keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probiotic AND METABOLISM

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921083/integrated-role-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-supplementation-in-gut-microbiota-immunity-and-metabolism-of-infant-rhesus-monkeys
#1
Xuan He, Carolyn M Slupsky, James W Dekker, Neill W Haggarty, Bo Lönnerdal
To investigate the impact of probiotic supplementation of infant formula on immune parameters, intestinal microbiota, and metabolism, five individually housed infant rhesus monkeys exclusively fed standard infant formula supplemented with probiotics (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019) from birth until 3 months of age were compared with five standard formula-fed and five breast-fed monkeys. Anthropometric measurements, serum insulin, immune parameters, fecal microbiota, and metabolic profiles of serum, urine, and feces were evaluated...
November 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918205/dietary-inclusion-of-different-multi-strain-complex-probiotics-on-performance-in-broilers
#2
B Balamuralikrishnan, S I Lee, I H Kim
1. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of two different complex probiotic supplementations on the growth performance, meat quality, excreta microflora, nutrient retention, blood metabolic profile and noxious gas emissions in broilers. 2. A total of 612 conventional healthy 1-d-old Ross 308 broilers with body weight of 41 ± 0.3 g were randomly divided into 3 treatments with 12 replicate cages, with 17 broilers in each cage and fed with the following diets: CON-Basal diet, T1-CON + Probiotic A, T2-CON + Probiotic B...
December 5, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914202/probiotic-roles-of-lactobacillus-spp-in-swine-insights-from-gut-microbiota
#3
REVIEW
Valerie Diane V Valeriano, Marilen P Balolong, Dae-Kyung Kang
The use of lactobacilli as probiotics in swine has been gaining attention due to their ability to improve growth performance and carcass quality, prevent gastrointestinal infection, and most importantly, their 'generally recognised as safe' status. Previous studies support the potential of lactobacilli to regulate host immune systems, enhance gut metabolic capacities, and maintain balance in the gut microbiota. Research on swine gut microbiota has revealed complex gut microbial community structure and showed the importance of Lactobacillus to the host's health...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900619/current-perspectives-on-antihypertensive-probiotics
#4
REVIEW
Eric Banan-Mwine Daliri, Byong H Lee, Deog H Oh
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Optimizing blood pressure results in an overall health outcome. Over the years, the gut microbiota has been found to play a significant role in host metabolic processes, immunity, and physiology. Dietary strategies have therefore become a target for restoring disturbed gut microbiota to treat metabolic diseases. Probiotics and their fermented products have been shown in many studies to lower blood pressure by suppressing nitrogen oxide production in microphages, reducing reactive oxygen species, and enhancing dietary calcium absorption...
November 29, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891089/effect-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-cognitive-function-and-metabolic-status-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-and-controlled-trial
#5
Elmira Akbari, Zatollah Asemi, Reza Daneshvar Kakhaki, Fereshteh Bahmani, Ebrahim Kouchaki, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Gholam Ali Hamidi, Mahmoud Salami
: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with severe cognitive impairments as well as some metabolic defects. Scant studies in animal models indicate a link between probiotics and cognitive function. This randomized, double-blind, and controlled clinical trial was conducted among 60 AD patients to assess the effects of probiotic supplementation on cognitive function and metabolic status. The patients were randomly divided into two groups (n = 30 in each group) treating with either milk (control group) or a mixture of probiotics (probiotic group)...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889756/liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-reveals-the-effect-of-lactobacillus-treatment-on-the-faecal-metabolite-profile-of-rats-with-chronic-renal-failure
#6
Bin Wu, Hongli Jiang, Quan He, Meng Wang, Jinhong Xue, Hua Liu, Kehui Shi, Meng Wei, Shanshan Liang, Liwen Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic kidney disease is accompanied by changes in the gut microbiome and by an increase in the number of gut pathogenic bacteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of the faecal metabolic profiles in rats with uremia, and to determine whether the altered metabolites in the rats with uremia can be restored by Lactobacillus. METHODS: Thirty rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham, uremia and uremia + probiotic (UP) groups...
November 26, 2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888158/metabolomic-profile-of-children-with-recurrent-respiratory-infections
#7
Sara Bozzetto, Paola Pirillo, Silvia Carraro, Mariangela Berardi, Laura Cesca, Matteo Stocchero, Giuseppe Giordano, Stefania Zanconato, Eugenio Baraldi
Recurrent respiratory infections (RRI) represent a widespread condition which has a severe social and economic impact. Immunostimulants are used for their prevention. It is crucial to better characterize children with RRI to refine their diagnosis and identify effective personalized prevention strategies. Metabolomics is a high-dimensional biological method that can be used for hypothesis-free biomarker profiling, examining a large number of metabolites in a given sample using spectroscopic techniques. Multivariate statistical data analysis then enables us to infer which metabolic information is relevant to the biological characterization of a given physiological or pathological condition...
