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Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129119/periodontal-inflamed-surface-area-and-periodontal-case-definition-classification
#1
Yago Leira, Pablo Martín-Lancharro, Juan Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a higher periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) may reflect more severe periodontitis, and if so, to calculate which cut-off point should be used to classify a patient as suffering from periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty subjects were selected based on their periodontal status and were divided into 4 groups of 20 each; periodontally healthy, mild periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and severe periodontitis. In addition, demographic data, smoking status and socioeconomic status were also recorded...
November 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058839/-cone-beam-ct-new-tool-in-diagnostic-imaging
#2
M De Marneffe, M Milicevic, M Milicevic
The goal of this article is to show the advantages of the Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) compared to classical Computerized Tomography (CT) and to describe several clinical applications of interest with this rather new technology. Invented practically for dentistry, in particular in implantology, the CBCT found major indications in paranasal sinus imaging, in maxillofacial and oral surgery, in periodontology, endodontics and orthodontics. CBCT is very useful to characterize various lesions of jaws with a reserve concerning the study of soft tissues (in that case, an MRI or CT with contrast injection should be preferred)...
October 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979729/the-effect-of-smoking-on-inflammatory-cell-infiltrate-subtypes-in-gingival-tissue-of-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#3
Mehrdad Radvar, Hooman Shafaee, Nooshin Mohtasham, Farid Shiezadeh, Mona Zamanpour
BACKGROUND: Examinations on blood samples and gingival crevicular fluid of subjects with chronic periodontitis showed that smoking increased production of cytokines. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of immune markers on mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltrate at periodontitis and healthy tissue among smoking and non-smoking subjects. METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 41 patients who referred to a clinic of periodontology at a Mashhad dental school in Iran in 2016...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979575/implantology-and-periodontal-disease-the-panacea-to-problem-solving
#4
Giovanni Matarese, Luca Ramaglia, Luca Fiorillo, Gabriele Cervino, Floriana Lauritano, Gaetano Isola
INTRODUCTION: The specialty of periodontology has changed dramatically in recent years. With the long-standing goal of retaining teeth in a functional and esthetical state, the periodontology has developed a high level of expertise in the regeneration of bone and connective tissues that support the teeth. However, periodontists have also joined maxillofacial surgeons as the primary providers of implant surgery. METHODS: The tremendous innovations of periodontists induced also by the marketplace resulted in predictable periodontal treatment outcomes for most patients by the implants led to a dramatically different marketplace in which many patients with periodontitis can be treated by the implants rather than the traditional periodontal treatment...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976904/application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-injectable-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-combination-of-bone-substitute-material-for-alveolar-ridge-augmentation-a-case-report
#5
Ivan L Chenchev, Vasilena V Ivanova, Deyan Z Neychev, Radka B Cholakova
BACKGROUND: Different barrier membranes and augmentation techniques are used in oral surgery to recover lost bone structures with varied success. Recently, a combination between bone graft materials and Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) is implemented in the periodontology and implantology. AIM: The aim of this case report was to assess the possibility for augmentation of the alveolar ridge in the frontal region of the upper jaw, utilizing a combination of bone graft material, injectable platelet-rich-fibrin (i-PRF) and advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF)...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967334/when-is-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-appropriate-for-diagnostic-inquiry-in-the-management-of-inflammatory-periodontitis-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review
#6
David M Kim, Seyed Hossein Bassir
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiographic examinations are essential in establishing correct periodontal diagnoses as well as providing appropriate treatment options. Current radiographic examinations, however, do not provide adequate information regarding the severity of periodontal disease, presenting a need to investigate alternative methods. The aim of this best evidence consensus is to determine when cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging is appropriate for diagnostic inquiry in the management of inflammatory periodontitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967333/american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-consensus-statement-on-selected-oral-applications-for-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#7
