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Scholarly communication

R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health programs and policies in Thailand, research on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is needed. The aims of this scoping review were to: (i) map all available evidence on PA and SB in Thailand; (ii) identify research gaps; and (iii) suggest directions for future research...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Reza Dehnavieh, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Ardeshir Khosravi, Fahime Hoseinabadi, Hamed Rahimi, Atousa Poursheikhali, Nahid Khajehpour, Zahra Khajeh, Nadia Mirshekari, Marziyeh Hasani, Samera Radmerikhi, Hajar Haghighi, Mohammad Hossain Mehrolhassani, Elaheh Kazemi, Saeide Aghamohamadi
BACKGROUND: Health information systems offer many potential benefits for healthcare, including financial benefits and for improving the quality of patient care. The purpose of District Health Information Systems (DHIS) is to document data that are routinely collected in all public health facilities in a country using the system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the strengths and operational challenges of DHIS2, with a goal to enable decision makers in different counties to more accurately evaluate the outcomes of introducing DHIS2 into their particular country...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
Katherine Gregory
In the last 20 years, qualitative research scholars have begun to interrogate methodological and analytic issues concerning online research settings as both data sources and instruments for digital methods. This article examines the adaptation of parts of a qualitative research curriculum for understanding online communication settings. I propose methodological best practices for researchers and educators that I developed while teaching research methods to undergraduate and graduate students across disciplinary departments and discuss obstacles faced during my own research while gathering data from online sources...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Ahmad Yahyazadeh, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Arife Ahsen Kaplan, Gamze Altun, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Devra Davis
Humans are exposed to increasing levels of electromagnetic fields (EMF) at various frequencies as technology advances. In this context, improving understanding of the biological effects of EMF remains an important, high priority issue. Although a number of studies in this issue and elsewhere have focused on the mechanisms of the oxidative stress caused by EMF, the precise understanding of the processes involved remains to be elucidated. Due to unclear results among the studies, the issue of EMF exposure in the literature should be evaluated at the genomic level on the reproductive system...
May 25, 2018: Environmental Research
Mishal S Khan, Peregrine Rothman-Ostrow, Julia Spencer, Nadeem Hasan, Mirzet Sabirovic, Afifah Rahman-Shepherd, Nabila Shaikh, David L Heymann, Osman Dar
BACKGROUND: The recent increase in attention to linkages between human health, animal health, and the state of the environment has resulted in the rapid growth of networks that facilitate collaboration between these sectors. This study ascertained whether duplication of efforts is occurring across networks, which stakeholders are being engaged, and how frequently monitoring and evaluation of investments is being reported. METHODS: This study is a systematic analysis of One Health networks (OHNs) in Africa, Asia, and Europe...
June 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
Berkeley Franz, John W Murphy
BACKGROUND: Despite an expansive literature on communication in medicine, the role of language is dealt with mostly indirectly. Recently, narrative medicine has emerged as a strategy to improve doctor-patient communication and integrate patient perspectives. However, even in this field which is predicated on language use, scholars have not specifically reflected on how language functions in medicine. METHODS: In this theoretical paper, the authors consider how different models of language use, which have been proposed in the philosophical literature, might be applied to communication in medicine...
June 5, 2018: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Mohammed Senitan, Ali Hassan Alhaiti, James Gillespie
Purpose: This systematic review aims to explore patient satisfaction (PS) among patients who used Ministry of Health (MoH) primary care centres in Saudi Arabia, with a focus on their communication with physicians. Data sources: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Global Health, the Saudi Medical Journal, Annals of Saudi Medicine, the Journal of Family and Community Medicine and Google Scholar. Study selection/Data extraction: The review focused on studies concerning PS in Saudi MoH primary care centres published between 2005 and 2017...
May 10, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Michelle Honey
Students expect to use technology in their study just as they use technology in other aspects of their life. Technology is embedded in the day-to-day work of nursing, and therefore needs to be integrated in education to prepare students to assume professional roles and develop skills for lifelong learning. A quantitative descriptive study, using an anonymous survey, explored how undergraduate student nurses from one New Zealand school of nursing, access information and communication technologies for their learning...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Laura D Russell
Health communication scholars grapple with complex issues, many of which probe embodied sensibilities. This essay narrates a profound, unexpected moment that gives rise to notions of trust, vulnerability, and risks involved when conducting fieldwork. The author explains how embodied interactions bring forth latent constructs pertinent to health communication research, both for investigative practices and applied purposes. Furthermore, the author questions how symbolic acts demonstrated by research participants may illuminate powerful meanings yet simultaneously pose potential dangers for researchers...
