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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#1
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155443/the-philosophy-of-practice-for-comprehensive-medication-management-evaluating-its-meaning-and-application-by-practitioners
#2
Deborah L Pestka, Lindsay A Sorge, Mary Roth McClurg, Todd D Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: Philosophy of practice is the foundation to any patient care practice as it provides a set of professional values and beliefs that guide actions and decisions in practice. Study objectives were to understand how pharmacists providing comprehensive medication management (CMM) describe their philosophy of practice and compare how participants' philosophies align with predefined tenets of a CMM philosophy of practice. METHODS: An instrument with closed and open-ended items was developed and administered online to the lead pharmacist at 36 clinics participating in a large CMM study...
November 20, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154074/knowledge-and-characteristics-of-herbal-supplement-usage-among-community-pharmacy-customers-in-a-malaysian-population
#3
S W Yeong, Y C Choong
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the knowledge and characteristics of herbal supplement usage of the customers of community pharmacies in a Malaysian population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Self-administered questionnaires (in English, Malay, or Chinese) were provided to customers at three community pharmacies in Malaysia (Ipoh, Perak). Questionnaire validation and translation validation were performed. A pilot study was conducted before actual questionnaire distribution. Informed consent was obtained from all participants...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154018/improving-patient-access-to-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment
#4
Milena M McLaughlin, Kevin T Marx, Colleen Terriff
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the current barriers to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment; to provide information and resources to assist health care providers with the prior authorization process; to provide resources for potential access to medications if a patient's third-party payer may not be an option; and to discuss the pharmacist's vital role as a patient advocate and considerations once medications are approved. SUMMARY: Access to HCV medications is often restricted by third-party payers...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154017/patient-attitudes-and-experiences-that-predict-medication-discontinuation-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#5
Amy Linsky, Steven R Simon, Kelly Stolzmann, Mark Meterko
OBJECTIVES: Polypharmacy is associated with adverse medication effects. One potential solution is deprescribing, which is the intentional, proactive, rational discontinuation of a medication that is no longer indicated or for which the potential harms outweigh the potential benefits. We identified patient characteristics, attitudes, and health care experiences associated with medication discontinuation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a national mail survey, with the use of the Patient Perceptions of Discontinuation (PPoD) instrument, of 1600 veterans receiving primary care at Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers and prescribed 5 or more concurrent medications...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153854/what-are-pharmacists-recommending-for-infant-teething-treatment
#6
Eric J Ip, Punam B Patel, Josephine J Chi, Bijal Shah-Manek, Bonnie Lau
OBJECTIVES: In 2011, the Food and Drug Administration issued a warning to avoid the use of any benzocaine-containing products for infant teething treatment owing to a risk of methemoglobinemia. Several benzocaine-containing products targeted for infant teething are currently available over the counter. Pharmacists are commonly asked for medical advice in the community, and there is no current literature evaluating what pharmacists are recommending for infant teething. The objectives of this study were to evaluate what pharmacists are currently recommending for infant teething treatment and assess what percentage would inappropriately recommend a benzocaine-containing product...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153853/community-pharmacist-collaboration-with-a-patient-centered-medical-home-establishment-of-a-patient-centered-medical-neighborhood-and-payment-model
#7
Heidi R Luder, Pam Shannon, James Kirby, Stacey M Frede
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of a partnership between a community pharmacy and a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) by measuring the impact on office- and patient-level clinical outcomes. SETTING: Kroger Pharmacy and a PCMH practice in Cincinnati, OH. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The Kroger Co. is a large grocery store chain that operates 102 pharmacies in the Cincinnati-Dayton marketing area. The PCMH practice is an accredited PCMH office serving more than 9000 patients in the Cincinnati area...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152842/cross-sectional-survey-of-patients-need-for-information-and-support-with-medicines-after-discharge-from-hospital
#8
Adam J Mackridge, Ruth Rodgers, Dan Lee, Charles W Morecroft, Janet Krska
BACKGROUND: Most patients experience changes to prescribed medicines during a hospital stay. Ensuring they understand such changes is important for preventing adverse events post-discharge and optimising patient understanding. However, little work has explored the information that patients receive about medicines or their perceived needs for information and support after discharge. OBJECTIVES: To determine information that hospital inpatients who experience medicine changes receive about their medicines during admission and their needs and preferences for, and use of, post-discharge support...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147964/diabetes-care-in-qatar-a-survey-of-pharmacists-activities-attitudes-and-knowledge
#9
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Safae E Abu Yousef, Meena Ali Basri
Background Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major public health issue and is one of the top ten causes of death in Qatar. Objective To describe the activities, and attitudes of Qatar pharmacists toward diabetes, to measure their diabetes knowledge and to assess their perceived barriers for diabetes care. Setting Community and ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Method Study objectives were addressed in a cross sectional survey of community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar. A phone call explaining the study was made to all community and ambulatory pharmacists in Qatar...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#10
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143347/validation-of-a-tool-for-reporting-pharmacists-interventions-in-everyday-community-pharmacy
#11
T H Vo, J-D Bardet, B Charpiat, C Leyrissoux, J Gravoulet, B Allenet, O Conort, P Bedouch
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The French Society of Clinical Pharmacy (SFPC) asked a group of experts to adapt the SFPC hospital pharmacists' interventions reporting tool for use in community pharmacy practice. This study aimed to develop and validate a tool for the routine reporting of pharmacists' interventions in French community settings. METHODS: Two groups of community pharmacists coded reports of 60 typical pharmacists' interventions. One group was "experts" (n = 4) who had participated in the development of the tool (internal validation) and the other were "external" community pharmacists (n = 6), naïve to the tool (external validation)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139019/pharmacists-confidence-when-providing-pharmaceutical-care-on-anticoagulants-a-multinational-survey