George A Mandelaris, E Todd Scheyer, Marianna Evans, David Kim, Bradley McAllister, Marc L Nevins, Hector F Rios, David Sarment
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recently embarked on a Best Evidence Consensus (BEC) model of scientific inquiry to address questions of clinical importance in periodontology for which there is insufficient evidence to arrive at a definitive conclusion. This review addresses oral indications for use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: To develop the BEC, the AAP convened a panel of experts with knowledge of CBCT and substantial experience in applying CBCT to a broad range of clinical scenarios that involve critical structures in the oral cavity...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967331/cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-interdisciplinary-dentofacial-therapy-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review-focusing-on-risk-assessment-of-the-dentoalveolar-bone-changes-influenced-by-tooth-movement
#8
George A Mandelaris, Rodrigo Neiva, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate whether cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging can be used to assess dentoalveolar anatomy critical to the periodontist when determining risk assessment for patients undergoing orthodontic therapy using fixed or removable appliances. METHODS: Both observational and interventional trials reporting on the use of CBCT imaging assessing the impact of orthodontic/dentofacial orthopedic treatment on periodontal tissues (i...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967330/the-use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-management-of-patients-requiring-dental-implants-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review
#9
Hector F Rios, Wenche S Borgnakke, Erika Benavides
BACKGROUND: Application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has grown exponentially across dentistry with a clear impact in implant dentistry. This review aims at providing the scientific context to understand if CBCT imaging should become the standard of care for patients requiring dental implants. METHODS: A literature search for CBCT applications in implant dentistry was performed using the PubMed database that included studies published between January 1, 2000, and June 24, 2017...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925546/multidisciplinary-full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-soft-tissue-regeneration-in-the-esthetic-zone
#10
Anja Liebermann, Stefan Frei, Madalena Lucia Pinheiro Dias Engler, Otto Zuhr, Otto Prandtner, Daniel Edelhoff, Reza Saeidi Pour
OBJECTIVE: Oral rehabilitation often requires a multidisciplinary approach including restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and periodontology to fulfill high esthetic and functional demands, frequently combined with changes in the vertical dimension. The presence of gingival recessions can be associated with numerous factors, such as brushing or preparation trauma and persistent inflammation of the gingiva due to inadequate marginal fit of restorations. Because gingival recessions can cause major esthetic and functional problems, obtaining stability of the gingival tissue around prosthetic restorations is of essential concern...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883777/importance-of-early-detection-of-potentially-malignant-lesions-in-the-prevention-of-oral-cancer
#11
Sanja Hadzic, Mirjana Gojkov-Vukelic, Enes Pasic, Almir Dervisevic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the importance of early diagnosis of potentially malignant lesions in the prevention of oral cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to achieve the set objectives, we selected our participant pool. Of the 340 patients who came to the initial examination at the Clinic for Oral Medicine and Periodontology, we selected 40 patients with potentially malignant oral lesions (PMOL) of both sexes and of different ages. After an extensive anamnesis and a clinical examination of all mucous membranes, we documented potentially malignant lesions, their localization, subjective and objective symptoms, duration of pathological lesion, and bad habits (smoking and alcohol)...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861288/prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-peri-implantitis-in-korean-patients-with-a-history-of-periodontal-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Mi-Seon Goh, Eun-Jin Hong, Moontaek Chang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and risk indicators of peri-implantitis in Korean patients with history of periodontal disease. METHODS: A total of 444 patients with 1,485 implants were selected from patients who had been treated at the Department of Periodontology, Chonbuk National University Dental Hospital between July 2014 and June 2015. A group with a history of peri-implantitis (HP) (370 patients with 1,189 implants) and a group with a current peri-implantitis (CP) (318 patients with 1,004 implants) were created based on the radiographic and clinical assessments of implants...
