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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#3
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#4
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196831/child-and-adolescent-mental-health-repeat-visits-to-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie L Leon, Paula Cloutier, Christine Polihronis, Roger Zemek, Amanda S Newton, Clare Gray, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVES: Repeat visits represent up to 45% of mental health (MH) presentations to emergency departments (EDs) and are associated with higher health care costs. We aimed to synthesize available literature on predictors of pediatric MH repeat ED visits and differences between repeat visitors and nonrepeat visitors. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PsycINFO, PubMed, and CINAHL databases. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement checklist...
February 14, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196790/screening-for-child-sexual-exploitation-in-online-sexual-health-services-an-exploratory-study-of-expert-views
#6
Victoria Spencer-Hughes, Jonathan Syred, Alison Allison, Gillian Holdsworth, Paula Baraitser
BACKGROUND: Sexual health services routinely screen for child sexual exploitation (CSE). Although sexual health services are increasingly provided online, there has been no research on the translation of the safeguarding function to online services. We studied expert practitioner views on safeguarding in this context. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to document expert practitioner views on safeguarding in the context of an online sexual health service. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with lead professionals purposively sampled from local, regional, or national organizations with a direct influence over CSE protocols, child protection policies, and sexual health services...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190570/rethinking-research-on-sexual-exploitation-of-boys-methodological-challenges-and-recommendations-to-optimize-future-knowledge-generation
#7
Katherine Mitchell, Melissa Moynihan, Claire Pitcher, Annabel Francis, Abigail English, Elizabeth Saewyc
Research and policies on child and adolescent sexual exploitation frequently focus on the sexual exploitation of girls and fail to recognize the experiences of sexually exploited boys, including their potentially unique health care and social support needs. This oversight limits the ability of health care and social service providers to offer both targeted and evidence informed care to sexually exploited boys. As a first step in a larger grant to understand the experiences of sexually exploited boys and to develop interventions for this specific population, we conducted a systematic review to address the question, "What is the state of the research on sexually exploited boys internationally?" As we undertook this review, we faced a number of significant challenges that made the process more difficult than anticipated...
February 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185598/how-is-perceived-community-cohesion-and-membership-in-community-groups-associated-with-children-s-dietary-adequacy-in-disadvantaged-communities-a-case-of-the-indian-sundarbans
#8
Debjani Barman, Lalitha Vadrevu
BACKGROUND: Membership in community groups and a sense of community cohesion may facilitate collective action in mobilizing resources towards better health outcomes. This paper explores the relationship of these factors, along with individual level socio-economic variables, to dietary adequacy among children below 6 years of age, a proximate determinant of child malnutrition. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Patharpratima block of the Sundarbans in West Bengal, India, using a two-stage, 30 cluster random sampling design...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185586/expressing-collective-voices-on-children-s-health-photovoice-exploration-with-mothers-of-young-children-from-the-indian-sundarbans
#9
Upasona Ghosh, Shibaji Bose, Rittika Bramhachari, Sabyasachi Mandal
BACKGROUND: The Indian Sundarbans is marked by inhospitable terrain and frequent climatic shocks which jointly hinder access to health care. Community members, and women in particular, have few means to communicate their concerns to local decision makers. Photovoice is one way in which communities can raise their local health challenges with decision makers. This study unlocks mothers' voices on the determinants of their children's health to inform local level decision-making on child health issues in the Indian Sundarbans...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185223/the-strengths-of-youth-in-a-public-behavioral-health-system-measurement-choices-prevalence-rates-and-group-differences
#10
Sarah Accomazzo, Valerie B Shapiro, Nathaniel Israel, B K Elizabeth Kim
Youth with severe emotional and behavioral problems receiving services in public behavioral health systems have strengths that are understudied in research and underutilized in practice. This study explores four alternative strategies (individual item scores, the number of "actionable" strengths, subscales, and a total composite) for summarizing the strengths of youth assessed with the Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) in a large, urban, public behavioral health system. The paper examines whether these summarization strategies produce divergent understandings of the prevalence of strengths across gender, age, and racial groups...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182474/parenting-as-a-focus-of-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-practice
#11
Andrea Reupert, Rhys Price-Robertson, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of this article was to systematically identify and review interventions that had incorporated parenting as a focus of recovery-orientated practice in adult mental health services. The second aim was to assess the strength of the extant evidence that including parenting as a focus of recovery practice was effective in terms of improving parent, child and family wellbeing. METHOD: An online search was conducted through Scopus, PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library, and the Australian Family & Society Abstracts, for articles published between 2006 and 2015...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178021/the-meanings-young-people-assign-to-living-with-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-in-managing-their-health-and-lives-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#12
Roberta L Woodgate, Corey Sigurdson, Lisa Demczuk, Pauline Tennent, Bernadine Wallis, Pamela Wener
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that less than 25% of young people in need of treatment for mental illness receive specialized services, and even fewer receive a diagnosis by their doctor. These findings are troubling given that living with a mental illness can have a significant impact on a young person's life, the lives of his/her family members, the young person's community and society generally. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the meanings young people assign to living with mental illness and their experiences in managing their health and lives...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174150/involving-children-with-cancer-in-health-promotive-research-a-case-study-describing-why-what-and-how
#13
Jens M Nygren, Susanne Lindberg, Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg
BACKGROUND: Participatory research approaches have been introduced to meet end-users' needs in the development of health promotion interventions among children. However, whereas children are increasingly involved as passive informants in particular parts of research, they are rarely involved as partners, equal to adult researchers, throughout the research process. This is especially prominent in the context of child health where the child is commonly considered to be vulnerable or when the research concerns sensitive situations...
