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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709012/de-escalation-of-aggressive-behaviour-in-healthcare-settings-concept-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Nutmeg Hallett, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: De-escalation is the recommended first-line response to potential violence and aggression in healthcare settings. Related scholarly activity has increased exponentially since the 1980s, but there is scant research about its efficacy and no guidance on what constitutes the gold standard for practice. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the concept of de-escalation of violence and aggression as described within the healthcare literature. DESIGN: Concept analysis guided by Rodgers' evolutionary approach...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708107/family-communication-at-the-end-of-life
#2
EDITORIAL
Maureen P Keeley
People often feel awkward and ill at ease when faced with the opportunity for communication at the end of life, thus the overall theme for the articles in this special issue is the creation of more awareness and knowledge regarding the depth, breadth, and importance of current research exploring family communication at the end of life. This introductory essay attempts to accomplish the following: (1) discuss the importance of talk regarding death; (2) highlight the formative role of family interactions on the death and dying process; and (3) outline the articles in this special issue...
July 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700651/metric-based-vs-peer-reviewed-evaluation-of-a-research-output-lesson-learnt-from-uk-s-national-research-assessment-exercise
#3
Kushwanth Koya, Gobinda Chowdhury
PURPOSE: There is a general inquisition regarding the monetary value of a research output, as a substantial amount of funding in modern academia is essentially awarded to good research presented in the form of journal articles, conferences papers, performances, compositions, exhibitions, books and book chapters etc., which, eventually leads to another question if the value varies across different disciplines. Answers to these questions will not only assist academics and researchers, but will also help higher education institutions (HEIs) make informed decisions in their administrative and research policies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697664/compare-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-and-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-in-infants-and-children-with-hydrocephalus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Chuzhong Li, Songbai Gui, Yazhuo Zhang
PURPOSE: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement are two surgical options used for treatment of non-communicating hydrocephalus. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency and safety of these techniques in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive literature review regarding the clinical outcome, safety, and efficiency of ETV and shunting in treatment of hydrocephalus was conducted in Medline, PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases up to November 27(th), 2015...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#5
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685476/raising-awareness-for-lung-cancer-prevention-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-female-scholars-from-a-low-income-area-in-bogota-colombia-evaluation-of-a-national-framework
#6
J F Meneses-Echávez, P A Alba-Ramírez, J E Correa-Bautista
This study aims to determine the effects of an educational intervention, based on the Colombian guidelines for educational communication in the framework of cancer control, for raising lung cancer prevention-related awareness, and improving healthy lifestyles in female scholars from a low-income area in Bogota, Colombia. Uncontrolled trial conducted in 243 female scholars (mean age 14 years ± 1.5 SD). Two 90 min educational sessions were carried out in March 2015 according to the Colombian guidelines for educational communication in the framework of cancer control...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684014/the-evolution-of-empathy-research-models-muddles-and-mechanisms
#7
Richard M Frankel
The word empathy enters the English language in 1909, translated incompletely from German by a British-born psychologist interested in introspection. In the ensuing 100+ years, the term has been defined in a range of different ways by researchers and scholars. The biopsychosocial framework developed by George Engel comes closest to capturing empathy as a biological, psychological and social phenomenon. In this paper, I explore the psychological and social/communicative dimensions of empathy. Psychologists ask the question, How does the capacity for empathy vary across individuals? By contrast, interaction scholars ask, How is empathy communicated from one person (a healthcare provider) to another (a sufferer)? A communication focus involves the accuracy and impact of empathic communication as evidenced in a sufferer's response...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674817/update-on-the-role-of-endothelial-cells-in-trauma
#8
J Greven, R Pfeifer, Q Zhi, H C Pape
PURPOSE: This review gives an overview of physiological processes, mainly regarding vascular endothelial cells and their important role in hemostasis, information processing, and communication during trauma. An insight is given into molecules and cells involved in the first innate immune response through to the behavior of endothelial cells in developing trauma. The goal of this review is to show the overlap of crucial factors related to the endothelium and the development of trauma. METHODS: A systemic literature search was performed using Google scholar and PubMed...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665055/plagiarism-in-the-context-of-education-and-evolving-detection-strategies
#9
REVIEW
Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Bekaidar Nurmashev, Bakhytzhan Seksenbayev, Vladimir I Trukhachev, Elena I Kostyukova, George D Kitas
