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CYP3A4 metabolism gender

Takeshi Hirayama, Tadashi Ikegami, Akira Honda, Teruo Miyazaki, Sho-Ichiro Yara, Motoyuki Kohjima, Makoto Nakamuta, Yasushi Matsuzaki
Since the majority of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) that are used in the treatment of HCV infection are mainly metabolized by CYP3A4, it is hypothesized that inter-individual differences in CYP3A4 activity may be associated with the bioavailability of these agents. Methods The level of serum 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4βHC), a surrogate marker of CYP3A4 activity, was determined by LC-MS/MS in samples obtained from patients with HCV infection (CHCs) as well as healthy control subjects (CTLs). Serum samples obtained from patients treated with either asunaprevir/daclatasvir (ASV/DCV) or ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (OTV/PTV/r) were used for additional assays...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
Pierre Marquet, Laetitia Albano, Jean-Baptiste Woillard, Lionel Rostaing, Nassim Kamar, Charlotte Sakarovitch, Philippe Gatault, Matthias Buchler, Bernard Charpentier, Eric Thervet, Elisabeth Cassuto
BACKGROUND: Several studies found differences in tacrolimus whole blood trough levels (C0) or area-under-the curve (AUC) between the twice-daily (Tac-BID) and once-daily (Tac-OD) formulations given to kidney transplant recipients at equal doses. As C0 is widely used as a surrogate of the AUC for individual dose adjustment, this study investigated the correlation and proportionality between C0 and the 24h-AUC, depending on the formulation, time post-transplantation, pharmacogenetics traits and other individual characteristics...
March 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Monica Mazzarino, Valeria Buccilli, Xavier de la Torre, Ilaria Fiacco, Amelia Palermo, Daniele Ughi, Francesco Botrè
Phase I and phase II biochemical reactions involved in the biotransformation pathways of tolvaptan were characterized by LC-MS-based techniques and in vitro models to identify the most appropriate marker(s) of intake. The effects of physiological and non-physiological factors on the metabolic profile of tolvaptan were also evaluated. In vitro approaches were based on the use of pooled human liver microsomes and recombinant isoforms of cytochrome P450 and uridine diphospho glucuronosyl-transferase. Sample preparation included liquid/liquid extraction at neutral pH with tert-butyl methyl-ether...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Caroline Gjestad, Tore Haslemo, Ole A Andreassen, Espen Molden
AIM: 4β-Hydroxycholesterol (4βOHC) is sensitive towards induction or inhibition of CYP3A4, but its potential usefulness as a dosing biomarker remains to be demonstrated. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between 4βOHC levels and steady-state concentrations (Css) of quetiapine, a CYP3A4 substrate with high presystemic metabolism, in psychiatric patients. METHODS: Serum samples from 151 patients treated with quetiapine as immediate release (IR; n = 98) or slow release (XR; n = 53) tablets were included for analysis of 4βOHC...
November 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Kaoru Kobayashi, Chihiro Abe, Mika Endo, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Mitsuo Oshimura, Kan Chiba
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is an important drug-metabolizing enzyme that is expressed in the liver and small intestine of humans. Various factors influence the expression of CYP3A4, but gender difference in CYP3A4 expression remains debatable. OBJECTIVE: To clarify gender difference of hepatic and intestinal CYP3A4 in CYP3A-humanized mice generated by a human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector system. The CYP3A-humanized (CYP3AHAC) mice have essential regulatory regions, including promoters and enhancers, and unknown elements affecting the expression of CYP3A4...
November 17, 2017: Drug Metabolism Letters
Pier Luigi Calvo, Loredana Serpe, Andrea Brunati, Antonello Nonnato, Daniela Bongioanni, Dominic Dell' Olio, Michele Pinon, Carlo Ferretti, Francesco Tandoi, Giulia Carbonaro, Mauro Salizzoni, Antonio Amoroso, Renato Romagnoli, Roberto Canaparo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4/5 genotype in paediatric liver transplant recipients and donors, and the contribution of age and gender to tacrolimus disposition on the first day after transplantation. METHODS: The contribution of the CYP3A4/5 genotype in paediatric liver transplant recipients and donors to the tacrolimus blood trough concentrations (C0 ) and the tacrolimus concentration/weight-adjusted dose ratio on day 1 was evaluated in 67 liver-transplanted children: 33 boys and 34 girls, mean age 4...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Anthony J Senagore, Bradley J Champagne, Eslam Dosokey, Justin Brady, Scott R Steele, Harry L Reynolds, Sharon L Stein, Conor P Delaney
OBJECTIVE: Effective, narcotic sparing analgesia is a major component of Enhanced Recovery Protocols (ERP), however the risk of poor analgesia and opioid related side effects (ORADE) remains an issue related to poor outcomes and satisfaction, and is strongly related to the risk of narcotic dependence after surgery. A variety of genes can impact narcotic and non-steroidal (NSAID) drug efficacy including: the CYP family (drug metabolism-narcotics and NSAID), or COMT/ABCB1/OPRM1 (functional receptor and transport activity for analgesia vs side effects)...
