keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

star ratings

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725856/association-between-medicare-star-ratings-for-patient-experience-and-medicare-spending-per-beneficiary-for-us-hospitals
#1
Stephen Trzeciak, John P Gaughan, Joshua Bosire, Mark Angelo, Adam S Holzberg, Anthony J Mazzarelli
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between patient experience and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) spending at the hospital level. METHODS: Using CMS Hospital Compare data set, we analyzed 2014 data for CMS patient experience star ratings and the hospital Medicare Spending per Beneficiary (MSPB) Measure, which assesses price-standardized, risk-adjusted payments for services provided to Medicare beneficiaries for an episode of care from 3 days before hospital admission to 30 days following discharge...
March 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721540/temporal-expression-of-cumulus-cell-marker-genes-during-in-vitro-maturation-and-oocyte-developmental-competence
#2
Arindam Dhali, Pradeep Krishna Javvaji, Atul P Kolte, Joseph Rabinson Francis, Sudhir C Roy, Veerasamy Sejian
PURPOSE: Cumulus cells (CC) play important roles in oocyte development and cumulus expressed genes can be used as markers for oocyte quality. This study aimed to investigate temporal changes in the expression of cumulus marker genes during oocyte maturation as possible biomarkers of embryo developmental competence in ovine. METHODS: Gene expression was assessed in the CC of the BCB+ (developmentally competent) and BCB- (developmentally poor) oocytes at 0, 12, and 24 h of in vitro maturation (IVM)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717900/elements-of-program-design-in-medicare-s-value-based-and-alternative-payment-models-a-narrative-review
#3
Karen E Joynt Maddox, Aditi P Sen, Lok Wong Samson, Rachael B Zuckerman, Nancy DeLew, Arnold M Epstein
Increasing emphasis on value in health care has spurred the development of value-based and alternative payment models. Inherent in these models are choices around program scope (broad vs. narrow); selecting absolute or relative performance targets; rewarding improvement, achievement, or both; and offering penalties, rewards, or both. We examined and classified current Medicare payment models-the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP), Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program (HVBP), Hospital-Acquired Conditions Reduction Program (HACRP), Medicare Advantage Quality Star Rating program, Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier (VM) and its successor, the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), and the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) on these elements of program design and reviewed the literature to place findings in context...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717573/in-vivo-digital-wavefront-sensing-using-swept-source-oct
#4
Abhishek Kumar, Lara M Wurster, Matthias Salas, Laurin Ginner, Wolfgang Drexler, Rainer A Leitgeb
Sub-aperture based digital adaptive optics is demonstrated in a fiber based point scanning optical coherence tomography system using a 1060 nm swept source laser. To detect optical aberrations in-vivo, a small lateral field of view of ~[Formula: see text] is scanned on the sample at a high volume rate of 17 Hz (~1.3 kHz B-scan rate) to avoid any significant lateral and axial motion of the sample, and is used as a "guide star" for the sub-aperture based DAO. The proof of principle is demonstrated using a micro-beads phantom sample, wherein a significant root mean square wavefront error (RMS WFE) of 1...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714433/ultra-processed-family-foods-in-australia-nutrition-claims-health-claims-and-marketing-techniques
#5
Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Jane Anne Scott, Christina Mary Pollard
OBJECTIVE: To objectively evaluate voluntary nutrition and health claims and marketing techniques present on packaging of high-market-share ultra-processed foods (UPF) in Australia for their potential impact on public health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Packaging information from five high-market-share food manufacturers and one retailer were obtained from supermarket and manufacturers' websites. SUBJECTS: Ingredients lists for 215 UPF were examined for presence of added sugar...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706068/reconciling-solar-and-stellar-magnetic-cycles-with-nonlinear-dynamo-simulations
#6
A Strugarek, P Beaudoin, P Charbonneau, A S Brun, J-D do Nascimento
The magnetic fields of solar-type stars are observed to cycle over decadal periods-11 years in the case of the Sun. The fields originate in the turbulent convective layers of stars and have a complex dependency upon stellar rotation rate. We have performed a set of turbulent global simulations that exhibit magnetic cycles varying systematically with stellar rotation and luminosity. We find that the magnetic cycle period is inversely proportional to the Rossby number, which quantifies the influence of rotation on turbulent convection...
