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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108844/cultural-identity-among-afghan-and-iraqi-traumatized-refugees-towards-a-conceptual-framework-for-mental-health-care-professionals
#1
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
Cultural identity in relation with mental health is of growing interest in the field of transcultural psychiatry. However, there is a need to clarify the concept of cultural identity in order to make it useful in clinical practice. The purpose of this study is to unravel the complexity and many layers of cultural identity, and to assess how stress and acculturation relate to (changes in) cultural identity. As part of a larger study about cultural identity, trauma, and mental health, 85 patients from Afghanistan and Iraq in treatment for trauma-related disorders were interviewed with a Brief Cultural Interview...
January 20, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108194/psychiatric-risk-in-unstably-housed-sexual-minority-women-relationship-between-sexual-and-racial-minority-status-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-psychiatric-diagnoses
#2
Annesa Flentje, Martha Shumway, Lauren H Wong, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Stress associated with minority statuses has been linked to mental health disorders. However, research conducted exclusively among impoverished women, a population known to be at risk for poor health owing to overlapping risks, is sparse. We sought to determine if homeless and unstably housed sexual minority (i.e., nonheterosexual) women were at greater psychiatric risk than their heterosexual counterparts. We also sought to determine if racial/ethnic minority and human immunodeficiency virus status contributed to psychiatric risks...
January 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103765/depression-and-suicidality-in-gay-men
#3
Carrie Lee, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Olivier Ferlatte
Gay men are a subgroup vulnerable to depression and suicidality. The prevalence of depression among gay men is three times higher than the general adult population. Because depression is a known risk factor for suicide, gay men are also at high risk for suicidality. Despite the high prevalence of depression and suicidality, health researchers and health care providers have tended to focus on sexual health issues, most often human immunodeficiency virus in gay men. Related to this, gay men's health has often been defined by sexual practices, and poorly understood are the intersections of gay men's physical and mental health with social determinants of health including ethnicity, locale, education level, and socioeconomic status...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#4
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076407/medicinal-plant-diversity-and-inter-cultural-interactions-between-indigenous-guarani-criollos-and-polish-migrants-in-the-subtropics-of-argentina
#5
Monika Kujawska, Norma I Hilgert, Héctor A Keller, Guillermo Gil
Numerous studies highlight the importance of phytotherapy for indigenous and non-indigenous people in different parts of the world. In this work we analyze the richness (number of species), diversity (plant identity and the number of illnesses for which it is used) and similarity of plant species and illnesses treated with them, in order to contribute new data and insight into the importance of plant medicines to the local medical systems of people living in Misiones province, in the subtropics of Argentina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033634/how-to-harmonize-the-ethnic-nose
#7
Artur Grinfeld, Rodrigo Betelli, Guilherme Arruda, Washington Almeida
The demand for cosmetic surgery has significantly increased in the past few years mainly due to economic rise witnessed in Brazil. The state of Bahia has predominately Afro-descendant population with the same countrywide scenario, where the surgeon must be able to face challenges such as the specifics demands of rhinoplasty in an ethnic nose. It represents not only a different nasal variety from the Caucasoid, but also a complex anatomical feature, with its own peculiarities, as thicker and oilier skin, with bulky fibrous fatty tissue with numerous sebaceous glands...
