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Children health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324948/validation-of-nursing-diagnoses-interventions-and-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-clinic
#1
Ana Márcia Nóbrega Dantas, Kenya de Lima Silva, Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega
OBJECTIVES: To elaborate operational definitions for the Nomenclature nursing diagnoses, interventionsand outcomes of the Pediatric Clinic at a University Hospital and carry out a validation of the content and clinical aspects of this Nomenclature. METHOD: Methodological research, developed in two stages: documentary study, for the validation of content of the operational definitions of nursing diagnoses; and secondly applied research, via clinical cases, performed with children from 0 to 5 years...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324942/mothers-perspective-on-violence-against-children-constructing-meanings
#2
Ana Cláudia de Souza Monteiro, Ana Tereza Rangel Silva Fernandes, Andréa Baia Machado de Oliveira, Ivonete Vieira Pereira Peixoto, Mônica Custódia do Couto Abreu Pamplona
OBJECTIVE: To explore the construct elaborated by the mother on the meaning of violence against the child and to identify, according to the mother's perspective, which measures are most used for the prevention of this phenomenon. METHOD: This is a qualitative research, with the participation of thirty mothers, in a health service in the city of Ananindeua, in the state of Pará, Brazil. The methodology consisted of the categorical content analysis, which identified three categories: Violence, Threats of violence and Protective measures...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#3
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321012/adaptation-of-child-oral-health-education-leaflets-for-arabic-migrants-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#4
Amit Arora, Ibrahim Al-Salti, Hussam Murad, Quang Tran, Rhonda Itaoui, Sameer Bhole, Shilpi Ajwani, Charlotte Jones, Narendar Manohar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of Arabic-speaking mothers views on the usefulness of existing oral health education leaflets aimed at young children and also to record their views on the tailored versions of these leaflets. METHODS: This qualitative study was nested within a large ongoing birth cohort study in South Western Sydney, Australia. Arabic-speaking mothers (n = 19) with young children were purposively selected and approached for a semi-structured interview...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#5
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#6
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310673/assessing-organizational-implementation-context-in-the-education-sector-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-measures-of-implementation-leadership-climate-and-citizenship
#7
Aaron R Lyon, Clayton R Cook, Eric C Brown, Jill Locke, Chayna Davis, Mark Ehrhart, Gregory A Aarons
BACKGROUND: A substantial literature has established the role of the inner organizational setting on the implementation of evidence-based practices in community contexts, but very little of this research has been extended to the education sector, one of the most common settings for the delivery of mental and behavioral health services to children and adolescents. The current study examined the factor structure, psychometric properties, and interrelations of an adapted set of pragmatic organizational instruments measuring key aspects of the organizational implementation context in schools: (1) strategic implementation leadership, (2) strategic implementation climate, and (3) implementation citizenship behavior...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308087/mobilizing-agencies-for-incidence-surveys-on-child-maltreatment-successful-participation-in-switzerland-and-lessons-learned
#8
Andreas Jud, Céline Kosirnik, Tanja Mitrovic, Hakim Ben Salah, Etienne Fux, Jana Koehler, Rahel Portmann, René Knüsel
Background: Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies. Methods: The Optimus Study invested in a continuous collaborative effort between research and practice to develop a data collection for the first national study on the incidence of agency responses to all forms of child maltreatment in Switzerland...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301659/trends-in-children-s-mental-health-services-research-funding-by-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-from-2005-to-2015-a-42-reduction
#9
EDITORIAL
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Marc Atkins, Kelly Kelleher, Robin Peth-Pierce, Serene Olin, Barbara Burns, John Landsverk, Sarah McCue Horwitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298736/multiple-frequency-bioimpedance-devices-for-fluid-management-in-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#10
Graham Scotland, Moira Cruickshank, Elisabet Jacobsen, David Cooper, Cynthia Fraser, Michal Shimonovich, Angharad Marks, Miriam Brazzelli
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition requiring treatment such as conservative management, kidney transplantation or dialysis. To optimise the volume of fluid removed during dialysis (to avoid underhydration or overhydration), people are assigned a 'target weight', which is commonly assessed using clinical methods, such as weight gain between dialysis sessions, pre- and post-dialysis blood pressure and patient-reported symptoms. However, these methods are not precise, and measurement devices based on bioimpedance technology are increasingly used in dialysis centres...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294723/child-welfare-responses-linked-to-subtypes-of-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-the-canadian-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect
#11
Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet MacMillan, Masako Tanaka, Susan M Jack, Lil Tonmyr
Children exposed to intimate partner violence (CE-IPV) are at increased risk for later health and social difficulties. To date, studies have primarily focused on CE-IPV as a unitary construct; this may lead to the mistaken assumption that all subtypes of CE-IPV (i.e., exposure to direct or indirect physical abuse, or exposure to emotional abuse) are equally harmful requiring similar responses from child welfare services. The purpose of this study was to examine child welfare responses by CE-IPV subtype in a large Canadian child welfare sample...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#12
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290407/expanding-access-to-clinical-services-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Therese L Mathews, Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, Laura L Needelman, Paige E McArdle, Natalie Romer, Megan Terry, Kathryn Menousek, Joseph H Evans, William J Higgins
