keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

star ratings

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924383/functional-analysis-of-a-novel-foxl2-indel-mutation-in-chinese-families-with-blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus-inversus-syndrome-type-i
#1
Peiwei Chai, Fang Li, Jiayan Fan, Ruobin Jia, He Zhang, Xianqun Fan
Background: Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant disease with a low incidence rate. Indel mutations in the forkhead box L2 (FOXL2) gene cause two types of BPES that are distinguished by the presence (type I) or absence (type II) of premature ovarian failure (POF). The purpose of this study was to identify a possible deletion in FOXL2 in Chinese families with BPES and to clarify its relationship with POF. Methods: An autosomal dominant Chinese BPES family with four generations was enrolled in this study...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924103/pravastatin-reduces-the-risk-of-atherothrombotic-stroke-when-administered-within-six-months-of-an-initial-stroke-event
#2
Naohisa Hosomi, Yoji Nagai, Kazuo Kitagawa, Yoko Nakagawa, Shiro Aoki, Tomohisa Nezu, Tatsuo Kagimura, Hirofumi Maruyama, Hideki Origasa, Kazuo Minematsu, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
AIMS: The J-STARS study examined whether pravastatin (10 mg/day) reduces recurrence of stroke in non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke patients who were enrolled within 1 month to 3 years after initial stroke events (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00221104). The main results showed that the frequency of atherothrombotic stroke was low in pravastatin-treated patients, although no effect of pravastatin was found for the other stroke subtypes. We evaluated differences of early (within 6 months) or late (after 6 months) pravastatin treatment benefits on the incidence of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), as well as atherothrombotic stroke and the other subtypes...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922813/meta-analyses-and-the-evidence-base-for-microbial-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-complex-disease
#3
Jotam G Pasipanodya, Deborah Ogbonna, Devyani Deshpande, Shashikant Srivastava, Tawanda Gumbo
Objectives: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the level of funding support and the sputum culture conversion rates in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (P-MAC) disease in adult patients without cystic fibrosis or HIV infection, treated with recommended antibiotic regimens. Methods: We performed a literature search to identify clinical trials, prospective studies and registries that reported outcomes in P-MAC patients. Studies that reported P-MAC diagnosis and treatments based on established guidelines met the inclusion criteria and were examined for bias and quality...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917125/what-makes-a-face-photo-a-good-likeness
#5
Kay L Ritchie, Robin S S Kramer, A Mike Burton
Photographs of people are commonly said to be 'good likenesses' or 'poor likenesses', and this is a concept that we readily understand. Despite this, there has been no systematic investigation of what makes an image a good likeness, or of which cognitive processes are involved in making such a judgement. In three experiments, we investigate likeness judgements for different types of images: natural images of film stars (Experiment 1), images of film stars from specific films (Experiment 2), and iconic images and face averages (Experiment 3)...
September 13, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902209/application-of-the-eckart-frame-to-soft-matter-rotation-of-star-polymers-under-shear-flow
#6
Jurij Sablić, Rafael Delgado-Buscalioni, Matej Praprotnik
The Eckart co-rotating frame is used to analyze the dynamics of star polymers under shear flow, either in melt or solution and with different types of bonds. This formalism is compared with the standard approach used in many previous studies on polymer dynamics, where an apparent angular velocity ω is obtained from the relation between the tensor of inertia and angular momentum. A common mistake is to interpret ω as the molecular rotation frequency, which is only valid for rigid-body rotation. The Eckart frame, originally formulated to analyze the infrared spectra of small molecules, dissects different kinds of displacements: vibrations without angular momentum, pure rotation, and vibrational angular momentum (leading to a Coriolis cross-term)...
September 13, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899901/do-the-stars-align-distribution-of-high-quality-ratings-of-healthcare-sectors-across-us-markets
#7
Jose Figueroa, Yevgeniy Feyman, Daniel Blumenthal, Ashish Jha
BACKGROUND: The US government created five-star rating systems to evaluate hospital, nursing homes, home health agency and dialysis centre quality. The degree to which quality is a property of organisations versus geographical markets is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether high-quality healthcare service sectors are clustered within US healthcare markets. DESIGN: Using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Hospital, Dialysis, Nursing Home and Home Health Compare databases, we calculated the mean star ratings of four healthcare sectors in 304 US hospital referral regions (HRRs)...
