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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219166/muslim-gay-men-identity-conflict-and-politics-in-a-muslim-majority-nation
#1
Nassim Hamdi, Monia Lachheb, Eric Anderson
While a number of investigations have examined how gay Muslim men view homosexuality in relation to religious Western homophobia, this research constitutes the first account of the experiences of self-identified gay men living in an African, Muslim nation, where same-sex sex is both illegal and actively persecuted. We interviewed 28 gay men living in Tunisia in order to understand how they assimilate their sexual, religious and ethnic identities within a highly homophobic culture. Utilizing notions of homoerasure and homohysteria (McCormack and Eric Anderson ,b), and examining the intersection of identity conflict and new social movement theory, we highlight four strategies that participants use to negotiate the dissonance of living with conflicting identities in a context of religious homophobia: (1) privileging their Islamic identities and rejecting homosexuality as a legitimate sexual identity; (2) rejecting Islam and accepting homosexuality as a legitimate sexual identity; (3) interpreting Islam to be supportive of homosexuality; and (4) creating a non-penetrative homosexuality to be compatible with literal Qur'anic interpretations...
December 8, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218823/perspectives-of-cannabis-use-in-the-life-experience-of-men-with-schizophrenia
#2
Chris Wagstaff, Hermine Graham, Derek Farrell, Michael Larkin, Lloyd Tatham
Substance use amongst people with schizophrenia is well-established: up to 50% report using illicit substances. The occurrence of both conditions can also induce people to disengage from mental health services. The research question sought to understand, from the perspective of both service users and clinicians, cannabis use within the experience of people with schizophrenia. The transcripts of the seven participants and the two focus groups were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Service Users and Clinicians were recruited from Assertive outreach community-based teams...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218541/understanding-health-violence-and-acculturation-among-south-asian-women-in-the-us
#3
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell, Loretta DiPietro
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood are seen well into adulthood. This has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians living in the U.S., due to a lack of disaggregated data on this ethnic group. In a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of South Asian women living in the U.S. (n = 535), information was gathered on experience/exposure to childhood violence; adult intimate partner violence; and adverse health outcomes, including ever suicide ideation/attempt, experiences of quality of life and body esteem in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217025/correlation-of-novel-pax6-gene-abnormalities-in-aniridia-and-clinical-presentation
#4
Naif S Sannan, Cheryl Y Gregory-Evans, Christopher J Lyons, Anna M Lehman, Sylvie Langlois, Simon J Warner, Helen Zakrzewski, Kevin Gregory-Evans
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and genotype of subjects with aniridia with a particular focus on foveal hypoplasia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three Canadian participants with aniridia and of various ethnic backgrounds residing in British Columbia. METHODS: Full ophthalmic examinations and posterior segment spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging were performed...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214847/introducing-a-new-assessment-tool-for-measuring-ethnic-racial-identity-the-cross-ethnic-racial-identity-scale-adult-ceris-a
#5
Frank C Worrell, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Amanda Wang
In this article, we examined the psychometric properties of scores on a new instrument, the Cross Ethnic-Racial Identity Scale-Adult (CERIS-A) for use across different ethnic and racial groups. The CERIS-A measures seven ethnic-racial identity attitudes-assimilation, miseducation, self-hatred, anti-dominant, ethnocentricity, multiculturalist inclusive, and ethnic-racial salience. Participants consisted of 803 adults aged 18 to 76, including African Americans (19.3%), Asian Americans (17.6%), European Americans (37...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213249/skewed-sociolinguistic-awareness-of-a-native-non-standard-dialect-evidence-from-the-cypriot-greek-writing-of-greek-cypriot-students
#6
Ioli Ayiomamitou, Androula Yiakoumetti
Over the last 50 years, sociolinguistic research in settings in which a regional, social, or ethnic non-standard linguistic variety is used alongside the standard variety of the same language has steadily increased. The educational implications of the concomitant use of such varieties have also received a great deal of research attention. This study deals with regional linguistic variation and its implications for education by focusing on the Greek Cypriot educational context. This context is ideal for investigating the linguistic profiles of speakers of proximal varieties as the majority of Greek Cypriots are primarily educated in just one of their varieties: the standard educational variety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208718/an-inclusive-research-education-community-irec-impact-of-the-sea-phages-program-on-research-outcomes-and-student-learning
