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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926807/evaluation-of-a-national-e-mentoring-program-for-ethnically-diverse-student-nurse-midwives-and-student-midwives
#1
Maria Valentin-Welch
INTRODUCTION: The US racial profile is changing rapidly, yet the nursing and midwifery professions are not evolving accordingly. The lack of racial and ethnic diversity within these health professions negatively affects efforts to eliminate persistent health disparities. To address this issue, the Midwives of Color Committee (MOCC) of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) created a national online mentoring program in 2011 to support midwifery students of color. An evaluation of the program is reported here...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926353/roles-of-body-image-related-experiential-avoidance-and-uncommitted-living-in-the-link-between-body-image-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#2
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
The current study aimed to test whether the associations of body mass index, body image discrepancy, and social comparison based on physical appearance with women's psychological quality of life (QoL) would be explained by the mechanisms of body image-related experiential avoidance and patterns of uncommitted living. The sample was collected from October 2014 to March 2015 and included 737 female college students (aged between 18 and 25 years) who completed validated self-report measures. Results demonstrated that the final path model explained 43% of psychological QoL and revealed an excellent fit...
December 7, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925045/interest-in-research-among-medical-students-challenges-for-the-undergraduate-education
#3
David William Moraes, Maitê Jotz, Willian Roberto Menegazzo, Michele Sabrina Menegazzo, Steffi Veloso, Mayara Christ Machry, Monise Costanzi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
Introduction: In recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of graduates from medical schools who choose to pursue a career in scientific research. That has an impact on the profile of graduates, since medical education depends on understanding the formation of scientific evidence. The construction of new knowledge is also hampered by the reduction of medical scientists, whose clinical experience with patients provides an essential step towards medical Science evolution...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923616/examining-the-weight-trajectory-of-college-students
#4
Lizzy Pope, Danielle Hansen, Jean Harvey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the weight trajectory of students over 4 years of college. METHODS: Anthropometric assessments were completed at the beginning and end of students' freshman year and the end of senior year to calculate body mass index. Questionnaires assessing weight-related behaviors were completed in senior year. RESULTS: Of the original 117 students, 86 remained in the study for 4 years. Body mass index was significantly higher at the end of senior year (mean, 24...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922720/function-of-personal-growth-initiative-on-posttraumatic-growth-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-over-and-above-adaptive-and-maladaptive-rumination
#5
Yuki Shigemoto, Blakely Low, Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether various types of rumination are distinguishable and the effects of personal growth initiative (PGI) on posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress, and depression through adaptive and maladaptive rumination. METHOD: Sample included 292 college students who experienced a potentially traumatic event (PTE). RESULTS: Intrusive and deliberative rumination were found to be distinct factors. However, brooding and reflection, thought to be separate aspects of depression, were a single factor...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#6
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920743/replication-rate-framing-and-format-affect-attitudes-and-decisions-about-science-claims
#7
Ralph M Barnes, Stephanie J Tobin, Heather M Johnston, Noah MacKenzie, Chelsea M Taglang
A series of five experiments examined how the evaluation of a scientific finding was influenced by information about the number of studies that had successfully replicated the initial finding. The experiments also tested the impact of frame (negative, positive) and numeric format (percentage, natural frequency) on the evaluation of scientific findings. In Experiments 1 through 4, an attitude difference score served as the dependent measure, while a measure of choice served as the dependent measure in Experiment 5...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#8
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920618/analysis-and-adjustment-of-vertebral-subluxation-as-a-separate-and-distinct-identity-for-the-chiropractic-profession-a-commentary
#9
REVIEW
John Hart
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to discuss various statements related to chiropractic identity from(1) D. D. Palmer(2); selected chiropractic organizations, associations, and colleges; and(3) attitudes and perceptions of chiropractic from chiropractic students, practitioners, and patients. DISCUSSION: For comparison purposes, identity statements and perceptions from the various chiropractic associations and colleges, as well as from students and patients, were explored...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920360/effects-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-stress-and-social-support-on-the-health-of-college-students
#10
Canan Karatekin, Rohini Ahluwalia
The goal of the study was to describe the nature of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reported by undergraduates and to examine the effect of ACEs, perceived stress, and perceived social support on their health. Although respondents (N = 321) had parents with relatively high levels of education and indicated generally high levels of social support, results nevertheless showed a relatively high level of mental health problems and rates of ACEs that were similar to those in the general population in the state...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919432/comparison-of-the-backjoy-sitsmart-relief-and-spine-buddy-lt1-h-c-ergonomic-chair-supports-on-short-term-neck-and-back-pain