Plagiarism may take place in any scientific journals despite currently employed anti-plagiarism tools. The absence of widely acceptable definitions of research misconduct and reliance solely on similarity checks do not allow journal editors to prevent most complex cases of recycling of scientific information and wasteful, or 'predatory,' publishing. This article analyses Scopus-based publication activity and evidence on poor writing, lack of related training, emerging anti-plagiarism strategies, and new forms of massive wasting of resources by publishing largely recycled items, which evade the 'red flags' of similarity checks...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664648/mental-health-nurses-use-of-twitter-for-professional-purposes-during-conference-participation-using-acmhn2016
#10
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Scholars across different disciplines use Twitter to promote research and to communicate with society. Most conferences nowadays have their unique hashtag in which participants can communicate in real time. Previous research has reported on conference participants' use of Twitter, but no such studies are available in the field of mental health nursing. Thus, the explicit aim of the present study was to examine conference participants' use of Twitter during the 42nd International Mental Health Nursing Conference...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662263/the-evolution-of-a-writing-program
#11
Bonnie J White, Karen S Lamson
BACKGROUND: Scholarly writing is required in nursing, and some students are unable to communicate effectively through writing. Faculty members may struggle with the grading of written assignments. A writing team, consisting of a nursing faculty member, the school of nursing library liaison, and members from academic support services, implemented strategies including workshops, handouts, and use of exemplars to improve student writing and to provide support to faculty. Few students sought help from the writing team...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#14
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#15
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622943/cardiac-rehabilitation-costs
#16
Mahshid Moghei, Karam Turk-Adawi, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Paul Oh, Caroline Chessex, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and its cost-effectiveness, it is not widely received. Arguably, capacity could be greatly increased if lower-cost models were implemented. The aims of this review were to describe: the costs associated with CR delivery, approaches to reduce these costs, and associated implications. METHODS: Upon finalizing the PICO statement, information scientists were enlisted to develop the search strategy of MEDLINE, Embase, CDSR, Google Scholar and Scopus...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622007/starting-off-on-the-best-foot-a-review-of-message-framing-and-message-tailoring-and-recommendations-for-the-comprehensive-messaging-strategy-for-sustained-behavior-change
#17
J Paige Pope, Luc Pelletier, Camille Guertin
Health promotion programs represent a salient means through which physical activity promoters can cultivate positive health behavior change and maintenance. The messages communicated within these programs serve as an essential component as they are often used to convey valuable information, resources, or tools that facilitate health behavior initiation and sustained engagement. Identifying the most effective way to communicate health promotion information is, therefore, of considerable importance to ensuring that people not only attend to these messages, but also connect with and internalize the information conveyed within them...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622005/patients-perspectives-of-oral-healthcare-providers-communication-considering-the-impact-of-message-source-and-content
#18
Ashley E Fico, Carolyn Lagoe
This study explores patients' perceptions of positive and negative communication experiences with dentists and dental hygienists using a sample of 267 individuals who reported having a general dental provider. Patients' oral health literacy, dental mistrust, use of dental health services, anxiety, and provider satisfaction are examined on the basis of reported communication experiences in the dental context. When comparing participants who had or had not experienced positive communication with a dentist, individuals with positive experiences demonstrated significantly higher levels of oral health literacy and provider satisfaction, as well as lower levels of dental mistrust...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620459/on-the-origin-of-nonequivalent-states-how-we-can-talk-about-preprints
#19
Cameron Neylon, Damian Pattinson, Geoffrey Bilder, Jennifer Lin
Increasingly, preprints are at the center of conversations across the research ecosystem. But disagreements remain about the role they play. Do they "count" for research assessment? Is it ok to post preprints in more than one place? In this paper, we argue that these discussions often conflate two separate issues, the history of the manuscript and the status granted it by different communities. In this paper, we propose a new model that distinguishes the characteristics of the object, its "state", from the subjective "standing" granted to it by different communities...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602027/assistive-technology-for-memory-support-in-dementia
#20
REVIEW
Henriëtte G Van der Roest, Jennifer Wenborn, Channah Pastink, Rose-Marie Dröes, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The sustained interest in electronic assistive technology in dementia care has been fuelled by the urgent need to develop useful approaches to help support people with dementia at home. Also the low costs and wide availability of electronic devices make it more feasible to use electronic devices for the benefit of disabled persons. Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices designed to support people with dementia are usually referred to as Assistive Technology (AT) or Electronic Assistive Technology (EAT)...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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