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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#1
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042345/the-association-of-patient-factors-digital-access-and-online-behavior-on-sustained-patient-portal-use-a-prospective-cohort-of-enrolled-users
#2
Susan S Woods, Christopher W Forsberg, Erin C Schwartz, Kim M Nazi, Judith H Hibbard, Thomas K Houston, Martha Gerrity
BACKGROUND: As electronic health records and computerized workflows expand, there are unprecedented opportunities to digitally connect with patients using secure portals. To realize the value of patient portals, initial reach across populations will need to be demonstrated, as well as sustained usage over time. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to identify patient factors associated with short-term and long-term portal usage after patients registered to access all portal functions...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031691/understanding-vaccine-hesitancy-in-polio-eradication-in-northern-nigeria
#3
Sebastian Taylor, Mahmud Khan, Ado Muhammad, Okey Akpala, Marit van Strien, Chris Morry, Warren Feek, Ellyn Ogden
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy constitutes a major threat to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), and to further expansion of routine immunisation. Understanding hesitancy, leading in some cases to refusal, is vital to the success of GPEI. Re-emergence of circulating wild poliovirus in northern Nigeria in mid-2016, after 24months polio-free, gives urgency to this. But it is equally important to protect and sustain the global gains available through routine immunisation in a time of rising scepticism and potential rejection of specific vaccines or immunisation more generally...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031281/double-disparities-in-the-health-care-for-people-with-schizophrenia-of-an-ethnic-national-minority
#4
Gilad Gal, Hanan Munitz, Itzhak Levav
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown health care disparities among persons of minority status, including in countries with universal health care. Yet, a dearth of studies have addressed disparities resulting from the combined effect of two minority status groups: severe mental illness and ethnic-national sector filiation. This study aimed to compare the differential health care of Jewish- and Arab-Israelis with schizophrenia in a country with a universal health insurance. METHOD: This study builds on a large case-control epidemiological sample (N = 50,499) of Jewish- (92...
October 15, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030792/a-universal-intervention-program-increases-ethnic-racial-identity-exploration-and-resolution-to-predict-adolescent-psychosocial-functioning-one-year-later
#5
Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Olga Kornienko, Sara Douglass Bayless, Kimberly A Updegraff
Ethnic-racial identity formation represents a key developmental task that is especially salient during adolescence and has been associated with many indices of positive adjustment. The Identity Project intervention, which targeted ethnic-racial identity exploration and resolution, was designed based on the theory that program-induced changes in ethnic-racial identity would lead to better psychosocial adjustment (e.g., global identity cohesion, self-esteem, mental health, academic achievement). Adolescents (N =215; Mage =15...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025994/loci-associated-with-skin-pigmentation-identified-in-african-populations
#6
Nicholas G Crawford, Derek E Kelly, Matthew E B Hansen, Marcia H Beltrame, Shaohua Fan, Shanna L Bowman, Ethan Jewett, Alessia Ranciaro, Simon Thompson, Yancy Lo, Susanne P Pfeifer, Jeffrey D Jensen, Michael C Campbell, William Beggs, Farhad Hormozdiari, Sununguko Wata Mpoloka, Gaonyadiwe George Mokone, Thomas Nyambo, Dawit Wolde Meskel, Gurja Belay, Jake Haut, Harriet Rothschild, Leonard Zon, Yi Zhou, Michael A Kovacs, Mai Xu, Tongwu Zhang, Kevin Bishop, Jason Sinclair, Cecilia Rivas, Eugene Elliot, Jiyeon Choi, Shengchao A Li, Belynda Hicks, Shawn Burgess, Christian Abnet, Dawn E Watkins-Chow, Elena Oceana, Yun S Song, Eleazar Eskin, Kevin M Brown, Michael S Marks, Stacie K Loftus, William J Pavan, Meredith Yeager, Stephen Chanock, Sarah Tishkoff
Despite the wide range of skin pigmentation in humans, little is known about its genetic basis in global populations. Examining ethnically diverse African genomes, we identify variants in or near SLC24A5, MFSD12, DDB1, TMEM138, OCA2 and HERC2 that are significantly associated with skin pigmentation. Genetic evidence indicates that the light pigmentation variant at SLC24A5 was introduced into East Africa by gene flow from non-Africans. At all other loci, variants associated with dark pigmentation in Africans are identical by descent in southern Asian and Australo-Melanesian populations...
