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ethnic identity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319262/ethnic-familial-and-religious-identity-of-roma-adolescents-in-bulgaria-czech-republic-kosovo-and-romania-in-relation-to-their-level-of-well-being
#1
Radosveta Dimitrova, Fons J R van de Vijver, Jitka Taušová, Athanasios Chasiotis, Michael Bender, Carmen Buzea, Fitim Uka, Ergyul Tair
This study examines ethnic, national, familial, and religious identity and well-being of 632 Roma minority and 589 majority adolescents (age: M = 15.98 years, SD = 1.34) in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Results indicated that Roma showed lower endorsement of national identity but stronger religious identity than their majority counterparts. Path models showed positive associations of familial and religious identities with well-being, whereas Roma identity was negatively associated with well-being, particularly for Roma in Bulgaria and Kosovo (countries with a less active policy toward improving conditions of Roma)...
March 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318398/health-and-identity-related-interactions-between-lesbian-bisexual-queer-and-pansexual-women-and-their-healthcare-providers
#2
Aleta Baldwin, Brian Dodge, Vanessa Schick, Debra Herbenick, Stephanie Sanders, Roshni Dhoot, Dennis Fortenberry
Disclosure of sexual identity among sexual minority women is related to better outcomes and improved quality of care. The existing literature on sexual minority women's experiences of identity disclosure and related interactions with healthcare providers draws little distinction between different groups of sexual minority women, despite the different barriers, stigma and health outcomes that exist between them. This paper presents factors influencing identity disclosure and describes the characteristics of interactions that sexual minority women have with their healthcare providers around sexual identity and health...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318013/ethnic-identity-development-and-acculturation-preferences-among-minority-and-majority-youth-norms-and-contact
#3
Roberto González, Brian Lickel, Manisha Gupta, Linda R Tropp, Bernadette P Luengo Kanacri, Eduardo Mora, Pablo De Tezanos-Pinto, Christian Berger, Daniel Valdenegro, Oscar Cayul, Daniel Miranda, Patricio Saavedra, Michelle Bernardino
This article tests a longitudinal model of the antecedents and consequences of changes in identification with indigenous (Mapuche) among indigenous and nonindigenous youth in Chilean school contexts over a 6-month period (633 nonindigenous and 270 Mapuche students, Mages  = 12.47 and 12.80 years, respectively). Results revealed that in-group norms supporting contact and quality of intergroup contact at Time 1 predicted student's changes in Mapuche identification at Time 2, which in turn predicted changes in support for adoption of Chilean culture and maintenance of Mapuche culture at Time 2; some of the relationships between these variables were found to be moderated by age and ethnicity...
March 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314455/multicultural-developmental-experiences-implications-for-resilience-in-transitional-age-youth
#4
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Gabriela Livas Stein
Transitional age youth were born into a world that is becomingly increasingly diverse. Youth who are ethnic or racial minorities encounter cultural stressors, including acculturative stress and discrimination that undermine their health and mental health. Decades of research demonstrate that cultural assets can serve as risk-reducing and resilience-enhancing mechanisms among minority and immigrant youth. Cultural assets include the development of a healthy ethnic-racial identity and maintenance of cultural values...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301041/adolescent-ethnic-identity-in-social-context-a-commentary
#5
Wim Meeus
Key findings from the various studies of this special section of Child Development are that ethnic identity is embedded in a positive proximal interpersonal context in adolescence and that the links between ethnic identity and the interpersonal context seem to become stronger from the beginning of early adolescence on. Remarkably, the (longitudinal) studies do not show that ethnic identity is a better predictor of developmental outcomes or that it can be better predicted in minority groups than in majority groups...
