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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#1
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929830/effects-of-a-collaborative-intervention-process-on-parent-empowerment-and-child-performance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Mihee An, Robert J Palisano, Chung-Hwi Yi, Lisa A Chiarello, Carl J Dunst, Edward J Gracely
AIMS: To examine the effects of a four-step collaborative intervention process on parent and child outcomes and describe parents' and therapists' experiences. METHODS: Eighteen children with physical disabilities, their mothers, and 16 physical therapists participated. Therapists randomized to the experimental group were instructed in the collaborative intervention process. All family-therapist dyads participated in six weekly sessions. Outcomes included the adapted Family Empowerment Scale (FES) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922988/erognomic-education-on-housework-for-women-with-upper-limb-repetitive-strain-injury-rsi-a-conceptual-representation-of-therapists-clinical-reasoning
#3
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O' Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Ergonomic education in housework that aims to facilitate behavior change is important for women with upper limb repetitive strain injury. Therapists usually conduct such programs based on implicit reasoning. Making this reasoning explicit is important in contributing to the profession's knowledge. AIM: To construct a conceptual representation of how occupational therapists make clinical decisions for such program. METHOD: Based on a constructivist-grounded theory methodology, data were collected through in-depth interviewing with 14 occupational therapists from a major hospital in Singapore...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913381/is-it-fractured-or-broken-a-patient-survey-study-to-assess-injury-comprehension-after-orthopaedic-trauma
#4
Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini, Matthew D Riedel, Tyler Gonzalez, Poopak Hafezi, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain orthopaedic trauma in the form of fractures commonly ask treating providers whether the bone is "fractured" or "broken". While orthopaedic surgeons consider these terms synonymous, patients appear to comprehend the terms as having different meanings. Given the commonality of this frequently posed question, it may be important for providers to assess patients' level of understanding in order to provide optimal care. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients' comprehension and understanding regarding the use of the terms fractured and broken...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906142/educational-quality-of-youtube-videos-in-thumb-exercises-for-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-search-on-current-practice
#5
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Raquel Cantero-Tellez, Kristin Valdes, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatments are commonly performed therapeutic interventions for the management of carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA). Physical and occupational therapies are starting to use video-based online content as both a patient teaching tool and a source for treatment techniques. YouTube is a popular video-sharing website that can be accessed easily. The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of content and potential sources of bias in videos available on YouTube pertaining to thumb exercises for CMC OA...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891356/benefits-and-burdens-family-caregivers-experiences-of-assistive-technology-at-in-everyday-life-with-persons-with-young-onset-dementia-yod
#6
Torhild Holthe, Rita Jentoft, Cathrine Arntzen, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their family caregivers may benefit from assistive technology (AT), but knowledge is scarce about family carers' (FC) experiences and involvement in the use of AT in everyday life. AIM: To examine the FC roles and experiences with AT as means of supporting people with young onset-dementia (YOD). METHOD: Qualitative interview study with follow-up design. Repeated semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 FC of people with YOD, participating in an ongoing intervention study investigating the families' use and experiences of AT in everyday life...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891306/active-residents-in-care-homes-a-holistic-approach-to-promoting-and-encouraging-meaningful-activity-for-residents-living-in-care-homes-innovative-practice
#7
Raymond Smith, Julia Wood, Fiona Jones, Liezl Anderson, Michael Hurley
The active residents in care homes intervention aim to promote meaningful activity among care home residents. Residents, family members and staff from three residential care homes in South London are participating. It is a whole systems approach which involves formal and 'on the floor' training to empower care home staff to facilitate activity. Training is delivered by two occupational therapists, a physiotherapist and a rehabilitation assistant. This paper describes the active residents in care homes intervention, the evaluation methods and discusses some preliminary findings...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889171/considering-recent-trends-in-healthcare-labor-markets-in-educational-program-planning-in-allied-health
