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Dry Eye Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755816/does-dry-eye-affect-repeatability-of-corneal-topography-measurements
#1
Aysun Şanal Doğan, Canan Gürdal, Mehmet Talay Köylü
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability of corneal topography measurements in dry eye patients and healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Participants underwent consecutive corneal topography measurements (Sirius; Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Florence, Italy). Two images with acquisition quality higher than 90% were accepted. The following parameters were evaluated: minimum and central corneal thickness, aqueous depth, apex curvature, anterior chamber volume, horizontal anterior chamber diameter, iridocorneal angle, cornea volume, and average simulated keratometry...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743147/incidence-of-sicca-syndrome-is-3-6-fold-higher-in-areas-with-farm-soils-high-in-chromium-and-nickel
#2
Ie-Bin Lian, Ie-Ran Wen, Che-Chun Su
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Chromium and nickel are important soil pollutants in Taiwan. Previously, we showed that blood chromium levels correlated strongly with soil chromium levels. Our observation that many patients with dry eyes or a dry mouth came from areas where soils contain high chromium levels prompted us to investigate whether incidence and prevalence of SS are higher in areas where soils contain high levels of heavy metals. METHODS: We used a database from national health insurance (NHI) to study the epidemiology of SS...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729448/quality-of-life-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-graves-orbitopathy-current-concepts
#3
REVIEW
Alice Bruscolini, Marta Sacchetti, Maurizio La Cava, Marcella Nebbioso, Angela Iannitelli, Adele Quartini, Alessandro Lambiase, Massimo Ralli, Armando de Virgilio, Antonio Greco
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune chronic thyroiditis frequently associated with development of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) characterized by proptosis, strabismus, impairment of visual function, ocular surface inflammation and dry eye. As consequence, patients with GO experience impairment of quality of life and social function and could develop a neurobehavioral syndrome, ranging from anxious to depressive or psychotic disorders. To date, the pathogenic mechanism underlying neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with GD has not been clearly understood...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726278/tear-film-evaluation-by-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy-during-retinal-imaging
#4
Ilkay Kilic Muftuoglu, Maria Laura Gomez, Natalie Afshari, Dirk-Bartsch Uwe, Amit Meshi, Raouf Gaber, Qisheng You, William R Freeman
PURPOSE: Herein, we describe a novel finding which appears as a reticular pattern on multicolor confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy image during routine imaging of retina and we aim to show whether there is an association between this pattern and dry eye findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 162 eyes of 81 patients that were scheduled for a routine retinal imaging by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy at a vitreoretinal practice underwent dry eye evaluation including corneal and conjunctival lissamine green staining, fluorescein staining, tear break-up time, and tear meniscus height measurement before acquiring any images...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724255/optimizing-acupuncture-treatment-for-dry-eye-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#5
Bong Hyun Kim, Min Hee Kim, Se Hyun Kang, Hae Jeong Nam
BACKGROUND: In a former meta-analysis review, acupuncture was considered a potentially effective treatment for dry eye syndrome (DES), but there were heterogeneities among the outcomes. We updated the meta-analysis and conducted subgroup analysis to reduce the heterogeneity and suggest the most effective acupuncture method based on clinical trials. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in 10 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTAL, AMED, SCOPUS, CNKI, Wangfang database, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS), Koreamed, J-stage) and searched by hand to compare the effects of acupuncture and artificial tears (AT)...
May 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708939/outcomes-of-thermal-pulsation-treatment-for-dry-eye-syndrome-in-patients-with-sjogren-disease
#6
Morgan R Godin, Sandra S Stinnett, Preeya K Gupta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of thermal pulsation treatment in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and dry eye secondary to Sjogren disease. METHODS: Twenty-four eyes from 13 patients with previously diagnosed Sjogren disease who presented to our institution with dry eye symptoms and had thermal pulsation treatment were prospectively followed up. Patients underwent comprehensive slit-lamp examination, including MGD grading, gland oil flow, corneal and conjunctival staining scores, and tear break-up time (TBUT)...
April 26, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708242/co-delivery-of-timolol-and-hyaluronic-acid-from-semi-circular-ring-implanted-contact-lenses-for-the-treatment-of-glaucoma-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#7
Ankita R Desai, Furqan A Maulvi, Mihir M Pandya, Ketan M Ranch, Bhavin A Vyas, Shailesh A Shah, Dinesh O Shah
Glaucoma is a chronic disease, which is currently treated using frequent high dose applications of an eye drop solution; this method is tedious, and most of patients are non-compliant to it. Contact lenses are emerging as a convenient option to sustain the release of ophthalmic drugs. However, the incorporation of a drug/formulation changes the optical and physical properties of contact lenses. Contact lens users have also reported pink eye syndrome; this makes contact lenses unsuitable to be accepted as a medical device...
