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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145468/the-effects-of-non-surgical-periodontal-treatment-on-glycemic-control-oxidative-stress-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Kota Kataoka, Toshiki Yoneda, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Jun Wada, Manabu Morita
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only). METHODS: The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145431/effects-of-periodontitis-on-the-development-of-asthma-the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy
#2
Larissa Carbonera Candeo, Nicole Cristine Rigonato-Oliveira, Aurileia Aparecida Brito, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Cristiane Miranda França, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Rodolfo Paula Vieira, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Ana Paula Ligeiro-Oliveira, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
To evaluate whether periodontitis modulates lung inflammation in an experimental model of asthma as well as the photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with a reduction of lung inflammation. Seventy-two BALB/c male mice (~2 months) were randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 9): Basal, Periodontitis (P), P+PT, P+PT+PDT, Asthma (A), A+P, A+P+PT, and A+P+PT+PDT. Periodontitis was induced by using the ligature technique and asthma was induced by ovalbumin (OVA). PT was performed with curettes and PDT with methylene blue (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143453/professional-competencies-and-work-related-support-in-relation-to-periodontal-therapy-and-work-satisfaction-a-questionnaire-study-among-swedish-dental-hygienists
#3
A Liss, A Y Alian, J L Wennström, K H Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: To analyse dental hygienists' (DHs) views on professional competencies and behavioural interventions in the treatment of periodontitis patients, perceived work-related support and work satisfaction. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was distributed to all DHs employed at the public dental service in the county of Västra Götaland, Sweden. 302 (83%) responded to the questionnaire; 291 of these DHs stated that they on regular basis treated periodontitis patients and thus constituted the sample for analyses...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#4
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143185/osteogenic-prospective-of-deriving-human-dental-stem-cells-in-collagen-matrix-boost
#5
Tong-Jing Fang, Ding-Han Wang, Chia-Yu Wang, Raju Poongodi, Nien-Hsien Liou, Jiang-Chuan Liu, Ming-Lun Hsu, Po-Da Hong, Shih-Fang Yang, Meng-Lun Liu
Stem cells derived from oral tissue represent a highly attractive alternative source for clinical bone regeneration because they can be collected by non-invasive or minimally invasive procedures. Herein, we describe the human dental stem cells (DSCs) deriving from buccal fat pads (BFP), dental pulp (DP) of impacted teeth, and periodontal ligaments (PDL) to obtain BFPSCs, DPSCs, and PDLSCs, respectively. Cells were purified with selected medium and expanded through passages in stem cell culture medium. Purified cells were characterized for stemness by their growth rate, immunostaining, and multilineage differentiation ability...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142862/three-dimensional-printing-for-craniomaxillofacial-regeneration
#6
REVIEW
Laura Gaviria, Joseph J Pearson, Sergio A Montelongo, Teja Guda, Joo L Ong
Craniomaxillofacial injuries produce complex wound environments involving various tissue types and treatment strategies. In a clinical setting, care is taken to properly irrigate and stabilize the injury, while grafts are molded in an attempt to maintain physiological functionality and cosmesis. This often requires multiple surgeries and grafts leading to added discomfort, pain and financial burden. Many of these injuries can lead to disfigurement and resultant loss of system function including mastication, respiration, and articulation, and these can lead to acute and long-term psychological impact on the patient...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142443/oral-health-and-erectile-dysfunction
#7
REVIEW
Vijendra P Singh, Sunil K Nettemu, Sowmya Nettem, Rajesh Hosadurga, Sangeeta U Nayak
Ample evidence strongly supports the fact that periodontal disease is a major risk factor for various systemic diseases namely cardio-vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, etc. Recently, investigators focussed on exploring the link between chronic periodontitis (CP) and erectile dysfunction (ED) by contributing to the endothelial dysfunction. Both the diseases share common risk factors. Various studies conducted in different parts of the world in recent years reported the evidence linking this relationship as well as improvement in ED with periodontal treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140971/effect-of-s-mutans-and-s-sanguinis-on-growth-and-adhesion-of-p-gingivalis-and-their-ability-to-adhere-to-different-dental-materials
#8
Yan Tu, Xiaolong Ling, Yadong Chen, Yuan Wang, Na Zhou, Hui Chen
BACKGROUND Caries and periodontal diseases are caused by the biofilm formed by caries- and periodontal disease-related bacteria. Specific biofilms could be formed on different filling materials in oral cavity. Thus, to explore the inhibition effect of restorative filling materials on biofilm formation is of great significance in the treatment of caries and periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS The supernatants of S. mutans, S. sanguinis, and P. gingivalis suspension were combined with BHI broth. After 24 h, the live P...
