keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cultural factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793192/how-did-older-adults-respond-to-challenges-after-an-earthquake-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#1
Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Robab Sahaf, Asghar Dalvandi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Fardin Alipour
OBJECTIVES: In many areas, natural disasters are a major challenge for life and property of people. Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural disasters. This study aimed to explore how older adults responded to challenges after the earthquake in Iran. METHODS: This study was based on qualitative analysis. Data were collected through in-depth and semi-structured interviews. 29 participants including 18 older adult survivors of the earthquake-stricken areas, four lay caregivers, and three health professionals in disasters, one social worker, two relief worker and one disaster psychologist were interviewed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792866/cardiac-extracellular-matrix-hydrogel-together-with-or-without-inducer-cocktail-improves-human-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-differentiation-into-cardiomyocyte-like-cells
#2
Masoumeh Baghalishahi, Seyed Hasan Efthekhar-Vaghefi, Abbas Piryaei, S N Nematolahi-Mahani, Hamid Reza Mollaei, Yousef Sadeghi
Studies have demonstrated that differentiation of stem cells into cardiomyocytes is a complex phenomenon that requires sufficient inducing factors at various time points. Cardiac extracellular matrix (cECM) could provide tissue specific microenvironment and act as an inductive template for efficient cell differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cECM on differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) into cardiomyocytes using cECM hydrogel in combination with a cardiac inductive cocktail...
May 21, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792496/the-big-two-personality-traits-and-adolescents-complete-mental-health-the-mediation-role-of-perceived-school-stress
#3
Lili Tian, Siyi Jiang, E Scott Huebner
Based on Greenspoon and Saklofske's (2001) dual-factor model of mental health, we defined adolescents' mental health as comprised of two distinguishable factors: positive and negative mental health. We tested the direct relations between the Eysenck's (1967) Big Two personality traits (Extraversion and Neuroticism) and positive and negative mental health, and explored the mediation effects of perceived school stress in accounting for the relations. Direct and indirect relations were estimated by using structural equation modeling with data from 1,009 Chinese adolescents in a 3-wave study...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792481/risk-and-protective-factors-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-south-asian-immigrant-women-and-perceived-need-for-services
#4
Bushra Sabri, Michelle Simonet, Jacquelyn C Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Limited research exists on multilevel influences of intimate partner violence (IPV) among immigrant groups in the United States, particularly South Asians. Using a socioecological framework, this study examined risk and protective factors of IPV among a diverse group of South Asian immigrant survivors of IPV and identified their perceived need for services. METHOD: Sixteen South Asian immigrant survivors were recruited from New York; Maryland; Virginia; and Washington, DC, using a snowball sampling method...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792466/the-science-of-team-science-a-review-of-the-empirical-evidence-and-research-gaps-on-collaboration-in-science
#5
Kara L Hall, Amanda L Vogel, Grace C Huang, Katrina J Serrano, Elise L Rice, Sophia P Tsakraklides, Stephen M Fiore
Collaborations among researchers and across disciplinary, organizational, and cultural boundaries are vital to address increasingly complex challenges and opportunities in science and society. In addition, unprecedented technological advances create new opportunities to capitalize on a broader range of expertise and information in scientific collaborations. Yet rapid increases in the demand for scientific collaborations have outpaced changes in the factors needed to support teams in science, such as institutional structures and policies, scientific culture, and funding opportunities...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792256/uncaring-nurses-mobilizing-power-knowledge-difference-and-resistance-to-explain-workplace-violence-in-academia
#6
Renee Berquist, Isabelle St-Pierre, Dave Holmes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Violence among nurses and in nursing academia is a significant issue, with attention increasingly focused on damage resulting from psychological violence, such as bullying, harassment, aggression, and incivility. Each workplace's interpretation of violence will impact individual behavior within the organization. Organizational and environmental factors can contribute to violent behaviors becoming normalized in the workplace. When violent behaviors go unconstrained, they become imbedded within the workplace culture...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792255/effectiveness-of-adolescent-peer-education-programs-on-reducing-hiv-sti-risk-an-integrated-review
#7
Ganga Mahat, Mary Ann Scoloveno
There is empirical evidence suggesting that peer education is efficacious in changing adolescent sexual risk behaviors; however, it is unclear if there are similarities in outcomes across studies. Thus, the purpose of this review was to synthesize published research on peer-led HIV/STI intervention programs for adolescents in an effort to determine the efficacy of peer education on knowledge, attitudes, normative beliefs, and sexual behavior. Data collection included online searches of published research from Index Medicus (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Educational Index, and PsycINFO (including PsycARTICLES) from 2000 to 2016...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792190/novel-insights-into-neuroinflammation-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-ureaplasma-species-differentially-modulate-atypical-chemokine-receptor-3-responses-in-human-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#8