August 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837240/scientific-evidence-on-the-links-between-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-consensus-report-and-guidelines-of-the-joint-workshop-on-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-by-the-international-diabetes-federation-idf-and-the-european-federation-of-periodontology
#13
Mariano Sanz, Antonio Ceriello, Martin Buysschaert, Iain Chapple, Ryan T Demmer, Filippo Graziani, David Herrera, Søren Jepsen, Luca Lione, Phoebus Madianos, Manu Mathur, Eduard Montanya, Lior Shapira, Maurizio Tonetti, Daniel Vegh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontitis are chronic non-communicable diseases independently associated with mortality and have a bi-directional relationship. AIMS: To update the evidence for their epidemiological and mechanistic associations and re-examine the impact of effective periodontal therapy upon metabolic control (glycated hemoglobin, HbA1C). EPIDEMIOLOGY: There is strong evidence that people with periodontitis have elevated risk for dysglycemia and insulin resistance...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835027/-periodontology-from-the-perspective-of-holistic-integrative-medicine
#14
Q X Luan
Medical diciplines have been gradually differentiated and specialized during its developement, and problems due to deep specialization have been increasingly apparent. Its performance is as follows: dental specialists tends to focus on a certain narrow area and ignore neither the patients as a whole existence nor the role of the environmental factors. In this article, the author tries to show the holistic integrative medicine (HIM) from the point of view of periodontal specialty. In fact, the pathogenesis, the differential diagnosis and the treatment of periodontal diseases along with the role of preventive dentistry and basic medicine for periodontology must be considered as a whole using the philosophy of HIM...
August 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822565/the-influence-of-periodontal-status-on-endodontically-treated-teeth-9-year-survival-analysis
#15
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Jeannie Wang, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of periodontal status at the time of nonsurgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) on the survival rate of endodontically treated teeth (ETT). METHODS: In this retrospective investigation, molars that received NSRCT in an advanced specialty education program in endodontics from 2009 through 2017 were initially recruited. After the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 315 teeth were included in the study...
November 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#16
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795622/animal-models-for-periodontal-tissue-engineering-a-knowledge-generating-process
#17
Karim M Fawzy El-Sayed, Christof E Dörfer
The human periodontium is a uniquely complex vital structure, supporting and anchoring the teeth in their alveolar sockets, thereby playing a decisive role in tooth homeostasis and function. Chronic periodontitis is a highly prevalent immune-inflammatory disease of the periodontium, affecting 15% of adult individuals, and is characterized by progressive destruction of the periodontal tooth-investing tissues, culminating in their irreversible damage. Current periodontal evidence-based treatment strategies achieve periodontal healing via repair processes, mostly combating the inflammatory component of the disease, to halt or reduce prospective periodontal tissue loss...
October 25, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758294/periodontitis-facts-fallacies-and-the-future
#18
REVIEW
Jørgen Slots
This volume of Periodontology 2000 represents the 25th anniversary of the Journal, and uses the occasion to assess important advancements in periodontology over the past quarter-century as well as the hurdles that remain. Periodontitis is defined by pathologic loss of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. The disease involves complex dynamic interactions among active herpesviruses, specific bacterial pathogens and destructive immune responses. Periodontal diagnostics is currently based on clinical rather than etiologic criteria, and provides limited therapeutic guidance...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758035/selectable-implant-removal-methods-due-to-mechanical-and-biological-failures
#19
Jong-Bin Lee
Dental implant has been restoring the function and esthetics lost from missing tooth. However, biomechanical implant complications are the major cause of failing implants. Therefore, implant removal is one of the indispensable dental treatments. The 70-year-old male and 66-year-old female who had discomfort on posterior implants region came to Department of Periodontology. Conventional method using trephine bur and the new, nontraumatic method using a fixture removal kit were used for implant removal, respectively...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757933/prevalence-of-periodontal-pathogens-among-italian-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-retrospective-study-on-2992-patients
#20
L Tettamanti, R M Gaudio, F Cura, D Mucchi, N Illuzzi, A Tagliabue
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of some periodontal pathogens in Italian adults with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 2992 patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis, based on the criteria of the American Academy of Periodontology, sampled in the period 2013-2016: 2108 patients were from Northern, 690 from Central and 194 from Southern Italy. Porphyromonas gengivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia were investigated in all patients of the present study, while Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans only in 2514 (84%) patients...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
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