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Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765397/lvis-jr-device-for-y-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-wide-neck-intracranial-aneurysms-a-multicenter-experience
#1
Edgar A Samaniego, Aldo A Mendez, Thanh N Nguyen, Vladimir Kalousek, Waldo R Guerrero, Sudeepta Dandapat, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Ameer E Hassan, Alexander Drofa, Evgueni Kouznetsov, David Leedahl, David Hasan, Alberto Maud, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez
Background and Purpose: Complex wide-neck intracranial aneurysms are challenging to treat. We report a multicenter experience using the LVIS Jr stent for "Y-stent"-assisted coiling embolization of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. Methods: Seven centers provided retrospective data on patients who underwent Y-stenting. Technical complications, immediate posttreatment angiographic results, clinical outcomes, and imaging follow-up were assessed. Results: Thirty patients/aneurysms were treated: 15 basilar tip, 8 middle cerebral artery, 4 anterior communicating artery, 1 pericallosal, and 2 posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms...
April 2018: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741245/pathogenesis-and-diagnosis-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#2
REVIEW
M Levi
Several clinical conditions, in particular those associated with a systemic inflammatory response, can cause some degree of activation of coagulation but when the procoagulant stimulus is sufficiently severe and overcomes the natural anticoagulant mechanisms of coagulation, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) may occur. The clinical manifestations of DIC encompass multiorgan dysfunction caused by fibrin-platelet clots in the microcirculation, and bleeding caused by consumption of platelets and coagulation factors...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720054/newly-proposed-sepsis-induced-coagulopathy-precedes-international-society-on-thrombosis-and-haemostasis-overt-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-and-predicts-high-mortality
#3
Toshiaki Iba, Makoto Arakawa, Marcello Di Nisio, Satoshi Gando, Hideaki Anan, Koichi Sato, Yutaka Ueki, Jerrold H Levy, Jecko Thachil
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has been recognized as an urgent and critical condition in patients with sepsis. Therefore, unfamiliar and time-consuming tests or a complex scoring system are not suitable for diagnosis. Sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC), a newly proposed category delineated by a few global coagulation tests, has been established as an early warning sign for DIC. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of SIC, especially in relation to the score of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) for overt DIC...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703489/mechanisms-and-management-of-coagulopathy-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#4
Sachin David, Vikram Mathews
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subtype of leukemia which is associated with unique and distinctive coagulopathy. In the absence of treatment it is rapidly fatal and even after initiation of therapy the major cause of early mortality is related to hemorrhagic complications. The coagulopathy can be exacerbated with the start of treatment. In the absence of early hemorrhage related deaths the probability of cure exceeds 90% in low and intermediate risk patients and 80% even in high risk patients, highlighting the importance of understanding the pathophysiology of this complication and instituting prompt and appropriate management strategies...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697421/a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-scrub-typhus-with-acute-abdomen-and-septic-shock-in-a-child-the-role-of-leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-and-granulysin
#5
Po-Hsiung Chang, Yu-Pin Cheng, Po-Sheng Chang, Chiao-Wei Lo, Lung-Huang Lin, Chin-Fang Lu, Wen-Hung Chung
Scrub typhus is becoming a clinically important cause of acute undifferentiated febrile illness in Taiwan. The incubation period is between 6 and 21 days after exposure. It is transmitted by chiggers (larva of trombiculid mite) in long grasses and in dirt-floor homes, with infection characterized by a flu-like illness of fever, headache, and myalgia lasting approximately 1 week. It has various systemic manifestations, including GI symptoms. In some, the illness progresses to multiorgan dysfunction syndrome and death...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695178/sepsis-induced-coagulopathy-and-japanese-association-for-acute-medicine-dic-in-coagulopathic-patients-with-decreased-antithrombin-and-treated-by-antithrombin
#6
Toshiaki Iba, Makoto Arakawa, Jerrold H Levy, Kazuma Yamakawa, Hiroyuki Koami, Toru Hifumi, Koichi Sato
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in patients with sepsis represents a critical condition. Thus, a simple and rapid diagnosis is required. The purpose of this study was to compare the performances of a recently developed Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy (SIC) with the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) DIC. Four hundred nine patients with sepsis having coagulopathy and antithrombin activity of less than 70% and treated with antithrombin were retrospectively analyzed, and the SIC and JAAM-DIC criteria on days 1 (before treatment), 2, 4, and 7 were compared...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694265/too-hot-to-handle-a-case-report-of-extreme-pyrexia-after-mdma-ingestion
#7
Fritz-Patrick Jahns, Antonine Pineau Mitchell, Georg Auzinger
Hyperpyrexia is a well-documented adverse effect of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and is associated with a poor prognosis. There are currently limited published records of patients surviving a pyrexia of or greater than 43°C after MDMA intake. Rapid cooling and multiorgan support in an intensive care setting may offer patients the best chance of recovery. We present the case of a 16-year-old male who was admitted to our tertiary, adult intensive care unit (ICU) for unrecordable pyrexia (>43°C) after self-reported ecstasy intake...