#7
David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham, Laura Betancur, Aiyana Bobrownicki, Steven G Cresawn, Rebecca A Garlena, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Nancy Kaufmann, Welkin H Pope, Daniel A Russell, William R Jacobs, Viknesh Sivanathan, David J Asai, Graham F Hatfull
Engaging undergraduate students in scientific research promises substantial benefits, but it is not accessible to all students and is rarely implemented early in college education, when it will have the greatest impact. An inclusive Research Education Community (iREC) provides a centralized scientific and administrative infrastructure enabling engagement of large numbers of students at different types of institutions. The Science Education Alliance-Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) is an iREC that promotes engagement and continued involvement in science among beginning undergraduate students...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203357/the-health-correlates-of-culture-examining-the-association-between-ethnic-racial-identity-and-diurnal-cortisol-slopes
#8
Katharine H Zeiders, José M Causadias, Rebecca M B White
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the link between ethnic-racial identity (ERI) components (exploration, resolution, and affirmation) and youths' diurnal cortisol slopes. METHODS: A sample of 103 U.S.-Mexican adolescents (Mage = 15.29 years) living in the Southwest participated in an in-home interview and 3-day salivary sampling protocol. RESULTS: ERI affirmation, but not exploration or resolution, was related to steeper diurnal slopes (greater declines in cortisol from waking to bedtime) after controlling for adolescents' life stressors, acculturation level, ethnic-racial discrimination, and daily behaviors (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199054/a-multilevel-approach-to-modeling-health-inequalities-at-the-intersection-of-multiple-social-identities
#9
Clare R Evans, David R Williams, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, S V Subramanian
RATIONALE: Examining interactions between numerous interlocking social identities and the systems of oppression and privilege that shape them is central to health inequalities research. Multilevel models are an alternative and novel approach to examining health inequalities at the intersection of multiple social identities. This approach draws attention to the heterogeneity within and between intersectional social strata by partitioning the total variance across two levels. METHOD: Utilizing a familiar empirical example from social epidemiology-body mass index among U...
November 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196281/the-use-of-avatar-counseling-for-hiv-aids-health-education-the-examination-of-self-identity-in-avatar-preferences
#10
Shantrel Canidate, Mark Hart
BACKGROUND: The number of adults using the Internet to obtain health information is on the rise. An estimated 66% of the adults reportedly use the Internet to obtain health information related to a specific disease (ie, human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV/AIDS). Previous research has demonstrated that health information seekers use the Internet to seek answers to stigma-laden questions from health avatars. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify patterns in the choice of avatar among health information seekers (patients or public health workers) using the Internet to obtain HIV/AIDS information and to describe the demographic characteristics (age, gender, and ethnicity) of health information seekers to determine whether they preferred an avatar that was similar to their own gender and ethnicity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185910/a-critical-analysis-and-applied-intersectionality-framework-with-intercultural-queer-couples
#11
Christian D Chan, Adrienne N Erby
Intercultural Queer couples are growing at an extensive rate in the United States, exemplifying diversity across multiple dimensions (e.g., race, ethnicity, sexuality, affectional identity, gender identity) while experiencing multiple converging forms of oppression (e.g., racism, heterosexism, genderism). Given the dearth of conceptual and empirical literature that unifies both dimensions related to intercultural and Queer, applied practices and research contend with a unilateral approach focusing exclusively on either intercultural or Queer couples...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178466/an-approach-to-discussing-personal-and-social-identity-terminology-with-patients
#12
Alexander Sloboda, Aesha Mustafa, Justine Schober
As the United States of America becomes more socially diverse, it is more important now than ever for health care providers to become more aware of their patients' social identities. It is imperative that providers engage with their patients and see how each of them identifies personally in relation to social construction terminology. As with the terminology of human anatomy, there is a vast and diverse vocabulary concerning the anatomy of society, which is also clinically relevant to health care providers...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172572/a-narrative-approach-to-the-role-of-others-in-ethnic-identity-formation
