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Nano medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792664/collagen-coated-nano-electrospun-pcl-seeded-with-human-endometrial-stem-cells-for-skin-tissue-engineering-applications
#1
Shiva Sharif, Jafar Ai, Mahmoud Azami, Javad Verdi, Mohammad Ali Atlasi, Sadegh Shirian, Ali Samadikuchaksaraei
Human endometrial stem cells (hEnSCs) are known as an attractive source of stem cells for regenerative medicine. hEnSCs are easily isolated and are capable of repairing uterine through their strong ability of creating new capillaries. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) nanofibrous polycaprolactone (PCL)/collagen scaffold was fabricated and characterized in order to be applied as a new approach for skin reconstruction. Furthermore, the behavior of hEnSCs on this scaffold was investigated. First, a PCL 3D scaffold was constructed using electrospinning technique...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780415/ginkgo-biloba-extracts-loaded-starch-nano-spheres-preparation-characterization-and-in-vitro-release-kinetics
#2
Tao Wang, Caie Wu, Gongjian Fan, Tingting Li, Hao Gong, Fuliang Cao
Ginkgo as a promising edible material and herbal medicine has received much attention due to its abundant starch contents and functional ingredient ginkgo biloba extracts (GBEs). Many foreign scholars suggest that GBEs can effectively ameliorate the symptoms of mild memory impairment and Alzheimer's dementia. However, an insurmountable problem with application of the GBEs is its low bioavailability, which restricts its application in vivo. Considering the biocompatibility between GBEs and starch, we have prepared ginkgo and corn starch-based nano-carriers, and thereby loaded GBEs onto starch nano-spheres (SNPs) by nanoprecipitation...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780275/inhalable-sirna-loaded-nano-embedded-microparticles-engineered-using-microfluidics-and-spray-drying
#3
Monica Agnoletti, Adam Bohr, Kaushik Thanki, Feng Wan, Xianghui Zeng, Johan Peter Boetker, Mingshi Yang, Camilla Foged
Medicines based on small interfering RNA (siRNA) are promising for the treatment of a number of lung diseases. However, efficient delivery systems and design of stable dosage forms are required for inhalation therapy, as well as cost-effective methods for manufacturing of the final product. In this study, a 3D-printed micromixer was used for preparation of siRNA-dendrimer nanocomplexes, which were subsequently processed into microparticle-based dry powders for inhalation using spray drying. By applying the disposable micromixer, nanocomplexes were prepared of an average hydrodynamic diameter comparable to that of nanocomplexes prepared by manual mixing, but with narrower size distribution and low batch-to-batch variation...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777502/carbon-nanomaterials-in-biological-studies-and-biomedicine
#4
REVIEW
Nagappa L Teradal, Raz Jelinek
The "carbon nano-world" has made over the past few decades huge contributions in diverse scientific disciplines and technological advances. While dramatic advances have been widely publicized in using carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene in materials sciences, nano-electronics, and photonics, their contributions to biology and biomedicine have been noteworthy as well. This Review focuses on the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, and carbon quantum dots [encompassing graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and carbon dots (C-dots)] in biologically oriented materials and applications...
August 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776396/paclitaxel-loaded-nanoparticles-decorated-with-bivalent-fragment-hab18-f-ab-2-and-cell-penetrating-peptide-for-improved-therapeutic-effect-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Cheng Jin, Ling Bai, Lemin Lin, Shuangquan Wang, Xiaolong Yin
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) shows low response to most conventional treatment strategies. Therefore, there is an urgent need for new and effective chemotherapies. Nanotechnology gives a dramatic impact on medicine. In this work, paclitaxel loaded nanoparticles (NPs) decorated with bivalent fragment HAb18 F(ab')2 and/or cell penetrating peptide (CPP) were developed and evaluated. NPs were prepared by emulsification-solvent evaporation method and decorated by carbodiimide chemistry. The physicochemical characteristics of NPs (i...
August 4, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774157/the-potential-liver-brain-and-embryo-toxicity-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-on-mice
#6
Xiaochuan Jia, Shuo Wang, Lei Zhou, Li Sun
Nanoscale titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) has been widely used in industry and medicine. However, the safety of nano-TiO2 exposure remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the liver, brain, and embryo toxicity and the underlying mechanism of nano-TiO2 using mice models. The results showed that titanium was distributed to and accumulated in the heart, brain, spleen, lung, and kidney of mice after intraperitoneal (i.p.) nano-TiO2 exposure, in a dose-dependent manner. The organ/body weight ratios of the heart, spleen, and kidney were significantly increased, and those of the brain and lung were decreased...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765849/peptide-binding-to-metal-oxide-nanoparticles
#7
S P Schwaminger, S A Blank-Shim, I Scheifele, P Fraga-García, S Berensmeier
Magnetic metal oxide nanoparticles demonstrate great applicability in several fields such as biotechnology, medicine and catalysis. A stable, magnetic and low-cost material, nanoscale magnetite, is an interesting adsorbent for protein purification. Downstream processing can account for up to 80% of the total production costs in biotechnological production. As such, the development of new innovative separation methods can be regarded as highly profitable. While short peptide sequences can be used as specific affinity tags for functionalised adsorber surfaces, they need expensive affinity ligands on the particle surface for adsorption...
