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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145740/fair-or-square-experiences-of-introducing-a-new-method-for-assessing-general-work-ability-in-a-sickness-insurance-context
#1
Christian Ståhl, Ida Seing, Björn Gerdle, Jan Sandqvist
PURPOSE: To study social validity and perceived fairness of a new method for assessing general work ability in a sickness insurance context. Assessments are based on self-reports, combined with examinations by physicians, and, if needed, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and/or psychologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews with 36 insurance officials, 10 physicians, and 36 sick-listed persons, which were analysed through a qualitative content analysis...
November 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141681/patient-influence-in-home-based-reablement-for-older-persons-qualitative-research
#2
Aud Moe, Kari Ingstad, Hildfrid V Brataas
BACKGROUND: Reablement services are rehabilitation for older people living at home, being person-centered in information, mapping and the goal-setting conversation. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about conversation processes and patient influence in formulating the patients' goals. There are two research questions: How do conversation theme, structure and processes appear in interactions aiming to decide goals of home-based reablement rehabilitation for the elderly? How professionals' communication skills do influence on patients' participation in conversation about everyday life and goals of home-based reablement? METHODS: A qualitative field study explored eight cases of naturally occurring conversations between patients and healthcare professionals in a rehabilitation team...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135434/work-disability-prevention-a-primer-for-occupational-therapists
#3
Alicia McDougall, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
An estimated 313 million workplace accidents resulting in injury occur worldwide every year. Therefore, the burden of workplace injury and disability is present at the individual and the societal level and involves several stakeholders. There has been a shift in paradigm from workplace disability and injury treatment to workplace disability prevention. Occupational therapy practitioners are well positioned to address this multifaceted societal issue. Opening communication lines among stakeholders allows for a more holistic, collaborative, and comprehensive approach to disability, injury, and pain management...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135432/canadian-occupational-performance-measure-copm-in-primary-care-a-profile-of-practice
#4
Catherine Donnelly, Colleen O'Neill, Martha Bauer, Lori Letts
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) can be used as an outcome measure in primary care and to identify the occupational performance profiles in this setting. METHOD: First, the COPM was administered to all eligible clients at two sites. Second, a focus group with participating occupational therapists explored the feasibility of using the COPM in primary care. RESULTS: A total of 161 COPMs were initially administered...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135428/handwriting-and-common-core-state-standards-teacher-occupational-therapist-and-administrator-perceptions-from-new-york-state-public-schools
#5
Debra Collette, Kylie Anson, Nora Halabi, April Schlierman, Allison Suriner
Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children's written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children's written expression...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132661/-the-occupational-therapist-and-the-assessment-of-the-elderly-person-s-home
#6
Claire Schonheit, Quentin Rousselle, Isabelle Cara, Valentine Curtis, Anthony Mézière
The falls of elderly people in their home are frequently related to the environment. Plans and photographs of the home provided by the patient's relatives are useful and constitute relevant assessment tools. The home visit is even more effective as it helps to identify areas which pose a high risk of falling which cannot be picked up by the other tools.
November 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126375/a-clinical-survey-about-commercial-games-in-lower-limb-prosthetic-rehabilitation
#7
Bita Imam, William C Miller, Heather C Finlayson, Janice J Eng, Tal Jarus
BACKGROUND: Despite the popularity of commercial games in lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation, data about their prevalence of use as well as therapists' perspectives about these games are still lacking. OBJECTIVES: To learn about the prevalence of use of commercial games in lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation and therapists' perspectives about these games. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: An online survey was sent to physical and occupational therapists across prosthetic rehabilitation facilities in Canada...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124914/experiences-of-using-simulation-in-dementia-education
#8
Vicki Leah, Julie Combes, Madeline McMillan, Lydia Russell, Kirsty McCune
This article describes the development of a simulation training day for multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) working on acute adult wards with the aim of improving their confidence in supporting people with dementia who are distressed. Recommendations are made for those who may be interested in delivering simulation training in their area of practice. Registered nurses, non-registered support workers and occupational therapists experienced in dementia care took part in a one-day simulation training pilot session that included three 'skill stations' with three patient simulation scenarios...
