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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742979/adult-attachment-and-drinking-context-as-predictors-of-alcohol-problems-and-relationship-satisfaction-in-college-students
#1
Elise C Hocking, Raluca M Simons, Jeffrey S Simons, Harry Freeman
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that for young adults, intimate partners influence each other's drinking patterns. Therefore, exploration of variables related to intimate partner relationships (such as attachment style) could broaden the current understanding of risk factors for alcohol problems in this demographic. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of drinking context in the relationships among insecure attachment, alcohol problems, and relationship satisfaction...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742312/health-literacy-and-oral-health-literacy-are-they-associated-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-of-tricity-chandigarh-mohali-panchkula-india
#2
Karandeep Singh Sandhu, Nidhi Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vikram Arora, Preety Gupta, Sahil Thakar
INTRODUCTION: Health Literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions. As with general health; achieving and maintaining oral health requires one to be able to understand, interpret and act on various types of health information. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to determine the association between health literacy and oral health literacy among undergraduate students in tricity (Chandigarh, Mohali, Panchkula), India...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742115/mind-wandering-during-attention-performance-effects-of-adhd-inattention-symptomatology-negative-mood-ruminative-response-style-and-working-memory-capacity
#3
Lisa M Jonkman, C Rob Markus, Michael S Franklin, Jens H van Dalfsen
OBJECTIVE: In adulthood, depressive mood is often comorbid with ADHD, but its role in ADHD-inattentiveness and especially relations with mind wandering remains to be elucidated. This study investigated the effects of laboratory-induced dysphoric mood on task-unrelated mind wandering and its consequences on cognitive task performance in college students with high (n = 46) or low (n = 44) ADHD-Inattention symptomatology and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity symptoms in the normal range. METHODS: These non-clinical high/low ADHD-Inattention symptom groups underwent negative or positive mood induction after which mind wandering frequency was measured in a sustained attention (SART), and a reading task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737241/factors-associated-with-the-severity-of-premenstrual-syndrome-among-iranian-college-students
#4
Maryam Farahmand, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Davood Khalili, Gholamreza Amin, Reza Negarandeh
AIM: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms that occur cyclically, from several days to 2 weeks before menses, which resolve either quickly or during the early days of menstruation. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with the severity of PMS in Iranian college students. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed among 298 college students (aged 18-35 years) with PMS, of whom, 271 college students completed the Iranian version of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool questionnaire to determine the severity of PMS...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736240/adduction-of-untested-derived-stimulus-relations-depends-on-environmental-complexity
#5
Sterling M Rippy, Adam H Doughty
The present research assessed adduction involving derived stimulus relations as a function of environmental complexity. In Group CA, four college students were trained with arbitrary-matching-to-sample discriminations that could have established four, 3-member stimulus classes. In Group EA, four other students were trained with discriminations that could have established four, 5-member classes. Neither group received derived-relations testing; instead, adduction was assessed immediately after the baseline discriminations were learned...
July 20, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735038/perceived-academic-benefit-is-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-stimulant-use-among-college-students
#6
Amelia M Arria, Irene M Geisner, M Dolores Cimini, Jason R Kilmer, Kimberly M Caldeira, Angelica L Barrall, Kathryn B Vincent, Nicole Fossos-Wong, Jih-Cheng Yeh, Isaac Rhew, Christine M Lee, Geetha A Subramaniam, David Liu, Mary E Larimer
INTRODUCTION: College students are at higher than average risk for nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS). A commonly identified motive among students who engage in NPS is to improve grades. Several research studies have observed that NPS most likely does not confer an academic advantage, and is associated with excessive drinking and other drug use. This study documents the proportion of the general college student population who believe that NPS will lead to improvements in academic performance...
