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Occupational therapist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781555/dependence-on-others-for-oral-hygiene-and-its-association-with-hand-deformities-and-functional-impairment-in-elders-with-a-history-of-leprosy
#1
Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Talita Xavier Gonçalves, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Luísa Rodrigues de Abreu Carvalho, Fernanda Lamounier Campos, Marco Túlio de Freitas Ribeiro, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of dependence on others for oral hygiene and its association with hand deformities, frailty and dependence on others for basic activities of daily living (BADL) among elders with a history of leprosy. BACKGROUND: Dependence on others for oral hygiene has not been considered in multifunctional geriatric assessments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous elders with a history of leprosy who used complete dentures and resided in a former leprosy colony were classified as independent or partially/completely dependent on others for brushing their dentures or rinsing and for BADL, and as frail or robust...
May 21, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781350/on-line-ethics-education-for-occupational-therapy-clinician-educators-a-single-group-pre-post-test-study
#2
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
PURPOSE: Ethics education is a critical component of training rehabilitation practitioners. There is a need for capacity-building among ethics educators regarding facilitating ethical decision-making among students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an on-line ethics education module for occupational therapy clinician-educators (problem-based learning tutors/clinical placement preceptors/evidence-based practice facilitators). METHOD: The Knowledge-to-Action Process informed development and evaluation of the module...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780797/pilot-efficacy-of-a-drivefocus%C3%A2-intervention-on-the-driving-performance-of-young-drivers
#3
Liliana Alvarez, Sherrilene Classen, Shabnam Medhizadah, Melissa Knott, Wenqing He
Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death for youth between the ages of 15 and 29 around the world. A need remains for evidence-based interventions that can improve the underlying skills of young drivers, including hazard perception and anticipation. This pilot study investigated the preliminary impact of a six session DriveFocus™ intervention on the ability of young novice drivers (mean age = 18.6, SD = 2.12) to detect (visual scanning), and respond (adjustment to stimuli) to critical roadway information...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780029/evaluation-of-an-intervention-programme-addressing-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-among-persons-with-chronic-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-able
#4
Susanne Guidetti, Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Cecilie von Bülow, Marc Sampedro Pilegaard, Louise Klokker, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
INTRODUCTION: The number of persons living with a chronic condition is increasing worldwide. Conditions are considered chronic when lasting 1 year or more and requiring ongoing medical attention and/or limiting activities of daily living (ADL). Besides medical treatment, physical exercise to improve body functions is recommended and prescribed. However, improvements in body functions do not necessarily improve ability to perform ADL. Thus, it is necessary to develop interventions aiming directly at enhancing ADL ability...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777530/-power-in-mobility-parent-and-therapist-perspectives-of-the-experiences-of-children-learning-to-use-powered-mobility
#5
Lisa K Kenyon, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insights, from the perspectives of both parents and pediatric therapists, into the experiences of children learning to use a power mobility device. METHOD: The purposive sample included 33 participants: 14 parents of children who were learning, or had learned, to use a power mobility device and 19 pediatric occupational therapists or physical therapists. Data were gathered face-to-face via seven focus groups consisting of either parents or therapists, and eight one-on-one interviews...
