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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877140/risk-factors-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-associated-with-nonadherence-to-antiretrovirals-in-medicaid-insured-patients-with-hiv
#1
Keith Dunn, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Xiaolong Jiao, Hela Romdhani, Bruno Emond, Kimberly Woodruff, Jacqueline Pesa, Neeta Tandon, Patrick Lefebvre
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiretrovirals (ARVs) is critical to achieving durable virologic suppression. OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors of poor adherence and the effect of suboptimal adherence on health care resource utilization (HCRU) and costs in Medicaid patients. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted using Medicaid data. Adults (aged ≥ 18 years) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 initiating selected ARVs (index date) were identified...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876774/rapid-antigen-test-use-for-the-management-of-group-a-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-community-pharmacies
#2
Béatrice Demoré, Gianpiero Tebano, Julien Gravoulet, Christophe Wilcke, Eric Ruspini, Jacques Birgé, Jean-Marc Boivin, Sandrine Hénard, Annick Dieterling, Lidiana Munerol, Julie Husson, Christian Rabaud, Céline Pulcini, Sophie Malblanc
Despite group A streptococci being an infrequent cause of pharyngitis in adult outpatients, sore throat remains a common indication for antibiotic prescription. This prospective multicentre non-randomised study describes a community pharmacy-based antimicrobial stewardship intervention consisting in the implementation of rapid antigen testing (RAT) for the management of adults with sore throat. Trained pharmacists triaged patients presenting with symptoms of pharyngitis using the modified Centor score. Those at risk for streptococcal infection were tested with RAT...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846640/the-changing-landscape-of-travel-health-services-in-canada
#3
Yen-Giang Bui, Susan M Kuhn, Mariama Sow, Anne E McCarthy, Jennifer Geduld, François Milord
Canadians are increasingly travelling to areas that would necessitate a pre-travel consultation. Changes in professional regulations in Canada allow greater autonomy of nurses and pharmacists, resulting in shifts in provision of travel health services. We surveyed 824 Canadian travel clinics, 270 (33%) of whom responded. Private clinics were most common, and more likely to offer extended hours and drop-in appointments. In one province, pharmacies dominated. Half the services were relatively new and a similar proportion saw fewer than 10 patients weekly; 1/3 had a single provider...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804824/the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-hypertension-guideline-and-opportunities-for-community-pharmacists
#4
Dave L Dixon, Teresa M Salgado, Lauren M Caldas, Benjamin W Van Tassell, Evan M Sisson
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists to maximize the opportunities to improve the management of hypertension (HTN) in light of the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) HTN guideline. SUMMARY: In November 2017, the ACC and the AHA, along with 9 other professional organizations, released a comprehensive guideline on the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure (BP)...
May 24, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801716/-ipadam-quali-study-intervention-of-the-pharmacist-in-the-issue-of-self-medication-experience-of-pharmacy-team-focus-groups-and-patients-perceptions
#5
C Savanovitch, S Bedhomme, A Van Lander, C Prunet-Spano, B Vennat
OBJECTIVES: This study had two main aims: (i) document the experience of community pharmacists receiving a spontaneous request for ibuprofen and oral pseudoephedrine, and their use of pharmaceutical records, and (ii) explore patients' perceptions of pharmaceutical records and pharmaceutical interventions. METHODS: The study was conducted over two weeks between February and April 2014 in 482 community pharmacies and 8 French faculties of pharmacy. It was based on data collected by pharmacy team focus groups during patient telephone interviews using standardized question grids...
May 22, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799328/real-world-economic-outcomes-during-time-on-treatment-among-patients-who-initiated-sunitinib-or-pazopanib-as-first-targeted-therapy-for-advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medicare-claims-data
#6
Nicholas J Vogelzang, Sumanta K Pal, Sameer R Ghate, Nanxin Li, Elyse Swallow, Miranda Peeples, Miriam L Zichlin, Mark K Meiselbach, Jose Ricardo Perez, Neeraj Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The median age at renal cell carcinoma (RCC) diagnosis is 64 years. However, few studies have assessed the real-world time on treatment (TOT), health resource utilization (HRU), costs, or treatment compliance associated with targeted therapy use among patients in this age group with RCC. OBJECTIVE: To assess the HRU, costs, and compliance during TOT among Medicare patients aged ≥ 65 years with advanced RCC (aRCC) who initiated first targeted therapy with pazopanib or sunitinib...