July 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734094/moving-alcohol-prevention-research-forward-part-i-introducing-a-complex-systems-paradigm
#7
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael K Lemke, Adam E Barry, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The drinking environment is a complex system consisting of a number of heterogeneous, evolving, and interacting components, which exhibit circular causality and emergent properties. These characteristics reduce the efficacy of commonly used research approaches, which typically do not account for the underlying dynamic complexity of alcohol consumption and the interdependent nature of diverse factors influencing misuse over time. We use alcohol misuse among college students in the United States as an example for framing our argument for a complex systems paradigm...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733302/influences-on-university-students-intention-to-receive-recommended-vaccines-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Kate Landowska, Jo Waller, Helen Bedford, Lauren Rockliffe, Alice S Forster
OBJECTIVES: To explore predictors of university students' intention to receive a recommended vaccine and the main sources of vaccine-related information accessed by university students. SETTING: Participants were recruited from University College London (UK) in summer 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 177 university students participated. The majority of participants were female (58%), White (68%) and had no religion (58%). Participants were aged 18 to 42 (mean age=23...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732317/cross-lagged-relations-between-motives-and-substance-use-can-use-strengthen-your-motivation-over-time
#9
Christine A Lee, Karen J Derefinko, Heather A Davis, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
Motives for substance use have garnered considerable attention due to the strong predictive utility of this construct, both in terms of use and problems associated with use. The current study examined the cross-lagged relations between alcohol use and motives, and marijuana use and motives over three yearly assessment periods in a large sample (N=526, 48% male) of college students. The relations between substance use and motives were assessed at each time point, allowing for the examination of these inter-relations over time...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731886/collegiate-student-athletes-with-history-of-adhd-or-academic-difficulties-are-more-likely-to-produce-an-invalid-protocol-on-baseline-impact-testing
#10
Lisa Manderino, John Gunstad
OBJECTIVE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other academically-relevant diagnoses have been suggested as modifiers of neurocognitive testing in sport-related concussion, such as Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). These preexisting conditions may suppress ImPACT scores to the extent that they are indistinguishable from low scores because of poor effort. The present study hypothesized that student athletes with history of ADHD or academic difficulties produce lower ImPACT composite scores and are more likely to produce invalid protocols than those without such conditions...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731611/energy-drink-consumption-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-quality-among-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mo'ez Al-Islam E Faris, Haitham Jahrami, Marwa M Al-Hilali, Noor J Chehyber, Sara O Ali, Sara D Shahda, Reyad S Obaid
AIM: Intake of caffeinated energy drinks has significantly increased, specifically among young adults and adolescents. College students are prone to developing unhealthy eating habits and dependence on stimulants, which puts them at a greater risk of sleep problems. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of caffeinated energy drink consumption and its association with sleep quality in college students. METHODS: A sample of 919 randomly selected adults (237 males and 682 females) from various colleges at the University of Sharjah/United Arab Emirates participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731560/food-insecure-student-clients-of-a-university-based-food-bank-have-compromised-health-dietary-intake-and-academic-quality
#12
Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows
AIM: University and college students in wealthy countries may be vulnerable to financial food insecurity. If food insecure students have suboptimal health, their ability to learn and excel in their education could be compromised. This Canadian study examined the relationship of food security status to diet and self-perceived health and academic quality among students receiving emergency food hampers from the Campus Food Bank at University of Alberta. METHODS: A convenience sample of 58 students completed a survey...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731005/preparing-medical-students-with-congenital-colour-vision-deficiency-for-safe-practice
#13
Rajat Dhingra, Jolly Rohatgi, Upreet Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Colour vision of candidates is tested in many medical colleges in India at the time of admission to undergraduate courses; however, there are no guidelines, and therefore no counselling, on how students with congenital colour vision deficiency (CCVD) should negotiate the medical course, and how best they can practise safely after graduation. Problems in interpreting coloured signs may lead to misdiagnosis. This study aimed to explore difficulties during clinical work that requires colour discrimination, and to offer suggestions on safe practice based on the findings and a review of the literature...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730911/important-learning-factors-in-high-and-low-achieving-students-in-undergraduate-biomechanics
