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Children health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#1
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927183/art-access-related-barriers-faced-by-hiv-positive-persons-linked-to-care-in-southern-ghana-a-mixed-method-study
#3
Augustine Ankomah, John Kuumuori Ganle, Margaret Yaa Lartey, Awewura Kwara, Priscilla Awo Nortey, Michael Perry Kweku Okyerefo, Amos Kankponang Laar
BACKGROUND: Timely and enduring access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) by HIV-infected individuals has been shown to substantially reduce HIV transmission risk, HIV-related morbidity and mortality. However, there is evidence that in addition to limited supply of antiretrovirals (ARVs) and linkage to ART in many low-income countries, HIV+ persons often encounter barriers in accessing ART-related services even in contexts where these services are freely available. In Ghana, limited research evidence exists regarding the barriers HIV+ persons already linked to ART face...
December 7, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921199/a-national-perspective-on-exploring-correlates-of-accreditation-in-children-s-mental-health-care
#4
Madeline Y Lee
This study is the first to explore national accreditation rates and the relationship between accreditation status and organizational characteristics and quality indicators in children's mental health. Data from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA's) National Survey of Mental Health Treatment Facilities (NSMHTF) were used from 8,247 facilities that serve children and/or adolescents. Nearly 60% (n=4,925) of the facilities were accredited by the Council on Accreditation (COA), the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF), or The Joint Commission (TJC)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910173/facilitators-and-barriers-to-person-centred-care-in-child-and-young-people-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review
#5
Dawid Gondek, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Tjasa Velikonja, Louise Chapman, Felicity Saunders, Daniel Hayes, Miranda Wolpert
: Implementation of person-centred care has been widely advocated across various health settings and patient populations, including recent policy for child and family services. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that service users are rarely involved in decision-making, whilst their preferences and goals may be often unheard. The aim of the present research was to systematically review factors influencing person-centred care in mental health services for children, young people and families examining perspectives from professionals, service users and carers...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#6
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900776/hospital-admissions-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-data-linkage-study
#7
Elaine Meehan, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, Gary L Freed, Jillian R Sewell, Suzanna Vidmar, Susan Donath, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: The overall aim was to investigate the feasibility and utility of linking a cerebral palsy (CP) register to an administrative data set for health services research purposes. We sought to compare CP hospital admissions to general childhood population admissions, and identify factors associated with type and frequency of admissions in a CP cohort. METHOD: The CP register for Victoria, Australia was linked to the state's hospital admissions database. Data pertaining to the admissions of a CP cohort (n=1748) that took place between 2007 and 2014 were extracted...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898679/patient-reported-barriers-to-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Zara Shubber, Edward J Mills, Jean B Nachega, Rachel Vreeman, Marcelo Freitas, Peter Bock, Sabin Nsanzimana, Martina Penazzato, Tsitsi Appolo, Meg Doherty, Nathan Ford
BACKGROUND: Maintaining high levels of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a challenge across settings and populations. Understanding the relative importance of different barriers to adherence will help inform the targeting of different interventions and future research priorities. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and PsychINFO from 01 January 1997 to 31 March 2016 for studies reporting barriers to adherence to ART...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896832/leaving-foster-or-residential-care-a-participatory-study-of-care-leavers-experiences-of-health-and-social-care-transitions
#9
K Liabo, C McKenna, A Ingold, H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Young people in residential or foster care experience multiple transitions around their 18(th) birthday without the long term and consistent support from their family of origin that most of their peers can expect. We report a mixed methods qualitative study of transitions across health and social care services for children leaving care, providing narratives of what young people described as positive, and what they and professionals think might be improved. METHODS: Data were collected in participatory meetings and individual interviews between young people and researchers (n = 24) and individual interviews with practitioners (n = 11)...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#10
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887796/vaccine-strategies-optimising-outcomes
#11
Karin Hardt, Paolo Bonanni, Susan King, Jose Ignacio Santos, Mostafa El-Hodhod, Gregory D Zimet, Scott Preiss
Successful immunisation programmes generally result from high vaccine effectiveness and adequate uptake of vaccines. In the development of new vaccination strategies, the structure and strength of the local healthcare system is a key consideration. In high income countries, existing infrastructures are usually used, while in less developed countries, the capacity for introducing new vaccines may need to be strengthened, particularly for vaccines administered beyond early childhood, such as the measles or human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine...
November 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872391/the-role-of-school-health-services-in-addressing-the-needs-of-students-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#12
Zanie C Leroy, Robin Wallin, Sarah Lee
Children and adolescents in the United States spend many hours in school. Students with chronic health conditions (CHCs) may face lower academic achievement, increased disability, fewer job opportunities, and limited community interactions as they enter adulthood. School health services provide safe and effective management of CHCs, often for students with limited access to health care. A systematic review to assess the role of school health services in addressing CHCs among students in Grades K-12 was completed using primary, peer-reviewed literature published from 2000 to 2015, on selected conditions: asthma, food allergies, diabetes, seizure disorders, and poor oral health...
