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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129834/the-relationship-between-cochlear-implants-and-deaf-identity
#1
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
The degree to which individuals with cochlear implants (CIs) experience communication difficulties has implications for social participation and identity development. However, few studies have examined the relationship between cochlear implantation, identity, and social participation. Using data from a Danish national survey of deaf adults, the authors examined the significance of having (or not having) a CI in regard to identity (categorized as deaf, hearing, bicultural, and marginal) and various related factors concerning social participation and experiences of being deaf...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084348/concept-analysis-of-dietary-biculturalism-in-filipino-immigrants-within-the-context-of-cardiovascular-risk
#2
Reimund Serafica, Jessica Knurick, Brendan Tran Morris
BACKGROUND: Dietary biculturalism is an emerging phenomenon among the Filipino immigrant population. Determining the concept of dietary biculturalism on this specific population will unravel some of the obscurities of emerging dietary patterns within the context of cardiovascular risk. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a concept analysis of dietary biculturalism within the health context of cardiovascular risk using Walker and Avant's method as an organizing framework...
October 30, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067002/bacterial-synergism-in-lignocellulose-biomass-degradation-complementary-roles-of-degraders-as-influenced-by-complexity-of-the-carbon-source
#3
Larisa Cortes-Tolalpa, Joana F Salles, Jan Dirk van Elsas
Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) is an attractive source of carbon for the production of sugars and other chemicals. Due to its inherent complexity and heterogeneity, efficient biodegradation requires the actions of different types of hydrolytic enzymes. In nature, complex microbial communities that work efficiently and often synergistically accomplish degradation. Studying such synergisms in LCB degradation is fundamental for the establishment of an optimal biological degradation process. Here, we examine the wheat straw degradation potential of synthetic microbial consortia composed of bacteria and fungi...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980405/improving-the-effectiveness-of-interpreted-consultations-australian-interpreter-general-practitioner-and-patient-perspectives
#4
Nancy Sturman, Rebecca Farley, Fernanda Claudio, Patricia Avila
Healthcare consultations with patients lacking English proficiency are challenging for all parties, even in Australian primary care where the engagement of interpreters is encouraged and fully subsidised. Our objective was to understand these challenges from the perspectives of interpreters, patients and general practitioners in order to improve the effectiveness of interpreted consultations. Our investigator team approached the interpreted consultation as an interprofessional collaboration. A convenience sample of seven general practitioners, eight health interpreters and six representatives from culturally and linguistically diverse communities (representing the patient perspective) participated in three separate focus group discussions, lasting 60-90 min each, exploring participant experiences with healthcare consultations in which interpreters were present...
October 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970811/balanced-cultural-identities-promote-cognitive-flexibility-among-immigrant-children
#5
Olivia Spiegler, Birgit Leyendecker
The acculturation complexity model suggests that immersion into dissonant cultures promotes cognitive skills in biculturals (Tadmor and Tetlock, 2006). In the present study, we examined links between identity acculturation and executive functioning (EF). Turkish-German immigrant origin children (N = 225; M = 11 years, SD = 1.6 years, 99 males) were given questions about their identification with Turks and Germans to capture bicultural involvement and a Dot Task (using Hearts and Flowers) to measure EF. Results showed that Turkish-German bicultural children who endorse both cultures with equal strength did not have a cognitive advantage in working memory and inhibition compared to their peers who more clearly preferred one culture over the other...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943069/divergent-responses-in-growth-and-nutritional-quality-of-coastal-macroalgae-to-the-combination-of-increased-pco2-and-nutrients
#6
Gordon T Ober, Carol S Thornber
Coastal ecosystems are subjected to global and local environmental stressors, including increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) (and subsequent ocean acidification) and nutrient loading. Here, we tested how two common macroalgal species in the Northwest Atlantic (Ulva spp. and Fucus vesiculosus Linneaus) respond to the combination of increased CO2 and nutrient loading. We utilized two levels of pCO2 with two levels of nutrients in a full factorial design, testing the growth rates and tissue quality of Ulva and Fucus grown for 21 days in monoculture and biculture...
