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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528694/factors-influencing-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-to-conceptualize-a-relevant-education-program
#1
REVIEW
Maxime Morsa, Rémi Gagnayre, Carole Deccache, Pierre Lombrail
OBJECTIVE: To give a comprehensive overview of the factors that influence the transition from pediatric services to adult care, and to conceptualize a relevant education program. METHOD: An evaluation grid was used to analyze the literature and classify factors depending on whether they were related to the patients, to the health care organization, to health care personnel, to the interaction between medical staff and patient, or to the illness and its treatment...
May 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527657/clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-treatment-of-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Cathy Creswell, Mara Violato, Hannah Fairbanks, Elizabeth White, Monika Parkinson, Gemma Abitabile, Alessandro Leidi, Peter J Cooper
BACKGROUND: Half of all lifetime anxiety disorders emerge before age 12 years; however, access to evidence-based psychological therapies for affected children is poor. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of two brief psychological treatments for children with anxiety referred to routine child mental health settings. We hypothesised that brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) would be associated with better clinical outcomes than solution-focused brief therapy and would be cost-effective...
May 17, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#3
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#4
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521740/going-to-scale-design-and-implementation-challenges-of-a-program-to-increase-access-to-skilled-birth-attendants-in-nigeria
#5
Edward N Okeke, Emma Pitchforth, Josephine Exley, Peter Glick, Isa Sadeeq Abubakar, Amalavoyal V Chari, Usman Bashir, Kun Gu, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The lack of availability of skilled providers in low- and middle- income countries is considered to be an important barrier to achieving reductions in maternal and child mortality. However, there is limited research on programs increasing the availability of skilled birth attendants in developing countries. We study the implementation of the Nigeria Midwives Service Scheme, a government program that recruited and deployed nearly 2,500 midwives to rural primary health care facilities across Nigeria in 2010...
May 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515196/cost-effectiveness-of-therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Fabian Lenhard, Richard Ssegonja, Erik Andersson, Inna Feldman, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols, Eva Serlachius
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a therapist-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) intervention for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared with untreated patients on a waitlist. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A research clinic within the regular child and adolescent mental health service in Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven adolescents (12-17 years) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition diagnosis of OCD...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514804/-changes-in-the-use-of-health-insurance-services-before-and-after-a-father-child-measure
#7
Felix Barre, Jelena Epping
Introduction Since 2002 inpatient preventive and rehabilitative measures for fathers and their children (F-C-M) are available in the German health system (§§ 24 and 41 SGB V). So far there is no data on health disorders of the fathers in F-C-M. The aim of this study is to examine whether participants of F-C-M are more prone to health problems than fathers who are not participating in F-C-M and whether participation in F-C-M contributes to improved health. To do so, the change in the use of outpatient care services is examined and compared to the use of mentioned services by fathers who are not participating in an F-C-M...
May 17, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508674/psychosocial-screening-and-monitoring-for-children-in-foster-care-psychometric-properties-of-the-brief-assessment-checklist-in-a-dutch-population-study
#8
Anouk Goemans, Michael Tarren-Sweeney, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
Children in foster care experience higher levels and rates of psychosocial difficulties than children from the general population. Governments and child welfare services have a responsibility to identify those children in care who have need for therapeutic services. This can be achieved through systematic screening and monitoring of psychosocial difficulties among all children in foster care. However, general screening and assessment measures such as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) might not adequately screen for the range of difficulties experienced by foster children...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508255/psychosocial-patient-reported-outcomes-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-a-review-and-case-example
#9
REVIEW
Sarah D Corathers, Constance A Mara, Pavan K Chundi, Jessica C Kichler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to define psychosocial patient-reported outcomes (PROs) relevant to pediatric and adolescent diabetes populations. Potential domains for PROs include a spectrum of emotional, behavioral, social, physical, overall health, and/or care management areas. A literature review of potential PRO measures, selection criteria, and implementation strategies including a case example will be presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Among the pediatric, adolescent, and emerging adult populations, research indicates a relative higher risk for distress, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders as compared to peers without diabetes...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504307/family-based-promotion-of-mental-health-in-children-affected-by-hiv-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Theresa S Betancourt, Lauren C Ng, Catherine M Kirk, Robert T Brennan, William R Beardslee, Sara Stulac, Christine Mushashi, Estella Nduwimana, Sylvere Mukunzi, Beatha Nyirandagijimana, Godfrey Kalisa, Cyamatare F Rwabukwisi, Vincent Sezibera
BACKGROUND: Children affected by HIV are at risk for poor mental health. We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Family Strengthening Intervention (FSI-HIV), a family home-visiting intervention to promote mental health and improve parent-child relationships in families with caregivers living with HIV, hypothesizing that child and family outcomes would be superior to usual care social work services. METHODS: Eighty two families (N = 170 children, 48...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504060/responding-to-the-support-needs-of-frontline-public-health-nurses-who-work-with-vulnerable-families-and-children-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jackie Austin, Stephanie Holt
BACKGROUND: This paper reports on a research study to inform the development of a specialist role designed to lead and support front line public health nurses (PHNs) working with vulnerable families and at risk children in Ireland. PHNs in Ireland provide a programme of intervention that promotes optimum health and wellbeing for all children in their early years under the governance of the Health Service Executive. This universal access places the PHN as a central participant in the safeguarding of young children, particularly those working in disadvantaged communities where frequent exposure to difficult situations is a common factor...
