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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776927/ecological-engineering-helps-maximize-function-in-algal-oil-production
#1
Sara L Jackrel, Anita Narwani, Bastian Bentlage, Robert B Levine, David C Hietala, Phillip E Savage, Todd H Oakley, Vincent J Denef, Bradley J Cardinale
Algal biofuels have the potential to curb emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels, but current growing methods fail to produce fuels that meet the multiple standards necessary for economical industrial use. For example, algae grown as monocultures for biofuel production have not simultaneously and economically achieved high yields of the high-quality, lipid-rich biomass desired for the industrial-scale production of bio-oil. Decades of study in the field of ecology have demonstrated that simultaneous increases in multiple functions, such as the quantity and quality of biomass, can occur in natural ecosystems by increasing biological diversity...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746621/revisiting-the-relationship-between-acculturation-and-smoking-cessation-among-mexican-americans
#2
Yessenia Castro, Christine Vinci, Whitney L Heppner, Miguel Ángel Cano, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, David W Wetter
Background: A well-established gender-differentiated association between acculturation and current smoking exists among Latino adults. There are far fewer studies on the potential influence of acculturation on smoking cessation, and extant findings are mixed. Purpose: Using a multidimensional measure of acculturation, the current study examined the independent and interactive associations of gender and acculturation with smoking cessation among Mexican American smokers engaged in a quit attempt...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746352/healthstart-an-innovative-pilot-model-promoting-diversity-in-nursing-education
#3
Julie A Vignato, Teresa Guinon
This article describes a pilot model for promoting diversity in prelicensure nursing education. The National League for Nursing calls on nursing education leadership to recruit, retain, and graduate diverse students to promote nursing diversity and decrease health disparities. Scaffolding contextualized learning through a learning community and "The Puente Project" bicultural and bilingual outreach guidelines were combined to create HealthStart. Retention rates increased by 23.5 percent in a predominately low socioeconomic, racially and ethnically diverse population...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739491/formative-research-to-promote-the-get-healthy-information-and-coaching-service-ghs-in-the-australian-chinese-community
#4
Leonie Cranney, Li Ming Wen, Huilan Xu, Nancy Tam, Anna Whelan, Myna Hua, Nageen Ahmed
The free, telephone-based Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS) has made sustained improvements in healthy behaviours and weight change in the Australian population, but there is poor uptake of the GHS by culturally and linguistically diverse communities. This formative research study explored the Australian-Chinese community's awareness, perceptions and experiences of the GHS and their knowledge and cultural beliefs about healthy lifestyles. Conducted in Sydney, Australia, the research included 16 Chinese community-stakeholder interviews, a cross-sectional survey of 253 Chinese community members; and a review of Chinese participant GHS data...
May 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720932/influence-of-musical-enculturation-on-brain-responses-to-metric-deviants
#5
Niels T Haumann, Peter Vuust, Freja Bertelsen, Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal
The ability to recognize metric accents is fundamental in both music and language perception. It has been suggested that music listeners prefer rhythms that follow simple binary meters, which are common in Western music. This means that listeners expect odd-numbered beats to be strong and even-numbered beats to be weak. In support of this, studies have shown that listeners exposed to Western music show stronger novelty and incongruity related P3 and irregularity detection related mismatch negativity (MMN) brain responses to attenuated odd- than attenuated even-numbered metric positions...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#6
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562365/cultural-identity-of-young-deaf-adults-with-cochlear-implants-in-comparison-to-deaf-without-cochlear-implants-and-hard-of-hearing-young-adults
#7
Ester Goldblat, Tova Most
This study examined the relationships between cultural identity, severity of hearing loss (HL), and the use of a cochlear implant (CI). One hundred and forty-one adolescents and young adults divided into three groups (deaf with CI, deaf without CI, and hard-of-hearing (HH)) and 134 parents participated. Adolescents and young adults completed questionnaires on cultural identity (hearing, Deaf, marginal, bicultural-hearing, and bicultural-deaf) and communication proficiencies (hearing, spoken language, and sign language)...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470586/implications-of-the-care-act-for-latino-caregivers
#8
Billy A Caceres, Adriana Perez
