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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338631/death-of-an-ex-spouse-lessons-in-family-communication-about-disenfranchised-grief
#1
Jillian A Tullis
The death of a loved one is an emotional-laden experience, and while grief and mourning rituals are less formal today in many communities, there remain some social norms for individuals to process loss. The death of an ex-family member, such as a former spouse, is more complicated and expectations for how to respond are fraught with uncertainty. While grief has been studied and is primarily understood as an individual cognitive process, scholars in sociology and communication are considering the ways in which grief and mourning are social and take place in dialogue with others...
March 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320112/multiple-sclerosis-patients-understanding-and-preferences-for-risks-and-benefits-of-disease-modifying-drugs-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Gurpreet K Reen, Eli Silber, Dawn W Langdon
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are faced with complex risk-benefit profiles of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) when making treatment decisions. For effective shared decision-making, MS patients should understand the risks and benefits of DMDs and make treatment decisions based on personal preferences. METHODS: This is an inclusive systematic review to primarily assess current understanding of MS patients for information about DMDs provided during the standard healthcare system...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301418/in-the-beginning-there-is-the-introduction-and-your-study-hypothesis
#3
Thomas R Vetter, Edward J Mascha
Writing a manuscript for a medical journal is very akin to writing a newspaper article-albeit a scholarly one. Like any journalist, you have a story to tell. You need to tell your story in a way that is easy to follow and makes a compelling case to the reader. Although recommended since the beginning of the 20th century, the conventional Introduction-Methods-Results-And-Discussion (IMRAD) scientific reporting structure has only been the standard since the 1980s. The Introduction should be focused and succinct in communicating the significance, background, rationale, study aims or objectives, and the primary (and secondary, if appropriate) study hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263727/an-integrative-review-of-technology-to-support-communication-with-parents-of-infants-in-the-nicu
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth G Epstein, Jaqueline Arechiga, Margaret Dancy, Jordan Simon, Daniel Wilson, Jeanne L Alhusen
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize findings from the published literature on the use of technology in the NICU to improve communications and interactions among health care providers, parents, and infants. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases including Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched for related research published through May 2016. The reference lists of all studies were reviewed, and a hand search of key journals was also conducted to locate eligible studies...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254269/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
P Iaccarino Idelson, L Scalfi, G Valerio
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A decreased adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may be related to a rise in chronic non-communicable diseases from childhood onward. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the available literature regarding MD adherence in children and adolescents, and focusing, more specifically, on the association of MD adherence with demographic and anthropometric variables, body composition, lifestyle, and diet adequacy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A search of scientific literature was carried out on PUBMED, SCOPUS, Clinical Trials Results, Google Scholar, and British Library Inside for studies published in the last 20 years...
January 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248694/making-management-skills-a-core-component-of-medical-education
#6
Christopher G Myers, Peter J Pronovost
Physicians are being called upon to engage in greater leadership and management in increasingly complex and dynamic health care organizations. Yet, management skills are largely undeveloped in medical education. Without formal management training in the medical curriculum, physicians are left to cultivate their leadership and management abilities through a haphazard array of training programs or simply through trial and error, with consequences that may range from frustration among staff to reduced quality of care and increased risk of patient harm...
February 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243481/stigma-experienced-by-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-descriptive-review-of-qualitative-studies
#7
REVIEW
Marina Maffoni, Anna Giardini, Antonia Pierobon, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms. Both of them imply a negative impact on Health-Related Quality of Life. A significant one is the stigma experienced by the parkinsonian patients and their caregivers. Moreover, stigma may affect everyday life and patient's subjective and relational perception and it may lead to frustration and isolation. Aim of the present work is to qualitatively describe the stigma of PD patients stemming from literature review, in order to catch the subjective experience and the meaning of the stigma construct...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241756/medical-students-experiences-of-their-own-professional-development-during-three-clinical-terms-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#8
Susanne Kalén, Hanna Lachmann, Maria Varttinen, Riitta Möller, Tomas S Bexelius, Sari Ponzer
BACKGROUND: A modern competency-based medical education is well implemented globally, but less is known about how the included learning activities contribute to medical students' professional development. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish medical students' perceptions of the offered learning activities and their experiences of how these activities were connected to their professional development as defined by the CanMEDS framework. METHODS: A prospective mixed method questionnaire study during three terms (internal medicine, scientific project, and surgery) in which data were collected by using contextual activity sampling system, i...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237956/status-of-patient-safety-culture-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Mustafa Elmontsri, Ahmed Almashrafi, Ricky Banarsee, Azeem Majeed
OBJECTIVES: To explore the status of patient safety culture in Arab countries based on the findings of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC). DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We performed electronic searches of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest and PsychINFO, Google Scholar and PubMed databases, with manual searches of bibliographies of included articles and key journals. We included studies that were conducted in the Arab countries that were focused on patient safety culture...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198523/diversity-among-posterior-thalamoperforating-branches-originated-from-p1-segment-systematic-review
#10
Cezary Grochowski, Ryszard Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: The P1 segment of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) begins at the termination of the basilar artery and ends at the origin of posterior communicating artery (PCoM), within the interpeduncular cistern. Perforating branches arising from this segment are called posterior thalamoperforating arteries and the main and biggest artery among those is called thalamoperforating artery (TPA). Perforating branches are a crucial component of cerebrovascular system supplying the posterior part of the thalamus, subthalamus, hypothalamus, substantia nigra, perforated substance, posterior part of internal capsule and the nucleus of III and IV cranial nerve...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192674/designing-visual-aids-that-promote-risk-literacy
#11
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T Cokely
Background Effective risk communication is essential for informed decision making. Unfortunately, many people struggle to understand typical risk communications because they lack essential decision-making skills. Objective The aim of this study was to review the literature on the effect of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, and to evaluate the benefits of visual aids in risk communication. Method We present a conceptual framework describing the influence of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, followed by a systematic review of the benefits of visual aids in risk communication for people with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187953/factors-related-to-early-intervention-part-c-enrollment-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Erica Twardzik, Coral Cotto-Negrón, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The first few years of life are critical for the healthy growth and development of every child. Enrolling children with disabilities or at risk of developmental delay into early intervention services is essential to successfully meet their physical, cognitive, communication, socio-emotional and adaptive needs. However, many children throughout in the United States who are eligible for public services, including early intervention services, are not accessing them. Research has yet to fully describe low enrollment rates and variability in enrollment into early intervention services...
