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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681255/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-community-pharmacy-signposting-service-to-a-commercial-weight-loss-provider
#1
Jackie Inch, Alison Avenell, Lorna Aucott, Margaret C Watson
OBJECTIVE: Community pharmacies could provide access for clients to commercial weight management organizations. We evaluated recruitment, referral and outcomes of adults provided with free vouchers by community pharmacies to attend Scottish Slimmers classes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort design with qualitative interviews with clients and pharmacy personnel. Scottish Slimmers collected weight and attendance data. SETTING: Pharmacies in Aberdeen City, Scotland...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621836/a-systematic-review-of-coding-systems-used-in-pharmacoepidemiology-and-database-research
#2
Yong Chen, Marko Zivkovic, Tongtong Wang, Su Su, Jianyi Lee, Edward A Bortnichak
BACKGROUND: Clinical coding systems have been developed to translate real-world healthcare information such as prescriptions, diagnoses and procedures into standardized codes appropriate for use in large healthcare datasets. Due to the lack of information on coding system characteristics and insufficient uniformity in coding practices, there is a growing need for better understanding of coding systems and their use in pharmacoepidemiology and observational real world data research. OBJECTIVES: To determine: 1) the number of available coding systems and their characteristics, 2) which pharmacoepidemiology databases are they adopted in, 3) what outcomes and exposures can be identified from each coding system, and 4) how robust they are with respect to consistency and validity in pharmacoepidemiology and observational database studies...
February 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617486/-structure-of-primary-healthcare-units-for-treating-persons-with-diabetes-cycles-i-and-ii-of-the-brazilian-national-program-to-improve-access-and-quality
#3
Rosália Garcia Neves, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Javier Muñiz, Teresa Rosalia Pérez Castro, Luiz Augusto Facchini, Elaine Tomasi
The objective was to describe the necessary structure for treating diabetes patients in the primary healthcare system, as evaluated in Cycles I and II of the Brazilian National Program for the Improvement of Access and Quality (PMAQ) in 2012 and 2014, according to the municipalities' characteristics. A descriptive study was used to assess primary care units whose teams participated in Cycles I and II of the PMAQ in 2012 and 2014. The study used variables from Module I of the external evaluation of the PMAQ that addresses the primary care units' structure...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614888/service-quality-and-perceived-customer-value-in-community-pharmacies
#4
Dennis Guhl, Katharina E Blankart, Tom Stargardt
A patient's perception of the service provided by a health care provider is essential for the successful delivery of health care. This study examines the value created by community pharmacies-defined as perceived customer value-in the prescription drug market through varying elements of service quality. We develop a path model that describes the relationship between service elements and perceived customer value. We then analyze the effect of perceived customer value on customer satisfaction and loyalty. We use data obtained from 289 standardized interviews on respondents' prescription fill in the last six months in Germany...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610052/the-pharmacy-care-plan-service-service-evaluation-and-estimate-of-cost-effectiveness
#5
Michael J Twigg, David Wright, Garry Barton, Charlotte L Kirkdale, Tracey Thornley
BACKGROUND: The UK Community Pharmacy Future group developed the Pharmacy Care Plan (PCP) service with a focus on patient activation, goal setting and therapy management. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the PCP service from a health services perspective. METHODS: Patients over 50 years of age prescribed one or more medicines including at least one for cardiovascular disease or diabetes were eligible. Medication review and person-centred consultation resulted in agreed health goals and actions towards achieving them...
March 23, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605946/pharmacist-supply-of-sildenafil-pharmacist-s-experiences-and-perceptions-on-training-and-tools-for-supply
#6
Rhiannon Braund, Kaushalya Ratnayake, Katie Tong, Jackie Song, Stephen Chai, Natalie Gauld
Background In 2014, New Zealand reclassified sildenafil (for erectile dysfunction) to allow supply by specially trained pharmacists under strict criteria. Objective The study aimed to determine pharmacists' experiences and perspectives on the training for, and supply of sildenafil under this model. Setting New Zealand community pharmacy. Method This qualitative study captured data with a semi-structured interview used with purposively-sampled participants. A maximum variation sample was used to select a wide range of pharmacists working in various pharmacies, including pharmacists who were trained to provide sildenafil and those not trained to supply sildenafil...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602745/implementation-of-a-pharmacist-led-pharmacogenomics-service-for-the-program-of-all-inclusive-care-for-the-elderly-pharm-genome-pace
#7
Kevin T Bain, Emily J Schwartz, Orsula V Knowlton, Calvin H Knowlton, Jacques Turgeon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of implementing a pharmacist-led pharmacogenomics (PGx) service for the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). SETTING: A national centralized pharmacy providing PGx services to community-based PACE centers. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Individuals 55 years of age and older enrolled in PACE who underwent PGx testing as part of their medical care (n = 296). PRACTICE INNOVATION: Pharmacist-led PGx testing, interpreting, and consulting...
