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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346744/2017-national-standards-for-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#1
Joni Beck, Deborah A Greenwood, Lori Blanton, Sandra T Bollinger, Marcene K Butcher, Jo Ellen Condon, Marjorie Cypress, Priscilla Faulkner, Amy Hess Fischl, Theresa Francis, Leslie E Kolb, Jodi M Lavin-Tompkins, Janice MacLeod, Melinda Maryniuk, Carolé Mensing, Eric A Orzeck, David D Pope, Jodi L Pulizzi, Ardis A Reed, Andrew S Rhinehart, Linda Siminerio, Jing Wang
Purpose The purpose of this study is to review the literature for Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES) to ensure the National Standards for DSMES (Standards) align with current evidence-based practices and utilization trends. Methods The 10 Standards were divided among 20 interdisciplinary workgroup members. Members searched the current research for diabetes education and support, behavioral health, clinical, health care environment, technical, reimbursement, and business practice for the strongest evidence that guided the Standards revision...
February 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346740/role-of-the-diabetes-educator-in-inpatient-diabetes-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
It is the position of American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) that all inpatient interdisciplinary teams include a diabetes educator to lead or support improvement efforts that affect patients hospitalized with diabetes or hyperglycemia. This not only encompasses patient and family education but education of interdisciplinary team members and achievement of diabetes-related organizational quality metrics and performance outcomes.
February 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346691/the-impact-of-near-peer-teaching-on-medical-students-transition-to-clerkships
#3
Alexander C Knobloch, Christy J W Ledford, Sean Wilkes, Adam K Saperstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to clerkships is one of the most challenging times during medical school. To help students better cope, many schools have established transition-to-clerkship curricula. Such curricula may optimally prepare students through increasing their self-efficacy and response efficacy. We hypothesized that a small-group, near-peer-led format would be ideally suited to help students achieve these outcomes. METHODS: During process improvement for a transition-to-clerkship curriculum, we conducted an informal focus group and subsequent survey of postclerkship students to guide curricular innovation, including incorporation of third- and fourth-year students as near-peer instructors in a seminar format...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346661/the-role-of-healthcare-and-education-systems-in-co-occurrence-of-health-risk-behaviours-in-27-european-countries
#4
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
Background: Contextual factors play an important role in health and related behaviours. This study aims to examine the association of co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours with healthcare and education contextual factors using nationally representative samples from 27 European countries. Methods: Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009. The outcome was a count variable ranging from 0 to 5 indicating co-occurrence of five health-risk behaviours, namely smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, non-frequent fresh fruit consumption, physical inactivity and non-dental check-ups...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346475/current-status-of-radiology-training-in-otolaryngology-residency-programs
#5
Kirkland N Lozada, Joseph M Bernstein
Importance: Otolaryngologists use head and neck imaging on a daily basis. However, little is known about the training residents receive on the subject. Understanding the current training environment is important to identify areas of improvement for resident education. Objective: To assess the current state of radiology training in otolaryngology residency programs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a cross-sectional survey of 106 otolaryngology residency program directors involving multiple academic institutions...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346359/a-systematic-review-of-leadership-training-for-medical-students
#6
Oscar Lyons, Bruce Su'a, Michelle Locke, Andrew Hill
BACKGROUND: Leadership is increasingly being recognised as an essential requirement for doctors. Many medical schools are in the process of developing formal leadership training programmes, but it remains to be elucidated what characteristics make such programmes effective, and to what extent current programmes are effective, beyond merely positive learner reactions. This review's objective was to investigate the effectiveness of undergraduate medical leadership curricula and to explore common features of effective curricula...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346186/fall-rates-in-urban-and-rural-nursing-units-does-location-matter
#7
Marianne Baernholdt, Ivora D Hinton, Guofen Yan, Wenjun Xin, Emily Cramer, Nancy Dunton
Patient falls remain a leading adverse event in hospitals. In a study of 65 rural hospitals with 222 nursing units and 560 urban hospitals with 4274 nursing units, we found that geographic region, unit type, and nurse staffing, education, experience, and outcomes were associated with fall rates. Implications include specific attention to fall prevention in rehabilitation units, creating better work environments that promote nurse retention, and provide RN-BSN educational opportunities.
January 16, 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345987/habitable-worlds-delivering-on-the-promises-of-online-education
#8
Lev B Horodyskyj, Chris Mead, Zack Belinson, Sanlyn Buxner, Steven Semken, Ariel D Anbar
Critical thinking and scientific reasoning are central to higher education in the United States, but many courses (in-person and online) teach students information about science much more than they teach the actual process of science and its associated knowledge and skills. In the online arena specifically, the tools available for course construction exacerbate this problem by making it difficult to build the types of active learning activities that research shows to be the most effective. Here, we present a report on Habitable Worlds, offered by Arizona State University for 12 semesters over the past 6 years...
January 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345413/hepatitis-b-screening-before-rituximab-therapy-a-multicentre-south-australian-study-of-adherence
#9
Samuel Al Hall, Abdul Shaikh, KailinTeh, Mahsa Tantiongco, Douglas Coghlan, Chris S Karapetis, Mohammad A Chinnaratha, Richard Woodman, Kate R Muller, Alan J Wigg
Background and Aims International guidelines recommend screening for Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prior to administration of rituximab, due to high risk of HBV reactivation in at risk patients. The aim of this study was to determine; (1) adherence to the South Australian (SA) protocol for HBV screening, (2) HBV prevalence in patients receiving rituximab, and (3) outcomes of patients at risk of HBV reactivation. METHODS: All patients commenced on rituximab at the 6 major SA public hospitals during a 12-month period were included in the study...