April 25, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687787/drug-induced-thrombotic-microangiopathy-with-certolizumab-pegol
#8
Mehmet Baysal, Elif Gülsüm Ümit, Fatih Sarıtaş, Nil Su Kodal, Ahmet Muzaffer Demir
BACKGROUND: Certolizumab pegol is used to treat ankylosing spondylitis (AS), chron disease, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In contrast to other monoclonal antibodies such as infliximab and adalimumab, certolizumab does not contain an Fc fraction and hence, does not induce complement activation. In this case, we are presenting a case with thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) due to certolizumab pegol, with a touch of pathophysiological approach to TMA. CASE REPORT: A-39-year-old man with AS of ten years presented with fatigue...
April 24, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676380/fatal-meningococcal-septicemia-without-meningeal-signs-contribution-of-the-peripheral-smear-in-diagnosis-report-of-a-case
#9
Deepti Mutreja, Nikhil Moorchung, S J Manasa, Jeenu Varghese
Acute meningococcemia is characterized by extensive purpurae consisting of both petechiae and ecchymoses. This condition can be rapidly fatal without treatment due to shock and severe consumptive coagulopathy. We report a case of fatal meningococcal septicemia in a military recruit who presented with fever and associated rapidly progressive purpuric rash (purpura fulminans) without any meningeal signs. Evaluation revealed evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and multiorgan failure. Diplococci were demonstrated in peripheral blood neutrophils and monocytes...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651510/-vomiting-and-collapse-of-a-28-year-old-male-long-distance-runner-in-middle-european-summer
#10
J Herold, A Mitrasch, E Lorenz, U Lodes, I Tanev, R Braun-Dullaeus, F Meyer
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia often ends fatally and must therefore be promptly recognized and adequately treated. CASE: A 28-year-old man participated in a long-distance race (3 km) on a hot summer day (28 °C). The runner collapsed, had to vomit but continued the run and reached the finish. Neurologically, the patient presented with intermittent cerebral seizures. External cooling batteries were immediately applied and cold infusions were started. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit of the university hospital (body temperature 40...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649339/pathogenic-factors-associated-with-development-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulopathy-dic-in-a-tertiary-academic-hospital-in-south-africa
#11
Elizabeth S Mayne, Anthony L H Mayne, Susan J Louw
INTRODUCTION: Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) is a thrombotic microangiopathy arising from consumption of both coagulation factors and platelets. DIC is triggered by a number of clinical conditions including severe infection, trauma and obstetric complications. Early diagnosis and treatment of the underlying condition is paramount. A high clinical index of suspicion is needed to ensure that patients at risk of developing DIC are appropriately investigated. METHODS: In order to establish the clinical conditions most frequently associated with DIC, we reviewed all DIC screens received at a tertiary hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa over a 1 year period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594003/snake-bite-in-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-systemic-envenomation-and-delivery-of-a-live-baby-in-a-low-resource-setting-a-case-report
#12
Adebayo A Adewole, Osadolor A Ugiagbe, Temitope G Onile, Gabriel A Joseph, Oluwamayowa D Kassim, Patricia F Medupin, Abiodun S Adeniran
Background: Snake bite in the third trimester of pregnancy with late presentation, systemic envenomation; disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and delivery of a live neonate is uncommon in a low resource setting. Case: We present a 22 year old unbooked Gravida 3 Para 1+ 1 1alive lentiviral positive woman at 32 weeks gestation with snake bite, leg swelling, vaginal bleeding and labour pains. At presentation, there were anemia, tachycardia, hypotension; a gravid uterus with a single fetus in longitudinal lie, cephalic presentation, regular fetal heart rate and cervical dilatation of 3 cm...
October 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589832/acute-traumatic-coagulopathy-the-value-of-histone-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#13
Emel Ulusoy, Murat Duman, Aykut Çağlar, Tuncay Küme, Anıl Er, Fatma Akgül, Hale Çitlenbik, Durgül Yılmaz, Hale Ören
OBJECTIVE: Acute traumatic coagulopathy occurs after trauma with impairment of hemostasis and activation of fibrinolysis. Some endogenous substances may play role in this failure of the coagulation system. Extracellular histone is one such molecule that has recently attracted attention. This study investigated the association between plasma histone- complexed DNA (hcDNA) fragments and coagulation abnormalities in pediatric trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective case- control study was conducted in pediatric patients with trauma...
