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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#1
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#2
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768610/factors-associated-with-the-utilization-of-dental-health-services-by-the-pediatric-population-an-integrative-review
#3
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760769/family-assessment-conversations-as-a-tool-to-support-families-affected-by-parental-mental-illness-a-retrospective-review-of-electronic-patient-journals
#4
Camilla Lauritzen, Anne Berit Kolmannskog, Anette Christine Iversen
Background: Previous research has shown a link between parental mental illness and adverse development in their offspring. In Norway, it is mandatory for health professionals to identify if patients in adult mental health services have children, and subsequently to provide support for the children. An important tool to detect if families are affected by parental mental illness and to assess if there is a need for further intervention is the Family Assessment Conversation. Family Assessment Conversations is potentially a powerful tool for communication with families affected by parental mental illness because it facilitates early identification of children at risk of various adversities due to the family situation...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760355/interventions-integrating-non-communicable-disease-prevention-and-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#5
Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rakesh Ayer, Sumiyo Okawa, Mariko Nishikitani, Fumihiko Yokota, Masamine Jimba, Naoki Nakashima
Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) care services could be critical entry points for preventing non-communicable diseases in women and children. In high-income countries, non-communicable diseases screening has been integrated into both the medical and public health systems. To integrate these services in low- and middle-income countries, it is necessary to closely examine its effectiveness and feasibility. In this systematic review, we evaluated the effectiveness of integrating gestational and non-gestational non-communicable diseases interventions and RMNCH care among women and children in low- and middle-income countries...
2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747065/factors-associated-with-child-protection-recurrence-in-australia
#6
Brian Q Jenkins, Clare Tilbury, Hennessey Hayes, Paul Mazerolle
The aim of the current research was to advance understanding of child protection in Australia by examining the factors associated with recurrence of child protection notifications to the formal child protection system. Extant research has been primarily undertaken in the USA and it is important to understand whether similar factors associated with recurrence actually hold in the Australian context. Administrative data were obtained for a sample of 9608 children first subject to a screened-in report in 2011-12...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743090/effectiveness-of-a-multi-level-implementation-strategy-for-asd-interventions-study-protocol-for-two-linked-cluster-randomized-trials
#7
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Aubyn C Stahmer
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have been developed and demonstrate effectiveness in improving child outcomes. However, research on generalizable methods to scale up these practices in the multiple service systems caring for these children has been limited and is critical to meet this growing public health need...
May 9, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743037/a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-emergency-health-care-providers-in-the-assessment-of-child-maltreatment-in-maputo-mozambique
#8
Liliana Pinto, Adriana Lein, Raquel Mahoque, David W Wright, Scott M Sasser, Catherine A Staton
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, and other low-income countries (LICs), there is little information on the burden of child maltreatment (CM). Emergency care services (ECS) play an important role in recognizing, treating, and intervening in situations of CM. We aim to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding CM among health care providers in ECS at Mavalane General Hospital in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: This exploratory cross-sectional study evaluates the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers to diagnose and treat cases of CM...
May 9, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740734/syringe-decriminalization-advocacy-in-red-states-lessons-from-the-north-carolina-harm-reduction-coalition
#9
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Tessie Castillo, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Manisha Dubey, Robert Childs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Syringe access programs (SAPs) are cornerstone harm reduction interventions for combatting the national opioid epidemic. The goal of this paper is to describe effective advocacy strategies for enacting syringe decriminalization legislation to foster the expansion of SAPs in high-need areas amidst political opposition. RECENT FINDINGS: Decades or research shows that SAPs prevent the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and are a cost-effective tool for linking PWID to medical care, health education, and social services...
May 8, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739396/how-well-do-services-for-young-people-with-long-term-conditions-deliver-features-proposed-to-improve-transition
#10
A Colver, R Pearse, R M Watson, M Fay, T Rapley, K D Mann, A Le Couteur, J R Parr, H McConachie
BACKGROUND: For young people with long-term conditions, transition from child to adult-oriented health services is a critical period which, if not managed well, may lead to poor outcomes. There are features of transition services which guidance and research suggest improve outcomes. We studied nine such features, calling them 'proposed beneficial features': age-banded clinic; meet adult team before transfer; promotion of health self-efficacy; written transition plan; appropriate parent involvement; key worker; coordinated team; holistic life-skills training; transition manager for clinical team...
