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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728405/effect-of-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-to-gestation-diet-on-reproductive-rerformance-blood-profiles-and-milk-composition-of-sows
#1
Hyunbong Choi, Song Shan Jin, Sung Woong Jung, Jae Cheol Jang, Jin Su Hong, Jae Hark Jeong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation levels of rapeseed meal (RSM) in gestation diets on reproductive performance, blood profiles and milk composition of sows and performance of their progeny. Methods: A total of 55 mixed-parity sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; average parity = 3.82) with an initial body weight (BW) of 193.0 kg were used in this experiment. Sows were allotted to one of 5 treatments at breeding based on BW and backfat thickness in a completely randomized design...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728404/quality-of-steak-restructured-from-beef-trimmings-containing-microbial-transglutaminase-and-impacted-by-freezing-and-grading-by-fat-level
#2
Supaluk Sorapukdee, Pussadee Tangwatcharin
Objective: The objective of this research was to evaluate the physico-chemical, microbiological and sensorial qualities of restructured steaks processed from beef trimmings (grade I and II) and frozen beef (fresh beef as control and frozen beef). Method: Beef trimmings from commercial butcher were collected, designated into 4 treatments differed in beef trimmings grade and freezing, processed into restructured steaks with 1% microbial transglutaminase and then analyzed product quality...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728398/effects-of-dietary-energy-levels-on-physiological-parameters-and-reproductive-performance-in-gestating-sows-over-three-consecutive-parities
#3
S S Jin, Y H Jin, J C Jang, J S Hong, S W Jung, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effects of the dietary energy levels on the physiological parameters and reproductive performance during gestation over three parities in sows. Methods: A total of 52 F1 gilts (Yorkshire×Landrace) were allotted to one of four dietary treatments using a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments contained 3,100, 3,200, 3,300 or 3,400 kcal of ME/kg diet but feed was provided at 2.0, 2.2 and 2.4kg/day in the first, second and third parity, respectively...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728395/effects-of-supplementary-glycerin-on-milk-composition-and-heat-stability-in-dairy-goats
#4
Deela Thoh, Patcharin Pakdeechanuan, Pin Chanjula
Objective: This experiment was to study the effects of various levels of crude glycerin (CG) in dairy goat diet on daily intake, milk yield, milk composition, some physical properties and some quality changes of goat milk after sterilization. Methods: Twelve 75% Saanen dairy goats (BW = 49±3 kg; days in milk = 60±12 d) were randomly assigned in a completely randomized design to evaluate the effects of three experimental diets consisting of 0, 5 and 10% CG (dry matter basis) which were formulated to meet or exceed the nutrient requirements of goats...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728391/dietary-maifanite-supplementation-did-not-affect-the-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-growing-pigs
#5
Lili Bai, Dongxu Ming, Shuren Dong, Zhongyue Yang, Wenhui Wang, Shuai Zhang, Xiangshu Piao, Ling Liu, Fenglai Wang
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary maifanite supplementation and fecal collection method on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) and blood parameters in growing pigs. Methods: Thirty-six growing barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire;27.0±2.6 kg) were allotted to six dietary treatments with 6 pigs per treatment according to body weight in a completely randomized design. The experimental treatments were: (1) Low Ca+cornstarch (2...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728390/effect-of-dietary-net-energy-concentrations-on-growth-performance-and-net-energy-intake-of-growing-gilts
#6
Gang Il Lee, Jong Hyuk Kim, Gi Ppeum Han, Do Yoon Koo, Hyeon Seok Choi, Dong Yong Kil
Objective: This experiment investigated the effect of dietary net energy (NE) concentrations on growth performance and NE intake of growing gilts. Methods: Five diets were formulated to contain 9.6, 10.1, 10.6, 11.1, and 11.6 MJ NE/kg, respectively. A metabolism trial with 10 growing pigs (average body weight [BW] = 15.9 ± 0.24 kg) was conducted to determine NE concentrations of 5 diets based on French and Dutch NE systems in a 5 × 5 replicated Latin square design...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728380/effects-of-different-space-allowances-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-and-pork-quality-in-a-grow-to-finish-production-system
#7
J C Jang, X H Jin, J S Hong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the optimal space allowance on growth performance, blood profile and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs. Methods: A total of ninety crossbred pigs ([Yorkshire x Landrace] x Duroc, 30.25 ± 1.13 kg) were allocated into three treatments (0.96: four pigs / pen, 0.96 m2/pig; 0.80: five pigs / pen, 0.80 m2/pig; 0.69: six pigs / pen, 0.69 m2/pig) in a randomized complete block (RCB) design. Pigs were housed in balanced sex and had free access to feed in all phases for 14 weeks (growing phase I, growing phase II, finishing phase I and finishing phase II)...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728379/effects-of-dietary-glutamine-and-arginine-supplementation-on-performance-intestinal-morphology-and-ascites-mortality-in-broiler-chickens-reared-under-cold-environment
