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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899830/the-development-of-the-croatian-competency-framework-for-pharmacists
#1
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Tihana Govorčinović, Martina Šarić, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates
Objective. To adjust and validate the Global Competency Framework (GbCF) to be relevant for Croatian community and hospital pharmacists. Methods. A descriptive study was conducted in three steps: translation, consensus development, and validation by an expert panel and public consultation. Panel members were representatives from community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, regulatory and professional bodies, academia, and industry. Results. The adapted framework consists of 96 behavioral statements organized in four clusters: Pharmaceutical Public Health, Pharmaceutical Care, Organization and Management, and Personal and Professional Competencies...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889395/-analysis-of-direct-medical-costs-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mali
#2
K Alouki, H Delisle, S Besançon
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is rapidly increasing in Africa, but it is still rather neglected. Demonstrating the medical costs for treating type 2 diabetes would be useful for improving awareness and proposing solutions. The purpose of this study was to compare the estimated medical costs for basic chronic treatment and the actual expenditures of diabetic patients, and to identify determinants of these expenditures. METHODS: The estimated medical costs were based on price data collected from three public hospitals and their pharmacies (one university and two district hospitals), as well as from three private clinics and three private pharmacies, in Bamako...
November 23, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882840/a-comparison-of-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-on-single-product-or-free-combination-therapy-of-intranasal-steroids-and-intranasal-antihistamines
#3
Brooke Harrow, Ahmad R Sedaghat, Amanda Caldwell-Tarr, Robert Dufour
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common condition that can be treated with a number of different therapies. Treatments such as intranasal antihistamines (INAs) and intranasal steroids (INSs) are widely used by AR patients. For some allergy sufferers, a combination of therapies, specifically an INA and an INS, is required to address their symptoms. A new treatment, the formulation of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone pro-pionate used as a single spray (MP-AzeFlu), has become available for AR patients who need both types of treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882832/geographic-variation-in-the-quality-and-cost-of-care-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Jason Shafrin, Arijit Ganguli, Yuri Sanchez Gonzalez, Jin Joo Shim, Seth A Seabury
BACKGROUND: There is considerable push to improve value in health care by simultaneously increasing quality while lowering or containing costs. However, for diseases that are best treated with comparatively expensive treatments, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there could be tension between these aims. In this study, we measured geographic variation in quality, access, and cost for patients with RA, a disease with effective but costly specialty treatments. OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographic differences in the quality, access, and cost of care for patients with RA...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#5
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843108/pharmacist-intervention-in-patient-selection-of-nonprescription-and-self-care-products
#6
John Taylor Schimmelfing, Andrea L Brookhart, K Michele Brown Fountain, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential outcomes of pharmacist intervention on patient selection of nonprescription and self-care products and to evaluate patient confidence and satisfaction with the assistance of the pharmacist. METHODS: A prospective, convenience sample study was conducted at 3 locations of a national supermarket chain pharmacy in the Charlottesville, Virginia, area over 4 months. Patients were recruited for the study if they approached the pharmacy counter and requested assistance with nonprescription and self-care product selection or if the investigating pharmacists approached the patient in the self-care aisles...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837337/public-confidence-in-adr-identification-and-their-views-on-adrreporting-mixed-methods-study
#7
Narumol Jarernsiripornkul, Arunrot Patsuree, Janet Krska
PURPOSE: The value of patients as potential reporters into pharmacovigilance systems is acknowledged worldwide and allowed in Thailand. However, nothing is known about the Thai public's awareness of direct patient reporting facility or their views concerning it. This study aimed to determine confidence among members of the public in identifying suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs), information sources they use and their views towards direct ADR reporting. METHODS: Mixed methods study consisting of self-administered questionnaires (phase 1) and semi-structured, face-to-face interviews (phase 2) with members of the public recruited in primary care centres, pharmacies and public places during October 2013 to February 2015...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832404/pharmacist-only-trimethoprim-pharmacist-satisfaction-on-their-training-and-the-impact-on-their-practice
