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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734213/enhanced-cadmium-phytoremediation-of-glycine-max-l-through-bioaugmentation-of-cadmium-resistant-bacteria-assisted-by-biostimulation
#1
Pongsarun Rojjanateeranaj, Chirawee Sangthong, Benjaphorn Prapagdee
This study examined the potential of three strains of cadmium-resistant bacteria, including Micrococcus sp., Pseudomonas sp. and Arthrobacter sp., to promote root elongation of Glycine max L. seedlings, soil cadmium solubility and cadmium phytoremediation in G. max L. planted in soil highly polluted with cadmium with and without nutrient biostimulation. Micrococcus sp. promoted root length in G. max L. seedlings under toxic cadmium conditions. Soil inoculation with Arthrobacter sp. increased the bioavailable fraction of soil cadmium, particularly in soil amended with a C:N ratio of 20:1...
July 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732179/kgf-enhances-oral-epithelial-adhesion-and-rete-peg-elongation-via-integrins
#2
G L Sa, X P Xiong, J G Ren, J Y Wang, H F Xia, Z K Liu, S G He, Y F Zhao
Oral epithelial adhesion to the lamina propria underlies the physiologic function of the oral mucosa and contributes to resisting bacterial invasion, preventing body fluid loss, and maintaining routine chewing; thus, understanding the factors that positively influence oral epithelial adhesion is a research topic of great interest. Rete pegs contribute to oral epithelial adhesion by enlarging the contact areas, whereas integrins are the major molecules that mediate epithelial cell adhesion to the basement membrane...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732126/chinese-isms-dimensions-in-mainland-china-and-taiwan-convergence-and-extension-of-american-isms-dimensions
#3
Zhuo Job Chen, Kung-Yu Hsu, Xinyue Zhou, Gerard Saucier
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies of American-English isms terms have uncovered as many as five broad factors: Tradition-oriented Religiousness (TR), Subjective Spirituality (SS), Communal Rationalism (CR), Unmitigated Self-Interest (USI), and Inequality Aversion (IA). The present studies took a similar lexical approach to investigate the Chinese-language isms structures in both mainland China and Taiwan. METHOD AND RESULTS: In Study 1, exploratory factor analyses with 915 mainland Chinese subjects uncovered four interpretable factors dimensionalizing 165 mainland Chinese dictionary isms terms...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732028/the-individual-and-contextual-determinants-of-the-use-of-telemedicine-a-descriptive-study-of-the-perceptions-of-senegal-s-physicians-and-telemedicine-projects-managers
#4
Birama Apho Ly, Ronald Labonté, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Mbayang Ndiaye Niang
Telemedicine is considered to be an effective strategy to aid in the recruitment and retention of physicians in underserved areas and, in doing so, improve access to healthcare. Telemedicine's use, however, depends on individual and contextual factors. Using a mixed methods design, we studied these factors in Senegal based on a micro, meso and macro framework. A quantitative questionnaire administered to 165 physicians working in public hospitals and 151 physicians working in district health centres was used to identify individual (micro) factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731670/calcaneus-osteomyelitis-secondary-to-guthrie-test-case-report
#5
Tugce Tural Kara, Tugba Erat, Halil Ozdemir, Aysun Yahsi, Suat Fitoz, Ergin Ciftci, Erdal Incea
Calcaneus osteomyelitis is a rare infection in newborns. Invasive procedures, prematurity and low birth wight are some causative factors. The clinical signs may be mild. We report a neonate with calcaneous osteomyelitis which was secondary to a Guthrie test sample. She was admitted to hospital with swelling, redness and increased temperature on her heel. Superficial tissue ultrasound showed fluid collection with heavy content was observed on the posterior of the right foot. Puncture and drainage was performed and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from the drainage culture...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731660/-excessive-crying-in-infants-in-the-first-months-of-life-review
#6
REVIEW
Patricio Kenny
Cry-fuss problems are among the most common clinical presentations in the first few months of life. Cry-fuss behaviour emerges out of a complex interplay of cultural, psychosocial, environmental and biologic factors, with organic disturbance implicated in only 5% of cases. A holistic biopsychosocial approach can be most effective. This article reviews recent evidence to update clinical management, and will attempt to reconceptualize infant colic definition.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#7
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731631/substrate-curvature-restricts-spreading-and-induces-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#8
Sang Joo Lee, Shengyuan Yang
While cells attach, spread, migrate, proliferate, and differentiate in three-dimensional (3D) micromechanical environments, the mechanical factors of these environments influence the shapes, sizes, and adhesion forces of the cells. Here, we culture human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on a unique class of curvature-defined substrates, micro glass ball embedded polyacrylamide gels, prepared with an improved protocol, and we investigate the spreading responses of the hMSCs on the glass balls to study the effects of substrate curvature on the spreading of hMSCs...
