Read by QxMD icon Read


Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
September 4, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Mair Underwood
BACKGROUND: As a result of the mainstreaming of bodybuilding, the majority of image and performance enhancing drug (IPED) users are now not athletes or competitive bodybuilders, but recreational bodybuilders. Previous approaches provide little insight into how the shift from competitive to recreational contexts impacts the use of IPEDs. METHODS: In this study an online ethnographic approach is used to explore the social lives of IPEDs in a recreational context. The study focusses on the Zyzz fandom, an international online community of thousands of recreational bodybuilders who idolise the alleged IPED user Zyzz...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Jonathan Hoffman, C Philip Gabel
Background: Over recent decades, mind-body exercise methods have gained international popularity and importance in the management of musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives: The scope of this paper was to investigate: the origins of Western mind-body methods, their philosophies, exercises, and relationship with mainstream healthcare over the last two centuries. Major findings: Within a few decades of the turn of the 20th century, a cluster of mind-body exercise methods emerged from at least six pioneering founders: Checkley, Müller, Alexander, Randell, Pilates, and Morris...
November 2, 2015: Physical Therapy Reviews: PTR
Victor Navarro, Ikhlas Khan, Einar Björnsson, Leonard B Seeff, Jose Serrano, Jay H Hoofnagle
Herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) are used increasingly both in the United States and worldwide and HDS induced liver injury in the U.S. has increased proportionally. Current challenges in the diagnosis and management of HDS-induced liver injury were the focus of a 2-day research symposium sponsored by the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease and the National Institutes of Health. HDS-induced liver injury now accounts for 20% of cases of hepatotoxicity in the United States based on research data...
September 27, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Mohammad Rohani, Shahnaz Miri, Alireza Rezai-Ashtiani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Zbidi Sana, Badrane Zinoubi, Omar Hammouda, Henry Vandewalle, Virgile Serrau, Tarak Driss
BACKGROUND: The effects of a six-week maximal voluntary isometric co-contraction (MIVCC) training program of the elbow flexor and extensor muscles on maximal and explosive muscle strength have been studied. METHODS: Ten active men underwent 6-week MIVCC. Maximal rate of force development (MRFD) of the elbow flexor (MRFDflex) and extensor (MRFDext) were measured in addition to maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of these muscles (MVCflex and MVCext) before (T0), after 4-week (T1) and 6-week (T2) MIVCC training program...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Katinka van de Ven, Kyle J D Mulrooney
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the understudied phenomenon of performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) markets by examining the structure and formation of the market for PIEDs among bodybuilders in the Netherlands and Belgium. This article specifically seeks to account for individual reasons and motivations for dealing PIEDs within these bodybuilding subcultures. Understanding illicit PIED markets is important for policy decisions as knowledge on the production and distribution of these substances may assist in designing law enforcement efforts, harm reduction initiatives and treatment options...
August 26, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Raffi Topakian, Karl Stieglbauer, Thomas Wolfsegger, Robert Pichler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Lachlan Mitchell, Stephen Cobley, Daniel Hackett, Janelle Gifford, Louise Capling, Stuart Murray, Helen O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
(no author information available yet)
1 Staff nurse Sammy Christie swapped ward rounds at Swansea's Morriston Hospital for flexing her muscles to win her first bodybuilding competition. Her victory at the Physical Culture Association's Welsh Championships was all the more impressive as she only took up the sport 18 months ago. Read more
June 22, 2016: Nursing Standard
Silvio Tafuri, Angela Notarnicola, Antonello Monno, Francesco Ferretti, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: even if CrossFit training programs accounted actually more than 7500 gyms affiliated in the USA and more than 2000 in Europe and involved today more than 1 million of people, actually there were not several studies about the effect of the CrossFit on the health and sport performance. The aim of these research was to evaluate the performance in 7 fundamental movement patterns using a standardized methods, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). METHODS: we enrolled three groups of athletes (age 17-40 years; >6 months of training programs): CrossFitters, body builders and professional weightlifters...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Helene S Hvid-Jensen, Finn Rasmussen, Elisabeth Bendstrup
Numerous adverse effects follow anabolic agent abuse. Pulmonary hemorrhage is not considered one of them. We present two cases of young male bodybuilders who developed diffuse alveolar bleeding as a result of anabolic steroid abuse. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage associated with anabolic agent abuse has not been described previously in the literature. Both patients developed acute dyspnea and hemoptysis with consistent radiological findings. In both cases symptoms promptly resolved with cessation of exposure and no medical intervention was required and no signs of persistent lung damage were seen...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Justin W L Keogh, Paul W Winwood
BACKGROUND: Weight-training sports, including weightlifting, powerlifting, bodybuilding, strongman, Highland Games, and CrossFit, are weight-training sports that have separate divisions for males and females of a variety of ages, competitive standards, and bodyweight classes. These sports may be considered dangerous because of the heavy loads commonly used in training and competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the injury epidemiology of these weight-training sports, and, where possible, gain some insight into whether this may be affected by age, sex, competitive standard, and bodyweight class...
