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Nano medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149552/predicting-nano-bio-interactions-by-integrating-nanoparticle-libraries-and-quantitative-nanostructure-activity-relationship-modeling
#1
Wenyi Wang, Alexander Sedykh, Hainan Sun, Linlin Zhao, Daniel P Russo, Hongyu Zhou, Bing Yan, Hao Zhu
The discovery of biocompatible or bioactive nanoparticles for medicinal applications is an expensive and time-consuming process that may be significantly facilitated by incorporating more rational approaches combining both experimental and computational methods. However, it is currently hindered by two limitations: 1) the lack of high quality comprehensive data for computational modeling, and 2) the lack of an effective modeling method for the complex nanomaterial structures. In this study, we tackled both issues by first synthesizing a large library of nanoparticles and obtained comprehensive data on their characterizations and bioactivities...
November 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148164/protein-profiling-of-non-model-plant-cuminum-cyminum-by-gel-based-proteomic-approach
#2
Uzma Zaman, Henning Urlaub, Atiya Abbasi
INTRODUCTION: Cumin (Cuminum cyminum), a popular spice has been widely used in traditional medicine to cure various ailments. Despite the existence of scientific literature about its pharmacological properties, no successful proteome profiling has yet been attempted. OBJECTIVE: To optimise extraction of cumin proteins and analyse its profile by shotgun proteomics, using one-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with nano-ESI-LC-MS/MS. METHODOLOGY: As a first step, we have compared three extraction protocols for total proteins extraction from cumin...
November 16, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136875/a-turn-on-competitive-immunochromatographic-strips-integrated-with-quantum-dots-and-gold-nano-stars-for-cadmium-ion-detection
#3
Meng Xiao, Qiangqiang Fu, Haicong Shen, Yuan Chen, Wei Xiao, Daoguang Yan, Xiaojiang Tang, Zhiyong Zhong, Yong Tang
Immunochromatographic strips (ICSs) are inexpensive, simple, portable, and robust, and therefore have many uses in the medicinal, agricultural, and environmental industries. For detection of small molecules, current ICSs are competitive format (competitive ICSs, CICSs), which only offer a turn-off readout mode, and therefore lead to low sensitivity when evaluating results by the naked eye. To overcome this problem, we report a turn-on CICSs that relies on the ability of gold nano-stars (AuNSs) quenching the signal of quantum dots (QDs)...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128846/tissue-adhesive-fk506-loaded-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-multi-layered-nano-shielding-of-pancreatic-islets-to-enhance-xenograft-survival-in-a-diabetic-mouse-model
#4
Tung Thanh Pham, Tiep Tien Nguyen, Shiva Pathak, Shobha Regmi, Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim, Pil-Hoon Park, Min Hui Park, Young Kyung Bae, Jeong Uk Choi, Youngro Byun, Cheol-Hee Ahn, Simmyung Yook, Jee-Heon Jeong
This study aims to develop a novel surface modification technology to prolong the survival time of pancreatic islets in a xenogenic transplantation model, using 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (DOPA) conjugated poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles (DOPA-NPs) carrying immunosuppressant FK506 (FK506/DOPA-NPs). The functionalized DOPA-NPs formed a versatile coating layer for antigen camouflage without interfering the viability and functionality of islets. The coating layer effectively preserved the morphology and viability of islets in a co-culture condition with xenogenic lymphocytes for 7 days...
November 1, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128535/branched-peptides-integrate-into-self-assembled-nanostructures-and-enhance-biomechanics-of-peptidic-hydrogels
#5
Raffaele Pugliese, Federico Fontana, Amanda Marchini, Fabrizio Gelain
Self-assembling peptides (SAP) have drawn an increasing interest in the tissue engineering community. They display unquestionable biomimetic properties, tailorability and promising biocompatibility. However their use has been hampered by poor mechanical properties making them fragile soft scaffolds. To increase SAP hydrogel stiffness we introduced a novel strategy based on multiple ramifications of (LDLK)3, a well-known linear SAP, connected with one or multiple "lysine knots". Differently branched SAPs were tested by increasing the number of (LDLK)3-like branches and by adding the neuro-regenerative functional motif BMHP1 as a single branch...
