Read by QxMD icon Read


J R Zadro, T I L Nilsen, D Shirley, A B Amorim, P H Ferreira, P J Mork
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing chronic widespread pain (CWP) have greater disability and poorer quality-of-life compared to those with other chronic painful conditions; although research identifying risk factors for CWP is lacking. We aimed to investigate if parental CWP increases the risk of offspring CWP, and if offspring body mass index (BMI) and leisure-time physical activity modify this association. METHODS: We included 6,589 parent-offspring trios participating in the Norwegian HUNT Study in 1995-97 and 2006-08...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
S Q Yan, H Cao, C L Gu, G P Gao, L L Ni, H H Tao, T Shao, Y Q Xu, F B Tao
Objective: To explore the interaction effect between mother's educational level and preschoolers' dietary pattern on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: In 2014, there were 16 439 children aged 3-6 years old from 91 kindergartens in Ma'anshan municipality of China. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the 10-item Chinese version of the Conners' Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire (C-ASQ) were administered to assess the usual dietary intake and symptoms on ADHD. Social-demographic information was collected through questionnaires...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
A L Mazul, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, S E Steck, N Rodriguez-Ormaza, M Weissler, A F Olshan, J P Zevallos
Diets high in fruits and vegetables and low in red meat intake have been associated with decreased risk of head and neck cancer. Additionally, chronic inflammation pathways and their association with cancer have been widely described. We hypothesized a pro-inflammatory diet, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®), is associated with increased risk of head and neck cancer. We used the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer (CHANCE) study, a population-based case-control study of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Xiaojuan Wang, Huiling Liang, Yan Wang, Chang Cai, Jimeng Li, Xun Li, Mian Wang, Mengshi Chen, Xin Xu, Hongzhuan Tan
BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of low-level lead exposure on renal dysfunction in paint works, and analyze the interaction between low-level lead exposure and other influence factors of renal dysfunction. METHODS: Seven hundred forty seven workers from Sany Heavy Industry Company and Xiangjiang Kansai Paint Company who have been exposed to paint were chosen by random cluster sampling. Their blood lead level and Urine β2-micro globulin level (renal dysfunction) were tested,risk factors of renal dysfunction in paint workers and their interactions were analyzed...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Heqing Lou, Zongmei Dong, Pan Zhang, Xiaoping Shao, Ting Li, Chunyan Zhao, Xunbao Zhang, Peian Lou
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes and smoking are known independent risk factors for stroke; however, their interaction concerning stroke is less clear. We aimed to explore such interaction and its influence on stroke in Chinese adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community-based investigation in Xuzhou, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 39 887 Chinese adults who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included. METHODS: Participants were selected using a multistage stratified cluster method, and completed self-reported questionnaires on stroke and smoking...
April 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Cecilia Tomori, Allison M McFall, Sunil S Solomon, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Santhanam Anand, P Balakrishnan, Shruti H Mehta, David D Celentano
Syndemic theory describes the clustering and synergistic interaction of disease driven by contextual and social factors, which worsen health outcomes for a population, and has been applied to men who have sex with men (MSM) and their risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Recent reviews, however, have critiqued prevailing approaches in syndemic studies that assess only additive associations without evaluation of synergy. Following these suggestions, we compared the traditional additive approach with a test for synergistic association of 5 syndemic conditions (alcohol dependence, illicit drug use, depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and childhood sexual abuse (CSA)) with unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and active syphilis infection among 11,771 MSM recruited through respondent driven sampling from 12 cities in India...
March 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Lina Wang, Bo Yang, Shiyuan Zhou, Huafang Gao, Fengyu Wang, Jiping Zhou, Haili Wang, Yanli Wang
Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD), which involve congenital cardiovascular malformations that occur during an embryo stage, may be the result of a complex interaction between genetic factors and environmental factors. The homozygous 677 T/T MTHFR gene and potential factors have been associated with CHD. Our objective was to study associations between potential environmental risk factors and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms in CHD. Methods: A total of 346 children with CHD and 237 healthy children were recruited...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Marnie F Hazlehurst, Paula S Nurius, Anjum Hajat
Psychosocial and environmental stress exposures across the life course have been shown to be relevant in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Assessing more than one stressor from different domains (e.g., individual and neighborhood) and across the life course moves us towards a more integrated picture of how stress affects health and well-being. Furthermore, these individual and neighborhood psychosocial stressors act on biologic pathways, including immune function and inflammatory response, which are also impacted by ubiquitous environmental exposures such as air pollution...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anping Cai, Jiawei Zhang, Rui Wang, Jiyan Chen, Bixia Huang, Yingling Zhou, Ling Wang
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and resistant hypertension (RHTN) are two major risk factors of chronic heart failure (CHF) and limited information is available about the joint effects of OSA and RHTN on CHF. METHODS: Baseline data of participants who had completed polysomnography were used in the current study. The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) and attributable proportion due to interaction (AP) were calculated, and RERI >0 or AP >0 indicates joint effect of OSA and RHTN on CHF is greater than the sum of estimated effects of OSA alone and RHTN alone...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Shinje Moon, Hyung-Joon Yoo, You-Hern Ahn, Gheun-Ho Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Joon-Sung Park
The association of mild increase in urinary albumin excretion with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in clinical studies is controversial. The aim of this study is to clarify the interaction between increased glycemic exposure and mild increase in urinary albumin excretion on risk of DR.Data were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2012. Overall, data from 953 participants without microalbuminuria (477 men and 476 women) were assessed. Logistic regression analysis was constructed to evaluate the association between DR and related clinical parameters, including urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR, mg/g creatinine)...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Da-Zhi Chen, Fei-Yang Ji, Qiao-Mai Xu, Xiao-Xin Wu, Chao Cai, Ling-Jian Zhang, Lan-Juan Li
