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Occupational therapist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227642/building-blocks-system-for-a-prosthesis-training-of-a-child-with-congenital-amputee
#1
Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi, Kenji Suzuki, Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi, Kenji Suzuki, Kenji Suzuki, Tomoya Shimokakimoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Nanao Akimichi
Our objective is to provide a novel habilitation experience using play to children with special needs, in particular to those with congenital defects of the upper limbs. Our concept is a device-assisted motivational training session using tangible building block devices. In order to verify the feasibility of our concept with used bioToys in a clinical training session with occupational therapists. Our participant was a one-year-old girl with congenital amputation of the right upper limb. We verified that bioToys could be used in clinical training for a prosthesis, and could assist with both playful training and quantitative therapeutic evaluation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225535/treatment-diary-for-botulinum-toxin-spasticity-treatment-a-pilot-study
#2
Bo Biering-Sørensen, Helle K Iversen, Inge M S Frederiksen, Jeanet R Vilhelmsen, Fin Biering-Sørensen
The aim of this study is to develop a treatment diary for patients receiving spasticity treatment including botulinum toxin injection and physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy. The diary focuses on problems triggered by skeletal muscle overactivity; agreed goals for treatment and the patient's self-evaluation of achievement on the Goal Attainment Scale; which skeletal muscles were injected; physiotherapists' and occupational therapists' evaluation of the patients' achievement of objectives on the Goal Attainment Scale; and proposals for optimization of treatment and changing goals...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222569/comparison-of-online-awareness-and-error-behaviour-during-occupational-performance-by-two-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-matched-controls
#3
Emmah Doig, Jenny Fleming, Bonnie Lin
BACKGROUND: Online awareness and error behaviour has largely been studied using computer-based tests or prescribed functional tasks in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare online awareness and error behaviour of two participants with TBI with two matched controls during tasks of meaning and importance to the participants with TBI, using an occupation-based online awareness assessment. METHODS: Participants were two males with TBI (aged 22 and 23) and two controls (aged 23 and 27)...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218598/interactive-tools-for-measuring-visual-scanning-performance-and-reaction-time
#4
Johnell Brooks, Julia Seeanner, Sarah Hennessy, Joseph Manganelli, Matthew Crisler, Patrick Rosopa, Casey Jenkins, Michael Anderson, Nathalie Drouin, Leah Belle, Constance Truesdail, Stephanie Tanner
Occupational therapists are constantly searching for engaging, high-technology interactive tasks that provide immediate feedback to evaluate and train clients with visual scanning deficits. This study examined the relationship between two tools: the VISION COACH™ interactive light board and the Functional Object Detection(©) (FOD) Advanced driving simulator scenario. Fifty-four healthy drivers, ages 21-66 yr, were divided into three age groups. Participants performed braking response and visual target (E) detection tasks of the FOD Advanced driving scenario, followed by two sets of three trials using the VISION COACH Full Field 60 task...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218595/effect-of-home-modification-interventions-on-the-participation-of-community-dwelling-adults-with-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#5
Susan Stark, Marian Keglovits, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the role of home modification interventions to improve participation outcomes for community-living adults and older adults. METHOD: Thirty-six articles met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies investigated older adult populations and used occupational therapists as interventionists. RESULTS: Strong evidence was found for home modification interventions to improve function for people with a variety of health conditions and for both single and multicomponent interventions that included home modifications to reduce the rate and risk of falls among older adults...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218590/professional-reward-in-the-academic-fieldwork-coordinator-role