Christine Silwedel, Christian P Speer, Axel Haarmann, Markus Fehrholz, Heike Claus, Mathias Buttmann, Kirsten Glaser
BACKGROUND: Atypical chemokine receptor 3 (ACKR3, synonym CXCR7) is increasingly considered relevant in neuroinflammatory conditions, in which its upregulation contributes to compromised endothelial barrier function and may ultimately allow inflammatory brain injury. While an impact of ACKR3 has been recognized in several neurological autoimmune diseases, neuroinflammation may also result from infectious agents, including Ureaplasma species (spp.). Although commonly regarded as commensals of the adult urogenital tract, Ureaplasma spp...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792075/cancer-health-communication-and-breast-cervical-cancer-screening-among-asian-americans-and-five-asian-ethnic-groups
#9
Jungmi Jun
OBJECTIVES: This paper is an examination of cancer/health communication factors (i.e. cancer/health information seeking, patient-provider communication (PPC), cancer screening information from providers) and screening for breast and cervical cancer among Asian Americans and five Asian ethnic groups (Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese) in comparison to Whites. Additionally, the relationship between cancer/health communication disparity and cancer screening gaps between Asian Americans and Whites was investigated...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#10
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791907/toll-like-receptor-3-signaling-contributes-to-regional-neutrophil-recruitment-in-cultured-human-glomerular-endothelial-cells
#11
Qiang Liu, Tadaatsu Imaizumi, Shogo Kawaguchi, Tomomi Aizawa, Tomoh Matsumiya, Shojiro Watanabe, Koji Tsugawa, Hidemi Yoshida, Kazushi Tsuruga, Kensuke Joh, Hiroshi Kijima, Hiroshi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of neutrophil recruitment in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis (GN), the representative neutrophil chemoattractant C-X-C motif chemokine 1 (CXCL1)/GROα and the adhesion molecule E-selectin in glomerular endothelial cells (GECs) play a pivotal role in the development of GN. Endothelial Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is thought to be involved in the inflammatory response via innate immunity. However, the role of endothelial TLR3 signaling in the expression of neutrophil chemoattractants and adhesion molecules remains to be elucidated...
May 23, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791859/combining-ngn2-programming-with-developmental-patterning-generates-human-excitatory-neurons-with-nmdar-mediated-synaptic-transmission
#12
Ralda Nehme, Emanuela Zuccaro, Sulagna Dia Ghosh, Chenchen Li, John L Sherwood, Olli Pietilainen, Lindy E Barrett, Francesco Limone, Kathleen A Worringer, Sravya Kommineni, Ying Zang, Davide Cacchiarelli, Alex Meissner, Rolf Adolfsson, Stephen Haggarty, Jon Madison, Matthias Muller, Paola Arlotta, Zhanyan Fu, Guoping Feng, Kevin Eggan
Transcription factor programming of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) has emerged as an approach to generate human neurons for disease modeling. However, programming schemes produce a variety of cell types, and those neurons that are made often retain an immature phenotype, which limits their utility in modeling neuronal processes, including synaptic transmission. We report that combining NGN2 programming with SMAD and WNT inhibition generates human patterned induced neurons (hpiNs). Single-cell analyses showed that hpiN cultures contained cells along a developmental continuum, ranging from poorly differentiated neuronal progenitors to well-differentiated, excitatory glutamatergic neurons...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791772/characterization-culture-medium-optimization-and-antioxidant-activity-of-an-endophytic-vitexin-producing-fungus-dichotomopilus-funicola-y3-from-pigeon-pea-cajanus-cajan-l-millsp
#13
C B Gu, H Ma, W J Ning, L L Niu, H Y Han, X H Yuan, Y J Fu
AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize a fungal endophyte Y3 from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp), as a novel producer of vitexin, and its culture medium optimization and antioxidant activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The endophyte from the leaves of pigeon pea was identified as Dichotomopilus funicola by the morphological and molecular characteristics. The most important medium variables affecting vitexin production in liquid culture of D. funicola Y3 were screened by Plackett-Burman design, and three culture medium constituents (i...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791586/hypoxia-induced-hyperpermeability-of-rat-glomerular-endothelial-cells-involves-hif-2%C3%AE-mediated-changes-in-the-expression-of-occludin-and-zo-1
#14
Peng-Li Luo, Yan-Jun Wang, Yan-Yan Yang, Jia-Jia Yang
This study aimed to investigate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) in the expression of tight junction proteins and permeability alterations in rat glomerular endothelial cells (rGENCs) under hypoxia conditions. The expression level of HIF-2α and tight junction proteins (occludin and ZO-1) in rGENCs were examined following 5% oxygen density exposure at different treatment times. HIF-2α lentivirus transfection was used to knockdown HIF-2α expression. Cells were divided into four groups: 1) control group (rGENCs were cultured under normal oxygen conditions), 2) hypoxia group (rGENCs were cultured under hypoxic conditions), 3) negative control group (rGENCs were infected with HIF-2α lentivirus negative control vectors and cultured under hypoxic conditions), and 4) Len group (rGENCs were transfected with HIF-2α lentivirus and cultured under hypoxic conditions)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791488/comparison-of-the-validity-of-smear-and-culture-conversion-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#15
