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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716295/how-preschoolers-react-to-norm-violations-is-associated-with-culture
#1
Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Children from the age of 3years understand social norms as such and enforce these norms in interactions with others. Differences in parental and institutional education across cultures make it likely that children receive divergent information about how to act in cases of norm violations. In the current study, we investigated whether cultural values are associated with the ways in which children react to norm violations. We tested 80 bicultural 3-year-olds with a norm enforcement paradigm and analyzed their reactions to norm violations...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672225/acculturation-styles-and-their-associations-with-psychiatric-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-ethnic-minorities-with-schizophrenia
#3
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown, Kayla Gurak
This study examined whether Berry's model of acculturative stress would predict psychiatric symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) in ethnic minorities with schizophrenia. Tested extensively in non-psychiatric populations, Berry's framework generally suggests that integration, or engagement with both the host and minority culture, is most adaptive. Using the Abbreviated Multidimensional Acculturation Scale (AMAS), we tested the hypothesis that individuals with schizophrenia who employed an integrative acculturation strategy would have the highest QoL and lowest symptom severity, followed by the assimilation and enculturation groups, then the marginalized group...
June 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671701/demonstration-of-transgressive-overyielding-of-algal-mixed-cultures-in-microdroplets
#4
David N Carruthers, Chang Kyu Byun, Bradley J Cardinale, Xiaoxia Nina Lin
Algae are ubiquitous in natural ecosystems and have been studied extensively for biofuel production due to their unique metabolic capabilities. Most studies to date have approached biofuel optimization through synthetic biology and process engineering with few industrial scale projects considering algal community interactions. Such interactions can potentially lead to increased productivity and reduced community invasability, both important characteristics for scalable algal biofuel production. It is estimated that over a million species of algae exist such that elucidating the interactions that might be beneficial for biofuel production remains extremely resource and time intensive...
July 3, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#5
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575425/social-dominance-orientation-language-orientation-and-deaf-identity
#6
Marc Marschark, Ingo Zettler, Jesper Dammeyer
The notion of the Deaf community as a linguistic-cultural minority has been increasingly recognized and studied over the last two decades. However, significant differences of opinion and perspective within that population typically have been neglected in the literature. Social dominance orientation (SDO), a theoretical construct, typically focusing on intergroup perceptions and relations, is one aspect that has been left unexplored and might prove particularly enlightening. The present study investigated SDO among 119 deaf and 49 hearing young adults through a standardized SDO questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573912/dissecting-and-customising-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-advisory-council-copac-the-development-and-application-of-a-community-engagement-framework-to-improve-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-populations
#7
A M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Migrant communities in Australia bear a disproportionate childhood obesity burden. They also show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives which may contribute to widening obesity disparities. Community engagement has been shown to be effective in reducing health disparities by improving migrant communities' participation in prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrants...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504537/a-tale-of-two-measures-concordance-between-the-arsma-ii-and-the-biq-acculturation-scales-among-latino-immigrant-families
#8
Charles R Martinez, Seth J Schwartz, Michael Thier, Heather H McClure
Acculturation refers to the extent to which an individual immigrant (or immigrant group) acquires the customs and characteristics of a new receiving society and/or retains the customs and characteristics of the person's or group's cultural heritage. Different acculturation measures are often assumed to be interchangeable, although this assumption is rarely tested empirically. The purpose of the present study was to examine the overlap between 2 commonly used measures of acculturation among individuals of Latino/Hispanic ancestry in the United States, the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II (ARSMA-II) and the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version (BIQ-S)...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488277/variants-of-biculturalism-in-migrant-and-host-adolescents-living-in-italy-and-spain-testing-the-importance-of-life-domains-through-the-relative-acculturation-extended-model
#9
Tiziana Mancini, Marisol Navas, Lucia López-Rodríguez, Benedetta Bottura
Several variants of biculturalism have recently been proposed (Schwartz, Birman, Benet-Martínez, & Unger, 2016). Nevertheless, few studies have identified different types of bicultural individuals, and no one has addressed the possibility that these types could depend on acculturation domains. By using the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM), this study aimed to explore if different variants of biculturalism could be individuated, and if some of these variants were sensitive to life domains. Four samples of migrant and host adolescents living in Italy (n = 173 and n = 186) and Spain (n = 139 and n = 156) answered a questionnaire about acculturation perceptions and preferences in central and peripheral life domains...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471870/the-effect-of-immunosuppression-on-airway-integrity
#10
Hannelore Bellon, Elly Vandermeulen, Stijn E Verleden, Tobias Heigl, Hanne Vriens, Elise Lammertyn, Lieve Verlinden, Thomas Vanhove, Mieke Verstuyf, Peter Hoet, Robin Vos, Geert M Verleden, Bart M Vanaudenaerde
BACKGROUND: Insults to the airway epithelium play a key role in constrictive bronchiolitis following lung transplantation (LTx), the typical hallmark of chronic rejection. Our hypothesis is that immunosuppressives might affect airway integrity. METHODS: A biculture of lung bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE) and lung microvascular endothelial cells (HLMVEC) was exposed to immunosuppressives (serum through levels) for 24h or 4 days. Cytotoxicity, trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and permeability was measured after exposure to monotherapies and combination therapies...
