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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640682/vocal-timbre-and-the-classification-of-respondent-sex-in-us-phone-based-surveys
#1
Noah C Riley, John R Blosnich, Todd M Bear, Sari L Reisner
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the conflict of sex and gender identity variables in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) sample and examine how this may affect the administration of sex-related health behavior items to transgender participants. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2014 BRFSS gender identity, sex, and sex-related health behavior variables. Twenty states administered the gender-identity variables (n = 154 062), and 691 respondents identified as transgender in the survey (0...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#2
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639421/penetrance-estimate-of-lrrk2-p-g2019s-mutation-in-individuals-of-non-ashkenazi-jewish-ancestry
#3
Annie J Lee, Yuanjia Wang, Roy N Alcalay, Helen Mejia-Santana, Rachel Saunders-Pullman, Susan Bressman, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Alexis Brice, Suzanne Lesage, Graziella Mangone, Eduardo Tolosa, Claustre Pont-Sunyer, Dolores Vilas, Birgitt Schüle, Farah Kausar, Tatiana Foroud, Daniela Berg, Kathrin Brockmann, Stefano Goldwurm, Chiara Siri, Rosanna Asselta, Javier Ruiz-Martinez, Elisabet Mondragón, Connie Marras, Taneera Ghate, Nir Giladi, Anat Mirelman, Karen Marder
BACKGROUND: Penetrance estimates of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) p.G2019S mutation for PD vary widely (24%-100%). The p.G2019S penetrance in individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry has been estimated as 25%, adjusted for multiple covariates. It is unknown whether penetrance varies among different ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to estimate the penetrance of p.G2019S in individuals of non-Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry and compare penetrance between Ashkenazi Jews and non-Ashkenazi Jews to age 80...
June 22, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632006/psychosocial-obstacles-to-smoking-cessation-attempts-among-young-adult-sexual-minority-women-who-smoke
#4
José A Bauermeister, Emily J Youatt, Emily S Pingel, Jorge H Soler, Michelle M Johns
Sexual minority women (SMW; i.e., women who identify their sexuality as lesbian, bisexual, or something other than heterosexual) report greater smoking behaviors than their heterosexual counterparts across all ages. We conducted a multivariable regression to examine the correlates of prior smoking cessation attempts and smoking cessation intentions in a sample of young SMW who smoke (N = 338; aged 18-24 years). Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics (i.e., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, urbanity), general (i...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#5
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622060/parental-occupations-and-risk-for-crohn-s-disease-in-children
#6
Jobin Eslahpazir, Rituanjali Kumar, Ali Lalavi, Devendra K Amre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lacunae exist on the identity of specific environmental risk factors that associate with Crohn's disease (CD). We hypothesized that indirect exposures acquired via the parents' occupation may confer susceptibility. METHODS: A case-control study based on children diagnosed with CD (prior to age 20) at a tertiary care gastroenterology clinic in Montreal, Canada was carried out. Population- and hospital-based controls without IBD were selected...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619198/cardiovascular-disease-in-incarcerated%C3%A2-populations
#7
REVIEW
Emily A Wang, Nicole Redmond, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Becky Pettit, Marc Stern, Jue Chen, Susan Shero, Erin Iturriaga, Paul Sorlie, Ana V Diez Roux
Currently, 2.2 million individuals are incarcerated, and more than 11 million have been released from U.S. correctional facilities. Individuals with a history of incarceration are more likely to be of racial and ethnic minority populations, poor, and have higher rates of cardiovascular risk factors, especially smoking and hypertension. Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among incarcerated individuals, and those recently released have a higher risk of being hospitalized and dying of cardiovascular disease compared with the general population, even after accounting for differences in racial identity and socioeconomic status...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611723/the-biological-or-cultural-essence-of-essentialism-implications-for-policy-support-among-dominant-and-subordinated-groups
#8
Nur Soylu Yalcinkaya, Sara Estrada-Villalta, Glenn Adams
Most research links (racial) essentialism to negative intergroup outcomes. We propose that this conclusion reflects both a narrow conceptual focus on biological/genetic essence and a narrow research focus from the perspective of racially dominant groups. We distinguished between beliefs in biological and cultural essences, and we investigated the implications of this distinction for support of social justice policies (e.g., affirmative action) among people with dominant (White) and subordinated (e.g., Black, Latino) racial identities in the United States...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600924/-only-you-can-play-with-me-children-s-inclusive-decision-making-reasoning-and-emotions-based-on-peers-gender-and-behavior-problems
#9
Joanna Peplak, Ju-Hyun Song, Tyler Colasante, Tina Malti
This study examined the development of children's decisions, reasoning, and emotions in contexts of peer inclusion/exclusion. We asked an ethnically diverse sample of 117 children aged 4years (n=59; 60% girls) and 8years (n=58; 49% girls) to choose between including hypothetical peers of the same or opposite gender and with or without attention deficit/hyperactivity problems and aggressive behavior. Children also provided justifications for, and emotions associated with, their inclusion decisions. Both 4- and 8-year-olds predominantly chose to include the in-group peer (i...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598496/introduction-to-the-special-section%C3%A2-of-child-development-on-positive-youth-development-in-diverse-and-global-contexts
#10
Patrick J Leman, Emilie P Smith, Anne C Petersen
Positive youth development (PYD) research seeks to understand and promote positive aspects of development in young people. In this the special section, focused upon youth from diverse racial-ethnic backgrounds around the globe, we describe the origins and development of the field, identify key and emerging themes, and present the challenges for work in the area in the years ahead. Central to these are elements that are inherent in many of the articles that constitute the section: These include a need to articulate more clearly the role of social and cultural context in positive development, a need to refine the measures and methods used for collecting data, the significance of social identities, and engagement with other fields of study and with policymakers...