July 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-four-to-six-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#9
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in four- to six-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N=329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching one of 12 depicted beverages (four alcoholic; eight non-alcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731527/mechanotransduction-effects-on-endothelial-cell-proliferation-via-cd31-and-vegfr2-implications-for-immunomagnetic-separation
#10
Kalpesh D Mahajan, Gauri M Nabar, Wei Xue, Mirela Anghelina, Nicanor Moldovan, Jeffrey Chalmers, Jessica Winter
Immunomagnetic separation is used to isolate circulating endothelial cells (ECs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) for diagnostics and tissue engineering. However, potentially detrimental changes in cell properties have been observed post-separation. Here, we studied the effect of mechanical force, which is naturally applied during immunomagnetic separation, on proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), kinase insert domain-positive receptor (KDR) cells, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
July 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731525/differences-in-stem-cell-processing-lead-to-distinct-secretomes-secretion-implications-for-differential-results-of-previous-clinical-trials-of-stem-cell-therapy-for-myocardial-infarction
#11
Bernhard Wernly, Inês Gonçalves, Attila Kiss, Vera Paar, Tobias Mösenlechner, Michael Leisch, David Santer, Lucas Motloch, Klaus Ulrich Klein, Eva Verena Tretter, Daniel Kretzschmar, Bruno Podesser, Christian Jung, Uta C Hoppe, Michael Lichtenauer
INTRODUCTION: Stem cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) seemed to be a promising therapy, however large clinical trials brought differential outcome. It has been shown that paracrine effects of secretomes of stem cells rather than cell therapy might play a fundamental role. The present study sought to compare cell processing protocols of clinical trials and investigated effects of differential cell culture conditions on chemokine secretion and functional effects. METHODS: Different secretomes were compared regarding IL-8, VEGF, MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion...
July 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731372/exploring-the-effect-of-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-the-anti-ebv-antibody-response-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Linda Rolf, Anne-Hilde Muris, Amandine Mathias, Renaud Du Pasquier, Inga Koneczny, Giulio Disanto, Jens Kuhle, Sreeram Ramagopalan, Jan Damoiseaux, Joost Smolders, Raymond Hupperts
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and vitamin D insufficiency are potentially interacting risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 supplements on antibody levels against the EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and to explore any underlying mechanism affecting anti-EBNA-1 antibody levels. METHODS: This study utilized blood samples from a randomized controlled trial in RRMS patients receiving either vitamin D3 (14,000 IU/day; n = 30) or placebo ( n = 23) over 48 weeks...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731172/comparison-of-the-neuronal-differentiation-abilities-of-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-and-adipose-tissue%C3%A2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Yani Zheng, Chao Huang, Fang Liu, Haiyan Lin, Xiangqun Yang, Zhiying Zhang
Bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose tissue‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are able to differentiate into neuron‑like cells when exposed to small molecule compounds, however the specific differences in their neuronal differentiation abilities remain to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to compare the neuronal differentiation abilities of BMSCs and ADSCs. BMSCs and ADSCs from the same Sprague Dawley rats were isolated and cultured for use. The proliferation capacity was revealed using a cell counting method...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731168/osteoclast-regulation-of-osteoblasts-via-rank%C3%A2-rankl-reverse-signal-transduction-in%C3%A2-vitro
#14
Shiqian Zhang, Xiaoyu Wang, Guojun Li, Yang Chong, Jie Zhang, Xinzhen Guo, Baoxin Li, Zhenggang Bi
The treatment of osteoporosis typically inhibits the activity of osteoclasts, which subsequently results in the suppression of bone formation and maintenance, however the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κ‑B ligand (RANKL)‑receptor activator of nuclear factor κ‑B (RANK) signaling axis is important in the osteoblast regulation of osteoclasts. RANKL surface‑bound molecules expressed on T cells stimulate a reverse signaling transduction in order to regulate the T cells, therefore the present study hypothesized that RANKL expressed on osteoblasts may transfer reverse signals to regulate osteoblasts...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730910/the-brief-peer-conflict-scale-psychometric-properties-among-a-sample-of-incarcerated-male-juvenile-offenders
#15
Pedro Pechorro, Justin D Russell, Lara Ayala-Nunes, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Cristina Nunes
