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Children health services research

Nathan H Johnson, Carol Vidal, Flavius R W Lilly
Background: Current prevalence estimates are 15% for depression and 20% for anxiety disorders among college students. These disorders are known to negatively impact academic achievement and persistence. It is important to understand the effects of parental military service on the mental health of children across development. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of being raised in a military household on current and historical depression and anxiety disorders among college students...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Chanel Zhan, Nicole Stadnick, David Sommerfeld, Scott Roesch, Gregory A Aarons, Debbie Innes-Gomberg, Lillian Bando, Anna S Lau
Evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation requires substantial resources in workforce training; yet, failure to achieve long-term sustainment can result in poor return on investment. There is limited research on EBP sustainment in mental health services long after implementation. This study examined therapists' continued vs. discontinued practice delivery based on administrative claims for reimbursement for six EBPs [Cognitive Behavioral Interventions for Trauma in Schools (CBITS), Child-Parent Psychotherapy, Managing and Adapting Practices (MAP), Seeking Safety (SS), Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TF-CBT), and Positive Parenting Program] adopted in a system-driven implementation effort in public mental health services for children...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Agnes Leu, Corinna Jung, Marianne Frech, Joe Sempik, Urs Moser, Martin Verner, Saul Becker
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, the issue of young carers and young adult carers - young people under the age of 18 and 24 respectively, who take on significant or substantial caring tasks and levels of responsibility that would usually be associated with an adult - has not been researched before. The number of these younger carers is unknown, as is the extent and kind of their caring activities and the outcomes for their health, well-being, psycho-social development, education, transitions to adulthood, future employability and economic participation...
March 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Brenda Si Elias, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Betty Head, Geoffrey G Hicks
Translating to the Community (T2C) is a social bio-repository designed to advance new diagnostic tools and realign community-clinical processes, with the aim to mitigate the short-and-long term impacts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), prenatal alcohol exposure, and its co-morbidities and behaviors. In this paper, we describe the evolution of this repository as a new translational partnership to advance a precision medicine approach to FASD. Key to its evolution was a partnership between academic researchers, Indigenous communities, families and a regional diagnostic clinic...
March 15, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Manuela Deidda, Kathleen Anne Boyd, Helen Minnis, Julia Donaldson, Kevin Brown, Nicole R S Boyer, Emma McIntosh
INTRODUCTION: Children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of mental and physical health problems throughout life. This places an enormous burden on individuals, families and society in terms of health services, education, social care and judiciary sectors. Evidence suggests that early intervention can mitigate the negative consequences of child maltreatment, exerting long-term positive effects on the health of maltreated children entering foster care. However, evidence on cost-effectiveness of such complex interventions is limited...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Debbie L Croyden, Helen A Vidgen, Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: PEACH™QLD translated the PEACH™ Program, designed to manage overweight/obesity in primary school-aged children, from efficacious RCT and small scale community trial to a larger state-wide program. This paper describes the lessons learnt when upscaling to universal health coverage. METHODS: The 6-month, family-focussed program was delivered in Queensland, Australia from 2013 to 2016. Its implementation was planned by researchers who developed the program and conducted the RCT, and experienced project managers and practitioners across the health continuum...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Suzanne Jolley, Elizabeth Kuipers, Catherine Stewart, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Nedah Basit, Kimberley Gin, Colette Hirsch, Richard Corrigall, Partha Banerjea, Grainne Turley, Daniel Stahl, Kristin R Laurens
OBJECTIVES: Health care guidelines recommend psychological interventions for childhood unusual experiences that are associated with distress or adverse functional impact (UEDs), based on adult, rather than child-specific, evidence. We report the first randomized controlled evaluation of the acceptability and potential clinical utility of cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood UEDs (CBT-UED). DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Participants aged 8-14 years were recruited from referrals to community services for children with emotional/behavioural problems and screened for self-reported UEDs...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Csanád Albert-Lőrincz
This study summarizes the results of the author's PhD thesis presenting the research process and the most important findings regarding the situation of Transylvanian healthcare. Our data are based on the knowledge and compliance of pediatric patients' rights as they are seen by healthcare specialists, parents and children. A number of 751 persons were involved in the research: 200 healthcare specialists, 200 parents, 200 children aged from 7 to 17 years who have been experiencing health services at least three times over the past year and a control group of 151 children who did not have this kind of experience...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Jan Ilhan Kizilhan
Research into the psychological consequences of rape on women in war and warlike situations is limited. The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence and the nature of PTSD symptoms among Yazidi women reporting rape during IS captivity, (b) to describe comorbidity of other psychological disorders, and (c) to examine the risk factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder.The study included 296 Yazidi women survivors of rape and has been conducted in Germany since January 2016 as part of a special-quota project in the German region of Baden-Wuerttemberg, designed to support the women and children who have escaped after being held hostage by IS...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Barbara Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect the use of postpartum care services in developing countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Global Health, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched for relevant articles in 2015 and 2016 with no publication date limit imposed. STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria and were assessed for quality with the use of a checklist developed by Fowkes and Fulton (1991) and a checklist developed by the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (2017)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Megan Rose Stafford, Mick Cooper, Michael Barkham, Jeni Beecham, Peter Bower, Karen Cromarty, Andrew J B Fugard, Charlie Jackson, Peter Pearce, Rebekah Ryder, Cathy Street
BACKGROUND: One in ten children in Britain have been identified as experiencing a diagnosable mental health disorder. School-based humanistic counselling (SBHC) may help young people identify, address, and overcome psychological distress. Data from four pilot trials suggest that SBHC may be clinically effective. However, a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) is needed to provide a robust test of its effectiveness, to assess its cost-effectiveness, and to determine the process of change...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Pamela Meadowcroft, Maria Zeglen Townsend, Art Maxwell
Increasingly, jurisdictions are requiring the adoption of certified evidence-based programs (EBPs) for behavioral health and human services for children, youth, and their families. Often, such adoption of proven, prepackaged programs is done without regard to existing, yet effective, locally developed program models. This study presents a replicable six-step process that identifies key researched elements from within existing programs and creates program-specific fidelity scoring and tracking tools for routine use during clinical supervision to assure that these elements are implemented well...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Livia Ottisova, Patrick Smith, Hitesh Shetty, Daniel Stahl, Johnny Downs, Sian Oram
BACKGROUND: Child trafficking is the recruitment and movement of people aged younger than 18 for the purposes of exploitation. Research on the mental health of trafficked children is limited, and little is known about the use of mental health services by this group. This study aimed to investigate the mental health and service use characteristics of trafficked children in contact with mental health services in England. METHODS & FINDINGS: The study employed an historical cohort design...