The Caregiver Advise, Record, Enable (CARE) Act has the potential to make a positive impact in the lives of Latino older adults and their caregivers. As Latino individuals are the fastest growing older adult population, the number of Latino families and caregivers is also expected to grow, particularly among those providing care for someone with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias. Caregiving has been considered a culturally embedded value among Latino individuals. Although few studies have focused on caregiving in this population, those that exist suggest that Latino caregivers struggle to find bilingual and bicultural support and information and show higher levels of distress and health disparities...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467567/acculturation-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-among-hispanic-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-latent-class-analysis
#9
Jessica Tobin, Kimberly A Miller, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger, Ann S Hamilton, Joel E Milam
Objective: Acculturation appears to be an important aspect of the association between ethnicity and disease, but it has not been explored in depth among childhood cancer survivors (CCS). The purpose of our study was to identify distinct acculturative profiles among Hispanic CCS and to assess differences in quality of life and depressive symptoms. Design: Latent class analysis was used to identify distinct acculturative profiles using 9 indicator items reflecting Hispanic and Anglo cultural orientation...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320336/knowledge-gaps-of-the-health-benefits-of-beans-among-low-income-women
#10
Shelly M Palmer, Donna M Winham, Christine Hradek
OBJECTIVES: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. METHODS: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289549/questioning-the-dietary-acculturation-paradox-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-relationship-between-food-and-ethnic-identity-in-a-group-of-mexican-american-women
#11
A Susana Ramírez, Tanya Golash-Boza, Jennifer B Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have described an "acculturation paradox." Increased acculturation to the United States is associated with increased consumption of dietary fat and decreased consumption of fruits/vegetables. OBJECTIVE: To expand understanding of the dietary acculturation paradox, this study examined how bicultural Mexican-American women construct ethnic identity and how these identities and identity-making processes relate to perceptions of health and nutrition...
March 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218541/understanding-health-violence-and-acculturation-among-south-asian-women-in-the-us
#12
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell, Loretta DiPietro
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood are seen well into adulthood. This has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians living in the U.S., due to a lack of disaggregated data on this ethnic group. In a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of South Asian women living in the U.S. (n = 535), information was gathered on experience/exposure to childhood violence; adult intimate partner violence; and adverse health outcomes, including ever suicide ideation/attempt, experiences of quality of life and body esteem in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161453/comparison-of-american-indian-and-non-native-basc-2-self-report-adolescent-scores
#13
Georgette Yetter, Victoria M Foutch
BASC-2 SRP-A scores of 162 American Indian (AI) youth were compared with those of an ethnically diverse sample (N = 200) to explore group equivalence. A MANOVA indicated group differences among the five composites. AIs outscored non-Natives in Inattention/Hyperactivity. We examined AIs' ADHD scores in relation to their acculturation strategies, measured using the Bicultural Ethnic Identity Scale. Culturally marginalized AIs (low White and low Indian acculturation) reported stronger ADHD symptoms than bicultural, assimilated, or separated youth...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129834/the-relationship-between-cochlear-implants-and-deaf-identity
#14
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
The degree to which individuals with cochlear implants (CIs) experience communication difficulties has implications for social participation and identity development. However, few studies have examined the relationship between cochlear implantation, identity, and social participation. Using data from a Danish national survey of deaf adults, the authors examined the significance of having (or not having) a CI in regard to identity (categorized as deaf, hearing, bicultural, and marginal) and various related factors concerning social participation and experiences of being deaf...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084348/concept-analysis-of-dietary-biculturalism-in-filipino-immigrants-within-the-context-of-cardiovascular-risk
#15
Reimund Serafica, Jessica Knurick, Brendan Tran Morris
BACKGROUND: Dietary biculturalism is an emerging phenomenon among the Filipino immigrant population. Determining the concept of dietary biculturalism on this specific population will unravel some of the obscurities of emerging dietary patterns within the context of cardiovascular risk. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a concept analysis of dietary biculturalism within the health context of cardiovascular risk using Walker and Avant's method as an organizing framework...