March 27, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587608/a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-pharmacy-impact-of-implementing-a-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-or-vomiting-collaborative-disease-therapy-management-in-the-outpatient-oncology-clinics
#8
Kasey Jackson, Cathy Letton, Andy Maldonado, Andrew Bodiford, Amy Sion, Rebekah Hartwell, Anastasia Graham, Carolyn Bondarenka, Lynn Uber
Background Collaborative drug therapy management is a formal partnership between a pharmacist and physician to allow the pharmacist to manage a patient's drug therapy. Literature supports collaborative disease therapy management can improve patient outcomes, improve medication adherence, enhance medication safety, and positively influence healthcare expenditures. Chemotherapy induced nausea or vomiting is considered one of the most distressing and feared adverse events among patients receiving chemotherapy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578854/increasing-access-to-hepatitis-c-virus-medications-a-program-model-using-patient-navigators-and-specialty-pharmacy-to-obtain-prior-authorization-approval
#9
Trang M Vu, Wilma Toribio, Farah Riazi, Genesis Ciprian, Nathalia Gibbs, Martha Giardina, Jocelyn A Camacho, Korin Parrella, Joy Cambe, Catherine Amory, Rachel Chasan, Keith M Sigel, Jeffrey J Weiss
BACKGROUND: Obtaining prior authorization (PA) approval for the new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) hepatitis C medications is time consuming and requires specific expertise. Our primary care-based program treats hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients at an urban academic medical center and employs patient navigators trained in the PA process who collaborate with a nurse and specialty pharmacy to manage the PA process. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the rate of PA approvals for our programmatic model and determine potential predictors of PA approval...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566014/pattern-of-medication-selling-and-self-medication-practices-a-study-from-punjab-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Majid Aziz, Imran Masood, Mahreen Yousaf, Hammad Saleem, Dan Ye, Yu Fang
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines without prescription is a major contributing factor for self-medication practices. This study was designed to examine the ratio of non-prescribed medicines sales and self-medication practices in Punjab, Pakistan. This study also evaluates the reasons for self-medication within its communities. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 272 systemically selected pharmacies to analyze medicines-related sales, with or without prescription...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557701/treatment-patterns-among-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-treated-with-a-biologic-in-the-united-states-descriptive-analyses-from-an-administrative-claims-database
#11
Jessica A Walsh, Oluwakayode Adejoro, Benjamin Chastek, Jacqueline B Palmer, Peter Hur
BACKGROUND: In patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), limited data exist regarding patterns of biologic therapy use. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment patterns and therapy modifications in U.S. patients with PsA receiving a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) or an anti-interleukin (IL)-12/23 inhibitor. METHODS: Adults with PsA who newly initiated a biologic therapy (index biologic) between January 1, 2013, and January 31, 2015, were included from the Optum Research Database...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552836/-establishment-and-verification-of-risk-assessment-scale-for-clinical-safety-medication-of-aconitine
#12
Rui Jin, Yu-Guang Wang, Bing Zhang
Chinese patent medicine containing aconitine is the key in clinical rational drug use. These drugs contain Chuanwu, Caowu or Fuzi, and Aconitum brachypodum with functions of expelling wind-dampness or tonifying Yang, all of which shall be used by strictly following the indications and dosage. However, there are many kinds of such drugs. Not only the unfamiliar knowledge of some Chinese and Western physicians about the characteristics of them, but also the combination of multiple drugs from different clinical departments, would increase the risk of aconitine poisoning...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514771/development-of-ehome-a-mobile-instrument-for-reporting-monitoring-and-consulting-drug-related-problems-in-home-care-human-centered-design-study
#13
Nienke Elske Dijkstra, Carolina Geertruida Maria Sino, Eibert Rob Heerdink, Marieke Joanna Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Home care patients often use many medications and are prone to drug-related problems (DRPs). For the management of problems related to drug use, home care could add to the multidisciplinary expertise of general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists. The home care observation of medication-related problems by home care employees (HOME)-instrument is paper-based and assists home care workers in reporting potential DRPs. To facilitate the multiprofessional consultation, a digital report of DRPs from the HOME-instrument and digital monitoring and consulting of DRPs between home care and general practices and pharmacies is desired...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514274/treatment-of-infections-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-report-of-the-british-society-for-antimicrobial-chemotherapy-healthcare-infection-society-british-infection-association-joint-working-party
#14
Peter M Hawkey, Roderic E Warren, David M Livermore, Cliodna A M McNulty, David A Enoch, Jonathan A Otter, A Peter R Wilson
The Working Party makes more than 100 tabulated recommendations in antimicrobial prescribing for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and suggest further research, and algorithms for hospital and community antimicrobial usage in urinary infection. The international definition of MDR is complex, unsatisfactory and hinders the setting and monitoring of improvement programmes. We give a new definition of multiresistance. The background information on the mechanisms, global spread and UK prevalence of antibiotic prescribing and resistance has been systematically reviewed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479766/how-do-patients-with-cancer-pain-view-community-pharmacy-services-an-interview-study
#15
Zoe Edwards, Alison Blenkinsopp, Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett
Pain experienced by many patients with advanced cancer is often not well controlled and community pharmacists are potentially well placed to provide support. The study objective was to explore the views and experiences of patients with advanced cancer about community pharmacies, their services and attitudes towards having a community pharmacist pain medicines consultation. Purposive sampling of GP clinical information systems was used to recruit patients with advanced cancer, living in the community and receiving opioid analgesics in one area of England, UK between January 2015 and July 2016...