November 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127036/amphiphilic-poly-%C3%AE-glutamate-polymeric-micelles-for-systemic-administration-of-sirna-to-tumors
#6
Adva Krivitsky, Dina Polyak, Anna Scomparin, Shay Eliyahu, Paula Ofek, Galia Tiram, Hagar Kalinski, Sharon Avkin-Nachum, Natàlia Feiner Gracia, Lorenzo Albertazzi, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro
RNAi therapeutics carried a great promise to the area of personalized medicine: the ability to target "undruggable" oncogenic pathways. Nevertheless, their efficient tumor targeting via systemic administration had not been resolved yet. Amphiphilic alkylated poly(α)glutamate amine (APA) can serve as a cationic carrier to the negatively-charged oligonucleotides. APA polymers complexed with siRNA to form round-shaped, homogenous and reproducible nano-sized polyplexes bearing ~50nm size and slightly negative charge...
November 7, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123544/non-coding-rnas-in-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-extracellular-vesicles-deciphering-regulatory-roles-in-stem-cell-potency-inflammatory-resolve-and-tissue-regeneration
#7
REVIEW
Farah Fatima, Karin Ekstrom, Irina Nazarenko, Marco Maugeri, Hadi Valadi, Andrew F Hill, Giovanni Camussi, Muhammad Nawaz
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are heterogeneous populations of nano- and micro-sized vesicles secreted by various cell types. There is mounting evidence that EVs have widespread roles in transporting proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids between cells and serve as mediators of intercellular communication. EVs secreted from stem cells could function as paracrine factors, and appear to mimic and recapitulate several features of their secreting cells. EV-mediated transport of regulatory RNAs provides a novel source of trans-regulation between cells...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119943/an-appraisal-on-various-methods-of-nano-particulate-formulations
#8
Bindu Dhiman, Divtrannum Bhalla, Anju Dhiman, Sapna Saini
Nanotechnology has gained a great deal of public interest due to the needs and applications of nanomaterials in many areas of human endeavours such as industry, agriculture, business, medicine, public health amongst many others. Nanotechnology includes the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components and systems, keeping the control and construction of new and improved materials at the nanoscale. Biological nanoparticles are mainly developed for drug delivery systems as an alternative to liposomal technology, in order to overcome the problems related to the stability of these vesicles in biological fluids and during the storage...
November 8, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117438/metallic-nano-composite-toxicity-evaluation-by-zebrafish-embryo-toxicity-test-with-identification-of-specific-exposure-biomarkers
#9
Roberta Pecoraro, Antonio Salvaggio, Fabio Marino, Gianfranco Di Caro, Fabiano Capparucci, Bianca Maria Lombardo, Giuseppina Messina, Elena Maria Scalisi, Maurizio Tummino, Francesco Loreto, Giusi D'Amante, Roberto Avola, Daniele Tibullo, Maria Violetta Brundo
Nanomaterials (NM) have different shapes and can be composed of different materials such as carbon, silicon, and some metals like gold, silver, and titanium. They are used as fillers, catalysts, semiconductors, cosmetics, drug carriers in medicine, energy storage systems, and antifriction coatings. NM are the parent compounds of nanoparticles (NPs), which may be divided into two groups: fullerenes and engineered nanoparticles (ENPs). After crossing the cell membrane, NPs may be stored in vesicles, mitochondria, and additional organelles within epithelial cells...
