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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435394/mentor-mentee-relationship-a-win-win-contract-in-graduate-medical-education
#1
EDITORIAL
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433577/gaps-and-strategies-in-developing-health-research-capacity-experience-from-the-nigeria-implementation-science-alliance
#2
Echezona E Ezeanolue, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Dina Patel, Gregory Aarons, Ayodotun Olutola, Michael Obiefune, Patrick Dakum, Prosper Okonkwo, Bola Gobir, Timothy Akinmurele, Anthea Nwandu, Hadiza Khamofu, Bolanle Oyeledun, Muyiwa Aina, Andy Eyo, Obinna Oleribe, Ikoedem Ibanga, John Oko, Chukwuma Anyaike, John Idoko, Muktar H Aliyu, Rachel Sturke
BACKGROUND: Despite being disproportionately burdened by preventable diseases than more advanced countries, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) continue to trail behind other parts of the world in the number, quality and impact of scholarly activities by their health researchers. Our strategy at the Nigerian Implementation Science Alliance (NISA) is to utilise innovative platforms that catalyse collaboration, enhance communication between different stakeholders, and promote the uptake of evidence-based interventions in improving healthcare delivery...
February 12, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393683/a-cardiology-exhibit-at-a-science-museum-viewed-as-speech-acts-in-sequence
#3
David Haldane Lee
An exhibit about cardiology at a science museum is an elaborate form of health communication, with messaging happening across text, pictures, models, and videos. This qualitative case study uses concepts of speech act sequencing and interpellation to explain a series of multimodal exhibits about cardiovascular health. Health exhibits are described as verbal and audiovisual arguments combining assertions of information; directives to change behavior, and designations of risk candidacy-or sequences of assertive, directive, and declarative speech acts...
February 2, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377534/the-five-attributes-of-a-supportive-midwifery-practice-climate-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
E Brie Thumm, Linda Flynn
INTRODUCTION: A supportive work climate is associated with decreased burnout and attrition, and increased job satisfaction and employee health. A review of the literature was conducted in order to determine the unique attributes of a supportive practice climate for midwives. METHODS: The midwifery literature was reviewed and synthesized using concept analysis technique guided by literature from related professions. The search was conducted primarily in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376662/the-painful-duality-of-envy-evidence-for-an-integrative-theory-and-a-meta-analysis-on-the-relation-of-envy-and-schadenfreude
#5
Jens Lange, Aaron C Weidman, Jan Crusius
Despite envy's importance as a driver of social behavior, scholars disagree on its conceptualization. We review the literature and distinguish three incongruent theories: (a) Malicious Envy Theory (i.e., envy as uniform and malicious), (b) Dual Envy Theory (i.e., envy as taking on 2 forms, benign and malicious), and (c) Pain Theory of Envy (i.e., envy as uniform and driven by pain). Moreover, within and across theories, operationalizations of envy have included various different components. We integrate these conceptualizations using a data-driven approach, deriving a comprehensive theory of envy in 5 studies (total N = 1,237)-the Pain-driven Dual Envy (PaDE) Theory...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371904/computer-based-auditory-training-programs-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Manohar Nanjundaswamy, Prashanth Prabhu, Revathi Kittur Rajanna, Raghavendra Gulaganji Ningegowda, Madhuri Sharma
Introduction  Communication breakdown, a consequence of hearing impairment (HI), is being fought by fitting amplification devices and providing auditory training since the inception of audiology. The advances in both audiology and rehabilitation programs have led to the advent of computer-based auditory training programs (CBATPs). Objective  To review the existing literature documenting the evidence-based CBATPs for children with HIs. Since there was only one such article, we also chose to review the commercially available CBATPs for children with HI...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368117/beyond-v40-31-narrative-phenomenology-of-wandering-in-autism-and-dementia
#7
Olga Solomon, Mary C Lawlor
Research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and on Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and other types of dementia describes a behaviour called 'wandering', a term that denotes movement through space lacking intention or exact destination, as when a person is disoriented or not self-aware. In the U.S., 'wandering' in both ASD and AD has been examined mostly from a management and prevention perspective. It prioritizes safety while primarily overlooking personal experiences of those who 'wander' and their families, thus limiting the range of potentially effective strategies to address this issue...
January 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355341/toward-customer-centric-organizational-science-a-common-language-effect-size-indicator-for-multiple-linear-regressions-and-regressions-with-higher-order-terms
#8
Dina V Krasikova, Huy Le, Eric Bachura
To address a long-standing concern regarding a gap between organizational science and practice, scholars called for more intuitive and meaningful ways of communicating research results to users of academic research. In this article, we develop a common language effect size index (CLβ) that can help translate research results to practice. We demonstrate how CLβ can be computed and used to interpret the effects of continuous and categorical predictors in multiple linear regression models. We also elaborate on how the proposed CLβ index is computed and used to interpret interactions and nonlinear effects in regression models...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354198/the-virtual-hallway-consult-as-an-effective-means-of-continuing-professional-development-in-physiatry
#9
Karen Ethans, Tim Deutscher, Mayur Nankar
Background: A personal learning project (PLP) is an accredited form of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Canada, and is a self-initiated learning activity that is stimulated by a question, issue or dilemma in one's professional practice. Many complex cases or issues have no answers that are readily available. Many physicians rely day to day on other physician colleagues that they may consult in their institution. Given the paucity of same specialty Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation colleagues in Canadian centres, the idea of Virtual Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Hallway germinated, to provide a simple tool to extend our hallways to reach colleagues with similar interests across the country...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338746/cost-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-africa-a-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#10
REVIEW
Chipo Mutyambizi, Milena Pavlova, Lumbwe Chola, Charles Hongoro, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing recognition that non communicable diseases impose large economic costs on households, societies and nations. However, not much is known about the magnitude of diabetes expenditure in African countries and to the best of our knowledge no systematic assessment of the literature on diabetes costs in Africa has been conducted. The aim of this paper is to capture the evidence on the cost of diabetes in Africa, review the methods used to calculate costs and identify areas for future research...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#11
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323936/sleep-research-a-primer-for-media-scholars
#12
Liese Exelmans, Jan Van den Bulck
The average amount of sleep people of all ages get has declined sharply in the past 50 years. The detrimental health effects of sleep deprivation are well documented and substantial. Even though electronic media use often takes place in the hours before sleep, the extent to which media use may interact with sleep is understudied and not well understood. Communication scholars are well positioned to contribute to this area, as a systematic, theoretical understanding of the relationship between media and sleep is still lacking...
