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Occupational therapist

Séverine Sauzé, Céline Chouhan
International literature endorses an organisation of care which links up the hospital and the usual living environment of the elderly person as well as interdisciplinarity in the pathway of these vulnerable patients. The internal medicine and vascular diseases department of Angers university hospital favours these two principles and wishes to strenghten this strategy thanks to the intervention of a dedicated nurse and an occupational therapist. The aim is to prevent the early rehospitalisation of elderly people...
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
Ai-Vi Nguyen, Yau-Lok Austin Ong, Cindy Xin Luo, Thiviya Thuraisingam, Michael Rubino, Mindy F Levin, Franceen Kaizer, Philippe S Archambault
PURPOSE: To identify the facilitators and barriers perceived by clinicians to using an Exergaming Room as adjunct to conventional therapy. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study using an interpretive description methodology. SUBJECTS: Ten clinicians (four physical therapists, six occupational therapists) from the Stroke Program at the Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital (nine female, one male, age range 25-50 years old) who referred clients to the Exergaming Room...
March 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Miranda Thew, Yvonne Thomas, Michelle Briggs
BACKGROUND: Although Role Emerging Placements (REP) are now a common feature in pre-registration occupational therapy curricula, there is a need to expand the understanding of the impact of this experience on employability, practice and career path of qualified occupational therapists. METHOD: A case finding online survey was used to create a purposive sample for Thematic Analysis of semi-structured interviews with practising occupational therapists from one UK Masters' level pre-registration occupational therapy program...
March 11, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Rebecca Abrahams, Karen P Y Liu, Michelle Bissett, Paul Fahey, Karen S L Cheung, Rosalind Bye, Katrina Chaudhary, Leung-Wing Chu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists and health practitioners commonly provide interventions to family caregivers of people with dementia with the aim of relieving burden, depression, and disruptions in health and social support. To date, the effects of multicomponent interventions specifically targeting these four important outcomes has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions on four outcomes for co-residing family caregivers of people with dementia...
March 12, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Cally Kent, Reinie Cordier, Annette Joosten, Sarah Wilkes-Gillan, Anita Bundy
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently demonstrate impaired play skills and poor quality social interactions compared to typically developing peers. Complex interventions to improve play skills should be investigated with randomised control trials (RCT) where possible to support evidence-based practice for occupational therapists. Prior to a RCT, multiple feasibility studies are recommended to identify barriers to the trial. The aim of this study is to adapt a complex intervention to improve play skills in children with ASD and investigate the feasibility of conducting a RCT...
March 11, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Giles Gyer, Jimmy Michael, James Inklebarger
Hand injury is the second most common work-related musculoskeletal injury among physical therapists (PTs) and other manual therapy professionals such as osteopaths, physiotherapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and massage therapists. However, the nature and extent of this problem have not been fully explored yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the existing literature published on the prevalence, risk factors, consequences, and prevention of hand injuries among PTs and similar healthcare professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Marta M Bruce, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Mary Rogers, Karen M Anderson, Kerstin Prignitz Sluys, Therese S Richmond
Trauma-informed interventions have been implemented in various settings, but trauma-informed care (TIC) has not been widely incorporated into the treatment of adult patients with traumatic injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine health care provider knowledge, attitudes, practices, competence, and perceived barriers to implementation of TIC. This cross-sectional study used an anonymous web-based survey to assess attitudes, knowledge, perceived competence, and practice of TIC among trauma providers from an urban academic medical center with a regional resource trauma center...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Jessica Trevena-Peters, Adam McKay, Jennie Ponsford
It is uncertain whether therapy delivered during posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) following traumatic brain injury can be effective due to risk of agitation and poor learning capacity. This study used goal attainment scaling (GAS) to assess gains in activities of daily living (ADL) retraining during PTA. Occupational therapists' perspectives on goal setting and therapy delivery were also explored qualitatively. Forty-nine rehabilitation inpatients were provided with manualised ADL retraining following errorless and procedural learning principles during PTA...
