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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#1
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#2
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101268/traditional-versus-online-biology-courses-connecting-course-design-and-student-learning-in-an-online-setting
#3
Rachel Biel, Cynthia J Brame
Online courses are a large and growing part of the undergraduate education landscape, but many biology instructors are skeptical about the effectiveness of online instruction. We reviewed studies comparing the effectiveness of online and face-to-face (F2F) undergraduate biology courses. Five studies compared student performance in multiple course sections at community colleges, while eight were smaller scale and compared student performance in particular biology courses at a variety of types of institutions...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101261/external-and-internal-barriers-to-studying-can-affect-student-success-and-retention-in-a-diverse-classroom
#4
Laurence Clement
Although a majority of under-represented minority (URM) students begin their postsecondary education at community colleges, little is known about barriers to success and retention for transfer-bound science students. This study focuses on some of the barriers that affect these students' ability to study adequately for a community college "gateway" course. It tests whether instructors' expectations of study time were realistic for community college students and whether students reported facing external barriers, such as job and family responsibilities, or internal barriers to studying, such as lack of motivational, cognitive, and metacognitive abilities, all of which have been shown to impact academic success and retention...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100089/assistive-technology-outcomes-in-post-secondary-students-with-disabilities-the-influence-of-diagnosis-gender-and-class-level
#5
Matt P Malcolm, Marla C Roll
This study investigated how outcomes of assistive technology (AT) services for college students with disabilities are influenced by diagnosis, gender and class-level (e.g., Freshman). Students' pre- and post-intervention ratings of their performance and satisfaction of common academic tasks (using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, COPM) were analyzed, as well as students' responses on a survey about AT service provision, use, and preferences. Data from 455 students revealed "learning disability" to be the most prevalent diagnosis (38%), similar numbers of females and males served, and Freshmen (23...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#6
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098500/exploring-black-college-females-perceptions-regarding-hiv-prevention-message-content
#7
Rasheeta Chandler-Coley, Henry Ross, Oluwatobi Ozoya, Celia Lescano, Timothy Flannigan
Media messages can facilitate the delivery of accurate information related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection. This study's purpose was to examine preexisting media campaigns from the iMPPACS study to assess age-, gender-, and culturally appropriate components identified by African American females who attend historically Black colleges/universities. In 3 separate focus group sessions, 31 Black female college students (M age = 20) viewed 4 vignettes and heard 3 audio-only clips, then ranked and commented on them based on perceived satisfaction with HIV prevention content and appropriateness of delivery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#8
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#9
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#10
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096794/tobacco-use-patterns-knowledge-attitudes-towards-tobacco-and-availability-of-tobacco-control-training-among-school-personnel-from-a-rural-area-in-poland
#11
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Adam Rzeźnicki, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Piotr Wojtysiak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco-free school environment as well as non-smoking teachers and school personnel provide positive role models for children and young people. In Poland, smoking should be banned in colleges, schools, educational establishments and educational care facilities. However, for the existing law to be effective, awareness of all people in school curriculum and enforcement of the law are crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate tobacco use patterns, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco as well as availability of tobacco control training among school personnel in a rural area in Poland...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096393/utility-value-intervention-with-parents-increases-students-stem-preparation-and-career-pursuit
#12
Christopher S Rozek, Ryan C Svoboda, Judith M Harackiewicz, Chris S Hulleman, Janet S Hyde
During high school, developing competence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is critically important as preparation to pursue STEM careers, yet students in the United States lag behind other countries, ranking 35th in mathematics and 27th in science achievement internationally. Given the importance of STEM careers as drivers of modern economies, this deficiency in preparation for STEM careers threatens the United States' continued economic progress. In the present study, we evaluated the long-term effects of a theory-based intervention designed to help parents convey the importance of mathematics and science courses to their high-school-aged children...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095829/a-middle-eastern-journey-of-integrating-interprofessional-education-into-the-healthcare-curriculum-a-swoc-analysis