March 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Beibei Shao, Yongcheng Ma, Qiaoyan Li, Yimeng Wang, Zunmin Zhu, Hongwei Zhao, Jun Sun, Lingfang Dong, Yingli Zhu, Ningmin Zhao, Yuhua Qin
1. Polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) is an important factor contributing to variability of voriconazole pharmacokinetics. Polymorphisms of CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP2C9 and non-genetic factors such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), transaminase levels, concomitant medications might also affect voriconazole initial steady serum trough concentration (VICmin) in haematological patients, but the effects were not clear. 2. Eighteen single-nucleotide polymorphisms in CYP2C19, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP2C9 were genotyped...
December 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Yuan Wang, Xiuling Li, Yaoyu Gao, Zhi Li, Lidong Yu, Qingbo Meng, Li Sun, Jianzhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Steroid therapy has been an important reason of nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Steroids are metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P4503A, a low endogenous activity of this enzyme can contribute to the pathogenesis of ONFH. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of polymorphisms of cytochrome P4503A4 (CYP3A4) gene with steroid-induced ONFH in Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 150 steroid-induced ONFH patients and 250 healthy controls were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joseph Finkelstein, Carol Friedman, George Hripcsak, Manuel Cabrera
Pharmacogenetic testing identifies genetic biomarkers that are predictive of individual sensitivity to particular drugs. A significant proportion of medications that are widely prescribed for older adults are metabolized by enzymes that are encoded by highly polymorphic genes. Pharmacogenetic testing is increasingly used to optimize the medication regimen; however, its potential in older adults with polypharmacy has not been systematically explored. Following the initial case-series study, this study hypothesized that frequently hospitalized older adults with polypharmacy have higher frequency of pharmacogenetic polymorphism as compared to older adults with polypharmacy who are rarely admitted to a hospital...
2016: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
Evelien J M Kuip, Maarten L Zandvliet, Stijn L W Koolen, Ron H J Mathijssen, Carin C D van der Rijt
Fentanyl is a strong opioid that is available for various administration routes, and which is widely used to treat cancer-related pain. Many factors influence the fentanyl pharmacokinetics leading to a wide inter- and intrapatient variability. This systematic review summarizes multiple studied factors that potentially influence fentanyl pharmacokinetics with a focus on implications for cancer patients. The use of CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers, impaired liver function, and heating of the patch potentially influence fentanyl pharmacokinetics in a clinically relevant way...
February 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
V Lamba, B Jia, F Liang
INTRODUCTION: STAT5A and STAT5B are important transcription factors that play a key role in regulation of several important physiological processes including proliferation, survival, mediation of responses to cytokines and in regulating gender differences in drug response genes such as the hepatic cytochrome P450s (CYPs) that are responsible for a large majority of drug metabolism reactions in the human body. STAT5A and STAT5b have a high degree of sequence homology and have been reported to have largely similar functions...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Manuela Graziani, Robert Nisticò
Several data gathered in the last decade indicate an increase of abuse of prescription opioid drugs oxycodone (OXY) and hydrocodone (HYDRO) in women. However, to date there are no conclusive evidences investigating the gender-dependent abuse liability of prescription opioids. This study aims to supply a specific focus on women's data through a selective summary of the literature analyzing gender differences in the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic dimension of OXY and HYDRO. Findings from this study suggest that the majority of OXY and HYDRO pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects do not differ according to gender, though confirming a significant difference in the incidence of adverse effects as demonstrated by the increased gastrointestinal adverse reactions in female subjects...
