, Changfu Lu, Jing Dai, Fei Gong, Guangxiu Lu, Ge Lin
STUDY QUESTION: Does single cleavage-stage (Day 3) embryo transfer using a time-lapse (TL) hierarchical classification model achieve comparable ongoing pregnancy rates (OPR) to single blastocyst (Day 5) transfer by conventional morphological (CM) selection? SUMMARY ANSWER: Day 3 single embryo transfer (SET) with a hierarchical classification model had a significantly lower OPR compared with Day 5 SET with CM selection. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cleavage-stage SET is an alternative to blastocyst SET...
March 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
Sheng Zhou, Guanghu Wang, Liang Qiao, Qiting Ge, Dongyang Chen, Zhihong Xu, Dongquan Shi, Jin Dai, Jinzhong Qin, Huajian Teng, Qing Jiang
The ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model has been widely accepted to be suitable for the study of postmenopausal osteoporosis. However, whether C57BL/6J mice, a commonly used genetic background mouse strain, is an appropriate model for postmenopausal osteoporosis remains controversial. The present study investigated the effect of the OVX model on alterations in bone density and microarchitecture in C57BL/6J female mice of different ages. C57BL/6J mice were divided into 8-, 12- and 16-week-old groups (OVX8 , OVX12 and OVX16 ) from the beginning of OVX...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Nan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Linyin Feng, Lei Yao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cananga odorata essential oil, known as ylang-ylang essential oil (YYO), was commonly used in the aromatherapy for relaxation and mood adjusting use. In our previous study, YYO played anxiolytic effects on the mice in several behavioral tests that based on the instinctive responses to novel environments. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of YYO reversing the anxiety induced by 5-HT2C receptor agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine (m-CPP)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yukari Yoshida, Yukihiko Sejimo, Masashi Kurachi, Yasuki Ishizaki, Takashi Nakano, Akihisa Takahashi
X-ray irradiation (X-irradiation) induces disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). However, the mechanisms underlying the permeability changes are unclear. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the cellular and molecular changes produced by X-irradiation of the brain. Male ICR mice were irradiated locally on their head, posterior to the bregma, except for the eyes, with a single dose of 60 Gy. BBB permeability was assessed using Evans blue dye. We also examined vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, microglial morphology, and the expression of the tight junction protein claudin-5 from 0...
March 12, 2018: Neurochemistry International
Mehri Rejali, Salman Daneshi, Maryam Hadipour, Hossein Tavazohi, Hossein Molavi Vardanjani
Background: Case finding was improved to the population-based method at the Isfahan Cancer Registry (ICR) during 2005-2008. However, its effects on the number of registered colorectal cancer (CRC) cases and patients' age are not investigated. Therefore, present study designed to investigate the effect of that improvement on the trend of incidence of CRC, and age of CRC cases in ICR's catchment area. Methods: Data from the ICR were retrieved by years for 2000-2011...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Xue-Yang Jiang, Ting-Kai Chen, Jun-Ting Zhou, Si-Yu He, Hong-Yu Yang, Yao Chen, Wei Qu, Feng Feng, Hao-Peng Sun
Designing multitarget-directed ligands (MTDLs) is considered to be a promising approach to address complex and multifactorial maladies such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The concurrent inhibition of the two crucial AD targets, glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) and human acetylcholinesterase ( h AChE), might represent a breakthrough in the quest for clinical efficacy. Thus, a novel family of GSK-3β/AChE dual-target inhibitors was designed and synthesized. Among these hybrids, 2f showed the most promising profile as a nanomolar inhibitor on both h AChE (IC50 = 6...
March 8, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Li-Chan Yang, Jiunn-Wang Liao, Chi-Luan Wen, Wen-Chuan Lin
Dendrobium Taiseed Tosnobile is a new species of herba dendrobii (Shi-Hu) that was developed by crossbreeding D. tosaense and D. nobile . Its pharmacological activity and active component have been reported, but its subchronic toxicity and genetic safety have not yet been investigated. This study assessed the 90-day oral toxicity and genetic safety of the aqueous extracts of D. Taiseed Tosnobile (DTTE) in male and female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Eighty rats were divided into four groups, each consisting of ten male and ten female rats...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Edward W Pietryk, Kiristin Clement, Marwa Elnagheeb, Ryan Kuster, Kayla Kilpatrick, Michael I Love, Folami Y Ideraabdullah
In utero exposure to vinclozolin (VIN), an antiandrogenic fungicide, is linked to multigenerational phenotypic and epigenetic effects. Mechanisms remain unclear. We assessed the role of antiandrogenic activity and DNA sequence context by comparing effects of VIN vs. M2 (metabolite with greater antiandrogenic activity) and wild-type C57BL/6 (B6) mice vs. mice carrying mutations at the previously reported VIN-responsive H19/Igf2 locus. First generation offspring from VIN-treated 8nrCG mutant dams exhibited increased body weight and decreased sperm ICR methylation...
March 10, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Y S Tan, K Sansanaphongpricha, M E P Prince, D Sun, G T Wolf, Y L Lei
The recent Food and Drug Administration's approval of monoclonal antibodies targeting immune checkpoint receptors (ICRs) for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) offers exciting promise to improve patient outcome and reduce morbidities. A favorable response to ICR blockade relies on an extensive collection of preexisting tumor-specific T cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). ICR blockade reinvigorates exhausted CD8+ T cells and enhances immune killing. However, resistance to ICR blockade is observed in about 85% of patients with HNSCC, therefore highlighting the importance of characterizing the mechanisms underlying HNSCC immune escape and exploring combinatorial strategies to sensitize hypoimmunogenic cold HNSCC to ICR inhibition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Jennifer M SanMiguel, Lara K Abramowitz, Marisa S Bartolomei
Imprinted genes are expressed from one parental allele and regulated by differential DNA methylation at imprinting control regions (ICR). ICRs are reprogrammed in the germline through erasure and reestablishment of DNA methylation. Although much is known about DNA methylation establishment, DNA demethylation is less well understood. Recently, the Ten-Eleven Translocation proteins (TET1-3) have been shown to initiate DNA demethylation, with Tet1 -/- mice exhibiting aberrant levels of imprinted gene expression and ICR methylation...