#6
Patricia Stutz-Tanenbaum, David Greene, Debra J Hanson, Jeanette Koski
The purpose of this national survey was to explore perceptions of professional reward among occupational therapist (OT) and occupational therapy assistant (OTA) academic fieldwork coordinators (AFWCs). Agreement was found in ranking the value of six role factors: (1) fieldwork data management, (2) fieldwork site management, (3) fieldwork teaching and consultation, (4) departmental and institutional compliance, (5) scholarship and accreditation, and (6) laying groundwork for students in fieldwork. Both levels of AFWC indicated teaching and consultation had the highest value and data management the least...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218336/vision-related-fitness-to-drive-mobility-scooters-a-practical-driving-test
#7
Christina Cordes, Joost Heutink, Oliver M Tucha, Karel A Brookhuis, Wiebo H Brouwer, Bart J M Melis-Dankers
OBJECTIVE: To investigate practical fitness to drive mobility scooters, comparing visually impaired participants with healthy controls. DESIGN: Between-subjects design. SUBJECTS: Forty-six visually impaired (13 with very low visual acuity, 10 with low visual acuity, 11 with peripheral field defects, 12 with multiple visual impairment) and 35 normal-sighted controls. METHODS: Participants completed a practical mobility scooter test-drive, which was recorded on video...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217267/results-of-the-belgian-sentinel-network-of-general-practitioners-on-the-involvement-of-therapists-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
Silke Francois, Viviane Van Casteren, Katrien Vanthomme, Liesbeth Borgermans, Dirk Devroey
This study examines which therapists are involved in the rehabilitation of stroke survivors in Belgium at different points in time. A nationwide registration of stroke patients was provided by 199 and 189 family physicians working in sentinel practices for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively. 326 patients who were diagnosed with stroke were included. Patients with paralysis/paresis received significant more physiotherapy after one month (63%) compared to non-paralysed patients (38%) (P = 0.005). Residing in a nursing home was associated with higher proportions of patients receiving physiotherapy, both after one (P = 0...
November 2, 2016: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206871/swallowing-therapy-and-progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-treatment-randomized-control-trial-protocol-and-preliminary-data
#9
Sara F Hajdú, Irene Wessel, Christoffer Johansen, Claus A Kristensen, Zahra T Kadkhoda, Christina C Plaschke, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients are often challenged by treatment induced dysphagia and trismus. Traditionally, rehabilitation is initiated when loss of function has already occurred. There is increasing evidence that it is of benefit to patients to initiate an early rehabilitation process before and during treatment. HNC patients have a unique set of functional challenges such as pre- and post-treatment dysphagia, pain and weight loss. The aim of the trial is to investigate the effects of swallowing and mouth-opening exercises combined with progressive resistance training (PRT) during radiotherapy...
February 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183197/the-relationship-between-sensory-processing-patterns-and-occupational-engagement-among-older-persons
#10
Batya Engel-Yeger, Sara Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: Meaningful occupational engagement is essential for successful aging. Sensory-processing abilities that are known to deteriorate with age may reduce occupational engagement. However, the relationship between sensory-processing abilities and occupational engagement among older persons in daily life is unknown. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between sensory-processing patterns and occupational engagement among older persons. METHOD: Participants were 180 people, ages 50 to 73 years, in good health, who lived in their homes...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#11
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
: 159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145204/telling-patients-the-cost-of-their-care-is-immoral
#12
Jane Bates
My friend, who is an occupational therapist, is dismayed about the lack of joined-up thinking where NHS provision and social care are concerned.
