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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097428/goal-formulation-and-tracking-in-child-mental-health-settings-when-is-it-more-likely-and-is-it-associated-with-satisfaction-with-care
#1
Jenna Jacob, Davide De Francesco, Jessica Deighton, Duncan Law, Miranda Wolpert, Julian Edbrooke-Childs
Goal formulation and tracking may support preference-based care. Little is known about the likelihood of goal formulation and tracking and associations with care satisfaction. Logistic and Poisson stepwise regressions were performed on clinical data for N = 3757 children from 32 services in the UK (M age = 11; SDage = 3.75; most common clinician-reported presenting problem was emotional problems = 55.6%). Regarding the likelihood of goal formulation, it was more likely for pre-schoolers, those with learning difficulties or those with both hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder...
January 18, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095917/social-and-traditional-practices-and-their-implications-for-family-planning-a-participatory-ethnographic-study-in-renk-south-sudan
#2
Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Diarmuid O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Understanding what determines family size is crucial for programmes that aim to provide family planning services during and after conflicts. Recent research found that development agents in post conflict settings do not necessarily take time to understand the context adequately, translate their context understanding into programming, or adjust programming in the light of changes. South Sudan, a country that has been suffering from war for almost 50 years, has one of the highest maternal death rates and the lowest contraceptive utilization rates in the world...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#3
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092969/problem-internet-use-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-survey-of-health-literacy-among-psychiatrists-from-australia-and-new-zealand
#4
Pravin Dullur, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited on psychiatrists' opinions on the concepts of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We aimed to assess health literacy among psychiatrists on IGD/PIU. METHODS: A self-report survey was administered online to members of the Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) ( n=289). RESULTS: The majority (93.7%) were familiar with the concepts of IGD/PIU. The majority (78...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090740/the-impact-of-a-creative-play-intervention-on-satisfaction-with-nursing-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Emel Teksoz, Ibrahim Bilgin, Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse, Ayse Ferda Oscakci
PURPOSE: Hospitalisation can lead to distress for children. Creative play may reduce the adverse effects of hospitalisation on children, as it could lead to children associating satisfaction and fun with their hospital experience. The aim of the current study is to investigate the impact of a creative play intervention on service-care satisfaction measurements of children and their parents. DESIGN AND METHODS: A mixed-methods design consisting of quantitative pre/post-assessments and qualitative interviews was used within this study...
January 16, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#6
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#7
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#8
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064538/hiv-infection-among-children-and-adolescents-in-burundi-cameroon-and-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#9
Sue Napierala Mavedzenge, Jamie E Newman, Martin Nduwimana, Helene Bukuru, Pierre Kariyo, Théodore Niyongabo, Marcel Mbaya, Henri Mukumbi, Nelly Kamgaing, Marie-Thérèse Obama, Wilfred Akam, Joseph Atibu, Modeste Kiumbu, J Hemingway-Foday
Evidence demonstrates a substantial HIV epidemic among children and adolescents in countries with long-standing generalized HIV epidemics, where availability of prevention of mother-to-child transmission services has historically been limited. The objective of this research was to explore factors associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and morbidity among HIV-infected surviving children 2-17 years of age attending HIV programs in Central Africa. Programmatic data from 404 children attending HIV programs in Burundi, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were included in our evaluation...