February 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173897/exclusive-breast-feeding-promotion-among-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-an-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-based-pilot-intervention
#14
Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jennifer A Pellowski, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable, Jeffrey D Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) provides optimal nutrition for infants and mothers. The practice of EBF while adhering to antiretroviral medication decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from approximately 25 % to less than 5 %. Thus the WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months among HIV-infected women living in resource-limited settings; however, EBF rates remain low. In the present study our aim was to design and implement a pilot intervention promoting EBF among HIV-infected women...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173735/evaluation-of-the-essences-in-a-neurodevelopmental-inpatient-service-for-adolescents
#15
Ciara Glennon, Marilyn A Sher
Ward climate is a key element within psychiatric settings, associated with positive clinical outcomes. The Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) is a ward climate measure, which is validated for use within UK forensic settings. It has been studied within neurodevelopmental psychiatric inpatient settings with mixed findings on its appropriateness, and there is a dearth of EssenCES research which has been conducted within an adolescent psychiatric inpatient setting. The present study piloted the EssenCES within an inpatient psychiatric neurodevelopmental setting for adolescents in the East of England, in order to explore its usefulness within this setting and to provide preliminary normative data for a child and adolescent mental health services inpatient learning disability population...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#16
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143621/a-catalyst-for-system-change-a-case-study-of-child-health-network-formation-evolution-and-sustainability-in-canada
#17
Charmaine McPherson, Jenny Ploeg, Nancy Edwards, Donna Ciliska, Wendy Sword
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine key processes and supportive and inhibiting factors involved in the development, evolution, and sustainability of a child health network in rural Canada. This study contributes to a relatively new research agenda aimed at understanding inter-organizational and cross-sectoral health networks. These networks encourage collaboration focusing on complex issues impacting health - issues that individual agencies cannot effectively address alone...
February 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143516/important-factors-to-consider-when-treating-children-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-perspectives-of-health-professionals-from-specialist-services
#18
Roxanne M Parslow, Alison Shaw, Kirstie L Haywood, Esther Crawley
BACKGROUND: Paediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is relatively common and disabling. Improving treatment requires the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that enable clinicians and researchers to collect patient-centred evidence on outcomes. Health professionals are well placed to provide clinical insight into the condition, its treatment and possible outcomes. This study aimed to understand the perspectives of specialist paediatric CFS/ME health professionals and identify outcomes that are clinically important...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143513/utilization-of-institutional-delivery-service-and-associated-factors-in-bench-maji-zone-southwest-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Niguse Tadele, Tafesse Lamaro
BACKGROUND: At the end of Millennium development goals, Ethiopia was included among 10 countries which constitutes about 59% of maternal deaths due to complications of pregnancy and/or childbirth every year globally. Institutional delivery, which is believed to contribute in reduction of maternal mortality is still low. Hence this study was conducted in order to assess utilization of institutional delivery and related factors in Bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross sectional study was employed from September 1st - 30th, 2015 in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia where 765 mothers who deliver 2 years preceding the study provided data for this research...
February 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137707/impact-of-functional-somatic-symptoms-on-5-7-year-olds-healthcare-use-and-costs
#20
Troels Græsholt-Knudsen, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about childhood functional somatic symptoms (FSS) and healthcare costs is scarce. This study aims to assess whether FSS in children aged 5-7 years are associated with increased future primary healthcare. DESIGN: At baseline of the observational cohort study, between years 2005 and 2007, 1327 children from the Copenhagen Child Cohort were assessed at ages 5-7 years for FSS and chronic physical diseases using the Soma Assessment Interview...
January 30, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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