May 31, 2018: Health Communication
Alireza Mousavi Jarahi, Porya Keihani, Esmaiel Vaziri, Mansoureh Feizabadi
Today, research is seen as an investment to promote innovation and maintain sustainable social-economic development in all societies. The growth of scientific products and the expansion of knowledge in different scientific fields have entailed more attention to assessments and the impact evaluation of both outcome and process of researchers in all fields. In light of this need, policymakers in the medical field have paid more attention to evaluating the outcomes of research in terms of its impact on the society using many different indicators...
May 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Lixiang Wang, Qingyi Meng, Tao Yu
To promote the technical training and scientific popularization of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China, the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Specialized Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association combined with the Science Popularization Branch of the Chinese Medical Association wrote "2018 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China". The formation was based on the general outline about "2016 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China", and to implement the important strategies included the "three pre" policy, prevention, precognition, and pre-warning, before the cardiac arrest (CA); the "three modernization" methods, standardized, diversified and individualized, during the CA; and the "three life" strategies, the rebirth, the extra and the extended, after the CA; and also combined with the concrete National conditions and clinical practice of China area...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Helena Solleiro-Villavicencio, Selva Rivas-Arancibia
In a state of oxidative stress, there is an increase of reactive species, which induce an altered intracellular signaling, leading to dysregulation of the inflammatory response. The inability of the antioxidant defense systems to modulate the proinflammatory response is key to the onset and progression of neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of this work is to review the effect of the state of oxidative stress on the loss of regulation of the inflammatory response on the microglia and astrocytes, the induction of different CD4+ T cell populations in neuroinflammation, as well as its role in some neurodegenerative diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Howard B A Baum
Context: Clinical endocrinology is a field driven largely by numerical parameters. To achieve outstanding patient care, however, the clinical endocrinologist must employ a range of skills which can collectively be called "clinical excellence." While there is extensive published guidance regarding appropriate medical management and outcomes for endocrine patients, there has been no consensus definition of excellence in the field, nor any recommendation as to how excellence can be achieved...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Marlies Lefever, Saskia Decuman, François Perl, Lutgart Braeckman, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Disability management (DM) is a systematic method to ensure job-retention and job-reintegration in competitive employment for individuals with a disability. There is evidence that 'returning to work' has a positive impact on the individual, the company and on the society. However, a clear overview of the efficacy and efficiency of the DM programs is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy and efficiency of the disability management programs...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Long Wang, Li Cai, Hai Qian, Michael T Lawton, Xiang'en Shi
OBJECTIVE: In situ side-to-side (STS) revascularization is an intracranial-intracranial (IC-IC) bypass technique that is increasingly used to treat complex aneurysms and cerebral ischemia. This sophisticated technique involves connecting two proximal parallel vessels to create an artificial conduit for blood flow. This study aims to provide a detailed description of the configuration of the STS bypass technique and extensive information regarding its technical characteristics, current anastomosis approaches and surgical significance...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Bankole K Oyewole, Victor J Animasahun, Helena J Chapman
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the most important preventable cause of premature death and major risk factor for non-communicable diseases. Due to strict tobacco legislation in the western hemisphere, many African nations like Nigeria have shifted from being a tobacco-producing nation to a tobacco-consuming one. The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing literature on tobacco use among Nigerian adolescents and young people and identify the prevalence, distribution and factors influencing of tobacco smoking...
2018: PloS One
Ben Hughes, Mary R O'Brien, Anita Flynn, Katherine Knighting
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of young people are living with life-limiting conditions. Current research about advance care planning for young people indicates differing experiences for those involved. Understanding how far young people are engaged in their own advance care plan is important to shape future practice and facilitate young people's wishes. AIM: To identify and assess the current evidence to determine the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of young people in their own advance care planning process...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
Rachael A Record, Will R Silberman, Joshua E Santiago, Taewook Ham
Given the wide use of social media, these platforms have become important channels for understanding health-related information engagement processes. Reddit is a social media platform dedicated to user-generated content and discourse around the world. However, little research exists regarding use of the platform. Guided by the diffusion of innovation theory, the purpose of this study was to analyze Reddit users' behaviors on the platform related to perceptions of information credibility, health information seeking, and behavioral enactment of information found...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
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