January 11, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#13
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304110/local-chatter-or-international-buzz-language-differences-on-posts-about-zika-research-on-twitter-and-facebook
#14
Germana Barata, Kenneth Shores, Juan Pablo Alperin
BACKGROUND: When the Zika virus outbreak became a global health emergency in early 2016, the scientific community responded with an increased output of Zika-related research. This upsurge in research naturally made its way into academic journals along with editorials, news, and reports. However, it is not yet known how or whether these scholarly communications were distributed to the populations most affected by Zika. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To understand how scientific outputs about Zika reached global and local audiences, we collected Tweets and Facebook posts that linked to Zika-related research in the first six months of 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297763/communication-accommodation-in-text-messages-exploring-liking-power-and-sex-as-predictors-of-textisms
#15
Aubrie Adams, Jai Miles, Norah E Dunbar, Howard Giles
This mixed-methods study applies Communication Accommodation Theory to explore how liking, power, and sex predict one's likelihood for using textisms in digital interpersonal interactions. Textisms are digital cues that convey nonverbal meaning and emotion in text communication. The main experiment used a hypothetical texting scenario to manipulate textism amounts (none/many) and participant's perceived power levels (low/equal/high) during texting interactions to examine the number of textisms participants used in subsequent responses in comparison to the number of textisms they viewed...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291121/tweeting-birds-online-mentions-predict-future-citations-in-ornithology
#16
Tom Finch, Nina O'Hanlon, Steve P Dudley
The rapid growth of online tools to communicate scientific research raises the important question of whether online attention is associated with citations in the scholarly literature. The Altmetric Attention Score (AAS) quantifies the attention received by a scientific publication on various online platforms including news, blogs and social media. It has been advanced as a rapid way of gauging the impact of a piece of research, both in terms of potential future scholarly citations and wider online engagement...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285407/designing-a-pain-management-protocol-for-craniotomy-a-narrative-review-and-consideration-of-promising-practices
#17
REVIEW
Susana Vacas, Barbara Van de Wiele
Background: Craniotomy is a relatively common surgical procedure with a high incidence of postoperative pain. Development of standardized pain management and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are necessary and crucial to optimize outcomes and patient satisfaction and reduce health care costs. Methods: This work is based upon a literature search of published manuscripts (between 1996 and 2017) from Pubmed, Cochrane Central Register, and Google Scholar...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284920/national-communicable-disease-surveillance-system-a-review-on-information-and-organizational-structures-in-developed-countries
#18
REVIEW
Hossein Bagherian, Mohammad Farahbakhsh, Reza Rabiei, Hamid Moghaddasi, Farkhondeh Asadi
Introduction: To obtain necessary information for managing communicable diseases, different countries have developed national communicable diseases surveillance systems (NCDSS). Exploiting the lesson learned from the leading countries in development of surveillance systems provides the foundation for developing these systems in other countries. In this study, the information and organizational structure of NCDSS in developed countries were reviewed. Methods: The study reviewed publications found on the organizational structure, content and data flow of NCDSS in the United States of America (USA), Australia and Germany that were published in English between 2000 and 2016...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284915/an-evaluation-protocol-for-picture-archiving-and-communication-system-a-systematic-review
#19
Mohsen S Tabatabaei, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Kamran Tavakol
Introduction: Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) serves to store, transmit, communicate and manage medical images. A logical evaluation protocol assists to determine whether the system is technically, structurally and operationally fit. The purpose of this systematic review was to propose a logical evaluation protocol for PACS, particularly useful for new hospitals and other healthcare institutions in developing countries. Methods and Materials: We systematically reviewed 25 out of 267 full-length articles, published between 2000 and 2017, retrieved from four sources: Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279048/when-personal-feels-invasive-foreseeing-challenges-in-precision-medicine-communication
#20
Chelsea L Ratcliff, Kimberly A Kaphingst, Jakob D Jensen
Precision medicine (PM) draws upon individual biological and psychosocial factors to create a personalized approach to healthcare. To date, little is known about how healthcare consumers will respond to such highly personalized guidance and treatment. The assumption is that responses will generally be favorable; yet in the media and in online public discussions about PM, concerns have been raised about invasions of privacy and autonomy. Findings from the tailoring literature-relevant because PM is, in a sense, "hypertailoring"-similarly suggest a potential for provoking unintended consequences such as personalization reactance, wherein perceived threat to one's privacy or freedom can lead to rejection of the personalized message or its source...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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