Read by QxMD icon Read


Carl M Hurt, Yao Lu, Creed M Stary, Honit Piplani, Bryce A Small, Travis J Urban, Nir Qvit, Garrett J Gross, Daria Mochly-Rosen, Eric R Gross
BACKGROUND: The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) mediates cellular responses to pain, heat, or noxious stimuli by calcium influx; however, the cellular localization and function of TRPV1 in the cardiomyocyte is largely unknown. We studied whether myocardial injury is regulated by TRPV1 and whether we could mitigate reperfusion injury by limiting the calcineurin interaction with TRPV1. METHODS AND RESULTS: In primary cardiomyocytes, confocal and electron microscopy demonstrates that TRPV1 is localized to the mitochondria...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Pavla Satková, Tomáš Starý, Veronika Plešková, Martina Zapletalová, Tomáš Kašparovský, Lucie Činčalová-Kubienová, Lenka Luhová, Barbora Mieslerová, Jaromír Mikulík, Jan Lochman, Marek Petřivalský
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Current strategies for increased crop protection of susceptible tomato plants against pathogen infections include treatment with synthetic chemicals, application of natural pathogen-derived compounds or transfer of resistance genes from wild tomato species within breeding programmes. In this study, a series of 45 genes potentially involved in defence mechanisms was retrieved from the genome sequence of inbred reference tomato cultivar Solanum lycopersicum 'Heinz 1706'...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Botany
Vladislav Raclavsky, Radko Novotny, Lubomir Stary, Lucie Navratilova, Jaromir Zatloukal, Petr Jakubec, Martin Zapalka, Frantisek Kopriva, Vitezslav Kolek
Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) is a group of three streptococcal species (S. anginosus, intermedius and constellatus) that act as opportunist pathogens, among others in cystic fibrosis. Due to their fastidious character, they are both difficult to cultivate and to differentiate from less pathogenic streptococcal species, therefore being most probably underdiagnosed. Semi-selective McKay agar and NAS agar were developed to facilitate SMG recovery from clinical samples; however, direct comparison of recovery rates has not been published yet...
September 16, 2016: Folia Microbiologica
Michaela Kotrova, Alena Musilova, Jan Stuchly, Karel Fiser, Julia Starkova, Ester Mejstrikova, Jan Stary, Jan Zuna, Ondrej Hrusak, Jan Trka, Marketa Zaliova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Blood
Creed M Stary, Xiaoyun Sun, YiBing Ouyang, Le Li, Rona G Giffard
Neurons in the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) region of the hippocampus are vulnerable to cerebral ischemia, while dentate gyrus (DG) neurons are more resistant. This effect is mediated by local astrocytes, and may reflect differences in subregional hippocampal expression of miR-29a. We investigated the role of miR-29a on survival of hippocampal astrocytes cultured selectively from CA1 and DG in response to glucose deprivation (GD). CA1 astrocytes exhibited more cell death and a greater decrease in miR-29a than DG astrocytes...
September 2016: Mitochondrion
Jiří Klívar, Andrej Jančařík, David Šaman, Radek Pohl, Pavel Fiedler, Lucie Bednárová, Ivo Starý, Irena G Stará
We have developed a methodology for the synthesis of pyridohelicenes and their analogues based on the Ni(0) -, Co(I) - or Rh(I) -mediated intramolecular [2+2+2] cycloisomerisation of cyanodiynes. It allows for folding the linear precursors into the corresponding helical backbones comprising the newly formed pyridine unit in their central part. Along with racemic pyrido[n]helicenes (n=5,6,7) and their derivatives, both enantio- and diastereomerically pure pyrido[n]helicene-like molecules (n=5,6) were prepared by employing the chiral substrate-controlled cyclisation of the corresponding enantiopure cyanodiynes...
September 26, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sun-Joo Lee, Feifei Ren, Eva-Maria Zangerl-Plessl, Sarah Heyman, Anna Stary-Weinzinger, Peng Yuan, Colin G Nichols
Inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channel activity is controlled by plasma membrane lipids. Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) binding to a primary site is required for opening of classic inward rectifier Kir2.1 and Kir2.2 channels, but interaction of bulk anionic phospholipid (PL(-)) with a distinct second site is required for high PIP2 sensitivity. Here we show that introduction of a lipid-partitioning tryptophan at the second site (K62W) generates high PIP2 sensitivity, even in the absence of PL(-) Furthermore, high-resolution x-ray crystal structures of Kir2...