May 13, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498195/building-health-system-capacity-through-implementation-research-experience-of-inspire-a-multi-country-pmtct-implementation-research-project
#13
Morkor Newman Owiredu, Nita B Bellare, Christine C Chakanyuka Musanhu, Taiwo A Oyelade, Ellen M Thom, Francoise Bigirimana, Chukwuma Anyaike, Michael T Eliya, Angela Mushavi, Eugene A Nyarko, David O Okello, Felicitas R Zawaira
BACKGROUND: The INSPIRE-Integrating and Scaling Up PMTCT through Implementation REsearch-initiative was established as a model partnership of national prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) implementation research in 3 high HIV burden countries-Malawi, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe. INSPIRE aimed to link local research groups with Ministries of Health (MOH), build local research capacity, and demonstrate that implementation research may contribute to improving health care delivery and respond to program challenges...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498193/the-roles-of-expert-mothers-engaged-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-programs-a-commentary-on-the-inspire-studies-in-malawi-nigeria-and-zimbabwe
#14
Fabian Cataldo, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Sam Phiri, Bridget Shumba, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Geoff Foster
INTRODUCTION: Several initiatives aiming to improve retention and adherence in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs include "expert mothers" (EMs) as a central tenet of their interventions. This article compares the role of EMs in 3 implementation research studies examining approaches for improving retention in care among mothers living with HIV. METHODS: We compared and synthesized qualitative data and lessons learned from 3 studies (MoMent in Nigeria, PURE in Malawi, and EPAZ in Zimbabwe) with respect to the involvement of EMs in supporting PMTCT clients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498180/beyond-option-b-understanding-antiretroviral-therapy-art-adherence-retention-in-care-and-engagement-in-art-services-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-initiating-therapy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Landon Myer, Tamsin K Phillips
BACKGROUND: Several studies from sub-Saharan Africa have highlighted significant challenges in providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to pregnant and postpartum women, with specific concerns around maintaining optimal levels of adherence to ART and/or retaining women in long-term services. However, there are few conceptual frameworks to help understand nonadherence and nonretention, as well as the drivers of these, among HIV-infected women, particularly in the postpartum period. METHODS: This review provides an overview of the key issues involved in thinking about ART adherence, retention in care and engagement in ART services among pregnant and postpartum women...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496286/mental-health-interventions-for-children-in-foster-care-a-systematic-review
#16
Erin P Hambrick, Shani Oppenheim-Weller, Amanda M N'zi, Heather N Taussig
Children in foster care have high rates of adverse childhood experiences and are at risk for mental health problems. These problems can be difficult to ameliorate, creating a need for rigorous intervention research. Previous research suggests that intervening with children in foster care can be challenging for several reasons, including the severity and complexity of their mental health problems, and challenges engaging this often transitory population in mental health services. The goal of this article was to systematically review the intervention research that has been conducted with children in foster care, and to identify future research directions...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#17
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475224/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-by-australian-children
#18
Jane E Frawley, Dennis Anheyer, Sandy Davidson, Debra Jackson
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among Australian children within the previous 12 months. METHODS: Parents with children up to the age of 18 years were recruited from online parenting groups. Questions addressed demographic factors, socio-economic status, conventional health service use, including vaccination status and use of CAM. RESULTS: A total of 149 parents responded to the study of which 73...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473004/the-attitudes-of-family-physicians-toward-a-child-with-delayed-growth-and-development
#19
Servet Aker, Mustafa Kürşat Şahin, Ömer Kınalı, Elif Şimşek Karadağ, Tuğba Korkmaz
Aim The purpose of this study was to assess the attitude of family physicians toward a child with delayed growth and development. BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare professionals play a key role in monitoring growth and development, the best indicator of the child's health status. If delayed growth and development can be detected early, then it is usually possible to restore functioning. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed in Samsun, Turkey, in May and June 2015...
May 5, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471762/development-of-a-smartphone-application-to-monitor-pediatric-patient-reported-outcomes
#20
Jingting Wang, Nengliang Aaron Yao, Yanyan Liu, Zhaohui Geng, Yuanyuan Wang, Nanping Shen, Xiaoyan Zhang, Min Shen, Changrong Yuan
Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly emphasized in clinical trials and population health studies. Our research team developed a smartphone app to track patient-reported outcomes of children with chronic diseases. The purpose of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome reporting app and evaluate its usability. A multidisciplinary research team including health services researchers, pediatric nurses, and software engineers worked collaboratively in developing the patient-reported outcome app and administration portal...
May 3, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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