June 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793706/evaluating-communication-skills-after-long-term-practical-training-among-japanese-pharmacy-students
#7
Hitomi Teramachi, Yoko Ino, Ikuto Sugita, Yuri Nishio, Aki Yoshida, Yuta Hayashi, Hiroki Esaki, Kosuke Saito, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Tomoya Tachi
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to assess pharmacy students' satisfaction with long-term practical training programs at hospital and community pharmacies and how these programs benefitted communication skills. METHODS: We asked 83 fifth-year pharmacy students to answer anonymous questionnaires assessing their satisfaction and perceived benefits of practical training and to complete Teramachi's Pharmacist Communication Skill Scale (TePSS-31), a measure of pharmacists' communication skills, after undergoing their practical training periods at hospital and community pharmacies in 2014...
April 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773308/collaboration-between-hospital-and-community-pharmacists-to-address-drug-related-problems-the-homecome-program
#8
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764647/a-preceptor-competency-framework-for-pharmacists-part-2-of-a-3-part-series
#9
REVIEW
Sheila Walter, Katrina Mulherin, Craig D Cox
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy faculties in Canada are transitioning to the doctor of pharmacy degree which will require approximately one-third of curricula contact time in experiential education. Preceptors will be responsible for delivering this experiential component and many have received little or no training in how to be an effective educator. Although training is mandated through accreditation standards, competencies to serve as a foundation for preceptor development have yet to be created...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747564/reduse-reducing-antipsychotic-and-benzodiazepine-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#10
Juanita L Westbury, Peter Gee, Tristan Ling, Donnamay T Brown, Katherine H Franks, Ivan Bindoff, Aidan Bindoff, Gregory M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a multi-strategic, interdisciplinary intervention on antipsychotic and benzodiazepine prescribing in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Design, setting: Prospective, longitudinal intervention in Australian RACFs, April 2014 - March 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 150 RACFs (with 12 157 residents) comprised the main participant group; two further groups were consultant pharmacists (staff education) and community pharmacies (prescribing data)...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743781/catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-effects-of-out-of-pocket-expenses-a-comparative-study-of-tannery-and-non-tannery-workers-of-kanpur-india
#11
Gyan C Kashyap, Shri K Singh, Santosh K Sharma
Purpose: Treatment-seeking behaviors and economic burden because of health expenditure are widely discussed issues in India, and more so in recent times. The aim of this study is to identify health problems of tannery workers and their treatment-seeking behavior and their health expenditure. Data and Methods: The primary data used in this article were collected through a cross-sectional household survey of 284 male tannery workers in the Jajmau area of Kanpur city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, during January-June 2015...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721738/patient-pharmacist-communication-during-a-post-discharge-pharmacist-home-visit
#12
Hendrik T Ensing, Marcia Vervloet, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy, Ellen S Koster
Background With the shifting role of community pharmacists towards patient education and counselling, they are well-positioned to conduct a post-discharge home visit which could prevent or solve drug-related problems. Gaining insight into the communication during these home visits could be valuable for optimizing and consequently improving patient safety at readmission to primary care. Objective To assess patient-pharmacist communication during a post-discharge home visit. Setting The homes of patients recently discharged from a single general hospital in the Netherlands...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716411/characterization-of-pharmacy-resident-interventions-on-an-academic-inpatient-internal-medicine-rotation
#13
Sarah E Petite
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical interventions of postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) pharmacy residents on a required, 1-month, inpatient adult internal medicine service at an academic medical center. METHODS: The interventions completed by PGY-1 pharmacy residents on a required, adult internal medicine rotation were analyzed. Documentation of clinical interventions was performed by the PGY-1 residents, and the significance of the intervention was subsequently determined...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694270/higher-incidence-rates-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-compared-with-the-general-population-using-u-s-administrative-claims-data
#14
Jeffrey Kaine, Xue Song, Gilwan Kim, Peter Hur, Jacqueline B Palmer