Whether smoking and metabolic syndrome (MetS) can affect colorectal carcinoma (CRC) prognosis remains debatable. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the individual and combined effects of smoking and MetS on the prognosis of patients with localized CRC, including stage I to III disease. The relationship among smoking status, MetS, and CRC was assessed in 838 Chinese male patients. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to evaluate CRC prognosis adjusted for clinicopathological variables...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The potential interactive or combined association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and dietary behavior with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has yet to be explored in a representative sample of US adults. Thus, the study aim was to examine the association of MVPA and dietary behavior on AIP, with potential mediation considerations by central adiposity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2701 adults aged 20-85 years)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ting Yang, Yue-Ling Li, Li-Ling Chen, Fei Feng, Xiao-Ling Li, Wen-Hui Liu, Jin Yan, Yan-Fang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between intake of pickled vegetables and colorectal cancer (CRC),including the interactions between pickled vegetables and other dietary habits. METHODS: A 1:1 matched case-control study was undertaken,involving 400 patients with newly histopathologically diagnosed CRC and 400 healthy residents matched by age and gender. The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression models were established to identify risk factors of CRC and interactions between these factors...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Seong-Sik Cho, Young-Su Ju, Domyung Paek, Hyunjoo Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of long working hours and low job control on self-rated health. METHODS: We analyzed employees' data obtained from the 3rd Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). Multiple survey logistic analysis and post-estimation commands were employed to estimate the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). RESULTS: The odds ratio (OR) for poor self-rated health was 1.24 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Xing Liu, Aileen Baecker, Ming Wu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Jie Yang, Ren-Qiang Han, Pei-Hua Wang, Zi-Yi Jin, Ai-Min Liu, Xiaoping Gu, Xiao-Feng Zhang, Xu-Shan Wang, Ming Su, Xu Hu, Zheng Sun, Gang Li, Lina Mu, Na He, Liming Li, Jin-Kou Zhao, Zuo-Feng Zhang
Although tobacco smoking has been reported as a risk factor for liver cancer, few studies have specifically explored the association among Chinese females and the potential interaction between smoking and other risk factors. A population-based case-control study was conducted and 2,011 liver cancer cases and 7,933 healthy controls were enrolled in Jiangsu, China from 2003 to 2010. Epidemiological data were collected, and serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HCV antibody were measured. Unconditional logistic regression was used to examine association and potential interaction, while semi-Bayes (SB) method was employed to make estimates more conservative...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Thorsten Lunau, Morten Wahrendorf, Andreas Müller, Bradley Wright, Nico Dragano
Objectives There is now convincing evidence that psychosocial work stressors are linked to depression. Few studies, however, have tested if individual resources can buffer the longitudinal effects of psychosocial work stressors on depressive symptoms. This study investigates how two types of resources (internal and external resources) affect the association between psychosocial work stressors and depressive symptoms. Methods Data were obtained from the US Health and Retirement Study, with baseline information on psychosocial work stressors [job strain and effort-reward imbalance (ERI)] and on internal ("high mastery" and "low constraints") and external resources ("private social support") among initially healthy workers...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Akihito Hagihara, Daisuke Onozuka, Junko Ono, Takashi Nagata, Manabu Hasegawa
AIM: Early biphasic defibrillation is effective in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases. In the resuscitation of patients with OHCA, it is not clear how the defibrillation waveform interacts with the time to defibrillation to influence patient survival. The second, and any subsequent, shocks need to be administered by an on-line physician in Japan. Thus, we investigated the interaction between the defibrillation waveform and time to or the number of defibrillation on resuscitation outcomes...
January 2018: Resuscitation
Xiaoyu Tian, Cuili Wang, Xiaoxia Qiao, Na Liu, Lijuan Dong, Mary Butler, Huaxin Si, Yaru Jin
Pain and frailty are both prevalent and have severe health impacts among older adults. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to examine the association between pain and frailty, and depression as a mediator and its interaction with pain on frailty among 1788 Chinese community-dwelling older adults. Physical frailty, pain intensity and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Frailty Phenotype, the revised Faces Pain Scale (FPS-R), and the 5-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-5), respectively...
November 13, 2017: Pain
Mehrane Mehramiz, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Maryam Mardan-Nik, Alireza Pasdar, Khadijeh Jamialahmadi, Hamid Fiuji, Mehrdad Moetamani-Ahmadi, Seyed Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Mohsen Moohebati, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) globally is attributable to an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Gene × diet interaction studies aim to explore how a modifiable factor interacts with genetic predispositions. Here we have explored the interaction of a heat shock protein (HSP70) gene polymorphism (+1267A > G) with dietary intake and their possible association with serum C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker, that is a major component of CVD risk...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Yuan Zhou, Ming Chen, Steve Simpson, Robyn M Lucas, Jac C Charlesworth, Nicholas Blackburn, Ingrid van der Mei, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Bruce V Taylor
Despite extensive studies focusing on the changes in expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to healthy controls, few studies have evaluated the association of genetic variants of miRNAs with MS clinical course. We investigated whether a functional polymorphism in the MS associated miR-146a gene predicted clinical course (hazard of conversion to MS and of relapse, and annualized change in disability), using a longitudinal cohort study of persons with a first demyelinating event followed up to their 5-year review...
February 2018: Neurological Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"