September 2016: Journal of General Physiology
Eliska Potuckova, Jan Zuna, Lenka Hovorkova, Julia Starkova, Jan Stary, Jan Trka, Marketa Zaliova
Intragenic ERG deletions occur in 3-5% of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia, specifically in B-other subtype lacking the classifying genetic lesions. They represent the only genetic lesion described so far present in the majority of cases clustering into a subgroup of B-other subtype characterized by a unique gene expression profile, probably sharing a common, however, not yet fully described, biological background. We aimed to elucidate whether ERG deletions could drive the specific biology of this ERG-related leukemia subgroup through expression of aberrant or decreased expression of wild type ERG isoforms...
2016: PloS One
Ondřej Pelák, Daniela Kužílková, Daniel Thürner, Marie-Luise Kiene, Kristian Stanar, Jan Stuchlý, Martina Vášková, Jan Starý, Ondřej Hrušák, Herbert Stadler, Tomáš Kalina
In mass cytometry, the isolation of pure lymphocytes is very important to obtain reproducible results and to shorten the time spent on data acquisition. To prepare highly purified cell suspensions of peripheral blood lymphocytes for further analysis on mass cytometer, we used the new CD81+ immune affinity chromatography cell isolation approach. Using 21 metal conjugated antibodies in a single tube we were able to identify all basic cell subsets and compare their relative abundance in final products obtained by density gradient (Ficoll-Paque) and immune affinity chromatography (CD81+ T-catch™) isolation approach...
August 4, 2016: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Susanne Jacobsson, Daniel Golparian, Michelle Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Irene Martin, Thea Bergheim, Maria José Borrego, Brendan Crowley, Tania Crucitti, Alje P Van Dam, Steen Hoffmann, Samo Jeverica, Peter Kohl, Beata Mlynarczyk-Bonikowska, Gatis Pakarna, Angelika Stary, Paola Stefanelli, Peter Pavlik, Eva Tzelepi, Raquel Abad, Simon R Harris, Magnus Unemo
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the genome-based epidemiology and phylogenomics of azithromycin-resistant (MIC >2 mg/L) Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains collected in 2009-14 in Europe and clarify the azithromycin resistance mechanisms. METHODS: Seventy-five azithromycin-resistant (MIC 4 to >256 mg/L) N. gonorrhoeae isolates collected in 17 European countries during 2009-14 were examined using antimicrobial susceptibility testing and WGS. RESULTS: Thirty-six N...
July 17, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Wojciech Niedbała, Josef Starý
In six sifting litter samples from Madagascar, altogether 26 species of ptyctimous mites, belonging to four families and 11 genera, were found. Three new species, Arphthicarus phoxos sp. nov., Notophthiracarus parapaulianus sp. nov. and Atropacarus (Hoplophorella) paralemurius sp. nov. are described and figured. Keys for species of genera and subgenera Arphthicarus, Notophthiracarus and Atropacarus (Hoplophorella) from Madagascar are presented.
2016: Zootaxa
Thomas Lopes, Pierre-Nicolas Libert, Petr Starý, George Japoshvili, Séverin Hatt, Frédéric Francis
Aphid parasitoids have good potential for crop protection. However, they have been poorly studied in Belgium, especially in terms of species diversity. Therefore, the aim of this work was to establish the first checklist for the country. To complete the list, aphid parasitoids were sampled in wheat and pea fields near Gembloux (Belgium), in 2013 and 2014. Among the identified species, Aphelinus asychis Walker, Aphelinus daucicola Kurdjumov, Aphelinus fusciscapus (Förster), Aphidius asteris Haliday, Aphidius eadyi Starý, Gonzalez & Hall, Praon barbatum Mackauer, and Trioxys auctus (Haliday) were recorded for the first time in Belgium...
