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Maternal effects

Tetyda P Dobak, George Voorhout, Johannes C M Vernooij, Susanne A E B Boroffka
English bulldogs have been reported to have a high incidence of dystocia and caesarean section is often performed electively in this breed. A narrow pelvic canal is the major maternal factor contributing to obstructive dystocia. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the pelvic dimensions of 40 clinically healthy English bulldogs using computed tomography pelvimetry. A control group consisting of 30 non-brachycephalic dogs that underwent pelvic computed tomography was retrospectively collected from the patient archive system...
May 31, 2018: Theriogenology
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Inkyung Shin, Bung-Nyun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Environmental factors may interact with genetic factors via the epigenetic process, and this interaction can contribute to inter-individual variability in the treatment response. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction effects between dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) methylation and prenatal maternal stress on the methylphenidate (MPH) response of youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study was an 8-week open-label trial of MPH that included 74 ADHD youth...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Youngjo Im, Tyler J Vanderweele
Drawing on economic models of child development and attachment relationship perspectives, this study examined the effect of maternal employment in the first year after childbirth on subsequent behavioral and cognitive development in low-income children. Analyses of data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (N = 411) revealed that despite the accompanying family income gains, maternal employment in the first year after childbirth adversely affected caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems of Hispanic, Black, and White children at ages 3 and 5 years...
June 15, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
Xiu Luo, Lingfei Liu, Huaiting Gu, Fang Hou, Xinyan Xie, Xin Li, Heng Meng, Jiajia Zhang, Shunqing Xu, Ranran Song
OBJECTIVES: Evidence about the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants was insufficient among Chinese primiparae. In addition, factors that may mediate this relationship are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of and mediators between SES and SGA. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Wuhan, Hubei, China. METHOD: Participants were recruited from patients who gave birth in the maternity care hospital of Wuhan between September 2012 and October 2014...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
V Pez, P Deruelle, M Kyheng, C Boyon, E Clouqueur, C Garabedian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of single balloon catheter with double balloon catheter and dinoprostone insert for cervical ripening and labor induction on unfavourable cervix. METHODS: this is a comparative, retrospective, one-center trial. Were included singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation. Were excluded cicatricial uterus. The outcomes were vaginal delivery rate, caesarean section rate, modification in Bishop score, time from induction to delivery, second time prostaglandin E2 resort, oxytocin administration resort, maternal or neonatal adverse events...
June 11, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Brian Wahl, Katherine L O'Brien, Adena Greenbaum, Anwesha Majumder, Li Liu, Yue Chu, Ivana Lukšić, Harish Nair, David A McAllister, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan, Robert Black, Maria Deloria Knoll
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine are now used in most countries. To monitor global and regional progress towards improving child health and to inform national policies for disease prevention and treatment, we prepared global, regional, and national disease burden estimates for these pathogens in children from 2000 to 2015. METHODS: Using WHO and Maternal and Child Epidemiology Estimation collaboration country-specific estimates of pneumonia and meningitis mortality and pneumonia morbidity from 2000 to 2015, we applied pneumococcal and Hib cause-specific proportions to estimate pathogen-specific deaths and cases...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
Ling Zhao, Yufen Huang, Lin Lu, Wei Yang, Tao Huang, Zesi Lin, Chengyuan Lin, Hiuyee Kwan, Hoi Leong Xavier Wong, Yang Chen, Silong Sun, Xuefeng Xie, Xiaodong Fang, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang, Lixin Zhu, Zhaoxiang Bian
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota is closely associated with gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorder, but the mechanism(s) by which bacteria interact with and affect host GI motility remains unclear. In this study, through using metabolomic and metagenomic analyses, an animal model of neonatal maternal separation (NMS) characterized by accelerated colonic motility and gut dysbiosis was used to investigate the mechanism underlying microbiota-driven motility dysfunction. RESULTS: An excess of intracolonic saturated long-chain fatty acids (SLCFAs) was associated with enhanced bowel motility in NMS rats...
June 14, 2018: Microbiome
Bianca Arrhenius, David Gyllenberg, Roshan Chudal, Venla Lehti, Minna Sucksdorff, Ona Sourander, Juha-Pekka Virtanen, Jutta Torsti, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Broadly defined learning and coordination disorders (LCDs) are common in the population and have previously been associated with familial social risk factors and male sex. However, comprehensive nationwide studies of these risk factors in LCD subgroups are lacking. Our objective was to assess different LCDs in relation to sex and maternal education, marital status and socioeconomic status based on occupation. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide register-based study...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jimena Fritz, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Gustavo Angeles, Alejandra Montoya, Dilys Walker
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of newborn and maternal deaths can be prevented through simple and cost-effective strategies. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the PRONTO obstetric-emergency management training for improving evidence-based birth attendance practices among providers attending the training at 12 hospitals in three states of Mexico from 2010 to 2012, and to estimate dissemination of the training within the hospitals. METHODS: The average treatment on the treated effect of the PRONTO intervention for the probability of performing certain practices during birth attendance was estimated in a sample of 310 health providers...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Marion I van den Heuvel, Marcel A L M van Assen, Vivette Glover, Stephan Claes, Bea R H Van den Bergh
BACKGROUND: Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy is related to adverse child behavioral and emotional outcomes later in life, such as ADHD and anxiety/depression. The underlying mechanisms for this, however, are still largely unknown. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis, with its most important effector hormone cortisol, has been proposed as a mechanism, but results have been inconsistent. The current study investigated the association between maternal psychological distress (i...
