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geriatric pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397583/post-stroke-hypertension-control-and-receipt-of-health-care-services-among-veterans
#1
Dhanashri D Kohok, Jason J Sico, Fitsum Baye, Laura Myers, Jessica Coffing, Masoor Kamalesh, Dawn M Bravata
Many ischemic stroke patients do not achieve goal blood pressure (BP < 140/90 mm Hg). To identify barriers to post-stroke hypertension management, we examined healthcare utilization and BP control in the year after index ischemic stroke admission. This retrospective cohort study included patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke to a VA hospital in fiscal year 2011 and who were discharged with a BP ≥ 140/90 mm Hg. One-year post-discharge, BP trajectories, utilization of primary care, specialty and ancillary services were studied...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336278/use-of-2015-beers-criteria-medications-by-older-medicare-beneficiaries
#2
Rajul Patel, Leona Zhu, Dilraj Sohal, Elena Lenkova, Nichole Koshki, Joseph Woelfel, Carly Ranson, Cynthia S Valle-Oseguera, Edward L Rogan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries based on the updated 2015 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Thirteen mobile Medicare clinics were held throughout Northern and Central California during the fall of 2015. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age and older taking one or more medications...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336276/streamlining-the-medication-review-process-by-use-of-a-new-review-tool-chart
#3
Quincy Ostrem, Stephen Carlson, Brady Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: The Carlson-Hamilton Adult Medication Review Tool (CHART) represents an effort to improve the approach to geriatric care by streamlining the medication review process and identifying potential medication issues that may be relevant to patient's cognitive presentation and impact clinical decision making. SETTING: CHART was created at a behavioral health facility. The most common primary diagnoses on this unit include new onset psychosis and recent mental status changes...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301226/impact-of-pharmacist-conducted-comprehensive-medication-reviews-for-older-adult-patients-to-reduce-medication-related-problems
#4
Whitney J Kiel, Shaun W Phillips
Older adults are demanding increased healthcare attention with regards to prescription use due in large part to highly complex medication regimens. As patients age, medications often have a more pronounced effect on older adults, negatively impacting patient safety and increasing healthcare costs. Comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) optimize medications for elderly patients and help to avoid inappropriate medication use. Previous literature has shown that such CMRs can successfully identify and reduce the number of medication-related problems and improve acute healthcare utilization...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248080/case-based-studies-in-teaching-medicinal-chemistry-in-pharmd-curriculum-perspectives-of-students-faculty-and-pharmacists-from-academia
#5
Joydip Das, Julianna Fernandez, Dhara Shah, Louis Williams, Munder Zagaar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy practice has evolved tremendously over the years to meet the demands of the growing healthcare system. Foundational sciences like, medicinal chemistry can enhance the critical-thinking and therapeutic decision-making skills of today's professional pharmacists. The importance of medicinal chemistry for the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum has been discussed from the perspectives of medicinal chemistry and practicing clinical faculty whose focused practices vary from infectious diseases to geriatrics...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233310/incorporating-age-related-special-populations-into-a-pharmacy-skills-laboratory-course-sequence
#6
Amber M Hutchison, Lea S Eiland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose was this study was to evaluate the incorporation of geriatric and pediatric therapeutic concepts into a pharmacy skills laboratory (PSL) course sequence. Secondary outcomes were to describe the incorporation and evaluate the assessment effectiveness of these topics. Educational activity and setting Teaching materials and assessment data from the PSL course were evaluated for inclusion of content regarding age-related special populations. FINDINGS: Materials reviewed from 205 PSL sessions held over four years demonstrated 89 (41...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233292/geriatric-care-curriculum-in-us-pharmd-programs-what-s-happening
#7
REVIEW
Maria A Felton, Jennie B Jarrett, Susan M Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Current Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards are not explicit regarding geriatrics content. The objective of this review is to describe published examples of how care for older adults is integrated into Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) curricula at accredited schools/colleges of pharmacy across the United States. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched. Manuscripts addressing care for older adults in pharmacy curriculum in the United States were included in the review...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188412/drug-related-problems-identified-during-geriatric-medication-review-in-the-community-pharmacy
#8
Mounir Rhalimi, Alain Rauss, Eric Housieaux
Background In line with the changing role of community pharmacists, we describe here a standardised procedure for detecting DRPs in elderly patients for use in community pharmacies. Objectives The primary aim was to describe the number and type of DRPs identified by community pharmacists in elderly patients. Secondary aims were to determine the number and type of associated pharmacist interventions (PIs) that were transmitted to the prescribers, and to identify risk factors associated with the occurrence of a PI...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184448/older-adults-and-high-risk-medication-administration-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Mitchell Kim, Steven H Mitchell, Medley Gatewood, Katherine A Bennett, Paul R Sutton, Carol A Crawford, Itay Bentov, Mamatha Damodarasamy, Stephen J Kaplan, May J Reed
Background: Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and benzodiazepines (BZDs). We investigated factors associated with the administration of elevated doses of these medications of interest to older adults (≥65 years old) in the emergency department (ED). Patients and methods: ED records were queried for the administration of medications of interest to older adults at two academic medical center EDs over a 6-month period...
