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Child and adolescent mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944592/estimating-the-prevalence-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-mothers-involved-in-youth-protection-services
#1
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Phyllis Zelkowitz
Characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can undermine maternal capacity and in some cases lead to involvement with youth protection services (YPS). Yet, few studies exist on the prevalence of maternal BPD in this context and on the comparison of these families with families with other maternal psychiatric disorders or families with no mental illness within YPS. The current study surveyed 291 caseworkers working with mothers whose children and adolescents are followed by YPS. After reported prevalence was adjusted with validation procedures, the prevalence of maternal BPD in a sample of 1875 mothers was 34...
September 24, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942810/clinical-update-telepsychiatry-with-children-and-adolescents
#2
(no author information available yet)
This Clinical Update reviews the use of telepsychiatry to deliver psychiatric, mental health, and care coordination services to children and adolescents across settings as direct service and in collaboration with primary care providers or other clinicians. The update defines terms and presents the current status of telepsychiatry as a mode of health service delivery. The update presents procedures for conducting telepsychiatry services and optimizing the clinical experience.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942803/systematic-review-of-universal-resilience-focused-interventions-targeting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-the-school-setting
#3
REVIEW
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca K Hodder, Kathleen McElwaine, Danika Tremain, Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Tameka Small, Kerrin Palazzi, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of universal, school-based, resilience-focused interventions on mental health problems in children and adolescents. METHOD: Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, school-based interventions that included strategies to strengthen a minimum of 3 internal resilience protective factors, and included an outcome measure of mental health problems in children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. Six databases were searched from 1995 to 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938881/prevalence-and-correlates-for-adhd-and-relation-with-social-and-academic-functioning-among-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-aids-in-uganda
#4
Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jonathan Levin, Kenneth D Gadow, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), its associated correlates and relations with clinical and behavioural problems among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS (CA-HIV) attending five HIV clinics in central and South Western Uganda. METHODS: This study used a quantitative design that involved a random sample of 1339 children and adolescents with HIV and their caregivers. The Participants completed an extensive battery of measures including a standardized DSM-5 referenced rating scale, the parent version (5-18 years) of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5)...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#5
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916015/evaluating-integrated-mental-health-care-programs-for-children-and-youth
#6
REVIEW
Lawrence S Wissow, Jonathan D Brown, Robert J Hilt, Barry D Sarvet
Evaluations of integrated care programs share many characteristics of evaluations of other complex health system interventions. However, evaluating integrated care for child and adolescent mental health poses special challenges that stem from the broad range of social, emotional, and developmental problems that need to be addressed; the need to integrate care for other family members; and the lack of evidence-based interventions already adapted for primary care settings. Integrated care programs for children's mental health need to adapt and learn on the fly, so that evaluations may best be viewed through the lens of continuous quality improvement rather than evaluations of fixed programs...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#7
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914445/the-prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-and-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jenny Downs, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Amy Epstein, Rachel Skoss, Katherine Langdon, Peter Jacoby, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Helen Leonard, Peter W Rowe, Emma J Glasson
AIM: Mental health conditions and problems are often reported in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). A systematic review was undertaken to describe their prevalence. METHOD: MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases from 1996 to 2016 were searched and reference lists of selected studies were reviewed. Studies were included if they reported point prevalence of mental health diagnoses or symptoms in a general population of children and/or adolescents with CP. Pooled prevalence for mental health symptoms was determined using a random effects meta-analysis...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893118/emotional-and-behavioral-health-needs-in-elementary-school-students-in-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#9
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Anna S Hsu, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Patricia Renno, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Lorraine S Evangelista
High rates of mental health problems in adolescents have been well documented; less is known about elementary school children in disadvantaged communities. We examined emotional and behavioral health needs in 202 third and fourth graders enrolled in a charter school in a largely Hispanic community. The child-reported Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-25 and Teacher's Report Form were used to evaluate mental health needs as perceived by these children and their teachers. The prevalence of teacher-reported depression and child self-reported anxiety was 7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889916/evidence-for-a-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-sweden
#10
Johan Melander Hagborg, Kristina Berglund, Claudia Fahlke
School absenteeism is a potent predictor of academic failure. Maltreated adolescents have been found to be more absent from school compared to their peers. However, it is scarcely studied in what degree a general population of students with high levels of school absenteeism has been exposed to child maltreatment. Furthermore, it is not known if maltreated school-absentees have specific characteristics compared to not-maltreated absentees. In this article, the first objective was to present and compare the prevalence of six types of child maltreatment in a general population of high school students reporting no, moderate or excessive absenteeism...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886832/-towards-a-partnership-based-care-approach-to-adolescence
#11
Marlène Vilaplana, Caroline Blond, Geoffrey Ardoin, Francis Moreau, Laurent Defromont, Sidonie Lips
