Read by QxMD icon Read


Nazar Ileri Ercan, Pieter Stroeve, Joseph W Tringe, Roland Faller
We present a coarse-grained MARTINI model for methylene blue (MB) and investigate the interactions of MB with dioleylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) lipid bilayers by molecular dynamics simulations. Our results show that the charge state of MB and the oxidation degree of the DOPC bilayer play critical roles on membrane properties. Oxidation of the DOPC bilayer significantly increases permeability of water and MB molecules irrespective of the charge state of MB. The most significant changes in membrane properties are obtained for peroxidized lipid bilayers in the presence of cationic MB, with ~11% increase in membrane area per lipid head group and ~7% and 44% reduction in membrane thickness and lateral diffusivity, respectively...
March 19, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Chang-Gu Lee, Hassan Javed, Danning Zhang, Jae-Hong Kim, Paul Westerhoff, Qilin Li, Pedro J J Alvarez
Using a bi-polymer system consisting of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), P25-TiO2 was immobilized into thin film mats of porous electrospun fibers. Pores were introduced by dissolving sacrificial PVP to increase surface area and enhance access to TiO2. The highest photocatalytic activity was achieved using a PVDF:PVP weight ratio of 2:1. Methylene blue (MB) was used to visualize contaminant removal, assess the sorption capacity (5.93 ± 0.23 mg/g) and demonstrate stable removal kinetics (kMB > 0...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Kate Basley, Dave Goulson
Arable field margins are often sown with wildflowers to encourage pollinators and other beneficial or desirable insects such as bees and butterflies. Concern has been raised that these margins may be contaminated with systemic pesticides such as neonicotinoids used on the adjacent crop, and that this may negatively impact beneficial insects. The use of neonicotinoids has been linked to butterfly declines, and species such as the common blue butterfly ( Polyommatus icarus) that feed upon legumes commonly sown in arable field margins, may be exposed to such toxins...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Michail Mitsis, George A Alexiou, Evrysthenis Vartholomatos, Georgios Markopoulos, Diamanto Lazari, Entela Hodaj, Dimitrios Nastos, Panagiota Zagorianakou, Vasiliki Galani, Athanasios P Kyritsis
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy among women. Breast cancer cells may develop resistance to current chemotherapy, thus new chemotherapeutic agents are urgently needed. METHODS: A major number of drugs with anticancer activity have been isolated from plants. Herewith, we investigated for the first time the effect of N-(p-coumaroyl) serotonin (CS), isolated from Centaurea seed on a drug-resistant breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cells. Viability and proliferation of the cells were examined with trypan blue exclusion assay and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Chu Shan Tan, Mun Fei Yam
Previous studies have demonstrated that 3'-hydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone (TMF) content in Orthosiphon stamineus fractions correlate with its vasorelaxation activity. Even with the availability of previous studies, there is still very little information on the vasorelaxation effect of TMF, and few scientific studies have been carried out. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the vasorelaxation activity and mechanism of action of the TMF. The vasorelaxation activity and the underlying mechanisms of TMF were evaluated on thoracic aortic rings isolated from Sprague Dawley rats...
March 19, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Jian Zha, Mattheos A G Koffas
Microbial production of plant-derived natural products by engineered microorganisms has achieved great success thanks to large extend to metabolic engineering and synthetic biology. Anthocyanins, the water-soluble colored pigments found in terrestrial plants that are responsible for the red, blue and purple coloration of many flowers and fruits, are extensively used in food and cosmetics industry; however, their current supply heavily relies on complex extraction from plant-based materials. A promising alternative is their sustainable production in metabolically engineered microbes...
December 2017: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
Autumn Oczkowski, Bryan Taplin, Richard Pruell, Adam Pimenta, Roxanne Johnson, Jason Grear
Coastal ecosystems are inherently complex and potentially adaptive as they respond to changes in nutrient loads and climate. We documented the role that carbon stable isotope (δ13 C) measurements could play in understanding that adaptation with a series of three Ecostat (i.e., continuous culture) experiments. We quantified linkages among δ13 C, nutrients, carbonate chemistry, primary, and secondary production in temperate estuarine waters. Experimental culture vessels (9.1 L) containing 33% whole and 67% filtered (0...
