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Children health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#2
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#3
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199403/comparison-of-microbiological-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-by-routine-health-service-laboratories-and-a-research-laboratory-diagnostic-cohort-study
#4
Kate Birnie, Alastair D Hay, Mandy Wootton, Robin Howe, Alasdair MacGowan, Penny Whiting, Michael Lawton, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, William Hollingworth, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith Van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Kim Harman, Kerenza Hood, Christopher C Butler, Jonathan A C Sterne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the validity of diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) through urine culture between samples processed in routine health service laboratories and those processed in a research laboratory. POPULATION AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective diagnostic cohort study in 4808 acutely ill children aged <5 years attending UK primary health care. UTI, defined as pure/predominant growth ≥105 CFU/mL of a uropathogen (the reference standard), was diagnosed at routine health service laboratories and a central research laboratory by culture of urine samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185598/how-is-perceived-community-cohesion-and-membership-in-community-groups-associated-with-children-s-dietary-adequacy-in-disadvantaged-communities-a-case-of-the-indian-sundarbans
#5
Debjani Barman, Lalitha Vadrevu
BACKGROUND: Membership in community groups and a sense of community cohesion may facilitate collective action in mobilizing resources towards better health outcomes. This paper explores the relationship of these factors, along with individual level socio-economic variables, to dietary adequacy among children below 6 years of age, a proximate determinant of child malnutrition. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Patharpratima block of the Sundarbans in West Bengal, India, using a two-stage, 30 cluster random sampling design...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185586/expressing-collective-voices-on-children-s-health-photovoice-exploration-with-mothers-of-young-children-from-the-indian-sundarbans
#6
Upasona Ghosh, Shibaji Bose, Rittika Bramhachari, Sabyasachi Mandal
BACKGROUND: The Indian Sundarbans is marked by inhospitable terrain and frequent climatic shocks which jointly hinder access to health care. Community members, and women in particular, have few means to communicate their concerns to local decision makers. Photovoice is one way in which communities can raise their local health challenges with decision makers. This study unlocks mothers' voices on the determinants of their children's health to inform local level decision-making on child health issues in the Indian Sundarbans...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174150/involving-children-with-cancer-in-health-promotive-research-a-case-study-describing-why-what-and-how
#7
Jens M Nygren, Susanne Lindberg, Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg
BACKGROUND: Participatory research approaches have been introduced to meet end-users' needs in the development of health promotion interventions among children. However, whereas children are increasingly involved as passive informants in particular parts of research, they are rarely involved as partners, equal to adult researchers, throughout the research process. This is especially prominent in the context of child health where the child is commonly considered to be vulnerable or when the research concerns sensitive situations...
February 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169420/parents-and-informal-caregivers-views-and-experiences-of-communication-about-routine-childhood-vaccination-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Heather Mr Ames, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Childhood vaccination is an effective way to prevent serious childhood illnesses, but many children do not receive all the recommended vaccines. There are various reasons for this; some parents lack access because of poor quality health services, long distances or lack of money. Other parents may not trust vaccines or the healthcare workers who provide them, or they may not see the need for vaccination due to a lack of information or misinformation about how vaccinations work and the diseases they can prevent...
February 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#9
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144769/the-adolescent-health-care-broker-adolescents-interpreting-for-family-members-and-themselves-in-health-care
#10
Jennifer R Banas, James W Ball, Lisa C Wallis, Sarah Gershon
Parents with limited English proficiency might rely on their adolescent children to interpret health information. We call this adolescent healthcare brokering. Using a mixed-methods, transformative research approach rooted in grounded theory, we sought to answer these questions: (a) "What is happening? What are people doing?" and (b) "What do these stories indicate? What might they suggest about social justice?" High school students from a community in which 53.4% speak another language at home were invited to participate in a survey and focus groups...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143516/important-factors-to-consider-when-treating-children-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-perspectives-of-health-professionals-from-specialist-services
#11
Roxanne M Parslow, Alison Shaw, Kirstie L Haywood, Esther Crawley
BACKGROUND: Paediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is relatively common and disabling. Improving treatment requires the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that enable clinicians and researchers to collect patient-centred evidence on outcomes. Health professionals are well placed to provide clinical insight into the condition, its treatment and possible outcomes. This study aimed to understand the perspectives of specialist paediatric CFS/ME health professionals and identify outcomes that are clinically important...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137707/impact-of-functional-somatic-symptoms-on-5-7-year-olds-healthcare-use-and-costs
#12
Troels Græsholt-Knudsen, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about childhood functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and healthcare costs is scarce. This study aims to assess whether FSS in children aged 5-7 years are associated with increased future primary healthcare. DESIGN: At baseline of the observational cohort study, between years 2005 and 2007, 1327 children from the Copenhagen Child Cohort were assessed at ages 5-7 years for FSS and chronic physical diseases using the Soma Assessment Interview...