2016: Zootaxa
Zdeněk Adam, Karel Starý, Jozef Kubinyi, Kateřina Zajíčková, Zdeněk Řehák, Renata Koukalová, Miroslav Tomíška, Martina Doubková, Jiří Prášek, Eva Pourová, Zdeňka Čermáková, Luděk Pour, Marta Krejčí, Viera Sandecká, Eva Ševčíková, Sabina Ševčíková, Zdeněk Král, Aleš Čermák
UNLABELLED: The concentration of calcium is carefully maintained under physiological conditions with parathormone, calcitonin and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D at appropriate levels. There are multiple causes that may bring about increased concentrations of calcium which exceed physiological values. Increased production of parathormone in parathyroid glands is only one of the possible causes. Malignant diseases are a very frequent cause of hypercalcemia, due to their creating mediators which stimulate osteoclasts and thereby osteolysis...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Baixin Ye, Qingping Gao, Zhi Zeng, Creed M Stary, Zhihong Jian, Xiaoxing Xiong, Lijuan Gu
Cellular heterogeneity is a fundamental characteristic of many cancers. A lack of cellular homogeneity contributes to difficulty in designing targeted oncological therapies. Therefore, the development of novel methods to determine and characterize oncologic cellular heterogeneity is a critical next step in the development of novel cancer therapies. Single-cell sequencing (SCS) technology has been recently employed for analyzing the genetic polymorphisms of individual cells at the genome-wide level. SCS requires (1) precise isolation of the single cell of interest; (2) isolation and amplification of genetic material; and (3) descriptive analysis of genomic, transcriptomic, and epigenomic data...
2016: Analytical Cellular Pathology (Amsterdam)
Vesna Gagic, Olivera Petrović-Obradović, Jochen Fründ, Nickolas G Kavallieratos, Christos G Athanassiou, Petr Starý, Željko Tomanović
Specialization is a central concept in ecology and one of the fundamental properties of parasitoids. Highly specialized parasitoids tend to be more efficient in host-use compared to generalized parasitoids, presumably owing to the trade-off between host range and host-use efficiency. However, it remains unknown how parasitoid host specificity and host-use depends on host traits related to susceptibility to parasitoid attack. To address this question, we used data from a 13-year survey of interactions among 142 aphid and 75 parasitoid species in nine European countries...
2016: PloS One
Joel M Stary, Leslie Hutchins, Rafael A Vega
Background Chronic subdural hematomas (SDHs) are commonly encountered in neurosurgery. Optimal management of SDHs remains a significant challenge. Current treatment options generally include supportive care or surgical intervention. A significant proportion of patients have surgery; however, the reoperation rate is considered high. There are also cases in which additional surgical procedures would carry significant morbidity, and as a result, there is a need for nonsurgical medical therapies. We describe the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) as a nonsurgical option for the treatment of recurrent SDHs following surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Marketa Zaliova, Anthony V Moorman, Giovanni Cazzaniga, Martin Stanulla, Richard C Harvey, Kathryn G Roberts, Sue L Heatley, Mignon L Loh, Marina Konopleva, I-Ming Chen, Olga Zimmermannova, Claire Schwab, Owen Smith, Marie-Joelle Mozziconacci, Christian Chabannon, Myungshin Kim, J H Frederik Falkenburg, Alice Norton, Karen Marshall, Oskar A Haas, Julia Starkova, Jan Stuchly, Stephen P Hunger, Deborah White, Charles G Mullighan, Cheryl L Willman, Jan Stary, Jan Trka, Jan Zuna
To characterize the incidence, clinical features and genetics of ETV6-ABL1 leukemias, representing targetable kinase-activating lesions, we analyzed 44 new and published cases of ETV6-ABL1-positive hematologic malignancies [22 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (13 children, 9 adults) and 22 myeloid malignancies (18 myeloproliferative neoplasms, 4 acute myeloid leukemias)]. The presence of the ETV6-ABL1 fusion was ascertained by cytogenetics, fluorescence in-situ hybridization, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and RNA sequencing...
September 2016: Haematologica
M Mitrović, Ž Tomanović, M Jakovljević, D Radović, J Havelka, P Stary
Populations of Liparus glabrirostris (Curculionidae: Molytinae), a weevil inhabiting higher altitudes of Central Europe, were sampled from 24 localities in the Alps and Carpathian Mountains, and the geographical structuring of genetic variation was analyzed. Comparison of the concatenated mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I and subunit II sequences revealed consistent genetic divergence between the populations of L. glabrirostris from different mountain ranges. In phylogenetic analysis using maximum parsimony and median-joining networks, concatenated mitochondrial haplotypes from the Alps and Carpathians clustered as separate lineages, with high bootstrap support...
October 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Jozef Oboňa, Jaroslav Starý, Peter Manko, Ľuboš Hrivniak, Levon Papyan
Records of species of the families Limoniidae and Pediciidae are presented from Armenia. A total of 38 species of Limoniidae and four species of Pediciidae are listed. Of these, 27 species of Limoniidae and one species of Pediciidae represent the first records from Armenia. The first checklist of these families from Armenia is appended, containing 77 species of Limoniidae and six species of Pediciidae.
2016: ZooKeys
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"