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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906960/perceptions-and-attitudes-towards-medication-error-reporting-in-primary-care-clinics-a-qualitative-study-in-malaysia
#1
A Samsiah, Noordin Othman, Shazia Jamshed, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
OBJECTIVE: To explore and understand participants' perceptions and attitudes towards the reporting of medication errors (MEs). METHODS: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews of 31 healthcare practitioners from nine publicly funded, primary care clinics in three states in peninsular Malaysia was conducted for this study. The participants included family medicine specialists, doctors, pharmacists, pharmacist assistants, nurses and assistant medical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906769/measuring-harm-in-health-care-optimizing-adverse-event-review
#2
Kathleen E Walsh, Polina Harik, Kathleen M Mazor, Deborah Perfetto, Milena Anatchkova, Colleen Biggins, Joann Wagner, Pamela J Schoettker, Cassandra Firneno, Robert Klugman, Jennifer Tjia
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify modifiable factors that improve the reliability of ratings of severity of health care-associated harm in clinical practice improvement and research. METHODS: A diverse group of clinicians rated 8 types of adverse events: blood product, device or medical/surgical supply, fall, health care-associated infection, medication, perinatal, pressure ulcer, surgery. We used a generalizability theory framework to estimate the impact of number of raters, rater experience, and rater provider type on reliability...
November 30, 2016: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905078/improving-the-provision-of-otc-medication-information-in-community-pharmacies-in-poland
#3
Anna Piecuch, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Kozłowska-Wojciechowska
Background An informed or shared decision-making model is desirable to support the choice of over-the-counter (OTC) medications in pharmacies: it respects patient empowerment in self-medication. Such a model is achievable provided that pharmacists are a credible, competent information source open to patient needs. Objective To study the dependencies among selected factors that may influence the provision of OTC medication information. The study was conducted from the perspective of a community pharmacist. Method The study consisted of an auditorium survey with a self-administered questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904305/minnesota-pharmacists-and-medical-cannabis-a-survey-of-knowledge-concerns-and-interest-prior-to-program-launch
#4
Joy Hwang, Tom Arneson, Wendy St Peter
OBJECTIVES: To assess Minnesota pharmacists' preparedness for the state's medical cannabis program in terms of professional competency in policies and regulations and in pharmacotherapy, as well as their concerns and perceptions about the impact on their practice. The secondary objective was to identify pharmacists' perceptions about ways to reduce potential gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A Web-based 14-item questionnaire was distributed to all pharmacists whose email addresses were registered with the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy...
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904100/usefulness-of-oral-care-related-information-provision-at-drugstores-to-prevent-pneumonia
#5
Masaru Mizoguchi, Sako Kuwano, Ikuko Suzuki, Masato Shigeyama
 Although the removal of bacteria in the oral cavity is regarded as an important preventive measure against pneumonia, the majority of elderly individuals are rarely provided with oral care-related information. This study examined the usefulness of oral care-related information provision for the elderly by pharmacists working at drugstores. A questionnaire survey was conducted, involving 387 pharmacists working at drugstores and 51 elderly individuals who visited such stores. Oral care-related information had been actively provided by 14...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899839/practical-insights-for-the-pharmacist-educator-on-student-engagement
#6
REVIEW
Douglas R Oyler, Frank Romanelli, Peggy Piascik, Jeff Cain
Student engagement continues to be a point of emphasis in pharmacy education, yet there remains little data on tangible means to increase organic student engagement. This review attempts to better define student engagement, draws from educational theorists to emphasize the importance of student engagement, and provides the reader with practice philosophies that can be used across of variety of teaching settings to help develop an engaging learning environment.