November 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140387/full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-calvarium-bone-grafts-and-dental-implants-for-a-papillon-lef%C3%A3-vre-syndrome-patient-case-report
#9
Bassam M Kinaia, Kristyn Hope, Ahmed Zuhaili, Jean Francois Tulasne
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and severe periodontitis resulting in complete edentulism in late adolescence. The pathognomonic dental features of PLS are pathologic migration, hypermobility, and exfoliation of the teeth without any signs of root resorption. It has been suggested that an effective way to treat PLS patients presenting early in the disease progression is extraction of the erupted primary dentition or hopeless permanent teeth followed by antibiotic coverage with periodontal therapy for the remaining teeth...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140093/early-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-vertical-enamel-and-dentin-cracks
#10
Samer S Alassaad
Asymptomatic vertical enamel and dentin cracks can lead to multiple pathologic consequences ranging from caries to pulpal involvement, periodontal involvement, complete tooth fracture, and tooth loss if intervention is postponed. Early diagnosis, using magnification, tactile examination, transillumination, and dyes, and early restorative and occlusal treatments can be incorporated into daily practice to prevent further crack propagation before asymptomatic cracks become symptomatic and cause further damage to the dentition and surrounding tissues...
November 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139565/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-i-rare-primary-immune-deficiency
#11
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vikender Singh Yadav, Prabhat Chaudhari
Leukocyte adhesion defect I is a rare disorder (1:1,000,000) caused by diminished expression of CD-18 β2 integrins on leukocytes leading to abnormal adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis. Clinical manifestations include delayed separation of umbilical cord, omphalitis, recurrent severe infections, impaired wound healing, persistent oral ulcers, and severe periodontitis in primary and permanent dentition. A 5-year-old girl, second-born child to parents with consanguinity, presented with pain and mobility of lower teeth...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139559/associations-among-tooth-loss-systemic-inflammation-and-antibody-titers-to-periodontal-pathogens-in-japanese-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#12
N Aoyama, J-I Suzuki, N Kobayashi, T Hanatani, N Ashigaki, A Yoshida, Y Shiheido, H Sato, M Minabe, Y Izumi, M Isobe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is well known that there is a strong relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Tooth loss reflects an end-stage condition of oral diseases, such as periodontitis. Infection with specific periodontal pathogens is known as a possible factor that influences development of CVD. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the number of residual teeth and systemic inflammatory conditions in patients with CVD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We divided 364 patients with CVD into four groups, according to the number of residual teeth: (i) ≥20 teeth; (ii) 10-19 teeth; (iii) 1-9 teeth; and (iv) edentulous...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139209/protocol-for-a-new-concept-of-no-prep-ultrathin-ceramic-veneers
#13
Camillo D'Arcangelo, Mirco Vadini, Maurizio D'Amario, Zaccheo Chiavaroli, Francesco De Angelis
OBJECTIVES: No-prep veneers, although ideally considered the best option because of tooth structure maximum preservation, have been frequently criticized for some potential limitations including esthetic outcomes and periodontal complications. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A new protocol to optimize no-prep veneers restorations is presented. A key point of the proposed technique is to identify optimal margins' positions: margin is positioned in the point of maximum convexity of teeth, avoiding the over contouring of traditional no-prep veneers...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139168/hunter-gatherer-dental-pathology-do-historic-accounts-of-aboriginal-australians-correspond-to-the-archeological-record-of-dental-disease
#14
Judith Littleton
OBJECTIVES: Studies of hunter-gatherer oral pathology, particularly in Australia, often focus upon dental wear and caries or assume that historic studies of Aboriginal people reflect the precontact past. Consequently the range of population variation has been underestimated. In this paper dental pathology from human remains from Roonka are compared with a model of dental pathology derived from historic studies. The aim is to identify aspects of dental pathology indicative of regional or intra-population diversity...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138812/expression-and-regulation-of-the-erk1-2-and-p38-mapk-signaling-pathways-in-periodontal-tissue-remodeling-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement
#15
Liping Jiang, Zhen Tang
The present study aimed to investigate the expression and regulation of extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and p38 mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in periodontal tissue remodeling of orthodontic tooth movement. Sprague Dawley rats with orthodontic tooth movement were generated. After tension stress for 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days, the protein and mRNA expression levels of ERK1/2 and p38 in periodontal tissue were determined by western blotting and reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR), respectively...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138754/the-relation-between-periodontopathogenic-bacterial-levels-and-resistin-in-the-saliva-of-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#16
Natheer Al-Rawi, Farah Al-Marzooq
This study aims to investigate the relation between resistin and periodontopathogenic bacterial levels in the saliva of obese adults compared to healthy control and to examine whether salivary resistin can serve as a biomarker of type 2 diabetes in obese patients. A total of 78 saliva samples were collected from patients attending to the University Dental Hospital, Sharjah, UAE. The patients were divided into three equal groups: obese diabetics, obese nondiabetics, and nonobese nondiabetic control. Salivary resistin was measured using ELISA...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137082/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-periodontitis-in-taiwan-from-1997-to-2013-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#17
Hui-Chieh Yu, Ni-Yu Su, Jing-Yang Huang, Shiuan-Shinn Lee, Yu-Chao Chang
Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent oral diseases. In this study, we probed the nationwide registered database to assess the time trends of prevalence of periodontitis in Taiwan.A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the registered database compiled by the National Health Insurance provided by the Department of Health, Taiwan, from 1997 to December 2013.We found that the prevalence of periodontitis significantly increased from 11.5% in 1997 to 19.59% in 2013 (P for trend < .0001). The mean age ± standard deviation with periodontitis from 1997 to 2013 was 54...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134111/periodontitis-induced-by-bacterial-infection-exacerbates-features-of-alzheimer-s-disease-in-transgenic-mice
#18
Naoyuki Ishida, Yuichi Ishihara, Kazuto Ishida, Hiroyuki Tada, Yoshiko Funaki-Kato, Makoto Hagiwara, Taslima Ferdous, Mohammad Abdullah, Akio Mitani, Makoto Michikawa, Kenji Matsushita
Periodontitis is a localized infectious disease caused by periodontopathic bacteria, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis. Recently, it has been suggested that bacterial infections may contribute to the onset and the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, we do not have any evidence about a causative relationship between periodontitis and AD. In this study, we investigated by using a transgenic mouse model of AD whether periodontitis evoked by P. gingivalis modulates the pathological features of AD. Cognitive function was significantly impaired in periodontitis-induced APP-Tg mice, compared to that in control APP-Tg mice...
2017: NPJ Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133962/chronic-periodontitis-and-the-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-methodological-issues
#19
Z Cheraghi, A Doosti-Irani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132440/influence-of-successful-periodontal-intervention-in-renal-disease-inspired-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-clinical-trial
#20
Praveen Sharma, Paul Cockwell, Thomas Dietrich, Charles Ferro, Natalie Ives, Iain L C Chapple
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit increased morbidity and mortality which is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory burden. Identifying and managing comorbid diseases that contribute to this load may inform novel care pathways that could have a beneficial impact on the morbidity/mortality associated with CKD. Periodontitis, a highly prevalent, chronic inflammatory disease affecting the supporting structures of teeth, is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory and oxidative stress burden and the successful treatment of periodontitis has been shown to reduce both...
November 13, 2017: Trials
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