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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643211/do-energy-drink-consumers-study-more
#1
Leslie W Oglesby, Kristina A Amrani, Christopher J Wynveen, Andrew R Gallucci
The use and motivations for use of energy drinks (EDs) in college students has been documented in the literature. Many college students identify academic reasons, such as a need to study more, as a motivation for ED use. However, research has not determined if users who claim academic motivations actually study more than those who claim other motivations. A sample of 692 undergraduate students at a large, private university completed a paper survey that inquired about demographics, ED use, motivations for ED use, sleep quality, and average amount of time spent sleeping and studying per week...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643011/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cardiac-arrest-and-myocardial-infarction-after-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery-a-national-multi-institutional-surgical-database-study
#2
David Sheyn, Sangeeta Mahajan, Sherif El-Nashar, Adonis Hijaz, Xiao-Yu Wang, Jeff Mangel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is limited data available regarding the risk for perioperative cardiac morbidity following pelvic reconstructive surgery (PRS). We sought to determine the incidence of cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction within 30 days of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery and determine which factors may contribute to an increased risk of these complications. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, we identified patients who underwent PRS procedures between 2010 to 2015 using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes...
June 22, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642808/increasing-social-integration-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Kristen Ashbaugh, Robert Koegel, Lynn Koegel
Increasing numbers of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are entering postsecondary education; however, many report feeling lonely and isolated. These difficulties with socialization have been found to impact students' academic success, involvement within the university, and overall well being. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess, within the context of a multiple-baseline across participants design, whether a structured social planning intervention would increase social integration for college students with ASD...
April 2017: Behav Dev Bull
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641040/-drunkorexia-understanding-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-weight-conscious-drinkers-in-a-sample-of-college-students
#4
Amanda H Wilkerson, Christine L Hackman, Sarah E Rush, Stuart L Usdan, Corinne S Smith
OBJECTIVE: Behaviors of weight conscious drinkers (BWCD) include disordered eating, excessive physical activity, and heavy episodic drinking. Considering approximately 25% of college students report BWCD, it is important to investigate what characteristics increase the likelihood of college students engaging in BWCD for both moderate and vigorous physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: 510 college students recruited from a large, public southeastern university. METHODS: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey during the spring 2015 semester...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641039/an-empirical-investigation-of-campus-demographics-and-reported-rapes
#5
Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Kristen N Jozkowski, Taylor Martinez
OBJECTIVE: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. METHODS: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor violations, Greek-life, athletic programs, institution type (public vs...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640991/a-risk-algorithm-for-the-persistence-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-during-college
#6
Philippe Mortier, Glenn Kiekens, Randy P Auerbach, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronny Bruffaerts
OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study are to (a) identify patterns of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) during college among students with lifetime pre-matriculation STB and (b) develop a risk-screening algorithm for persistence of pre-matriculation STB during college. METHODS: Data come from the Leuven College Surveys, a series of prospective cohort studies of all incoming KU Leuven University freshmen. In the academic year 2012-2013, 4,889 incoming freshmen (73...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639814/interventions-for-alcohol-related-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-college-students-a-systematic-review
#7
Tess M Kilwein, Shira M Kern, Alison Looby
Alcohol-related risky sexual behaviors are common among college students. Though various interventions targeting these behaviors have been examined, the literature does not currently include a review of these strategies. A comprehensive literature search was conducted, yielding 7 randomized controlled trials. Relevant outcome variables included unprotected sex, alcohol in conjunction with sex, and number of sexual partners. Findings suggested that interventions utilizing reminder cues or motivational interviewing-based techniques were largely found to be effective in increasing condom use behaviors among intoxicated individuals, while support for personalized normative feedback (PNF) for the same outcome was mixed...
June 22, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639801/the-evolving-landscape-of-title-ix-predicting-mandatory-reporters-responses-to-sexual-assault-disclosures
#8
Kathryn J Holland, Lilia M Cortina
Approximately 1 in 4 women is sexually assaulted in college, a problem that federal law has attempted to address with recent changes. Under the evolving landscape of Title IX, and related law, universities nationwide have overhauled their sexual assault policies, procedures, and resources. Many of the new policies designate undergraduate resident assistants (RAs) as Responsible Employees-requiring them to provide assistance and report to the university if a fellow student discloses sexual assault. We investigated factors that predict the likelihood of RAs enacting their policy mandate, that is, reporting sexual assault disclosures to university authorities and referring survivors to sexual assault resources...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639455/item-response-theory-analysis-of-the-psychopathic-personality-inventory-revised
#9
Alexander E Eichenbaum, David K Marcus, Brian F French
This study examined item and scale functioning in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) using an item response theory analysis. PPI-R protocols from 1,052 college student participants (348 male, 704 female) were analyzed. Analyses were conducted on the 131 self-report items comprising the PPI-R's eight content scales, using a graded response model. Scales collected a majority of their information about respondents possessing higher than average levels of the traits being measured. Each scale contained at least some items that evidenced limited ability to differentiate between respondents with differing levels of the trait being measured...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639076/conservative-treatment-for-lumbar-compartment-syndrome-shows-efficacy-over-2-year-follow-up-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Haruhisa Kanaya, Makoto Enokida, Shinji Tanishima, Ikuta Hayashi, Atsushi Tanida, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Since in all studies of conservative treatment of lumbar compartment syndrome the follow-up duration was less than 6 months, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions. PURPOSE: To report a patient with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively over a follow-up period of 2 years. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report of a 23-year-old male college student with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638209/comparative-analysis-of-results-from-a-cognitive-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-between-international-students-from-west-asia-and-xinjiang-college-students-in-china
