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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909379/-it-is-an-eye-opener-that-there-is-a-relationship-between-rehabilitation-and-hiv-perspectives-of-physiotherapists-and-occupational-therapists-in-kenya-and-zambia-on-the-role-of-rehabilitation-with-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#1
Stephanie Nixon, Cathy Cameron, Margaret Mweshi, Esther Munalula Nkandu, Carlius Okidi, Stephen Tattle, Tammy Yates
Purpose: To present the perspectives of rehabilitation providers-physiotherapists and occupational therapists-in Kenya and Zambia on the role of rehabilitation in the care of adults and children living with HIV. Methods: This qualitative, interpretivist study was part of a broader project to adapt a Canadian e-module on HIV-related disability for rehabilitation providers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Focus groups, demographic questionnaires, and knowledge-attitude-belief surveys were conducted with rehabilitation providers in Kenya and Zambia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900930/availability-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#2
Mats Arne, Margareta Emtner, Karin Lisspers, Karin Wadell, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based component for the management of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In daily practice, the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. However, information about the availability of PR in primary care in Sweden is lacking. The aim was to investigate the availability of rehabilitation resources in primary care settings for patients with COPD in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied, using web-based questionnaires sent to all primary care centres in four regions, comprising more than half of the 9...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#3
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886565/investigating-the-relationship-between-reduced-self-awareness-of-falls-risk-rehabilitation-engagement-and-falls-in-older-adults
#4
Tijana Mihaljcic, Terry P Haines, Jennie L Ponsford, Renerus J Stolwyk
The present study aimed to investigate whether self-awareness of falls risk is associated with rehabilitation engagement, motivation for rehabilitation, and number of falls after hospital discharge. The sample comprised 91 older adults (Mage=77.97, SD=8.04) undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. The Self-Awareness of Falls Risk Measure (SAFRM) was used to measure different aspects of self-awareness. The treating physiotherapist and occupational therapist rated the patient's engagement in rehabilitation and the patient reported his/her motivation for treatment...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885229/the-effects-of-the-employment-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists-on-the-gait-function-of-adult-day-service-users-after-1-year
#5
Yuta Hayashi, Shinnosuke Hato, Tatsuyuki Imada, Osamu Kobayashi, Tsutomu Abe, Takeshi Oonuma, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence or absence of physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in an adult day service on the users' gait function, and to generalize the format of an effective service aimed at the preventing the exacerbation of the gait function and at promoting self-reliance in activities and participation. METHODS: The study population included 830 elderly day service users (mean age, 83...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884479/a-pilot-training-program-for-people-in-recovery-of-mental-illness-as-vocational-peer-support-workers-in-hong-kong-job-buddies-training-program-jbtp-a-preliminary-finding
#6
Kevin Kei Nang Yam, William Tak Lam Lo, Rose Lai Ping Chiu, Bien Shuk Yin Lau, Charles Ka Shing Lau, Jen Kei Yu Wu, Siu Man Wan
OBJECTIVES: The present study reviews the delivery of a pilot curriculum-mentorship-based peer vocational support workers training in a Hong Kong public psychiatric hospital. The present paper reports (1) on the development of a peer vocational support workers training - Job Buddies Training Program (JBTP) in Hong Kong; and (2) preliminary findings from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. METHOD: The curriculum consists of 15-session coursework, 8-session storytelling workshop and 50-hour practicum to provide Supported Employment Peer Service (SEPS) under the mentorship of occupational therapists...