June 21, 2016: Sports Medicine
Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B Murray, Stephen Cobley, Daniel Hackett, Janelle Gifford, Louise Capling, Helen O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is associated with a self-perceived lack of size and muscularity, and is characterized by a preoccupation with and pursuit of a hyper-mesomorphic body. MD symptoms may hypothetically be more prevalent in bodybuilders (BBs) than in non-bodybuilder resistance trainers (NBBRTs). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare MD symptomatology in BBs versus NBBRTs and identify psychological and other characteristics associated with MD in these groups...
May 31, 2016: Sports Medicine
Ertan Sonmez, Kenan Ahmet Turkdogan, Cahit Yilmaz, Sitki Kucukbuzcu, Abuzer Ozkan, Ozgur Sogutt
INTRODUCTION: It has been argued in current studies that anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are misused by a great number of bodybuilders and athletes. However, there is diverse and often conflicting scientific data on the cardiac and metabolic complications caused by the misuse of AAS. There may be various reasons for myocardial infarction (MI) with normal coronary arteries. However, for the majority of patients, the exact cause is still unknown. CASE REPORT: A 32 year-old male who was complaining about severe chest pain was admitted to our emergency department...
March 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
L da Cunha Menezes Souza, L A da Cruz, E de Moraes Marcílio Cerqueira, Jrc Meireles
The use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has grown among practitioners of recreational bodybuilding, with significant contributions of designer steroids, aiming muscle hypertrophy in healthy subjects. The abusive use of AAS in general is associated with adverse effects; one of the most worrisome is cancer development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the cytokinesis block micronucleus (CBMN) test in human lymphocytes in identifying risk groups for cancer development in users of AAS...
May 18, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Colin Yl Woon, Kushal R Patel, Benjamin A Goldberg
Gluteal compartment syndrome (GCS) is a rare condition. We present a case of gluteal muscle strain with hematoma formation, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) superinfection, leading to acute GCS, rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury. This combination of diagnoses has not been reported in the literature. A 36-year-old Caucasian male presented with buttock pain, swelling and fever after lifting weights. Gluteal compartment pressure was markedly elevated compared with the contralateral side...
May 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Georgios A Christou, Konstantinos A Christou, Dimitrios N Nikas, John A Goudevenos
We describe a case report of a 30-year-old bodybuilder suffering acute myocardial infarction (AMI). He had been taking stanozolol and testosterone for two months. The coronary angiogram showed high thrombotic burden in the left anterior descending artery without underlying atherosclerosis. Few case reports of AMI in athletes taking anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) have been reported so far. AAS-related AMI is possibly underreported in the medical literature due to the desire of the affected individuals to hide AAS use...
May 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Tomasz Gołębiowski, Krzysztof Letachowicz, Waldemar Letachowicz, Mariusz Kusztal, Maciej Kanafa, Wacław Weyde, Marian Klinger
Urgent hemodialysis (HD) in patients with uremia is usually performed using a central vein catheter unless an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) was created in the predialysis period. We present a unique approach, in a patient in whom the first two HD sessions were conducted without implantation of a catheter or AVF. The perfectly developed peripheral veins of a professional bodybuilder served as vascular access allowing catheter insertion to be avoided. The aim of this short case report is to recall a forgotten method for performing urgent HD in patients without a fistula, but with suitably enlarged superficial veins...
May 10, 2016: Hemodialysis International
Doaa A Ali, Hassan I H El-Sayyad, Osama A Moftah, Phil D Chilibeck
OBJECTIVE: Athletes and bodybuilders consume high-protein supplements to obtain energy and enhance the development and strength of their muscles. Over time, different investigations have revealed dysfunctions of their body organs. There are contradictions among scientists concerning the benefits and the alarm of developing body dysfunction. The aim of this study was to illustrate the effects on consumption of two anabolic protein supplements on body weight and structure and function of hepatocytes in male albino Wistar rats...
July 2016: Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"