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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#1
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714708/ethnic-identity-in-context-of-ethnic-discrimination-when-does-gender-and-other-group-orientation-increase-risk-for-depressive-symptoms-for-immigrant-origin-young-adults
#2
M Alexander Thibeault, Gabriela L Stein, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic discrimination increases risk for depressive symptoms, but less is known about factors that influence the impact of this cultural challenge on psychological adjustment for immigrant-origin college students. Sociocultural identity development is especially relevant during emerging adulthood. Studies examining exacerbating or buffering impacts of ethnic identity have yielded mixed results. The current study examines conditions under which one aspect of ethnic identity, affirmation/belonging, moderates the impact of perceived ethnic discrimination stress on depressive symptoms...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713007/future-fertility-for-individuals-with-differences-of-sex-development-parent-attitudes-and-perspectives-about-decision-making
#3
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Angela Shurba, Anthony D'Oro, Elisa J Gordon, Diane Chen, Courtney Finlayson, Jane L Holl
BACKGROUND: Children, adolescents, and young adults (children/youth) with differences/disorders of sex development (DSD) face challenges related to future fertility; this may be due to variations in gonadal development, and, for some, gonadectomy performed to reduce the risk of malignancy. Childhood may be the only time for preservation of biological fertility potential for children/youth who undergo gonadectomy or have early gonadal failure. Fertility-related decision-making for these patients is particularly complicated, due to the need for parental proxy decision-making, potential discordance between gender identity and gonadal type, and uncertain future assisted reproductive technologies...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712347/cultural-competence-a-framework-for-promoting-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-varemba-communities-in-zimbabwe
#4
Kemist Shumba, Musara Lubombo
Almost a decade after the formal introduction of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an important technology for HIV prevention, its implementation is still fraught with acceptability challenges. This is especially true among ethnic groups where male circumcision is conducted as a rite of passage into adulthood. In this article we question why VMMC is being met with resistance despite widespread awareness of its promise to reduce HIV incidence in a culturally circumcising community in Zimbabwe. In-depth and key informant interviews were conducted with selected VaRemba initiation graduates and surgeons respectively in Mposi area in Mberengwa to explore why VMMC has not been readily accepted in their community...
July 17, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697705/sad-people-are-more-accurate-at-expression-identification-with-a-smaller-own-ethnicity-bias-than-happy-people
#5
Peter J Hills, Dominic M Hill
Sad individuals perform more accurately at face identity recognition (Hills, Werno, & Lewis, 2011), possibly because they scan more of the face during encoding. During expression identification tasks, sad individuals do not fixate on the eyes as much as happier individuals (Wu, Pu, Allen, & Pauli, 2012). Fixating on features other than the eyes leads to a reduced own-ethnicity bias (Hills & Lewis, 2006). This background indicates that sad individuals would not view the eyes as much as happy individuals and this would result in improved expression recognition and a reduced own-ethnicity bias...
July 12, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692955/ethnic-density-and-risk-of-mental-ill-health-the-case-of-religious-sectarianism-in-northern-ireland-a-population-data-linkage-study
#6
Tania J Bosqui, Aideen Maguire, Anne Kouvonen, David Wright, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly
An ethnic group that lives in a neighbourhood in which it is in the minority, termed 'lower ethnic density,' tends to report a higher incidence of mental ill-health. This population-based study investigated for the first time the existence of an own-group density effect among Catholic and Protestant communities in Northern Ireland. The entire Northern Ireland born Catholic and Protestant working age (n = 1, 004,060) enumerated population in the 2011 Census of Northern Ireland were included in the study via administrative data-linkage methodology...
July 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688011/separation-anxiety-among-birth-assigned-male-children-in-a-specialty-gender-identity-service
#7
Doug P VanderLaan, Alanna Santarossa, A Natisha Nabbijohn, Hayley Wood, Allison Owen-Anderson, Kenneth J Zucker
Previous research suggested that separation anxiety disorder (SAD) is overrepresented among birth-assigned male children clinic-referred for gender dysphoria (GD). The present study examined maternally reported separation anxiety of birth-assigned male children assessed in a specialty gender identity service (N = 360). SAD was determined in relation to DSM-III and DSM-IV criteria, respectively. A dimensional metric of separation anxiety was examined in relation to several additional factors: age, ethnicity, parental marital status and social class, IQ, gender nonconformity, behavioral and emotional problems, and poor peer relations...