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899838/use-of-an-auditory-hallucination-simulation-to-increase-student-pharmacist-empathy-for-patients-with-mental-illness
#7
Elizabeth T Skoy, Heidi N Eukel, Jeanne E Frenzel, Amy Werremeyer, Becky McDaniel
Objective. To increase student pharmacist empathy through the use of an auditory hallucination simulation. Design. Third-year professional pharmacy students independently completed seven stations requiring skills such as communication, following directions, reading comprehension, and cognition while listening to an audio recording simulating what one experiencing auditory hallucinations may hear. Following the simulation, students participated in a faculty-led debriefing and completed a written reflection. Assessment...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899826/an-elective-course-in-cardiovascular-electrophysiology-for-pharmacy-learners
#8
Diptiman D Bose
Objective. To implement an integrated, comprehensive, and learner-centered elective course focused at exposing learners to the interpretation of electrocardiograms and highlighting the mechanisms underlining the abnormal electrophysiological events. Design. Learners were presented with foundational information on the mechanisms underlying electrophysiological changes associated with the development of arrhythmias. They then discussed the interpretation of electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings and diagnosis of cardiovascular events...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896882/quality-of-claims-and-references-found-in-australian-pharmacy-journal-advertisements
#9
Mona Mandoh, Colin Michael Curtain
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of pharmaceutical advertisement claims and supporting references in Australian pharmacy journals that target community pharmacists. METHODS: All full-page advertisements for a medicinal product, found in two Australian pharmacy journals from the year 2012 to 2015 were included. Advertisement claims and references were evaluated by claim type (unambiguous to immeasurable) and level of evidence (strong to irrelevant) in supporting references...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895218/a-new-approach-to-identify-high-burnout-medical-staffs-by-kernel-k-means-cluster-analysis-in-a-regional-teaching-hospital-in-taiwan
#10
Yii-Ching Lee, Shian-Chang Huang, Chih-Hsuan Huang, Hsin-Hung Wu
This study uses kernel k-means cluster analysis to identify medical staffs with high burnout. The data collected in October to November 2014 are from the emotional exhaustion dimension of the Chinese version of Safety Attitudes Questionnaire in a regional teaching hospital in Taiwan. The number of effective questionnaires including the entire staffs such as physicians, nurses, technicians, pharmacists, medical administrators, and respiratory therapists is 680. The results show that 8 clusters are generated by kernel k-means method...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894229/-self-reported-experience-in-patients-treated-with-hepatitis-c-direct-acting-antivirals
#11
Irene Cañamares Orbis, Javier Saez de la Fuente, Ismael Escobar Rodriguez, Concepción Esteban Alba, Ana Such Díaz, Ismael Escobar Rodríguez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To learn about and analyze the self-reported treatment experience of HCV patients who started treatment with direct acting antivirals agents (DAA), at a real-time, proactive and integrated into the pharmaceutical care healthcare process, using a prospective questionnaire completed by patients as clinical tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study conducted between April (start of the National Strategic Plan) and December 2015 in the Outpatient Pharmacy Service...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894220/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-the-design-development-and-implementation-of-medication-prescription-support-systems
#12
Nuria Sola Bonada, Ana María Álvarez Díaz, Carlos Codina Jané
Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) are computerized tools designed to help healthcare professionals to make clinical and therapeutic decisions, with the objective of improving patient care. Prescription-targeted CDSS have the highest impact in improving patient safety. Although there are different designs and functionalities, all these systems will combine clinical knowledge and patient information in a smart manner, in order to improve the prescription process. With the emergence of new technologies and advances in smart decision systems, the implementation of said systems can achieve an important improvement in terms of the prescription process and patient safety...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893596/pharmacists-knowledge-and-practices-surrounding-expedited-partner-therapy-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-new-york-city-2012-and-2014
#13
Amanda Reid, Meighan E Rogers, Vibhuti Arya, Zoe R Edelstein, Julia A Schillinger
BACKGROUND: Health care providers in New York City can prescribe treatment for Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) for a patient's partner without the partner having a medical evaluation ("prescription-expedited partner therapy" [EPT]), and use of prescription-EPT is common. However, there is little known about pharmacists' knowledge and practices surrounding EPT. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys, in 2012 and 2014, were conducted with representative samples of supervising pharmacists in NYC neighborhoods with high rates of Ct infection...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888034/a-proactive-approach-to-penicillin-allergy-testing-in-hospitalized-patients
#14
Justin R Chen, Scott A Tarver, Kristin S Alvarez, Trang Tran, David A Khan