March 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298368/building-a-new-life-in-australia-an-analysis-of-the-first-wave-of-the-longitudinal-study-of-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-to-assess-the-association-between-social-integration-and-self-rated-health
#6
Wen Chen, Li Ling, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between social integration and physical and mental health among humanitarian migrants (HMs) in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used the recently released first wave of data from the 2013 'Building a New Life in Australia' survey, which is an ongoing nationwide longitudinal study. A total of 2399 HMs participated in the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-rated physical health was measured using four items selected from the SF-36 which is a generic measure of health status...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291427/incidence-clinical-features-and-treatment-of-familial-moyamoya-in-pediatric-patients-a-single-institution-series
#7
Jonathan Gaillard, Jennifer Klein, Daniel Duran, Armide Storey, R Michael Scott, Kristopher Kahle, Edward R Smith
OBJECTIVE Limited data exist on familial moyamoya in children. The purpose of this study was to characterize presentation and outcomes of pediatric moyamoya patients who have relatives diagnosed with moyamoya. METHODS The authors performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of a case series including all surgically treated children with moyamoya with first- or second-degree relatives with moyamoya. Clinical and radiographic characteristics were analyzed, along with surgical outcomes. RESULTS A total of 537 patients underwent surgery for moyamoya during the study period...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290798/-combined-effect-of-genetic-factors-age-and-smoking-on-the-risk-of-developing-myocardial-infarction
#8
J Osmak G, N A Matveeva, B V Titov, T R Nasibullin, O E Mustafina, R M Shakhnovich, N G Kukava, M Ya Ruda, O O Favorova
OBJECTIVE: to elaborate a complex model for myocardial infarction (MI) risk assessment considering the combined effect of genetic predisposition, age and smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included two independent samples of ethnic Russians: 325 patients with MI and 185 individuals without history of cardiovascular diseases (controls) from the Moscow region, and 220 patients and 197 controls from the Republic of Bashkortostan. Genotyping of polymorphic loci of genes CRP (rs1130864), IFNG (rs2430561), TGFB1 (rs1982073), FGB (rs1800788) and PTGS1 (rs3842787) was performed...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281177/social-support-and-its-impact-on-ethnic-identity-and-hiv-risk-among-migrant-workers
#9
Nancy Shehadeh, Muni Rubens, Jennifer Attonito, Terri Jennings
Migrant workers are disproportionately affected by HIV due to poverty, social isolation, lack of access to and availability of health care services, acculturation, language barriers, constant mobility, and lack of knowledge. This study examined the impact of changes in social support on ethnic identity and HIV risk behaviors among migrant workers in South Florida. For this study, baseline and 6-month follow-up data were collected from an HIV intervention study among migrant workers in South Florida (n = 270) who reported unprotected sex in the past 30 days...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277025/situated-influences-on-perceived-barriers-to-health-behavior-change-cultural-identity-and-context-in-kazakhstan
#10
Brett J Craig, Aizhan Kapysheva
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the perceived barriers to lifestyle changes citizens of Kazakhstan suffering from cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes were experiencing. DESIGN: 14 focus groups were conducted with patients across two regions of Kazakhstan. Topics of discussion included accessing medical care, communicating with health care providers, and following doctor's recommendations. The text of the discussions were analysed for trends and themes across the different groups...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271625/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-from-the-worldwide-registry-on-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-ppcm-eurobservational-research-programme-in-conjunction-with-the-heart-failure-association-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-study-group-on-ppcm
#11
Karen Sliwa, Alexandre Mebazaa, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Mark C Petrie, Aldo P Maggioni, Cecile Laroche, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Maria Schaufelberger, Luigi Tavazzi, Peter van der Meer, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Petar Seferovic, Karin van Spandonck-Zwarts, Amam Mbakwem, Michael Böhm, Frederic Mouquet, Burkert Pieske, Roger Hall, Piotre Ponikowski, Johann Bauersachs
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to describe disease presentation, co-morbidities, diagnosis and initial therapeutic management of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) living in countries belonging to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) vs. non-ESC countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 500 patients with PPCM entered by 31 March 2016, we report on data of the first 411 patients with completed case record forms (from 43 countries) entered into this ongoing registry...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271522/the-limits-of-intensive-feeding-maternal-foodwork-at-the-intersections-of-race-class-and-gender
#12
Joslyn Brenton
Despite experiencing numerous barriers, mothers today confront increasing social pressure to embody perfection through their foodwork. A growing body of social science research identifies how gender and class inequality shape women's perceptions of food and their feeding strategies, but this research is thus far limited in its understanding of the roles that race and ethnic identity play in a mother's food landscape. Drawing on 60 in-depth interviews with a racially and economically diverse group of mothers, this paper examines how feeding young children is intertwined with contemporary ideas about child health as well as women's efforts to negotiate race, class, and gender hierarchies...
March 8, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262940/the-socialization-of-culturally-related-values-and-prosocial-tendencies-among-mexican-american-adolescents
#13
George P Knight, Gustavo Carlo, Nicole E Mahrer, Alexandra N Davis
The socialization of cultural values, ethnic identity, and prosocial behaviors is examined in a sample of 749 Mexican-American adolescents, ages 9-12; M (SD) = 10.42 years (.55); 49% female, their mothers, and fathers at the 5th, 7th, and 10th grades. Parents' familism values positively predicted their ethnic socialization practices. Mothers' ethnic socialization positively predicted adolescents' ethnic identity, which positively predicted adolescents' familism. Familism was associated with several types of prosocial tendencies...
