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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#1
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#2
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910120/at-the-margins-of-biomedicine-the-ambiguous-position-of-registered-medical-practitioners-in-rural-indian-healthcare
#3
Papreen Nahar, Nanda Kishore Kannuri, Sitamma Mikkilineni, G V S Murthy, Peter Phillimore
This analysis challenges a tendency in public health and the social sciences to associate India's medical pluralism with a distinction between biomedicine, as a homogeneous entity, and its non-biomedical 'others'. We argue that this overdrawn dichotomy obscures the important part played by 'informal' biomedical practice, an issue with salience well beyond India. Based on a qualitative study in rural Andhra Pradesh, South India, we focus on a figure little discussed in the academic literature - the Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP) - who occupies a niche in the medical market-place as an informal exponent of biomedical treatment...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909947/vaccine-rejecting-parents-engagement-with-expert-systems-that-inform-vaccination-programs
#4
Katie Attwell, Julie Leask, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Paul Ward
In attempting to provide protection to individuals and communities, childhood immunization has benefits that far outweigh disease risks. However, some parents decide not to immunize their children with some or all vaccines for reasons including lack of trust in governments, health professionals, and vaccine manufacturers. This article employs a theoretical analysis of trust and distrust to explore how twenty-seven parents with a history of vaccine rejection in two Australian cities view the expert systems central to vaccination policy and practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909639/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-alberta-canada-a-population-based-study
#5
Hong-Wei Liu, Marc Kerba, Gerald Lim, Zsolt Gabos, Ivo A Olivotto, Anil Abraham Joy, Wilson Roa, Zoann Nugent, Harold Lau
BACKGROUND: Cancer care in Alberta, Canada is publicly funded and provides patients with access to health care facilities and providers. The distribution of patients and health services across Alberta presents challenges to the delivery of cancer care, especially radiation therapy. In this study, we examined the association between patient and health system factors, the use of radiation therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The provincial cancer registry was used to identify all patients who presented with clinical stage III NSCLC, diagnosed from 2005 to 2007, in Alberta...
October 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909073/accuracy-of-outpatient-service-data-for-activity-based-funding-in-new-south-wales-australia
#6
Esther N Munyisia, David Reid, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing research on activity-based funding (ABF), there is no empirical evidence on the accuracy of outpatient service data for payment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify data entry errors affecting ABF in two drug and alcohol outpatient clinic services in Australia. METHODS: An audit was carried out on healthcare workers' (doctors, nurses, psychologists, social workers, counsellors, and aboriginal health education officers) data entry errors in an outpatient electronic documentation system...
December 1, 2016: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908973/environmental-public-health-tracking-a-cost-effective-system-for-characterizing-the-sources-distribution-and-public-health-impacts-of-environmental-hazards
#7
P J Saunders, J D Middleton, G Rudge
BACKGROUND: The contemporary environment is a complex of interactions between physical, biological, socio-economic systems with major impacts on public health. However, gaps in our understanding of the causes, extent and distribution of these effects remain. The public health community in Sandwell West Midlands has collaborated to successfully develop, pilot and establish the first Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) programme in Europe to address this 'environmental health gap' through systematically linking data on environmental hazards, exposures and diseases...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907933/evaluation-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-s-knowledge-about-toxoplasmosis-in-rio-grande-rs-brazil
#8
Lis Maurente Lehmann, Paula Costa Santos, Carlos James Scaini
Introduction Toxoplasmosis a parasitic zoonosis of global distribution, responsible for disorders during gestation can cause fetal death or congenital anomalies. Objective To evaluate the knowledge of toxoplasmosis among pregnant and postpartum women treated at the University Hospital of the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 100 pregnant and postpartum women at the University Hospital. Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire and gave consent for data relating to serological examinations to be abstracted from their medical records...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907034/budget-impact-of-long-acting-insulin-analogues-the-case-in-brazil
#9
Fernanda O Laranjeira, Everton Nunes da Silva, Maurício G Pereira
BACKGROUND: Long-acting insulin analogues for type 1 diabetes (T1D) treatment have been available on the Brazilian market since 2002. However, the population cannot access the analogues through the public health system. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incremental budget impact of long-acting insulin analogues coverage for T1D patients in the Brazilian public health system compared to NPH insulin. METHODS: We performed a budget impact analysis of a five-year period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#10
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906909/asthma-among-employed-adults-by-industry-and-occupation-21-states-2013
