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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918426/do-health-claims-and-front-of-pack-labels-lead-to-a-positivity-bias-in-unhealthy-foods
#1
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Helen Dixon, Bruce Neal, Kylie Ball, Clare Hughes
Health claims and front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) may lead consumers to hold more positive attitudes and show a greater willingness to buy food products, regardless of their actual healthiness. A potential negative consequence of this positivity bias is the increased consumption of unhealthy foods. This study investigated whether a positivity bias would occur in unhealthy variations of four products (cookies, corn flakes, pizzas and yoghurts) that featured different health claim conditions (no claim, nutrient claim, general level health claim, and higher level health claim) and FoPL conditions (no FoPL, the Daily Intake Guide (DIG), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL), and the Health Star Rating (HSR))...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913373/mobile-phone-apps-to-improve-medication-adherence-a-systematic-stepwise-process-to-identify-high-quality-apps
#2
Karla Santo, Sarah S Richtering, John Chalmers, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: There are a growing number of mobile phone apps available to support people in taking their medications and to improve medication adherence. However, little is known about how these apps differ in terms of features, quality, and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the medication reminder apps available in the Australian iTunes store and Google Play to assess their features and their quality in order to identify high-quality apps...
December 2, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913084/quality-of-communication-about-medicines-in-united-states-hospitals-a-national-retrospective-study
#3
Lauren Mullings, Jayashri Sankaranarayanan
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of improving transitions across care, literature is very limited on inpatient "Communication about Medicines" (ComMed) by staff across United States (U.S.) hospitals. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate ComMed quality variations by hospital characteristics. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, retrospective study of publicly available U.S. Medicare's Hospital Consumer Assessment of Health Care Plans Survey (HCAHPS) data (January 2013-September 2014), ComMed quality (high = above average/excellent vs...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905616/on-tuning-microgel-character-and-softness-of-cross-linked-polystyrene-particles
#4
Jochen Schneider, Malte Wiemann, Anna Rabe, Eckhard Bartsch
Polystyrene (PS) microgel colloids have often been used successfully to model hard sphere behaviour even though the term "gel" invokes inevitably the notion of a more or less soft, deformable object. Here we systematically study the effect of reducing the cross-link density from 1 : 10 (1 cross-link per 10 monomers) to 1 : 100 on particle interactions and "softness". We report on the synthesis and purification of 1 : 10, 1 : 25, 1 : 50, 1 : 75 and 1 : 100 cross-linked PS particles and their characterization in terms of single particle properties, as well as the behaviour of concentrated dispersions...
December 1, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894969/the-types-and-aspects-of-front-of-pack-food-labelling-schemes-preferred-by-adults-and-children
#5
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Caroline Miller, Helen Dixon, Bridget Kelly, Kylie Ball
There is strong interest in front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) as a potential mechanism for improving diets, and therefore health, at the population level. The present study examined Australian consumers' preferences for different types and attributes of FoPLs to provide additional insights into optimal methods of presenting nutrition information on the front of food packets. Much research to date has focused on two main types of FoPLs - those expressing daily intake values for specific nutrients and those utilising 'traffic light' colour coding...
November 25, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894340/xhmmer3x2-utilizing-hmmer3-s-speed-and-hmmer2-s-sensitivity-and-specificity-in-the-glocal-alignment-mode-for-improved-large-scale-protein-domain-annotation
#6
Choon-Kong Yap, Birgit Eisenhaber, Frank Eisenhaber, Wing-Cheong Wong
BACKGROUND: While the local-mode HMMER3 is notable for its massive speed improvement, the slower glocal-mode HMMER2 is more exact for domain annotation by enforcing full domain-to-sequence alignments. Since a unit of domain necessarily implies a unit of function, local-mode HMMER3 alone remains insufficient for precise function annotation tasks. In addition, the incomparable E-values for the same domain model by different HMMER builds create difficulty when checking for domain annotation consistency on a large-scale basis...