October 24, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868435/a-touchy-topic-tactile-assessment-among-pediatric-therapists
#7
Megan Louise Auld, Leanne Marie Johnston
PURPOSE: Tactile impairments affect over 77% of children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). This study aimed to examine the current practices of pediatric therapists in relation to tactile assessment and the barriers to carrying out tactile assessment in children with CP. METHOD: The study was in two parts. In part one, pediatric therapists (n = 35) completed a questionnaire detailing their current knowledge and the use of tactile assessments in children. In part two, therapists (n = 12) completed a questionnaire based on the Theoretical Domains Framework examining the barriers and facilitators to completing tactile assessments in clinical practice...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858951/an-occupational-therapy-fall-reduction-home-visit-program-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-hong-kong-after-an-emergency-department-visit-for-a-fall
#8
Mary Man-Lai Chu, Kenneth Nai-Kuen Fong, Albert Chau-Hung Lit, Timothy Hudson Rainer, Stella Wai-Chee Cheng, Frederick Lap-Yan Au, Henry Kwok-Kwong Fung, Chit-Ming Wong, Hon-Kuan Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an occupational therapy fall reduction home visit program for older adults admitted to the emergency department (ED) for a fall and discharged directly home. DESIGN: Single-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. SETTINGS: EDs in three acute care hospitals in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older who had fallen (N = 311). INTERVENTIONS: After screening for eligibility, 204 consenting individuals were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and received a single home visit from an occupational therapist (OT) within 2 weeks after discharge from the hospital or a control group (CG) and received a well-wishing visit from a research assistant not trained in fall prevention...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857275/the-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-team-and-the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-survivor-exercise
#9
Margaret L McNeely, Naomi Dolgoy, Mona Onazi, Kirsten Suderman
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation professionals offer expertise in functional assessment, treatment of impairments and functional limitations, and disability prevention. To optimize recovery, and often prior to participating in community-based exercise programming, survivors may need rehabilitation services from a range of healthcare professionals, including physiatrists, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. OBJECTIVES: Survivors with physical impairments and functional limitations may benefit from interdisciplinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including tailored therapeutic exercise interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854252/weight-management-advice-for-clients-with-overweight-or-obesity-allied-health-professional-survey
#10
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Maya Guest, Ashley K Kable, Carole James, Samantha E Ashby, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Clare E Collins
The prevalence of obesity is increasing. The potential for allied health professionals to intervene through the provision of lifestyle advice is unknown. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of health professionals in the provision of dietary and physical activity advice for clients with overweight or obesity. Dietitians, exercise physiologists, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and psychologists (n = 296) working in New South Wales were surveyed using paper-based and online methods...
November 14, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852887/matching-and-accepting-assistive-technology-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-focus-group-study-with-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-carers-and-occupational-therapists
#11
Luke A Squires, Nefyn Williams, Val L Morrison
To explore experiences and perceptions of assistive technology, 14 people with multiple sclerosis, 5 carers and 4 occupational therapists participated in focus groups. Transcripts were analysed thematically drawing from illness self-regulation theory. Identified themes are as follows: critical multiple sclerosis events (developing symptoms/disability, delayed diagnosis and coping, public reaction and multiple sclerosis progression to assistive technology), matching assistive technology for continued use (acceptance of multiple sclerosis and assistive technology, realistic expectations, occupational therapist responsiveness, timing is crucial and carers and others) and impact of assistive technology (promoting or losing independence, stigma and embarrassment and redefining the carer)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852229/access-timing-and-frequency-of-very-early-stroke-rehabilitation-insights-from-the-baden-wuerttemberg-stroke-registry
#12
Björn Reuter, Christoph Gumbinger, Tamara Sauer, Horst Wiethölter, Ingo Bruder, Curt Diehm, Peter A Ringleb, Werner Hacke, Michael G Hennerici, Rolf Kern
BACKGROUND: While the precise timing and intensity of very early rehabilitation (VER) after stroke onset is still under discussion, its beneficial effect on functional disability is generally accepted. The recently published randomized controlled AVERT trial indicated that patients with severe stroke might be more susceptible to harmful side effects of VER, which we hypothesized is contrary to current clinical practice. We analyzed the Baden-Wuerttemberg stroke registry to gain insight into the application of VER in acute ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in clinical practice...