September 29, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123562/the-role-of-occupational-and-physiotherapy-in-multi-modal-approach-to-tackling-delirium-in-the-intensive-care
#9
REVIEW
Jenny Rains, Nigel Chee
The presence of delirium within critical care remains a long-standing challenge for patients and clinicians alike. A myriad of pre-disposing and precipitating factors lead to this patient cohort being high risk for developing delirium during their critical care stay. Until now, non-pharmacological management of these patients usually encompasses a 'bundle' of principles to reduce delirium days. These bundles have limited focus on the entire multi-disciplinary team (including occupational therapists and physiotherapists) who could assist with the reduction of delirium...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116868/a-multiple-group-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaboration-adaptation-and-validation-into-italian-and-german-languages
#10
Fabio Vittadello, Maria Mischo-Kelling, Heike Wieser, Luisa Cavada, Lukas Lochner, Carla Naletto, Verena Fink, Scott Reeves
This article presents a study that aimed to validate a translation of a multiple-group measurement scale for interprofessional collaboration (IPC). We used survey data gathered over a three month period as part of a mixed methods study that explored the nature of IPC in Northern Italy. Following a translation from English into Italian and German the survey was distributed online to over 5,000 health professionals (dieticians, nurses, occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists, speech therapists and psychologists) based in one regional health trust...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112120/bus-trips-a-self-management-program-for-people-with-cognitive-impairments-after-stroke
#11
Emma Carlstedt, Susanne Iwarsson, Agneta Ståhl, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Eva Månsson Lexell
Stroke is a major cause of disability worldwide and different types of impairments can affect the individual's ability to manage everyday activities such as travel that is essential for participation in society. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a new self-management intervention (BUS TRIPS) focusing on travelling by bus, and potential contributions to an improved ability to travel by bus for people with cognitive impairments after stroke. This is a pilot study of five individuals, utilizing a multiple case study design with a mixed methods approach...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097982/evaluating-hand-function-in-clients-with-trigger-finger
#12
Danit Langer, Adina Maeir, Michael Michailevich, Shai Luria
Background: Trigger finger (TF) is a common hand pathology frequently encountered in hand clinics. Occupational therapists predominantly assess TF symptoms as opposed to using standardized hand functioning assessments. The purpose of this study was to assess the construct validity of dexterity and grip strength assessments for clients with TF. Method: Sixty-three participants with TF and 66 healthy controls were administered the Functional Dexterity Test (FDT), Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), and Jamar® Hydraulic Hand Dynamometer (JD) and completed the Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH)...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097980/the-immediate-effects-of-deep-pressure-on-young-people-with-autism-and-severe-intellectual-difficulties-demonstrating-individual-differences
#13
Lana Bestbier, Tim I Williams
Background: Deep pressure is widely used by occupational therapists for people with autism spectrum disorders. There is limited research evaluating deep pressure. Objective: To evaluate the immediate effects of deep pressure on young people with autism and severe intellectual disabilities. Methods: Mood and behaviour were rated for 13 pupils with ASD and severe ID before and after deep pressure sessions. Results: Sufficient data was available from 8 participants to be analysed using Tau-U, a nonparametric technique that allows for serial dependence in data...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097979/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-ways-to-observe-results-of-engaging-activities-in-clients-with-dementia
#14
Masahiro Ogawa, Seiji Nishida, Haruna Shirai
Background: Many occupational therapists face the challenge of helping clients with dementia to select and perform meaningful occupations, which may be difficult due to cognitive impairment. Understanding tacit knowledge of well-experienced occupational therapists could positively affect occupational therapy practice for clients with dementia. Objectives of Study: To explore the observations of experienced occupational therapists when evaluating the effects of activities in clients with dementia...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097976/establishing-concurrent-validity-of-the-role-checklist-version-2-with-the-ocairs-in-measurement-of-participation-a-pilot-study
#15
Patricia J Scott, Danielle Cacich, Morgan Fulk, Karen Michel, Katie Whiffen
Persons experiencing problems with adaptation following disease, disability, or overwhelming life circumstances are often referred by their physicians to occupational therapists. Given time constraints, therapists may skip administration of a client-centered participation focused assessment and instead use an impairment or limitation focused assessment. This approach assumes that skill remediation will naturally lead to return of participation in valued occupational roles because most participation measures take 30 minutes or longer...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097975/the-role-of-the-occupational-therapist-in-disaster-areas-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
M Parente, M Tofani, R De Santis, G Esposito, V Santilli, G Galeoto
Background: Disasters are increasingly more frequent events on our planet. During disaster the role of the occupational therapist will require a more specific operative framework within nongovernmental organizations and community health services. Design: Systematic review. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence that highlight occupational therapist's role in disaster area through a systematic review. Materials and Methods: Research on MEDLINE was performed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097973/currency-and-competence-of-occupational-therapists-and-consumers-with-rapidly-changing-technology
#17
REVIEW
Emily J Steel, Ricky Buchanan, Natasha Layton, Erin Wilson
Assistive technology was once a specialised field of practice, involving products designed for populations with specific impairments or functional goals. In Australia, occupational therapists have, at times, functioned as gatekeepers to public funding, prescribing products from a predefined list. An expanding range of accessible mainstream products available via international and online markets has changed the meaning and application of assistive technology for many people with disability. In the policy context of consumer choice and cost-effectiveness, have occupational therapists been left behind? This paper describes the change in context for access to assistive technology resulting in expanded possibilities for participation and inclusion...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097970/the-construct-of-the-schizophrenia-quality-of-life-scale-revision-4-for-the-population-of-taiwan
#18
Chia-Ting Su, Ai-Lun Yang, Chung-Ying Lin
This study examines the factor structure of the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale Revision 4 (SQLS-R4) for inpatients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric hospital in southern Taiwan. All the participants (n = 100) filled out the SQLS-R4, Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) under the supervision of one experienced occupational therapist. Using confirmatory factor analysis, we first determined that a 29-item model was more satisfactory than the original 33-item model based on the findings of better fit indices for the 29-item model...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097969/developing-and-sustaining-recovery-orientation-in-mental-health-practice-experiences-of-occupational-therapists
#19
Alexandra Nugent, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
Background/Aim: Internationally, mental health policy requires clinicians to shift from a medical to a recovery-oriented approach. However, there is a significant lag in the translation of policy into practice. Occupational therapists have been identified as ideally situated to be recovery-oriented yet limited research exploring how they do this exists. This study aimed to explore Australian occupational therapists' experiences of developing and sustaining recovery-orientation in mental health practice...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097961/exploring-cultural-competence-amongst-ot-students
#20
Pragashnie Govender, December M Mpanza, Tarryn Carey, Kwenzile Jiyane, Bicolé Andrews, Sam Mashele
Occupational therapy relies primarily on communication between the therapist and client for effective intervention. Adequate communication may be influenced by language and cultural differences between the therapist and client. Cultural competence in relation to language and culture is thus a vital part in practice. Limited research exists on cultural competence in occupational therapy students. This study thus aimed to explore the cultural competence of final year students and their perceptions of their own cultural competence, with respect to language and culture in their practice as students...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
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