September 12, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895220/consumers-response-to-an-on-shelf-nutrition-labelling-system-in-supermarkets-evidence-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#8
Erin Hobin, Bryan Bollinger, Jocelyn Sacco, Eli Liebman, Lana Vanderlee, Fei Zuo, Laura Rosella, Mary L'abbe, Heather Manson, David Hammond
Policy Points: On-shelf nutrition labelling systems in supermarkets, such as the Guiding Stars system, are intended to provide consumers with simple, standardized nutrition information to support more informed and healthier food choices. Policies that support the provision of simplified nutrition labelling systems may encourage consumers to make positive shifts in food-purchasing behaviors. The shifts in consumer food-purchasing patterns observed in our study after the introduction of the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets translated into measurable nutritional benefits, including more items purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881933/incorporating-context-dependency-of-species-interactions-in-species-distribution-models
#9
Nina K Lany, Phoebe L Zarnetske, Tarik C Gouhier, Bruce A Menge
Species distribution models typically use correlative approaches that characterize the species-environment relationship using occurrence or abundance data for a single species. However, species distributions are determined by both abiotic conditions and biotic interactions with other species in the community. Therefore, climate change is expected to impact species through direct effects on their physiology and indirect effects propagated through their resources, predators, competitors, or mutualists. Furthermore, the sign and strength of species interactions can change according to abiotic conditions, resulting in context-dependent species interactions that may change across space or with climate change...
July 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879214/chicken-domestication-changes-expression-of-stress-related-genes-in-brain-pituitary-and-adrenals
#10
Pia Løtvedt, Amir Fallahshahroudi, Lejla Bektic, Jordi Altimiras, Per Jensen
Domesticated species have an attenuated behavioral and physiological stress response compared to their wild counterparts, but the genetic mechanisms underlying this change are not fully understood. We investigated gene expression of a panel of stress response-related genes in five tissues known for their involvement in the stress response: hippocampus, hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal glands and liver of domesticated White Leghorn chickens and compared it with the wild ancestor of all domesticated breeds, the Red Junglefowl...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859926/impact-of-accurate-30-day-status-on-operative-mortality-wanted-dead-or-alive-not-unknown
#11
W Steves Ring, James R Edgerton, Morley Herbert, Syma Prince, Cathy Knoff, Kristin M Jenkins, Michael E Jessen, Baron L Hamman
BACKGROUND: Risk-adjusted operative mortality is the most important quality metric in cardiac surgery for determining The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Composite Score for star ratings. Accurate 30-day status is required to determine STS operative mortality. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of unknown or missing 30-day status on risk-adjusted operative mortality in a regional STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database cooperative and demonstrate the ability to correct these deficiencies by matching with an administrative database...
August 28, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859183/association-between-patient-value-systems-and-physician-and-practice-attributes-available-online
#12
Jamie L Welshhans, Jeffrey J Harmon, Ira Papel, Richard Gentile, Devinder Mangat, Patrick Byrne, Ryan M Collar
Importance: The relative value of facial plastic surgeon personal and practice attributes is relevant to the broader health care system because of increasing out-of-pocket expenses to patients. Objective: To determine the relative value of specific facial plastic surgeon personal and practice attributes available online from the perspective of patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study consisted of an electronic survey sent to patients by email using choice-based conjoint analysis; surveys were sent between December 2015 and March 2016...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858443/quality-of-life-functioning-and-depressive-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-treated-with-citalopram-in-the-star-d-study
#13
Alexander J Steiner, Jennifer Recacho, Brigitte Vanle, Jonathan Dang, Stephanie M Wright, Justin S Miller, Kaitlyn Kauzor, Mark Reid, Luma E Bashmi, James Mirocha, Itai Danovitch, Waguih William IsHak
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) can substantially worsen patient-reported quality of life (QOL) and functioning. Prior studies have examined the role of age in MDD by comparing depressive symptom severity or remission rates between younger and older adults. This study examines these outcomes before and after SSRI treatment. On the basis of prior research, we hypothesized that older adults would have worse treatment outcomes in QOL, functioning, and depressive symptom severity and that nonremitters would have worse outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858302/proper-motion-age-dating-of-the-progeny-of-nova-scorpii-ad-1437
#14
M M Shara, K Iłkiewicz, J Mikołajewska, A Pagnotta, M F Bode, L A Crause, K Drozd, J Faherty, I Fuentes-Morales, J E Grindlay, A F J Moffat, M L Pretorius, L Schmidtobreick, F R Stephenson, C Tappert, D Zurek
'Cataclysmic variables' are binary star systems in which one star of the pair is a white dwarf, and which often generate bright and energetic stellar outbursts. Classical novae are one type of outburst: when the white dwarf accretes enough matter from its companion, the resulting hydrogen-rich atmospheric envelope can host a runaway thermonuclear reaction that generates a rapid brightening. Achieving peak luminosities of up to one million times that of the Sun, all classical novae are recurrent, on timescales of months to millennia...