November 16, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847706/reliability-and-validity-of-korean-version-of-apraxia-screen-of-tulia-k-ast
#13
Soo Jin Kim, You-Na Yang, Jong Won Lee, Jin-Youn Lee, Eunhwa Jeong, Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of Korean version of AST (K-AST) as a bedside screening test of apraxia in patients with stroke for early and reliable detection. METHODS: AST was translated into Korean, and the translated version received authorization from the author of AST. The performances of K-AST in 26 patients (21 males, 5 females; mean age 65.42±17.31 years) with stroke (23 ischemic, 3 hemorrhagic) were videotaped. To test the reliability and validity of K-AST, the recorded performances were assessed by two physiatrists and two occupational therapists twice at a 1-week interval...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847195/augmented-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-stroke-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Joyce A Kootker, Sascha Mc Rasquin, Frederik C Lem, Caroline M van Heugten, Luciano Fasotti, Alexander C Geurts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of individually tailored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for reducing depressive symptoms with or without anxiety post stroke. DESIGN: Multi-center, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Six ambulatory rehabilitation settings in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - subscale Depression (HADS-D) score > 7 at least three months post stroke...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843593/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bone-metastasis-comprehensive-guideline-of-the-japanese-society-of-medical-oncology-japanese-orthopedic-association-japanese-urological-association-and-japanese-society-for-radiation-oncology
#15
REVIEW
H Shibata, S Kato, I Sekine, K Abe, N Araki, H Iguchi, T Izumi, Y Inaba, I Osaka, S Kato, A Kawai, S Kinuya, M Kodaira, E Kobayashi, T Kobayashi, J Sato, N Shinohara, S Takahashi, Y Takamatsu, K Takayama, K Takayama, U Tateishi, H Nagakura, M Hosaka, H Morioka, T Moriya, T Yuasa, T Yurikusa, K Yomiya, M Yoshida
Diagnosis and treatment of bone metastasis requires various types of measures, specialists and caregivers. To provide better diagnosis and treatment, a multidisciplinary team approach is required. The members of this multidisciplinary team include doctors of primary cancers, radiologists, pathologists, orthopaedists, radiotherapists, clinical oncologists, palliative caregivers, rehabilitation doctors, dentists, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, medical social workers, etc. Medical evidence was extracted from published articles describing meta-analyses or randomised controlled trials concerning patients with bone metastases mainly from 2003 to 2013, and a guideline was developed according to the Medical Information Network Distribution Service Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843324/the-reablement-team-s-voice-a-qualitative-study-of-how-an-integrated-multidisciplinary-team-experiences-participation-in-reablement
#16
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Olbjørg Skutle, Oddvar Førland, Herdis Alvsvåg
BACKGROUND: Reablement is an early and time-limited home-based rehabilitation intervention that emphasizes intensive, goal-oriented, and multidisciplinary assistance for people experiencing functional decline. Few empirical studies to date have examined the experiences of the integrated multidisciplinary teams involved in reablement. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to explore and describe how an integrated multidisciplinary team in Norway experienced participation in reablement...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828887/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-trauma-operationalizing-the-trauma-quality-improvement-program-directive
#17
Stephanie Devore, Sara E Parli, Douglas R Oyler, Andrew Bernard
Elderly patients are the fastest growing trauma demographic and present some of the most complicated clinical challenges. This feasibility study employed observational data from a geriatric cohort. Comprehensive geriatric assessments (CGAs) were performed biweekly on eligible patients, 65 years or older, who met screening criteria. Mobility, activities of daily living impairment, frailty, and depression were screened and documented, and along with summative recommendations, were entered into the medical record, communicated to the patient's primary care provider, and discussed with family...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822084/the-danish-cerebral-palsy-follow-up-program
#18
REVIEW
Helle Mätzke Rasmussen, Kirsten Nordbye-Nielsen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, Mette Johansen, Niels Ellitsgaard, Charlotte Reinhardt Pedersen, Gija Rackauskaite, Henriette Engberg, Niels Wisbech Pedersen
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Cerebral Palsy Follow-up Program is a combined follow-up program and national clinical quality database that aims to monitor and improve the quality of health care for children with cerebral palsy (CP). STUDY POPULATION: The database includes children with CP aged 0-15 years and children with symptoms of CP aged 0-5 years. MAIN VARIABLES: In the follow-up program, the children are offered examinations throughout their childhood by orthopedic surgeons, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, and pediatricians...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814322/the-experiences-of-occupational-therapists-regarding-the-use-of-the-model-of-occupational-self-efficacy
#19
Mogammad Shaheed Soeker
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the views of occupational therapists about the vocational rehabilitation models of practice related to individuals with brain injury are limited. The views of occupational therapists regarding the use of vocational rehabilitation are important in the development of successful vocational rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the experiences of occupational therapists regarding the use of the model of occupational self-efficacy...
October 31, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809698/viewpoints-of-working-sandwich-generation-women-and-occupational-therapists-on-role-balance-strategies
#20
Kiah L Evans, Sonya J Girdler, Torbjorn Falkmer, Janet E Richmond, Petra Wagman, Jeannine Millsteed, Marita Falkmer
Occupational therapists need to be cognizant of evidence-based role balance advice and strategies that women with multigenerational caring responsibilities can implement independently or with minimal assistance, as role balance may not be the primary goal during many encounters with this population. Hence, this study aimed to identify the viewpoints on the most helpful role balance strategies for working sandwich generation women, both from their own perspectives and from the perspective of occupational therapists...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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