Kefyalew Addis Alene, Kerri Viney, Hengzhong Yi, Emma S McBryde, Kunyun Yang, Liqiong Bai, Darren J Gray, Zuhui Xu, Archie C A Clements
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has conditionally recommended the use of sputum smear microscopy and culture examination for the monitoring of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment. We aimed to assess and compare the validity of smear and culture conversion at different time points during treatment for MDR-TB, as a prognostic marker for end-of-treatment outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective observational cohort study using data obtained from Hunan Chest Hospital, China and Gondar University Hospital, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790699/evaluation-of-the-secretion-and-release-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-from-two-dimensional-culture-and-three-dimensional-cell-spheroids-formed-with-stem-cells-and-osteoprecursor-cells
#16
Hyunjin Lee, Sung-Il Lee, Youngkyung Ko, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: Co-culture has been applied in cell therapy, including stem cells, and has been reported to give enhanced functionality. OBJECTIVES: In this study, stem-cell spheroids were formed in concave micromolds at different ratios of stem cells to osteoprecursor cells, and the amount of secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gingiva-derived stem cells and osteoprecursor cells in the amount of 6 × 105 were seeded on a 24-well culture plate or concave micromolds...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790697/the-inhibition-of-c-myc-transcription-factor-modulates-the-expression-of-glycolytic-and-glutaminolytic-enzymes-in-fadu-hypopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#17
Robert Kleszcz, Jarosław Paluszczak, Violetta Krajka-Kuźniak, Wanda Baer-Dubowska
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells are dependent on aerobic glycolysis for energy production and increased glutamine consumption. HIF-1α and c-MYC transcription factors regulate the expression of glycolytic and glutaminolytic genes. Their activity may be repressed by SIRT6. Head and neck carcinomas show frequent activation of c-MYC function and SIRT6 down-regulation, which contributes to a strong dependence on glucose and glutamine availability. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of HIF-1α and c-MYC inhibitors (KG-548 and 10058-F4, respectively) and potential SIRT6 inducers - resveratrol and its synthetic derivative DMU-212 with the effect of glycolysis and glutaminolysis inhibitors (2-deoxyglucose and aminooxyacetic acid, respectively) on the metabolism and expression of metabolic enzymes in FaDu hypopharyngeal carcinoma cells...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790427/simulated-microgravity-culture-enhances-the-neuroprotective-effects-of-human-cranial-bone-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Takashi Otsuka, Takeshi Imura, Kei Nakagawa, Looniva Shrestha, Shinya Takahashi, Yumi Kawahara, Taijiro Sueda, Kaoru Kurisu, Louis Yuge
Fundamental cures of central nervous system (CNS) diseases are rarely achieved due to the low regenerative ability of the CNS. Recently, cell-based therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been explored as effective treatments for CNS diseases. Among the various tissue-derived MSCs, we have isolated human cranial bone-derived MSCs (cMSCs) in our laboratory. In addition, we have focused on simulated microgravity (MG) as a valuable culture environment of MSCs. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying functional recovery from the transplantation of MSCs cultured under MG conditions remain unclear...
May 23, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790408/working-men-s-constructions-of-visiting-the-doctor
#19
James R Mahalik, Faedra R Backus Dagirmanjian
To understand influences on medical help seeking in men from traditionally masculine occupations, semistructured interviews with 12 men employed in manual and industrial labor were conducted. The semistructured interview format explored participant men's understanding and experiences of annual exams and medical help seeking, their own and others' reactions to seeking medical help, and influences on their own care and understanding of what it means to seek medical care. Utilizing consensual qualitative research methodology, five domains emerged: Social norms around medical care, managing threat, getting medical help is gendered, work-related influences, and pragmatic contributors to medical help seeking...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790273/serological-cultural-and-molecular-evidence-of-brucella-melitensis-infection-in-goats-in-al-jabal-al-akhdar-sultanate-of-oman
#20
Yasmin ElTahir, Al Ghalya Al Toobi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Osman Mahgoub, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Hadi Al Lawati, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al Kharousi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina Al Busaidi, Eugene H Johnson
Brucellosis, one of the most common zoonotic diseases and has significant public health and economic importance worldwide. Few studies and reports have been performed to estimate the true prevalence of animal brucellosis in the Sultanate of Oman; however, no incidence of the disease was previously reported in Al Jabal Al Akhdar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in goats in eight villages in Al Jebal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman, namely: Al Aqaieb, Al Helailat, Al Ghilayil, Hail Al Hedap, Da'an Al Hamra, Shnoot, Al Qasha'e and Al Sarah, Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
keyword
keyword
26963
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"