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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#1
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161403/school-practices-important-for-students-sexual-health-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#3
Honor Young, Sara Jayne Long, Britt Hallingberg, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham F Moore
Background: This study investigates how the sexual health outcomes of a representative sample of students aged 15-16 in Wales vary according to the person delivering Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) in schools, students' access to on-site sexual health services and access to free condoms. Methods: Cross-sectional, self-report survey data were collected from students who participated in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network questionnaire in Wales. Data were analyzed from 59 schools, totalling 3781 students aged 15-16 (M = 15...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161260/hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) may play a role in addressing gaps in HIV testing coverage and as an entry point for HIV prevention services. We conducted a cluster randomized trial of 2 HIVST distribution mechanisms compared to the standard of care among female sex workers (FSWs) in Zambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained peer educators in Kapiri Mposhi, Chirundu, and Livingstone, Zambia, each recruited 6 FSW participants. Peer educator-FSW groups were randomized to 1 of 3 arms: (1) delivery (direct distribution of an oral HIVST from the peer educator), (2) coupon (a coupon for collection of an oral HIVST from a health clinic/pharmacy), or (3) standard-of-care HIV testing...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#5
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160597/effects-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-programme-combined-with-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
T Hirase, H Kataoka, J Nakano, S Inokuchi, J Sakamoto, M Okita
BACKGROUND: Although researchers have recommended exercise training and psychosocial intervention to manage chronic pain, an effective intervention for Japanese community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain has not been established. This randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention more effectively improves pain, psychological status and physical activity than does exercise training alone in this population. METHODS: We randomized 128 older adults with chronic pain to either an intervention group (n = 64) involving exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention, or a control group (n = 64) involving only exercise training...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159862/mass-media-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Malgorzata M Bala, Lukasz Strzeszynski, Roman Topor-Madry
BACKGROUND: Mass media tobacco control campaigns can reach large numbers of people. Much of the literature is focused on the effects of tobacco control advertising on young people, but there are also a number of evaluations of campaigns targeting adult smokers, which show mixed results. Campaigns may be local, regional or national, and may be combined with other components of a comprehensive tobacco control policy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of mass media interventions in reducing smoking among adults...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159267/long-term-impact-of-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-assessed-with-the-national-institutes-of-health-toolbox-the-look-ahead-study
#8
Kathleen M Hayden, Laura D Baker, George Bray, Raymond Carvajal, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, Andrea L Hergenroeder, James O Hill, Edward Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Rebecca H Neiberg, Stephen R Rapp, Thomas A Wadden, Michael E Miller
Introduction: This study sought to determine whether 10 years of assignment to intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) relative to diabetes support and education leads to better cognition. We examine intervention effects overall and among clinical subgroups, and report correlations between computer-administered and interviewer-administered cognitive batteries. Methods: The Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) was a 16-site randomized controlled trial with overweight/obese individuals (aged 45-76) who had type 2 diabetes...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159134/model-selection-and-prediction-of-outcomes-in-recent-onset-schizophrenia-patients-who-undergo-cognitive-training
#9
Ian S Ramsay, Sisi Ma, Melissa Fisher, Rachel L Loewy, J Daniel Ragland, Tara Niendam, Cameron S Carter, Sophia Vinogradov
Predicting treatment outcomes in psychiatric populations remains a challenge, but is increasingly important in the pursuit of personalized medicine. Patients with schizophrenia have deficits in cognition, and targeted cognitive training (TCT) of auditory processing and working memory has been shown to improve some of these impairments; but little is known about the baseline patient characteristics predictive of cognitive improvement. Here we use a model selection and regression approach called least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) to examine predictors of cognitive improvement in response to TCT for patients with recent onset schizophrenia...