June 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592394/social-media-use-and-access-to-digital-technology-in-us-young-adults-in-2016
#11
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Vinu Ilakkuvan, Megan A Jacobs, Amanda L Graham, Jessica M Rath
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 90% of US young adults with Internet access used social media. Digital and social media are highly prevalent modalities through which young adults explore identity formation, and by extension, learn and transmit norms about health and risk behaviors during this developmental life stage. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide updated estimates of social media use from 2014 to 2016 and correlates of social media use and access to digital technology in data collected from a national sample of US young adults in 2016...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581320/who-self-identifies-as-disabled-an-examination-of-impairment-and-contextual-predictors
#12
Kathleen R Bogart, Adena Rottenstein, Emily M Lund, Lauren Bouchard
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: According to Social Identity Theory, minority group members, like people with disabilities, manage stigma by either "passing" as majority group members or identifying with their minority group. Approximately 15% of the world's population has a disability, but only a fraction of those individuals identify themselves as people with disabilities. Disability identification has been associated with positive outcomes including psychosocial well-being, self-advocacy, and political engagement...
June 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549544/genetic-dissection-of-five-ethnic-groups-from-punjab-north-west-india-a-study-based-on-autosomal-markers
#13
Gagandeep Singh, Indu Talwar, Harkirat Singh Sandhu, Kawaljit Matharoo, A J S Bhanwer
The present study assessed the applicability of Alu insertion elements and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in forensic identification and estimated the extent of genetic variation in five major ethnic groups of Punjab, North-West India. A total of 1012 unrelated samples belonging to Banias, Brahmins, Jat Sikhs, Khatris and Scheduled Castes were genotyped for four Alu elements (ACE, APO, PLAT, D1) and six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms [ESR (PvuII), LPL (PvuII), HTR2A (MspI), DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B, Taq1D]...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540571/peer-victimization-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-the-role-of-intersecting-identities-among-new-york-city-youth
#14
Kriti Thapa, Elizabeth A Kelvin
We investigated the intersection of sexual minority, gender, and Hispanic identities, and their interaction with peer victimization in predicting unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) among New York City (NYC) youths. Using logistic regression with data from the 2011 NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined the association of sexual identity, gender, ethnicity, and peer victimization (dating violence, bullying at school, electronic bullying) in predicting UWCB. Sexual minority youths, dating violence victims, and youths bullied at school had 1...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536601/geneticizing-ethnicity-and-diet-anti-doping-science-and-its-social-impact-in-the-age-of-post-genomics
#15
Jaehwan Hyun
While gene doping and other technological means of sport enhancement have become a topic of ethical debate, a major outcome from genomic research in sports is often linked to the regulation of doping. In particular, researchers within the field of anti-doping science, a regulatory science that aims to develop scientific solutions for regulating doped athletes, have conducted genomic research on anabolic-androgenic steroids. Genomic knowledge on anabolic-androgenic steroids, a knowledge base that has been produced to improve doping regulation, has caused the 'geneticization' of cultural objects such as ethnic identities and dietary habits...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533677/in-pursuit-of-belonging-acculturation-perceived-discrimination-and-ethnic-racial-identity-among-latino-youths
#16
Adrienne Juliet Michele Baldwin-White, Elizabeth Kiehne, Adriana Umaña-Taylor, Flavio F Marsiglia
Guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems framework and informed by the rejection-identification model, this study examined the relationship between acculturation, discrimination, and ethnic-racial identity (ERI) searching and affirmation among a sample of Latino youths (N = 830; mean age = 12.2 years). Results revealed that higher levels of acculturation were associated with lower levels of searching and affirmation. Furthermore, higher perceived discrimination was associated with higher affirmation, but unrelated to searching...
March 2017: Social Work Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530060/-the-truth-about-the-ringworm-affair
#17
REVIEW
Aya Bar Oz
Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea Capitis), a fungal skin ailment that appears on the scalp, was treated until the early sixties by radiation therapy. It was discovered during the seventies that radiation treatment for ringworm may be associated with a higher risk of cancerous and benign tumors in the head and neck area for patients undergoing treatment. In 1995, Israel enacted a law to compensate ringworm irradiation patients which provided monetary compensation for those who were treated between 1946 and 1960...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#18
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517242/race-ethnicity-is-associated-with-abo-non-identical-liver-transplantation-in-the-united-states
#19
Jin Ge, John P Roberts, Jennifer C Lai
United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) policies allows for ABO non-identical liver transplantation (LT) in candidates with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores greater than 30. Previous studies showed ABO non-identical LT resulted in an 18% and 55% net gain in livers for B and AB candidates. These results suggested that the current liver ABO allocation policies may need refinement. There are, however, strong associations between ABO blood groups and race/ethnicity. We hypothesized that race/ethnicity is associated with ABO non-identical LT and that this is primarily influenced by recipient ABO status...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511684/access-to-pediatric-rheumatology-care-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Khulood Khawaja, Mustafa Al-Maini
BACKGROUND: This study looks at access to care for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis through pediatric rheumatology in the UAE, as an example of multi-ethnic society. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of Juvenile idiopathic arthritis were identified through the hospital electronic medical records system from January 1st 2011 to December 31st 2014. All residents of the United Arab Emirates hold an Emirates identity card. We divided our patients into two groups: Emirati-Emirates, who are native Emirati children and hold the Emirati nationality, as stated on their Emirates identity card, and who therefore have full, comprehensive access to free medical care; and non-Emirati-Emirates, who represent other nationalities, as stated on their Emirates identity card...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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