Aggression can be considered a multidimensional construct that influences various forms of antisocial behavior, including juvenile delinquency and conduct problems. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Brief Peer Conflict Scale-20 item version (PCS-20) among a Portuguese forensic sample (N = 192) of incarcerated male juvenile offenders ( M = 16.62 years; SD = 1.52 years; age range = 13-18 years). The PCS-20 demonstrated good psychometric properties in terms of its four-factor structure, internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant validity that generally justify its use among incarcerated male youth...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730647/swimming-pools-and-fungi-an-epidemiology-survey-in-polish-indoor-swimming-facilities
#16
Marek Jankowski, Anna Charemska, Rafał Czajkowski
Environmental conditions for swimming facilities may support fungal growth and also may represent a biological risk for users. However, since previously published studies both cleaning procedures and sanitary regulations are likely to have been improved. The aim of the study was to examine whether attendance to public swimming pools was still a risk factor for fungal infection of the skin in Poland. We investigated the occurrence of mycotic species, in a sample from Polish swimming pools. Detection and identification of isolated species were achieved by cultural and morphological methods...
July 20, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730557/extrinsic-religious-orientation-and-disordered-eating-pathology-among-modern-orthodox-israeli-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-adherence-to-the-superwoman-ideal-and-body-dissatisfaction
#17
Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Yael Latzer, Leib Litman, Rachel Ozick
The role of religious and spiritual factors has been recognized with regard to risk factors for disordered eating pathology (DEP). Specifically, religious orientation, or underlying religious motivation, has been associated with DEP among a variety of religious groups. Extrinsic religious orientation has consistently been found to be associated with increased levels of DEP among Christians and Jews in the USA. However, this paradigm has not been investigated cross-culturally. The current study is the first to examine the association of extrinsic religious orientation and DEP among Modern Orthodox Israeli adolescents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730397/-people-give-opinions-but-the-decision-belongs-to-the-patient-examining-cancer-treatment-decisions-among-latinos-as-in-central-florida
#18
Iraida V Carrion, Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Tania Estapé, Lucia Franco-Estrada
Latinos/as, the fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States, experience high cancer rates. Factors contributing to treatment decisions among Latinos diagnosed with cancer must be studied. This paper aims to identify treatment decisions among Latinos with cancer and examine factors influencing these decisions. A qualitative exploratory study using semi-structured interviews of 60 Latino/as diagnosed with cancer was conducted. Close-ended responses were analyzed using percentages and frequency distributions, while open-ended responses were analyzed using open coding and thematic categorization...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730381/pooled-human-serum-increases-regenerative-potential-of-in-vitro-expanded-stem-cells-from-human-extracted-deciduous-teeth
#19
Nazmul Haque, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
In regenerative therapy, in vitro expansion of stem cells is critical to obtain a significantly higher number of cells for successful engraftment after transplantation. However, stem cells lose its regenerative potential and enter senescence during in vitro expansion. In this study, the influence of foetal bovine serum (FBS) and pooled human serum (pHS) on the proliferation, morphology and migration of stem cells from human extracted deciduous teeth (SHED) was compared. SHED (n = 3) was expanded in KnockOut DMEM supplemented with either pHS (pHS-SM) or FBS (FBS-SM)...
July 21, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730353/an-exploration-into-the-bacterial-community-under-different-pasteurization-conditions-during-substrate-preparation-composting-phase-ii-for-agaricus-bisporus-cultivation
#20
Fabricio Rocha Vieira, John Andrew Pecchia
Substrate preparation (i.e., composting) for Agaricus bisporus cultivation is the most critical point of mushroom production. Among many factors involved in the composting process, the microbial ecology of the system is the underlying drive of composting and can be influenced by composting management techniques. Pasteurization temperature at the beginning of phase II, in theory, may influence the bacterial community and subsequently the "selectivity" and nutrition of the final substrate. Therefore, this hypothesis was tested by simulation in bioreactors under different pasteurization conditions (57 °C/6 h, 60 °C/2 h, and 68 °C/2 h), simulating conditions adopted by many producers...
July 20, 2017: Microbial Ecology
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