March 8, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Jeanine Blanchard, Cheryl L P Vigen, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Michelle Fluke, Mike Carlson
Older, rural-dwelling Latinos face multiple health disparities. We describe the protocol of a pilot study of a community health worker-occupational therapist-led lifestyle program, ¡Vivir Mi Vida! ( ¡VMV!), designed for delivery in primary care and adapted for late-midlife, Latino rural-living patients. Using mixed methods, we collected feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy data on ¡VMV!. Forty 50- to 64-year-old Latinos participated in a 16-week lifestyle intervention led by a community health worker-occupational therapist team...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Patrick Maggi, Johanna de Almeida Mello, Sam Delye, Sophie Cès, Jean Macq, Christiane Gosset, Anja Declercq
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of older people over 65 years fall each year. Home modifications may decrease occurrence of falls. PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the risk factors of falls for frail older persons and to evaluate the impact of home modifications by an occupational therapist on the occurrence of falls. METHOD: We conducted a longitudinal study using a quasiexperimental design to examine occurrence of falls. All participants 65 years of age and older and were assessed at baseline and 6 months after the intervention...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Carrie Anne Marshall, Rosemary Lysaght, Terry Krupa
BACKGROUND: Studying the occupations of formerly homeless persons as they transition to becoming housed following long-term homelessness has the potential to offer a meaningful contribution to the ongoing dialogue on homelessness. PURPOSE: Occupational transition was explored with a sample of persons with a history of chronic homelessness to contribute an occupational perspective to current scholarship on homelessness and to inform the practice of occupational therapists who support this population...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
William Levack, Kounosuke Tomori, Kayoko Takahashi, Aidan J Sherrington
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the content of an English-language version of a Japanese iPad application designed to facilitate shared decision-making around goal setting in rehabilitation: Aid for Decision-making in Occupational Choice-English (ADOC-E). DESIGN: Phase 1: Delphi methods to reach consensus with an international group of expert occupational therapists on the text and images in ADOC-E. Phase 2: Testing correct recognition (unprompted and prompted) of images in ADOC-E by health service users in inpatient rehabilitation and residential care...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa Cp Sawyer, Sarah E Johnson, Harriet Hiscock, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: To identify the percentage of 4-17 year olds with mental disorders in Australia who attended health professionals for single or repeat visits to get help for emotional and behavioural problems during a 12-month period. To identify factors associated with single and repeat visits, and the average length of time between visits. To compare the number of parent-reported visits with visits recorded in the Medicare Benefits Schedule. METHOD: The study used data from the national survey of the mental health and wellbeing of 4-17 year olds conducted in 2013-2014 ( n = 6310)...
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
David M Morris, Gavin R Jenkins
Experts around the world support the integration of health promotion and wellness (HPW) services into traditional health care services. If successfully executed, the addition of HPW services would reduce rates of death and disability and significantly reduce health care costs. While all health care providers should be engaged in providing HPW services, many believe that physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) are uniquely positioned to provide these services. However, research suggests that clinicians in both fields may fall short in doing so...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Mireia Raluy-Callado, Andrew Cox, Sharon MacLachlan, Abdel M Bakheit, A Peter Moore, Jerome Dinet, Sylvie Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is a common complication following stroke. This study describes the differences in healthcare resource utilization between patients who do and do not develop PSS in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Adults registered in The Health Improvement Network database with a recorded stroke between 2007 and 2011 were included. PSS was identified through Read codes; machine learning was used to retrospectively identify unrecorded PSS events...
February 28, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund
BACKGROUND: The practice of Norwegian occupational therapists (OTs) in municipal practice is a little explored area and with the Coordination Reform Act from 2012, Norwegian OTs in municipal practice have received responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. The aim of this study was to explore municipal OTs experiences with assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: Fourteen individual interviews with OTs who worked with clients with cognitive impairments, were conducted...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Wouter de Groote, Mayowa Owolabi, Ilyas M Syed, Abderrazak Hajjoui, Muhammad N Babur, Tahir M Sayed, Yvonne Frizzell, Amaramalar S Naicker, Maryam Fourtassi, Alaeldin Elmalik, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of disability in low-and middle-income countries, the clinical skills of the rehabilitation workforce are not well described. We report health professionals' perspectives on clinical skills in austere settings and identify context-specific gaps in workforce capacity. METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot survey (Pakistan, Morocco, Nigeria, Malaysia) of health professionals' working in rehabilitation in hospital and community settings...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Lauren R Hepworth, Fiona J Rowe
Introduction: The aim of this study was to ascertain what items stroke survivors and stroke care professionals think are important when assessing quality of life for stroke survivors with visual impairment for inclusion in the new patient-reported outcome measure. Methods: A reactive Delphi process was used in a three-round electronic-based survey. The items presented consisted of 62 items originally sourced from a systematic review of existing vision-related quality of life instruments and stroke survivor interviews, reduced and refined following a ranking exercise and pilot with stroke survivors with visual impairment...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
Charlene M T Robertson, Shannon M DeForge, Cara F Dosman
Objectives: To determine the domains of parent-therapist collaboratively set goals for intervention within a family-centered, tertiary-level early developmental intervention (EDI) program. To report changes in ratings for performance and satisfaction of performance pre- and postintervention for the set goals. Methods: This study includes all children with complex developmental disabilities (30 ± 3 months of age, 61% boys) registered in a tertiary-level EDI program from 2009 to 2012 whose parents completed the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to evaluate goal setting...
July 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Elizabeth M Wallack, Chelsea Harris, Michelle Ploughman, Roger Butler
BACKGROUND: Telegerontology is an approach using videoconferencing to connect an interdisciplinary team in a regional specialty center to patients in rural communities, which is becoming increasingly practical for addressing current limitations in rural community-based dementia care. OBJECTIVE: Using the remotely-delivered expertise of the Telegerontology dementia care team, we aim to enhance the caregiver/patient/physician triad and thereby provide the necessary support for the person with dementia to "age in place...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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