#8
Surrey M Walton, Kibum Kim, Saul J Weiner
Recent trends in wages and employment should be considered to help inform recruitment and expansion planning for educational programs related to the future healthcare workforce. We present a relatively straightforward method for assessing a broad set of health labor market trends from 2010 to 2014 based on the number employed and wage rates across all healthcare-related occupational categories available from the Occupational Employment Statistics data. To focus more on trends within the healthcare sector, we used the relative wages and employment of the occupations compared to medical doctors...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888318/under-pressure-applying-practice-based-learning-and-improvement-to-the-treatment-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-patients-with-burns
#9
REVIEW
Mihaela Rapolti, Cindy Wu, Olga A Schuth, Charles Scott Hultman
Chronic neuropathic pain after burn injury may have multiple causes, such as direct nerve injury, nerve compression, or neuroma formation, and can significantly impair quality of life and limit functional recovery. Management includes a team-based approach that involves close collaboration between occupational and physical therapists, plastic surgeons, and experts in chronic pain, from neurology, anesthesia, psychiatry, and physiatry. Carefully selected patients with an anatomic cause of chronic neuropathic pain unequivocally benefit from surgical intervention...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886738/gaps-in-care-for-patients-with-memory-deficits-after-stroke-views-of-healthcare-providers
#10
Eugene Yee Hing Tang, Christopher Price, Blossom Christa Maree Stephan, Louise Robinson, Catherine Exley
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a common cause of physical disability but is also strongly associated with cognitive impairment and a risk for future dementia. Despite national clinical guidelines, the service provided for stroke survivors with cognitive and memory difficulties varies across localities. This study critically evaluated the views of healthcare professionals about barriers and facilitators to their care. METHODS: Seventeen semi-structured individual interviews were conducted by a single interviewer with both primary and secondary care clinicians in regular contact with stroke-survivors...
September 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885102/home-programs-for-upper-extremity-recovery-post-stroke-a-survey-of-occupational-therapy-practitioners
#11
Elena V Donoso Brown, Renae Fichter
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity hemiparesis is an impairment post-stroke that impacts quality of life. Home programs are an intervention strategy used by many occupational therapists to support continued motor recovery post-stroke, yet little is known about how these programs are designed and implemented. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe how occupational therapy practitioners approach this task and specifically what strategies they use to support adherence and what types of technology are most commonly used...
September 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882150/care-managers-professional-choices-ethical-dilemmas-and-conflicting-expectations
#12
Siri Tønnessen, Gøril Ursin, Berit Støre Brinchmann
BACKGROUND: Care-managers are responsible for the public administration of individual healthcare decisions and decide on the volume and content of community healthcare services given to a population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the conflicting expectations and ethical dilemmas these professionals encounter in their daily work with patients and to discuss the clinical implications of this. METHODS: The study had a qualitative design. The data consisted of verbatim transcripts from 12 ethical reflection group meetings held in 2012 at a purchaser unit in a Norwegian city...
September 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880695/influences-on-students-assistive-technology-use-at-school-the-views-of-classroom-teachers-allied-health-professionals-students-with-cerebral-palsy-and-their-parents
#13
Petra Karlsson, Christine Johnston, Katrina Barker
PURPOSE: This study explored how classroom teachers, allied health professionals, students with cerebral palsy, and their parents view high-tech assistive technology service delivery in the classroom. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with six classroom teachers and six parents and their children were conducted. Additionally, two focus groups comprising 10 occupational therapists and six speech pathologists were carried out. Ethical and confidentiality considerations meant that the groups were not matched...
