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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431118/combining-human-epigenetics-and-sleep-studies-in-c-elegans-a-cross-species-approach-for-finding-conserved-genes-regulating-sleep
#1
Huiyan Huang, Yong Zhu, Melissa N Eliot, Valerie S Knopik, John E McGeary, Mary A Carskadon, Anne C Hart
Study Objectives: We aimed to test a combined approach to identify conserved genes regulating sleep and to explore the association between DNA methylation and sleep length. Methods: We identified candidate genes associated with shorter versus longer sleep duration in college students based on DNA methylation using Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip arrays. Orthologous genes in Caenorhabditiselegans were identified and we examined whether their loss of function affected C...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429902/validity-and-practicability-of-smartphone-based-photographic-food-records-for-estimating-energy-and-nutrient-intake
#2
Kaimeng Kong, Lulu Zhang, Lisu Huang, Yexuan Tao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Image-assisted dietary assessment methods are frequently used to record individual eating habits. This study tested the validity of a smartphone-based photographic food recording approach by comparing the results obtained with those of a weighed food record. We also assessed the practicality of the method by using it to measure the energy and nutrient intake of college students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The experiment was implemented in two phases, each lasting 2 weeks...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428146/the-correlation-between-mood-states-and-functional-connectivity-within-the-default-mode-network-can-differentiate-internet-gaming-disorder-from-healthy-controls
#3
Guangheng Dong, Hui Li, Lingxiao Wang, Marc N Potenza
The default-mode network (DMN) has been suggested to support a baseline state of brain activity. However, whether connectivity within the DMN is associated with mood states remains incompletely understood. The current study examined the correlation between mood state and the functional connectivity (FC) among DMN regions, and examined if the FC can differentiate Internet gaming disorder (IGD) from healthy controls (HC). Resting state data were collected within 108 college students (IGD,41; HC,67). Negative correlations were observed between measures of: (1) Depression and FCs among ventral DMN regions; (2) Anger and FCs among dorsal DMN regions; and, (3) Anger and Depression and FCs of both the ventral and dorsal DMN...
April 18, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426948/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-handgrip-strength-are-correlated-in-women-but-not-in-men-in-hui-ethnicity
#4
Hong Lu, Dan Shen, Lu Wang, Shibo Niu, Chunyue Bai, Zhanbing Ma, Zhenghao Huo
INTRODUCTION: Digit ratio, especially second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) is used as a biomarker of prenatal testosterone exposure and was found associated with physical ability, such as handgrip strength (HGS). Recently, this association has been discussed in several ethnic groups. AIMS: To investigate correlations between 2D:4D and HGS in Chinese population of Ningxia Hui ethnicity. METHODS: Here we firstly present the evidence on digit ratio and HGS of 346 college students (119 males and 227 females) by collecting photographs and HGS of both hands at Yinchuan city, in the Ningxia province of China...
April 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#5
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#6
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426348/traumatic-brain-injury-and-lifetime-suicidality-applying-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-perspective
#7
Claire N Bryson, Robert J Cramer, Adam T Schmidt
The present paper investigates the traumatic brain injury (TBI)-suicide link, assessing whether: (a) TBI accounts for variance in suicide risk, and (b) The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide can be applied to TBI status. Matched case-control procedures applied to archival college student health data identified TBI and non-TBI subsamples (84 total). Individuals with a TBI possessed higher suicide risk than those without. Even accounting for the relative influence of strong suicide risk factors (i...
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426314/the-influence-of-college-attendance-on-risk-for-marijuana-initiation-in-the-united-states-1977-to-2015
#8
Richard A Miech, Megan E Patrick, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
OBJECTIVES: To examine a potential increase in marijuana initiation among US college students as compared with their age peers not in college before and after 2013, a watershed year for increasing tolerance of marijuana use in the United States. METHODS: Data come from the Monitoring the Future study, which has followed longitudinal panels drawn from annual nationally representative, baseline samples of 12th-grade students starting with the class of 1976. We studied panel members aged 19 to 22 years who had never used marijuana by 12th grade between 1977 and 2015...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422626/navigating-the-hidden-curriculum-of-higher-education-for-postsecondary-students-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
Lucretia A Berg, Tracy Jirikowic, Katie Haerling, Ginger MacDonald
Students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) increasingly pursue postsecondary education (PSE). Navigating the hidden curriculum-including meeting prerequisites for PSE and employment, using support systems and community transportation, and carrying out adulthood expectations-is an area of challenge. This exploratory case study examined experiences of students with IDD attending a PSE program and stakeholder perspectives. Thirty-two participants (10 students with IDD, 5 parents or guardians, 4 college administrators, 8 college instructors, 4 occupational therapists, and a transition specialist) were interviewed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422574/social-cognitive-and-social-behavioral-correlates-of-suicide-risk-in-college-students-contributions-from-interpersonal-theories-of-suicide-and-depression
#10
Aubrey R Dueweke, Rebecca A Schwartz-Mette
OBJECTIVES: Joiner's interpersonal psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) is predated by literature examining maladaptive interpersonal behaviors associated with depression; however, research has not examined the potential relevance of such behaviors for the IPTS. The current study aimed to expand understanding of suicide risk by examining two maladaptive interpersonal behaviors in the context of Joiner's IPTS model. METHODS: Structural equation modeling examined associations between depressive symptoms, social-cognitive predictors of suicide, maladaptive interpersonal behaviors, and suicide risk in 228 college students (53...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422518/the-moderating-role-of-close-versus-distal-peer-injunctive-norms-and-interdependent-self-construal-in-the-effects-of-descriptive-norms-on-college-drinking
#11
Bo Yang
Based on the theory of normative social behavior (Rimal & Real, 2005), this study examined the effects of descriptive norms, close versus distal peer injunctive norms, and interdependent self-construal on college students' intentions to consume alcohol. Results of a cross-sectional study conducted among U.S. college students (N = 581) found that descriptive norms, close, and distal peer injunctive norms had independent effects on college students' intentions to consume alcohol. Furthermore, close peer injunctive norms moderated the effects of descriptive norms on college students' intentions to consume alcohol and the interaction showed different patterns among students with a strong and weak interdependent self-construal...