March 12, 2018: Development
Douglas Z Liou, Leah M Backhus, Natalie S Lui, Joseph B Shrager, Mark F Berry
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes between induction chemotherapy alone (ICA) and induction chemoradiation (ICR) in patients with locally advanced distal esophageal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients in the National Cancer Database treated with ICA or ICR followed by esophagectomy between 2006 and 2012 for cT1-3N1M0 or T3N0M0 adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus were compared using logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Cox proportional hazards methods. RESULTS: The study group included 4763 patients, of whom 4323 patients (90...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Michael Cowley, David A Skaar, Dereje D Jima, Rachel L Maguire, Kathleen M Hudson, Sarah S Park, Patricia Sorrow, Cathrine Hoyo
BACKGROUND: Imprinted genes are defined by their preferential expression from one of the two parental alleles. This unique mode of gene expression is dependent on allele-specific DNA methylation profiles established at regulatory sequences called imprinting control regions (ICRs). These loci have been used as biosensors to study how environmental exposures affect methylation and transcription. However, a critical unanswered question is whether they are more, less, or equally sensitive to environmental stressors as the rest of the genome...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
Quang Viet Ly, Jin Hur
This study assessed the relative contributions of different constitutes in dissolved organic matter (DOM) with two different sources (i.e., urban river and effluent) to membrane fouling on three types of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes via excitation emission matrix - parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS). Two polyethersulfone membranes with different pore sizes and one regenerated cellulose membrane were used as representative hydrophobic (HPO) and hydrophilic (HPI) UF membranes, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Chemosphere
Dezhen Wang, Jin Yan, Miaomiao Teng, Sen Yan, Zhiqiang Zhou, Wentao Zhu
In this study, we investigated the effects of in utero and lactational exposure to BDE-47 on the progression of obesity and metabolic dysfunction in a diet-induced obesity model. Pregnant ICR mice were treated via oral gavage with low doses of BDE-47 (0, 0.002, and 0.2 mg/kg body weight) from gestational day 6 to postnatal day 21. After weaning, male offspring were fed an AIN93-based normal diet (ND) or high-fat diet (HFD: 60% calories from fat) for 14 weeks. We examined body weight, liver weight, histopathology, blood biochemistry, gene expression, and serum metabolic changes...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Jie-Qiong Ma, Chan-Min Liu, Wei Yang
Rutin, a natural flavonoid, possess beneficial health effects. However, its renoprotective effect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) induced injury and the underlying mechanism is not clarified. The current study aims is to identify the therapeutic effects of rutin on oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in mouse kidney exposed to CCl4 . ICR mice received CCl4 with or without rutin co-administration for one week. Compared with the control group, mice receiving CCl4 alone showed kidney injury as evidenced by elevation in serum biochemical markers, inflammation, caspase-3 activity and apoptosis in kidney, while rutin administration significantly attenuated these pathophysiological changes...
March 6, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Tiago Monteiro, José F Alfonso, Nuno Franqueira, Fernando Faria-Correia, Renato Ambrósio, David Madrid-Costa
PURPOSE: To compare the predictability of intrastromal tunnel depth creation for intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) implantation between manual dissection and femtosecond laser using a high-resolution anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: This multicenter study included patients with keratoconus who had Ferrara-type ICRS implantation at Hospital de Braga using manual dissection and at the Fernandez-Vega Ophthalmological Institute using the femtosecond laser technique...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Joon Ha Park, Bich Na Shin, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Jeong Hwi Cho, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae-Chul Lee, Yong Hwan Jeon, Il Jun Kang, Ki-Yeon Yoo, In Koo Hwang, Choong Hyun Lee, Yoo Hun Noh, Sung-Su Kim, Moo-Ho Won, Jong Dai Kim
Background: Glehnia littoralis has been used for traditional Asian medicine, which has diverse therapeutic activities. However, studies regarding neurogenic effects of G. littoralis have not yet been considered. Therefore, in this study, we examined effects of G. littoralis extract on cell proliferation, neuroblast differentiation, and the maturation of newborn neurons in the hippocampus of adult mice. Methods: A total of 39 male ICR mice (12 weeks old) were randomly assigned to vehicle-treated and 100 and 200 mg/kg G...
March 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Chloé Roullier-Gall, Julie Signoret, Daniel Hemmler, Michael A Witting, Basem Kanawati, Bernhard Schäfer, Régis D Gougeon, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin
Whisky can be described as a complex matrix integrating the chemical history from the fermented cereals, the wooden barrels, the specific distillery processes, aging, and environmental factors. In this study, using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) and liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), we analyzed 150 whisky samples from 49 different distilleries, 7 countries, and ranging from 1 day new make spirit to 43 years of maturation with different types of barrel...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Ning Yang, Krishna D P Anapindi, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Pingli Wei, Qing Yu, Lingjun Li, Paul J Kenny, Jonathan V Sweedler
Conserved across vertebrates, the habenular nuclei are a pair of small symmetrical structures in the epithalamus. The nuclei functionally link the forebrain and midbrain by receiving input from and projecting to several brain regions. Each habenular nucleus comprises two major asymmetrical subnuclei, the medial and lateral habenula. These subnuclei are associated with different physiological processes and disorders, such as depression, nicotine addiction, and encoding aversive stimuli or omitting expected rewarding stimuli...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"