The transition from child psychiatry to adult psychiatry is difficult. The need to reinforce this 'bridge' between the services is clear. A system focused on the assessment and orientation of adolescents, set up a year ago by Lille-Métropole public mental health service, aims to favour collaboration on a local level between the different players from the social, medical and educational sector working with young people aged between 12 and 21 in order to facilitate this transition.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882194/gps-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specialists-experiences-of-joint-consultations-in-the-gp-s-office-a-qualitative-study
#12
Tori Guldahl Seierstad, Mette Brekke, Ingun Toftemo, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: The study is an exploration of a joint consultation model, a collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Lillehammer, Norway. METHODS: A qualitative study based on two focus group interviews, one with participating GPs and one with participating specialists from the local CAMHS. Participants were five GPs, with work experience varying from 6 months to 20 years (four of them specialists in general medicine) and two CAMHS specialists-a psychiatrist and a psychologist-both with more than 20 years of experience...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#13
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878705/children-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-parental-protective-factors-and-resistance-to-mental-health-symptoms
#14
Michelle Slone, Anat Shoshani
This study examined the role of parenting styles and parental warmth in moderating relations between exposure to political life events and mental health symptoms among 277 Israeli adolescents aged 12-14 and their parents, who had been exposed to protracted periods of war, missile bombardments, and terrorism. Adolescents completed the Political Life Events (PLE) scale, Brief Symptom Inventory and questionnaires regarding parenting style and parental warmth. The primary caregiver completed the Child Behavior Checklist for assessment of the child's internalizing and externalizing symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874319/childhood-unusual-experiences-in-community-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-in-south-east-london-prevalence-and-impact
#15
Kimberley Gin, Partha Banerjea, Chris Abbott, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Richard Corrigall, Suzanne Jolley
BACKGROUND: Distressing 'psychotic-like' or unusual experiences (UEDs) signify increased mental health risk in the general population, including greater likelihood and severity of co-occurring non-psychotic mental health problems, and, from fourteen years of age, increased risk of a future psychotic illness. Healthcare guidelines for under eighteens recommend psychological intervention for UEDs, to reduce current distress and adverse functional impact, and, potentially, future mental health risk...
September 2, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874238/-off-label-prescription-of-psychopharmacological-drugs-for-children-and-adolescents
#16
Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Per Hove Thomsen
Despite regulatory initiatives, psychopharmacological treatment of adolescents is challenged by missing trial data on efficacy and safety. In Denmark, an estimated mean off-label prescription rate of 30-40% in clinical child- and adolescent mental health services has been found in recent studies. The lowest rates were found for drugs treating ADHD (2-3%), and the highest for antipsychotics (96%) and melatonin (100%). The use of melatonin is growing, while the use of other psychopharmacological drugs appears to be stabilizing or decreasing, in spite of an increased number of adolescents treated in Danish mental health services...
August 28, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870652/adolescent-health-risk-behaviors-parental-concern-and-concordance-between-parent-and-adolescent-reports
#17
Elon Gersh, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Adriana Arghira, Chuan Zhou, Carolyn A McCarty
OBJECTIVE: Investigated which adolescent health-risk behaviors are of concern to parents generally, according to adolescent age, gender, and in the context of perceived risk. Compared adolescent and parent reports of the presence of health-risk behaviors and factors predicting agreement. METHODS: 300 adolescents aged 13-18 (M=14.5, 52% female) presenting for well care completed an electronic screening tool assessing health-risk behaviors. Parents completed parallel measures of their child's behavior and parental concern...
September 1, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865480/the-psychological-problems-and-related-influential-factors-of-left-behind-adolescents-lba-in-hunan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ye Man, Lv Mengmeng, Li Lezhi, Mao Ting, Zhang Jingping
BACKGROUND: Due to lack of companionship of parents, compared with non left behind children, left behind children (LBC) suffer from more psychological problems compared with children live with their parents. The aim of this study was to explore the mental health status and the relationship among psychological problems and the related factors of LBC. METHOD: Adopting delaminating-random-group sampling and using region, county, village (town) as sampling framework, we utilized Demographic Data Recording Form, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List, Scale of APGAR, Perceived Social Support Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Scale and Scale of Mental Health for Chinese Middle-school Student to assess 1309 left behind child in junior middle school students' mental health in Hunan...
September 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862324/do-sleep-problems-mediate-the-link-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-delinquency-in-preadolescent-children-in-foster-care
#19
Erin P Hambrick, Sonia L Rubens, Thomas W Brawner, Heather N Taussig
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with multiple mental and physical health problems. Yet, mechanisms by which ACEs confer risk for specific problems are largely unknown. Children in foster care typically have multiple ACEs and high rates of negative sequelae, including delinquent behaviors. Mechanisms explaining this link have not been explored in this population. Impaired sleep has been identified as a potential mechanism by which ACEs lead to delinquency in adolescents, because inadequate sleep may lead to poor executive function and cognitive control - known risk factors for delinquency...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862045/developing-a-case-mix-classification-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-the-influence-of-presenting-problems-complexity-factors-and-service-providers-on-number-of-appointments
#20
Peter Martin, Roger Davies, Amy Macdougall, Benjamin Ritchie, Panos Vostanis, Andy Whale, Miranda Wolpert
BACKGROUND: Case-mix classification is a focus of international attention in considering how best to manage and fund services, by providing a basis for fairer comparison of resource utilization. Yet there is little evidence of the best ways to establish case mix for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). AIM: To develop a case mix classification for CAMHS that is clinically meaningful and predictive of number of appointments attended and to investigate the influence of presenting problems, context and complexity factors and provider variation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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