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Child and adolescent mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#1
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736860/annual-research-review-dna-methylation-as-a-mediator-in-the-association-between-risk-exposure-and-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology
#2
REVIEW
Edward D Barker, Esther Walton, Charlotte A M Cecil
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation (DNAm) is a potential mechanism for propagating the effects of environmental exposures on child and adolescent mental health. In recent years, this field has experienced steady growth. METHODS: We provide a strategic review of the current child and adolescent literature to evaluate evidence for a mediating role of DNAm in the link between environmental risks and psychopathological outcomes, with a focus on internalising and externalising difficulties...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735276/mental-health-literacy-in-primary-care-canadian-research-and-education-for-the-advancement-of-child-health-canreach
#3
Eden S N McCaffrey, Samuel Chang, Geraldine Farrelly, Abdul Rahman, David Cawthorpe
The effectiveness of a continuing education programme in paediatric psychopharmacology designed for primary healthcare providers was objectively measured based on the assumption that training would lead to measurable changes in referral patterns and established clinical measures of referred patients. Using established, valid and reliable measures of clinical urgency embedded in to a regional healthcare system since 2002, the referrals to child and adolescent psychiatric services of physicians who participated in the training (n=99) were compared pretraining and post-training, and to non-participating/untrained referring physicians (n=7753) making referrals over the same time period...
July 22, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734200/rates-of-meaningful-change-in-the-mental-health-of-children-in-long-term-out-of-home-care-a-seven-to-nine-year-prospective-study
#4
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
Children residing in long-term out-of-home care have high rates of clinical-level mental health difficulties. However, the stability of these children's difficulties throughout their time in care is uncertain. This paper reports estimates of the seven- to nine-year stability of carer-reported scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Assessment Checklists for Children (ACC) and Adolescents (ACA) for 85 children in long-term foster or kinship care. Prospective score changes on the CBCL total problems and ACC-ACA shared-item scales were assigned to one of four change groups: 'sustained mental health'; 'meaningful improvement'; 'no meaningful change'; and 'meaningful deterioration'...
July 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732718/longitudinal-latent-cognitive-profiles-and-psychosocial-well-being-in-early-adolescence
#5
Afshin Zilanawala, Amanda Sacker, Yvonne Kelly
PURPOSE: Engaging in exploratory risky behaviors and experiencing poor mental health during early adolescence are important markers for poor health during adulthood. Prior research suggests protective effects from cognition, but less is known about the associations between early childhood cognition and early adolescent psychosocial well-being, as identified by self-esteem, mental health, and exploratory risky behaviors. This article investigates the extent that early adolescent psychosocial well-being at the age of 11 years is associated with patterns of cognitive skills measured across the first decade of a child's life...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729312/protocol-a-grounded-theory-of-recovery-perspectives-of-adolescent-users-of-mental-health-services
#6
Lucianne Palmquist, Sue Patterson, Analise O'Donovan, Graham Bradley
INTRODUCTION: Policies internationally endorse the recovery paradigm as the appropriate foundation for youth mental health services. However, given that this paradigm is grounded in the views of adults with severe mental illness, applicability to youth services and relevance to young people is uncertain, particularly as little is known about young people's views. A comprehensive understanding of the experiences and expectations of young people is critical to developing youth mental health services that are acceptable, accessible, effective and relevant...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714809/reticence-in-disclosure-of-hiv-infection-and-reasons-for-bereavement-impact-on-perinatally-infected-adolescents-mental-health-and-understanding-of-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#7
Nataly Woollett, Vivian Black, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
Survival rates of perinatally infected HIV-positive adolescents (PIA) are increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a gap in understanding how disclosure and bereavement have an impact on PIA beliefs and understanding of their HIV infection and its management. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 purposively selected adolescents aged 13-19 years from 5 public health clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa. Data were analysed using NVivo 10 using a thematic approach. PIA experience incomplete disclosure both of their HIV status and reasons for their bereavements, which limits their understanding of how they became infected, vertical transmission and prevention options like prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT)...
