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Child and adolescent mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#1
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150840/longitudinal-pathways-between-mental-health-difficulties-and-academic-performance-during-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#2
Jessica Deighton, Neil Humphrey, Jay Belsky, Jan Boehnke, Panos Vostanis, Praveetha Patalay
There is a growing appreciation that child functioning in different domains, levels, or systems are interrelated over time. Here, we investigate links between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic attainment during middle childhood and early adolescence, drawing on two large data sets (child: mean age 8.7 at enrolment, n = 5,878; adolescent: mean age 11.7, n = 6,388). Using a 2-year cross-lag design, we test three hypotheses - adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and shared risk - while also examining the moderating influence of gender...
November 18, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135446/-cross-informant-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-adolescent-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-children-with-externalising-symptoms
#3
Dóra Szentiványi, József Halász, Lili O Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Martina Miklós, Mónika Miklósi, Szabina Velo, Péter Vida, Judit Balázs
BACKGROUND: It is well-known phenomena both in clinical practice and research, that there is a discrepancy between the parents' and children's report about children's Quality of Life (QoL). The purpose of our research was to examine the differences in self and caregiver's proxy report of child's QoL. We also compared mothers', fathers' and other caregivers' reports of children's QoL. METHODS: Patients with externalizing symptoms in their history, aged 13-18 years were selected from the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124497/parent-child-endorsement-discrepancies-among-youth-at-chronic-risk-for-depression
#4
Bridget A Makol, Antonio J Polo
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among U.S. adolescents, particularly among Latinos. Parent-child ratings of the presence and severity of child depressive symptoms show only low-to-moderate agreement. However, research has failed to examine discrepancies in populations with the highest levels of unmet need and little is known about patterns and predictors of parent-child agreement in ratings of depressive symptoms among ethnic minority families in community settings. Using a sample of 184 low-income, predominantly Latino, 5th through 7th grade students (63...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117922/depression-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-prevalence-and-treatment-interventions
#5
REVIEW
Swetha Yatham, Shalini Sivathasan, Rosalia Yoon, Tricia L da Silva, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs) not only have the majority of the world's population but also the largest proportion of youth. Poverty, civil conflict and environmental stressors tend to be endemic in these countries and contribute to significant psychiatric morbidity, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, mental health data from LMICs is scarce, particularly data on youth. Evaluation of such information is crucial for planning services and reducing the burden of disability...
October 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#6
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097272/use-of-mental-health-services-by-adolescents-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a
#7
Andrea R S Huebner, Amy Cassedy, Tanya M Brown, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Many patients in need of mental health services do not receive them, but studies have not consistently used prospective and objective methods or followed samples for more than 1 year. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescents' use of mental health services after TBI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five level 1 US trauma centers...
October 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093936/child-and-youth-mental-health-in-postwar-sri-lanka
#8
Miyuru Chandradasa, K A L A Kuruppuarachchi
Sri Lanka's civil war and the tsunami in 2004 had enormous psychological impacts on the country's children. Tackling these issues has been difficult due to the lack of specialists in child and adolescent psychiatry. The end of the war in 2009 opened new avenues for the development of mental health services for children and youth in Sri Lanka. The year 2016 was historic in that the first board-certified child and adolescent psychiatrists assumed services in the country, after training in Australia.
May 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083031/practitioner-review-definition-recognition-and-treatment-challenges-of-irritability-in-young-people
#9
REVIEW
Argyris Stringaris, Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft
BACKGROUND: Irritability is one of the most common reasons for referral to child and adolescent mental health services and is the main characteristic of the new diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). However, the recognition and management of irritability presents a major challenge in clinical practice and may be partly responsible for the dramatic increase in antipsychotic prescribing in recent years. METHODS: In this review, we provide up-to-date information on the definition and mechanisms underlying irritability, and its assessment in clinical practice...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082450/self-reported-mental-health-in-children-ages-6-12%C3%A2-years-across-eight-european-countries
#10
Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Christine Chan-Chee, Dietmar Goelitz, Ceren Koç, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Ondine Pez, Taraneh Shojaei, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Worldwide, approximately one in eight children or adolescents suffers from a mental disorder. The present study was designed to determine the self-reported prevalence of mental health problems in children aged 6-11 years across eight European countries including Italy, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. Data were drawn from 6245 children participating in the School Children Mental Health in Europe (SCHME) study and a large cross-sectional survey in France. Self-reported child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI)...