August 2, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746739/characterization-and-influence-of-green-synthesized-of-nano-sized-zinc-complex-with-5-aminolevulinic-acid-on-bioactive-compounds-of-aniseed
#8
Vahid Tavallali, Sadegh Rahmati, Vahid Rowshan
A new water soluble zinc-aminolevulinic acid nano complex (n[Zn(ALA)2 ]), which characterized by TEM, IR and EDX spectra, has been prepared via sonochemical method under green conditions in water. In the current study, the effectiveness of foliar Zn amendment using synthetic Zn-ALA nano complex, as a new introduced Zn-fertilizer here, was evaluated. As the model plant, Pimpinella anisum, the most valuable spice and medicinal plant grown in warm regions, was used. By using zinc nano complex, further twenty compounds were obtained in the essential oil of anise plants...
July 26, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739341/atomic-force-microscope-as-a-nano-and-micrometer-scale-biological-manipulator-a-short-review
#9
REVIEW
Atsushi Ikai, Rehana Afrin, Masakazu Saito, Takahiro Watanabe-Nakayama
The amazing capacity of atomic force microscope to let us touch the molecular and cellular level samples with a sharp probe stimulated its application to bio-medical field among others. In addition to topographical imaging of the sample surface, a direct mechanical manipulation has attracted innovative minds to develop new methodologies aiming at direct handling of proteins, DNA/RNA, and cells. Measurement of their mechanical properties brought about a vivid picture of their physical nature. Direct handling of individual molecules and cells prompted development of nano-medical applications...
July 21, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729656/endolysosomal-targeting-of-a-clinical-chlorin-photosensitiser-for-light-triggered-delivery-of-nano-sized-medicines
#10
Elnaz Yaghini, Ruggero Dondi, Kunal M Tewari, Marilena Loizidou, Ian M Eggleston, Alexander J MacRobert
A major problem with many promising nano-sized biotherapeutics including macromolecules is that owing to their size they are subject to cellular uptake via endocytosis, and become entrapped and then degraded within endolysosomes, which can significantly impair their therapeutic efficacy. Photochemical internalisation (PCI) is a technique for inducing cytosolic release of the entrapped agents that harnesses sub-lethal photodynamic therapy (PDT) using a photosensitiser that localises in endolysosomal membranes...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726546/nanotopographic-influence-on-the-in-vitro-behavior-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#11
Ji-Yun Ko, Hyun-Jik Oh, Jimin Lee, Gun-Il Im
While the influence of nanotopography on stem cell behavior have been extensively investigated on adult stem cells, far fewer studies have investigated the interaction of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) with various nanotopographical patterns. The purpose of this study was to identify nanopatterns that can influence the stemness and proliferation as well as the adhesive properties in iPSCs, and thereby explore the feasibility of applying these nano-features for regenerative medicine. Three kinds of nanopatterns were fabricated from polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes, irregular patterned membrane (IPM), groove patterned membrane (GPM), and post patterned membrane (PPM), in addition to flat patterned membrane (FPM) which did not have any nanotopographic features and was used as the control pattern...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723615/nanoformulations-of-curcumin-an-emerging-paradigm-for-improved-remedial-application
#12
REVIEW
Meeta Gera, Neelesh Sharma, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Do Luong Huynh, Sung Jin Lee, Taesun Min, Taeho Kwon, Dong Kee Jeong
Curcumin is a natural polyphenol and essential curcuminoid derived from the rhizome of the medicinal plant Curcuma longa (L.) is universally acknowledged as "Wonder drug of life". It is a vital consumable and restorative herb, commonly keened for several ailments such as cancer, arthritis, pain, bruises, gastrointestinal quandaries, swelling and much more. Despite its enormous curative potential, the poor aqueous solubility and consequently, minimal systemic bioavailability with rapid degradation are some of the major factors which restrict the utilization of curcumin at medical perspective...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721737/a-new-water-soluble-nanomicelle-formed-through-self-assembly-of-pectin-curcumin-conjugates-preparation-characterization-and-anticancer-activity-evaluation
#13
Feng Bai, Jiajing Diao, Ying Wang, Shixin Sun, Hongmei Zhang, Yunyun Liu, Yanqing Wang, Jian Cao
Curcumin is a dominating active component of Curcuma longa and has been studied widely because of its prominent biological activities. The extremely low aqueous solubility, stability, and bioavailability of curcumin limit its application in the field of medicine. In this study, we developed pectin-curcumin (PEC-CCM) conjugates that could self-assemble water-soluble nanomicelles in aqueous solution. The structure of PEC-CCM conjugates was characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectra, fluorescence spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707589/advances-in-the-anticancer-value-of-the-ursolic-acid-through-nanodelivery
#14
Azadeh Manayi, Marjan Nikan, Navid Nobakht Haghighid, Mohammad Abdollahi
Ursolic acid, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid is commonly found in plants and foods with promising biological and pharmacological activities. The compound has been under the attention of researchers due to its considerable anticancer effects through suppression of differentiation, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis of tumor cells via different pathways with low toxicity. Bioavailability of ursolic acid is poor due to poor solubility of the compound in water. Low bioavailability and short plasma half-life of ursolic acid along with non-specific distribution in the body are considered as impediments in the therapeutic development of the compound...