October 30, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067002/bacterial-synergism-in-lignocellulose-biomass-degradation-complementary-roles-of-degraders-as-influenced-by-complexity-of-the-carbon-source
#16
Larisa Cortes-Tolalpa, Joana F Salles, Jan Dirk van Elsas
Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) is an attractive source of carbon for the production of sugars and other chemicals. Due to its inherent complexity and heterogeneity, efficient biodegradation requires the actions of different types of hydrolytic enzymes. In nature, complex microbial communities that work efficiently and often synergistically accomplish degradation. Studying such synergisms in LCB degradation is fundamental for the establishment of an optimal biological degradation process. Here, we examine the wheat straw degradation potential of synthetic microbial consortia composed of bacteria and fungi...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980405/improving-the-effectiveness-of-interpreted-consultations-australian-interpreter-general-practitioner-and-patient-perspectives
#17
Nancy Sturman, Rebecca Farley, Fernanda Claudio, Patricia Avila
Healthcare consultations with patients lacking English proficiency are challenging for all parties, even in Australian primary care where the engagement of interpreters is encouraged and fully subsidised. Our objective was to understand these challenges from the perspectives of interpreters, patients and general practitioners in order to improve the effectiveness of interpreted consultations. Our investigator team approached the interpreted consultation as an interprofessional collaboration. A convenience sample of seven general practitioners, eight health interpreters and six representatives from culturally and linguistically diverse communities (representing the patient perspective) participated in three separate focus group discussions, lasting 60-90 min each, exploring participant experiences with healthcare consultations in which interpreters were present...
March 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970811/balanced-cultural-identities-promote-cognitive-flexibility-among-immigrant-children
#18
Olivia Spiegler, Birgit Leyendecker
The acculturation complexity model suggests that immersion into dissonant cultures promotes cognitive skills in biculturals (Tadmor and Tetlock, 2006). In the present study, we examined links between identity acculturation and executive functioning (EF). Turkish-German immigrant origin children (N = 225; M = 11 years, SD = 1.6 years, 99 males) were given questions about their identification with Turks and Germans to capture bicultural involvement and a Dot Task (using Hearts and Flowers) to measure EF. Results showed that Turkish-German bicultural children who endorse both cultures with equal strength did not have a cognitive advantage in working memory and inhibition compared to their peers who more clearly preferred one culture over the other...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943069/divergent-responses-in-growth-and-nutritional-quality-of-coastal-macroalgae-to-the-combination-of-increased-pco-2-and-nutrients
#19
Gordon T Ober, Carol S Thornber
Coastal ecosystems are subjected to global and local environmental stressors, including increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2 ) (and subsequent ocean acidification) and nutrient loading. Here, we tested how two common macroalgal species in the Northwest Atlantic (Ulva spp. and Fucus vesiculosus Linneaus) respond to the combination of increased CO2 and nutrient loading. We utilized two levels of pCO2 with two levels of nutrients in a full factorial design, testing the growth rates and tissue quality of Ulva and Fucus grown for 21 days in monoculture and biculture...
October 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917621/effects-of-latino-children-on-their-mothers-dietary-intake-and-dietary-behaviors-the-role-of-children-s-acculturation-and-the-mother-child-acculturation-gap
#20
Sandra H Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Bess Marcus, Holly B Shakya, Scott Roesch, Guadalupe X Ayala
RATIONALE: Research shows that acculturation is important to Latinas' dietary intake and related behaviors. Although evidence suggests children may also play a role, it remains unclear whether children's acculturation is related to mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between Latino children's acculturation and mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. We also examined the mother-child acculturation gap to identify dyad characteristics associated with mothers' diet...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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