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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816639/posttraumatic-growth-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-associations-with-ethnicity-acculturation-and-religious-service-attendance
#1
Jessica Tobin, Jon-Patrick Allem, Rhona Slaughter, Jennifer B Unger, Ann S Hamilton, Joel E Milam, Jessica Tobin
This study assessed the association between ethnicity, religious service attendance (RSA), and acculturation with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a diverse sample of 235 childhood cancer survivors (CCS). PTG scores were estimated for each ethnicity, and by level of RSA and acculturation. There was a significant curvilinear relationship (inverted U) between RSA and PTG, such that moderate levels of RSA were associated with highest PTG scores. Hispanics reported the highest PTG, and both Hispanic and Anglo cultural orientation were significantly positively associated with PTG...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815988/the-effects-of-ethnic-minority-adolescents-ethnic-self-identification-on-friendship-selection
#2
Philipp Jugert, Lars Leszczensky, Sebastian Pink
This study investigated the effects of ethnic minority adolescents' ethnic self-identification (host country, dual, or heritage country) on friendship choices among ethnic majority and minority peers. Hypotheses were derived from similarity-attraction and social identity theory and tested using longitudinal social network data from 1,004 middle school students (five schools) in Germany. Results showed that ethnic minority adolescents' ethnic self-identification affected friendship selection beyond ethnic homophily...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813327/recent-developments-in-understanding-ethnocultural-and-race-differences-in-trauma-exposure-and-ptsd
#3
REVIEW
Anu Asnaani, Brittany Hall-Clark
Our understanding of demographic specifications that put certain individuals at greater risk for trauma exposure and subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has grown significantly over the past few decades. This brief review specifically examines the studies exploring the potential influence of ethnocultural and racial group status on trauma exposure and PTSD, with a focus on findings published recently in the past five years. We first provide a brief review of current epidemiological data examining associations among ethnicity/culture/race and trauma exposure/PTSD...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810397/healthcare-experiences-of-a-black-lesbian-in-the-united-states
#4
Ofa L Ejaife, Ivy K Ho
Little is known about the healthcare experiences of Black lesbian and bisexual women. This exploratory study examined the healthcare experiences of a 24-year-old Black lesbian and the interconnection between race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual identity in her lived experiences. Data were gathered through an in-depth audio-recorded interview. Findings revealed the risks of and barriers to self-disclosure in healthcare settings, factors that influence the quality of the patient-provider relationship, and the positive and negative healthcare experiences of this Black American lesbian...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806361/health-disparities-in-veterans-a-map-of-the-evidence
#5
Karli Kondo, Allison Low, Teresa Everson, Christine D Gordon, Stephanie Veazie, Crystal C Lozier, Michele Freeman, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Aaron Mendelson, Mark Friesen, Robin Paynter, Caroline Friesen, Johanna Anderson, Erin Boundy, Somnath Saha, Ana Quiñones, Devan Kansagara
BACKGROUND: Goals for improving the quality of care for all Veterans and eliminating health disparities are outlined in the Veterans Health Administration Blueprint for Excellence, but the degree to which disparities in utilization, health outcomes, and quality of care affect Veterans is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the research on health care disparities in the Veterans Health Administration by means of a map of the evidence. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a systematic search for research studies published from 2006 to February 2016 in MEDLINE and other data sources...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805946/racial-entanglements-and-sociological-confusions-repudiating-the-rehabilitation-of-integration
#6
Sivamohan Valluvan
In line with the broader nationalist advances currently remaking the Western political landscape, the concept of integration has witnessed a marked rehabilitation. Whilst many influential critiques of the sociology of integration are already available, this article contests the concept's renewed purchase through addressing its own internal incoherence. Based on research in Stockholm, this critique concerns the relationship between ethnic identity and cultural integration. It will be argued that integration and the production of difference are intertwined, entangled dualities, and far from being a benign entanglement, this duality is premised on the force and reach of everyday civic racisms...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800502/spotlight-on-equality-of-employment-opportunities-a-qualitative-study-of-job-seeking-experiences-of-graduating-nurses-and-physiotherapists-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds
#7
John Hammond, Sylvie Marshall-Lucette, Nigel Davies, Fiona Ross, Ruth Harris
BACKGROUND: There is growing attention in the UK and internationally to the representation of black and minority ethnic groups in healthcare education and the workplace. Although the NHS workforce is very diverse, ethnic minorities are unevenly spread across occupations, and considerably underrepresented in senior positions. Previous research has highlighted that this inequality also exists at junior levels with newly qualified nurses from non-White/British ethnic groups being less likely to get a job at graduation than their White/British colleagues...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799805/british-pakistani-muslim-masculinity-in-fertility-and-the-clinical-encounter
#8
Mwenza Blell
The experiences of men facing fertility disruptions are understudied. For British Pakistanis, the impact of infertility is heightened for women because of normative pressures to bear children. But what of men? I present data from in-depth interviews in North East England with infertile British Pakistani Muslims and relevant health professionals. British Pakistani men's level of participation in clinical encounters and responses to diagnoses of male factor infertility must be understood in the context of kinship, the construction of Pakistani ethnicity in the UK, and the subordinated forms of masculinity which accompany this identity...