November 8, 2017: Current Protocols in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114138/anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-activity-of-nano-micana-cordifolia-and-metronidazole-an-in-vitro-study
#10
Hossein Vazini
Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellate parasite living in the genital tract and it is accounted as a sexually transmitted disease. The clinical symptoms vary from the asymptomatic to the severe form which is usually associated with the irritation, itching and infertility in some severe cases. Many drugs have been applied to treat this disease and Metronidazole is the gold standard for treatment; however, it has also detected that this medicine has many side-effects which it has been motivated the researchers to find an appropriate alternative for this medicine...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100265/nano-drug-for-pain-medicine
#11
Farshad Hasanzadeh-Kiabi
Pain is commonly categorized into two diverse groups: acute pain, characterized by early onset and last for a very short time; while chronic pain, characterized by a prolonged pain for least 3 months' duration. Timely and immediate management of critical pain is critical in reducing its aggravation to chronic pain. There has been successful application of nano-technology, nano-medicine to the treatment and management of pain both in clinical and experimental studies like the fabrication of nano-formulated liposomes to deliver drugs for pain therapy, formulation of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099165/prospects-of-graphene-hbn-heterostructure-nanogap-for-dna-sequencing
#12
Vivekanand Shukla, Naresh K Jena, Anton Grigoriev, Rajeev Ahuja
Recent advances in solid-state nano-device-based DNA sequencing are at the helm of the development of a new paradigm, commonly referred to as personalized medicines. Paying heed to a timely need for standardizing robust nanodevices for cheap, fast, and scalable DNA detection, in this article, the nanogap formed by the lateral heterostructure of graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is explored as a potential architecture. These heterostructures have been realized experimentally, and our study boasts the idea that the passivation of the edge of the graphene electrode with hBN will solve many of practical problems, such as high reactivity of the graphene edge and difficulty in controlled engineering of the graphene edge structure, while retaining the nanogap setup as a useful nanodevice for sensing applications...
November 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088978/the-biological-challenges-and-pharmacological-opportunities-of-orally-administered-nanomedicine-delivery
#13
Darren Michael Moss, Paul Curley, Hannah Kinvig, Clare Hoskins, Andrew Owen
Nano-scale formulations are being developed to improve the delivery of orally administered medicines, and the interactions between nanoformulations and the gastrointestinal luminal, mucosal and epithelial environment is currently being investigated. The mucosal surface of the gastrointestinal tract is capable of trapping and eliminating large particles and pathogens as part of the natural defences of the body, it is becoming clearer that nanoformulation properties such as particle size, charge, and shape, as well as mucous properties such as viscoelasticity, thickness, density, and turn-over time are all relevant to these interactions...
November 1, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078713/characterization-of-brusatol-self-microemulsifying-drug-delivery-system-and-its-therapeutic-effect-against-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice
#14
Jiangtao Zhou, Lihua Tan, Jianhui Xie, Zhengquan Lai, Yanfeng Huang, Chang Qu, Dandan Luo, Zhixiu Lin, Ping Huang, Ziren Su, Youliang Xie
Brusatol (BR) is one of the main bioactive components derived from Brucea javanica, a medicinal herb historically used in the treatment of dysenteric disorders (also known as ulcerative colitis(UC)). Due to its poor aqueous solubility, a novel brusatol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (BR-SMEDDS) nanoformulation with smaller size, higher negative zeta potential and drug content, and excellent stability was developed. The appearance of BR-SMEDDS remained clear and transparent, and transmission electron microscopy showed microemulsion droplets to be spherical with homogeneous distribution...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072594/advances-in-fluorescent-single-chain-nanoparticles
#15
REVIEW
Julen De-La-Cuesta, Edurne González, José A Pomposo
Fluorophore molecules can be monitored by fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy, which are highly useful and widely used techniques in cell biology, biochemistry, and medicine (e.g., biomarker analysis, immunoassays, cancer diagnosis). Several fluorescent micro- and nanoparticle systems based on block copolymer micelles and cross-linked polymer networks, quantum dots, π-conjugated polymers, and dendrimers have been evaluated as optical imaging systems. In this review, we highlight recent advances in the construction of fluorescent single-chain nanoparticles (SCNPs), which are valuable artificial soft nano-objects with a small tunable size (as small as 3 nm)...