July 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#8
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682089/associations-among-psychological-distress-high-risk-activism-and-conflict-between-ethnic-racial-and-sexual-minority-identities-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-racial-ethnic-minority-adults
#9
Carlos E Santos, Rachel A VanDaalen
In this brief report, we present results from a study exploring the associations of high-risk activism (HRA) orientation in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues; HRA orientation in racial/ethnic issues; conflicts in allegiances (CIA) between one's ethnic-racial and sexual minority identities; and anxiety among LGB racial/ethnic minority adults. A racially and ethnically diverse sample of 208 LGB racial/ethnic minority adults (age: M = 27.52, SD = 8.76) completed an online survey. Bivariate correlations showed that HRA orientation in LGB and in racial/ethnic issues, as well as CIA, were each positively associated with anxiety...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678637/transitioning-illicit-drug-preferences-and-emerging-user-identities-in-ohio-the-proliferation-of-methamphetamine-use-among-african-americans
#10
Karen Coen Flynn, Lee D Hoffer
Understanding the social dynamics of local methamphetamine markets is critical to improving community health and reducing social costs associated with illicit drug use. We examine a local drug market in Summit County, Ohio, wherein methamphetamine users ascribe themselves different ethnic identities from those long associated with the drug elsewhere in the United States. Qualitative interviews with 52 study participants demonstrate that very poor and homeless White males and females are now using methamphetamine; however, even more surprising is that 31 of the participants identified themselves as poor or homeless, male or female African, Native, biracial, or multiracial Americans...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678632/russian-criminal-culture-among-drug-addicted-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#11
Yakhnich Liat
This article explores the cultural context of substance abuse among drug-addicted Former Soviet Union (FSU) immigrants in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, it focuses on immigrant users' affiliation with the Russian criminal culture. The data analysis elicited a number of themes, including the key components of this culture, its attitude toward drug consumption, and its role in the users' lives and rehabilitation. It is argued that drug-addicted immigrants suffer multiple marginalization. Their affiliation with the ethnic criminal subculture serves as a defense reaction that protects their identities and grants them a sense of mastery not afforded in the wider society...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674508/-it-s-just-more-acceptable-to-be-white-or-mixed-race-and-gay-than-black-and-gay-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-homophobia-in-st-lucia
#12
Jimmy Couzens, Berenice Mahoney, Dean Wilkinson
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals come from diverse cultural groups with differing ethnic and racial identities. However, most research on LGB people uses white western samples and studies of Afro-Caribbean diaspora often use Jamaican samples. Thus, the complexity of Afro-Caribbean LGB peoples' experiences of homophobia is largely unknown. The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing (regionalized sexual identity shifting)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672225/acculturation-styles-and-their-associations-with-psychiatric-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-ethnic-minorities-with-schizophrenia
#13
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown, Kayla Gurak
This study examined whether Berry's model of acculturative stress would predict psychiatric symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) in ethnic minorities with schizophrenia. Tested extensively in non-psychiatric populations, Berry's framework generally suggests that integration, or engagement with both the host and minority culture, is most adaptive. Using the Abbreviated Multidimensional Acculturation Scale (AMAS), we tested the hypothesis that individuals with schizophrenia who employed an integrative acculturation strategy would have the highest QoL and lowest symptom severity, followed by the assimilation and enculturation groups, then the marginalized group...
