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James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on Periodontal Profile Class (PPC), a component of the Periodontal Profile Phenotype (P3 ) System that may be more representative of the periodontitis phenotype than current case definitions of periodontitis. Data illustrate the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other commonly used periodontal classification indices. METHODS: Latent Class Analysis (LCA) identified discrete classes of individuals grouped by tooth-level clinical parameters...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
James D Beck, Kevin L Moss, Thiago Morelli, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND: This paper focuses on the Periodontal Profile Class (PPC) System that may be more informative and representative of periodontitis phenotypes than current case definitions of periodontitis. This study illustrates the unique aspects of the PPC compared with other periodontal indices for studying associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions. METHODS: We computed odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals to compare associations between periodontal disease and prevalent systemic conditions using our new PPC and two traditional indices...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ana P Ortiz, Daisy González, Jeslie Ramos, Cristina Muñoz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Despite limited data, research suggests that marijuana use is associated with oral HPV infection and periodontitis, two potential oropharyngeal cancer risk factors. We assessed these associations in a Hispanic adult population in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 735 adults assessed marijuana use, determined through an audio computer-assisted self-interview, and periodontitis and self-collection of oral HPV samples following the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey methodology...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Allison K Marlow, Yusuke Hamada, Gerardo Maupome, George J Eckert, Vanchit John
Diagnosis and treatment planning for periodontal disease are fraught with challenges because of the complex and multifactorial nature of the disease as well as the inherent variability in interpretation of clinical findings. It is important for all practitioners to be accurate and consistent in formulating diagnoses based on the American Academy of Periodontology classification guidelines and to implement treatment plans to adequately address patients' needs. The aim of this study was to compare diagnoses and treatment plans among four groups of participants: full-time and part-time periodontology faculty at Indiana University School of Dentistry (IUSD), full-time and part-time IUSD general practice faculty, full-time periodontists in private practice, and full-time general practitioners in private practice...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
R Todd Watkins, Linc J Conn, Robert G Gellin, Theresa S Gonzales, Lindsey M Hamil, Monica J Cayouette, Michael G Schmidt
The analysis of dental students' clinical production/participation has been used to assess whether a prospective graduate is capable of unsupervised and independent practice (that is, competent to perform that practice). This method and others have inherent biases that may not accurately reflect whether the student has mastered the associated concepts and techniques required for dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess an informatics system that assigned curriculum meta-tags with time-based relative educational value units (ReVUs) to each clinical procedure performed by Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) students...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Surekha Ramrao Rathod, Abhay Kolte, Tony Shori, Vishal Kher
Introduction: Mini-clinical examination (mini-CEX) is a new assessment tool that observes the student using a standard rating form. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of the mini-CEX as an assessment and feedback tool in the postgraduate setting in periodontology. Materials and Methods: Eight postgraduate students and two evaluators were included in this study carried out for 4 months during which the students were made to appear for four encounters evaluated on a standardized nine-point Likert scale...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
P C Jia, G Yang, W J Hu, Y J Zhao, M Q Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accuracy of periapical film in evaluating the infrabone root surface area of single-root teeth with different types of resorption of the alveolar bone. METHODS: In this study, the medical records and imaging data of patients in Department of Periodontology of Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analysed. The involved teeth were divided into two groups: horizontal bone loss group and vertical bone loss group...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Debra A Murphy, Steven Vitero, Bruce A Dye, Thomas R Belin, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, MA users were recruited with a combination of snowball sampling and street outreach techniques. Three dentists, trained and calibrated to the oral assessments used in the National Health and Nutrition Survey, measured and recorded the participants' attachment loss, probing depth, and gingival recession...