2017: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180141/use-of-a-health-screening-and-education-event-to-change-student-attitudes-toward-the-elderly
#10
Eliza A Dy-Boarman, Sarah A Nisly, David Martin
BACKGROUND: While many schools have incorporated geriatric pharmacy education into their curricula, questions remain as to how these experiences shape student perceptions of the geriatric population. The objective of this study was to assess student comfort levels and perceptions toward the geriatric patient population before and after participation in a single health screening and education event. METHODS: Student perceptions about the elderly (measured via the Geriatrics Attitude Survey) and comfort levels in caring for geriatric patients were assessed before and after an event...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168884/transformation-of-a-geriatric-department-in-china
#11
Birong Dong, Jirong Yue, Li Cao, Ming Yang, Ning Ge, Hao Qiukui, Lujia He, Ying Wang, Joseph H Flaherty
China has the world's largest elderly population, and the oldest-old population, with a current disability rate greater than 50%, will triple in the next 35 years. The field of geriatrics is young, because almost all geriatric departments were established after 2000, and so faces many challenges. Management of diseases and hospital care is the focus. Senior physicians were trained in other subspecialties, such as pulmonary or cardiology, and junior physicians entered geriatrics departments as masters or doctorate students after medical school...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#12
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970439/pharmacist-intervention-program-at-different-rent-levels-of-geriatric-healthcare
#13
Conxita Mestres, Anna Agustí, Marta Hernandez, Laura Puerta, Blanca Llagostera
As a pharmacy service giving pharmaceutical care at different levels of health care for elderly people, we needed a standardization procedure for recording and evaluating pharmacists' interventions. Our objective was to homogenize pharmacist interventions; to know physicians' acceptance of our recommendations, as well as the most prevalent drug related problems (DRP); and the impact of the pharmacists' interventions. To achieve this goal we conducted a one year prospective study at two levels of health care: 176 nursing homes (EAR) (8828 patients) and 2 long-term and subacute care hospitals (HSS) (268 beds)...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970403/assessment-of-perceived-barriers-to-herpes-zoster-vaccination-among-geriatric-primary-care-providers
#14
Katherine Montag Schafer, Shannon Reidt
The herpes zoster vaccine is recommended for use in adults 60 years of age and older to reduce the incidence and morbidity associated with infection. Its limited uptake has been attributed to logistical barriers, but uncertain efficacy and safety in subsets of this patient population could also be contributing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current vaccination practices, barriers to vaccination, knowledge of vaccination reimbursement and strategies to evaluate for insurance coverage among an urban, safety net, teaching hospital, geriatric primary care provider group through a survey administered via paper and online platforms...