January 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060211/service-delivery-in-the-healthcare-and-educational-systems-for-children-following-traumatic-brain-injury-gaps-in-care
#10
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Angela Ciccia, Jonathan Dodd, Deborah Ettel, Brad Kurowski, Angela Lumba-Brown, Stacy Suskauer
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of evidence and consensus-based description of healthcare and educational service delivery and related recommendations for children with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Literature review and group discussion of best practices in management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was performed to facilitate consensus-based recommendations from the American Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine's Pediatric and Adolescent Task Force on Brain Injury...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059054/randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-families-for-health-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-intervention-delivered-in-a-community-setting-for-ages-6-to-11-years
#11
Wendy Robertson, Joanna Fleming, Atiya Kamal, Thomas Hamborg, Kamran A Khan, Frances Griffiths, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Nigel Stallard, Stavros Petrou, Douglas Simkiss, Elizabeth Harrison, Sung Wook Kim, Margaret Thorogood
BACKGROUND: Effective programmes to help children manage their weight are required. 'Families for Health' focuses on a parenting approach, designed to help parents develop their parenting skills to support lifestyle change within the family. Families for Health version 1 showed sustained reductions in mean body mass index (BMI) z-score after 2 years in a pilot project. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in a randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#12
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032402/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-speech-and-language-therapists-public-health-practice-for-early-language-development
#13
REVIEW
Clare Smith, Emma Williams, Karen Bryan
BACKGROUND: There have been calls for speech and language therapists (SLTs) to work within a public-health framework to support language development. Innovative practice is reported, but the range of services remains unknown. Furthermore, the potential impact of public health practice in speech and language therapy on early child development is also currently unknown. A new method in SLT research, systematic scoping reviews enable greater breadth of focus than traditional systematic reviews when identifying innovative practice...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028203/development-of-a-pediatric-adverse-events-terminology
#14
Debbie S Gipson, Eric S Kirkendall, Brenda Gumbs-Petty, Theresa Quinn, A Steen, Amanda Hicks, Ann McMahon, Savian Nicholas, Anna Zhao-Wong, Perdita Taylor-Zapata, Mark Turner, Emily Herreshoff, Charlotte Jones, Jonathan M Davis, Margaret Haber, Steven Hirschfeld
In 2009, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Pediatric Terminology Harmonization Initiative to establish a core library of terms to facilitate the acquisition and sharing of knowledge between pediatric clinical research, practice, and safety reporting. A coalition of partners established a Pediatric Terminology Adverse Event Working Group in 2013 to develop a specific terminology relevant to international pediatric adverse event (AE) reporting...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003285/nairobi-newborn-study-a-protocol-for-an-observational-study-to-estimate-the-gaps-in-provision-and-quality-of-inpatient-newborn-care-in-nairobi-city-county-kenya
#15
Georgina A V Murphy, David Gathara, Jalemba Aluvaala, Jacintah Mwachiro, Nancy Abuya, Paul Ouma, Robert W Snow, Mike English
INTRODUCTION: Progress has been made in Kenya towards reducing child mortality as part of efforts aligned with the fourth Millennium Development Goal. However, little advancement has been made in reducing mortality among newborns, which now accounts for 45% of all child deaths. The frequently unanticipated nature of neonatal illness, its severity and the high dependency of sick newborns on skilled care make the provision of inpatient hospital services one key component of strategies to improve newborn survival...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003174/recruiting-pregnant-patients-for-survey-research-a-head-to-head-comparison-of-social-media-based-versus-clinic-based-approaches
#16
Lindsay Admon, Jessica K Haefner, Giselle E Kolenic, Tammy Chang, Matthew M Davis, Michelle H Moniz
BACKGROUND: Recruiting a diverse sample of pregnant women for clinical research is a challenging but crucial task for improving obstetric services and maternal and child health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the feasibility and cost of recruiting pregnant women for survey research using social media-based and clinic-based approaches. METHODS: Advertisements were used to recruit pregnant women from the social media website Facebook. In-person methods were used to recruit pregnant women from the outpatient clinic of a large, tertiary care center...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996316/developmental-coordination-disorder-plus-oculomotor-and-visuospatial-impairment-as-neurodevelopmental-heralds-of-psychosis-proneness
#17
Michele Poletti, Eva Gebhardt, Andrea Raballo
Aiming at preventing transitions to more severe psychopathology and boosted by the availability of operational criteria to identify help-seeking subjects at increased risk for psychosis, research into the early prodromal phases of psychosis is attracting a growing clinical interest. Furthermore, the focus of early detection is gradually shifting from prodromal syndromes to the premorbid period. Although mainly driven by clinical-pragatic aims, such a shift is coherent with the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia that might offer a unifying, developmentally informed conceptual framework for early detection...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#18
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992515/using-the-three-delays-model-to-examine-civil-registration-barriers-in-indonesia
#19
Cyril Bennouna, Brooke Feldman, Rahmadi Usman, Rama Adiputra, Santi Kusumaningrum, Lindsay Stark
The Three Delays Model has proven a useful framework for examining barriers to seeking obstetric care and preventing maternal and child mortality. This article demonstrates the applicability of the Three Delays Model to the case of civil registration in rural Indonesia and examines ways that efforts to strengthen civil registration services can draw on lessons from maternal and child health programming. Twenty focus group discussions were conducted using a participatory ranking exercise in four Indonesian districts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987413/intervention-recommendations-and-subsequent-access-to-services-following-clinical-assessment-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#20
Jacqueline Pei, Lauren Baugh, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) experience multiple difficulties requiring various interventions. Researchers have called for investigation into service use with respect to clinically recommended interventions. AIMS: To examine intervention recommendations for children with FASD/PAE and subsequent access to these recommended interventions. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Intervention recommendations following FASD assessment were examined for children (1-17 years)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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