June 5, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Zhijiang Liang, Peng Wang, Qingguo Zhao, Bei-Qi Wang, Yuanzhu Ma, Hualiang Lin, Jianpeng Xiao, Ji-Yuan Zhou
BACKGROUND: A few studies have reported that low temperatures were associated with an increased risk of preterm birth. However, the effect of extreme weather events, such as cold spell, on preterm birth has not been studied in China. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of the 2008 cold spell on preterm birth in two subtropical cities of Guangdong Province. METHODS: Data of daily preterm birth, air pollution and meteorological variables from 2006 to 2010 were collected in Dongguan and Shenzhen...
June 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Carolien Zwiers, Johanna G van der Bom, Inge L van Kamp, Nan Van Geloven, Enrico Lopriore, John Smoleniec, Roland Devlieger, Pauline E Sim, Marie Anne Ledingham, Eleonor Tiblad, Kenneth J Moise, Karl-Philip Gloning, Mark D Kilby, Timothy G Overton, Ditte S Jørgensen, Katrine V Schou, Bettina Paek, Martin Walker, Emma Parry, Dick Oepkes, Masja de Haas
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine transfusion for severe alloimmunization in pregnancy performed before 20 weeks' gestation is associated with a higher fetal death rate. Intravenous immunoglobulins may prevent hemolysis and could therefore be a non-invasive alternative for early transfusions. OBJECTIVE(S): We evaluated whether maternal treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins defers the development of severe fetal anemia and its consequences in a retrospective cohort to which 12 fetal therapy centers contributed...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Emily N B Myer, Jennifer L Roem, David A Lovejoy, Melinda G Abernethy, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge of the effects of time on change in pelvic floor muscle strength after childbirth. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the change in pelvic floor muscle strength in parous women over time and to identify maternal and obstetric characteristics associated with the rate of change. STUDY DESIGN: This is an IRB approved prospective cohort study of parous women. Participants were recruited 5-10 years after first delivery and followed annually...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Martha L Bruce
BACKGROUND: Family therapy is a potential strategy to increase family support for those suffering from perinatal depression. Family therapeutic interventions for this population typically target depressed women and their adult family members to improve family functioning and reduce depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis is a synthesis of the current evidence on the usefulness of family therapy interventions in the prevention and treatment of perinatal depression and impacts on maternal depressive symptoms and family functioning...
2018: PloS One
Hassen Mohammed, Michelle Clarke, Ann Koehler, Maureen Watson, Helen Marshall
BACKGROUND: Maternal immunization is an effective strategy to protect pregnant women and their infants from vaccine-preventable diseases. Despite the recommendation of maternal influenza and more recently pertussis immunization in Australia, uptake of these vaccines has been suboptimal. A midwife delivered immunization program for pregnant women at the Women's and Children's Hospital in South Australia commenced in April 2015. Monitoring the uptake of the current funded vaccine programs for pregnant women is limited...
2018: PloS One
Avishek Hazra, M E Khan, Subrato Kumar Mondal
Over 90% of households in rural Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India, have at least one mobile phone. However, ownership of mobile phone among women is quite low. Implementation research was conducted in Uttar Pradesh to examine (a) whether providing information on selected maternal and child health (MCH) behaviors to a husband's mobile phone would enhance the man's knowledge and lead to discussions in their family, and (b) whether such discussions would help in the adoption of healthy practices...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Kris Y W Lok, Man Ping Wang, Vincci H S Chan, Marie Tarrant
OBJECTIVE: Maternal smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke is one modifiable risk factor that affects breastfeeding initiation and duration. We prospectively examine the effects of maternal and paternal smoking and other family members' smoking status on the duration of breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 1,277 mother-infant pairs admitted to the postpartum units of four major public hospitals in Hong Kong. Demographic data, maternal, paternal and household smoking habits, and other potential confounding variables were collected via self-reported questionnaires during the postnatal hospitalization...
June 14, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Helen Spiby, Mary Ann Faucher, Gina Sands, Julie Roberts, Holly Powell Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Decisions made in early labor influence the outcomes of childbirth for women and infants. Telephone assessment during labor, the current norm in many settings, has been found to be a source of dissatisfaction for women and can present challenges for midwives. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore midwives' views on the potential of video-calling as a method for assessing women in early labor. METHODS: A series of 8 midwife focus groups (n = 45) and interviews (n = 4) in the Midlands region of England and the mid-South and Northeast regions of the United States were completed...
June 14, 2018: Birth
Anna Gunnerbeck, Pauline Raaschou, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Ronny Wickström
INTRODUCTION: Oral moist snuff is widely used in Sweden also in pregnancy. Maternal snuff use has been associated with increased risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in epidemiological studies. Self-reported maternal snuff use has not been validated previously. The main objective of this study was to validate self-reported snuff use in pregnancy in a prospective cohort study and in the Medical Birth Register. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective Swedish cohort study, 2005-2011, in which 572 women were asked to participate...
June 14, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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