October 18, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956283/the-effect-of-computerized-physician-order-entry-template-modifications-on-the-administration-of-high-risk-medications-in-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Mitchell Kim, Stephen J Kaplan, Steven H Mitchell, Medley Gatewood, Itay Bentov, Katherine A Bennett, Carol A Crawford, Paul R Sutton, Diane Matsuwaka, Mamatha Damodarasamy, May J Reed
BACKGROUND: Older adults are more susceptible to adverse events when administered certain medications at doses appropriate for younger adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of default geriatric dosing on computerized physician order entry (CPOE) templates on the subsequent administration of recommended starting doses of opioids, benzodiazepines (BZDs) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to older adults in the emergency department (ED)...
October 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#16
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625935/evaluation-of-prescription-along-three-health-care-periods-in-the-elderly
#17
Fannie Santoni, Valéry Antoine, Alberto di Castri, Maurice Viala, Laetitia Geronimi-Robelin, Cédric LeGuillou, Christine de Taddeo, Sophie Bastide, Claude Jeandel, Benoit de Wazieres
Polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate prescriptions and inadequate coordination between prescribers are among main factors explaining the occurrence of adverse drug events in elderly patients. Prospective and descriptive study of medication prescriptions for elderly patients during a continuous period of health-care: entry in an acute geriatric unit (T1), at discharge (T2) and two months after hospitalization (T3). A global iatrogenic risk was defined: presence of poly-pharmacy and/or PPI (Laroche criteria) and/or absence of quality indicators for prescription according to the French health authority...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612089/the-intensive-care-delirium-research-agenda-a-multinational-interprofessional-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Pratik P Pandharipande, E Wesley Ely, Rakesh C Arora, Michele C Balas, Malaz A Boustani, Gabriel Heras La Calle, Colm Cunningham, John W Devlin, Julius Elefante, Jin H Han, Alasdair M MacLullich, José R Maldonado, Alessandro Morandi, Dale M Needham, Valerie J Page, Louise Rose, Jorge I F Salluh, Tarek Sharshar, Yahya Shehabi, Yoanna Skrobik, Arjen J C Slooter, Heidi A B Smith
Delirium, a prevalent organ dysfunction in critically ill patients, is independently associated with increased morbidity. This last decade has witnessed an exponential growth in delirium research in hospitalized patients, including those critically ill, and this research has highlighted that delirium needs to be better understood mechanistically to help foster research that will ultimately lead to its prevention and treatment. In this invited, evidence-based paper, a multinational and interprofessional group of clinicians and researchers from within the fields of critical care medicine, psychiatry, pediatrics, anesthesiology, geriatrics, surgery, neurology, nursing, pharmacy, and the neurosciences sought to address five questions: (1) What is the current standard of care in managing ICU delirium? (2) What have been the major recent advances in delirium research and care? (3) What are the common delirium beliefs that have been challenged by recent trials? (4) What are the remaining areas of uncertainty in delirium research? (5) What are some of the top study areas/trials to be done in the next 10 years? Herein, we briefly review the epidemiology of delirium, the current best practices for management of critically ill patients at risk for delirium or experiencing delirium, identify recent advances in our understanding of delirium as well as gaps in knowledge, and discuss research opportunities and barriers to implementation, with the goal of promoting an integrated research agenda...
September 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595686/attitudes-of-nursing-facilities-staff-toward-pharmacy-students-interaction-with-its-residents
#19
Donna Adkins, Paul Gavaza, Sharon Deel
OBJECTIVE: All Appalachian College of Pharmacy second-year students undertake the longitudinal geriatric early pharmacy practice experiences (EPPE) 2 course, which involves interacting with geriatric residents in two nursing facilities over two semesters. The study investigated the nursing staff's perceptions about the rotation and the pharmacy students' interaction with nursing facility residents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic setting...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555704/transdisciplinary-research-in-frailty-knowledge-translation-to-inform-new-models-of-care
#20
M Archibald, A Kitson, D Frewin, R Visvanathan
Transforming care for frail older adults requires more than rigorous research. While preventing, identifying and managing frailty are critical to reducing the personal and health systems impact of frailty worldwide, collaborative approaches to research and research application that reflect stakeholder perspectives and priorities are necessary to create meaningful solutions to frailty-related challenges. In South Australia, a new Centre for Research Excellence in Frailty was recently launched with funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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