#13
Alla El-Awaisi, Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Bridget Paravattil
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an emerging concept in the Middle East with a number of health professional degree programs continually striving to meet international accreditation requirements to enhance the quality of education and ensure high standards are maintained. Using the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University (CPH QU) as a model, this article describes the IPE initiatives coordinated through the College's IPE Committee, with representation from fourteen programs at four Healthcare institutions: Qatar University; Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar; the University of Calgary in Qatar; and the College of North Atlantic in Qatar...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095584/creating-a-dedicated-education-unit-in-long-term-care
#14
Jodie R Fox
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095126/the-association-between-sensation-seeking-and-e-cigarette-use-in-texas-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Kathleen Case, Alexandra Loukas, Melissa Harrell, Anna Wilkinson, Andrew Springer, Adriana Pérez, MeLisa Creamer, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between sensation seeking and ever and current e-cigarette use in Texas young adults (18-29 years old). Current cigarette use was examined as a potential effect modifier of the associations. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included college students enrolled in four-year and two-year colleges in four metropolitan areas in Texas (n = 5,418) who completed the survey between November 2014 and February 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized mixed effects logistic regression to determine the associations between mean sensation seeking scores and ever and current e-cigarette use after controlling for covariates...
January 17, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#16
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094998/impulsive-personality-traits-and-alcohol-use-does-sleeping-help-with-thinking
#17
Mary Beth Miller, Angelo M DiBello, Sarah A Lust, Matthew K Meisel, Kate B Carey
Both impulsivity and sleep disturbance have been associated with heavy alcohol use among young adults; yet studies to date have not examined their interactive effects. The current study aimed to determine if adequate sleep moderates the association between impulsive personality traits and alcohol use among young adults. College students (N = 568) who had been mandated to alcohol treatment following violation of campus alcohol policy provided information regarding alcohol use and related consequences, impulsive personality traits (measured using the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale), and perception of sleep adequacy as part of a larger intervention trial...
January 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094450/relational-priming-based-on-a-multiplicative-schema-for-whole-numbers-and-fractions
#18
Melissa DeWolf, Ji Y Son, Miriam Bassok, Keith J Holyoak
Why might it be (at least sometimes) beneficial for adults to process fractions componentially? Recent research has shown that college-educated adults can capitalize on the bipartite structure of the fraction notation, performing more successfully with fractions than with decimals in relational tasks, notably analogical reasoning. This study examined patterns of relational priming for problems with fractions in a task that required arithmetic computations. College students were asked to judge whether or not multiplication equations involving fractions were correct...
January 17, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092197/from-the-mouths-of-social-media-users-a-focus-group-study-exploring-the-social-casino-gaming-online-gambling-link
#19
Hyoun S Kim, Michael J A Wohl, Rina Gupta, Jeffrey Derevensky
Background and aims The potential link between social casino gaming and online gambling has raised considerable concerns among clinicians, researchers and policy makers. Unfortunately, however, there is a paucity of research examining this potential link, especially among young adults. This represents a significant gap given young adults are frequently exposed to and are players of social casino games. Methods To better understand the potential link between social casino games and online gambling, we conducted three focus groups (N = 30) at two large Canadian Universities with college students who were avid social media users (who are regularly exposed to social casino games)...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092186/under-the-influence-of-facebook-excess-use-of-social-networking-sites-and-drinking-motives-consequences-and-attitudes-in-college-students
#20
Julia M Hormes
Background and aims Excessive use of social networking sites (SNS) has recently been conceptualized as a behavioral addiction (i.e., "disordered SNS use") using key criteria for the diagnosis of substance dependence and shown to be associated with a variety of impairments in psychosocial functioning, including an increased risk of problem drinking. This study sought to characterize associations between "disordered SNS use" and attitudes towards alcohol, drinking motives, and adverse consequences resulting from alcohol use in young adults...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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