June 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Lisa Schmölz, Marc Birringer, Stefan Lorkowski, Maria Wallert
Bioavailability of vitamin E is influenced by several factors, most are highlighted in this review. While gender, age and genetic constitution influence vitamin E bioavailability but cannot be modified, life-style and intake of vitamin E can be. Numerous factors must be taken into account however, i.e., when vitamin E is orally administrated, the food matrix may contain competing nutrients. The complex metabolic processes comprise intestinal absorption, vascular transport, hepatic sorting by intracellular binding proteins, such as the significant α-tocopherol-transfer protein, and hepatic metabolism...
February 26, 2016: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
Xi Luo, Li-jun Zhu, Ning-fang Cai, Li-yun Zheng, Ze-neng Cheng
AIM: To examine how the endogenous CYP3A4 phenotype and CYP3A5(*)3 genotype of Chinese renal transplant recipients influenced the dose-corrected trough concentration (C0/D) and weight-corrected daily dose (D/W) of tacrolimus. METHODS: A total of 101 medically stable kidney transplant recipients were enrolled, and their blood and urine samples were gathered. The endogenous CYP3A4 phenotype was assessed by the ratio of 6β-hydroxycortisol and 6β-hydroxycortisone to cortisol and cortisone in urine...
April 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Dorota Danielak, Marta Karaźniewicz-Łada, Karolina Wiśniewska, Piotr Bergus, Paweł Burchardt, Anna Komosa, Franciszek Główka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Resistance to the antiplatelet treatment with clopidogrel has both genetic and non-genetic causes. Polymorphic variants of cytochrome P450 3A4 isoenzyme involved in the bioactivation of clopidogrel might have an influence on responsiveness to the drug. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of CYP3A4*1G (IVS10+12G>A, rs2242480) on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of clopidogrel. METHODS: CYP3A4*1G polymorphism was determined in a group of 82 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and taking 75 mg of clopidogrel daily...
February 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Yi-Chun Wang, Tsung-Cheng Hsieh, Chu-Lin Chou, Jung-Lun Wu, Te-Chao Fang
Some statins (simvastatin, lovastatin, and atorvastatin) are metabolized by cytochrome P450s 3A4 (CYP3A4). Inhibitors of CYP3A4 including some calcium channel blockers (CCBs) might increase statin blood concentration, owing to drug-drug interactions. Risk of adverse events such as acute kidney injury might occur following the coprescription of CYP3A4-metabolized statins and CCBs that inhibit CYP3A4.This was a population-based cohort study. The study analyzed data of patients treated between 1997 and 2011, retrieved from Taiwan's National Health Insurance database...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Philip N Patsalos, Marilia Gougoulaki, Josemir W Sander
BACKGROUND: Perampanel (PMP), a noncompetitive α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) glutamate receptor antagonist, is a novel anti-epileptic drug (AED) licensed for the adjunctive treatment of focal and generalized epilepsy. There is limited information on PMP's pharmacokinetics and drug interaction characteristics with concomitant AEDs. We have investigated the effects of PMP dose, age, sex, and coprescribed AEDs on serum PMP concentrations. METHODS: We used the database of a therapeutic drug monitoring unit at a tertiary epilepsy referral center to identify patients who had PMP as part of their treatment and extracted clinical information from their medical notes...
June 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Weiwei Zhou, Guangyu An, Yuan Jian, Huan Guo, Wenming Chen
Bortezomib is used to treat patients with multiple myeloma. It is primarily metabolized by the enzyme cytochrome P450 (CYP). Variations in the capacity of bortezomib metabolism affect the treatment outcomes and the side-effects experienced by patients. In the present study, polymorphisms in the CYP3A4 and CYP2C19 genes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction in 56 newly-diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma. The polymorphisms analyzed included the c.681G>A, c.636G>A and c.-806C>T polymorphisms of CYP2C19...
August 2015: Oncology Letters
Jing-Jing Yuan, Jun-Kai Hou, Wei Zhang, Yan-Zi Chang, Zhi-Song Li, Zong-Yu Wang, Ying-Ying Du, Xiao-Jing Ma, Li-Rong Zhang, Quan-Cheng Kan, Keith A Candiotti
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether CYP3A4*1G genetic polymorphism influences the metabolism of fentanyl in human liver microsomes in Chinese patients. METHODS: The human liver microsomes were obtained from 88 hepatobiliary surgery patients who accepted liver resection surgery in this study. A normal liver sample (confirmed by the Department of Pathology) was taken from the outer edge of the resected tissue. The metabolism of fentanyl in human liver microsomes was studied...
2015: Pharmacology
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