April 19, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420918/the-role-of-psychological-eating-styles-in-obesity-among-turkish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Nalan Hakime Nogay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College, Kirklareli, Turkey, from April to June 2014, and comprised students of the 2013-14 academic year. Height and weight were measured and students' body mass indexes were calculated. Waist and hip circumferences were measured...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419715/a-survey-on-faculty-perspectives-on-the-transition-to-a-biochemistry-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-laboratory
#13
Paul A Craig
It will always remain a goal of an undergraduate biochemistry laboratory course to engage students hands-on in a wide range of biochemistry laboratory experiences. In 2006, our research group initiated a project for in silico prediction of enzyme function based only on the 3D coordinates of the more than 3800 proteins "of unknown function" in the Protein Data Bank, many of which resulted from the Protein Structure Initiative. Students have used the ProMOL plugin to the PyMOL molecular graphics environment along with BLAST, Pfam, and Dali to predict protein functions...
April 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418325/variation-in-music-player-listening-level-as-a-function-of-campus-location
#14
Yunea Park, Diana Guercio, Victoria Ledon, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: There has been significant discussion in the literature regarding music player use by adolescents and young adults, including whether device use is driving an increase in hearing loss in these populations. While many studies report relatively safe preferred listening levels, some studies with college student participants have reported listening habits that may put individuals at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) if those listening habits continue over the long term...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417682/does-social-support-buffer-the-association-between-stress-eating-and-weight-gain-during-the-transition-to-college-differences-by-gender
#15
Katherine E Darling, Amy J Fahrenkamp, Shana M Wilson, Bryan T Karazsia, Amy F Sato
This study sought to examine whether social support moderates the relationship between stress eating and body mass index (BMI) change over the freshman year in males and females. This longitudinal study included 70 college students (72.9% female; M age = 18.23) who completed self-reported measures of stress eating and perceived social support, with objective height and weight measurements collected. Among males, social support moderated the relationship between stress eating and BMI change. Among males, social support may serve as a buffer against the impact of stress eating on weight gain during the freshman year of college...
May 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#16
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416996/the-relationship-between-the-development-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-body-mass-index-and-academic-stress-in-bahraini-university-students
#17
Sayed A Tantawy, Asma Abdul Rahman, Maryam Abdul Ameer
BACKGROUND: There are many mechanisms in which stress can lead to weight gain thus high a BMI. The endocrine and inflammatory pathway can directly increase abdominal adiposity. Another way in which stress leads to weight gain is through changes in health behaviors. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among healthy students of Ahlia University, and to determine the relationship between the development of MSDs and academic stressors and body mass index...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415852/internal-health-locus-of-control-predicts-willingness-to-track-health-behaviors-online-and-with-smartphone-applications-%C3%A2
#18
Brooke L Bennett, Carly M Goldstein, Emily C Gathright, Joel W Hughes, Janet D Latner
Given rising technology use across all demographic groups, digital interventions offer a potential strategy for increasing access to health information and care. Research is lacking on identifying individual differences that impact willingness to use digital interventions, which may affect patient engagement. Health locus of control, the amount of control an individual believes they have over their own health, may predict willingness to use mobile health (mHealth) applications ('apps') and online trackers. A cross-sectional study (n = 276) was conducted to assess college students' health locus of control beliefs and willingness to use health apps and online trackers...
April 17, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414808/a-longitudinal-and-experimental-study-of-the-impact-of-knowledge-on-the-bases-of-institutional-trust
#19
Lisa M PytlikZillig, Christopher D Kimbrough, Ellie Shockley, Tess M S Neal, Mitchel N Herian, Joseph A Hamm, Brian H Bornstein, Alan J Tomkins
This study examined a knowledge-centered theory of institutional trust development. In the context of trust in water regulatory institutions, the moderating impact of knowledge was tested to determine if there were longitudinal changes in the bases of institutional trust as a function of increases in knowledge about a target institution. We hypothesized that as people learn about an institution with which they were previously unfamiliar, they begin to form more nuanced perceptions, distinguishing the new institution from other institutions and relying less upon their generalized trust to estimate their trust in that institution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#20
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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