January 30, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135478/likelihood-of-breastfeeding-within-the-usda-s-food-and-nutrition-service-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-population
#13
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mica Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health initiative. Low-income women benefiting from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are a prime population for breastfeeding promotion efforts. Research aim: This study aims to determine factors associated with increased likelihood of breastfeeding for WIC participants. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided the systematic review of literature...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129759/demography-maternal-health-and-the-epidemiology-of-malaria-and-other-major-infectious-diseases-in-the-rural-department-tsamba-magotsi-ngounie-province-in-central-african-gabon
#14
R Zoleko Manego, G Mombo-Ngoma, M Witte, J Held, M Gmeiner, T Gebru, B Tazemda, J Mischlinger, M Groger, B Lell, A A Adegnika, S T Agnandji, P G Kremsner, B Mordmüller, M Ramharter, P B Matsiegui
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing an epidemiological transition from a predominance of infectious diseases to non-communicable and lifestyle related conditions. However, the pace of this transition and the pattern of disease epidemiology are uneven between affluent urban and rural poor populations. To address this question for a remote rural region located in the central African rainforest region of Gabon, this study was conducted to assess reasons for health care attendance and to characterize the epidemiology of malaria and other major infectious diseases for the department of Tsamba Magotsi...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#15
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125277/the-african-pediatric-fellowship-training-program-in-pediatric-pulmonology-a-model-for-growing-african-capacity-in-child-lung-health
#16
Heather J Zar, Aneesa Vanker, Diane Gray, Marco Zampoli
Childhood respiratory diseases are the major cause of mortality and morbidity in African children. However, there is limited expertise in pediatric pulmonology in Africa. The African Pediatric Fellowship Program (APFP) was developed in the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health at the University of Cape Town in partnership with African academic institutions beyond South Africa to promote training of African child health professionals and build capacity. From 2008 to 2016, 11 fellows have completed APFP training in pediatric pulmonology...
January 26, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124485/addressing-the-mental-health-needs-of-looked-after-children-in-foster-care-the-experiences-of-foster-carers
#17
W York, J Jones
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: In the UK and internationally, the number of looked after children is increasing year on year. Mental health problems among looked after children are significantly higher than in the general population, and the uptake of mental health services for these children is low. There is a poor prognosis for children with untreated mental health problems; this is further compounded if the child is within the care system. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This study adds to our understanding of foster carers' experiences of the mental health needs of looked after children and demonstrates some of the challenges associated with accessing appropriate and timely mental health services...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122592/barriers-and-enablers-of-health-system-adoption-of-kangaroo-mother-care-a-systematic-review-of-caregiver-perspectives
#18
Emily R Smith, Ilana Bergelson, Stacie Constantian, Bina Valsangkar, Grace J Chan
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in child survival in the past four decades, an estimated 6.3 million children under the age of five die each year, and more than 40% of these deaths occur in the neonatal period. Interventions to reduce neonatal mortality are needed. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is one such life-saving intervention; however it has not yet been fully integrated into health systems around the world. Utilizing a conceptual framework for integration of targeted health interventions into health systems, we hypothesize that caregivers play a critical role in the adoption, diffusion, and assimilation of KMC...
January 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119350/a-systematic-review-of-management-strategies-for-children-s-mental-health-care-in-the-emergency-department-update-on-evidence-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice-and-research
#19
Amanda S Newton, Lisa Hartling, Amir Soleimani, Scott Kirkland, Michele P Dyson, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVE: Children with mental health crises require access to specialised resources and services which are not yet standard in general and paediatric EDs. In 2010, we published a systematic review that provided some evidence to support the use of specialised care models to reduce hospitalisation, return ED visits and length of ED stay. We perform a systematic review to update the evidence base and inform current policy statements. METHODS: Twelve databases and the grey literature were searched up to January 2015...
January 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110678/addressing-the-treatment-gap-a-key-challenge-for-extending-evidence-based-psychosocial-interventions
#20
Alan E Kazdin
Remarkable progress has been made in developing psychosocial interventions for a broad range of psychiatric disorders for children, adolescents, and adults. In addition many efforts are well underway to address the research-practice gap, which refers to the dissemination evidence-based treatments from controlled settings to clinical care. The present article focuses on the treatment gap, which refers to the discrepancy in the proportion of the population in need of services and the proportion that actually receives them...
January 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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