#13
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164379/identifying-as-american-among-adolescents-from-asian-backgrounds
#14
Lisa Kiang, Melissa R Witkow
An important aspect of identity development requires adolescents to consider and select the cultural label or labels that best fit with their conception of who they are. Yet, little is known about the longitudinal development of such labeling preferencs and their possible links with adjustment. Using longitudinal data from 180 Asian Americans (60% female; 74% U.S.-born), intra-individual and group-level changes in adolescents' American label use were tracked. Over time, 48% chose an American label as their "best-fitting" label and 42% chose an American label at least once, but did not include an American label during at least one other time point...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161453/comparison-of-american-indian-and-non-native-basc-2-self-report-adolescent-scores
#15
Georgette Yetter, Victoria M Foutch
BASC-2 SRP-A scores of 162 American Indian (AI) youth were compared with those of an ethnically diverse sample (N = 200) to explore group equivalence. A MANOVA indicated group differences among the five composites. AIs outscored non-Natives in Inattention/Hyperactivity. We examined AIs' ADHD scores in relation to their acculturation strategies, measured using the Bicultural Ethnic Identity Scale. Culturally marginalized AIs (low White and low Indian acculturation) reported stronger ADHD symptoms than bicultural, assimilated, or separated youth...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159198/perceptions-of-safety-among-lgbtq-people-following-the-2016-pulse-nightclub-shooting
#16
Christopher B Stults, Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
The goals of this manuscript are two-fold. First, we provide a brief reaction to this journal's "Special Section: Reflections on the Orlando Massacre on its First Anniversary." Second, we present findings from a study on perceptions of safety among LGBTQ individuals following the Pulse shooting. These issues are discussed within the historical context of hate crimes experienced by the LGBTQ population (Herek), media coverage following the shooting (Hancock & Halderman), and the immediate reaction of LGBTQ graduate students to the event (Jackson)...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154559/stress-and-cultural-resilience-among-low-income-latino-adolescents-impact-on-daily-mood
#17
Stephanie A Torres, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
OBJECTIVES: Given that Latino adolescents endorse more negative mood when compared to their counterparts of other backgrounds (Kann et al., 2016), it is important to evaluate the impact of risk and resilience factors on negative mood among this population. The current study uses daily diary methodology to examine the associations that daily economic stress, daily family stress, familism, and ethnic identity commitment and exploration have with average daily negative mood and variability in daily negative mood...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152820/positive-peer-association-among-black-american-youth-and-the-roles-of-ethnic-identity-and-gender
#18
Dakari Quimby, Maryse Richards, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Darrick Scott, Dhara Puvar
The study examined whether peer association, a subtype of peer influence that involves the indirect modeling of behaviors, can promote positive development among Black American adolescents living in high-risk neighborhoods. Data were collected during a three-year longitudinal study from a sample of 316 Black American adolescents (M = 11.65 years). As positive peer association increased over time, youth experienced an increase in self-esteem, school connectedness, paternal and maternal closeness, and a decrease in supportive beliefs about aggression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150157/all-cause-mortality-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-12-year-follow-up-of-the-comprehensive-2002-new-zealand-acute-coronary-syndrome-audit
#19
Chris J Ellis, Greg D Gamble, Michael J A Williams, Phil Matsis, John M Elliott, Gerry Devlin, Stewart Mann, John K French, Harvey D White
BACKGROUND: To describe the long-term mortality of a complete national cohort of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients enrolled in 2002, to compare this with a national age, sex and Māori ethnicity matched population, and to assess the influence of baseline factors on the 12-year mortality. METHODS: We reviewed 721 patients with a discharge diagnosis of an ACS who were enrolled in the first New Zealand ACS audit group cohort over 14days in May 2002. We matched the cohort to the national mortality database using each patient's unique national identity number...
November 7, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#20
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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