November 20, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869408/knowledge-level-attitude-and-own-experience-of-health-professionals-about-breastfeeding-and-breast-milk-in-a-city-of-turkey-cross-sectional-study
#13
Aylin Baydar Artantas, Burcu Kayhan Tetis, Melek Kılıc, İrep Karatas Eray, Nazan Cetin, Sinem Güney, Dogan Akdogan, Umut Domad, Yusuf Ustu, Mehmet Ugurlu
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide consensus about breastfeeding is that the infant should exclusively be breastfed until six months of life. Despite this, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of age is low in so many countries including Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, the attitudes and the own experiences of health professionals about breastfeeding and breast milk, in a metropolitan city in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed between July 2012 and December 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866391/adolescent-healthcare-brokering-prevalence-experience-impact-and-opportunities
#14
Jennifer R Banas, Lisa C Wallis, James W Ball, Sarah Gershon
BACKGROUND: Limited health literacy disproportionately affects those with limited English proficiency (LEP). Parents with LEP might rely on their adolescent children to interpret health information. We call this adolescent healthcare brokering. This study uncovers the prevalence of brokering, kinds of tasks, emotional and academic impact, and desired support. METHODS: We invited 165 students from health classes (in a community in which 29.8% are foreign-born and 53...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862944/factors-related-to-the-burnout-of-japanese-female-nurses-with-children-under-3%C3%A2-years-old
#15
Yuko Takayama, Eiko Suzuki, Atsuko Kobiyama, Akiko Maruyama, Yoshiko Sera
AIM: Burnout is a common feature among healthcare professionals; however, little systematic research exists on burnout among nurses who are raising children. The burnout-related factors among female nurses with children under the age of 3 years were identified in order to ascertain potential burnout prevention methods. METHODS: In total, 1681 nurses with children who worked at nine city hospitals in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, were sent the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey; 1173 nurses responded in June 2014...
November 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858263/-it-was-like-walking-without-knowing-where-i-was-going-a-qualitative-study-of-autism-in-a-uk-somali-migrant-community
#16
Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Sabi Redwood, Dheeraj Rai
Increasing recognition of autism in Somali migrant communities means that appropriate support services are needed. Attitudes to autism and barriers related to help-seeking in these communities are poorly understood. We aimed to assess what families affected by autism need, and how health, education and social care services can support them. In partnership with the local Somali community the research team conducted 15 in-depth interviews with parents affected by autism. Two themes are reported; 'Perceptions of Autism' and 'Navigating the System'...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857880/sbirt-based-interventions-to-improve-pediatric-oral-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-considerations-for-future-behavioral-sbirt-interventions-in-dentistry
#17
Josué Cuevas, Donald L Chi
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children and is caused by poor oral health behaviors. These behaviors include high-sugar diet, inadequate exposure to topical fluorides, and irregular use of professional dental care services. A number of behavioral intervention approaches have been used to modify health behaviors. One example is the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, which has been widely used to reduce substance abuse in both adults and children. SBIRT is a promising behavior change approach that could similarly be used to address problematic oral health behaviors...
September 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846828/the-potential-effectiveness-of-the-nutrition-improvement-program-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-the-northwest-and-southwest-regions-of-cameroon-central-africa
#18
Kate Reinsma, Godlove Nkuoh, Emmanuel Nshom
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent international focus on maternal and child nutrition, little attention is paid to nutrition capacity development. Although infant feeding counselling by health workers increases caregivers' knowledge, and improves breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and children's linear growth, most of the counselling in sub-Saharan Africa is primarily conducted by nurses or volunteers, and little is done to develop capacity for nutrition at the professional, organizational, or systemic levels...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846732/complete-mental-health-in-adult-siblings-of-those-with-a-chronic-illness-or-disability
#19
Madeleine Hallion, Amanda Taylor, Rachel Roberts
INTRODUCTION: Sibling relationships have lifelong significance and childhood chronic illness and disability can have considerable impacts on healthy siblings, influencing development into adulthood. Research has not yet assessed well-being in this population using measures of both mental health and mental illness. Thus, this study assessed well-being in a comprehensive manner using the complete mental health (CMH) model. METHOD: Participants (N = 144) included both adult siblings of those with chronic illness or disability and adults with healthy siblings...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846124/effectiveness-and-experiences-of-families-and-support-workers-participating-in-peer-led-parenting-support-programs-delivered-as-home-visiting-programs-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#20
Ailsa Munns, Robin Watts, Desley Hegney, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Designing child and family health services to meet the diverse needs of contemporary families is intended to minimize impacts of early disadvantage and subsequent lifelong health and social issues. Innovative programs to engage families with child and family support services have led to interest in the potential value of peer-led home visiting from parents in local communities. There is a range of benefits and challenges identified in a limited number of studies associated with home visiting peer support...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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