December 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029539/disordered-weight-management-behaviors-nonprescription-steroid-use-and-weight-perception-in-transgender-youth
#8
Carly E Guss, David N Williams, Sari L Reisner, S Bryn Austin, Sabra L Katz-Wise
PURPOSE: Disordered weight management behaviors are prevalent among youth; recent case reports suggested that these behaviors might also be common in transgender youth. We studied associations of gender identity with disordered weight management behaviors, nonprescription steroid use, and weight perception among transgender and cisgender (nontransgender) high-school students in Massachusetts. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2013 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey, an anonymous survey in a random sample of Massachusetts public high schools...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029348/ethnic-identity-and-paranoid-thinking-implicit-out-group-preference-and-language-dominance-predict-paranoia-in-emirati-women
#9
Justin Thomas, Richard P Bentall, Lowri Hadden, Lily O'Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychotic experiences including persecutory beliefs are elevated among immigrant and minority populations, especially when living in low ethnic density neighbourhoods (the ethnic density effect). Discrimination, victimization and experiencing a sense of 'not belonging' are hypothesized to play a role in this effect. Because a secure ethnic identity protects against poor self-esteem it may also protect against paranoia. This study explores the relationship between language proficiency (Arabic/English), in-group identity (implicit and explicit) and paranoia in female Emirati university students...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019715/experiences-of-mental-health-services-for-black-men-with-schizophrenia-and-a-history-of-disengagement-a-qualitative-study
#10
Christopher Wagstaff, Hermine Graham, Derek Farrell, Michael Larkin, Mary Nettle
Whilst mental disorders can be disabling they are also treatable, yet engagement with services is often poor and disengagement from treatment is a major concern for mental health nurses. Participants were service users typically perceived as the most disengaged from mental health services, yet they were willing to engage in the research interviews. The seven participants were all male with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, a history of disengagement from mental health services and described their ethnicity as 'black'...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019141/drawing-on-healthcare-professionals-ethnicity-lessons-learned-from-a-danish-community-pharmacy-intervention-for-ethnic-minorities
#11
Anna Mygind, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Janine M Traulsen, Mira El-Souri, Maria Kristiansen
AIMS: To present and discuss implementation experiences regarding the involvement of community pharmacists with ethnic minority backgrounds in a medication review intervention for ethnic minority poly-pharmacy patients in Denmark. METHODS: Data sources include 1) reflection notes from an introductory seminar with pharmacists and the cross-disciplinary research team and 2) five individual interviews and one focus group interview with pharmacists. Data were thematically coded and synthesised to identify underlying rationales and challenges encountered when involving professionals with ethnic minority backgrounds in interventions for ethnic minorities...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006062/association-between-benign-breast-disease-in-african-american-and-white-american-women-and-subsequent-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#12
Lisa A Newman, Azadeh Stark, Dhanajay Chitale, Margaret Pepe, Gary Longton, Maria J Worsham, S David Nathanson, Patricia Miller, Jessica M Bensenhaver, Erica Proctor, Monique Swain, Christos Patriotis, Paul F Engstrom
Importance: Compared with white American (WA) women, African American (AA) women have a 2-fold higher incidence of breast cancers that are negative for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and ERBB2 (triple-negative breast cancer [TNBC]). Triple-negative breast cancer, compared with non-TNBC, likely arises from different pathogenetic pathways, and benign breast disease (BBD) predicts future non-TNBC. Objective: To determine whether AA identity remains associated with TNBC for women with a prior diagnosis of BBD...
December 22, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000697/the-targetable-a1-huntington-disease-haplotype-has-distinct-amerindian-and-european-origins-in-latin-america
#13
Chris Kay, Indira Tirado-Hurtado, Mario Cornejo-Olivas, Jennifer A Collins, Galen Wright, Miguel Inca-Martinez, Diego Veliz-Otani, Maria E Ketelaar, Ramy A Slama, Colin J Ross, Pilar Mazzetti, Michael R Hayden
Huntington disease (HD) is a dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the Huntingtin (HTT) gene. HD occurs worldwide, but the causative mutation is found on different HTT haplotypes in distinct ethnic groups. In Latin America, HD is thought to have European origins, but indigenous Amerindian ancestry has not been investigated. Here, we report dense HTT haplotypes in 62 mestizo Peruvian HD families, 17 HD families from across Latin America, and 42 controls of defined Peruvian Amerindian ethnicity to determine the origin of HD in populations of admixed Amerindian and European descent...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990634/out-group-threats-and-distress-as-antecedents-of-common-in-group-identity-among-majority-and-minority-group-members-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#14
Loris Vezzali, Annalisa Versari, Alessia Cadamuro, Elena Trifiletti, Gian Antonio Di Bernardo