May 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774801/therapists-perspectives-on-adapting-the-stepping-on-falls-prevention-programme-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore
#6
Tianma Xu, Kate O'loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Gerald Koh, Catherine Dean
PURPOSE: This study investigates the perspectives of rehabilitation therapists on the implementation of fall prevention programmes with community-dwelling stroke survivors in the Singapore context, and elicits recommendations to adapt the Stepping On programme with stroke survivors. METHOD: Qualitative data were elicited during 4 focus groups with 23 rehabilitation therapists (15 occupational therapists [OTs]; 8 physiotherapists [PTs]) who had received training to deliver the original Stepping On programme, and had experienced delivery of fall-prevention intervention programmes locally...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771369/building-the-burn-physician-workforce-for-the-21st-century-report-from-february-2014-burns-workforce-conference
#7
Amalia Cochran, David G Greenhalgh
American Burn Association Past President Palmer Q. Bessey, MD, orchestrated a Burn Workforce Conference in Washington, DC in February, 2014, with the goal of evaluating the workforce needs for doctors, nurses and occupational/physical therapists. This report summarizes the issues related to the need for training future surgeons to manage burn patients. General surgery and plastic surgery residents currently have minimal requirements for burn experience during their training. The respective Boards, however, do require knowledge in the management of burn care...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764105/what-factors-do-allied-health-take-into-account-when-making-resource-allocation-decisions
#8
Haylee Lane, Tamica Sturgess, Kathleen Philip, Donna Markham, Jennifer Martin, Jill Walsh, Wendy Hubbard, Terry Haines
BACKGROUND: Allied health comprises multiple professional groups including dietetics, medical radiation practitioners, occupational therapists, optometrists and psychologists. Different to medical and nursing, Allied health are often organized in discipline specific departments and allocate budgets within these to provide services to a range of clinical areas. Little is known of how managers of allied health go about allocating these resources, the factors they consider when making these decisions, and the sources of information they rely upon...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756556/mapping-the-scope-of-occupational-therapy-practice-in-palliative-care-a-european-association-for-palliative-care-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Gail Eva, Deidre Morgan
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists play an integral role in the care of people with life-limiting illnesses. However, little is known about the scope of occupational therapy service provision in palliative care across Europe and factors influencing service delivery. AIM: This study aimed to map the scope of occupational therapy palliative care interventions across Europe and to explore occupational therapists' perceptions of opportunities and challenges when delivering and developing palliative care services...
May 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756158/preferences-of-older-patient-regarding-hip-fracture-rehabilitation-service-configuration-a-feasibility-discrete-choice-experiment
#10
Joanna M Charles, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Nefyn H Williams, Seow Tien Yeo, Rhiannon T Edwards
OBJECTIVE: As part of a wider feasibility study, the feasibility of gaining older patients' views for hip fracture rehabilitation services was tested using a discrete choice experiment in a UK context. DESIGN: Discrete choice experiment is a method used for eliciting individuals' preferences about goods and services. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: The discrete choice experiment was administered to 41 participants who had experienced hip fracture (mean age 79...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753436/-occupational-therapy-and-eating-disorders-a-care-case-study
#11
REVIEW
Charline Vermeersch
Occupational therapy offers support through actuation via a suggested activity. It opens up a differentiated space, a space of experiences where patients can contemplate themselves through play. The therapeutic relationship, assured by the occupational therapist, offers flexibility and malleability to welcome, contain and support the person with an eating disorder. It aims to be compassionate without judgement to favour the experience of movement. 'Making do with oneself' to 'be with oneself' while respecting the temporality of the patient's possibilities...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752028/the-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-co-op-approach-best-responders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-brain-injury
#12
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha A Lannin, Claire Galea, Elspeth Froude
BACKGROUND: Identifying the characteristics of individuals who are most likely to respond to a certain rehabilitation intervention is advantageous for the child, family, clinicians and the healthcare system. AIM: To investigate the individual characteristics of children with cerebral palsy or brain injury who responded best to the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) Approach. METHODS: Post hoc analyses were conducted on 30 participants who participated in CO-OP within a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745289/the-experience-of-return-to-work-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-a-qualitative-study
#13
Lauren Libeson, Marina Downing, Pamela Ross, Jennie Ponsford
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability in young people, with return to work (RTW) a major goal of recovery. This qualitative study aimed to understand the RTW experience of individuals with TBI who received comprehensive vocational rehabilitation, and to identify facilitating and limiting factors in the RTW process. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 individuals (mean age = 47.33 years) approximately 4.5 years post-injury, of whom 14 had moderate to severe TBI. Twelve individuals had successfully returned to work...
