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Child health services research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#1
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293286/who-seeks-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-care-in-kenya-a-descriptive-clinic-profile-at-a-tertiary-referral-facility
#2
Judy Wanjiru Kamau, Olayinka O Omigbodun, Tolulope Bella-Awusah, Babatunde Adedokun
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychiatric morbidity in the child and adolescent age group is demonstrable in various studies conducted in various settings in Kenya. This study set out to determine the psychiatric morbidity and socio-demographic profile of patients who eventually present for care at a tertiary specialist child and adolescent mental health clinic in Kenya. Knowledge of the patterns of presentation of disorders is crucial for planning of service scale up as well as serving as a useful training guide...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289049/kids-in-communities-study-kics-study-protocol-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-approach-to-measuring-community-level-factors-influencing-early-child-development-in-australia
#3
Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278600/parenting-stress-among-caregivers-of-children-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#4
Guillermo Perez Algorta, Heather A MacPherson, Eric A Youngstrom, Caroline C Belt, L Eugene Arnold, Thomas W Frazier, H Gerry Taylor, Boris Birmaher, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary A Fristad
Caregivers of psychiatrically impaired children experience considerable parenting stress. However, no research has evaluated parenting stress within the context of pediatric bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD). Thus, the aim of this investigation was to identify predictors and moderators of stress among caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Participants included 640 children and their caregivers in the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms cohort. Children had a mean age of 9...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278158/disease-burden-of-2013-2014-seasonal-influenza-in-adults-in-korea
#5
Won Suk Choi, Benjamin J Cowling, Ji Yun Noh, Joon Young Song, Seong-Heon Wie, Jin Soo Lee, Yu Bin Seo, Jacob Lee, Hye Won Jeong, Young Keun Kim, Shin-Woo Kim, Kyong-Hwa Park, Sun Hee Lee, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to investigate the disease burden of seasonal influenza in adults ā‰„20 years of age in Korea, based on surveillance data from the Hospital-based Influenza Morbidity & Mortality Surveillance (HIMM) network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HIMM network is composed of two surveillance systems: emergency room-based and inpatients-based surveillance. A total of ten university hospitals all over the country are included in the surveillance network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274214/the-impact-of-integrated-prevention-and-treatment-on-child-malnutrition-and-health-the-promis-project-a-randomized-control-trial-in-burkina-faso-and-mali
#6
Lieven Huybregts, Elodie Becquey, Amanda Zongrone, Agnes Le Port, Regina Khassanova, Lazare Coulibaly, Jef L Leroy, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that both preventive and curative nutrition interventions are needed to tackle child acute malnutrition (AM) in developing countries. In addition to reducing the incidence of AM, providing preventive interventions may also help increase attendance (and coverage) of AM screening, a major constraint in the community-based management of child acute malnutrition (CMAM) model. There is a paucity of evidence-based strategies to deliver integrated preventive and curative interventions effectively and affordably at scale...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250511/implementation-research-on-community-health-workers-provision-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#7
Peter W Luckow, Avi Kenny, Emily White, Madeleine Ballard, Lorenzo Dorr, Kirby Erlandson, Benjamin Grant, Alice Johnson, Breanna Lorenzen, Subarna Mukherjee, E John Ly, Abigail McDaniel, Netus Nowine, Vidiya Sathananthan, Gerald A Sechler, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner, Rajesh Panjabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the use of essential maternal and child health services in Konobo, Liberia, after implementation of an enhanced community health worker (CHW) programme. METHODS: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. To assess changes in maternal and child health-care use, we conducted repeated cross-sectional cluster surveys before (2012) and after (2015) programme implementation...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246065/for-you-and-your-baby-4yyb-adapting-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-text4baby-program-for-saudi-arabia
#8
Soha Bahanshal, Steven Coughlin, Benyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Poor birth outcomes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) have been found to be partially due to missed prenatal appointments as well as lack of knowledge of healthy pregnancy behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives are to summarize birth outcomes and the antenatal care system in KSA, summarize research related to the US Text4Baby mobile health program, and outline the development of an Arabic version of the Text4baby app, For You and Your Baby (4YYB). METHODS: First, birth outcomes, health care access, and smartphone usage among Saudi Arabian women are reviewed...
February 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246024/experts-perspectives-toward-a-population-health-approach-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#9
Elizabeth S Barnert, Ryan J Coller, Bergen B Nelson, Lindsey R Thompson, Vincent Chan, Cesar Padilla, Thomas S Klitzner, Moira Szilagyi, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Because children with medical complexity (CMC) display very different health trajectories, needs, and resource utilization than other children, it is unclear how well traditional conceptions of population health apply to CMC. We sought to identify key health outcome domains for CMC as a step toward determining core health metrics for this distinct population of children. METHODS: We conducted and analyzed interviews with 23 diverse national experts on CMC to better understand population health for CMC...
February 25, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241184/outcomes-associated-with-early-preventive-dental-care-among-medicaid-enrolled-children-in-alabama
#10
Justin Blackburn, Michael A Morrisey, Bisakha Sen
Importance: There is a recommendation for children to have a dental home by 6 months of age, but there is limited evidence supporting the effectiveness of early preventive dental care or whether primary care providers (PCPs) can deliver it. Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of preventive dental care in reducing caries-related treatment visits among Medicaid enrollees. Design, Setting, and Participants: High-dimensional propensity scores were used to address selection bias for a retrospective cohort study of children continuously enrolled in coverage from the Alabama Medicaid Agency from birth between 2008 and 2012, adjusting for demographics, access to care, and general health service use...
February 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237264/child-to-adult-neurodevelopmental-and-mental-health-trajectories-after-early-life-deprivation-the-young-adult-follow-up-of-the-longitudinal-english-and-romanian-adoptees-study
#11
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Mark Kennedy, Robert Kumsta, Nicky Knights, Dennis Golm, Michael Rutter, Barbara Maughan, Wolff Schlotz, Jana Kreppner
BACKGROUND: Time-limited, early-life exposures to institutional deprivation are associated with disorders in childhood, but it is unknown whether effects persist into adulthood. We used data from the English and Romanian Adoptees study to assess whether deprivation-associated adverse neurodevelopmental and mental health outcomes persist into young adulthood. METHODS: The English and Romanian Adoptees study is a longitudinal, natural experiment investigation into the long-term outcomes of individuals who spent from soon after birth to up to 43 months in severe deprivation in Romanian institutions before being adopted into the UK...
February 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236157/toward-creating-synergy-among-policy-procedures-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-models-in-child-welfare-systems-two-case-examples
#12
REVIEW
Patricia Chamberlain
Over the past four to five decades, multiple randomized controlled trials have verified that preventive interventions targeting key parenting skills can have far-reaching effects on improving a diverse array of child outcomes. Further, these studies have shown that parenting skills can be taught, and they are malleable. Given these advances, prevention scientists are in a position to make solid empirically based recommendations to public child service systems on using parent-mediated interventions to optimize positive outcomes for the children and families that they serve...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#13
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#14
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#15
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219392/meaning-and-barriers-to-quality-care-service-provision-in-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#16
Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Pablo Ronzoni, Nisha Dogra
BACKGROUND: Defining quality in health presents many challenges. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defined quality clinical care as care that is equitable, timely, safe, efficient, effective and patient centred. However, it is not clear how different stakeholders within a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) understand and/or apply this framework. This project aims to identify key stakeholders" understanding of the meaning of quality in the context of CAMHS. METHOD: The study sample comprised of three groups: (i) patients and carers, (ii) CAMHS clinical staff, and (iii) commissioners (Total Nā€‰=ā€‰24)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#19
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#20
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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