November 22, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886064/probiotic-supplements-beneficially-affect-tryptophan-kynurenine-metabolism-and-reduce-the-incidence-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-trained-athletes-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Barbara Strasser, Daniela Geiger, Markus Schauer, Johanna M Gostner, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher, Dietmar Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intense exercise has been associated with transient suppression of immune function and an increased risk of infections. In this context, the catabolism of amino acid tryptophan via kynurenine may play an important role. The present study examined the effect of a probiotic supplement on the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and the metabolism of aromatic amino acids after exhaustive aerobic exercise in trained athletes during three months of winter training...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867803/effect-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-ssp-lactis-gcl2505-on-visceral-fat-accumulation-in-healthy-japanese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Shota Takahashi, Daisuke Anzawa, Kazuyo Takami, Akihiro Ishizuka, Takashi Mawatari, Kohei Kamikado, Haruhi Sugimura, Tomohiko Nishijima
Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis GCL2505 (B. lactis GCL2505) is able to survive passage through the intestine and then proliferate, leading to an increase in the amount of gut bifidobacteria. In the present study, we evaluated the impact of B. lactis GCL2505 on abdominal visceral fat storage in overweight and mildly obese Japanese adults. This clinical study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparative trial performed for 12 weeks. Healthy Japanese subjects (N=137) with body mass indices ranging from 23 to 30 kg/m(2) consumed either fermented milk containing B...
2016: Bioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866330/human-gut-microbiota-the-links-with-dementia-development
#10
REVIEW
Rashad Alkasir, Jing Li, Xudong Li, Miao Jin, Baoli Zhu
Dementia is a comprehensive category of brain diseases that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease, which makes most of cases. New researches indicate that gastrointestinal tract microbiota are directly linked to dementia pathogenesis through triggering metabolic diseases and low-grade inflammation progress. A novel strategy is proposed for the management of these disorders and as an adjuvant for psychiatric treatment of dementia and other related diseases through modulation of the microbiota (e...
November 19, 2016: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859340/amino-acids-profile-and-sensory-characteristic-of-dry-fermented-pork-loins-produced-with-the-mixture-of-the-probiotic-starter-cultures
#11
Katarzyna Neffe-Skocińska, Anna Okoń, Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska, Zbigniew Dolatowski
BACKGROUND: Proteolysis is a biochemical processes in dry-aged meat products where proteins are metabolized and broken down to polypeptides, peptides and free amino acids. In the literature are presented that the proper choice of probiotic starter cultures limits proteolytic changes in dry fermented meat products. In this study the combined effect of the mixture of probiotic starter cultures on the free amino acid profile, total count of lactic acid bacteria, and the sensory quality of dry-aged pork loins after fermentation and after storing the vacuum-packed samples was evaluated...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853525/bacteriocin-production-a-relatively-unharnessed-probiotic-trait
#12
REVIEW
James W Hegarty, Caitriona M Guinane, R Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Paul D Cotter
Probiotics are "live microorganisms which, when consumed in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit to the host". A number of attributes are highly sought after among these microorganisms, including immunomodulation, epithelial barrier maintenance, competitive exclusion, production of short-chain fatty acids, and bile salt metabolism. Bacteriocin production is also generally regarded as a probiotic trait, but it can be argued that, in contrast to other traits, it is often considered a feature that is desirable, rather than a key probiotic trait...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848096/the-gut-kidney-axis
#13
REVIEW
Pieter Evenepoel, Ruben Poesen, Björn Meijers
The host-gut microbiota interaction has been the focus of increasing interest in recent years. It has been determined that this complex interaction is not only essential to many aspects of normal "mammalian" physiology but that it may also contribute to a multitude of ailments, from the obvious case of inflammatory bowel disease to (complex) diseases residing in organs outside the gut. An increasing body of evidence indicates that crosstalk between host and microbiota is pathophysiologically relevant in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834122/metabolic-engineering-for-probiotics-and-their-genome-wide-expression-profiling
#14
Ruby Yadav, Puneet Kumar Singh, Pratyoosh Shukla
Probiotic supplements in food industry have attracted a lot of attention and shown a remarkable growth in this field. Metabolic engineering (ME) approaches enable understanding their mechanism of action and increases possibility of designing probiotic strains with desired functions. Probiotic microorganisms generally referred as industrially important lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which are involved in fermenting dairy products, food, beverages and produces lactic acid as final product. A number of illustrations of metabolic engineering approaches in industrial probiotic bacteria have been described in this review including Transcriptomic studies of Lactobacillus reuteri and improvement in exopolysaccharide (EPS) biosynthesis yield in Lactobacillus casei LC2W...