March 28, 2018: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583078/effectiveness-and-safety-of-treatment-with-direct-oral-anticoagulant-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-slow-flow-vascular-malformations-a-case-series
#14
Joana M Mack, Gresham T Richter, Shelley E Crary
BACKGROUND: Slow-flow vascular malformations (VM) can be associated with localized intravascular coagulopathy (LIC) that is characterized by elevated D-Dimer levels and low fibrinogen and platelets. This can lead to bleeding and clotting tendencies, which can give rise to functional limitations such as pain and swelling and even progress to disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a chart review of four patients with evidence of LIC who were started on rivaroxaban...
March 27, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554697/secreted-immunomodulatory-proteins-of-staphylococcus-aureus-activate-platelets-and-induce-platelet-aggregation
#15
Ulrike Binsker, Raghavendra Palankar, Jan Wesche, Thomas P Kohler, Josephine Prucha, Gerhard Burchhardt, Manfred Rohde, Frank Schmidt, Barbara M Bröker, Uwe Mamat, Jan Pané-Farré, Anica Graf, Patrick Ebner, Andreas Greinacher, Sven Hammerschmidt
Staphylococcus aureus can cause bloodstream infections associated with infective endocarditis (IE) and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). Both complications involve platelets. In view of an increasing number of antibiotic-resistant strains, new approaches to control systemic S. aureus infection are gaining importance. Using a repertoire of 52 recombinant S. aureus proteins in flow cytometry-based platelet activation and aggregation assays, we identified, in addition to the extracellular adherence protein Eap, three secreted staphylococcal proteins as novel platelet activating proteins...
March 19, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456340/acute-febrile-encephalopathy-in-children-a-prospective-study-of-clinical-features-etiology-mortality-and-risk-factors-from-western-india
#16
Kirti Gupta, Charul S Purani, Anirban Mandal, Amitabh Singh
Introduction: Acute febrile encephalopathy (AFE) in children is a medical emergency and could be a manifestation of many systemic and central nervous system pathologies. The clinical features of AFE are nonspecific and etiological spectrum variable depending on the studied population. Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out including children aged between 1 month and 12 years with AFE admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care hospital in Western India...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371734/haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-a-preterm-infant-a-case-report
#17
Na Mi Lee, Dae Yong Yi, Shin Weon Yoon, Soo Ahn Chae, In Seok Lim, Yong Sung Choi
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease with a sepsis-like progression that leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, especially in preterm infants. We present herein a case of HLH in a premature infant presenting with disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) and liver failure. A male infant, with weight 810g and delivered at the gestational age of 25 weeks and 2 days, was misdiagnosed with tyrosinaemia for several weeks. He presented with anaemia, thrombocytopaenia, persistent DIC, and elevated liver enzymes despite continuous transfusion and broad-spectrum antibiotics...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348275/microangiopathies-in-pregnancy
#18
Jailan Elayoubi, Kavitha Donthireddy, Divyesh Reddy Nemakayala
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a potentially reversible, life-threatening medical emergency. We present a case of a 21-year-old female with evidence of haemolytic anaemia based on the presence of positive markers of haemolysis. Negative Coomb's test, thrombocytopenia and placental infarcts raised suspicion for a thrombotic microangiopathy. She was diagnosed with TTP and managed with emergency plasma exchange. Her recovery was immediate.A presumptive diagnosis of TTP should be based on the presence of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia with thrombocytopenia and plasma exchange should be initiated while complete work up is pending...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346034/coagulopathy-in-severe-sepsis-interconnectivity-of-coagulation-and-the-immune-system
#19
Jason M Samuels, Hunter B Moore, Ernest E Moore
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) remains a challenging complication of infection with inadequate treatment and significant morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: Review of the English-language literature. RESULTS: Disseminated intravascular coagulation arises from the immune system's response to microbial invasion, as well as the byproducts of cell death that result from severe sepsis. This response triggers the coagulation system through an interconnected network of cellular and molecular signals, which developed originally as an evolutionary mechanism intended to isolate micro-organisms via fibrin mesh formation...
February 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248323/staphylococcal-scalded-skin-syndrome-an-uncommon-symptomatology-revealing-an-immune-deficiency
#20
H Ajmi, N Jemmali, S Mabrouk, S Hassayoun, M Ben-Ali, M-R Barbouche, M Mokni, S Abroug
Primary immune deficiencies associated with hyper-IgE syndrome are rare diseases with clinical features dominated by recurring cutaneous and visceral bacterial infections, particularly infections due to Staphylococcus species. Most of these infections are associated with milder inflammation compared to normal. We report a primary immune deficiency associated with a hyper-IgE syndrome revealed by a staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in a 5-year-old girl. The patient presented with a severe staphylococcal infection with extensive skin lesions and disseminated intravascular coagulation...
February 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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