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702465/a-dynamic-transmission-model-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-infection-control-strategies
#7
Karim Khader, Alun Thomas, W Charles Huskins, Molly Leecaster, Yue Zhang, Tom Greene, Andrew Redd, Matthew H Samore
BACKGROUND: The advancement of knowledge about control of antibiotic resistance depends on the rigorous evaluation of alternative intervention strategies. The STAR*ICU trial examined the effects of active surveillance and expanded barrier precautions on acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) in intensive care units. We report a reanalyses of the STAR*ICU trial using a Bayesian transmission modeling framework. METHODS: The data included admission and discharge times and surveillance test times and results...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701293/online-reviews-as-health-data-examining-the-association-between-availability-of-health-care-services-and-patient-star-ratings-exemplified-by-the-yelp-academic-dataset
#8
Nam N Tran, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: There have been public health interventions that aim to reduce barriers to health care access by extending opening hours of health care facilities. However, the impact of opening hours from the patient's perspective is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between temporal accessibility of health care services and how patients rate the providers on Yelp, an online review website that is popular in the United States...
July 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698819/the-effects-of-melatonin-on-bovine-uniparental-embryos-development-in-vitro-and-the-hormone-secretion-of-cocs
#9
Shujuan Wang, Baoru Liu, Wenju Liu, Yao Xiao, Hualin Zhang, Liguo Yang
Melatonin is a unique multifunctional molecule that mediates reproductive functions in animals. In this study, we investigated the effects of melatonin on bovine parthenogenetic and androgenetic embryonic development, oocyte maturation, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in parthenogenetic and androgenetic embryos and cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) hormone secretion with melatonin supplementation at four concentrations (0, 10, 20, and 30 pmol/mL), respectively. The results showed that melatonin significantly promoted the rates of bovine parthenogenetic and androgenetic embryonic cleavage and morula and blastocysts development (P < 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693331/patient-and-provider-characteristics-associated-with-optimal-post-fracture-osteoporosis-management
#10
Natalie N Boytsov, Albert G Crawford, Leslie Ann Hazel-Fernandez, John F McAna, Radhika Nair, Vishal Saundankar, Stefan Varga, Fan Emily Yang
Despite an estimated 2 million osteoporosis (OP)-related fractures annually, quality of care for post-fracture OP management remains low. This study aimed to identify patient and provider characteristics associated with achieving or not achieving optimal post-fracture OP management, as defined by the current HEDIS quality measure. The study included women 67 to 85 years of age, with ≥1 fracture, and continuous enrollment in a Humana insurance plan. The study identified a higher percentage of black women in the not achieved group (6...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685550/a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-application-of-light-cured-colored-compomer-for-deciduous-teeth
#11
L J Yan, P Chang, R H Tian
Twinky Star colored compomer produced by VOCO GmbH is a new type of filling material designed with seven different colors. Previous studies have shown that using the colored filling material can induce children’s curiosity and increase the acceptance for dental treatment. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate it. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the mechanical and adhesive properties of this new compomer, examine its biological safety, and evaluate the effects of its clinical application on children’s adherence to dental treatment and the subsequent therapeutic outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678999/association-of-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-overall-hospital-quality-star-rating-with-outcomes-in-advanced-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#12
Christina Y Koh, Colette S Inaba, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Ninh T Nguyen
Importance: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently released the Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating to help patients compare hospitals based on a 5-star scale. The star rating was designed to assess overall quality of the institution; thus, its validity toward specifically assessing surgical quality is unknown. Objective: To examine whether CMS high-star hospitals (HSHs) have improved patient outcomes and resource use in advanced laparoscopic abdominal surgery compared with low-star hospitals (LSHs)...
July 5, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678187/incorporating-added-sugar-improves-the-performance-of-the-health-star-rating-front-of-pack-labelling-system-in-australia
#13
Sanne A E Peters, Elizabeth Dunford, Alexandra Jones, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Michelle Crino, Fraser Taylor, Mark Woodward, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The Health Star Rating (HSR) is an interpretive front-of-pack labelling system that rates the overall nutritional profile of packaged foods. The algorithm underpinning the HSR includes total sugar content as one of the components. This has been criticised because intrinsic sugars naturally present in dairy, fruits, and vegetables are treated the same as sugars added during food processing. We assessed whether the HSR could better discriminate between core and discretionary foods by including added sugar in the underlying algorithm...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668616/influence-of-flavonols-and-quercetin-derivative-compounds-on-ma-10-leydig-cells-steroidogenic-genes-expressions
#14
Michelle Cormier, Firas Ghouili, Pauline Roumaud, Luc J Martin, Mohamed Touaibia
Androgen are mainly synthesized and secreted from testicular Leydig cells and play critical roles in testis development, normal masculinization, spermatogenesis, and male fertility. The rate-limiting step in testosterone biosynthesis involves the import of cholesterol inside mitochondria by the steroidogenic acute regulatory (Star) protein. Cholesterol is then converted to pregnenolone by the steroidogenic enzyme Cyp11a1, followed by a chemical transformation to testosterone using other steroidogenic enzymes...