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140747/strategies-to-manage-activities-in-everyday-life-after-a-pain-rehabilitation-program
#13
Cecilia Kallhed, Lena Mårtensson
BACKGROUND: Owing to the complexity of the pain experience, it is important to understand how persons with chronic pain manage their condition, in order to provide an indication of how occupational therapists can enable participation in meaningful everyday activities during pain rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore how persons with chronic pain reason about their use and choice of strategies to manage activities of everyday life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to capture experiences of strategies employed to manage activities while living with chronic pain...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140727/relational-interaction-in-occupational-therapy-conversation-analysis-of-positive-feedback
#14
Elina Weiste
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic relationship is an important factor for good therapy outcomes. The primary mediator of a beneficial therapy relationship is clinician-client interaction. However, few studies identify the observable interactional attributes of good quality relational interactions, e.g. offering the client positive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The present paper aims to expand current understanding of relational interaction by analyzing the real-time interactional practices therapists use for offering positive feedback, an important value in occupational therapy...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138979/an-evaluation-of-the-use-and-efficacy-of-a-sensory-room-within-an-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatient-unit
#15
Monique West, Glenn Melvin, Francis McNamara, Michael Gordon
BACKGROUND/AIM: The introduction of sensory rooms within acute psychiatric settings provides a therapeutic space that promotes emotional self-regulation and reduces distress and disruptive behaviours. The current research investigated the clinical benefit of a sensory room within an adolescent psychiatric unit. It examined whether guided sensory room use can reduce distress for adolescents and identified characteristics of sensory room users. Seclusion rates 12 months pre- and post-sensory room introduction were compared...
January 31, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128778/the-contributions-of-occupational-science-to%C3%A2-the-readiness-of-long-duration-deep-space-exploration
#16
Janis Davis, Macy Burr, Maria Absi, Rochelle Telles, Howard Koh
BACKGROUND: This study introduces the contributions of occupational science (OS) to the preparation and support of astronauts during long duration space exploration. Given the hostile environment of space, it is not surprising that there is grave deterioration of both physical and mental health when off Earth. However, OS, through occupational therapy (OT), can identify strategies that maintain health and minimize disruptions in task performance for mission success. OBJECTIVE: To determine the gaps in NASA's preparation of astronauts for long duration space exploration and the viable contributions of OT...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119825/effect-of-upper-extremity-robot-assisted-exercise-on-spasticity-in-stroke-patients
#17
Kyeong Woo Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Jong Hwa Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Seung Wan Yoo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a stretching and strengthening exercise program using an upper extremity robot, as compared with a conventional occupational therapy program for upper extremity spasticity in stroke patients. METHODS: Subjects were randomly divided into a robot-assisted therapy (RT) group and a conventional rehabilitation therapy (CT) group. RT group patients received RT and CT once daily for 30 minutes each, 5 days a week, for 2 weeks. RT was performed using an upper-extremity robot (Neuro-X; Apsun Inc...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118772/the-unique-experience-of-home-for-parents-and-carers-of-children-with-disabilities
#18
Tammy Aplin, Heloise Thornton, Louise Gustafsson
The aim of this paper was to investigate the experience of home for parents and carers of children with disabilities in Australia. Data for this qualitative study were gathered using semi-structured interviews with four families living in their own homes. An inductive thematic analysis revealed two main themes. The first was titled 'Aspects making everyday life easier' explored the aspects of the home environment that facilitated home life for the child, including access to transport, services, family and home modifications...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118764/facilitators-for-traveling-with-local-public-transport-among-people-with-mild-cognitive-limitations-after-stroke
#19
Agneta Ståhl, Eva Månsson Lexell
INTRODUCTION: Previous research of how people with stroke manage public transport has mainly focused on barriers due to physical limitations whereas the influence of cognitive limitations is scarce. There is also a lack of knowledge of facilitators that can help to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to describe facilitators for travelling with public transport, e.g. local buses, among people with mild cognitive limitations after stroke. METHODS: A multiple case study research design was used, where quantitative and qualitative data were utilized, and analysed according to a mixed methods design...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110553/interrater-and-intrarater-reliability-of-the-wheelchair-skills-test-version-4-2-for-power-wheelchair-users
#20
Emma M Smith, Kimberly Low, William C Miller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the interrater and intrarater reliability of the Wheelchair Skills Test (WST) Version 4.2 for powered wheelchairs operated by adult users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cohort study with a convenience sample of occupational therapists (n = 10). For the main outcome measure, participants viewed and scored eight videos of adult power wheelchair users completing the 30 skills of the WST Version 4.2 on two occasions, a minimum of two weeks apart...
January 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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