July 13, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692416/immunoglobulin-g-n-glycans-as-potential-postgenomic-biomarkers-for-hypertension-in-the-kazakh-population
#15
Qing Gao, Mamatyusupu Dolikun, Jerko Štambuk, Hao Wang, Feifei Zhao, Nizam Yiliham, Youxin Wang, Irena Trbojević-Akmačić, Jie Zhang, Honghong Fang, Yang Sun, Hongli Peng, Zhongyao Zhao, Di Liu, Jiaonan Liu, Qihuan Li, Qi Sun, Lijuan Wu, Gordan Lauc, Wei Wang, Manshu Song
Next-generation (postgenomic) biomarkers from the nascent field of glycomics now offer fresh vistas for innovation in chronic disease biomarkers and system diagnostics in clinical medicine. Our previous work has shown an association between hypertension and immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycome composition, suggesting that individual variation in N-glycosylation of IgG might contribute to hypertension pathogenesis. The present study examined, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, the IgG N-glycans as potential biomarkers for hypertension in the Kazakh population...
July 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678160/lipid-bilayer-membrane-in-a-silicon-based-micron-sized-cavity-accessed-by-atomic-force-microscopy-and-electrochemical-impedance-spectroscopy
#16
Muhammad Shuja Khan, Noura Sayed Dosoky, Darayas Patel, Jeffrey Weimer, John Dalton Williams
Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are widely used in biophysical research to probe the functionality of biological membranes and to provide diagnoses in high throughput drug screening. Formation of SLBs at below phase transition temperature (Tm) has applications in nano-medicine research where low temperature profiles are required. Herein, we report the successful production of SLBs at above-as well as below-the Tm of the lipids in an anisotropically etched, silicon-based micro-cavity. The Si-based cavity walls exhibit controlled temperature which assist in the quick and stable formation of lipid bilayer membranes...
July 5, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670118/species-specific-identification-of-collagen-components-in-colla-corii-asini-using-a-nano-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-proteomics-approach
#17
Xue Li, Feng Shi, Liping Gong, Baojian Hang, Daoyuan Li, Lianli Chi
Colla corii asini (CCA) is a protein-based traditional Chinese medicine made from donkey skins. Because it has the ability to nourish blood, its demand is increasing rapidly. The shortage of donkey skins increases the risk of the adulteration of CCA products with other animal skins. To ensure the drug efficacy and safety of CCA products, a proteomics technique was applied to reveal proteins in the skins of donkey, horse, cattle, and pig. Species-specific peptides for each animal species were predicted using bioinformatics, and their presence in the skins and gelatin samples was examined by nano-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nano-LC-MS/MS)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668043/luminescent-tunable-polydots-charge-effects-in-confined-geometry
#18
Sidath Wijesinghe, Sabina Maskey, Dvora Perahia, Gary S Grest
Long-lived soft nanoparticles, formed by conjugated polymers, constitute a new class of far-from-equilibrium responsive structures for nano-medicine. Tethering ionizable groups to the polymers enables functionality. However concurrently, the ionic groups perturb the delicate balance of interactions that governs these particles. Using fully atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, this study probed the effects of charged groups tethered to poly para phenylene ethynylene substituted by alkyl groups on the polymer conformation and dynamics in confined geometry...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667323/surface-engineering-for-mechanical-enhancement-of-cell-sheet-by-nano-coatings
#19
Miso Yang, Eunah Kang, Jong Wook Shin, Jinkee Hong
Cell sheet technology is becoming increasingly popular in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, due to integrity into versatile organ and manageable cell and tissue type from the bank, and no needs of large volume organ for transplantation. Cell sheets have still a room to resolve the mechanical resistance under load-bearing occasion, easy translocation into organ, and prompt shape modulation for regular application in vivo. Herein, a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of nanometer scaled film coating method was introduced to inter-planar cell sheet for multilayered cell sheet (M1) and a single cell before sheet formation (M2)...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647590/differences-in-the-coronal-proteome-acquired-by-particles-depositing-in-the-lungs-of-asthmatic-versus-healthy-humans
#20
Abhinav Kumar, Elif Melis Bicer, Paul Pfeffer, Marco P Monopoli, Kenneth A Dawson, Jonny Eriksson, Katarina Edwards, Steven Lynham, Matthew Arno, Annelie F Behndig, Anders Blomberg, Graham Somers, Dave Hassall, Lea Ann Dailey, Ben Forbes, Ian Mudway
Most inhaled nanomedicines in development are for the treatment of lung disease, yet little is known about their interaction with the respiratory tract lining fluids (RTLFs). Here we combined the use of nano-silica, as a protein concentrator, with label-free snapshot proteomics (LC-MS/MS; key findings confirmed by ELISA) to generate a quantitative profile of the RTLF proteome and provided insight into the evolved corona; information that may be used in future to improve drug targeting to the lungs by inhaled medicines...
June 22, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
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