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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614952/phirst-trial-pharmacist-consults-prioritization-of-hiv-patients-with-a-referral-screening-tool
#1
Catherine Awad, Arnaud Canneva, Charles-Olivier Chiasson, Annie Galarneau, Mireille E Schnitzer, Nancy L Sheehan, Alison Yj Wong
The role of pharmacists in HIV outpatient clinics has greatly increased in the past decades. Given the limited resources of the health system, the prioritization of pharmacist consults is now a main concern. This study aimed to create a scoring system allowing for standardized prioritization of pharmacist consults for patients living with HIV. Data was retrospectively collected from 200 HIV patients attending the Chronic Viral Illness Service at the McGill University Health Center. An expert panel consisting of four pharmacists working in the field of HIV prioritized each patient individually, after which a consensus was established and was considered as the gold standard...
June 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595685/implementing-psychopharmacology-rounds-in-a-nursing-facility-to-improve-antipsychotic-usage
#2
Evan Sasson, Marian James, Berhane Wubshet, Darko Todorov, Henry Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate whether implementing of pharmacy-led psychopharmacology rounds in a nursing facility will improve the rate of antipsychotic use. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective; medication use evaluation (MUE). SETTING: Rutland Nursing Home, Brooklyn, New York. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing facility residents, excluding the pediatric unit. INTERVENTIONS: Weekly interdisciplinary psychopharmacology rounds that include: clinical pharmacists, nurse managers, medical director, social workers, and administration...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569658/long-term-care-safe-drug-handling-of-oral-chemotherapy
#3
Tali M Johnson
Many oral chemotherapy agents have been approved over the last 15 years and are displacing or augmenting parenteral chemotherapy. As 8,000 Baby Boomers turn 65 years of age every day, more elders will migrate to long-term care and assisted living facilities, and consultant pharmacists may need to manage chemotherapy for the first time. Though many therapeutic classes of oral drugs are hazardous, the majority of oral chemotherapy agents are hazardous by virtue of their mechanisms of action. Previous hazardous drug-handling recommendations from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association, and the Oncology Nursing Society have matured into new standards from the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), Chapter <800>, "Hazardous Drugs-Handling in Health Care Settings...
February 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544204/receipt-and-use-of-spoken-and-written-over-the-counter-medicine-information-insights-into-australian-and-uk-consumers-experiences
#4
Vivien Tong, David K Raynor, Parisa Aslani
OBJECTIVES: To explore Australian and UK consumers' receipt and use of spoken and written medicine information and examine the role of leaflets for consumers of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 37 Australian and 39 UK consumers to explore information received with their most recent OTC medicine purchase, and how information was used at different times post-purchase. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535380/development-of-an-international-comorbidity-education-framework
#5
C Lawson, S Pati, J Green, G Messina, A Strömberg, N Nante, D Golinelli, A Verzuri, S White, T Jaarsma, P Walsh, P Lonsdale, U T Kadam
CONTEXT: The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. AIM: Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535103/value-frameworks-for-the-patient-provider-interaction-a-comparison-of-the-asco-value-framework-versus-nccn-evidence-blocks-in-determining-value-in-oncology
#6
Bijal Shah-Manek, Joseph S Galanto, Huong Nguyen, Robert Ignoffo
BACKGROUND: To address the rising concern about oncology drug costs, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recently developed unique tools to help providers and patients make informed decisions about the value of an anticancer regimen. The ASCO Value Framework (AVF) allows users to generate a net health benefit (NHB) score along with drug acquisition costs for oncology regimens that have been compared in a prospective randomized clinical trial...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530521/the-direct-cost-of-managing-a-rare-disease-assessing-medical-and-pharmacy-costs-associated-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-in-the-united-states
#7
Sarah Thayer, Christopher Bell, Craig M McDonald
BACKGROUND: A Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) cohort was identified using a claims-based algorithm to estimate health care utilization and costs for commercially insured DMD patients in the United States. Previous analyses have used broad diagnosis codes that include a range of muscular dystrophy types as a proxy to estimate the burden of DMD. OBJECTIVE: To estimate DMD-associated resource utilization and costs in a sample of patients identified via a claims-based algorithm using diagnosis codes, pharmacy prescriptions, and procedure codes unique to DMD management based on DMD clinical milestones...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530520/cardiovascular-disease-and-gout-real-world-experience-evaluating-patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-health-care-utilization
#8
Michael H Pillinger, Sripal Bangalore, Alyssa B Klein, Scott Baumgartner, Robert Morlock
BACKGROUND: Gout, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and while they share common risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, relatively little is known about what patient and disease characteristics may link CVD with hyperuricemia and gout and how the presence of both diseases affects management decisions differently than for patients with gout alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in patient characteristics, patterns of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) use, and gout control in gout patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidity...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530519/does-a-one-size-fits-all-cost-sharing-approach-incentivize-appropriate-medication-use-a-roundtable-on-the-fairness-and-ethics-associated-with-variable-cost-sharing