October 12, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023668/ethnic-harassment-and-immigrant-youth-s-engagement-in-violent-behaviors-understanding-the-risk-factors
#7
Sevgi Bayram Özdemir, Metin Özdemir, Hakån Stattin
The present study aimed to examine whether ethnic harassment was related to violent behaviors among immigrant youth over time and to identify the risk factors. The sample comprised immigrant adolescents living in Sweden (N = 365; Mage  = 13.93, SD = 0.80). Results showed that the more youth were ethnically harassed, the more they engaged in violent acts over time. A separated identity significantly moderated the effect of ethnic harassment on youth's engagement in violent behaviors. Specifically, ethnic harassment positively predicted engagement in violent behaviors only at high levels of separated identity...
October 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023664/discrimination-and-ethnic-racial-identity-understanding-direction-of-effects-using-within-and-between-person-analyses
#8
Katharine H Zeiders, Sara D Bayless, Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
Ethnic-racial identity (ERI) development and ethnic-racial discrimination are two salient experiences among adolescents in the United States. Despite growing awareness of the costs and benefits of these experiences individually, we know little about how they may influence one another. The current study examined competing hypotheses relating discrimination and components of ERI (i.e., exploration, resolution, affirmation) among a sample of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 181; Mage at Wave 1 = 16.83, SD = 1...
October 12, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023628/ethnic-derivation-of-the-ainu-inferred-from-ancient-mitochondrial-dna-data
#9
Noboru Adachi, Tsuneo Kakuda, Ryohei Takahashi, Hideaki Kanzawa-Kiriyama, Ken-Ichi Shinoda
OBJECTIVES: The Ainu, the indigenous people living on the northernmost island of Japan, Hokkaido, have long been a focus of anthropological interest because of their cultural, linguistic, and physical identity. A major problem with genetic studies on the Ainu is that the previously published data stemmed almost exclusively from only 51 modern-day individuals living in Biratori Town, central Hokkaido. To clarify the actual genetic characteristics of the Ainu, individuals who are less influenced by mainland Japanese, who started large-scale immigration into Hokkaido about 150 years ago, should be examined...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023133/women-s-experiences-of-food-insecurity-and-coping-strategies-in-the-chittagong-hill-tracts-bangladesh
#10
H M Ashraf Ali, Helen Vallianatos
Despite advances in food production and distribution technologies, global food insecurity continues throughout parts of South Asia. Using ethnographic data collected from the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh, this article reports on gendered and ethnocultural variations in experiences of food insecurity. Three key findings are that (1) regardless of ethnicity, the majority of the households in this study suffered moderate food insecurity; (2) food insecurity was higher among female-headed households; and (3) women's means of coping strategies varied depending on household structure and ethnic identity...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016151/associations-between-immigrant-status-and-pharmacological-treatments-for-diabetes-in-u-s-adults
#11
Loretta Hsueh, Elizabeth A Vrany, Jay S Patel, Nicole A Hollingshead, Adam T Hirsh, Mary de Groot, Jesse C Stewart
OBJECTIVES: Although treatment disparities in diabetes have been documented along racial/ethnic lines, it is unclear if immigrant groups in the United States experience similar treatment disparities. Our objective was to determine whether immigrant status is associated with differences in pharmacological treatment of diabetes in a nationally representative sample of adults with diabetes. We were specifically interested in differences in treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and insulin...
October 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992365/familial-mediterranean-fever-and-incidence-of-cancer-an-analysis-of-8534-patients-with-258-803-person-years
#12
Ronen Brenner, Ilan Ben-Zvi, Yael Shinar, Irena Liphshitz, Barbara Silverman, Nir Peled, Carmit Levy, Eldad Ben-Chitrit, Avi Livneh, Shaye Kivity
OBJECTIVE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease manifested with recurrent serosal inflammation. The association between FMF and malignancy has not been described. The aim of this study was to estimate cancer risk in a large single-institution cohort of FMF patients. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 8,534 FMF patients registered in the Israel National FMF Center at Tel Hashomer, Israel. We linked the study cohort to the database of the Israel National Cancer Registry using the national identity number...