September 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877603/the-use-of-psychosocial-services-post-hand-and-upper-limb-injury-and-trauma-a-pilot-study
#14
Gregory Chown, Mary Beckwold, Heather Chernosky, Jonathan Lozoskie, Allison Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates that hand injuries may cause psychological difficulties. To enhance recovery, therapists must provide appropriate referrals. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of psychosocial services by occupational therapists (OTs) and certified hand therapists (CHTs) post hand and upper limb injury or trauma. METHODS: A quantitative survey design was implemented using a self-made questionnaire, which consisted of questions regarding demographic information, types and frequency of hand and upper limb injuries, psychiatric diagnoses, frequency of psychosocial service referrals, frames of references used, types of psychosocial assessments and interventions employed, and barriers to psychosocial services...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876156/home-based-circuit-training-program-for-an-adolescent-female-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#15
Devashish Tiwari, Carol Daly, Bara Alsalaheen
Adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often discharged from physical therapy (PT) services without transitioning into exertional conditioning programs. Active participation in physical activities with peers at school is essential to achieve a sense of accomplishment and acceptance. Factors such as reduced aerobic fitness and residual gait impairments can lead to limited participation and peer interaction. The purpose of this case report was to describe the impact of home-based circuit training (HBCT) focusing on strength and balance on gait speed (GS), energy expenditure, and functional performance in a 17-year-old female with severe TBI...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874215/participatory-design-of-pediatric-upper-limb-prostheses-qualitative-methods-and-prototyping
#16
Tara Sims, Andy Cranny, Cheryl Metcalf, Paul Chappell, Maggie Donovan-Hall
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to develop an understanding of the views of children and adolescents, parents, and professionals on upper limb prosthetic devices to develop and improve device design. Previous research has found that children are dissatisfied with prostheses but has relied heavily on parent proxy reports and quantitative measures (such as questionnaires) to explore their views. METHODS: Thirty-four participants (eight children aged 8-15 years with upper limb difference, nine parents, eight prosthetists, and nine occupational therapists) contributed to the development of new devices through the BRIDGE methodology of participatory design, using focus groups and interviews...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873833/mouthsticks-a-participatory-approach
#17
Waltraud Ernst, Gerhard Nussbaum, Veronika M Berger, Zoltan Major
Mouthsticks are quite an old kind of assistive technology (AT) but nevertheless they are up to now the Swiss army knives among AT. Unfortunately the popularity of mouthsticks massively decreased during the 1990s with the result that knowledge about how to produce good mouthsticks got lost and that there are hardly any adaptable mouthsticks available on the market. This paper discusses the development of a personalized mouthstick with the involvement of end users - people with severe physical disabilities - and occupational therapists as experts of everyday use...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873795/obstacle-a-tool-to-assess-the-home-environment-designed-for-all
#18
Ryanne Lemmens, Carine Gielen, Annemie Spooren
INTRODUCTION: Elderly prefer to live as long as possible independent in their own home. The occupational therapist can play an important role in this, for instance by giving advice regarding home adaptations or the use of assistive technology in order for the person to function more independently. There is need for a tool that allow to screen the home easily and thorough. AIM: The aim of the study is to develop a screening tool that meets the requirements of occupational therapists to assess the home environment for persons in order to facilitate independent living...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873785/access-visits-using-video-communication
#19
Suvodeep Mazumdar, Fabio Ciravegna, Neil Ireson, Jennifer Read, Emma Simpson, Peter Cudd
An online video communication system is presented that enables Occupational Therapists (OTs) assess patient homes for assistive technology needs before acute care discharge to ensure appropriate independence and recovery conditions. Explorations under multiple conditions revealed perspectives from OTs and volunteer facilitators. Preliminary key findings and insights are reported.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872931/factors-perceived-by-rehabilitation-professionals-to-influence-the-provision-of-assistive-technology-to-children-a-systematic-review
#20
Karin van Niekerk, Shakila Dada, Kerstin Tönsing, Kobie Boshoff
BACKGROUND: The use of Assistive Technology (AT) by children with disabilities has been associated with significant development and improvement in outcomes within all spheres of life. However, AT is often underutilized. Appropriate selection of AT by rehabilitation professionals could improve the satisfaction of the user and their family with their AT. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search identified six studies that investigate the factors that occupational therapists, physiotherapists, as well as speech and language pathologists perceive to influence their provision of AT to children...
September 5, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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