January 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178910/medtalks-developing-teaching-abilities-and-experience-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#13
Suhair Bandeali, Albert Chiang, Christopher J Ramnanan
OBJECTIVES: According to the CanMEDS' Scholar competency, physicians are expected to facilitate the learning of colleagues, patients and other health professionals. However, most medical students are not provided with formal opportunities to gain teaching experience with objective feedback. METHODS: To address this, the University's Medical Education Interest Group (MEIG) created a pilot teaching program in January 2015 entitled 'MedTalks'. Four 3-hour sessions were held at the University Faculty of Medicine, where first and second year medical students taught clinically oriented topics to undergraduate university students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171741/effectiveness-of-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-anomia-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Monica Lavoie, Joël Macoir, Nathalie Bier
BACKGROUND: Technologies are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of language disorders and offer numerous possibilities, but little is known about their effectiveness and limitations. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of treatments delivered by technology in the management of post-stroke anomia. METHODS: As a guideline for conducting this review, we used the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162090/a-realist-review-of-mobile-phone-based-health-interventions-for-non-communicable-disease-management-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Daniel Opoku, Victor Stephani, Wilm Quentin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, the use of mobile phones is rising, expanding the opportunities for the implementation of mobile phone-based health (mHealth) interventions. This review aims to understand how, why, for whom, and in what circumstances mHealth interventions against NCDs improve treatment and care in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Four main databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) and references of included articles were searched for studies reporting effects of mHealth interventions on patients with NCDs in sub-Saharan Africa...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152741/quality-improvement-strategies-in-medical-oncology-a-qualitative-analysis-from-a-scoping-review
#16
Laavanya Dharmakulaseelan, Simron Singh, Adam E Haynes, Brian M Wong, Matthew C Cheung
203 Background: In 2001, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) outlined imperatives to improve quality of care. Quality improvement (QI) has since become essential to cancer care but barriers still exist to the publication of and participation in QI initiatives, including limited recognition for QI and uncertainty with methodologies. We sought to identify strategies used in QI in scholarly medical oncology literature to provide practical guidance for QI. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review using Arksey and O'Malley's framework...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151010/source-specific-exposure-to-contradictory-nutrition-information-documenting-prevalence-and-effects-on-adverse-cognitive-and-behavioral-outcomes
#17
Chul-Joo Lee, Rebekah H Nagler, Ningxin Wang
Communication scholars have raised concerns that the media present contradictory or conflicting information on health, science, and political issues, speculating that such information may have adverse effects on public cognitions, affect, and behaviors. However, the evidence base for the effects of contradictory messages remains thin. Using nutrition as a case example, this study builds upon this nascent literature by employing a three-wave panel dataset from a survey with a nationally representative sample of American adults...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150253/-the-role-of-nursing-education-in-the-advancement-of-the-nursing-profession
#18
Mei Chang Yeh
The present article discusses the role of nursing education in the advancement of the nursing profession in the context of the three facets of knowledge: generation, dissemination, and application. Nursing is an applied science and the application of knowledge in practice is the ultimate goal of the nursing profession. The reform of the healthcare delivery model requires that nurses acquire and utilize evidence-based clinical knowledge, critical thinking, effective communication, and team collaboration skills in order to ensure the quality of patient care and safety...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149800/parathyroid-cysts-the-latin-american-experience
#19
Alejandro Román-González, Natalia Aristizábal, Carolina Aguilar, Karen Palacios, Juan Camilo Pérez, Alejandro Vélez-Hoyos, Carlos Simon Duque, Alvaro Sanabria
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid cyst is an infrequent and unsuspected disease. There are more than 300 hundred cases reported in the world literature, a few of them are from Latin America. The experience of our centers and a review of the cases are presented. METHODS: Case report of a series of patients with parathyroid cyst from our institutions according to the CARE guidelines (Case Reports). A search of Medline, Embase, BIREME (Biblioteca Regional de Medicina) LILACS (Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud), Google Scholar and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library on Line) databases and telephonic or email communications with other experts from Latin-America was performed ...
December 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149662/practice-audit-publish-a-practice-reflection
#20
REVIEW
Robert Ferrari
Practice audits are useful opportunities to improve practice efficiency and effectiveness, reduce clinical errors, demonstrate quality care to stakeholders, promote high standards of practice, lower the risk of liability, and foster practice change. However, a benefit that is usually overlooked is the possibility of publication of the results of a practice audit. Publication (research) has a number of benefits for the clinician, including skill development as a scholar, communicator, professional, and collaborator...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
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