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of out-group threats in fostering one-group perceptions directly and indirectly via post-traumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a natural disaster. We also tested whether these relationships differ depending on the ethnic group of belonging (majority vs. minority). Participants were 589 Italians and 122 immigrants from a region strongly affected by the earthquakes that struck Northern Italy in 2012. Results revealed that among Italians threat stemming from negative out-group behaviour was associated positively with post-traumatic stress symptoms and negatively with perceptions of being a common group with immigrant survivors...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986810/genetic-variations-in-the-human-gprc6a-receptor-control-cell-surface-expression-and-function
#15
Stine Jørgensen, Christian Theil Have, Christina Rye Underwood, Lars Dan Johansen, Petrine Wellendorph, Anette Prior Gjesing, Christinna V Jørgensen, Shi Quan, Gao Rui, Asuka Inoue, Allan Linneberg, Niels Grarup, Wang Jun, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Hans Bräuner-Osborne
GPRC6A is a G protein-coupled receptor activated by L-amino acids, which based on analyses of knockout mice, has been suggested to have physiological functions in metabolism and testicular function. The human ortholog is, however, mostly retained intracellularly in contrast to the cell-surface-expressed murine and goldfish orthologs. The latter orthologs are Gq coupled and lead to intracellular accumulation of inositol phosphates and calcium release. In the present study we cloned the bonobo chimpanzee GPRC6A receptor, which is 99% identical to the human receptor, and show that it is cell surface expressed and functional...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941043/does-racial-ethnic-identity-influence-the-effectiveness-of-a-community-health-worker-intervention-for-african-american-and-latino-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Hiroshi Murayama, Michael S Spencer, Brandy R Sinco, Gloria Palmisano, Edith C Kieffer
Background Community health worker (CHW) interventions are known to be an effective strategy to improve health behaviors and outcomes in relation to diabetes, particularly for racial/ethnic communities. Although understanding the function of identity with same race/ethnicity among clients of CHW interventions could contribute to more effective program design, few studies have explored whether levels of racial/ethnic identity among participants can influence the effectiveness of CHW interventions. Aims We tested the relationship between level of racial/ethnic identity and changes in hemoglobin A1c and diabetes self-efficacy among low-income African American and Latino adults with type 2 diabetes who participated in a CHW intervention...
December 8, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929330/differential-relationships-between-social-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-hiv-status-and-racial-ethnic-identity
#17
Timothy J Williamson, Zanjbeel Mahmood, Taylor P Kuhn, April D Thames
OBJECTIVE: Historically marginalized groups are likely to be exposed to social adversity, which predicts important mental health outcomes (e.g., depression). Despite the well-established relationship between adversity and poor health, few studies have examined how adversity differentially predicts mental health among people living with multiple, co-occurring marginalized identities or statuses. The current study fills this gap by examining whether relationships between social adversity and depressive symptoms differed between those living with or without a stigmatized disease (i...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928196/toward-a-demographic-understanding-of-incarceration-disparities-race-ethnicity-and-age-structure
#18
Matt Vogel, Lauren C Porter
OBJECTIVES: Non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics in the United States are more likely to be incarcerated than non-Hispanic whites. The risk of incarceration also varies with age, and there are striking differences in age distributions across racial/ethnic groups. Guided by these trends, the present study examines the extent to which differences in age structure account for incarceration disparities across racial and ethnic groups. METHODS: We apply two techniques commonly employed in the field of demography, age-standardization and decomposition, to data provided by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the 2010 decennial census to assess the contribution of age structure to racial and ethnic disparities in incarceration...
2016: Journal of Quantitative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924290/data-on-multicultural-education-and-diagnostic-information-profiling-culture-learning-styles-and-creativity
#19
Andino Maseleno, Glenn Hardaker, Noraisikin Sabani, Nabilah Suhaili
This article contains data related to multicultural education and diagnostic information profiling preliminary findings. It includes the responses of 253 students. The data consists of six sections, i) culture: race, ethnicity, language and identity; ii) learning preferences: physiological and perceptual; iii) cognitive learning styles: physical, emotional and mental; iv) creativity skills and problem solving skills; v) motivation; and vi) students' background knowledge. The data may be used as part of data analytics for specific personalized e-learning platform...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923970/an-exploratory-study-of-the-impact-of-gender-on-health-behavior-among-african-american-and-latino-men-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jaclynn Hawkins, Daphne C Watkins, Edith Kieffer, Michael Spencer, Gretchen Piatt, Emily J Nicklett, Alana Lebron, Nicolaus Espitia, Gloria Palmisano
This study explores gender values and beliefs among Latino and African American men with diabetes and examines how these values and beliefs may influence their health behaviors. Participants were recruited from individuals who participated in one of three Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Detroit Partnership diabetes self-management interventions. One focus group was conducted with African American men (n = 10) and two focus groups were conducted with Latino men (n = 12) over a 3-month period...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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