#8
Rahim Abdulkarimi, Mohammad Hossien Shahir, Mohsen Daneshyar
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary glutamine (Gln) and arginine (Arg) supplementation on performance, intestinal morphology and ascites mortality in broilers. Methods: A total of 675 day old chicks were randomly allocated to 9 experimental groups in a 3×3 factorial arrangement based on a completely randomized design with 5 replicates of 15 chicks. Three levels of dietary Gln (0, 0.5 and 1%) and Arg (100, 130% and 160% of Ross recommendation) supplementation were used in ascites inducing condition (15±1 ˚C) from 7 to 42 days of age...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728378/phenotypic-diversity-major-genes-and-production-potential-of-local-chickens-and-guinea-fowl-in-tamale-northern-ghana
#9
Michael Mensah Brown, Benjamin Alenyorege, Gabriel Ayum Teye, Regina Roessler
Objective: Our study provides information on phenotypes of local chickens and guinea fowl and their body measures as well as on major genes in local chickens in northern Ghana. Methods: Qualitative and morphometric traits were recorded on 788 local chickens and 394 guinea fowl in urban households in Tamale, Ghana. Results: The results showed considerable variation of color traits and numerous major genes in local chickens, while color variations and related genotypes in guinea fowl were limited...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728376/effect-of-condensed-tannins-containing-ficus-infectoria-and-psidium-guajava-leaf-meal-mixture-supplementation-on-nutrient-metabolism-methane-emission-and-performance-of-lambs
#10
A K Pathak, Narayan Dutta, A K Pattanaik, V B Chaturvedi, K Sharma
Objective: The study was conducted to examine the effect of condensed tannins (CT) containing Ficus infectoria and Psidium guajava leaf meal mixture (LMM) supplementation on nutrient metabolism, methane emission and performance of lambs. Methods: Twenty four lambs of ~ 6 months age (average body weight 10.1±0.60 kg) were randomly divided into 4 dietary treatments (CT-0, CT-1, CT-1.5 and CT-2 containing 0, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 percent CT through LMM, respectively) consisting of 6 lambs each in a completely randomized design...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728370/endotoxin-induced-inflammation-disturbs-melatonin-secretion-in-ewe
#11
Andrzej Przemysław Herman, Karolina Wojtulewicz, Joanna Bochenek, Agata Krawczyńska, Hanna Antushevich, Bartosz Pawlina, Marlena Zielińska-Góska, Anna Herman, Katarzyna Romanowicz, Dorota Tomaszewska-Zaremba
The study was designed to determine the effect of intravenous administration of bacterial endotoxin - lipopolysaccharide (LPS) - on the nocturnal secretion of melatonin and on the expression of enzymes of the melatonin biosynthetic pathway in the pineal gland of ewes, taking into account two different photoperiodic conditions: short night (SN; n = 12) and long night (LN; n = 12). Endotoxin administration lowered (P < 0.05) levels of circulating melatonin in animals from LN photoperiod only during the first hour after treatment, while in ewes from SN photoperiod only in the third hour after the injection...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728366/effect-of-dietary-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-productive-performance-egg-quality-and-utilization-of-dietary-energy-and-nutrients-in-aged-laying-hens-raised-under-hot-climatic-conditions
#12
Moon Chan Kim, Jong Hyuk Kim, Franco Martinez Pitargue, Do Yoon Koo, Hyeon Seok Choi, Dong Yong Kil
Objective: The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of dietary β-mannanase on productive performance, egg quality, and utilization of dietary energy and nutrients in aged laying hens raised under hot climatic conditions. Methods: A total of 320 84-wk-old Hy-line Brown aged laying hens were allotted to one of four treatments with eight replicates in a completely randomized design. Two dietary treatments with high energy (HE; 2,800 kcal/kg AMEn) and low energy (LE; 2,700 kcal/kg AMEn) were formulated...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728365/effects-of-inclusion-level-and-adaptation-period-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-digestible-energy-of-wheat-bran-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#13
Jinbiao Zhao, Shuai Zhang, Fei Xie, Defa Li, Chengfei Huang
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels and adaptation periods on digestible energy (DE) and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of chemical constituents in diets supplemented with wheat bran. Methods: Thirty-six crossbred barrows with an initial body weight (BW) of 85.0 ± 2.1 kg were allotted to 6 diets in a completely randomized block design with 6 pigs per diet. Diets included a corn-soybean basal diet and 5 additional diets which formulated by replacing corn and soybean meal in control diet with 15, 25, 35, 45, or 55% wheat bran...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728363/effect-of-different-levels-of-protein-concentrates-supplementation-on-the-growth-performance-plasma-amino-acids-profile-and-mtor-cascade-genes-expression-in-early-weaned-yak-calves