#11
Katelynn E Dodd, Jacek M Mazurek
Workers in various industries and occupations are at risk for work-related asthma* (1). Data from the 2006-2007 adult Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), an in-depth asthma survey conducted with respondents who report an asthma diagnosis, from 33 states indicated that up to 48% of adult current asthma might be related to work and could therefore potentially be prevented (2). Identification of the industries and occupations with increased prevalence of asthma might inform work-related asthma intervention and prevention efforts...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906817/classifying-patients-complaints-for-regulatory-purposes-a-pilot-study
#12
Renée Bouwman, Manja Bomhoff, Paul Robben, Roland Friele
OBJECTIVES: It is assumed that classifying and aggregated reporting of patients' complaints by regulators helps to identify problem areas, to respond better to patients and increase public accountability. This pilot study addresses what a classification of complaints in a regulatory setting contributes to the various goals. METHODS: A taxonomy with a clinical, management, and relationship domain was used to systematically analyze 364 patients' complaints received by the Dutch regulator...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906198/population-screening-for-brca1-brca2-mutations-lessons-from-qualitative-analysis-of-the-screening-experience
#13
Sari Lieberman, Amnon Lahad, Ariela Tomer, Carmit Cohen, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Aviad Raz
PURPOSE: Population screening for BRCA1/BRCA2. mutations is being considered for Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) because 2.5% carry recurrent deleterious mutations and effective cancer prevention exists. This study aimed to provide a qualitative focus on perspectives of individuals, particularly carriers, who were tested through a screening trial. In this trial, the pretest process included only written information. METHODS: Interviews were performed with 26 carriers and 10 noncarriers who participated in a BRCA population screening trial for AJ...
December 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905980/temporal-evolution-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-rates-in-brazilian-capitals-1996-2011
#14
Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Vânia Hirakata, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of low birth weight (LBW) and its determinants in Brazilian state capitals between 1996 and 2011. We intended to determine which variables are associated with LBW during the period studied. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the National Information System of Live Births from 26 state capitals and Brasilia (the federal capital), divided into five geographical regions. The Average Annual Percentage of Change (AAPC) was used to assess the possible time trend in the low birth weight rates for considering all regions together and each region separately, according to each variable, and the Poisson regression was calculated in order to demonstrate time trends in low birth weight and the impact of variables (age and educational maternal level, antenatal visits, type of delivery, and gestational age) during the period...
May 3, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#15
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905953/improving-the-usefulness-of-us-mortality-data-new-methods-for-reclassification-of-underlying-cause-of-death
#16
Kyle J Foreman, Mohsen Naghavi, Majid Ezzati
BACKGROUND: Mortality data are affected by miscertification of the medical cause of death deaths and changes to cause of death classification systems. We present both mappings of ICD9 and ICD10 to a unified list of causes, and a new statistical model for reducing the impact of misclassification of cause of death. METHODS: We propose a Bayesian mixed-effects multinomial logistic model that can be run on individual record level death certificates to reclassify "garbage-coded" deaths onto causes that are more meaningful for public health purposes...
April 28, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905941/financing-strategies-to-improve-essential-public-health-equalization-and-its-effects-in-china
#17
Li Yang, Li Sun, Liankui Wen, Huyang Zhang, Chenyang Li, Kara Hanson, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, China launched a health reform to promote the equalization of national essential public health services package (NEPHSP). The present study aimed to describe the financing strategies and mechanisms to improve access to public health for all, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches, and showed evidence on equity improvement among different regions. METHODS: We reviewed the relevant literatures and identified 208 articles after screening and quality assessment and conducted six key informants' interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#18
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905869/neurogenic-effects-of-low-dose-whole-body-hze-fe-ion-and-gamma-irradiation
#19
Tara B Sweet, Sean D Hurley, Michael D Wu, John A Olschowka, Jacqueline P Williams, M Kerry O'Banion
Understanding the dose-toxicity profile of radiation is critical when evaluating potential health risks associated with natural and man-made sources in our environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose whole-body high-energy charged (HZE) iron (Fe) ions and low-energy gamma exposure on proliferation and differentiation of adult-born neurons within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, cells deemed to play a critical role in memory regulation. To determine the dose-response characteristics of the brain to whole-body Fe-ion vs...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#20
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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