August 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776839/same-ethnic-interethnic-and-interracial-friendships-among-asian-early-adolescents
#9
Xiaochen Chen, Sandra Graham
This study examined the psychological functions of three friendship types (i.e., same ethnic, interethnic, and interracial) in a sample of 785 sixth-grade Asian students (Mage  = 11.5 years). Participants listed their friends in sixth grade and whether each nominated friend was the same or a different ethnic group. They also reported on their ethnic identity, intergroup relations, and perceived school safety. Results showed that same-ethnic friendships were related to stronger ethnic identity and interracial friendships were uniquely related to school safety...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766222/breast-cancer-disparities-socioeconomic-factors-versus-biology
#10
Lisa A Newman
Disparities in poverty and health care access barriers have a negative impact on the health and wellness of population subsets that bear a disproportionate share of these socioeconomic disadvantages, such as African Americans and Hispanic/Latina Americans. The more advanced stage distribution of breast cancer in these two population subsets is likely related to imbalance in distribution of socioeconomic resources in the United States. However, differences in the breast cancer burden of population subsets defined by racial/ethnic identity are also influenced by race/ethnicity-associated variation in tumor biology and hereditary susceptibility...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762174/ethnic-chinese-medicine-borderless-civilization-on-the-identity-of-humane-and-scientific-nature-of-chinese-and-western-medicines
#11
Ke-Ji Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757758/deduced-probable-human-leukocyte-antigen-haplotypes-associated-with-human-leukocyte-antigen-drb1-04-36-identified-by-case-analysis-of-taiwanese-individuals
#12
Kuo-Liang Yang, Zheng-Zhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DRB1*04:36 is a low-frequency HLA-DRB1 allele. The aim here is to report the ethnicity of DRB1*04:36 and its associated HLA haplotypes among Taiwanese individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sequence-based typing method was employed to confirm this low incidence allele. Polymerase chain reaction was performed to amplify exons 2 and 3 of the HLA-A and HLA-B loci and exon 2 of the HLA-DRB1 locus using group-specific primer sets...
January 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757744/hla-haplotype-in-association-with-the-low-incidence-c-07-66-allele-found-by-case-analysis-of-taiwanese-and-mainland-chinese-individuals
#13
Kuo-Liang Yang, Zheng-Zhong Zheng
OBJECTIVES: HLA-C*07:66 is a low-incidence HLA-C allele. The aim of the study is to report the Taiwanese and mainland Chinese ethnicities of individuals with C*07:66, together with its uniqueness and polymorphism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sequence-based typing method was employed to confirm this low-incidence allele. Polymerase chain reaction was performed to amplify exons 2, 3, and 4 of the HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C loci and exon 2 of the HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 loci using group-specific primer sets...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757202/leveraging-multi-ethnic-evidence-for-risk-assessment-of-quantitative-traits-in-minority-populations
#14
Marc A Coram, Huaying Fang, Sophie I Candille, Themistocles L Assimes, Hua Tang
An essential component of precision medicine is the ability to predict an individual's risk of disease based on genetic and non-genetic factors. For complex traits and diseases, assessing the risk due to genetic factors is challenging because it requires knowledge of both the identity of variants that influence the trait and their corresponding allelic effects. Although the set of risk variants and their allelic effects may vary between populations, a large proportion of these variants were identified based on studies in populations of European descent...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744249/perceived-prejudice-and-the-mental-health-of-chinese-ethnic-minority-college-students-the-chain-mediating-effect-of-ethnic-identity-and-hope
#15
Jin Yao, Liping Yang
As a multinational country incorporating 56 officially recognized ethnic groups, China is concerned with the mental health of members of minority ethnic groups, with an increasing focus on supporting Chinese ethnic minority college students. Nevertheless, in daily life, members of minority ethnic groups in China often perceive prejudice, which may in turn negatively influence their mental health, with respect to relative levels of ethnic identity and hope. To examine the mediating effects of ethnic identity and hope on the relationship between perceived prejudice and the mental health of Chinese ethnic minority college students, 665 students (18-26 years old; 207 males, 458 females; the proportion of participants is 95...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736148/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-lives-of-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#16
Marla E Eisenberg, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Glynis Shea, Eli Coleman
PURPOSE: Research suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may be at greatly increased risk of high-risk health behaviors compared with cisgender youth, but existing studies are limited by convenience samples and small numbers. This study uses a large school-based sample of adolescents to describe the prevalence of TGNC identity, associations with health risk behaviors and protective factors, and differences across birth-assigned sex. METHODS: This study analyzes existing surveillance data provided by 9th and 11th grade students in Minnesota in 2016 (N = 81,885)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#18
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714708/ethnic-identity-in-context-of-ethnic-discrimination-when-does-gender-and-other-group-orientation-increase-risk-for-depressive-symptoms-for-immigrant-origin-young-adults
#19
M Alexander Thibeault, Gabriela L Stein, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic discrimination increases risk for depressive symptoms, but less is known about factors that influence the impact of this cultural challenge on psychological adjustment for immigrant-origin college students. Sociocultural identity development is especially relevant during emerging adulthood. Studies examining exacerbating or buffering impacts of ethnic identity have yielded mixed results. The current study examines conditions under which one aspect of ethnic identity, affirmation/belonging, moderates the impact of perceived ethnic discrimination stress on depressive symptoms...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713007/future-fertility-for-individuals-with-differences-of-sex-development-parent-attitudes-and-perspectives-about-decision-making
#20
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Angela Shurba, Anthony D'Oro, Elisa J Gordon, Diane Chen, Courtney Finlayson, Jane L Holl
BACKGROUND: Children, adolescents, and young adults (children/youth) with differences/disorders of sex development (DSD) face challenges related to future fertility; this may be due to variations in gonadal development, and, for some, gonadectomy performed to reduce the risk of malignancy. Childhood may be the only time for preservation of biological fertility potential for children/youth who undergo gonadectomy or have early gonadal failure. Fertility-related decision-making for these patients is particularly complicated, due to the need for parental proxy decision-making, potential discordance between gender identity and gonadal type, and uncertain future assisted reproductive technologies...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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