February 14, 2018: Frontiers in Marine Science
Hamzah Mustak, Danica Fiaschetti, Adit Gupta, Robert Goldberg
Background: The eyebrow region presents challenges for filling: the skin is thick, the three-dimensional anatomy is complex and there is a predisposition towards fat atrophy and skeletonization with aging. Hyaluronic acid gel fillers are well known for their use in the periorbital region. We report our long-term experience with eyebrow filling over a period of five years. Methods: Twenty cases of periorbital eyebrow filling with hyaluronic acid gel fillers were followed up over a period of five years. The eyebrow filling was customized based on the patient's anatomical features in a three-dimensional plane...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Glynis Ablon
Within the field of dermatology, advances in the use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) have led to their clinical application for a variety of medical and cosmetic uses. Of note, one phototherapy device has demonstrated beneficial effects over a range of clinical applications (Omnilux™; GlobalMed Technologies, Glen Ellen, California). The study included a literature review of published studies. Using LEDs with frequencies of 415nm (blue), 633nm (red), and 830nm (infrared), this device has demonstrated significant results for the treatment of medical conditions, including mild-to-moderate acne vulgaris, wound healing, psoriasis, squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease), basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, and cosmetic applications...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Kordo Saeed, Christina Petridou, Hazel Gray, Matthew Dryden, Karen Davis-Blues, Sheryl Lucero, Natalie Parker, Taryn Keyser, Tanya Matthews, Nick Cortes, Stephen Kidd, Claire Thomas, Heather Peacock, Joanna Hornzee, Bruce Wake
Background: In Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, in addition to an on-the-spot investigation into hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by the infection prevention team, a multidisciplinary team root cause analysis (MDT-RCA) forum has been developed. The MDT-RCA aims to deliver a more thorough investigation into individual cases and the recommendation of cases to the clinical commissioning groups (CCG) appeals panel against potential financial penalties (£10,000 per breached case)...
March 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Kai Hu, Yongqiang Yang, Ling Lin, Qing Ai, Jie Dai, Kerui Fan, Pu Ge, Rong Jiang, Jingyuan Wan, Li Zhang
Inflammation is an energy-intensive process, and caloric restriction (CR) could provide anti-inflammatory benefits. CR mimetics (CRM), such as the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), mimic the beneficial effects of CR without inducing CR-related physiologic disturbance. This study investigated the potential anti-inflammatory benefits of 2-DG and the underlying mechanisms in mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lethal endotoxemia. The results indicated that pretreatment with 2-DG suppressed LPS-induced elevation of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 6...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Per Davidson, Ingegerd Carlsson, Peter Jönsson, Mikael Johansson
The aim of this study was to examine how a daytime nap affected the consolidation of fear learning. Participants first underwent fear conditioning during which they were exposed to a large and a small circle. One of these was repeatedly paired with an electric shock (making it the CS+), whereas the other circle was never paired with the shock (the CS-). After a delay interval containing either a nap or wake, participants again viewed the CS+ and the CS- intermixed with eight novel circles that varied in size between the two stimuli seen before, as well as a blue triangle that served as a novel stimulus without prior fear relevance...
March 15, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Ibrahim Sayed-Ahmed, Juan Carlos Murillo, Pedro Monsalve, Jan Paul Ulloa, Maria P Fernandez, James Wong, George Elgart, Anat Galor, Sander R Dubovy, Carol L Karp
PURPOSE: Blue nevus is a melanocytic tumor that is commonly found in the skin. Extracutaneous presentations, including the ocular surface, are rare. As such, the purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical features and clinical course of congenital melanocytic tumor (blue nevus) of the conjunctiva. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one patients with 23 blue nevi of the ocular surface that were excised surgically between 2000 and 2016...