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically diagnosed in the toddler and preschool years. Intensive early intervention (EI) using applied behavior analytic procedures is the evidenced-based intervention most effective in improving developmental outcomes. Unfortunately, there are numerous barriers to accessing EI services for toddlers with ASD. This article addresses (a) the process of developing an EI program using primarily applied behavior analytic services with multidisciplinary health care providers, (b) a description of the service delivery provided, (c) educational and training programs to increase qualified staff, and (d) advocacy efforts to improve community capacity...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284697/jordan-s-2002-to-2012-fertility-stall-and-parallel-usaid-investments-in-family-planning-lessons-from-an-assessment-to-guide-future-programming
#14
Esther Spindler, Nisreen Bitar, Julie Solo, Elizabeth Menstell, Dominick Shattuck
Health practitioners, researchers, and donors are stumped about Jordan's stalled fertility rate, which has stagnated between 3.7 and 3.5 children per woman from 2002 to 2012, above the national replacement level of 2.1. This stall paralleled United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funding investments in family planning in Jordan, triggering an assessment of USAID family planning programming in Jordan. This article describes the methods, results, and implications of the programmatic assessment...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283611/exploring-attrition-fidelity-and-effectiveness-of-wraparound-services-among-low-income-youth-of-different-racial-backgrounds
#15
Justina Yohannan, John S Carlson, Millie Shepherd, Kim Batsche-McKenzie
INTRODUCTION: Wraparound services (i.e., community-based collaborative care) for children with severe mental health needs have been reported as effective. Yet, no attention has been given to aggregating treatment results across racially and economically diverse groups of youth. While controlling for socioeconomic status (i.e., free/reduced lunch status) this study explored potential racial disparities in response to wraparound services. METHOD: Data from a diverse statewide sample (N = 1,006) of low-income youth (ages 6-18 years) identified as having a serious emotional disturbance were analyzed for differences in wraparound attrition, fidelity, and effectiveness...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280986/disparities-in-non-fatal-health-outcomes-in-pediatric-general-trauma-studies
#16
REVIEW
Shanthi Ameratunga, Jacqueline Ramke, Nicki Jackson, Sandar Tin Tin, Belinda Gabbe
When prevention efforts fail, injured children require high-quality health services to support their recovery. Disparities in non-fatal injury outcomes, an indicator of health-care quality, have received minimal attention. We evaluated the extent to which general trauma follow-up studies published in the peer-reviewed scientific literature provide evidence of socially patterned inequities in health, functional or disability outcomes ≥4 weeks after childhood injuries. Using a systematic search, we identified 27 eligible cohort studies from 13 high-income countries...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278455/genetic-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-in-an-underserved-community
#17
Andrew K Sobering, Joshua B Stevens, Janice L Smith, Beverly Nelson, Tyhiesia Donald, Sarah H Elsea
It is a matter of course that in high-income countries, infants born with features suggestive of Down syndrome (DS) are offered genetic testing for confirmation of a clinical diagnosis. Benefits of a definitive diagnosis include an end to the diagnostic odyssey, informed prognosis, opportunities for caregiver support, inclusion to social support networks, and more meaningful genetic counseling. The healthcare experience for families of children born with DS in low- and middle-income nations is in stark contrast with such a level of care...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248084/adolescents-right-to-participate-opportunities-and-challenges-for-health-care-professionals
#18
Jonathan Todres, Angela Diaz
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals and patients are partners in health care delivery, and this partnership is critical in the treatment of adolescents. International children's rights law establishes that all children have a right to participate in decisions that affect their lives. Fulfillment of that right is as critical in health care settings as any other area of children's lives. OBJECTIVES: In this article we examine the right to participate under international children's rights law, its relevance to health care settings, and how health care professionals can foster adolescents' participation to fulfill children's rights and improve health care outcomes...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248034/health-outcomes-for-children-in-haiti-since-the-2010-earthquake-a-systematic-review
#19
Annie Dube, Madeline Moffatt, Colleen Davison, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Haiti remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world. Children in Haiti face many health concerns, some of which were exacerbated by the 2010 earthquake. This systematic review summarizes published research conducted since the 2010 earthquake, focusing on health outcomes for children in Haiti, including physical, psychological, and socioeconomic well-being. METHODS: A literature search was conducted identifying articles published from January 2010 through May 2016 related to pediatric health outcomes in Haiti...
December 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241143/perceptions-about-supervised-injection-facilities-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-philadelphia
#20
Robert E Harris, Jessica Richardson, Rosemary Frasso, Evan D Anderson
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for infectious diseases, skin and soft tissue infections, and overdose. However, these harms are all avoidable when sterile injection equipment, hygienic places to inject, and medical care are accessible. Unfortunately, many PWID in the U.S lack these resources. The most vulnerable are forced to inject in public spaces, where individual risks are high and communal harms are sometimes many. Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs) are an established intervention for reducing these harms...
December 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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