October 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986744/longitudinal-associations-between-gender-and-ethnic-racial-identity-felt-pressure-from-family-and-peers-and-self-esteem-among-african-american-and-latino-a-youth
#13
Keiko Aoyagi, Carlos E Santos, Kimberly A Updegraff
Gender identity felt pressure is negatively associated with adjustment indices, including self-esteem, among children and early adolescents, and both gender and ethnic-racial identity felt pressure are negatively associated with self-esteem among young adults. This study explored the longitudinal associations between gender identity and ethnic-racial identity felt pressure from family and peers to behave in either gender or race/ethnic-accordant ways, and self-esteem among a sample of 750 (49.2% female) African American (n = 194) and Latino/a youth (n = 556) (M = 12...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978288/delivering-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-education-in-western-kenya-a-phenomenological-case-study
#14
Gary Lacey
While generic programmes have been created to raise sexual health awareness, these cannot always be applied to communities whose cultures and circumstances make them especially vulnerable to infection. Taking a phenomenological approach, this paper examines the circumstances of the Gusii people of Kisii, Kenya, and examines the specific challenges of providing sexual health education to the community as experienced by an ethnic Gusii woman, Joyce Ombasa. Joyce's story reveals that the Gusii living in and around rural villages have several cultural characteristics that make them susceptible to HIV/AIDS and that render community health education problematic, especially if offered by a female educator of the same ethnicity...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977000/social-group-identity-and-population-substructure-in-admixed-populations-in-new-mexico-and-latin-america
#15
Meghan E Healy, Deirdre Hill, Marianne Berwick, Heather Edgar, Jessica Gross, Keith Hunley
We examined the relationship between continental-level genetic ancestry and racial and ethnic identity in an admixed population in New Mexico with the goal of increasing our understanding of how racial and ethnic identity influence genetic substructure in admixed populations. Our sample consists of 98 New Mexicans who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino (NM-HL) and who further categorized themselves by race and ethnic subgroup membership. The genetic data consist of 270 newly-published autosomal microsatellites from the NM-HL sample and previously published data from 57 globally distributed populations, including 13 admixed samples from Central and South America...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975265/pressurized-wideband-absorbance-findings-in-healthy-neonates-a-preliminary-study
#16
Hamzah A Wali, Rafidah Mazlan, Joseph Kei
Purpose: The present study aimed to establish normative data for wideband absorbance (WBA) measured at tympanometric peak pressure (TPP) and 0 daPa and to assess the test-retest reliability of both measurements in healthy neonates. Method: Participants of this cross-sectional study included 99 full-term neonates (165 ears) with mean chronological age of 46.7 hrs (SD = 26.3 hrs). Of the 99 neonates, 58 were Malay, 28 were Indian, and 13 were Chinese. The neonates who passed high-frequency (1 kHz) tympanometry, acoustic stapedial reflex, and distortion product otoacoustic emission screening tests were assessed using a pressurized WBA test (wideband tympanometry)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969689/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-smoking-prevalence-in-israel-and-the-united-states-progress-to-date-and-prospects-for-the-future
#17
REVIEW
Daniel S Blumenthal
An article in this journal in 2016 demonstrated that smoking prevalence among Arab men in Israel is greater than among their Jewish counterparts born in Israel, while the reverse is true among Arab and Jewish Israeli women. This is reflected in lung cancer mortality rates. In the U.S., smoking prevalence in the mid-1960s was 20% higher in African American men than in white men, but has since decreased in both groups, and smoking prevalence in the two groups is now nearly identical. The black-white disparity in lung cancer mortality rates has been reduced by more than half as compared to its zenith in the early 1990s...
October 2, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956092/express-saccades-in-distinct-populations-east-west-and-in-between
#18
Paul C Knox, Felicity D A Wolohan, Mai S Helmy
Express saccades are low latency (80-130 ms), visually guided saccades. While their occurrence is encouraged by the use of gap tasks (the fixation target is extinguished 200 ms prior to the saccade target appearing) and suppressed by the use of overlap tasks (the fixation target remains present when the saccade target appears), there are some healthy, adult participants, "express saccade makers" (ESMs), who persist in generating high proportions (> 30%) of express saccades in overlap conditions. These participants are encountered much more frequently in Chinese participant groups than amongst the Caucasian participants tested to date...
September 27, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947607/lgbtq-bullying-translating-research-to-action-in-pediatrics
#19
Valerie A Earnshaw, Sari L Reisner, Jaana Juvonen, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Jeff Perrotti, Mark A Schuster
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth experience significant bullying that undermines their mental and physical health. National health organizations have called for the development of innovative strategies to address LGBTQ bullying. Pediatricians and other clinicians, medical and public health students, interdisciplinary researchers, government officials, school leaders, community members, parents, and youth from around the country came together at a national symposium entitled "LGBTQ Bullying: Translating Research to Action to Improve the Health of All Youth" in May 2016 to generate strategies to prevent LGBTQ bullying and meet the needs of LGBTQ youth experiencing bullying...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943747/african-american-and-black-caribbean-feelings-of-closeness-to-africans
#20
Michael C Thornton, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Ivy Forsythe-Brown
African American and Black Caribbean relations dominate research on interactions across black ethnic divides. Using National Survey of American Life data, we explore a different aspect of black interethnic attitudes: how close these groups feel toward Africans. African Americans and Black Caribbeans were largely similar in their feelings of closeness to Africans. For Black Caribbeans, younger and male respondents, those reporting higher levels of financial strain, living in the northeast and persons who immigrated to the United States at least 11 years ago, report feeling especially close to Africans...
2017: Identities (Yverdon)
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