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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#1
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931576/partnerships-for-global-child-health
#2
REVIEW
Andrew P Steenhoff, Heather L Crouse, Heather Lukolyo, Charles P Larson, Cynthia Howard, Loeto Mazhani, Suzinne Pak-Gorstein, Michelle L Niescierenko, Philippa Musoke, Roseda Marshall, Miguel A Soto, Sabrina M Butteris, Maneesh Batra
Child mortality remains a global health challenge and has resulted in demand for expanding the global child health (GCH) workforce over the last 3 decades. Institutional partnerships are the cornerstone of sustainable education, research, clinical service, and advocacy for GCH. When successful, partnerships can become self-sustaining and support development of much-needed training programs in resource-constrained settings. Conversely, poorly conceptualized, constructed, or maintained partnerships may inadvertently contribute to the deterioration of health systems...
September 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931388/progress-and-outcomes-of-health-systems-reform-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-systematic-review
#3
Erik Koornneef, Paul Robben, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government aspires to build a world class health system to improve the quality of healthcare and the health outcomes for its population. To achieve this it has implemented extensive health system reforms in the past 10 years. The nature, extent and success of these reforms has not recently been comprehensively reviewed. In this paper we review the progress and outcomes of health systems reform in the UAE. METHODS: We searched relevant databases and other sources to identify published and unpublished studies and other data available between 01 January 2002 and 31 March 2016...
September 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#4
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#5
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915072/parent-driven-campaign-videos-an-analysis-of-the-motivation-and-affect-of-videos-created-by-parents-of-children-with-complex-healthcare-needs
#7
Bernie Carter, Lucy Bray, Paula Keating, Catherine Wilkinson
Caring for a child with complex health care needs places additional stress and time demands on parents. Parents often turn to their peers to share their experiences, gain support, and lobby for change; increasingly this is done through social media. The WellChild #notanurse_but is a parent-driven campaign that states its aim is to "shine a light" on the care parents, who are not nurses, have to undertake for their child with complex health care needs and to raise decision-makers' awareness of the gaps in service provision and support...
September 15, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906576/families-living-with-parental-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-of-family-interventions
#8
M Afzelius, L Plantin, M Östman
INTRODUCTION: Although research has shown that evidence-based family interventions in research settings improve the communication and understanding of parental mental illness, there is a lack of knowledge about interventions in an everyday clinical context. AIM: This study explores how families with parental mental illness experience family interventions in a natural clinical context in psychiatric services. METHOD: Five families with children aged 10-12 were recruited from psychiatric services in southern Sweden and interviewed in a manner inspired by naturalistic inquiry and content analysis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898327/-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-health-care-services-for-adolescents-with-chronic-diseases-recommendations-from-the-adolescent-branch-from-sociedad-chilena-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a
#10
Tamara Zubarew, Loreto Correa, Paula Bedregal, Carolina Besoain, Alejandro Reinoso, Macarena Velarde, María Teresa Valenzuela, Carolina Inostroza
The Adolescent Branch from Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría supports the implementation of planned programs for transition from child to adult health centers, oriented to adolescents with chronic diseases, in order to ensure an appropriate follow-up and a high-quality health care. Recommendations for care are set out in the FONIS and VRI PUC project carried out by the Division of Pediatrics of the Universidad Católica de Chile: “Transition process from pediatric to adult services: perspectives of adolescents with chronic diseases, caregivers and health professionals”, whose goal was to describe the experience, barriers, critical points, and facilitators in the transition process...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893755/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-online-menu-planning-intervention-to-improve-childcare-service-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-a-study-protocol
#11
Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, John Wiggers, Victoria Flood, Chris Rissel, Meghan Finch, Andrew Searles, David Salajan, Ruby O'Rourke, Jaqueline Daly, Karen Gilham, Fiona Stacey, Alison Fielding, Nicole Pond, Rebecca Wyse, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of dietary guidelines in childcare settings is recommended to improve child public health nutrition. However, foods provided in childcare services are not consistent with guidelines. The primary aim of the trial is to assess the effectiveness of a web-based menu planning intervention in increasing the mean number of food groups on childcare service menus that comply with dietary guidelines regarding food provision to children in care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A parallel group randomised controlled trial will be undertaken with 54 childcare services that provide food to children within New South Wales, Australia...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891940/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-vulnerability-psychosocial-services-and-social-service-spending-on-family-reunification-a-multilevel-longitudinal-analysis
#12
Tonino Esposito, Ashleigh Delaye, Martin Chabot, Nico Trocmé, David Rothwell, Sonia Hélie, Marie-Joelle Robichaud
Socio-environmental factors such as poverty, psychosocial services, and social services spending all could influence the challenges faced by vulnerable families. This paper examines the extent to which socioeconomic vulnerability, psychosocial service consultations, and preventative social services spending impacts the reunification for children placed in out-of-home care. This study uses a multilevel longitudinal research design that draws data from three sources: (1) longitudinal administrative data from Quebec's child protection agencies; (2) 2006 and 2011 Canadian Census data; and, (3) intra-province health and social services data...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886504/experiences-of-service-users-involved-in-recruitment-for-nursing-courses-a-phenomenological-research-study
#13
Katie Stevens, Cathy Bernal, Kate Devis, Andrew Southgate
The aim of this study was to gain insight into service users' experiences of participating in recruitment for Adult, Mental Health and Child nursing studies at the authors' university; to establish potential motivations behind such participation; and to make suggestions for improved future practice. The involvement of service users in nurse education and recruitment has for some years been required by the Nursing and Midwifery Council, but there is a dearth of publications on the meaning of that involvement to participating service users...