March 15, 2018: Ophthalmology
Xun Liu, Shang-Qing Zhang, Xing Wei, Ting Yang, Ming-Li Chen, Jian-Hua Wang
A novel core-shell structure optical pH sensor is developed with upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) serving as the core and silica as the shell, followed by grafting bovineserumalbumin (BSA) as another shell via glutaraldehyde cross-linking. The obtained core-shell-shell structure is shortly termed as UCNPs@SiO2 @BSA, and its surface provides a platform for loading various pH sensitive dyes, which are alike "modules" to make it feasible for measuring pHs within different pH ranges by simply regulating the type of dyes...
March 6, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Masoud Erfani, Vahid Javanbakht
In this study, the removal of Methylene Blue dye was investigated by biocomposite beads synthesized from sodium alginate and wastes of oil extraction from almond peanut. Prepared biocomposite was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-Ray analysis. The adsorption capacities of Methylene Blue were investigated with respect to the effect of the adsorbent amount, pH value, and initial dye concentration. The kinetic adsorption data were analyzed by the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich, and intra-particle diffusion kinetic models...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Dewi Yunita, Christine E R Dodd
A commercial blue-veined cheese made from unpasteurized milk was examined by conventional culturing and PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of the bacterial community 16S rRNA genes using 3 primer sets, V3, V4V5, and V6V8. Genomic DNA for amplification was extracted directly from raw milk, starter culture, cheese at different stages of production, fully ripened cheese, and from the cultured cells grown on various media. The outer rind was sampled separately from the inner white core and blue veins...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Gülşah Uslu, Taha Özyürek, Koray Yılmaz, Mustafa Gündoğar, Gianluca Plotino
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the amount of apically extruded debris by Reciproc Blue (REC Blue; VDW, Munich, Germany), HyFlex EDM (HEDM; Coltene/Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland), and XP-endo Shaper (XPS; FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) files during root canal preparation at body temperature. METHODS: Sixty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolar human teeth were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n = 20). The canals were instrumented using 1 of the following instruments: REC Blue, HEDM, or XPS...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Chan Wang, Tantan Hu, Zhuoqi Wen, Jingdan Zhou, Xioajie Wang, Qian Wu, Chuanxi Wang
Nitrogen doping can effectly adjust the compositions and structures of carbon dots and hence enhance their fluorescence. In this work, we report a fast and low-cost route for synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) by microwave pyrolysis of citric acid and ammonium within 7 min. The as-prepared N-CDs contain plentiful oxygen and nitrogen functional groups, and dispaly intense fluorescence with high quantum yield of ca. 44.3% and have an average size of 1.8 nm. The obtained N-CDs exhibit highly stable against photobleaching, ionic strengths, and can be used for selective and sensitive detection of Fe(III)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Raquel Xavier, Joana L Santos, Ana Veríssimo
Cartilaginous fishes are the oldest jawed vertebrates and are also reported to be the hosts of some of the most basal lineages of Cestoda and Aporocotylidae (Digenea) parasites. Recently a phylogenetic analysis of the coccidia (Apicomplexa) infecting marine vertebrates revealed that the lesser spotted dogfish harbours parasite lineages basal to Eimeria Schneider, 1875 and the group formed by Schellackia Reichenow, 1919, Lankesterella Ames, 1923, Caryospora Leger, 1904 and Isospora Schneider, 1881. In the present study we have found additional lineages of coccidian parasites infecting the cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus Mitchill and the blue shark Prionace glauca Linnaeus...
March 16, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Morten Møller, Johannes R Busch, Christina Jacobsen, Sissel B Lundemose, Niels Lynnerup, Martin F Rath, Jytte Banner
The morphology and neurophysin expression of the magnocellular accessory neuroendocrine system located in the rostral human hypothalamus is investigated in a series of brains obtained at autopsy. The hypothalami were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin, or after cryoprotection, frozen for cryostat sectioning. Paraffin sections were either stained with Luxol Fast blue or immunoreacted for neurophysin I or neurophysin II, the precursor molecule for oxytocin and vasopressin. Further, 50-μm-thick serial cryostat sections were immunoreacted with the same antibodies...
March 16, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"