June 28, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666831/steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-star-gene-expression-construct-development-nanodelivery-and-effect-on-reproduction-in-air-breathing-catfish-clarias-batrachus
#15
Pravesh Kumar Rathor, Irfan Ahmad Bhat, Mohd Ashraf Rather, Pathakota Gireesh-Babu, Kundan Kumar, Suresh Babu Padinhate Purayil, Rupam Sharma
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) is responsible for the relocation of cholesterol across mitochondrial membrane in vertebrates and is, therefore, a key factor in regulating the rate and timing of steroidogenesis. In the present study, we developed chitosan nanoparticle (CNP) conjugated StAR gene construct (CNP-pcDNA4-StAR) in a eukaryotic expression vector, pcDNA4/HisMax A. CNPs of 135.4nm diameter, 26.7mV zeta potential and 0.381 polydispersity index were used for conjugation. The loading efficiency (LE) of pcDNA4-StAR construct with CNPs was found to be 86%...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665483/understanding-the-relationship-between-the-centers-for-medicare-and-medicaid-services-hospital-compare-star-rating-surgical-case-volume-and-short-term-outcomes-after-major-cancer-surgery
#16
Deborah R Kaye, Edward C Norton, Chad Ellimoottil, Zaojun Ye, James M Dupree, Lindsey A Herrel, David C Miller
BACKGROUND: Both the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' (CMS) Hospital Compare star rating and surgical case volume have been publicized as metrics that can help patients to identify high-quality hospitals for complex care such as cancer surgery. The current study evaluates the relationship between the CMS' star rating, surgical volume, and short-term outcomes after major cancer surgery. METHODS: National Medicare data were used to evaluate the relationship between hospital star ratings and cancer surgery volume quintiles...
June 30, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651475/high-frequency-ventilation-modalities-as-salvage-therapy-for-smoke-inhalation-associated-acute-lung-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Andrew C Miller, Paula A Ferrada, Sameer S Kadri, Krupa Nataraj-Bhandari, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Sadeq A Quraishi
BACKGROUND: Smoke inhalation-associated acute lung injury (SI-ALI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in victims of fire tragedies. To date, there are no evidence-based guidelines on ventilation strategies in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after smoke inhalation. We reviewed the existing literature for clinical studies of salvage mechanical ventilation (MV) strategies in patients with SI-ALI, focusing on mortality and pneumonia as outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search was designed in accordance with preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636755/technical-note-combination-of-multiple-epid-imager-layers-improves-image-quality-and-tracking-performance-of-low-contrast-to-noise-objects
#18
Stephen Sf Yip, Joerg Rottmann, Haijian Chen, Daniel Morf, Rony Füglistaller, Josh Star-Lack, George Zentai, Ross Berbeco
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that combining multiple amorphous silicon flat panel layers increases photon detection efficiency in an electronic portal imaging device (EPID), improving image quality and tracking accuracy of low contrast targets during radiotherapy METHODS: The prototype imager evaluated in this study contained 4 individually programmable layers each with a copper converter layer, Gd2 O2 S scintillator and active-matrix flat panel imager (AMFPI). The imager was placed on a Varian TrueBeam linac and a Las Vegas phantom programmed with sinusoidal motion (peak-to-peak amplitude=20mm, Period=3...
June 21, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621432/regulatory-heterochronies-and-loose-temporal-scaling-between-sea-star-and-sea-urchin-regulatory-circuits
#19
Tsvia Gildor, Veronica Hinman, Smadar Ben-Tabou-De-Leon
It has long been argued that heterochrony, a change in relative timing of a developmental process, is a major source of evolutionary innovation. Heterochronic changes of regulatory gene activation could be the underlying molecular mechanism driving heterochronic changes through evolution. Here, we compare the temporal expression profiles of key regulatory circuits between sea urchin and sea star, representative of two classes of Echinoderms that shared a common ancestor about 500 million years ago. The morphologies of the sea urchin and sea star embryos are largely comparable, yet, differences in certain mesodermal cell types and ectodermal patterning result in distinct larval body plans...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617491/deciphering-the-dynamics-of-star-molecules-in-shear-flow
#20
Jurij Sablić, Matej Praprotnik, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni
This work analyses the rotation of star polymers under shear flow, in melts, and in good solvent dilute solution. The latter is modeled by single molecule Brownian hydrodynamics, while melts are modeled using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics in closed (periodic) boxes and in open boundaries. A Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) thermostat introduces pairwise monomer friction in melts at will, in directions normal and tangent to the monomer-monomer vectors. Although tangential friction is seldom modeled, we show that it is essential to control hydrodynamic effects in melts...
June 15, 2017: Soft Matter
keyword
keyword
27074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"