March 2018: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159017/gardening-and-age-related-weight-gain-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-denver-residents
#10
Jill S Litt, Jeffrey Richard Lambert, Deborah H Glueck
This study examined whether gardening modifies the association between age and body mass index (BMI). We used data from the Neighborhood Environments and Health Survey, which was conducted in Denver (N = 469) between 2006 and 2007. We fit two general linear mixed models. The base model had BMI in kg/m(2) as the outcome, and age, an indicator variable for non-gardening status and the age-by-non-gardening status interaction as predictors. The adjusted model included as covariates the potential confounders of education, ethnicity and self-reported health...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159016/intimate-partner-violence-discussions-in-the-healthcare-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Alexa L Swailes, Erik B Lehman, Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld
In 2013, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine intimate partner violence (IPV) screening for reproductive-age women. Given the increased attention paid to IPV on a national scale, and broader recognition of its social and physical implications, we sought to characterize the discussions resulting from routine IPV screening-specifically regarding provider response and patient perceptions. In a cross-sectional analysis, we implemented a survey to examine outcomes of IPV screening, including use of guideline-concordant discussion topics and interventions, as well as patient perception of the encounters...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158950/changing-our-diagnostic-paradigm-movement-system-diagnostic-classification
#12
Paula M Ludewig, Danilo H Kamonseki, Justin L Staker, Rebekah L Lawrence, Paula R Camargo, Jonathan P Braman
Proper diagnosis is a first step in applying best available treatments, and prognosticating outcomes for clients. Currently, the majority of musculoskeletal diagnoses are classified according to pathoanatomy. However, the majority of physical therapy treatments are applied toward movement system impairments or pain. While advocated within the physical therapy profession for over thirty years, diagnostic classification within a movement system framework has not been uniformly developed or adopted. We propose a basic framework and rationale for application of a movement system diagnostic classification for atraumatic shoulder pain conditions, as a case for the broader development of movement system diagnostic labels...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158888/initial-evidence-that-non-clinical-autistic-traits-are-associated-with-lower-income
#14
William J Skylark, Simon Baron-Cohen
Among non-clinical samples, autistic traits correlate with a range of educational and social outcomes. However, previous work has not investigated the relationship between autistic traits and income, a key determinant of socio-economic status and well-being. In five studies (total N = 2491), we recruited participants without a diagnosis of autism from the general US population via an online platform and administered the short-form Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) as well as asked a range of demographic questions...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158709/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-body-mass-index-among-arab-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Bander Balkhi, Sultan AlGhadeer, Wael Mansy, Hisham AlSanawi, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi, Ibrahim Sales
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) puts patients at higher risk for obesity and diabetes. Poor health literacy is also associated with these conditions. Notably, weight loss is associated with improved ovulation and pregnancy rates for women with PCOS. In this study the association between health literacy and body mass index (BMI) among women with PCOS was examined. Methods: The health literacy of women with PCOS was measured using the Arabic version of the single item literacy screener (SILS) at a university medical center...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158708/medication-safety-officer-preparatory-course-outcomes-and-experiences
#16
Hisham Aljadhey, Salma Alkhani, Tahir Mehmood Khan
Purpose: Few hospitals employ a medication safety officer. A medication safety officer preparatory course was planned using a structured curriculum to prepare pharmacists with the knowledge and skills to start medication safety officer activities. The current study aims to assess the outcome, as change in knowledge, of a hospital medication safety officer preparatory course. Methods: We conducted a three-day course in February 2011 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It was developed to provide attendees with the essential knowledge and skills to become a medication safety officer...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158656/translating-the-birmingham-neighborhood-leaders-survey-into-innovative-action-through-the-community-health-innovation-awards
#17
Shauntice Allen, Alaina Pineda, Anthony C Hood, Jessica F Wakelee
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching describes community engagement as the collaboration between higher education institutions and their larger communities (local, regional/state, national, global) for the mutually beneficial exchange of knowledge and resources in a context of partnership. This article describes the development, implementation and outcomes of a community-engaged grant-making program, the Community Health Innovation Awards (CHIA). The CHIA program was the by-product of a qualitative study jointly led by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and neighborhood leaders from the surrounding communities in Birmingham, AL...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158435/symptom-diary-use-and-improved-survival-for-patients-with-heart-failure
#18
Linda G Park, Kathleen Dracup, Mary A Whooley, Charles McCulloch, Chengshi Jin, Debra K Moser, Robyn A Clark, Michele M Pelter, Martha Biddle, Jill Howie Esquivel
BACKGROUND: Attention to symptoms of weight gain and dyspnea are central tenets of patient education in heart failure (HF). However, it is not known whether diary use improves patient outcomes. The aims of this study were to compare mortality among rural patients with HF who completed versus did not complete a daily diary of weight and symptom self-assessment and to identify predictors of diary use. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a secondary analysis of a 3-arm randomized controlled trial on HF education of self-care with 2 intervention groups versus control who were given diaries for 24 months to track daily weight, HF symptoms, and response to symptom changes...
November 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158371/perception-of-curability-among-advanced-cancer-patients-an-international-collaborative-study
#19
Sriram Yennurajalingam, Luis Fernando Rodrigues, Omar Shamieh, Colombe Tricou, Marilène Filbet, Kyaw Naing, Akhileshwaran Ramaswamy, Pedro Emilio Perez-Cruz, Mary Jocelyn S Bautista, Sofia Bunge, Mary Ann Muckaden, Vikash Sewram, Sarah Fakrooden, Antonio Tejedor Noguera, Shobha S Rao, Diane Liu, Minjeong Park, Janet L Williams, Zhanni Lu, Hilda Cantu, David Hui, Suresh K Reddy, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on illness understanding and perception of cure among advanced cancer patients around the world. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with inaccurate perception of curability among advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care across the globe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of a study to understand the core concepts in end-of-life care among advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care from 11 countries across the world...
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157794/analgosedative-interventions-after-rapid-sequence-intubation-with-rocuronium-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Emily Kilber, Daniel H Jarrell, John C Sakles, Christopher J Edwards, Asad E Patanwala
OBJECTIVES: The use of etomidate and rocuronium for rapid sequence intubation (RSI) results in a duration of paralysis that exceeds the duration of sedation. The primary objective of this study was to compare the number of analgosedative (AGS) interventions early versus late post-RSI, with this drug combination. The secondary objective was to descriptively assess time to first AGS intervention. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in an academic ED in the United States between January 2015 and June 2016...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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