#9
Jennifer S Graff, Chuck Shih, Thomas Barker, Gabriela Dieguez, Cheryl Larson, Helen Sherman, Robert W Dubois
BACKGROUND: Tiered formularies, in which patients pay copays or coinsurance out-of-pocket (OOP), are used to manage costs and encourage more efficient health care resource use. Formulary tiers are typically based on the cost of treatment rather than the medical appropriateness for the patient. Cost sharing may have unintended consequences on treatment adherence and health outcomes. Use of higher-cost, higher-tier medications can be due to a variety of factors, including unsuccessful treatment because of lack of efficacy or side effects, patient clinical or genetic characteristics, patient preferences to avoid potential side effects, or patient preferences based on the route of administration...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515506/impact-of-pharmacy-practice-model-expansion-on-pharmacokinetic-services-optimization-of-vancomycin-dosing-and-improved-patient-safety
#10
Zhe Han, Natasha N Pettit, Emily M Landon, Benjamin D Brielmaier
Background: The impact of pharmacy interventions on optimizing vancomycin therapy has been described, however interventions vary among studies and the most optimal pharmacy practice model (PPM) for pharmacokinetic (PK) services has not been established. Objective: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the value of 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (24/7) PK services. Methods: New PK services were implemented in 2 phases with institutional PPM expansion. Phase 1 included universal monitoring by pharmacists with recommendations made to prescribers during business hours...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506398/integration-of-pharmacists-into-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-texas
#11
Shui Ling Wong, Jamie C Barner, Kristina Sucic, Michelle Nguyen, Karen L Rascati
OBJECTIVES: To describe the integration and implementation of pharmacy services in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) as adopted by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and compare them with usual care (UC). SETTING: Four FQHCs (3 PCMHs, 1 UC) in Austin, TX, that provide care to the underserved populations. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists have worked under a collaborative practice agreement with internal medicine physicians since 2005...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503269/an-assessment-of-patient-waiting-and-consultation-time-in-a-primary-healthcare-clinic
#12
B A Ahmad, K Khairatul, A Farnaza
Waiting is a common phenomenon in the doctor's waiting room. The purpose of this audit is to assess patient waiting time and doctor consultation time in a primary healthcare clinic and to formulate strategies for improvement. This audit was conducted at a primary care clinic for 4 weeks using the universal sampling method. All patients who attended the clinic during this period was included in the study except for those who required more time to be seen such as those who were critically ill, aggressive or those who came for repeat medication or procedures only without needing to see the doctor...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503221/management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-retail-drug-outlets-within-a-nigerian-community-a-descriptive-study
#13
Samirah N Abdu-Aguye, Aishatu Shehu, Ubaidullah I Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to describe attitudes and practices of both community pharmacies and patent and proprietary medicine vendor (PPMV) outlets towards over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic use for musculoskeletal pain states within Zaria, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2 phases from May to August 2016. Phase one was a cross-sectional survey of 40 retail drug outlets (10 community pharmacies and 30 PPMVs). A simulated patient scenario of a young adult male complaining of acute onset back pain was used to collect data on the type and quality of analgesic recommended, duration of consultation, as well as nature of information provided during the drug dispensing process...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502506/attitudes-and-actions-a-survey-to-assess-statin-use-among-finnish-patients-with-increased-risk-for-cardiovascular-events
#14
Reija Silvennoinen, Juha H Turunen, Petri T Kovanen, Mikko Syvänne, Matti J Tikkanen
BACKGROUND: Statins are the first-line treatment for lowering serum cholesterol and preventing coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients who fail to comply with the prescribed statin treatment face a markedly increased risk for cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the article was to study the subjective factors, which modulate persistence with and adherence to statin therapy among Finnish patients at high risk for cardiovascular events. METHODS: A total of 1022 Finnish adults diagnosed with CAD, diabetes, hypertension, or severe hereditary dyslipidemia completed an electronic questionnaire survey during a visit in 1 of the 84 community pharmacies participating in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485536/an-innovative-framework-to-improve-teratogenic-medication-risk-counseling
#15
Swati Shroff, Melissa McNeil, Sonya Borrero
Health care providers in the Veterans Affairs system are caring for a growing number of women of childbearing age. Prior research shows that a significant number of women veterans are prescribed category D or X teratogenic medications. However, the majority do not receive teratogenic risk or contraceptive counseling. In order to improve teratogenic medication prescribing practices at the Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, we developed a framework called TARCC to guide primary care providers through appropriate teratogenic risk counseling...