#12
John Papastergiou, Nadir Kheir, Katerina Ladova, Silas Rydant, Fabio De Rango, Sotiris Antoniou, Reka Viola, Maria Dolores Murillo, Stephane Steurbaut, Filipa Alves da Costa
Background Guidelines on the management of orally anticoagulated patients are continuously evolving, leading to an increased need for pharmacists to be fully integrated in care provision. Objective To identify self-reported gaps in confidence among practicing pharmacists in the area of anticoagulation. Setting Pharmacists in different work settings in different countries. Method Cross-sectional international survey from October 2015 till November 2016 among pharmacists working in different settings to assess their level of confidence when delivering anticoagulants as well as to identify possible educational needs regarding this medication class...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138153/deprescribing-antihyperglycemic-agents-in-older-persons-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#13
Barbara Farrell, Cody Black, Wade Thompson, Lisa McCarthy, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Heather Lochnan, Salima Shamji, Ross Upshur, Manon Bouchard, Vivian Welch
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper, stop, or switch antihyperglycemic agents in older adults. METHODS: We focused on the highest level of evidence available and sought input from primary care professionals in guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. Seven clinicians (2 family physicians, 3 pharmacists, 1 nurse practitioner, and 1 endocrinologist) and a methodologist comprised the overall team; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135306/a-calculation-tool-and-process-to-pre-position-pharmaceuticals-for-anthrax-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#14
Gary D Peksa, Michael J Robbins, Alexis R Beyer, Elisabeth K Weber, Keneatha Johnson
Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is considered a severe bioterrorism threat because of its high mortality rate. The Chicago Healthcare System Coalition for Preparedness and Response (CHSCPR) aims to pre-position antibiotic medical countermeasures (MCMs) at healthcare facilities in order to provide on-site anthrax post-exposure prophylaxis. Pharmacists proposed moving toward a new process that involved the development of a standardized calculation methodology for acquiring supply drugs. This was an interventional quality improvement project aimed at optimizing inventory, acquisition, and distribution of antibiotic MCMs for anthrax post-exposure prophylaxis at Chicago hospitals for hospital personnel, associated first responders, and their families...
November 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132909/a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-pharmacy-perspectives-on-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice
#15
REVIEW
Alla El-Awaisi, Sundari Joseph, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Lesley Diack
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists are key professionals in the collaborative working process and are integral members of the healthcare team. However, there is paucity of information regarding their perspectives towards interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. AIMS: The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize, summarise and evaluate the quality of the quantitative and qualitative literature related to the perspectives of pharmacy students, pharmacy faculty and practising pharmacists toward IPE and collaborative practice...
November 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132695/thai-clinicians-attitudes-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#16
Nantanit Sutthiruk, Julie Considine, Ana Hutchinson, Andrea Driscoll, Kumthorn Malathum, Mari Botti
BACKGROUND: Effective hospital-wide antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs need multidisciplinary engagement; however, clinicians' attitudes have not been investigated in Thailand where AMS is in early development. The aim of this study was to explore Thai clinicians' (doctors, nurses, and pharmacists) perceptions and attitudes toward AMS. METHODS: A paper-based survey was distributed in a 1,000-bed university hospital in Bangkok, Thailand, between November 9, 2015, and December 21, 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132369/impact-of-pharmacist-led-medication-management-in-care-transitions
#17
Seungwon Yang
BACKGROUND: When patients are discharged from hospital to home, it is a highlighted vulnerable period for which medication - related problems are prevalent. Researchers have proposed a telephone follow-up intervention as a means to reduce hospital readmissions. However, the outcome of the intervention with the engagement of pharmacists in managing patients' medicines after discharge has not been well explored. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether a pharmacist telephone follow-up intervention focusing on patients' medicines management support is associated with a reduction in 30-day readmission rates and (2) to describe the number and types of pharmacist interventions in care transitions...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130042/out-of-hospital-administration-of-medication-without-prescription-and-associated-factors-among-preschool-children
#18
Fotini Andritsou, Vassiliki Benetou, Koralia A Michail, Nikolaos Pantazis, Ioanna D Pavlopoulou
The increasing trend of administering nonprescribed medicines in children is a significant public health issue. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of medication without a prescription (MWP), including both nonprescribed medication (NPM) and prescription-only medication (POM), and identify associated factors, among preschoolers in Athens, Greece. A predesigned questionnaire was distributed to parents from May through June 2011. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis models were used to assess associations of interest...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129668/characterization-of-actions-taken-during-the-delivery-of-medication-therapy-management-a-time-and-motion-approach
#19
Alice C Chang, Jutieh Lincoln, Wendy M Lantaff, Stephanie A Gernant, Heather A Jaynes, William Doucette, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVES: To characterize actions performed by pharmacists and support staff during provision of medication therapy management (MTM) and to compare actions performed according to practice characteristics. METHODS: A purposeful sample of 7 MTM practices (2 call centers and 5 community practices) was identified and visited by investigators. Pharmacists and support staff were observed during their routine provision of MTM. Investigators characterized "major" (e.g...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127865/which-information-on-women-s-issues-in-epilepsy-does-a-community-pharmacist-need-to-know-a-delphi-consensus-study
#20
Ramzi Shawahna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and achieve consensus on a core list of important knowledge items that community pharmacists should know on women's issues in epilepsy. METHODS: This was a consensual study using a modified Delphi technique. Knowledge items were collected from the literature and from nine key contacts who were interviewed on their views on what information community pharmacists should have on women's issues in epilepsy. More knowledge items were suggested by five researchers with interest in women's issues who were contacted to rate and comment on the knowledge items collected...
November 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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