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Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Gediminas Žekonis, Jonas Žekonis, Alvydas Gleiznys, Viktorija Noreikienė, Ingrida Balnytė, Renata Šadzevičienė, Julija Narbutaitė
BACKGROUND Various studies have shown that non-surgical periodontal treatment is correlated with reduction in clinical parameters and plasma levels of inflammatory markers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term weekly supragingival irrigations with aerosolized 0.5% hydrogen peroxide as maintenance therapy followed by non-surgical periodontal treatment on clinical parameters, plasma levels of inflammatory markers, and morphological changes in gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis...
October 15, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Gianluigi Caccianiga, Marco Baldoni, Carlo Angelo Ghisalberti, Alessio Paiusco
Aim. In periodontology lasers have been suggested for the photodynamic therapy (PDT): such therapy can be defined as the inactivation of cells, microorganisms, or molecules induced by light and not by heat. The aim of this study was to evaluate results of PDT using a 980 nm diode laser (Wiser Doctor Smile, Lambda SPA, Italy) combined with hydrogen peroxide, comparing a pulsed diode laser (LI) activity to a high-frequency superpulsed diode laser (LII). Materials and Methods. Primary fibroblasts and keratinocytes cell lines, isolated from human dermis, were irradiated every 48 h for 10 days using LI and LII combined with SiOxyL(+) ™ Solution (hydrogen peroxide (HP) stabilized with a glycerol phosphate complex)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ewa J Prażmo, Mirosław Kwaśny, Mariusz Łapiński, Agnieszka Mielczarek
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) consists of three elements: photosensitizer, light and oxygen. The photosensitizer has the property of selective accumulation in abnormal or infected tissues without causing any damage to the healthy cells. This innovative therapeutic method has already been successfully adapted in many fields of medicine, e.g. dermatology, gynecology, urology and cancer therapy. Dentistry is also beginning to incorporate photodisinfection for treatment of the oral cavity. The antibacterial and fungicidal properties of the photosensitizer have been used to achieve better results in root canal treatment, periodontal therapy and the eradication of candidiasis in prosthodontics...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Aleksandra Sender-Janeczek, Marek Ziętek
BACKGROUND: Both drinking and periodontal disease are serious health and social problems. Findings on the effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal disease are inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in patients with alcoholic disease, the composition of the main periopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 25 alcoholics from the Department of Alcohol Addiction Closed Treatment and 25 non-alcoholic patients from the Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Bruno César de Vasconcelos Gurgel, Sheyla Christine Lira Montenegro, Poliana Medeiros Cunha Dantas, Ana Luísa de Barros Pascoal, Kenio Costa Lima, Patrícia Dos Santos Calderon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of peri-implant diseases and factors associated with its occurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-five patients with dental implants were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. Dental implants were clinically and radiographically evaluated to diagnose their peri-implant condition, according to Mombelli (Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop on Periodontology, 1999, Quintessence, London). Associations between peri-implant diseases and independent variables (socioeconomic, demographic and periodontal characteristics) were evaluated through bivariate analysis with chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests, as well as by multiple logistic regression...
August 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Aditya B Patel, Debora C Matthews, Edmond Ghiabi
OBJECTIVE: To document the profile of periodontists in private practice in Canada in terms of services provided and referral patterns. METHODS: An online survey consisted on 45 questions in 3 categories: demographics, referral patterns and periodontal procedures performed. The sampling frame consisted of all active members of the Canadian Academy of Periodontology (n= 280). Letters and email containing links to the online survey were used to invite participants and to send reminders to non-respondents on days 7, 21 and 49...
March 2016: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Paul S Rosen, Stuart J Froum
The biologic complication of peri-implantitis threatens the survival of dental implants that have successfully integrated and are in function. A list of seven risk factors associated with this disease was generated in 2006 at the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology. These factors were based on the prevailing literature. Since then, modifications to this list have been considered whereby some of the original items suggested to be associated with periimplantitis would be deleted, while, in light of evidence-based information, newer, emerging risks may be included...