May 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478747/creation-of-a-virtual-antidotes-network-between-pharmacy-departments-of-catalan-hospitals
#16
Raquel Aguilar-Salmerón, Edurne Fernández de Gamarra-Martínez, Milagros García-Peláez, Antoni Broto-Sumalla, Lidia Martínez-Sánchez, Santiago Nogué-Xarau
Objetive: To design a virtual antidote network between hospitals that could help to locate on-line those hospitals that stocked those antidotes with the highest difficulty in terms of availability, and ensured that the medication was loaned in case of necessity. METHODS: The application was developed by four hospital pharmacists and two clinical toxicologists with the support of a Healthcare Informatics Consultant Company. RESULTS: The antidotes network in Catalonia, Spain, was launched in July 2015...
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473208/-working-conditions-in-outpatient-clinics-adjacent-to-private-pharmacies-in-mexico-city-perspective-of-physicians
#17
Sandra P Díaz-Portillo, Hortensia Reyes-Morales, Silvia Magali Cuadra-Hernández, Álvaro J Idrovo, Gustavo Nigenda, Anahí Dreser
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the working conditions of physicians in outpatient clinics adjacent to pharmacies (CAFs) and their organizational elements from their own perspective. METHODS: We carried out an exploratory qualitative study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 CAF physicians in Mexico City. A directed content analysis technique was used based on previously built and emerging codes which were related to the experience of the subjects in their work...
May 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471795/development-of-a-tool-to-identify-problems-related-to-medication-adherence-in-home-healthcare-patients
#18
Kathryn R Mahan, Jeffrey A Clark, Kurt D Anderson, Nolan J Koller, Brian J Gates
In the home healthcare setting, clinicians are required to evaluate patient's medication therapy, including adherence. To facilitate this conversation, a pilot question list to help uncover potential medication nonadherence was created after completing a review of the literature and ascertaining the common themes as to why patients were nonadherent to their medication therapies. Pharmacy personnel who provide onsite consultations in a home healthcare setting used the question list to identify medication-related problems that could contribute to nonadherence and to document potential solutions...
May 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458291/similarities-of-water-soluble-vitamin-components-among-non-prescription-pharmaceutical-vitamin-products-generally-available-on-the-domestic-market
#19
Keiichiro Suzuki, Moeko Kojina, Tetsuya Aiba
 Similarities among non-prescription pharmaceutical vitamin products generally available in community pharmacies were examined based on their vitamin components, and a chart was constructed to differentiate products to assist in appropriate product choice. In the analysis of the similarities, two hundred and seventy-six data entries on vitamin products were extracted from the database on the package inserts of the pharmaceutical products provided by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, and they were reviewed for the amounts of vitamins they contained, in which the B vitamins, or vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12, and niacin, were considered as well as vitamins C and E...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448784/a-motivational-interviewing-intervention-by-pharmacy-students-to-improve-medication-adherence
#20
Susan Abughosh, Xin Wang, Omar Serna, Tara Esse, Amanda Mann, Santhi Masilamani, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Ekere James Essien, Marc Fleming
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with comorbid hypertension (HTN) are at a higher risk of developing microvascular and macrovascular DM complications. Through guideline-driven recommendations, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are highly recommended for these patients. Unfortunately, medication adherence to these products, though crucial to achieving therapeutic benefit, is frequently suboptimal. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a patient-centered collaborative communication style that is used to strengthen internal motivation for change that may prove effective in enhancing adherence...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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