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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326052/self-consistency-in-bicultural-persons-dialectical-self-beliefs-mediate-the-relation-between-identity-integration-and-self-consistency
#1
Rui Zhang, Kimberly A Noels, Richard N Lalonde, S J Salas
Prior research differentiates dialectical (e.g., East Asian) from non-dialectical cultures (e.g., North American and Latino) and attributes cultural differences in self-concept consistency to naïve dialecticism. In this research, we explored the effects of managing two cultural identities on consistency within the bicultural self-concept via the role of dialectical beliefs. Because the challenge of integrating more than one culture within the self is common to biculturals of various heritage backgrounds, the effects of bicultural identity integration should not depend on whether the heritage culture is dialectical or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317037/the-role-of-familismo-and-acculturation-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-family-conflict-and-substance-abuse-on-latino-adult-males
#2
Roberto Lopez-Tamayo, Alexa Seda, Leonard A Jason
The significant research gap on Latino adults who completed substance abuse treatment (SAT) impacts the provision of substance use prevention and treatment for this population. Given the need for culturally-appropriate SAT for Latinos, research that examines the role of cultural constructs and acculturation in relation to substance use behavior is warranted. The purpose of the present study is to test, based on the social control theory, a multiple moderation model using the PROCESS macro(1) to examine the moderating effect of Familismo on the association between history of family conflict and years of substance abuse on Latino males who completed SAT at different levels of acculturation (i...
August 2016: Public Health (Fairfax)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#3
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245512/barriers-and-facilitators-to-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-communities-in-victoria-australia
#4
Sheila Cyril, Jan M Nicholson, Kingsley Agho, Michael Polonsky, Andre M Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives. We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives. METHODS: We used the nominal group technique to collect data from 39 participants from Vietnamese, Burmese, African, Afghani and Indian origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#5
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#6
Allison N Williams, Yolanda P Konopken, Colleen S Keller, Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Kimberly J Arcoleo, Estela Barraza, Donald L Patrick, Micah L Olson, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086925/partnerships-in-mental-healthcare-service-delivery-in-low-resource-settings-developing-an-innovative-network-in-rural-nepal
#7
Bibhav Acharya, Duncan Maru, Ryan Schwarz, David Citrin, Jasmine Tenpa, Soniya Hirachan, Madhur Basnet, Poshan Thapa, Sikhar Swar, Scott Halliday, Brandon Kohrt, Nagendra P Luitel, Erick Hung, Bikash Gauchan, Rajeev Pokharel, Maria Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Mental illnesses are the largest contributors to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. However, there is extremely limited access to high quality, culturally-sensitive, and contextually-appropriate mental healthcare services. This situation persists despite the availability of interventions with proven efficacy to improve patient outcomes. A partnerships network is necessary for successful program adaptation and implementation. PARTNERSHIPS NETWORK: We describe our partnerships network as a case example that addresses challenges in delivering mental healthcare and which can serve as a model for similar settings...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#8
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068121/substance-use-and-treatment-outcomes-among-spanish-speaking-latino-as-from-four-acculturation-types
#9
Kelly Serafini, Dennis C Wendt, India J Ornelas, Suzanne R Doyle, Dennis M Donovan
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of acculturation with substance use treatment outcomes in a sample of treatment-seeking Latino/as (N = 405). The study used data from a multisite randomized controlled trial of a culturally adapted version of Motivational Enhancement Therapy delivered in Spanish. Berry, Kim, Minde, and Mok's (1987) acculturation model was used to divide the sample into 4 types (integrated, assimilated, separated, marginalized), based on Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire scores...
March 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018755/the-associations-of-biculturalism-to-prosocial-tendencies-and-positive-self-evaluations
#10
Gustavo Carlo, Camille D Basilio, George P Knight
Although some research exists on biculturalism and negative adjustment, few studies have examined the mechanisms that account for the positive correlates of biculturalism in U.S. Latino youth. Two competing reverse causal models were tested. Specifically, we examined how biculturalism among 574 U.S. Mexican adolescents (n =296 girls; M = 17.84 years, SD = .46 years) was related to prosocial tendencies and positive self evaluation (i.e., self-esteem and general self-efficacy). The findings yielded supportive evidence for both reverse causal models suggesting that prosocial tendencies may mediate the relations between biculturalism and positive self evaluations, and that positive self evaluations may mediate the relations between biculturalism and prosocial tendencies...
November 2016: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881482/the-significance-of-deaf-identity-for-psychological-well-being
#11
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
Research has paid attention to how deaf identity affects life outcomes such as psychological well-being. However, studies are often carried out with small samples and without controlling for other variables. This study examined how different forms of identity-deaf, hearing, bicultural (deaf and hearing), and marginal (neither deaf nor hearing)-were associated with levels of psychological well-being and a number of other variables. The sample was 742 adults with hearing loss in Denmark. The study found that those with a deaf, hearing or bicultural identity had significantly higher levels of psychological well-being than those with a marginal identity...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861802/acculturation-conflict-cultural-parenting-self-efficacy-and-perceived-parenting-competence-in-asian-american-and-latino-a-families
#12
Lisa Kiang, Terese Glatz, Christy M Buchanan
Parents from immigrant backgrounds must deal with normative parenting demands as well as unique challenges associated with acculturation processes. The current study examines the independent and interactive influences of acculturation conflict and cultural parenting self-efficacy (PSE; e.g., parents' confidence in instilling heritage, American, and bicultural values in their children) on perceptions of general parenting competence. Using data from 58 Asian American and 153 Latin American parents of children in grades 6-12, ethnic differences were also explored...