August 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885949/assessing-military-community-support-relations-among-perceived-military-community-support-child-psychosocial-adjustment-and-parent-psychosocial-adjustment
#14
Allison M Conforte, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Shank, Jeffrey Quinlan, Mark B Stephens, Tracy Sbrocco, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
INTRODUCTION: The emotional, cognitive, and behavioral health of the nearly two million children of military service members in the United States is important as these children play an integral role in the operational readiness of the armed forces. For example, when a service member's child experiences psychosocial difficulties, these difficulties often impact the service member's personal well-being and ability to focus at work, impairing the service member's ability to focus on the mission...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882101/perceptions-about-the-cultural-practices-of-male-partners-during-postpartum-care-in-rural-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#15
Gladys Reuben Mahiti, Columba K Mbekenga, Angwara Dennis Kiwara, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Men play an important role in maternal health. The postpartum period is a critical stage, yet there is a scarcity of research that explores men's involvement during this stage. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore male partners' perceptions of the cultural practices during postpartum care in rural Tanzania. METHODS: Fourteen focus group discussions were conducted with 93 men, with an age range of 19-65 years, in August 2013...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877650/understanding-allied-health-practitioners-use-of-evidence-based-assessments-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Bridget O'Connor, Claire Kerr, Nora Shields, Christine Imms
PURPOSE: Evidence-based assessments for children with cerebral palsy are not widely used by healthcare professionals in day-to-day practice. This study aimed to examine allied health practitioner experiences, perceptions, and use of assessments for children with cerebral palsy. METHOD: A mixed methods study was conducted in two rehabilitation organisations. Three focus group interviews explored therapists' assessment experiences with data analysed using interpretive description...
September 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876494/what-proportion-of-paediatric-specialist-referrals-originates-from-general-practitioners
#17
Marina Kunin, Erin Turbitt, Sarah A Gafforini, Lena A Sanci, Neil A Spike, Gary L Freed
AIM: To determine (i) the proportion of different referral sources for new referrals to paediatric specialist outpatient clinics and (ii) any association of referral source with utilisation of additional health services. METHODS: Survey of parents presenting with their child at five paediatric specialist outpatient clinics at two Melbourne public hospitals. RESULTS: Just over half (52%) of the respondents were referred by a general practitioner (GP)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870180/awareness-attitudes-and-perceptions-regarding-hiv-and-pmtct-amongst-pregnant-women-in-guinea-bissau-a-qualitative-study
#18
Noel Vieira, Dlama Nggida Rasmussen, Inês Oliveira, Aureliano Gomes, Peter Aaby, Christian Wejse, Morten Sodemann, Lucy Reynolds, Holger W Unger
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major cause of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) strategies have proven effective in decreasing the number of children infected in utero, intrapartum and during the breastfeeding period. This qualitative study explores knowledge and perceptions of HIV amongst pregnant women, healthcare workers' experiences of the national PMTCT services, and barriers to PMTCT, during a period of programme scale-up in urban Guinea-Bissau (2010-11)...
September 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867425/the-association-between-substantiated-childhood-maltreatment-asthma-and-lung-function-a-prospective-investigation
#19
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Sadasivam Suresh, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Asthma reflects multiple and likely complex causal pathways. We investigate the possibility that childhood maltreatment is one such causal pathway. Childhood maltreatment can be interpreted as a form of early life adversity and like other life adversities may predict a range of negative health outcomes, including asthma. METHODS: A total of 3762 young adults (52.63% female) from the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) participated in this study...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865659/prioritizing-possibilities-for-child-and-family-health-an-agenda-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-foster-the-social-and-emotional-roots-of-well-being-in-pediatrics
#20
Christina D Bethell, Michele R Solloway, Stephanie Guinosso, Sandra Hassink, Aditi Srivastav, David Ford, Lisa A Simpson
OBJECTIVE: A convergence of theoretical and empirical evidence across many scientific disciplines reveals unprecedented possibilities to advance much needed improvements in child and family well-being by addressing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), promoting resilience, and fostering nurturance and the social and emotional roots of healthy child development and lifelong health. In this article we synthesize recommendations from a structured, multiyear field-building and research, policy, and practice agenda setting process to address these issues in children's health services...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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