November 29, 2016: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893893/relationship-between-stress-rankings-and-the-overall-hospital-star-ratings-an-analysis-of-150-cities-in-the-united-states
#7
Jianhui Hu, David Nerenz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887799/procedural-and-longer-term-outcomes-of-wire-versus-device-based-antegrade-dissection-and-re-entry-techniques-for-the-percutaneous-revascularization-of-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions
#8
Lorenzo Azzalini, Rustem Dautov, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Soledad Ojeda, Susanna Benincasa, Barbara Bellini, Aris Karatasakis, Jorge Chavarría, Bavana V Rangan, Manuel Pan, Mauro Carlino, Antonio Colombo, Stéphane Rinfret
BACKGROUND: There are few data regarding the procedural and follow-up outcomes of different antegrade dissection/re-entry (ADR) techniques for chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We compiled a multicenter registry of consecutive patients undergoing ADR-based CTO PCI at four high-volume specialized institutions. Patients were divided according to the specific ADR technique used: subintimal tracking and re-entry (STAR), limited antegrade subintimal tracking (LAST), or device-based with the CrossBoss/Stingray system (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA)...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882832/geographic-variation-in-the-quality-and-cost-of-care-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Jason Shafrin, Arijit Ganguli, Yuri Sanchez Gonzalez, Jin Joo Shim, Seth A Seabury
BACKGROUND: There is considerable push to improve value in health care by simultaneously increasing quality while lowering or containing costs. However, for diseases that are best treated with comparatively expensive treatments, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there could be tension between these aims. In this study, we measured geographic variation in quality, access, and cost for patients with RA, a disease with effective but costly specialty treatments. OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographic differences in the quality, access, and cost of care for patients with RA...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881876/the-efficacy-of-high-throughput-sequencing-and-target-enrichment-on-charred-archaeobotanical-remains
#10
H M Nistelberger, O Smith, N Wales, B Star, S Boessenkool
The majority of archaeological plant material is preserved in a charred state. Obtaining reliable ancient DNA data from these remains has presented challenges due to high rates of nucleotide damage, short DNA fragment lengths, low endogenous DNA content and the potential for modern contamination. It has been suggested that high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies coupled with DNA enrichment techniques may overcome some of these limitations. Here we report the findings of HTS and target enrichment on four important archaeological crops (barley, grape, maize and rice) performed in three different laboratories, presenting the largest HTS assessment of charred archaeobotanical specimens to date...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871102/new-risk-curves-for-nhtsa-s-brain-injury-criterion-bric-derivations-and-assessments
#11
Tony R Laituri, Scott Henry, Kevin Pline, Guosong Li, Michael Frankstein, Para Weerappuli
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently published a Request for Comments regarding a potential upgrade to the US New Car Assessment Program (US NCAP) - a star-rating program pertaining to vehicle crashworthiness. Therein, NHTSA (a) cited two metrics for assessing head risk: Head Injury Criterion (HIC15) and Brain Injury Criterion (BrIC), and (b) proposed to conduct risk assessment via its risk curves for those metrics, but did not prescribe a specific method for applying them. Recent studies, however, have indicated that the NHTSA risk curves for BrIC significantly overstate field-based head injury rates...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866072/general-expressions-for-r1%C3%AF-relaxation-for-n-site-chemical-exchange-and-the-special-case-of-linear-chains
#12
Hans Koss, Mark Rance, Arthur G Palmer
Exploration of dynamic processes in proteins and nucleic acids by spin-locking NMR experiments has been facilitated by the development of theoretical expressions for the R1ρ relaxation rate constant covering a variety of kinetic situations. Herein, we present a generalized approximation to the chemical exchange, Rex, component of R1ρ for arbitrary kinetic schemes, assuming the presence of a dominant major site population, derived from the negative reciprocal trace of the inverse Bloch-McConnell evolution matrix...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845599/n-acetylcysteine-protects-against-star-fruit-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#13
Maria Heloisa Massola Shimizu, Pedro Henrique França Gois, Rildo Aparecido Volpini, Daniele Canale, Weverton Machado Luchi, Leila Froeder, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg, Antonio Carlos Seguro
BACKGROUND: Star fruit (SF) is a popular fruit, commonly cultivated in many tropical countries, that contains large amount of oxalate. Acute oxalate nephropathy and direct renal tubular damage through release of free radicals are the main mechanisms involved in SF-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on SF-induced nephrotoxicity due to its potent antioxidant effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats received SF juice (4 mL/100 g body weight) by gavage after a 12 h fasting and water deprivation...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834576/medicare-advantage-issues-insights-and-implications-for-the-future
#14
Paul Cotton, Joseph P Newhouse, Kevin G Volpp, A Mark Fendrick, Susan Lynne Oesterle, Pat Oungpasuk, Ruchi Aggarwal, Gail Wilensky, Kathleen Sebelius
Medicare Advantage: Issues, Insights, and Implications for the Future Paul Cotton, Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD, Kevin G. Volpp, MD, PhD, A. Mark Fendrick, MD, Susan Lynne Oesterle, Pat Oungpasuk, Ruchi Aggarwal, Gail Wilensky, PhD, and Kathleen Sebelius Editorial    S-2 D.B. Nash, and A.Y. Schwartz The History, Impact, and Future of the Medicare Advantage Star Ratings System    S-3 P. Cotton Medicare Advantage and Traditional Fee-For-Service Medicare    S-4 J.P. Newhouse Behavioral Economics: Key to Effective Care Management Programs for Patients, Payers, and Providers    S-5 K...