#11
Hongxing Hu, Bahargul Alsron, Bin Xu, Wei Hao
BACKGROUND: The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) is a cognitive and emotional tool measuring how individuals deal with stressful life events. However differences exist in the results of CERQ among individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the CERQ results and depressive symptoms of students at our university (both local and international students) in order to provide further guidance for psychological interventions. METHODS: 255 sophomore and junior international students (171 male and 84 female) and 262 sophomore and junior Chinese students (124 male and 138 female) were investigated using CERQ, ASLEC and SDS questionnaires...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637993/association-between-excessive-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-injuries-in-college-students-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#12
Hisashi Yoshimoto, Ayumi Takayashiki, Ryohei Goto, Go Saito, Kyoko Kawaida, Rika Hieda, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Maie Aramaki, Naoto Sakamoto, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Yoshinao Kobayashi, Yousuke C Takemura
Alcohol-related injuries in college students are a major public health problem worldwide. We clarified the association between excessive drinking and alcohol-related injuries in Japanese college students. This was a cross-sectional study with a self-administered questionnaire. From January to March 2013, we sampled all college students and graduate students aged 20 years or older during annual health examinations at three colleges in Mie Prefecture in Japan. The questionnaire assessed the frequency of alcohol drinking, amount of alcohol consumed per day, binge drinking during the past year, alcohol-related injuries during the past year, and demographic data...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637382/rates-and-correlates-of-binge-drinking-among-college-students-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#13
Steven L West, Carolyn W Graham, Peter Temple
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide the first comprehensive picture of alcohol use and binge drinking by US college students with disabilities (SWDs), who represent at least 11% (1.6 million) of the US college student population. METHODS: In fall 2013, we used a stratified random sampling technique to identify and recruit 2440 SWDs from 122 US colleges and universities. A total of 1285 (53%) SWDs from 61 (50%) colleges and universities completed a survey of alcohol and other drug use and the use of substances by student peers...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635438/resilience-mediated-the-association-between-acculturation-and-psychological-growth-in-college-students-from-hong-kong-to-guangzhou-china
#14
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Chang Liu, Zhenzhu Yue
BACKGROUND: The number of Hong Kong citizens living in mainland China is increasing. The process of acculturation may create opportunities for psychological growth. AIMS: This study aimed at examining whether resilience mediated the effects of acculturation on psychological growth in college students from Hong Kong to Guangzhou. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 164 college students in Guangzhou who were Hong Kong permanent residents (female: 46%, age: 21...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635343/primary-psychopathy-and-alcohol-pathology-in-college-students-the-role-of-protective-behavioral-strategies
#15
Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak
OVERVIEW: Though not an official diagnosis, psychopathy has become an important area of research due to the litany of deleterious outcomes associated with this aspect of temperament. Psychopathy is composed of primary and secondary traits. Research consistently links psychopathy to alcohol pathology, though often only via secondary traits which are comprised of intractable aspects of behavior (e.g., poor impulse control). In contrast, primary psychopathy is comprised of behaviors that can be learned and thus may be more malleable (i...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635107/new-space-time-metaphors-foster-new-nonlinguistic-representations
#16
Rose K Hendricks, Lera Boroditsky
What is the role of language in constructing knowledge? In this article, we ask whether learning new relational language can create new ways of thinking. In Experiment 1, we taught English speakers to talk about time using new vertical linguistic metaphors, saying things like "breakfast is above dinner" or "breakfast is below dinner" (depending on condition). In Experiment 2, rather than teaching people new metaphors, we relied on the left-right representations of time that our American college student participants have already internalized through a lifetime of visuospatial experience reading and writing text from left to right...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#17
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634769/decision-making-capacity-and-unusual-beliefs-two-contentious-cases-australasian-association-of-bioethics-and-health-law-john-mcphee-law-student-essay-prize-2016
#18
Brent Hyslop
Decision-making capacity is a vital concept in law, ethics, and clinical practice. Two legal cases where capacity literally had life and death significance are NHS Trust v Ms T [2004] and Kings College Hospital v C [2015]. These cases share another feature: unusual beliefs. This essay will critically assess the concept of capacity, particularly in relation to the unusual beliefs in these cases. Firstly, the interface between capacity and unusual beliefs will be examined. This will show that the "using and weighing of information" is the pivotal element in assessment...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#19
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632776/dynamic-knee-valgus-alignment-influences-impact-attenuation-in-the-lower-extremity-during-the-deceleration-phase-of-a-single-leg-landing
#20
Akihiro Tamura, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Jyunya Shiozawa, Yuka Toda, Kaori Yamada
Dynamic knee valgus during landings is associated with an increased risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. In addition, the impact on the body during landings must be attenuated in the lower extremity joints. The purpose of this study was to investigate landing biomechanics during landing with dynamic knee valgus by measuring the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and angular impulses in the lower extremity during a single-leg landing. The study included 34 female college students, who performed the single-leg drop vertical jump...
2017: PloS One
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