May 10, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739358/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-to-improve-the-wellbeing-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-study-protocol-for-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-in-the-australian-context
#14
Lindy Clemson, Kate Laver, Yun-Hee Jeon, Tracy A Comans, Justin Scanlan, Miia Rahja, Jennifer Culph, Lee-Fay Low, Sally Day, Monica Cations, Maria Crotty, Susan Kurrle, Catherine Piersol, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: There are effective non-pharmacological treatment programs that reduce functional disability and changed behaviours in people with dementia. However, these programs (such as the Care of People with dementia in their Environments (COPE) program) are not widely available. The primary aim of this study is to determine the strategies and processes that enable the COPE program to be implemented into existing dementia care services in Australia. METHODS: This study uses a mixed methods approach to test an implementation strategy...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733045/experiences-and-perceptions-of-facilitators-of-the-works
#15
Jade Curtin, Danielle Hitch
BACKGROUND: Some people who have a mental illness may require vocational rehabilitation and support to assist their participation in activity and employment. The WORKS is a vocational rehabilitation group intervention program, co-facilitated by Peer-Support Workers and Occupational Therapists. These facilitators provide support and guidance to people with a mental illness through practical activities and goal development. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lived experiences and perceptions of facilitators of The WORKS...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729677/evaluation-of-%C3%A2-vivir-mi-vida-to-improve-health-and-wellness-of-rural-dwelling-late-middle-aged-latino-adults-results-of-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study-of-a-lifestyle-intervention
#16
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Jeanine Blanchard, Cheryl L P Vigen, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Alyssa Concha, Michelle Fluke, Mike Carlson
AimThe aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a culturally tailored lifestyle intervention, ¡Vivir Mi Vida! (Live My Life!). This intervention was designed to improve the health and well-being of high risk late middle-aged Latino adults and to be implemented in a rural primary care system. BACKGROUND: Rural-dwelling Latino adults experience higher rates of chronic disease compared with their urban counterparts, a disparity exacerbated by limited access to healthcare services...
May 6, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722750/a-survey-of-canadian-occupational-therapy-practices-to-prevent-pressure-injuries-among-wheelchair-users-via-weight-shifting
#17
W Ben Mortenson, Sarah C Thompson, Alison L Wright, Jeanette Boily, Kevin Waldorf, Sandy Leznoff
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe occupational therapy weight-shifting practices and explore recommended strategies for patients, healthcare staff, and family/caregivers across healthcare settings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Respondents included 97 currently practicing occupational therapists working in 5 main practice settings (ie, acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, outpatient rehabilitation, home and community care, and residential) from 9 out of 10 Canadian provinces...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721331/the-development-of-an-occupational-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-a-diagnosed-psychotic-disorder-following-discharge-from-hospital
#18
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720290/effectiveness-of-a-home-based-missing-incident-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-elderly-patients-with-dementia
#19
Wing Man Lau, Tak Yeung Chan, Sze Lok Szeto
ABSTRACTBackground:Getting lost is a recognized complication in patients with dementia. Preventive measures are lacking. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of a home-based missing incident prevention program (HMIPP) in reducing missing incidents, time of searching, and caregivers' stress. METHODS: The design was a pre- and post-intervention study. Patients were recruited from a hospital-based Geriatric Memory Clinic. Inclusion criteria were as follows: aged 60 years or above, established dementia, and Modified Functional Ambulation Categories score VI or VII...
May 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720196/the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-physical-fitness-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#20
D Perez-Cruzado, A I Cuesta-Vargas, E Vera-Garcia, F Mayoral-Cleries
BACKGROUND: Quality of life of people with severe mental illness may be decrease by the high occurrence of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Physical fitness emerges as a modifying factor in this population through physical activity and this modification could influence in the quality of life of this population. The aim of the present study is to determine the contribution of physical fitness to the quality of life of people with severe mental illness. METHODS: In the current study, a physiotherapist and an occupational therapist assessed 62 people with severe mental illness...
May 2, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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