January 18, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#10
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344946/preeclampsia-and-scleroderma-a-prospective-nation-wide-analysis
#11
Mads Kamper-Jørgensen, Hilary S Gammill, J Lee Nelson
In a preliminary case-control study, women with scleroderma more frequently reported having had hypertensive complications during pregnancy compared with healthy women. To prospectively investigate this possible association, we conducted a nation-wide cohort analysis of a major hypertensive complication during pregnancy, namely preeclampsia, and later scleroderma. Analyses were based on Danish register-based birth and hospital contact data on preeclampsia and scleroderma. We followed 778,758 women from time of giving birth between 1978 and 2010 to end of follow-up, emigration, death, or scleroderma diagnosis, whichever occurred first...
January 18, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344838/association-between-human-brucellosis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#12
Nesrin Ghanem-Zoubi, Silvia Pessah Eljay, Emilia Anis, Mical Paul
To investigate the association between the incidence of human brucellosis (HB) and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs), a population-based, cross-sectional aggregate data study was conducted in Israel between 2010 and 2014. HB-endemic localities were matched by ethnicity, population size and socioeconomic status to localities with a low incidence of HB. We compared APO rates in high-incidence vs low-incidence localities. The primary outcome was intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD). Secondary outcomes were premature birth (less than 37 weeks), early or threatened labour and poor fetal growth...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344427/top-10-myths-about-telepsychiatry
#13
Donna Vanderpool
This ongoing column is dedicated to providing information to our readers on managing legal risks associated with medical practice. We invite questions from our readers. The answers are provided by PRMS, Inc. (www.prms.com), a manager of medical professional liability insurance programs with services that include risk management consultation, education and onsite risk management audits, and other resources to healthcare providers to help improve patient outcomes and reduce professional liability risk. The answers published in this column represent those of only one risk management consulting company...
September 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344393/effect-of-standardized-nursing-language-continuing-education-programme-on-nurses-documentation-of-care-at-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#14
Iyanuoluwa O Adubi, Adenike A Olaogun, Prisca O Adejumo
Aim: The study assessed the documentation of nursing care before, during and after the Standardized Nursing Language Continuing Education Programme (SNLCEP). It evaluates the differences in documentation of nursing care in different nursing specialty areas and assessed the influence of work experience on the quality of documentation of nursing care with a view to provide information on documentation of nursing care. The instrument used was an adapted scoring guide for nursing diagnosis, nursing intervention and nursing outcome (Q-DIO)...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344376/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-s-intervention-in-the-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Stefano Omboni, Marina Caserini
The pharmacist may play a relevant role in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, mainly through patient education and counselling, drug safety management, medication review, monitoring and reconciliation, detection and control of specific cardiovascular risk factors (eg, blood pressure, blood glucose, serum lipids) and clinical outcomes. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled and observational studies have documented an improved control of hypertension, dyslipidaemia or diabetes, smoking cessation and reduced hospitalisation in patients with heart failure, following a pharmacist's intervention...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344323/the-impact-of-quantitative-data-provided-by-a-multi-spectral-digital-skin-lesion-analysis-device-on-dermatologists-decisions-to-biopsy-pigmented-lesions
#16
Aaron S Farberg, Richard R Winkelmann, Natalie Tucker, Richard White, Darrell S Rigel
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of melanoma is critical to survival. New technologies, such as a multi-spectral digital skin lesion analysis (MSDSLA) device [MelaFind, STRATA Skin Sciences, Horsham, Pennsylvania] may be useful to enhance clinician evaluation of concerning pigmented skin lesions. Previous studies evaluated the effect of only the binary output. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine how decisions dermatologists make regarding pigmented lesion biopsies are impacted by providing both the underlying classifier score (CS) and associated probability risk provided by multi-spectral digital skin lesion analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343945/the-impact-of-pharmaceutical-interventions-on-the-rational-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-a-chinese-hospital
#17
Chuanwei Xin, Zhu Dong, Mengmeng Lin, Gong-Hua Li
Background: The prescriptions of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have raised concern due to both huge increase in medical expenditure and the possible long-term adverse events caused by them; therefore, an approach to taper off the irrational use of PPIs by patients is clinically warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmaceutical interventions on the rational use of PPIs. Patients and methods: A single-center, pre- to post-intervention study (pharmaceutical interventions group and control group) was performed in a Chinese hospital...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343192/coverage-and-outcomes-of-antenatal-tests-for-infections-a-population-based-survey-in-the-province-of-trento-italy
#19
Michela Dalmartello, Fabio Parazzini, Mariangela Pedron, Riccardo Pertile, Lucia Collini, Carlo La Vecchia, Silvano Piffer
BACKGROUND: Rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV), HIV, and Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infections may have very severe outcomes during pregnancy, and for this reason, monitoring of infections in pregnant women is a requirement of prenatal assistance. AIMS: To describe coverage and outcome of the screening for rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, CMV, HBV, HCV, HIV, and Group B Streptococcus in pregnancy in the Autonomous Province of Trento, Northern Italy (538,600 inhabitants)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343159/celebrating-40-years-of-medical-teacher-as-the-last-man-standing-i-look-back-to-help-us-look-forward
#20
Hilliard Jason
INTRODUCTION: In this reflective, descriptive, analytical, first-person piece, I offer recollections, data, and literature to help elucidate the emergence of medical education as a scholarly field, as part of celebrating Medical Teacher's 40-year anniversary. I emphasize the impressive growth of the professional literature in medical education, and recognize that much remains to be done. FINDINGS: Medical education as a domain for research and development has transitioned from being largely ignored during the first 20 of the past 60 years, through a slow growth phase, to rapid acceleration during the last 2 decades...
January 18, 2018: Medical Teacher
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