November 2016: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829445/improving-early-childhood-care-and-development-hiv-testing-treatment-and-support-and-nutrition-in-mokhotlong-lesotho-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Marguerite Marlow, Lucie Cluver, Peter Cooper, Lynne Murray, Shoeshoe Mofokeng, Nathene Morley, Moroesi Makhetha, Sarah Gordon, Tonya Esterhuizen, Lorraine Sherr
BACKGROUND: Since 1990, the lives of 48 million children under the age of 5 years have been saved because of increased investments in reducing child mortality. However, despite these unprecedented gains, 250 million children younger than 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) cannot meet their developmental potential due to poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of necessary stimulation and care. Lesotho has high levels of poverty, HIV, and malnutrition, all of which affect child development outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828028/space-debris-detection-in-optical-image-sequences
#16
Jiangbo Xi, Desheng Wen, Okan K Ersoy, Hongwei Yi, Dalei Yao, Zongxi Song, Shaobo Xi
We present a high-accuracy, low false-alarm rate, and low computational-cost methodology for removing stars and noise and detecting space debris with low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in optical image sequences. First, time-index filtering and bright star intensity enhancement are implemented to remove stars and noise effectively. Then, a multistage quasi-hypothesis-testing method is proposed to detect the pieces of space debris with continuous and discontinuous trajectories. For this purpose, a time-index image is defined and generated...
October 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826402/the-prevalence-of-selected-intrinsic-risk-factors-for-ankle-sprain-among-elite-football-and-basketball-players
#17
Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Maryam Mirshahi, Mohammad Hosein Pourgharib Shahi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are among the most common sports- related injuries and the reinjury rate is very high. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of some intrinsic risk factors among professional football and basketball players with or without history of acute or recurrent ankle sprain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and six professional football and basketball players who were referred for pre-participation examinations were recruited in this study...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821125/advancing-services-for-adult-adhd-the-development-of-the-adhd-star-as-a-framework-for-multidisciplinary-interventions
#18
Marios Adamou, Katharine Graham, Joy MacKeith, Sara Burns, Lisa-Marie Emerson
BACKGROUND: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is prevalent in adulthood, resulting in serious impairment across multiple domains of living. Despite clinical guidance recommendations, the relative infancy of research on service provision for adults with ADHD, along with the evidence transfer gap, means that there is a lack of specific frameworks for service delivery. Igniting research and developing service delivery frameworks within adult ADHD is an essential step in the provision of effective services for adults with ADHD...
November 8, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819761/onset-and-heterogeneity-of-responsiveness-to-fsh-in-mouse-preantral-follicles-in-culture
#19
Kate Hardy, Mark Fenwick, Jocelyn Mora, Mhairi Laird, Kacie Thomson, Stephen Franks
The obligatory role of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in normal development and function of antral follicles in the mammalian ovary is well recognized but its function in preantral growth is less clear. The specific objective of this study was to investigate the response, in culture, to FSH of mouse preantral follicles of increasing size, focusing particularly on growth rate and gene expression. Preantral follicles were mechanically isolated from ovaries of C57BL/6 mice, 12-16 days post partum and single follicles cultured for up to 96h in medium alone (n=511) or with rhFSH 10ng/ml (n=546)...
November 7, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818845/rate-dependent-stiffness-and-recovery-in-interpenetrating-network-hydrogels-through-sacrificial-metal-coordination-bonds
#20
Matthew S Menyo, Craig J Hawker, J Herbert Waite
Four-arm poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) star polymers modified with 3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone (HOPO) end groups were shown to form transient, coordination networks upon addition of trivalent cations In(3+), Fe(3+), and Al(3+). These coordination-based hydrogels exhibited high activation energies of viscoelasticity (34 kT) and characteristic bond lifetimes tunable over 2 orders of magnitude and could be incorporated into poly(hydroxyethylacrylamide)-based covalent scaffolds to create interpenetrating network hydrogels...
November 17, 2015: ACS Macro Letters
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