March 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
R M Gaudio, L Ottria, D Lauritano, A Palmieri, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Implant dentistry has become one of the most successful techniques for oral rehabilitation over the last 20 years. The success rate of implant oral rehabilitation is above 80% while peri-implant disease (PID) is the most important complication of implant dentistry. The main cause of PID is considered bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection of a two-piece implant system. Prevention and control of bacterial leakage at the implant-abutment connection is mandatory for reducing inflammation process around implants neck and achieving bone stability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
M Gürsoy, A Wilensky, N Claffey, D Herrera, P M Preshaw, M Sanz, U Schlagenhauf, L Trombelli, K Demirel
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to evaluate whether periodontal education and assessment in undergraduate dental curricula amongst the member countries of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) follow the competency-based curricular guidelines and recommendations developed by the Association for Dental Education in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was emailed to 244 dental institutes amongst the 24 EFP member countries between November 2014 and July 2015...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Elton Carlos Pichotano, Rafael Scaf de Molon, Luiz Guilherme Freitas de Paula, Ricardo Violante de Souza, Elcio Marcantonio, Daniela Leal Zandim-Barcelos
This case report aimed to describe the effects of leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) associated with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and absorbable collagen membrane (CM) on bone regeneration in maxillary sinus augmentation. A 59-year-old male patient was referred to the Department of Periodontology for implant rehabilitation of his edentulous upper jaw. The treatment plan involved maxillary sinus augmentation followed by implants installation. A split-mouth design was employed, in which the right maxillary sinus was filled using L-PRF, DBBM, and CM; the left side was filled with DBBM and CM...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Johan Peter Woelber, Jonathan Fleiner, Julia Rau, Petra Ratka-Krüger, Christian Hannig
A systematic literature review was performed regarding the accuracy and usefulness of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the field of periodontology. A total of 580 articles were identified, of which 13 met the inclusion criteria. Results showed a high accuracy of CBCT in visualizing periodontal structures and the demonstrated the usefulness of CBCT in regenerative periodontal surgery of maxillary molars. It remains questionable whether this gain of additional information actually leads to a better clinical outcome in periodontal treatment...
March 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Qiao Zhang, Dai Jing, Yufeng Zhang, Richard J Miron
PURPOSE: Bone grafting materials are frequently utilized in oral surgery and periodontology to fill bone defects and augment lost or missing bone. The purpose of this study was to compare new bone formation in bone defects created in both normal and osteoporotic animals loaded with three types of bone grafts from different origins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight female Wistar rats were equally divided into control normal and ovariectomized animals. Bilateral 2...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Angela Pia Cazzolla, Nunzio Francesco Testa, Gianfranco Favia, Maria Grazia Lacaita, Domenico Ciavarella, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Giuseppe Troiano, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a childhood pathology with a peak of incidence ranging from 1 to 4 years of age, though diagnosis is often made in adult age. LCH is clinically classified into three types: eosinophilic granuloma, Hand-Schuller-Christian disease and Abt-Letterer-Siwe disease. We report a case of Hand-Schüller-Christian disease with diabetes insipidus, skull and maxillary involvement in a 16-year-old boy referred to our observation for gradual increase in mobility of the teeth and subsequent gradual loss of the second premolars and the first molars of the upper jaw...
February 8, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Margabandhu Manoj, Renu Garg, Kennedy Babu
Gingival enlargement refers to any increase in the size of normal gingiva. The gingiva may be enlarged in response to various interactions between the host and the environment. It can be of various types including inflammatory, drug induced, associated with systemic disease, neoplastic, false, and idiopathic. Idiopathic gingival enlargement is a rare condition of undetermined etiology. The enlargement can be localized or generalized to entire dentition and is usually associated with the emergence of the teeth into the oral cavity and may regress after extraction...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Radha Madhavanpillai Baiju, Elbe Peter, Nettiyat Oommen Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram, David Iloyd Streiner
Context: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) have become primary or secondary outcome measure in clinical trials and epidemiological studies in Medicine and Dentistry in general and Periodontology in particular. PROs are patients' self-perceptions about consequences of a disease or its treatment. They can be used to measure the impact of the disease or the effect of its treatment. There are insufficient data in Periodontology related to scale development methodology although, recently, there is an increase in the number of published studies utilizing such tools in major journals...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Abhay Kolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
L Westover, G Faulkner, C Flores-Mir, W Hodgetts, D Raboud
In this paper we present the development of the Advanced System for Implant Stability Testing (ASIST) for application to natural teeth. The ASIST uses an impact measurement combined with an analytical model of the system and surrounding support to provide a measure of the interface stiffness. In this study, an analytical model is developed for a single-rooted natural tooth allowing the ASIST to estimate the stiffness characteristics of the periodontal ligament (PDL). The geometry and inertia parameters of the tooth model are presented in two ways: (1) using full CT scans of the individual tooth and (2) using an approximate geometry model with estimates of only the tooth length and diameter...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
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