February 26, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468528/the-influence-of-pharmacist-led-adherence-support-on-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Mangesh Kharjul, Rhiannon Braund, James Green
Background Adherence to treatment is important to achieve target outcomes, particularly for those with type 2 diabetes. Pharmacists are well placed to enhance adherence, however evidence of the impact on clinical outcomes is not well known. Objective To determine the impact of an adherence support service on adherence scores and subsequent clinical biomarkers (HbA1c). Setting Community pharmacies providing a Medicines Use Review (MUR) Service in a New Zealand locality. Methods Records of patients receiving MURs between 2007 and 2012 were obtained from a single locality...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438547/effectiveness-of-general-practitioner-online-training-and-an-information-booklet-for-parents-on-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-with-respiratory-tract-infection-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Anne R J Dekker, Theo J M Verheij, Berna D L Broekhuizen, Christopher C Butler, Jochen W L Cals, Nick A Francis, Paul Little, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Lucy Yardley, Nicolaas P A Zuithoff, Alike W van der Velden
Objectives: Antibiotics are too often prescribed in childhood respiratory tract infection (RTI), despite limited effectiveness, potential side effects and bacterial resistance. We aimed to reduce antibiotic prescribing for children with RTI by online training for general practitioners (GPs) and information for parents. Methods: A pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial in primary care. The intervention consisted of online training for GPs and an information booklet for parents...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436260/treatment-patterns-and-associated-health-care-costs-before-and-after-treatment-initiation-among-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients-in-the-united-states
#18
Charles D Burger, A Burak Ozbay, Howard M Lazarus, Ellen Riehle, Leslie B Montejano, Gregory Lenhart, R James White
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple treatment options, the prognosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains poor. PAH patients experience a high economic burden due to comorbidities, hospitalizations, and medication costs. Although combination therapy has been shown to reduce hospitalizations, the relationship between treatment, health care utilization, and costs remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To provide a characterization of health care utilization and costs in real-world settings by comparing periods before and after initiating PAH-specific treatment...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423188/availability-of-brands-of-six-essential-medicines-in-124-pharmacies-in-maharashtra
#19
Colin Millard, Abhay B Kadam, Rushikesh Mahajan, Allyson M Pollock, Petra Brhlikova
Background: The aim of this study is to assess the availability and rational use of six essential medicines in private retail outlets in Maharashtra state. The study focuses on the range of brands for each medicine, and the availability of these brands in the pharmacies. The medicines were chosen because they are included in the World Health Organization's (WHO) essential medicines list (EML), the Indian national and Maharashtra state medicines list, and are all included in existing Indian public health initiatives and national disease control programmes...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408979/the-provision-of-seven-day-multidisciplinary-staffing-in-scottish-acute-medical-units-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
L E M Reid, N I Lone, Z J Morrison, C J Weir, M C Jones
Background: Acute medical units (AMUs) are a central component of the admission pathway for the majority of medical patients presenting to hospital in the United Kingdom (UK) and other international settings. Detail on multidisciplinary staffing provision on weekdays and weekends is lacking. Equity of staffing across seven days is a strategic priority for national health services in the UK. Aim: To evaluate weekday compared with weekend multidisciplinary staffing in a national set of AMUs...
February 2, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
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