May 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736813/participatory-budgeting-could-it-diminish-health-disparities-in-the-united-states
#11
EDITORIAL
Carolin Hagelskamp, David Schleifer, Chloe Rinehart, Rebecca Silliman
Participatory budgeting (PB)-a democratic process where ordinary residents decide directly how to spend part of a public budget-has gained impressive momentum in US municipalities, spreading from one pilot project in Chicago's 49th ward in 2009 to 50 active PB processes across 14 cities in 2016-2017. Over 93,600 US residents voted in a PB process in 2015-2016, deciding over a total of about $49.5 million and funding 264 projects intended to improve their communities. The vast majority of US PB processes take place in large urban centers (e...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731369/tailored-frequency-escalated-primary-prophylaxis-for-severe-haemophilia-a-results-of-the-16-year-canadian-hemophilia-prophylaxis-study-longitudinal-cohort
#12
Brian M Feldman, Georges E Rivard, Paul Babyn, John K M Wu, MacGregor Steele, Man-Chiu Poon, Robert T Card, Sara J Israels, Nicole Laferriere, Kulwant Gill, Anthony K Chan, Manuel Carcao, Robert J Klaassen, Stephanie Cloutier, Victoria E Price, Saunya Dover, Victor S Blanchette
BACKGROUND: Severe haemophilia A has high morbidity, and treatment, while effective, is very expensive. We report the 16-year follow-up of the Canadian Hemophilia Prophylaxis Study, which examined the effectiveness of tailored frequency-escalated primary prophylaxis with a focus on health outcomes within the domains of body structures and functions, and activities and participation (according to the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health [WHO-ICF] framework) and a view to reducing consumption of costly clotting factor, which accounts for more than 90% of the cost of care of severe haemophilia...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729662/child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-jaffna-district-of-sri-lanka-a-study-on-knowledge-attitude-practices-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals
#13
M G Sathiadas, Arunath Viswalingam, Karunya Vijayaratnam
BACKGROUND: Victims and perpetrators of child abuse do not typically self-report to child protection services, therefore responsibility of detection and reporting falls on the others. Knowledge on child protection is essential for the first contact person and such information is sparse in research literature originally coming from Sri Lanka. Anecdotally, several cases of child abuse have been missed out at the first contact level. Therefore we undertook this survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes towards child protection and the experiences of medical officers, nursing officers and social workers on child protection...
May 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726749/international-variation-in-programmes-for-assessment-of-children-s-neurodevelopment-in-the-community-understanding-disparate-approaches-to-evaluation-of-motor-social-emotional-behavioural-and-cognitive-function
#14
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723028/children-s-behavioral-health-needs-and-satisfaction-and-commitment-of-foster-and-adoptive-parents-do-trauma-informed-services-make-a-difference
#15
Erin R Barnett, Sarah E Cleary, Rebecca L Butcher, Mary K Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Caring for children in foster or adoptive care with behavioral health needs can severely stress parents, contributing to adverse outcomes for children and families. Trauma-informed services from the child welfare and mental health sectors may help prevent poor outcomes by helping children and parents identify and understand trauma and its impact on children's behavioral health and receive effective treatment. To help understand the role of trauma-informed services for the child welfare population, we examined whether trauma-informed child welfare and mental health services moderated the relationship between children's behavioral health needs and parent satisfaction and commitment...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720161/evaluation-of-a-training-program-of-hypertension-for-accredited-social-health-activists-asha-in-rural-india
#16
Marwa Abdel-All, Amanda Gay Thrift, Michaela Riddell, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan Thankappan, Gomathyamma Krishnakurup Mini, Clara K Chow, Pallab Kumar Maulik, Ajay Mahal, Rama Guggilla, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Oduru Suresh, Roger George Evans, Brian Oldenburg, Nihal Thomas, Rohina Joshi
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of premature death and disability in India. Since access to health services is poor in rural India and Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are available throughout India for maternal and child health, a potential solution for improving hypertension control is by utilising this available workforce. We aimed to develop and implement a training package for ASHAs to identify and control hypertension in the community, and evaluate the effectiveness of the training program using the Kirkpatrick Evaluation Model...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706173/parenting-outcomes-of-parenting-interventions-in-integrated-substance-use-treatment-programs-a-systematic-review
#17
Angela D Moreland, Aimee McRae-Clark
The high prevalence of women in substance use treatment programs with children, and the co-occurring negative physical and mental health outcomes associated with substance use, led to the development of integrated substance use treatment programs that target a range of women-specific issues. Integrated programs typically offer some type of parenting component, although the level of parenting services varies widely. Existing reviews have found positive child and parent outcomes following integrated treatment programs in general, although studies were not selected on the basis of whether they included parenting interventions...
June 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705725/do-cash-transfer-programmes-yield-better-health-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-systematic-review-linking-low-income-middle-income-and-high-income-contexts
#18
REVIEW
Arjumand Siddiqi, Akshay Rajaram, Steven P Miller
INTRODUCTION: Decades of research unequivocally demonstrates that no matter the society, socioeconomic resources are perhaps the most fundamental determinants of health throughout the life course, including during its very earliest stages. As a result, societies have implemented 'cash transfer' programmes, whichprovide income supplementation to reduce socioeconomic disadvantage among the poorest families with young children. Despite this being a common approach of societies around the world, research on effects of these programmes in low-income/middle-income countries, and those in high-income countries has been conducted as if they are entirely distinct phenomena...
April 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703204/exploring-end-of-life-interaction-in-dyads-of-parents-and-adult-children-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Stephanie Stiel, Eva-Maria Stelzer, Nils Schneider, Franziska A Herbst
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of terminally-ill adult children are outlived by at least one parent and receive palliative care prior to their death. At the same time, adult children continue to be confronted with their parents' terminal illnesses and end-of-life situations. The current study explores the specifics of dyadic interaction at the end of life between a) adult children suffering from a life-threatening disease and their parents, and b) terminally ill parents and their adult children...
April 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702692/relationships-between-infant-mortality-birth-spacing-and-fertility-in-matlab-bangladesh
#20
Arthur van Soest, Unnati Rani Saha
Although research on the fertility response to childhood mortality is widespread in demographic literature, very few studies focused on the two-way causal relationships between infant mortality and fertility. Understanding the nature of such relationships is important in order to design effective policies to reduce child mortality and improve family planning. In this study, we use dynamic panel data techniques to analyse the causal effects of infant mortality on birth intervals and fertility, as well as the causal effects of birth intervals on mortality in rural Bangladesh, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity and reverse causality...
2018: PloS One
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