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Child and adolescent mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791676/suicide-in-brazilian-indigenous-communities-clustering-of-cases-in-children-and-adolescents-by-household
#1
Thomas Adriano Lazzarini, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves, Walter Martins Benites, Liliane Ferreira da Silva, Daniel Henrique Tsuha, Albert Icksang Ko, Robert Rohrbaugh, Jason Randolph Andrews, Julio Croda
OBJECTIVE To estimate age and sex-specific suicide rates, compare suicide rates between indigenous communities, and quantify the frequency of intrafamilial suicide clustering. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 14,666 indigenous individuals in reservations in Dourados, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2003 through 2013 using national and local census. RESULTS The overall suicide rate was 73.4 per 100,000 person-years. Adolescent males aged 15-19 and girls aged 10-14 had the highest rates for each sex at 289...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776353/depression-and-its-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-pregnant-kenyan-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-community-health-centre-of-nairobi
#2
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading contributor to years lived with disability (YLD). The study's objective was to determine the prevalence of depression and related psychosocial risks among pregnant adolescents reporting at a maternal and child health clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: A convenient sample of 176 pregnant adolescents attending antenatal clinic in Kangemi primary healthcare health facility participated in the study...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768054/assessment-and-the-journal-of-clinical-child-and-adolescent-psychology-s-evidence-base-updates-series-evaluating-the-tools-for-gathering-evidence
#3
Andres De Los Reyes, David A Langer
In 2014, Michael Southam-Gerow and Mitch Prinstein launched the Evidence Base Updates series. As invited contributors, authors of Evidence Base Updates articles offer the field an invaluable resource: regular evaluations of the latest data on tools for addressing the mental health needs of children and adolescents. Until now, authors of Evidence Base Updates articles have focused exclusively on evaluating treatment techniques. In this article, we outline how the Evidence Base Updates series will evolve to also include evaluations of assessment techniques...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756071/improving-the-quality-of-physical-health-monitoring-in-camhs-for-children-and-adolescents-prescribed-medication-for-adhd
#4
Cristal Oxley, Omer S Moghraby, Rani Samuel, Dan W Joyce
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by a persistent, pervasive pattern of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Stimulant medication such as methylphenidate has an established evidence base in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. However, it is also associated with a risk of side effects which may include decreased appetite, increased blood pressure and possible reduced growth. Monitoring physical health in children and adolescents prescribed medication for ADHD is a key clinical responsibility and includes a number of parameters as outlined in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744286/adolescent-pregnancy-and-challenges-in-kenyan-context-perspectives-from-multiple-community-stakeholders
#5
Manasi Kumar, Keng-Yen Huang, Caleb Othieno, Dalton Wamalwa, Beatrice Madeghe, Judith Osok, Simon Njuguna Kahonge, Joyce Nato, Mary McKernon McKay
Objective: The key objective of this paper is to provide a phenomenological account of the mental health challenges and experiences of adolescent new mothers. We explore the role of social support and the absence of empathy plays in depression among pregnant adolescents. The project also collected data on the adolescents' caregiving environment which includes the adolescents' mothers, their partners, the community, and health care workers, as well as feedback from staff nurses at the maternal and child health centers...
March 2018: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731158/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-refugees-parenting-and-their-children-s-mental-health-a-cohort-study
#6
Richard A Bryant, Ben Edwards, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Kim L Felmingham, Derrick Silove, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Alexander C McFarlane, Miranda Van Hooff, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents, who account for most of the world's refugees, have an increased prevalence of psychological disorders. The mental health of refugee children is often associated with the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in their caregivers. Despite the potential for refugee caregivers' PTSD to affect child mental health, little evidence exists concerning the underlying mechanisms of this association. This study tested the effect of refugee caregivers' previous trauma and levels of ongoing stressors on current PTSD, and in turn how this influences parenting behaviour and consequent child psychological health...
