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Child and adolescent mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#1
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#2
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515196/cost-effectiveness-of-therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Fabian Lenhard, Richard Ssegonja, Erik Andersson, Inna Feldman, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols, Eva Serlachius
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a therapist-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) intervention for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared with untreated patients on a waitlist. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A research clinic within the regular child and adolescent mental health service in Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven adolescents (12-17 years) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition diagnosis of OCD...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#4
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#5
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508674/psychosocial-screening-and-monitoring-for-children-in-foster-care-psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-assessment-checklist-in-a-dutch-population-study
#6
Anouk Goemans, Michael Tarren-Sweeney, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
Children in foster care experience higher levels and rates of psychosocial difficulties than children from the general population. Governments and child welfare services have a responsibility to identify those children in care who have need for therapeutic services. This can be achieved through systematic screening and monitoring of psychosocial difficulties among all children in foster care. However, general screening and assessment measures such as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) might not adequately screen for the range of difficulties experienced by foster children...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504358/randomized-controlled-trial-of-functional-family-therapy-for-offending-and-antisocial-behavior-in-uk-youth
#7
Sajid Humayun, Lauren Herlitz, Melanie Chesnokov, Moira Doolan, Sabine Landau, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Youth offending and antisocial behavior (ASB) are associated with low quality mental health and relationships and usually lead to poor adult functioning; they are very costly for society. Family interventions are effective in children but there are few reliably effective and inexpensive interventions for adolescents. Functional Family Therapy (FFT) is an evidence-based intervention but seldom tested outside the United States. METHODS: One hundred and eleven adolescents (10-17 years of age, M = 15...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493817/the-relationship-between-anxiety-depression-and-risk-behaviors-in-adolescents
#10
Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Nasim Bahrami, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Kelly A Allen, Sepideh Mohammadi
Aim Adolescence is a developmental period often associated with high-risk behaviors. While some risk-taking behavior is considered normative in adolescents, research has indicated an association between risky behaviors and mental ill-health. The current research aimed to examine the relationship between anxiety and depression with the occurrence of high-risk behaviors in adolescents and also determine the predictive factors of these main variables. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design was used to collect data from 399 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 19 residing in Qazvin, Iran using the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) and the Iranian Adolescents Risk-taking Scale (IARS) between the period of October and November 2015...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493653/technology-assisted-parent-training-programs-for-children-and-adolescents-with-disruptive-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#11
Amit Baumel, Aditya Pawar, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review digitally assisted parent training programs (DPTs) targeting the treatment of children and adolescents with disruptive behaviors. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases for peer-reviewed studies published between January 1, 2000, and March 1, 2016. Reference lists of included and review articles were searched manually for additional references. STUDY SELECTION: Broad search terms in varying combinations for parent, training, technologies, and disruptive behavior problems were used...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488369/transitioning-from-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-ireland-case-note-review
#12
Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Blanaid Gavin, Niamh McNamara, Swaran Singh, Tamsin Ford, Moli Paul, Walter Cullen, Fiona McNicholas
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary (TB) in Ireland. The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS TB in all 4 Health Service Executive Regions...
May 10, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486963/polypharmacy-among-children-and-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-mental-referral-hospital-in-botswana
#13
Anthony A Olashore, Ambrose Rukewe
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of data on polypharmacy in child and adolescent mental health in Africa, especially Botswana where children and adults are treated in the same facility by general adult psychiatrists. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence and the risk factors of psychiatric polypharmacy among children and adolescents treated at Sbrana Psychiatric Hospital, Lobatse, Botswana. METHODS: Data involving socio-demographics, diagnosis (using ICD-10 classification) and pharmacological treatment were retrieved from the records of 120 children and adolescents aged below 18 years, between 1 January 2012 and 31 July 2016, who presented with psychiatric disorders...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480494/knowing-every-child-validation-of-the-holistic-student-assessment-hsa-as-a-measure-of-social-emotional-development
#14
Tina Malti, Antonio Zuffianò, Gil G Noam
Knowing every child's social-emotional development is important as it can support prevention and intervention approaches to meet the developmental needs and strengths of children. Here, we discuss the role of social-emotional assessment tools in planning, implementing, and evaluating preventative strategies to promote mental health in all children and adolescents. We, first, selectively review existing tools and identify current gaps in the measurement literature. Next, we introduce the Holistic Student Assessment (HSA), a tool that is based in our social-emotional developmental theory, The Clover Model, and designed to measure social-emotional development in children and adolescents...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471339/child-and-adolescent-sexual-abuse-in-women-seeking-help-for-sexual-and-reproductive-mental-health-problems-prevalence-characteristics-and-disclosure
#15
Sílvia López, Concepció Faro, Lourdes Lopetegui, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Mònica Monteagudo, Àngels Avecilla-Palau, Cristina Martínez, Jesús Cobo, María-Isabel Fernández
This is a multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study of child and adolescent sexual abuse in women over 18 years in 24 primary care sexual and reproductive health centers in Catalonia. A total of 1,013 women were recruited; 345 (37.6%, 95% CI: 34.6-40.9) reported exposure to child sexual abuse: 32.4% disclosed being touched in a sexual way, and 9.6% reported completed sexual intercourse. Abuse occured before the age of 13 in 63.4% of respondents. The perpetrator was a relative or an acquaintance in almost 80% of cases...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#16
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462588/mental-disorders-in-australian-4-to-17-year-olds-parent-reported-need-for-help
#17
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Michael Sawyer, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent to which parents report that 4- to 17-year-olds with symptoms meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition criteria for mental disorders need help, the types of help needed, the extent to which this need is being met and factors associated with a need for help. METHOD: During 2013-2014, a national household survey of the mental health of Australia's young people (Young Minds Matter) was conducted, involving 6310 parents (and carers) of 4- to 17-year-olds...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455596/clinical-decision-support-systems-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Roman Koposov, Sturla Fossum, Thomas Frodl, Øystein Nytrø, Bennett Leventhal, Andre Sourander, Silvana Quaglini, Massimo Molteni, María de la Iglesia Vayá, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Nicola Barbarini, Michael Peter Milham, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Norbert Skokauskas
Psychiatric disorders are amongst the most prevalent and impairing conditions in childhood and adolescence. Unfortunately, it is well known that general practitioners (GPs) and other frontline health providers (i.e., child protection workers, public health nurses, and pediatricians) are not adequately trained to address these ubiquitous problems (Braddick et al. Child and Adolescent mental health in Europe: infrastructures, policy and programmes, European Communities, 2009; Levav et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:395-401, 2004)...
April 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#19
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433259/building-the-foundations-for-sustainable-development-a-case-for-global-investment-in-the-capabilities-of-adolescents
#20
Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Annababette Wils, Howard S Friedman, Jacqueline Mahon, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Eric Howard, John Symons, Karin Stenberg, Satvika Chalasani, Neelam Maharaj, Nicola Reavley, Hui Shi, Masha Fridman, Alison Welsh, Emeka Nsofor, Laura Laski
Investment in the capabilities of the world's 1·2 billion adolescents is vital to the UN's Sustainable Development Agenda. We examined investments in countries of low income, lower-middle income, and upper-middle income covering the majority of these adolescents globally to derive estimates of investment returns given existing knowledge. The costs and effects of the interventions were estimated by adapting existing models and by extending methods to create new modelling tools. Benefits were valued in terms of increased gross domestic product and averted social costs...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
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