#14
Quhani Peng, Nazir Ahmad Khan, B Xue, T H Yan, Z S Ahmad Wang
Objective: Yak is anone of the most important livestock species in the alpine-meadow grasslands of Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. WeThis study evaluated the effects of different levels of protein concentrate supplementation on the growth performance of yak calves, and correlated the growth rate to the changes occurring in the plasma- amino acids, and -insulin profile, and to the signaling activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) cascade, in order to characterize the mechanism through which the protein synthesis can be improved in early weaned yaks...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728359/influence-of-supplemental-canola-or-soybean-oil-on-milk-yield-fatty-acid-profile-and-postpartum-weight-changes-in-grazing-dairy-goats
#15
Israel Lerma-Reyes, G D Mendoza-Martínez, Rolando Rojo-Rubio, Mario Mejia, Juan Carlos Garcia-Lopez, Hector Aaron Lee-Rangel
Objective: This experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of supplementation with soybean or canola oil on milk production and the composition of long chain fatty acids as well as weight changes in the goats and their kids. Methods: Thirty nine mulitparous crossed Alpine x Nubian goats (initial BW 43.5 ± 1.7 kg) from the day of parturition were assigned to the treatments: grazing control (n=15); grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental soybean oil (n=12); and grazing plus 20 mL/goat/d of supplemental canola oil (n=12)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#16
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Objectives: Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. There is not a comprehensive picture of the health status and work-related hazards among Iranian farmers. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published until March 2017...
July 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728333/the-lazy-s-design-a-novel-skin-closure-design-in-skin-sparing-mastectomy-for-implant-based-breast-reconstruction
#17
June-Kyu Kim, Yong Seong Kim
Preservation of the breast skin envelope during immediate implant-based breast reconstruction is important for producing symmetrical and natural-looking breasts. We propose the lazy S design for the closure of round-shaped wounds with the hope of improving the aesthetic outcomes and reducing the tension on the wound by preserving the skin. Additionally, the direction of tension is dispersed due to the shape of this design. Patients undergoing implant reconstruction after skin-sparing mastectomy may benefit from the lazy S design...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728330/hair-diameter-variation-in-different-vertical-regions-of-the-occipital-safe-donor-area
#18
Seon Sik Yun, Jae Hyun Park, Young Cheon Na
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning hair diameter variation within the safe donor area for hair transplantation surgery. Thicker or thinner hair may be needed, depending on the recipient area, hairline design, and the purpose of surgery. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (7 men and 20 women; mean age, 28 years; range, 20-47 years) were included in this study. The midoccipital point was used as the reference point on the horizontal plane at the upper border of the helical rim...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728306/-interpretation-of-guidance-for-establishing-the-performance-characteristics-of-in-vitro-diagnostic-devices-for-the-detection-or-detection-and-differentiation-of-high-risk-human-papillomaviruses-issued-by-food-and-drug-administration-of-united-states-and-china
#19
R M Feng, W Chen, Y L Qiao
To establish the standardization of clinical verification designs for in vitro diagnostic devices(IVDs) of human papillomavirus, China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued guidelines of detailed study designs and effectiveness evaluation for accuracy validation and clinical performance of nucleic acid detection, respectively, including triage of a typical squamous cells of undetermined significance(ASC-US) patients and validation of combined screening and preliminary screening...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728280/-the-problems-and-challenges-in-the-current-eye-health-management-in-china
#20
H D Zou
The core goal of "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Eye Health (2016 to 2020)" is to obtain eye health. At present, there are still several problems hampering Chinese eye health management system development, including the lack of top policy design, system protection and financial investment, weak support from primary health care institutions, other medical disciplines and social forces, and insufficient digital information. To achieve effective eye health management, it is necessary to address the sustainability of eye health management, the integrity of eye health digital information data and the feasibility of eye health payment...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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