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Occupational therapist

Ranmalee Eramudugolla, Jasmine Price, Sidhant Chopra, Xiaolan Li, Kaarin J Anstey
OBJECTIVES: To design a low-cost simulator-based driving assessment for older adults and to compare its validity with that of an on-road driving assessment and other measures of older driver risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Canberra, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult drivers (N = 47; aged 65-88, mean age 75.2). MEASUREMENTS: Error rate on a simulated drive with environment and scoring procedure matched to those of an on-road test...
October 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Rose Martini, Heidi Cramm, Mary Egan, Lindsey Sikora
Although the term self-regulation is appearing more frequently in the occupational therapy literature, the extent to which it is consistently conceptualized is not clear. The aim of this scoping review was to examine how the term self-regulation is used by occupational therapists in research and practice literature. A total of 58 publications that included occupational therapy and self-regulation in the title, key words, or abstract were identified. Self-regulation was not explicitly defined by more than half of the authors...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Brian T Gregg, Dana M Howell, Anne Shordike
An increasing number of U.S. military veterans are entering postsecondary education with problems attributed to deployed military service. The primary objective of this research was to describe the lived experiences of student veterans transitioning from active military service to postsecondary education. Phenomenological interviews were performed with 13 student veterans who had transitioned from military deployment to postsecondary education. An overall essential meaning of "emerging in college culture" was manifested from three themes, supported by rich textural and structural descriptions of student veterans' experiences: (1) repurposing military experiences for life as a student veteran, (2) reconstructing civilian identity, and (3) navigating postsecondary context and interactions...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Susan L Garber
Every day, in clinics and hospitals around the world, occupational therapists care for patients with serious problems requiring viable solutions. Each patient is unique, and his or her problem does not necessarily correspond to existing practice models. Practitioners must adapt standard approaches to provide effective outcomes, yet problems exist for which few or no beneficial approaches have been identified. Such clinical issues require solutions to be generated de novo from the practitioner's body of knowledge and past experience...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Ola Nordviste, Lone Dragland, Theresa Wilberg
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient group psychotherapy is frequent within specialist services, recruits a mixed population, but effects are poorly documented. This study investigates long-term outcomes for patients with personality disorder (PD) treated in outpatient, psychodynamic groups within secondary mental health service. METHODS: A naturalistic study (N = 103) with repeated assessments of process and clinical outcomes. Longitudinal statistics are linear mixed models...
October 21, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Barbara U Daufanamae, Richard C Franklin, Jackie Eagers
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional injuries (injuries for which there is no evidence of a predetermined intent) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although evidence demonstrates unintentional injuries are preventable it is a public health challenge for many LMICs such as the Solomon Islands. Occupational therapists are well placed to contribute to injury prevention, as they have specialised skills to analyse the accessibility and safety of the environments within which people conduct their daily occupations...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Mary Harrison
This article presents findings from a qualitative research study exploring the experiences of early intervention practitioners in a reflective consultation program. Fifteen licensed early childhood special education teachers and speech, occupational, and physical therapists as well as a psychologist from an urban school district participated in interviews discussing their work stressors and involvement with monthly reflective consultation groups. They described a loosely temporal, iterative process which transformed how they thought and felt about both themselves as practitioners and the children and families with whom they worked...
October 19, 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Beth A Ekelman, Darcy L Allison, Dario Duvnjak, Dorothy R DiMarino, John Jodzio, Paolo V Iannarelli
Little is known about how participating in a wellness program influences the well-being of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study is to explore how men with SCI describe their experiences and meaning of participating in a wellness center program, how they perceived these experiences as influencing their well-being, and how these experiences relate to co-occupations and occupational spin-off concepts. Investigators employed a descriptive qualitative design. Four adult males with an SCI participated in the study...
October 6, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Leanne M Boehm, Eduard E Vasilevskis, Lorraine C Mion
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE bundle is a multifaceted, interprofessional intervention that is associated with reduced ventilator and delirium days as well as increased likelihood of mobility in intensive care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe organizational domains that contribute to variation in ABCDE bundle implementation as reported by intensive care unit providers and to examine the capability of a conceptual framework for identifying variation in ABCDE bundle implementation...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Anne Marit Mengshoel, Åse Skarbø
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of patients referred to occupational therapists (OTs), physiotherapists (PTs) and social workers (SWs) at a rehabilitation unit in a hospital specializing in rheumatology, and the rehabilitation needs that clinicians and patients agreed should be addressed in the encounters with the particular health professional groups. METHODS: Consecutive hospitalized patients at a rheumatism hospital were recruited by the health professionals...
October 17, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
Monika Bolina, C Allyson Jones, Sheri Koshman, Erin Heintz, Cheryl A Sadowski
BACKGROUND: Functional skills can affect the ability of older adults to appropriately manage their medication regimens. Research evaluating a patient's functional ability or the assessment of medication management is limited. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to describe the documented components of functional medication management (FMM) in adults aged ≥65 years during an acute hospital stay. The secondary objective was to describe the characteristics of the healthcare providers (HCP) who document FMM...