April 30, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688698/direct-laser-writing-of-nanophotonic-structures-on-contact-lenses
#8
Bader AlQattan, Ali K Yetisen, Haider Butt
Contact lenses are ubiquitous biomedical devices used for vision correction and cosmetic purposes. Their application as quantitative analytical devices is highly promising for point-of-care diagnostics. However, it is a challenge to integrate nanoscale features into commercial contact lenses for application in low-cost biosensors. A neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser (1064 nm, 3 ns pulse, 240 mJ) in holographic interference patterning mode was utilized to produce optical nanostructures over the surface of a hydrogel contact lens...
April 24, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656524/the-prevalence-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-tear-film-and-ocular-surface-parameters-in-an-austrian-dry-eye-clinic-population
#9
Dieter Franz Rabensteiner, Haleh Aminfar, Ingrid Boldin, Gerold Schwantzer, Jutta Horwath-Winter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and its association with tear film and ocular surface parameters in an Austrian clinical population of dry eye patients. METHODS: The records of 1372 consecutive patients from a dry eye unit were analysed retrospectively. Symptoms and objective tear film and ocular surface parameters were evaluated. Patients were classified into pure MGD, pure aqueous tear deficiency (ATD), MGD combined with ATD, pure anterior blepharitis (AB), Sjogren's syndrome (SS) without MGD and SS together with MGD...
April 15, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655640/how-are-ocular-signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-associated-with-depression-in-women-with-and-without-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#10
John A Gonzales, Annie Chou, Jennifer R Rose-Nussbaumer, Vatinee Y Bunya, Lindsey A Criswell, Caroline H Shiboski, Thomas M Lietman
PURPOSE: To determine whether ocular phenotypic features of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and/or participant-reported symptoms of dry eye disease are associated with depression in women participants enrolled in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Women enrolled in the SICCA registry from 9 international research sites. Participants met at least one of five inclusion criteria for registry enrollment (including complaints of dry eyes or dry mouth, a previous diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), abnormal serology (positive anti-Sjögren's syndrome-related antigen A and/or B (anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB), or elevated anti-nuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor), bilateral parotid gland enlargement, or multiple dental caries)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627826/meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-primary-and-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#11
David A Sullivan, Reza Dana, Rose M Sullivan, Kathleen L Krenzer, Afsun Sahin, Beril Arica, Yang Liu, Wendy R Kam, Athena S Papas, Jennifer M Cermak
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that women with primary (pSS) and secondary Sjögren syndrome (sSS; with systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE] or rheumatoid arthritis [RA]) have meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). We sought to test our hypothesis. METHODS: Subjects with pSS, sSS + SLE, sSS + RA, and non-SS-related MGD were recruited from the Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation or outpatient clinics at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine or Brigham and Women's Hospital. The control population was recruited from the Greater Boston area...
April 6, 2018: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610453/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-associated-with-fanconi-s-syndrome-and-osteomalacia
#12
Jorge O Gutierrez, Maria F Zurita, Luis A Zurita
BACKGROUND Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, which is also known as sicca syndrome, due to the symptoms of dry eyes and dry mouth, and is associated with other connective tissue diseases and autoimmune diseases. Sjögren's syndrome can also be associated with renal involvement. Fanconi's syndrome is associated with impaired reabsorption in the proximal renal tubule associated with tubulointerstitial nephritis and is associated with renal tubular acidosis and hypophosphatemia...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602451/-autologous-serum-tears-long-term-treatment-in-dry-eye-syndrome
#13
M Beylerian, M Lazaro, J Magalon, J Veran, A Darque, F Grimaud, N Stolowy, H Beylerian, F Sabatier, L Hoffart
INTRODUCTION: Dry eye disease is a multifactorial pathology of the ocular surface. The high incidence of this pathology, as well as its significant impact on quality of life and vision and its financial cost, makes it a real public health problem. While the treatment of mild cases is generally simple and effective, treatment of severe forms is often disappointing. The use of autologous serum tears (AST) represents a therapeutic alternative for the most severe cases. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the efficacy of long-term AST treatment in patients with severe dry eye disease refractory to conventional treatment or secondary to systemic diseases such as Sjögren's syndrome or Graft versus Host disease (GVH), or ocular pathologies such as neurotrophic keratitis, chemical burns and ocular cicatricial pemphigoid...