May 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728890/the-associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-symptoms-of-conduct-problems-hyperactivity-and-emotional-problems-a-study-of-adolescent-twins-screened-for-neurodevelopmental-problems
#7
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717630/knowledge-and-causal-attributions-for-mental-disorders-in-hiv-positive-children-and-adolescents-results-from-rural-and-urban-uganda
#8
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717479/improving-socio-emotional-health-for-pupils-in-early-secondary-education-with-pyramid-a-school-based-early-intervention-model
#9
Michelle Jayman, Maddie Ohl, Bronach Hughes, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Policymakers are focusing increased attention on the role of schools to promote and support children's mental health, and evidence-based models of good practice are in demand. Pyramid Club is a school-based, socio-emotional intervention, demonstrably effective with primary-aged pupils. AIMS: This study extends previous Pyramid Club evaluations by examining effectiveness with pupils in early secondary education; service users' perceptions and experiences were investigated to increase understanding of Pyramid's impact, thus supporting enhanced practice...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706164/has-the-prevalence-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-in-australia-changed-between-1998-and-2013-to-2014
#10
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether the 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and conduct disorder (CD) among 6- to 17-year-olds in Australia changed between 1998 and 2013 to 2014. It also investigated whether changes in the prevalence of disorders over this time varied for children living in families containing 2 parents versus single parents, and families with high versus low income. METHOD: The study used data from national surveys conducted in Australia in 1998 (N = 3,597) and 2013 to 2014 (N = 5,359)...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#11
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705979/achieving-service-change-through-the-implementation-of-a-trauma-informed-care-training-program-within-a-mental-health-service
#12
Nicola Palfrey, Rebecca E Reay, Velissa Aplin, Jeffery C Cubis, Virginia McAndrew, Denise M Riordan, Beverley Raphael
As evidence continues to accumulate for the association between childhood trauma and long-term adverse outcomes, Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) approaches are emerging as fundamental to contemporary mental health services. To evaluate a workshop designed to influence mental health practitioners in TIC principles and practices. Nursing, medical and allied health professionals completed pre and post measures of confidence, awareness and attitudes towards TIC practice. The workshop was rated as highly relevant and useful to clinician's practice...
April 28, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705106/corrigendum-to-exposure-to-school-violence-at-school-and-mental-health-of-victimized-adolescents-the-mediation-role-of-social-support-child-abuse-negl-76c-2018-342-352
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701446/prenatal-organophosphate-pesticide-exposure-and-traits-related-to-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-a-population-living-in-proximity-to-agriculture
#14
Sharon K Sagiv, Maria H Harris, Robert B Gunier, Katherine R Kogut, Kim G Harley, Julianna Deardorff, Asa Bradman, Nina Holland, Brenda Eskenazi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides has been linked with poorer neurodevelopment and behaviors related to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in previous studies, including in the Center for Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) study, a birth cohort living in the agricultural Salinas Valley in California. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of prenatal exposure to OP pesticides with traits related to ASD, in childhood and adolescents in CHAMACOS...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699524/epidemiological-study-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-in-lithuania
#15
Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman, Einar Heiervang
BACKGROUND: From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic change since the past decades. Together with determining the prevalence rates of disorders and assessing the needs for the services, this study has also shifted attention from the highly selective samples of children attending children and adolescent mental health services towards less severe cases of psychopathology as well as different attitudes of parents and teachers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698054/effects-of-equine-assisted-activities-and-therapies-on-the-affective-network-of-adolescents-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#16
Kyoung Doo Kang, Tae Woon Jung, In Hui Park, Doug Hyun Han
OBJECTIVES: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been suggested to be a mental health disorder. Attachment and emotional status in IGD patients are important for understanding the etiology and progression of IGD because both parameters are considered to be associated with the affective network. Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) have been reported to improve emotional status and attachment in subjects. We hypothesized that EAAT would improve attachment in IGD adolescents with insecure attachment issues and increase functional connectivity (FC) within the affective network...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674224/the-young-adult-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-in-routine-clinical-practice
#17
Peter Brann, Melissa J Lethbridge, Helen Mildred
Expansion of the youth mental health sector has exposed a need for an outcome measure for young adults accessing services. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a widely used consumer and carer outcome measure for children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a young adult SDQ. The young adult SDQ was introduced for routine clinical practice at Eastern Health Child and Youth Mental Health Service (EH-CYMHS), complementing the well-established adolescent and child versions...
March 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672988/evaluation-of-a-public-education-campaign-to-support-parents-to-reduce-adolescent-alcohol-use
#18
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671220/subspecialisation-in-postgraduate-psychiatry-and-implications-for-a-resource-limited-specialised-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#19
EDITORIAL
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#20
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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