July 17, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709383/what-is-the-current-level-of-mental-health-service-delivery-and-expenditure-on-infants-children-adolescents-and-young-people-in-australia
#8
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Gareth Furber
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to estimate the current level of ambulatory mental health service delivery to young people aged 0-24 years in Australia and associated government expenditure. Recognising the importance of the early years for the development of mental illness and socioeconomic outcomes, we were particularly interested in service access by infants and young children. METHODS: We extracted information from government administrative datasets on the number of people who received mental health services, number of services and expenditure through the health sector for 2014-2015...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703312/violence-exposure-is-associated-with-adolescents-same-and-next-day-mental-health-symptoms
#9
Candice L Odgers, Michael A Russell
BACKGROUND: Young people exposed to violence are at increased risk for mental health and behavioral problems. However, very little is known about the immediate, or same-day, associations between violence exposure and adolescents' mental health symptoms or whether daily symptom or behavioral reactivity marks future problems. METHODS: Young adolescents were assessed three times a day for 30 consecutive days using mobile-phone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) (N = 151 adolescents)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701096/-the-outpatient-clinic-for-adolescent-risk-taking-and-self-harm-behaviors-atr-sk-a-pioneering-approach-of-outpatient-early-detection-and-intervention-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Michael Kaess, Denisa Ghinea, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch
The Outpatient Clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors (AtR!Sk) - A Pioneering Approach of Outpatient Early Detection and Intervention of Borderline Personality Disorder Self-harm and risk-taking behaviors are frequently occurring problems in adolescents' everyday life and commonly challenge the present child and adolescent health-care system. Those behaviors are typical features of borderline-personality disorder (BPD), a severe mental disorder that is associated with immense psychological strain, increased risk of mortality and poor psychosocial functioning...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691618/improvements-needed-in-mental-health-care-for-young-people
#11
(no author information available yet)
A study of child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in all 28 countries of the EU, including legal aspects of adolescent care, has found provision needs to be improved.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686508/an-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-course-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-professionals
#12
Thiago Blanco-Vieira, Wagner Silva Ribeiro, Edith Lauridsen-Ribeiro, Daniel Graça Fatori de Sá, Sonia Maria Motta Palma, Marcos Vinícius Vieira Ribeiro, Sheila Cavalcante Caetano, Fernando Augusto da Cunha Ramos, Maria Conceição do Rosário
There is a considerable gap between the offer and the demand for mental health treatment of children and adolescents, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Permanent education in these countries is a promising and needed strategy to reduce this gap. This study was designed to evaluate the perceived impact of an educational intervention for child and adolescent mental health professionals in Brazil, the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Specialization Course (CESMIA). The intervention consisted of a 360-hour interprofessional postgraduation course...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685400/effectiveness-of-outpatient-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adolescents-under-routine-care-conditions-on-behavioral-and-emotional-problems-rated-by-parents-and-patients-an-observational-study
#13
Daniel Walter, Lydia Dachs, Martin Faber, Hildegard Goletz, Anja Goertz-Dorten, Christopher Hautmann, Claudia Kinnen, Christiane Rademacher, Stephanie Schuermann, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Manfred Doepfner
Few studies have examined the effectiveness of outpatient cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered in routine care settings for children and adolescents with mental disorders. This observational study examined changes in behavioral and emotional problems of adolescents with mental disorders during routine outpatient CBT delivered at a university outpatient clinic and compared them with a historical control group of youths who received academic tutoring of comparable length and intensity. Assessments were made at the start and end of treatment (pre- and post-assessment) using parent ratings of the German versions of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and self-ratings of the Youth Self-Report (YSR) scale...