#14
ChengTu Hsieh, Duane Knudson
The purpose of the present study was to document crucial factors associated with students' learning of biomechanical concepts, particularly between high- and-low achieving students. Students (N = 113) from three introductory biomechanics classes at two public universities volunteered for the study. Two measures of students' learning were obtained, final course grade and improvement on the Biomechanics Concept Inventory version 3 administered before and after the course. Participants also completed a 15-item questionnaire documenting student learning characteristics, effort, and confidence...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729146/construction-of-nutrition-literacy-indicators-for-college-students-in-taiwan-a-delphi-consensus-study
#15
Li-Ling Liao, I-Ju Lai
OBJECTIVE: To use the Delphi process to select nutrition literacy (NL) indicators for Taiwan college students. DESIGN: Initial formulation of 8 principal indicators and 77 subindicators, followed by a 2-round Delphi survey and final selection of indicators. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 28 nutrition experts selected through snowball sampling; 100% response rate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: An expert panel scored and ranked NL themes and indicators for relevance, representativeness, and importance...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728639/efficacy-of-the-college-drinkers-check-up-for-student-drinkers-living-off-campus
#16
Kate B Carey, Sara G Balestrieri, Mary Beth Miller, Jennifer E Merrill, Angelo M DiBello, Madeline B Benz
OBJECTIVE: Students living in off-campus housing consume more alcohol and experience more alcohol-related consequences than those living on campus, yet prevention efforts have not targeted this high-risk group specifically. The present study evaluated the efficacy of a brief, computer-delivered, alcohol intervention (the College Drinkers Check-Up [CDCU]) in reducing alcohol use and related consequences in a sample of college students living off campus. METHOD: Students who lived off campus and reported at least one heavy drinking episode (4+/5+ drinks for females/males in one occasion) in the past 30 days completed the CDCU or assessment only during the first month of the school year (n = 326; 61% female)...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727749/student-perception-of-group-dynamics-predicts-individual-performance-comfort-and-equity-matter
#17
Elli J Theobald, Sarah L Eddy, Daniel Z Grunspan, Benjamin L Wiggins, Alison J Crowe
Active learning in college classes and participation in the workforce frequently hinge on small group work. However, group dynamics vary, ranging from equitable collaboration to dysfunctional groups dominated by one individual. To explore how group dynamics impact student learning, we asked students in a large-enrollment university biology class to self-report their experience during in-class group work. Specifically, we asked students whether there was a friend in their group, whether they were comfortable in their group, and whether someone dominated their group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726520/rural-and-urban-substance-use-differences-effects-of-the-transition-to-college
#18
Karen J Derefinko, Zoran Bursac, Michael G Mejia, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
BACKGROUND: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college. METHODS: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726513/effects-of-depression-and-past-year-binge-drinking-on-cognitive-control-processes-during-a-flanker-task-in-college-aged-adults
#19
Arin M Connell, Sarah Danzo, Glen Dawson
BACKGROUND: Recent but largely separate literatures have examined neurocognitive alterations related to both depression and binge drinking, suggesting similar patterns of impairments in attention control and decisional processes. However, depression and problematic alcohol use tend to co-occur, and few studies have examined whether cognitive processing effects of depression and binge drinking are independent or interacting. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined joint effects of depressive symptoms and past-year binge drinking on cognitive processing (measured via EEG assessment)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726473/the-effects-of-temporal-perspective-on-college-students-energy-drink-consumption
#20
Jarim Kim, Deepa Anagondahalli
OBJECTIVE: Consideration of future consequences (CFC) describes the extent to which individuals consider potential future outcomes of their present behaviors. This personality trait has been found to predict repetitive health behaviors. Research is yet to explore the role of health beliefs, which may mediate the relationship between CFC and self-directed health behaviors. Thus, this study examined how CFC affects energy drink-related health beliefs and consumption behavior. DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlational online survey with 1,050 college students was conducted...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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