August 30, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846618/the-collaborative-payer-provider-model-enhances-primary-care-producing-triple-aim-plus-one-outcomes-a-cohort-study
#15
Thomas Doerr, Lisa Olsen, Deborah Zimmerman
Rising health care costs are threatening the fiscal solvency of patients, employers, payers, and governments. The Collaborative Payer Provider Model (CPPM) addresses this challenge by reinventing the role of the payer into a full-service collaborative ally of the physician. From 2010 through 2014, a Medicare Advantage plan prospectively deployed the CPPM, averaging 30,561 members with costs that were 73.6% of fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare (p < 0.001). The health plan was not part of an integrated delivery system...
August 27, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844631/improving-value-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-the-role-of-high-volume-hospitals
#16
P Maxwell Courtney, Nicholas B Frisch, Daniel D Bohl, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Recent healthcare reform efforts have focused on improving the quality of total joint replacement care while reducing overall costs. The purpose of this study is to determine if higher volume centers have lower costs and better outcomes than lower volume hospitals. METHODS: We queried the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Charge Data and identified 2702 hospitals that performed a total of 458,259 primary arthroplasty procedures in 2014...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844422/dietary-supplementation-with-essence-of-chicken-enhances-daily-oscillations-in-plasma-glucocorticoid-levels-and-behavioral-adaptation-to-the-phase-shifted-environmental-light-dark-cycle-in-mice
#17
Adila Dilixiati, Satoru Koyanagi, Naoki Kusunose, Naoya Matsunaga, Shigehiro Ohdo
Maintenance of circadian rhythms is essential to many aspects of human health, including metabolism and neurological and psychiatric well-being. Chronic disruption of circadian clock function is implicated in increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular events and development of cancers. However, there are little approaches to reinforce the function of circadian clock for prevention of these diseases. Essence of Chicken (EC) is a nutritional supplement that is traditionally made by extracting water soluble substances derived from cooking the whole chicken...
August 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835586/effects-of-additive-tolvaptan-vs-increased-furosemide-on-heart-failure-with-diuretic-resistance-and-renal-impairment%C3%A3-results-from-the-k-star-study
#18
Takayuki Inomata, Yuki Ikeda, Keisuke Kida, Yugo Shibagaki, Naoki Sato, Yuji Kumagai, Hisahito Shinagawa, Junya Ako, Tohru Izumi
BACKGROUND: Although diuretic resistance leading to residual congestion is a known predictor of a poorer heart failure (HF) prognosis, better therapeutic strategies for effective and safe decongestion have not been established.Methods and Results:In this study, 81 HF patients with fluid retention (despite taking ≥40 mg/day furosemide (FUR)), with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m(2), were randomized into 2 groups and administered either ≤15 mg/day additive tolvaptan (TLV) or ≤40 mg/day increased FUR for 7 days...
August 22, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833903/nonremission-and-time-to-remission-among-remitters-in-major-depressive-disorder-revisiting-star-d
#19
Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND: Some individuals with major depressive disorder do not experience a remission even after one or more adequate treatment trials. In some others who experience remission, it happens at variable times. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of nonremission in a large sample of patient participating in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) trial and to identify correlates of nonremission and time to remission among remitters. METHODS: Using data from 3,606 participants of STAR*D, the study used cure regression modeling to estimate nonremission and jointly model correlates of nonremission and time to remission among the remitters...
August 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829380/effects-of-a-voluntary-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling-system-on-packaged-food-reformulation-the-health-star-rating-system-in-new-zealand
#20
Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Helen Eyles, Yeun-Hyang Choi
Interpretive, front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels may encourage reformulation of packaged foods. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the Health Star Rating (HSR), a new voluntary interpretive FOP labelling system, on food reformulation in New Zealand. Annual surveys of packaged food and beverage labelling and composition were undertaken in supermarkets before and after adoption of HSR i.e., 2014 to 2016. Outcomes assessed were HSR uptake by food group star ratings of products displaying a HSR label; nutritional composition of products displaying HSR compared with non-HSR products; and the composition of products displaying HSR labels in 2016 compared with their composition prior to introduction of HSR...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
27074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"