July 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685049/setting-health-research-priorities-using-the-chnri-method-vii-a-review-of-the-first-50-applications-of-the-chnri-method
#14
Igor Rudan, Sachiyo Yoshida, Kit Yee Chan, Devi Sridhar, Kerri Wazny, Harish Nair, Aziz Sheikh, Mark Tomlinson, Joy E Lawn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rajiv Bahl, Mickey Chopra, Harry Campbell, Shams El Arifeen, Robert E Black, Simon Cousens
BACKGROUND: Several recent reviews of the methods used to set research priorities have identified the CHNRI method (acronym derived from the "Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative") as an approach that clearly became popular and widely used over the past decade. In this paper we review the first 50 examples of application of the CHNRI method, published between 2007 and 2016, and summarize the most important messages that emerged from those experiences. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to identify the first 50 examples of application of the CHNRI method in chronological order...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678525/the-natural-course-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-early-adolescence-factors-related-to-persistence
#15
Núria Voltas, Carmen Hernández-Martínez, Victoria Arija, Josefa Canals
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems during childhood and adolescence. This study examined the course of anxiety symptoms in early adolescents from the general population over three phases. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two participants (mean-age of 13.52) from a baseline sample of 1514 (mean-age of 10.23) were followed up three times. Of the 1514 children, those with emotional risk and controls without risk constituted the second-phase sample (n = 562; mean-age of 11...
July 5, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675323/the-clinical-use-of-subjective-units-of-distress-scales-suds-in-child-mental-health-assessments-a-thematic-evaluation
#16
Nikki Kiyimba, Michelle O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Despite the ubiquitous use of Subjective Units of Distress scales (SUDs) in mental health settings to establish levels of distressing emotion, there has been little empirical research in this area. SUDs are commonly used in therapy and assessments, and are a particularly useful tool for establishing current and previous levels of distress in children and young people. AIMS: To explore the use of the SUD analogue rating scale in initial child mental health assessments to better understand its application in this context...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671981/parents-with-mental-health-problems-and-their-children-in-a-german-population-based-sample-results-of-the-bella-study
#17
Angela Plass-Christl, Anne-Catherine Haller, Christiane Otto, Claus Barkmann, Silke Wiegand-Grefe, Heike Hölling, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Fionna Klasen
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) of parents are associated with an increased risk of psychological and developmental difficulties in their children. This study aims at analyzing population-based data of parents with MHP and their children and the effects of associated risk factors in order to further targeted preventive and therapeutic interventions. METHODS: The BELLA study is the mental health module of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey among Children and Adolescents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668759/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-reported-to-child-welfare-results-from-the-national-survey-of-child-adolescent-wellbeing
#18
Antonio R Garcia, Meera Gupta, Johanna K P Greeson, Allison Thompson, Christina DeNard
The negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) outcomes are well documented. However, no research to date has examined the effect of ACEs on SEB outcomes in youth who received mental health services after reporting to the child welfare system. This study's analyses of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II revealed that the most prevalent ACEs included hospitalization for a medical condition, neglect, and exposures to domestic and community violence...
June 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666427/study-protocol-families-and-childhood-transitions-study-facts-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-role-of-the-family-environment-in-brain-development-and-risk-for-mental-health-disorders-in-community-based-children
#19
J G Simmons, O S Schwartz, K Bray, C Deane, E Pozzi, S Richmond, J Smith, N Vijayakumar, M L Byrne, M L Seal, M B H Yap, N B Allen, S L Whittle
BACKGROUND: Extant research has demonstrated that parenting behaviour can be a significant contributor to the development of brain structure and mental health during adolescence. Nonetheless, there is limited research examining these relationships during late childhood, and particularly in the critical period of brain development occurring between 8 and 10 years of age. The effects of the family environment on the brain during late childhood may have significant implications for later functioning, and particularly mental health...
June 30, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658817/salient-features-of-a-proposed-adolescent-health-policy-draft-for-india
#20
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
India is one of the most populous countries in the world. The adolescent population in India constitutes about one fifth of the total Indian population. Adolescent phase is a transitional phase in life and the adolescents are neither child nor adult at this stage and are full of energy, have significant drive and new ideas. The relatively lower death rate and relatively good health status of the adolescents has always been a misleading measure to adolescent health and thus given lesser priorities. In order to respond effectively to the needs of adolescent health and development, it is important to place adolescence in a life-span perspective within dynamic sociological, cultural and economic realities...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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