June 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669535/ethnic-socialization-ethnic-identity-life-satisfaction-and-school-achievement-of-roma-ethnic-minority-youth
#14
Radosveta Dimitrova, Deborah J Johnson, Fons J R van de Vijver
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Explaining Positive Adaptation of Immigrant Youth across Cultures. This study tested a mediation model of ethnic socialization (i.e., parental practices that promote children's knowledge about their history, heritage culture, cultural authenticity, and ethnic bias management) in Roma youth. Roma are the largest ethnic minority group in Europe subjected to severe discrimination, both currently and historically. Participants were 202 Roma youth aged 14 to 19 years old (M = 16...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669511/illness-perceptions-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-a-multi-center-international-study
#15
Jessica Rassart, Silke Apers, Adrienne H Kovacs, Philip Moons, Corina Thomet, Werner Budts, Junko Enomoto, Maayke A Sluman, Jou-Kou Wang, Jamie L Jackson, Paul Khairy, Stephen C Cook, Raghavan Subramanyan, Luis Alday, Katrine Eriksen, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Bengt Johansson, Gwen R Rempel, Samuel Menahem, Maryanne Caruana, Gruschen Veldtman, Alexandra Soufi, Susan M Fernandes, Kamila S White, Edward Callus, Shelby Kutty, Koen Luyckx
BACKGROUND: Illness perceptions are cognitive frameworks that patients construct to make sense of their illness. Although the importance of these perceptions has been demonstrated in other chronic illness populations, few studies have focused on the illness perceptions of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examined (1) inter-country variation in illness perceptions, (2) associations between patient characteristics and illness perceptions, and (3) associations between illness perceptions and patient-reported outcomes...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660475/eating-disorders-and-disordered-weight-and-shape-control-behaviors-in-sexual-minority-populations
#16
REVIEW
Jerel P Calzo, Aaron J Blashill, Tiffany A Brown, Russell L Argenal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarized trends and key findings from empirical studies conducted between 2011 and 2017 regarding eating disorders and disordered weight and shape control behaviors among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority (i.e., non-heterosexual) populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research has examined disparities through sociocultural and minority stress approaches. Sexual minorities continue to demonstrate higher rates of disordered eating; disparities are more pronounced among males...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659652/young-child-poverty-in-the-united-states-analyzing-trends-in-poverty-and-the-role-of-anti-poverty-programs-using-the-supplemental-poverty-measure
#17
Jessica Pac, JaeHyun Nam, Jane Waldfogel, Christopher Wimer
Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657346/retaining-traditional-dietary-practices-among-greek-immigrants-to-australia-the-role-of-ethnic-identity
#18
Heath Pillen, George Tsourtos, John Coveney, Antonia Thodis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Antigone Kouris-Blazos
This article explores why some Greek immigrants to Australia continue to adhere to a traditional Mediterranean diet whereas others have adopted eating behaviors characteristic of a less healthy "Australian" diet. Twelve qualitative interviews were conducted and comparisons made between individuals consuming more (n = 6) and less traditional diets (n = 6). The level of adherence to the diet was previously assessed by a diet score in a separate quantitative study (MEDIS-Australia) from which the subset of 12 participants for the present study was recruited...
June 28, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655526/agreement-between-electronic-medical-records-and-self-reported-urologic-domains-in-the-national-spina-bifida-patient-registry-nsbpr-implications-for-future-research
#19
Christopher G Halline, Theresa Meyer, Ilina Rosoklija, Elizabeth B Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Self-report (SR) is an efficient data collection method. However, SR data have been shown to be discrepant with medical record (MR) documentation, which raises questions about using SR to supplement retrospective chart review in research. In this study, pediatric spina bifida (SB) patients who completed SR interviews about continence status and personal bladder/bowel management were identified. We examined agreement between SR data and Urology provider notes in MRs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) identify demographic, medical, or methodological factors that might contribute to SR/MR disagreement; (2) postulate how these findings might be significant clinically; and (3) recommend improvements to SR data collection and MR documentation...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650180/acculturation-acculturative-stressors-and-family-relationships-among-latina-o-immigrants
#20
Georgiana Bostean, Brian Joseph Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: Family relationships, widely recognized as core to Latino cultures, are known to vary for Latina/o immigrants based on time in the United States. Less is known about (a) how acculturation explains differences in family relationships by time in the US, and (b) whether acculturative stressors influence different aspects of immigrants' family relationships. Drawing on an expanded acculturation framework, we explore whether and how attitudinal familism, family contact, and family conflict among immigrant Latina/os vary based on acculturation and acculturative stressors...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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