#11
John Ward, Jesse Coats
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a needs assessment to determine whether short-term use of BackJoy SitSmart Relief and Spine Buddy LT1 H/C chair supports influences neck, upper back, and lower back pain. METHODS: Forty-eight college students (age, 27.5 ± 6.3 years; height, 1.72 ± 0.08 m; body mass, 78.7 ± 19.8 kg; time seated that day, 4.3 ± 2.8 hours; means ± SD) were recruited for this study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure pain for the neck, upper back, and lower back regions...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918876/awareness-of-identity-alteration-and-diagnostic-preference-between-borderline-personality-disorder-and-dissociative-disorders
#12
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz, Emre Tayakısı, Ezgi F Öğülmüş, Doğuş Sönmez
AIM: This study inquires into identity alteration among college students and its relationship to borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs). METHODS: Steinberg Identity Alteration Questionnaire (SIAQ), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and self-report screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1301 college students. Participants who fit the diagnostic criteria of BPD (n = 80) according to the clinician-administered SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV DDs (SCID-D) by two psychiatrists blind to the group membership and scale scores...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918861/to-study-to-party-or-both-assessing-risk-factors-for-non-prescribed-stimulant-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students
#13
Kenneth S León, Daniel E Martínez
This study examines the risk factors predicting non-prescribed stimulant use (NPSU) among adolescents, with an emphasis on whether such factors are reflective of instrumental (e.g., studying) and/or recreational (e.g., partying) drug consumption settings. Using data from Monitoring the Future (2011), we employed a series of logistic regression models to establish predictors of 12-month self-reported Adderall or Ritalin use without a doctor's note among eighth and tenth graders. Whereas studies of college students have found NPSU to correlate with instrumental motives and productivity-related demands, we find no association between NPSU and indicators of academic strain for this younger sample...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918180/tweeting-negative-emotion-an-investigation-of-twitter-data-in-the-aftermath-of-violence-on-college-campuses
#14
Nickolas M Jones, Sean P Wojcik, Josiah Sweeting, Roxane Cohen Silver
Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918071/the-bidirectional-associations-between-state-anger-and-rumination-and-the-role-of-trait-mindfulness
#15
Ashley Borders, Shou-En Lu
Rumination is associated with exacerbated angry mood. Angry moods may also trigger rumination. However, research has not empirically tested the bidirectional associations of state rumination and anger, as experience sampling methodology can do. We predicted that state anger and rumination would be bi-directionally associated, both concurrently and over time, even controlling for trait anger and rumination. In addition, because mindfulness is associated with rumination and anger at the bivariate level, we examined the effect of trait mindfulness on the bidirectional association between state rumination and anger...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#16
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917002/perceptions-of-a-campus-wide-condom-distribution-programme-an-exploratory-study
#17
Diane B Francis, Seth M Noar, Laura Widman, Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Diana M Sanchez, Kyla P Garrett
OBJECTIVE: Condom distribution programmes are an important means of preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs); yet little research has examined their perceived and actual impact on college campuses. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Large public university in the Southeastern USA. METHOD: Approximately 2 months after a campus-wide condom distribution programme began, we utilised intercept surveys with 355 students (68% women; 43% racial/ethnic minorities) to examine their perceptions of the availability, accessibility and acceptability of condoms, and their perceptions and use of the newly installed condom dispensers...
December 2016: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914724/medical-students-understanding-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-irish-perspective
#18
P G C Kielty, B R O'Connor, C J Cotter, A M C Goodson, K F B Payne, A Tahim
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) remains an enigmatic specialty in Irish medicine and many students are unaware of its scope and the unique career pathway involved. We performed a multicentre cross-sectional study to identify their ability to identify the requirements for entry to specialty training year 3 (ST3) in OMFS, to assess their awareness of OMFS surgeons, and their general awareness of, and exposure to, the specialty. Data were collected through an electronic questionnaire. Participants were asked to select the most suitable surgical specialty to treat a number of common conditions in the head and neck, and to choose the requirements they deemed essential for specialist training...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914226/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-outcome-expectancies-as-mediators-of-the-association-between-negative-urgency-and-alcohol-consumption
#19
Amber M Anthenien, Jordanna Lembo, Clayton Neighbors
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the effects of negative urgency, a unique facet of impulsivity marked by engaging in potentially unhealthy and rash behaviors in order to cope with anxiety or negative moods, on drinking behavior can be explained by positive and negative alcohol outcome expectancies and specific drinking motives (i.e., coping and enhancement). METHODS: College students (N=194) completed web-based surveys in exchange for course credit. Students completed measures of negative urgency, comprehensive effects of alcohol, drinking motives, and alcohol use behaviors...
November 15, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#20
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
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