July 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Philip Ower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Dental Update
Katarzyna Łazarz-Bartyzel, Katarzyna Gawron, Dagmara Darczuk, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska
Gingival fibromatosis is a painless gingival overgrowth. It may result in difficulties with proper dental hygiene keeping, mastication and occlusion. Herein, a case of a 10-year-old patient was described. The patient reported to the Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine of the Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow due to the problems with permanent teeth eruption (23-26), chewing and dental hygiene maintaining. Based on medical history, clinical examination, diagnostic tests and histopathological study of gingival tissue biopsies the patient was diagnosed with unilateral idiopathic gingival fibromatosis...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Shariq Najeeb, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine) is a substance secreted by multiple organs in vertebrates. In addition to playing a part in the circadian cycle of the body, melatonin is known to have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and antioncotic effects on human tissues. Oral cavity is affected by a number of conditions such as periodontitis, mucositis, cancers, and cytotoxicity from various drugs or biomaterials. Research has suggested that melatonin is effective in treating the aforementioned pathologies. Furthermore, melatonin has been observed to enhance osseointegration and bone regeneration...
August 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
R Krug, G Krastl, M Jahreis
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the radiographic technical quality of root canal treatment before and after the implementation of a nickel-titanium rotary (NiTiR) preparation followed by a matching-taper single-cone (mSC) obturation and to detect the procedural errors associated with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A random sample of 535 patients received root canal treatment at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology at the University of Würzburg: 254 teeth were treated in 2002-2003 by using stainless steel instruments (SSI) for preparation and a lateral compaction (LC) technique (classic group (CG))...
August 13, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Madhavi Alamanda, Sunil Kumar Denthumdas, Umesh Wadgave, Pooja Mohan Pharne, Sandeep Jambukumar Patil, Sirisha Kondreddi, Pavan Deshpande, Rajesh Suresh Koppikar
INTRODUCTION: For any antimicrobial approach to be successful in periodontal therapy, it is important that the antimicrobial agent targets the sub-gingival biofilm by attaining sufficient concentration at the sub-gingival site. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine and compare the concentrations of ciprofloxacin present in Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) and plasma after its systemic administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 subjects, in the age group of 30-60 years satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were chosen from the outpatient Department of Periodontology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad and consent was obtained...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
(no author information available yet)
In the article "Effect of Addition of Platelet-rich Plasma to Calcium Phosphosilicate Putty on Healing at 9 Months in Periodontal Intrabony Defects" by Sagrika Shukla, Ashi Chug, Lanka Mahesh, Harpreet Singh Grover, issue 17 volume 3, page 230. It erroneously appeared that: " was given to Dr. George A. Kotsakis DDS, Advanced Education Program in Periodontology, University of Minnesota and Dr. Bhanu K. Bhakri MD (Paediatrics), All India Institute of Medical Sciences for kind support and guidance." The correct statement is: "Acknowledgements: We thank Dr...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Yasemin Nur Korkmaz, Filiz Yagci
OBJECTIVE: Tooth transposition is a rare dental anomaly that could lead to undesirable side effects on other teeth. This case report aims to describe the multidisciplinary treatment of a patient with a severely resorbed permanent maxillary central incisor due to transposition with the permanent canine. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A girl aged 13 years and 7 months with a chief complaint of a pink spot on her maxillary left incisor with a slightly erupted tooth above it was referred to our clinic...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Leandro Chambrone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent evidence on the impact of osteoporosis on periodontonlogy and implant dentistry, prevalence of diseases, pathophysiology and treatment outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with osteoporosis should be advised about the importance of returning for periodical periodontal maintenance as inadequate oral care may lead to a faster development of periodontitis. There is no definitive information on the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with dental implant therapy...
August 4, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Sarah-Sophia D Carter, Pedro F Costa, Cedryck Vaquette, Saso Ivanovski, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Jos Malda
Periodontitis is defined as a chronic inflammatory condition, characterized by destruction of the periodontium, composed of hard (i.e. alveolar bone and cementum) and soft tissues (i.e. gingiva and periodontal ligament) surrounding and supporting the teeth. In severe cases, reduced periodontal support can lead to tooth loss, which requires tissue augmentation or procedures that initiate a repair, yet ideally a regenerative response. However, mimicking the three-dimensional complexity and functional integration of the different tissue components via scaffold- and/or matrix-based guided tissue engineering represents a great challenge...
July 29, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Max J Perlitsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Periodontology
L Checchi, M R Gatto, V Checchi, F Carinci
The present study detects those bacterial species which are more strongly related to bleeding on probing, suppuration and smoking in periodontal-affected patients. Nine hundred and fifty-one patients with periodontal diseases were admitted to the Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Dental School of Bologna University where they underwent microbiological tests for six periodontal pathogens (Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Tannerella forsythia)...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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