#8
Rhiannon Braund, Emily Henderson, Erica McNab, Rachel Sarten, Emily Wallace, Natalie Gauld
Background In 2012, in a first for the developed world, New Zealand reclassified trimethoprim to allow specially trained pharmacists to supply the medicine without a prescription to women with cystitis fitting specific criteria. Objective This study explored pharmacists' views of the training and screening tool, impact on practice, and the pharmacists' perceptions of views of patients and doctors. Methods Structured interviews were conducted with 28 New Zealand pharmacists trained to supply trimethoprim. These pharmacists were selected to represent geographical spread as well as urban, suburban and rural...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826153/need-for-formal-specialization-in-pharmacy-in-canada-a-survey-of-hospital-pharmacists
#9
Jonathan Penm, Neil J MacKinnon, Derek Jorgenson, Jun Ying, Jennifer Smith
BACKGROUND: The Blueprint for Pharmacy was a collaborative initiative involving all of the major pharmacy associations in Canada. It aimed to coordinate, facilitate, and be a catalyst for changes required to align pharmacy practice with the health care needs of Canadians. In partial fulfilment of this mandate, a needs assessment for specialist certification for pharmacists was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a secondary analysis of data from the needs assessment to determine the perceptions of hospital pharmacists regarding a formal certification process for pharmacist specialties in Canada...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804174/monitoring-safety-in-a-phase-iii-real-world-effectiveness-trial-use-of-novel-methodology-in-the-salford-lung-study
#10
Sue Collier, Catherine Harvey, Jill Brewster, Nawar Diar Bakerly, Hanaa F Elkhenini, Roxana Stanciu, Claire Williams, Jacqui Brereton, John P New, John McCrae, Sheila McCorkindale, David Leather
BACKGROUND: The Salford Lung Study (SLS) programme, encompassing two phase III pragmatic randomised controlled trials, was designed to generate evidence on the effectiveness of a once-daily treatment for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in routine primary care using electronic health records. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe and discuss the safety monitoring methodology and the challenges associated with ensuring patient safety in the SLS...
November 1, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803501/medication-therapy-management-for-patients-receiving-oral-chemotherapy-agents-at-a-community-oncology-center-a-pilot-study
#11
Nathan S Bertsch, Ross J Bindler, Poppy L Wilson, Anne P Kim, Beverly Ward
Purpose: To determine the impact of a pharmacist-driven medication therapy management (MTM) program for patients receiving oral chemotherapy agents. Methods: We assessed the impact of MTM consultations with a pharmacist for patients who were receiving a new prescription for an oral chemotherapy agent. Data were assessed for outcomes including (1) number of medication errors identified in electronic medical records (EMRs), (2) number of interventions performed by the pharmacist, (3) time spent on the MTM process, and (4) patient satisfaction...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803486/efforts-by-pharmacists-in-community-pharmacy-in-peacetime-for-headache-medical-care-in-emergencies-such-as-great-earthquake-and-disaster
#12
Masakazu Ishii, Hirotaka Katoh, Masaaki Ishibashi, Mizuki Ichikawa, Shinji Kurokawa, Setsuro Tsukada, Hideyo Kasai, Yuji Kiuchi, Sanju Iwamoto
 We herein analyzed the issues that pharmacists in a community pharmacy in peacetime need to prepare for regarding headache medical care in emergencies (the state that supply of medical supplies is difficult) using a questionnaire intended for doctors and pharmacists in a community pharmacy. Recovery rates were 48.0% (96/200) for doctors and 37.3% (112/300) for pharmacists. In order to distinguish between patients for whom pharmacists need to "recommend OTC drugs" and those who need to be encouraged "to consult a hospital or clinic", doctors indicated that pharmacists need to use an "assistance tool to diagnosis headaches, such as a migraine screener" and "guidelines for chronic headaches"...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803447/use-of-pharmacist-consultations-for-nonprescription-laxatives-in-japan-an-online-survey
#13
Keita Shibata, Arisa Matsumoto, Ayumi Nakagawa, Keiko Akagawa, Akihiro Nakamura, Toshinori Yamamoto, Naomi Kurata
Community pharmacies in Japan have long been advocated as effective sources of nonprescription medicines and health-related advice. Consumers sometimes self-treat symptoms of minor illnesses without consulting a pharmacist because the benefits of such consultations are not adequately recognized. The aim of this study was to investigate the use and impact of pharmacist consultations before purchase of nonprescription laxatives. An online survey was conducted July 14-22, 2012 with 500 respondents (250 men, 250 women), ranging 20-60 years old...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#14