October 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071199/encapsulation-of-inorganic-nanomaterials-inside-virus-based-nanoparticles-for-bioimaging
#16
REVIEW
Wenjing Zhang, Chengchen Xu, Gen-Quan Yin, Xian-En Zhang, Qiangbin Wang, Feng Li
Virus-based nanoparticles (VNPs) can serve as containers for inorganic nanomaterials with excellent physical and chemical properties. Incorporation of nanomaterials inside the inner cavity of VNPs has opened up lots of possibilities for imaging applications in the field of biology and medicine. Encapsulation of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) in VNPs can achieve the labeling of VNPs with nanoprobes and maintain the original outer surface features of VNPs at the same time. In return, VNPs enhance the stability and biocompatibility of the inorganic cargoes...
2017: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040541/placental-nano-vesicles-target-to-specific-organs-and-modulate-vascular-tone-in-vivo
#17
Mancy Tong, Joanna L Stanley, Q Chen, Joanna L James, Peter R Stone, Larry W Chamley
STUDY QUESTION: How do nano-vesicles extruded from normal first trimester human placentae affect maternal vascular function? SUMMARY ANSWER: Placental nano-vesicles affect the ability of systemic mesenteric arteries to undergo endothelium- and nitric oxide- (NO-) dependent vasodilation in vivo in pregnant mice. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Dramatic cardiovascular adaptations occur during human pregnancy, including a substantial decrease in total peripheral resistance in the first trimester...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034836/nanomedicine-for-intranasal-delivery-to-improve-brain-uptake
#18
Amit A Patel, Ravish J Patel, Shachi R Patel
Intranasal drug delivery system provide distinct advantage over conventional drug delivery system for a drug that is pharmacokenetically or biologically unstable. Major concern for treatment of central nervous system diseases are law concentration of therapeutically active molecule within brain as blood brain barrier is creating obstacle, where intranasal drug delivery provides direct transport of therapeutically active moiety into brain via olfactory or trigeminal pathway. Nasal mucosa provides distinct advantage like improved bioavailability, law dose and quick onset of action and high patient compliance, major disadvantage is residence time of drug and irreversible entrapment of drug...
October 13, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031226/ectopic-vascularized-bone-formation-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-microtissues-in-a-biocomposite-scaffold
#19
Rajan Narayan, Tarun Agarwal, Debasish Mishra, Somnath Maji, Sujata Mohanty, Asok Mukhopadhyay, Tapas Kumar Maiti
Three-dimensional multicellular human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) are showing a great promise in the repair of bone tissue due to its osteogenic differentiation potential, mimicking in vivo microenvironment and immunomodulatory property. In the present study, the potential of hBM-MSC microtissues (MTs) in combination with a biocomposite material to form vascularized bone-like tissue at an ectopic site in an immunocompromised mouse was evaluated. The scaffold was fabricated using gelatin, carboxymethyl cellulose, polyvinyl alcohol and nano-hydroxyapatite (GCnHP) by the freeze-drying method...
October 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029547/nanoformulations-of-curcumin-an-emerging-paradigm-for-improved-remedial-application
#20
REVIEW
Meeta Gera, Neelesh Sharma, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Do Luong Huynh, Sung Jin Lee, Taesun Min, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
Curcumin is a natural polyphenol and essential curcuminoid derived from the rhizome of the medicinal plant Curcuma longa (L.) is universally acknowledged as "Wonder drug of life". It is a vital consumable and restorative herb, commonly keened for several ailments such as cancer, arthritis, pain, bruises, gastrointestinal quandaries, swelling and much more. Despite its enormous curative potential, the poor aqueous solubility and consequently, minimal systemic bioavailability with rapid degradation are some of the major factors which restrict the utilization of curcumin at medical perspective...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
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