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is associated with multiple comorbid conditions, including cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities that impose a considerable burden on patients. Effective management of PsA requires an understanding of comorbidity profiles. OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency and incidence rates of comorbidities and hospitalizations among newly diagnosed PsA patients and a matched general population without PsA, using large national claims databases in the United States...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692605/preferences-and-attitudes-of-older-adults-of-bialystok-poland-toward-the-use-of-over-the-counter-drugs
#15
Mateusz Cybulski, Lukasz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Magda Orzechowska, Urszula Cwalina
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess preferences and attitudes toward the use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs among residents of Bialystok aged 60 or older. Patients and methods: The study included 170 people, inhabitants of Bialystok aged over 60: 85 students of the University of a Healthy Senior and the University of Psychogeriatric Prophylaxis, and 85 students of the University of the Third Age in Bialystok. The study made use of a diagnostic survey conducted via a questionnaire prepared by the authors...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681255/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-community-pharmacy-signposting-service-to-a-commercial-weight-loss-provider
#16
Jackie Inch, Alison Avenell, Lorna Aucott, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVE: Community pharmacies could provide access for clients to commercial weight management organizations. We evaluated recruitment, referral and outcomes of adults provided with free vouchers by community pharmacies to attend Scottish Slimmers classes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort design with qualitative interviews with clients and pharmacy personnel. Scottish Slimmers collected weight and attendance data. SETTING: Pharmacies in Aberdeen City, Scotland...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621836/a-systematic-review-of-coding-systems-used-in-pharmacoepidemiology-and-database-research
#17
Yong Chen, Marko Zivkovic, Tongtong Wang, Su Su, Jianyi Lee, Edward A Bortnichak
BACKGROUND: Clinical coding systems have been developed to translate real-world healthcare information such as prescriptions, diagnoses and procedures into standardized codes appropriate for use in large healthcare datasets. Due to the lack of information on coding system characteristics and insufficient uniformity in coding practices, there is a growing need for better understanding of coding systems and their use in pharmacoepidemiology and observational real world data research. OBJECTIVES: To determine: 1) the number of available coding systems and their characteristics, 2) which pharmacoepidemiology databases are they adopted in, 3) what outcomes and exposures can be identified from each coding system, and 4) how robust they are with respect to consistency and validity in pharmacoepidemiology and observational database studies...
February 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617486/-structure-of-primary-healthcare-units-for-treating-persons-with-diabetes-cycles-i-and-ii-of-the-brazilian-national-program-to-improve-access-and-quality
#18
Rosália Garcia Neves, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Javier Muñiz, Teresa Rosalia Pérez Castro, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Elaine Tomasi
The objective was to describe the necessary structure for treating diabetes patients in the primary healthcare system, as evaluated in Cycles I and II of the Brazilian National Program for the Improvement of Access and Quality (PMAQ) in 2012 and 2014, according to the municipalities' characteristics. A descriptive study was used to assess primary care units whose teams participated in Cycles I and II of the PMAQ in 2012 and 2014. The study used variables from Module I of the external evaluation of the PMAQ that addresses the primary care units' structure...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614888/service-quality-and-perceived-customer-value-in-community-pharmacies
#19
Dennis Guhl, Katharina E Blankart, Tom Stargardt
A patient's perception of the service provided by a health care provider is essential for the successful delivery of health care. This study examines the value created by community pharmacies-defined as perceived customer value-in the prescription drug market through varying elements of service quality. We develop a path model that describes the relationship between service elements and perceived customer value. We then analyze the effect of perceived customer value on customer satisfaction and loyalty. We use data obtained from 289 standardized interviews on respondents' prescription fill in the last six months in Germany...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610052/the-pharmacy-care-plan-service-service-evaluation-and-estimate-of-cost-effectiveness
#20
Michael J Twigg, David Wright, Garry Barton, Charlotte L Kirkdale, Tracey Thornley
BACKGROUND: The UK Community Pharmacy Future group developed the Pharmacy Care Plan (PCP) service with a focus on patient activation, goal setting and therapy management. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the PCP service from a health services perspective. METHODS: Patients over 50 years of age prescribed one or more medicines including at least one for cardiovascular disease or diabetes were eligible. Medication review and person-centred consultation resulted in agreed health goals and actions towards achieving them...
March 23, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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