May 4, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#11
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408892/conceptualizing-the-dynamics-between-bicultural-identification-and-personal-social-networks
#12
Lydia Repke, Verónica Benet-Martínez
An adequate understanding of the acculturation processes affecting immigrants and their descendants involves ascertaining the dynamic interplay between the way these individuals manage their multiple (and sometimes conflictual) cultural value systems and identifications and possible changes in their social networks. To fill this gap, the present research examines how key acculturation variables (e.g., strength of ethnic/host cultural identifications, bicultural identity integration or BII) relate to the composition and structure of bicultural individuals' personal social networks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379740/conflicting-cultural-values-gender-role-attitudes-and-acculturation-exploring-the-context-of-reproductive-and-mental-health-of-asian-indian-immigrant-women-in-the-us
#13
Semran K Mann, Lisa R Roberts, Susanne Montgomery
Asian-Indians, one of the fastest growing US immigrant groups, experience depression and anxiety, particularly among women. In this mixed-methods study, quantitative (n = 217) and qualitative (n = 36) data explored egalitarian vs. traditional views regarding women's roles and rights. Bicultural integration, family planning decision-making ability, and anxiety were associated with more egalitarian views, while Punjabi language preference, depression, and more births were associated with traditional views. Health care professionals serving this population need to be aware of the potential cultural values conflicts and gender role expectations that influence decisions around reproductive health and mental health care for Asian-Indian immigrant women...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368865/a-bicultural-researcher-s-reflections-on-ethical-research-practices-with-muslim-immigrant-women-merging-boundaries-and-challenging-binaries
#14
Jordana Salma, Linda Ogilvie, Norah Keating, Kathleen F Hunter
Bicultural researchers are well positioned to identify tensions, disrupt binaries of positions, and reconcile differences across cultural contexts to ensure ethical research practices. This article focuses on a bicultural researcher's experiences of ethically important moments in research activities with Muslim immigrant women. Three ethical principles of respect, justice, and concern for welfare are highlighted, revealing the implications of binary constructions of identity, the value of situated knowledge in creating ethical research practices, and the need to recognize agency as a counterforce to oppressive narratives about Muslim women...
April 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326052/self-consistency-in-bicultural-persons-dialectical-self-beliefs-mediate-the-relation-between-identity-integration-and-self-consistency
#15
Rui Zhang, Kimberly A Noels, Richard N Lalonde, S J Salas
Prior research differentiates dialectical (e.g., East Asian) from non-dialectical cultures (e.g., North American and Latino) and attributes cultural differences in self-concept consistency to naïve dialecticism. In this research, we explored the effects of managing two cultural identities on consistency within the bicultural self-concept via the role of dialectical beliefs. Because the challenge of integrating more than one culture within the self is common to biculturals of various heritage backgrounds, the effects of bicultural identity integration should not depend on whether the heritage culture is dialectical or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317037/the-role-of-familismo-and-acculturation-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-family-conflict-and-substance-abuse-on-latino-adult-males
#16
Roberto Lopez-Tamayo, Alexa Seda, Leonard A Jason
The significant research gap on Latino adults who completed substance abuse treatment (SAT) impacts the provision of substance use prevention and treatment for this population. Given the need for culturally-appropriate SAT for Latinos, research that examines the role of cultural constructs and acculturation in relation to substance use behavior is warranted. The purpose of the present study is to test, based on the social control theory, a multiple moderation model using the PROCESS macro(1) to examine the moderating effect of Familismo on the association between history of family conflict and years of substance abuse on Latino males who completed SAT at different levels of acculturation (i...
August 2016: Public Health (Fairfax, Va.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#17
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245512/barriers-and-facilitators-to-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-communities-in-victoria-australia
#18
Sheila Cyril, Jan M Nicholson, Kingsley Agho, Michael Polonsky, Andre M Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives. We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives. METHODS: We used the nominal group technique to collect data from 39 participants from Vietnamese, Burmese, African, Afghani and Indian origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia...
June 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#19
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#20
Allison N Williams, Yolanda P Konopken, Colleen S Keller, Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Kimberly J Arcoleo, Estela Barraza, Donald L Patrick, Micah L Olson, Gabriel Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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