October 30, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066986/the-mediating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-connections-between-strength-based-parenting-happiness-and-psychological-distress-in-teens
#11
Daniel J Loton, Lea E Waters
Preliminary studies of strength-based parenting (SBP), a style of parenting that seeks to build strengths knowledge and strengths use in one's child, have reported benefits such as higher life satisfaction, subjective wellbeing, and positive emotions together with lower stress in children and teens. Two proximal mediators conveying these effects have been identified: teen's own use of strengths and strength-based coping, along with a small moderating effect of growth mindsets relating to strengths. The current study tests the potential mediating effect of self-efficacy, a sense of agency in life, in the relationship between SBP and mental health (wellbeing and illbeing) in teens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061627/smartphone-enhanced-low-threshold-intervention-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-seltian-waiting-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
David R Kolar, Florian Hammerle, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Michael Huss
INTRODUCTION: As smartphones are widely distributed nowadays, mental health apps seem to be a promising treatment tool. First self-help apps for eating disorders have been developed recently. However, studies assessing the efficacy of such apps are scarce. A smartphone app could prevent further weight reduction and increase commitment during waiting time for outpatient treatment, especially for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). In this study protocol, a randomised controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a smartphone-enhanced low-threshold intervention for AN during waiting time is described...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061073/the-transition-from-youth-to-adult-mental-health-services-and-the-economic-impact-on-youth-and-their-families
#13
Neil G Barr, Christopher J Longo, Mark G Embrett, Gillian M Mulvale, Tram Nguyen, Glen E Randall
The transition from Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) can be challenging for youth, their families, and healthcare providers. The purpose of this study was to identify, summarize, and assess evidence found in scholarly literature regarding the economic impact on youth and their families during the transition from CAMHS to AMHS. Relevant studies were identified through a search of 7 electronic platforms. The search identified 829 articles; 5 of which met all inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058496/a-protocol-for-interagency-collaboration-and-family-participation-practitioners-perspectives-on-the-client-network-consultation
#14
Thirsa Van Dongen, Bernard Sabbe, Inge Glazemakers
Interagency collaboration has many advantages, but seems hard to realise in practice. In Belgium, the need for collaboration between the practitioners in the field of child welfare and child psychiatry, especially for children and adolescents with complex health care needs, was identified. Children with complex health care needs require coordinated care and collaboration between the different sectors in child mental health care (child welfare, child psychiatry, disability care). The authors have developed a standardised protocol based on the wraparound principles, which support interagency collaboration with family participation, named Client Network Consultation (CNC)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058115/adolescents-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-in-italian-neuropsychiatry-services-prevalence-psychopathology-and-transition-rate
#15
Lorenzo Pelizza, Silvia Azzali, Sara Garlassi, Federica Paterlini, Ilaria Scazza, Luigi Rocco Chiri, Simona Pupo, Andrea Raballo
Studies in adolescents on ultra-high risk (UHR) and basic symptoms (BS) criteria for psychosis prediction are scarce. In Italy, early interventions in psychosis are less widespread than in other European countries. In the present study, we (1) assessed the clinical relevance of a UHR diagnosis [according to the comprehensive assessment of at-risk mental states (CAARMS) criteria] to promote the implementation of specific services for UHR adolescents into the Italian health care system; (2) described severity of positive, negative, general, and basic symptoms in UHR adolescents compared to adolescents with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and non-UHR adolescents (i...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#16
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042376/protocol-for-a-cohort-study-of-adolescent-mental-health-service-users-with-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-managed-transition-in-improving-transitions-from-child-to-adult-mental-health-services-the
#17
Swaran P Singh, Helena Tuomainen, Giovanni de Girolamo, Athanasios Maras, Paramala Santosh, Fiona McNicholas, Ulrike Schulze, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Sabine Tremmery, Tomislav Franić, Jason Madan, Moli Paul, Frank C Verhulst, Gwen C Dieleman, Jane Warwick, Dieter Wolke, Cathy Street, Claire Daffern, Priya Tah, James Griffin, Alastair Canaway, Giulia Signorini, Suzanne Gerritsen, Laura Adams, Lesley O'Hara, Sonja Aslan, Frédérick Russet, Nikolina Davidović, Amanda Tuffrey, Anna Wilson, Charlotte Gatherer, Leanne Walker
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Healthcare) study evaluates the longitudinal course and outcomes of adolescents approaching the transition boundary (TB) of their CAMHS and determines the effectiveness of the model of managed transition in improving outcomes, compared with usual care...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039808/a-diagnosis-of-denial-how-mental-health-classification-systems-have-struggled-to-recognise-family-violence-as-a-serious-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-mental-health-issues-for-infants-children-adolescents-and-adults
#18
Wendy Bunston, Candice Franich-Ray, Sara Tatlow
Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) routinely overlook assessing for, and providing treatment to, infants and children living with family violence, despite family violence being declared endemic across the globe. As contemporary neuro-developmental research recognises the harm of being exposed to early relational trauma, key international diagnostic texts such as the DSM-5 and ICD-10 struggle to acknowledge or appreciate the relational complexities inherent in addressing family violence and its impacts during childhood...
October 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035137/a-review-of-mental-health-treatment-dropout-by-ethnic-minority-youth
#19
Anna M de Haan, Albert E Boon, Joop T V M de Jong, Robert R J M Vermeiren
A large proportion of treatments in youth mental health care are prematurely terminated by the patient. Treatment dropout can have severe consequences. Since ethnic minority youth are treated less often for mental disorders than other youth, it is important to analyse their risk for dropout and to determine if there are ethnicity-specific determinants. This review aimed to provide an overview of the findings from empirical studies on child and adolescent therapy dropout by ethnic minority and to determine if there were ethnicity-specific dropout determinants...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033005/adhd-in-children-and-young-people-prevalence-care-pathways-and-service-provision
#20
REVIEW
Kapil Sayal, Vibhore Prasad, David Daley, Tamsin Ford, David Coghill
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Estimates of the administrative prevalence (clinically diagnosed or recorded) vary worldwide, and have been increasing over time...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
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