November 11, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810444/lactate-and-acetate-based-cross-feeding-interactions-between-selected-strains-of-lactobacilli-bifidobacteria-and-colon-bacteria-in-the-presence-of-inulin-type-fructans
#13
Frédéric Moens, Marko Verce, Luc De Vuyst
Cross-feeding interactions were studied between selected strains of lactobacilli and/or bifidobacteria and butyrate-producing colon bacteria that consume lactate but are not able to degrade inulin-type fructans (ITF) in a medium for colon bacteria (supplemented with ITF as energy source and acetate when necessary). Degradation of oligofructose by Lactobacillus acidophilus IBB 801 and inulin by Lactobacillus paracasei 8700:2 and Bifidobacterium longum LMG 11047 resulted in the release of free fructose into the medium and the production of mainly lactate (lactobacilli) and acetate (B...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800598/health-examination-is-not-a-priority-for-less-acculturated-asian-americans
#14
Sunmin Lee, David H Chae, Mary Y Jung, Lu Chen, Hee-Soon Juon
This study examines the associations between acculturation and three health examination behaviors (physical, dental, and eye exams) among 846 Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. The study was part of a randomized, community-based trial on liver cancer prevention that targeted Asian Americans in Washington DC metropolitan area. Acculturation was assessed using Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation (SL-ASIA) scale, acculturation clusters, and length of stay. Health examination behaviors in the last 2 years were self-reported...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759883/the-impact-of-early-social-interactions-on-later-language-development-in-spanish-english-bilingual-infants
#15
Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Adrián García-Sierra, Patricia K Kuhl
This study tested the impact of child-directed language input on language development in Spanish-English bilingual infants (N = 25, 11- and 14-month-olds from the Seattle metropolitan area), across languages and independently for each language, controlling for socioeconomic status. Language input was characterized by social interaction variables, defined in terms of speech style ("parentese" vs. standard speech) and social context (one-on-one vs. group). Correlations between parentese one-on-one and productive vocabulary at 24 months (n = 18) were found across languages and in each language independently...
October 19, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690706/families-and-medication-use-and-adherence-among-latinos-with-schizophrenia
#16
Mercedes Hernandez, Concepción Barrio
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence among Latinos with schizophrenia represents a significant treatment obstacle. Although some studies have examined patient and family perceptions of adherence, few have examined these perceptions together. However, such knowledge can provide a deeper understanding of how family processes may contribute to or impede adherence among underserved groups such as Latinos. AIMS: This study explored perceptions of medication and adherence among Latinos with schizophrenia and key family members...
February 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679665/associations-of-acculturation-with-self-report-and-objective-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-latinas
#17
Lilian G Perez, Adrian Chavez, David X Marquez, Sandra C Soto, Jessica Haughton, Elva M Arredondo
Background Less than 50% of Latinas meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Acculturation is a complex cultural phenomenon that may influence health behaviors, but associations between acculturation and Latinas' activity and sedentary levels are unclear. Aim To examine associations of acculturation with Latinas' domain-specific and total PA as well as sedentary time. Method We analyzed baseline data collected between 2011 and 2013 among 410 Latinas (18-65 years) from a PA promotion intervention in San Diego, CA (Fe en Acción/Faith in Action)...
September 27, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564924/lay-health-educators-increase-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-hmong-americans-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Elisa K Tong, Tung T Nguyen, Penny Lo, Susan L Stewart, Ginny L Gildengorin, Janice Y Tsoh, Angela M Jo, Marjorie L Kagawa-Singer, Angela U Sy, Charlene Cuaresma, Hy T Lam, Ching Wong, Mi T Tran, Moon S Chen
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans have lower colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates than non-Hispanic white individuals. Hmong Americans have limited socioeconomic resources and literacy. The current randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine whether bilingual/bicultural lay health educator (LHE) education could increase CRC screening among Hmong Americans. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted among Hmong Americans in Sacramento, California...
January 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557080/development-and-validation-of-the-bicultural-youth-acculturation-questionnaire
#19
Atif Kukaswadia, Ian Janssen, William Pickett, Jasmine Bajwa, Katholiki Georgiades, Richard N Lalonde, Elizabeth C Quon, Saba Safdar, Ian Pike
OBJECTIVES: Acculturation is a multidimensional process involving changes in behaviour and beliefs. Questionnaires developed to measure acculturation are typically designed for specific ethnic populations and adult experiences. This study developed a questionnaire that measures acculturation among ethnically diverse populations of youth that can be included as a module in population surveys. METHODS: Questionnaires measuring acculturation in youth were identified in the literature...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503139/dynamic-self-representation-of-interdependent-chinese-the-effect-of-bicultural-experience
#20
Sisi Xi, Marhaba Mamat, Chaoqin Luo, Yanhong Wu
The process of globalisation has increased the opportunity for Chinese individuals to utilise influences from other cultures that differ from their own collectivistic culture. The explorations of the impact of acculturation on Chinese individuals' self-construals have become intriguing. Thus, we recruited German-Chinese (N = 192) people who live in Germany and had direct bicultural experiences, as well as Mainland-Chinese (N = 192) people who live in Mainland China and had internalised a second culture through more indirect means of exposure...
August 9, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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