BACKGROUND: Penicillin allergy testing is underutilized in inpatients despite its potential to immediately impact antibiotic treatment. Although most tested patients are able to tolerate penicillin, limited availability and awareness of this tool leads to the use of costly and harmful substitutes. OBJECTIVE: We established an inpatient service at a large academic hospital to identify and test patients with a history of penicillin allergy with the goals of removing inaccurate diagnoses, reducing the use of beta-lactam alternatives, and educating patients and clinicians about the procedure...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887032/provider-perception-of-pharmacy-services-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home
#15
Nicole P Albanese, Alyssa M Pignato, Scott V Monte
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive data on clinical outcomes, cost savings, and provider experience, no study has surveyed providers to evaluate what pharmacy services they find to be worthwhile. OBJECTIVE: To determine what clinical, cost/access, and educational pharmacy services providers in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) consider worthwhile and the perceived barriers to successful pharmacist incorporation. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in a PCMH physician group...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885711/the-importance-of-research-and-scholarly-activity-in-pharmacy-training
#16
Eli N Deal, Paul M Stranges, Whitney D Maxwell, Jennifer Bacci, Emily J Ashjian, David L DeRemer, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Nicholas B Norgard, Lauren Dombrowski, Robert B Parker
Regardless of practice setting, it is imperative that pharmacists be able to either participate in generating new knowledge or use the ever-expanding body of literature to guide patient care. However, competing priorities in Pharm.D. curricula and residency training programs have resulted in limited emphasis on acquiring research and scholarly skills. Factors likely contributing to this reduced focus include the lack of curricular and postgraduate training standards emphasizing the development of research skills, time to commit to scholarly activity, and accessibility to experienced mentors...
November 25, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883270/pharmacovigilance-skills-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-our-future-doctors-a-nationwide-study-in-the-netherlands
#17
Tim Schutte, Jelle Tichelaar, Michael O Reumerman, Rike van Eekeren, Robert Rissmann, Cornelis Kramers, Milan C Richir, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, Michiel A van Agtmael
Pharmacovigilance centres monitor the safety of drugs, based on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported by doctors, pharmacists and pharmaceutical companies. However, the underreporting of ADRs remains a major problem. Our aim was to investigate preparedness of future doctors for their role in pharmacovigilance, by assessing their pharmacovigilance awareness, skills and knowledge. The study was a nationwide e-survey among medical students (third to sixth year) of all eight medical schools in the Netherlands...
November 24, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883003/opportunities-to-develop-the-professional-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-care-of-patients-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Kim Watkins, Aline Bourdin, Michelle Trevenen, Kevin Murray, Peter A Kendall, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda Clifford
There are many indications in Australia and globally that asthma management is suboptimal. Ideally, patients need to proactively self-manage the condition with the support of health professionals. Community pharmacists are a highly accessible resource for patients but currently provide inconsistent services. General practitioners also face many barriers to the provision of chronic disease management for asthma patients. The aim of this research was to characterise patients with asthma who present to community pharmacy...
November 24, 2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882839/real-world-drug-costs-of-treating-hepatitis-c-genotypes-1-4-with-direct-acting-antivirals-initiating-treatment-at-fibrosis-0-2-and-3-4
#19
Timothy A Bach, Kathy Zaiken
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals (DAA) for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) have drastically improved outcomes but are also very costly. For this reason, priority for treatment is often given to patients with a higher fibrosis score at baseline by payers and providers rather than treating all eligible patients. Simulation studies have suggested that waiting to treat patients until fibrosis 3-4 may be more costly and result in worse outcomes; however, real-world implications are unknown...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882838/a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-comparing-telephone-based-enhanced-pharmacy-care-and-usual-care-to-support-smoking-cessation
#20
Jason Gong, Christine L Baker, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Zhanna Jumadilova, David Lawrence, Beth Wilson, Cynthia Ewel
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death, and tobacco control professionals continue to make progress in cessation efforts. Pharmacists can assist smokers seeking to quit by offering counseling on smoking cessation pharmacotherapies. Pragmatic randomized trials are useful for investigating practical questions about an intervention's risks, benefits, and costs in routine clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an enhanced pharmacy care (EPC) program involving personalized pharmacist-provided telephone counseling for supporting prescription smoking cessation medications compared with usual care (UC)...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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