November 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252982/social-challenges-faced-by-queer-latino-college-men-navigating-negative-responses-to-coming-out-in-a-double-minority-sample-of-emerging-adults
#14
Asia A Eaton, Desdamona Rios
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we qualitatively examine the social challenges experienced by queer, Latino college men in the coming out process. Using an intersectional perspective informed by the double jeopardy hypothesis, intersectional invisibility, and Latino/a cultural norms, we asked 22 queer Latino college men to describe the major challenges they experienced with their sexual identities. METHOD: To examine the subjective experiences of participants' multiple minority identities, we conducted semistructured interviews...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252176/ethnic-socialization-in-neighborhood-contexts-implications-for-ethnic-attitude-and-identity-development-among-mexican-origin-adolescents
#15
Rebecca M B White, George P Knight, Michaeline Jensen, Nancy A Gonzales
Neighborhood Latino ethnic concentration, above and beyond or in combination with mothers' and fathers' ethnic socialization, may have beneficial implications for minority adolescents' ethnic attitude and identity development. These hypotheses, along with two competing hypotheses, were tested prospectively (from x¯age = 12.79-15.83 years) in a sample of 733 Mexican-origin adolescents. Neighborhood ethnic concentration had beneficial implications for ethnic identity processes (i.e., ethnic exploration and perceived peer discrimination) but not for ethnic attitudes...
March 2, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241285/difference-in-differences-analysis-of-the-association-between-state-same-sex-marriage-policies-and-adolescent-suicide-attempts
#16
Julia Raifman, Ellen Moscoe, S Bryn Austin, Margaret McConnell
Importance: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents between the ages of 15 and 24 years. Adolescents who are sexual minorities experience elevated rates of suicide attempts. Objective: To evaluate the association between state same-sex marriage policies and adolescent suicide attempts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used state-level Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2015, which are weighted to be representative of each state that has participation in the survey greater than 60%...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230388/familial-ethnic-socialization-gender-role-attitudes-and-ethnic-identity-development-in-mexican-origin-early-adolescents
#17
Delida Sanchez, Tiffany A Whittaker, Emma Hamilton, Sarah Arango
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relations between familial ethnic socialization and ethnic identity development in 438 Mexican-origin (n = 242 boys and n = 196 girls) preadolescents. In addition, machismo and marianismo gender role attitudes were examined as potential mediators in this link. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the Familial Ethnic Socialization Scale (FES), Machismo Measure (MM), Marianismo Beliefs Scale (MBS), and the Ethnic Identity Brief Scale (EISB) were conducted to test the factor structure with a preadolescent Mexican-origin sample...
February 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222961/the-complex-role-of-social-care-services-in-supporting-the-development-of-sustainable-identities-insights-from-the-experiences-of-british-south-asian-women-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Kulsoom Jawaid Malik, Gemma Unwin, Michael Larkin, Biza Stenfert Kroese, John Rose
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carers and service users with intellectual disabilities from minority ethnic groups have typically been reported to be dissatisfied with the social care services they receive. However, service users themselves have rarely been asked directly about their experiences of social care. This paper aims to understand the meaning of social care services in the lives of South Asian women with intellectual disabilities, in the United Kingdom. METHOD AND PROCEDURE: 10 British South Asian women with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities were interviewed about their experiences of social care services...
February 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219292/a-manner-of-being-body-languages-of-socio-economic-development
#19
Alexandra Antohin
This article proposes to move forward analytical work on the human aspect of socio-economic development, by featuring how personal decisions about physical appearance in effect negotiate socio-ethnic positions and desired economic aims that arise from new technologies of living. By envisioning how the body can serve as a conduit of consciousness-making, tattoos work as one cultural practice that produces an interplay between traditional precedents and contemporary trends and permits reflecting on how the categorizations of rural/urban can behave as a dialectical medium for internal anxieties and debates regarding social transformation...
July 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219258/competent-and-warm
#20
Karolina Hansen, Tamara Rakić, Melanie C Steffens
Most research on ethnicity has focused on visual cues. However, accents are strong social cues that can match or contradict visual cues. We examined understudied reactions to people whose one cue suggests one ethnicity, whereas the other cue contradicts it. In an experiment conducted in Germany, job candidates spoke with an accent either congruent or incongruent with their (German or Turkish) appearance. Based on ethnolinguistic identity theory, we predicted that accents would be strong cues for categorization and evaluation...
January 2017: Experimental Psychology
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