2018: PloS One
Philippa Fibert, Clare Relton, Tessa Peasgood, David Daley
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and growing problem and a leading cause of child referrals to Child and Adult Mental Health Services (CAMHS). It is a drain on resources across nationally funded support agencies and associated with negative outcomes such as early criminality, school disruption and antisocial behaviour. Mainstream interventions (pharmacological and behavioural) demonstrate effectiveness whilst implemented, but are costly, often have unwanted side effects and do not appear to be affecting long-term outcomes...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Arno Parolini, Aron Shlonsky, Joseph Magruder, Andrea Lane Eastman, Fred Wulczyn, Daniel Webster
Although kinship guardianship is an increasingly important foster care exit pathway for children in the United States, research on the factors leading to kinship guardianship breakdown is lacking. This study examines the factors associated with guardianship breakdown for children who exited foster care to kinship guardianship in California between 2003 and 2010 (N = 18,831). Specifying time-dependent Cox relative risk models, children's age trajectories are directly accounted for in the analysis. This allows differentiation between duration dependence (i...
March 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Timor-Leste's Maternal Mortality Ratio remains one of the highest in Asia. There is ample evidence that maternal deaths may be reduced substantially through the provision of good-quality modern methods of contraception. Many Timorese women wish to stop or delay having children. However, even when health services make contraception available, it does not mean that people will use it. Collaborating with Marie Stopes Timor-Leste, this qualitative research project used decolonising methodology to explore perceived influences contributing to contraceptive choices, and gain insight into how women's decisions to access contraception in Timor-Leste occur...
March 6, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Tola Khoun, Penelope E Malden, Bathsheba J Turton
BACKGROUND: Oral Health-Related Quality-of-Life (OHRQoL) measures have been developed and cross-culturally validated for use in many populations in recent years. Their use in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), however, is not as well established. AIM: This study aimed to validate two OHRQoL instruments for use with Cambodian children and to describe the OHRQoL of a sample of Cambodian children with CLP, compared with other children in the same cohort. METHODS: A convenience sample of 133 children aged 2-8 years and their families was recruited from two NGO health services in urban and rural areas of Cambodia...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Eyal Cohen, Jay G Berry, Lee Sanders, Edward L Schor, Paul H Wise
Discourse about childhood chronic conditions has transitioned in the last decade from focusing primarily on broad groups of children with special health care needs to concentrating in large part on smaller groups of children with medical complexity (CMC). Although a variety of definitions have been applied, the term CMC has most commonly been defined as children and youth with serious chronic conditions, substantial functional limitations, increased health and other service needs, and increased health care costs...
March 2018: Pediatrics
Amanda L Sanchez, Danielle Cornacchio, Bridget Poznanski, Alejandra M Golik, Tommy Chou, Jonathan S Comer
OBJECTIVE: Given problems and disparities in the use of community-based mental health services for youth, school personnel have assumed frontline mental health service roles. To date, most research on school-based services has evaluated analog educational contexts with services implemented by highly trained study staff, and little is known about the effectiveness of school-based mental health services when implemented by school professionals. METHOD: Random-effects meta-analytic procedures were used to synthesize effects of school-based mental health services for elementary school-age children delivered by school personnel and potential moderators of treatment response...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Raya Saab, Sima Jeha, Haifaa Khalifeh, Lama Zahreddine, Layal Bayram, Zeina Merabi, Miguel Abboud, Samar Muwakkit, Nidale Tarek, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Hassan ElSolh
BACKGROUND: The unrest in Syria has resulted in an escalating refugee crisis. The postwar lack of health care infrastructure in Iraq has also resulted in Iraqis seeking health care in neighboring countries. Pediatric cancer is largely curable, although its treatment is expensive and complex. Strategies to implement pediatric cancer care with curative intent in these vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS: To assess the feasibility of a collaborative approach for the provision of care to displaced children with cancer, this study reviewed the experience of the authors over the past 6 years in Lebanon, the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world...
February 28, 2018: Cancer
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