November 11, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833381/effects-of-a-high-fat-diet-on-intestinal-microbiota-and-gastrointestinal-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Mei Zhang, Xiao-Jiao Yang
Along with the rapid development of society, lifestyles and diets have gradually changed. Due to overwhelming material abundance, high fat, high sugar and high protein diets are common. Numerous studies have determined that diet and its impact on gut microbiota are closely related to obesity and metabolic diseases. Different dietary components affect gut microbiota, thus impacting gastrointestinal disease occurrence and development. A large number of related studies are progressing rapidly. Gut microbiota may be an important intermediate link, causing gastrointestinal diseases under the influence of changes in diet and genetic predisposition...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824645/a-single-species-of-clostridium-subcluster-xiva-decreased-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients
#16
Kozue Takeshita, Shinta Mizuno, Yohei Mikami, Tomohisa Sujino, Keiichiro Saigusa, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Makoto Naganuma, Tadashi Sato, Toshihiko Takada, Hirokazu Tsuji, Akira Kushiro, Koji Nomoto, Takanori Kanai
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of the intestinal microbiota is associated with gastrointestinal disease and autoimmune disease and metabolic syndrome. Analysis of the intestinal microbiota has recently progressed, and the association with inflammatory bowel disease has been reported at the species level. Such findings suggest that the recovery of homeostasis in the intestinal microbiota could cure inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to search new probiotic candidates for inflammatory bowel disease through translational research by analysis of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients' intestinal microbiota and clarify the effects of them on inflammation...
November 7, 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824342/systems-level-metabolism-of-the-altered-schaedler-flora-a-complete-gut-microbiota
#17
Matthew B Biggs, Gregory L Medlock, Thomas J Moutinho, Hannah J Lees, Jonathan R Swann, Glynis L Kolling, Jason A Papin
The altered Schaedler flora (ASF) is a model microbial community with both in vivo and in vitro relevance. Here we provide the first characterization of the ASF community in vitro, independent of a murine host. We compared the functional genetic content of the ASF to wild murine metagenomes and found that the ASF functionally represents wild microbiomes better than random consortia of similar taxonomic composition. We developed a chemically defined medium that supported growth of seven of the eight ASF members...
November 8, 2016: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821438/akkermansia-muciniphila-improves-metabolic-profiles-by-reducing-inflammation-in-chow-diet-fed-mice
#18
Shaoqian Zhao, Wen Liu, Jiqiu Wang, Juan Shi, Yingkai Sun, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning, Ruixin Liu, Jie Hong
Abnormal shifts in the composition of gut microbiota contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases, including obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The crosstalk between gut microbes and the host affects the inflammatory status and glucose tolerance of the individuals, but the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated completely. In this study, we treated the lean chow diet-fed mice with Akkermansia muciniphila, which is thought to be inversely correlated with inflammation status and body weight in rodents and humans, and we found that A...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821203/ageing-alters-the-impact-of-nutrition-on-immune-function
#19
Parveen Yaqoob
Immunosenescence during ageing is a major challenge which weakens the ability of older individuals to respond to infection or vaccination. There has been much interest in dietary strategies to improve immunity in older people, but there is an assumption that modulation of the immune response in older people will be based on the same principles as for younger adults. Recent evidence suggests that ageing fundamentally alters the impact of nutrition on immune function. As a result, interpretation of data from studies investigating the impact of diet on immune function is highly dependent on subject age...
November 8, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821122/effects-of-chromium-enriched-bacillus-subtilis-kt260179-supplementation-on-chicken-growth-performance-plasma-lipid-parameters-tissue-chromium-levels-cecal-bacterial-composition-and-breast-meat-quality
#20
Jiajun Yang, Kun Qian, Wei Zhang, Yayuan Xu, Yijing Wu
BACKGROUND: Both chromium (Cr) and probiotic bacillus own the virtues of regulating animal metabolism and meat quality. Purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of supplemental Cr and bacillus in the form of chromium-enriched Bacillus subtilis KT260179 (CEBS) on chicken growth performance, plasma lipid parameters, tissue chromium levels, cecal bacterial composition and breast meat quality. METHODS: Six hundred of 1-day-old Chinese Huainan Partridge chickens were divided into four groups randomly: Control, inorganic Cr, Bacillus subtilis, and CEBS...
November 8, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
keyword
keyword
27055
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"