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783555/integrated-pharmacies-at-community-mental-health-centers-medication-adherence-and-outcomes
#15
W Abel Wright, Jack M Gorman, Melissa Odorzynski, Mark J Peterson, Carol Clayton
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving psychiatric services at community mental health centers (CMHCs) are often prescribed medication that is critical to the treatment of behavioral health conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, and depression. Previous studies have shown correlation between rates of medication adherence and risk of hospitalization, but potential differences in medication adherence and other outcomes for patients of CMHCs by pharmacy type have not been widely studied...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783550/impact-of-a-combined-value-based-insurance-design-and-medication-therapy-management-program-on-diabetes-medication-adherence
#16
Alex Peaslee, Marleen Wickizer, Julie Olson, Robert Topp
BACKGROUND: Value-based insurance design (VBID) waives or reduces prescription copayments in order to decrease member cost barriers to refilling medications. Medication therapy management (MTM) is a member clinical intervention designed to reinforce members' knowledge of their medications, which addresses barriers to medication adherence. Both methods have been shown to increase adherence in members, particularly when used in combination. To date, studies of such combined programs have often been completed within integrated health systems but have rarely included control populations...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783545/estimating-the-value-of-new-technologies-that-provide-more-accurate-drug-adherence-information-to-providers-for-their-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Jason Shafrin, Taylor T Schwartz, Darius N Lakdawalla, Felicia M Forma
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antipsychotic medication among patients with schizophrenia results in poor symptom management and increased health care and other costs. Despite its health impact, medication adherence remains difficult to accurately assess. New technologies offer the possibility of real-time patient monitoring data on adherence, which may in turn improve clinical decision making. However, the economic benefit of accurate patient drug adherence information (PDAI) has yet to be evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766500/a-quantitative-comparison-of-ward-based-clinical-pharmacy-activities-in-7-acute-uk-hospitals
#18
Raliat Onatade, Gavin Miller, Inderjit Sanghera
Background Several clinical pharmacy activities are common to UK hospitals. It is not clear whether these are provided at similar levels, and whether they take similar amounts of time to carry out. Objective To quantify and compare clinical pharmacist ward activities between different UK hospitals. Setting Seven acute hospitals in the Greater London area (UK). Methods A list of common ward activities was developed. On five consecutive days, pharmacists visiting hospital wards documented total time spent and how many of each activity they undertook...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749224/direct-and-indirect-healthcare-costs-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-in-turkey
#19
Vedat Hamuryudan, Haner Direskeneli, Ihsan Ertenli, Murat Inanc, Yasar Karaaslan, Fahrettin Oksel, Suleyman Ozbek, Salih Pay, Ender Terzioglu, Dilara Balkan Tezer, Basak Hacibedel, Nurullah Akkoc
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the annual cost of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Turkey by obtaining real-world data directly from patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, RA patients from the rheumatology outpatient clinics of 10 university hospitals were interviewed with a standardised questionnaire on RA-related healthcare care costs. RESULTS: The study included 689 RA patients (565 females) with a mean age of 51.2±13.2 years and mean disease duration of 9...
September 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742628/new-transfer-of-care-initiative-of-electronic-referral-from-hospital-to-community-pharmacy-in-england-a-formative-service-evaluation
#20
Hamde Nazar, Steven Brice, Nasima Akhter, Adetayo Kasim, Ann Gunning, Sarah P Slight, Neil W Watson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an electronic patient referral system from one UK hospital Trust to community pharmacies across the North East of England. SETTING: Two hospital sites in Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 207 community pharmacies. PARTICIPANTS: Inpatients who were considered to benefit from on-going support and continuity of care after leaving hospital. INTERVENTION: Electronic transmission of an information related to patient's medicines to their nominated community pharmacy...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
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