September 12, 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
(no author information available yet)
Are occupational therapists (OTs) the key to tackling obesity in people with learning disabilities? Rebecca Haythorne, an OT student says the profession can play a crucial role by providing health promotion, education and bespoke exercise routines. OTs must urge carers to collaborate with the person in their care to help them become independent and develop the skills to gain control of their weight.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Benjamin Milbourn, Beverley McNamara, Angus Buchanan
BACKGROUND/AIM: People with severe mental illness (SMI) do not receive adequate attention in research or clinical practice. They are considered hard to reach and difficult to engage. Information is needed to help provide support for this vulnerable population. This paper aims to investigate the well-being of adults diagnosed with SMI and receiving Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) by applying the occupational well-being framework to the everyday activities of this vulnerable group of people...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alexandra Lecours, Pierre-Yves Therriault
BACKGROUND: Preventive behaviour is a significant intervention target in order to promote health at work, but has never been discussed in an occupational perspective. AIM: To clarify the concept of preventive behaviour at work. METHODS: The Walker and Avant (2011) method was used to conduct the study. RESULTS: The attributes of the concept are: (1) compliance with safety rules and procedures, (2) proactivity, participation, engagement and initiatives related to prevention, (3) maintenance of physical environment, (4) concern for social environment and (5) reflexivity and analytical skills of work situations...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Roksana Malak, Agnieszka Krawczyk-Wasielewska, Ewa Mojs, Bartosz Grobelny, Katarzyna B Głodowska, José Carlos Millán-Calenti, Laura Núñez-Naveira, Włodzimierz Samborski
BACKGROUND The person with dementia should be treated as an unique person regarding symptoms directly associated with dementia, such as problems with memory, hallucinations, and delusions, as well as other physical, mental, or neurological deficits. The symptoms not directly typical of dementia, such as musculoskeletal disorders or depression, should be also be considered in order to improve the quality of life of a person with dementia. That is why professional caregivers have to broaden their current knowledge not only of medical symptoms but also of the patient's psychosocial condition and increase their inquisitiveness about the individual condition of the patient...
October 10, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sally Bennett, Mary Whitehead, Sally Eames, Jennifer Fleming, Shanling Low, Elizabeth Caldwell
BACKGROUND: There has been widespread acknowledgement of the need to build capacity in knowledge translation however much of the existing work focuses on building capacity amongst researchers rather than with clinicians directly. This paper's aim is to describe a research project for developing a knowledge translation capacity building program for occupational therapy clinicians. METHODS: Participatory action research methods were used to both develop and evaluate the knowledge translation capacity-building program...
October 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Danielle Levac, Stephanie M N Glegg, Heidi Sveistrup, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia A Miller, Hillel Finestone, Vincent DePaul, Jocelyn E Harris, Diana Velikonja
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR)-based therapy in stroke rehabilitation, few knowledge translation (KT) resources exist to support clinical integration. KT interventions addressing known barriers and facilitators to VR use are required. When environmental barriers to VR integration are less amenable to change, KT interventions can target modifiable barriers related to therapist knowledge and skills. METHODS: A multi-faceted KT intervention was designed and implemented to support physical and occupational therapists in two stroke rehabilitation units in acquiring proficiency with use of the Interactive Exercise Rehabilitation System (IREX; GestureTek)...
October 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Cara McComish, Kristen Brackett, Maureen Kelly, Christine Hall, Sharon Wallace, Victoria Powell
Pediatric feeding difficulties are complex and multifactorial in nature. Children who need assessment and individualized treatment for complex feeding problems are best served by an interdisciplinary treatment team. The medical, motor, and behavioral approach to treating pediatric feeding problems is presented as an avenue to treatment. By necessity, this approach requires a well-functioning interdisciplinary team, including nurses, physicians, registered dietitians, and feeding therapists (speech-language pathologists, occupational and physical therapists)...
July 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Eilish King, Theresa Okodogbe, Eilish Burke, Mary McCarron, Philip McCallion, Mary Ann O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: As adults with intellectual disability (ID) in Ireland move to the community from residential settings, the changed environment is intended to increase opportunities for occupational engagement, autonomy and social relationships. It is important to consider how increased resources and opportunities available within the community can be optimized to promote engagement and quality of life. AIMS: This paper investigates if and how ADL and IADL performance of people ageing with ID is related to place of residence...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Margot Barry, Wietske Kuijer-Siebelink, Loek Nieuwenhuis, Nynke Scherpbier-de Haan
BACKGROUND: This literature review investigates what research reports about the contribution that communities of practice (CoPs) can make in the continuing professional development (CPD) of qualified occupational therapists. METHODS: Academic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE and ERIC) were searched and articles were included based on pre-determined criteria. Five articles were included in the review. RESULTS: The CoPs in the reviewed articles provided opportunities for knowledge sharing, knowledge translation, reflection on action and learning through boundary crossing...
October 5, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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