March 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573863/-comparison-of-objective-optical-quality-measured-by-double-pass-aberrometry-in-patients-with-moderate-dry-eye-normal-saline-vs-artificial-tears-a-pilot-study
#14
G Vandermeer, Y Chamy, P-J Pisella
Dry eye is defined by a tear film instability resulting in variable but systematic fluctuations in the quality of vision. Variability in optical quality can be demonstrated using a double pass aberrometer such as the OQAS (Optical Quality Analyzing System, Visiometrics). The goal of this work is to compare fluctuations in objective quality of vision measured by OQAS between treatment with normal saline eye drops and treatment with carmellose 0.5% and hyaluronic acid 0.1% (Optive Fusion [OF], Allergan) in patients with moderate dry eye syndrome...
March 21, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573857/-oculoplastic-complications-of-the-excision-of-meningiomas-with-orbital-extension
#15
N Stoll, P Paquis, M Lonjon, S Baillif, J Lagier
INTRODUCTION: Meningiomas with orbital extension are the most frequent benign orbital tumors. The few studies available on the postoperative complications of their excision focus on the postoperative evolution of proptosis, visual acuity and visual field deficits. The goal of our study was to highlight the oculoplastic complications secondary to their excision. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We identified all cases of meningiomas with orbital extension undergoing excision either neurosurgically or via an orbital approach in the ophthalmology and neurosurgery departments of Pasteur university medical center in Nice between February 2011 and January 2017...
March 21, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566579/the-effect-of-ocular-lubricants-containing-benzalkonium-chloride-on-nasal-mucosal-flora
#16
Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ali Riza Cenk Celebi
PURPOSE: The effect of ocular artificial teardrop containing benzalkonium chloride (BAC) on nasal mucosa was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: . There were two different treatment trial groups. Each dry eye syndrome patient received the ocular lubricant treatment four times a day in both groups (one group containing BAC the other group was not). Moistened sterile cotton-tipped applicators were placed in both nostrils and were immediately cultured prior to ocular lubricant treatment and at the end of treatment trial...
March 23, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556704/factors-associated-with-severe-dry-eye-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-patients
#17
Mónica Fernandez Castro, Carlos Sánchez-Piedra, Jose Luis Andreu, Víctor Martínez Taboada, Alejandro Olivé, Jose Rosas
INTRODUCTION: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and other organs, resulting in dry eye, dry mouth and extraglandular systemic findings. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of severe or very severe dry eye with extraocular involvement in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: SJOGRENSER registry is a multicenter cross-sectional study of pSS patients...
March 20, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554368/eye-pain-and-dry-eye-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#18
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Markus Wettstein, Andreas Gerhardt, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine visual function and eye symptoms in fibromyalgia patients, with a particular focus on dry eye syndrome and eye pain. Methods: A tertiary care center-based cross-sectional study was carried out in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients without fibromyalgia were enrolled as a comparison group. Self-reported eye pain was investigated with the McGill pain questionnaire and the numeric rating scale...
March 15, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545413/efficacy-and-safety-of-0-1-ciclosporin-a-cationic-emulsion-in-dry-eye-disease-a-pooled-analysis-of-two-double-masked-randomised-vehicle-controlled-phase-iii-clinical-studies
#19
Andrea Leonardi, Elisabeth M Messmer, Marc Labetoulle, Mourad Amrane, Jean-Sébastien Garrigue, Dahlia Ismail, Maite Sainz-de-la-Maza, Francisco C Figueiredo, Christophe Baudouin
BACKGROUND/AIM: To assess the treatment effect of 0.1% ciclosporin A cationic emulsion (CsA CE) versus vehicle on signs/symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) in various subgroups (moderate-to-severe DED/severe DED/Sjögren's syndrome (SS)/SS with severe DED). METHODS: Pooled data were analysed from two similar phase III studies: SICCANOVE (moderate-to-severe DED) and SANSIKA (severe DED with severe keratitis). In both studies, patients aged ≥18 years received CsA CE 0...
March 15, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543662/perioperative-ocular-parameters-associated-with-persistent-dry-eye-symptoms-after-cataract-surgery
#20
Young Joon Choi, Si Yoon Park, Ikhyun Jun, Moonjung Choi, Kyoung Yul Seo, Eung Kweon Kim, Tae-Im Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate perioperative dry eye (DE) syndrome and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) parameters associated with persistent DE symptoms after cataract surgery. METHODS: We enrolled patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery without previous ocular comorbidities and previous use of ophthalmic treatment except for artificial tears at a single tertiary hospital. Lipid layer thickness, meibomian gland (MG) dropout, tear breakup time, Oxford staining score, lid margin abnormality, meibum quality, meibum expressibility, MG orifice obstruction, MGD stage, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), and Schirmer test score were prospectively assessed in order at baseline and 1 and 3 months postoperative...
June 2018: Cornea
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