October 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917621/effects-of-latino-children-on-their-mothers-dietary-intake-and-dietary-behaviors-the-role-of-children-s-acculturation-and-the-mother-child-acculturation-gap
#7
Sandra H Soto, Elva M Arredondo, Bess Marcus, Holly B Shakya, Scott Roesch, Guadalupe X Ayala
RATIONALE: Research shows that acculturation is important to Latinas' dietary intake and related behaviors. Although evidence suggests children may also play a role, it remains unclear whether children's acculturation is related to mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between Latino children's acculturation and mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. We also examined the mother-child acculturation gap to identify dyad characteristics associated with mothers' diet...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816589/acculturation-influences-postpartum-eating-activity-and-weight-retention-in-low-income-hispanic-women
#8
Chantel L Martin, Deborah F Tate, Andrew Schaffner, Anna Brannen, Karen Erickson Hatley, Molly Diamond, Karen Munoz-Christian, Jeremy Pomeroy, Teresa Sanchez, Adrian Mercado, Todd Hagobian, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Low-income Hispanic women experience elevated rates of high postpartum weight retention (PPWR), which is an independent risk factor for lifetime obesity. Sociocultural factors might play an important role among Hispanic women; however, very few studies have examined this association. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the associations between acculturation and maternal diet, physical activity, and PPWR. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study of baseline data from 282 Hispanic women participating in the FitMoms/Mamás Activas study, a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of primarily an internet-based weight control program, in reducing PPWR among low-income women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798506/the-relationship-between-acculturation-ecodevelopment-and-substance-use-among-hispanic-adolescents
#9
Marcos J Martinez, Shi Huang, Yannine Estrada, Madeline Y Sutton, Guillermo Prado
Using structural equation modeling, we examined the relationship of Hispanicism on recent substance use and whether Americanism moderated the effect in a sample of 1,141 Hispanic adolescents. The Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire (BIQ) was used to determine the degree of individual comfort in both Hispanic (Hispanicism) and American (Americanism) cultures. Hispanicism was associated with greater family functioning (β = 0.36, p < .05) and school bonding (β = 0.31, p < .01); Americanism moderated the effect of Hispanicism on substance use (β = 0...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771072/comparative-associations-between-achieved-bicultural-identity-achieved-ego-identity-and-achieved-religious-identity-and-adaptation-among-australian-adolescent-muslims
#10
Hisham M Abu-Rayya, Maram H Abu-Rayya, Fiona A White, Richard Walker
This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756817/an-integrated-healthcare-service-for-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-in-the-south-eastern-region-of-melbourne-monash-health-refugee-health-and-wellbeing
#11
Jacquie McBride, Andrew Block, Alana Russo
Asylum seekers and refugees generally have poorer health than the broader Australian population. However, these groups experience a range of barriers to accessing universal health services. Generalist and specialist refugee health services have been established in Australia to improve the health of humanitarian migrant groups. This article describes a refugee health service established in a high-settlement region of Melbourne, Australia, and explores clients' experiences with the service. Client feedback was captured through interviews (n=18) and surveys (n=159)...
July 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752664/modeling-plant-interspecific-interactions-from-experiments-with-perennial-crop-mixtures-to-predict-optimal-combinations
#12
Virginia Halty, Matías Valdés, Mauricio Tejera, Valentín Picasso, Hugo Fort
The contribution of plant species richness to productivity and ecosystem functioning is a longstanding issue in ecology, with relevant implications for both conservation and agriculture. Both experiments and quantitative modeling are fundamental to the design of sustainable agroecosystems and the optimization of crop production. We modeled communities of perennial crop mixtures by using a generalized Lotka-Volterra model, i.e., a model such that the interspecific interactions are more general than purely competitive...
July 28, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747857/acculturation-depression-and-smoking-cessation-a-trajectory-pattern-recognition-approach
#13
Sun S Kim, Hua Fang, Kunsook Bernstein, Zhaoyang Zhang, Joseph DiFranza, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
BACKGROUND: Korean Americans are known for a high smoking prevalence within the Asian American population. This study examined the effects of acculturation and depression on Korean Americans' smoking cessation and abstinence. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a smoking cessation study that implemented eight weekly individualized counseling sessions of a culturally adapted cessation intervention for the treatment arm and a standard cognitive behavioral therapy for the comparison arm...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716295/how-preschoolers-react-to-norm-violations-is-associated-with-culture
#14
Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Children from the age of 3years understand social norms as such and enforce these norms in interactions with others. Differences in parental and institutional education across cultures make it likely that children receive divergent information about how to act in cases of norm violations. In the current study, we investigated whether cultural values are associated with the ways in which children react to norm violations. We tested 80 bicultural 3-year-olds with a norm enforcement paradigm and analyzed their reactions to norm violations...
January 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#15
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672225/acculturation-styles-and-their-associations-with-psychiatric-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-ethnic-minorities-with-schizophrenia
#16
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown, Kayla Gurak
This study examined whether Berry's model of acculturative stress would predict psychiatric symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) in ethnic minorities with schizophrenia. Tested extensively in non-psychiatric populations, Berry's framework generally suggests that integration, or engagement with both the host and minority culture, is most adaptive. Using the Abbreviated Multidimensional Acculturation Scale (AMAS), we tested the hypothesis that individuals with schizophrenia who employed an integrative acculturation strategy would have the highest QoL and lowest symptom severity, followed by the assimilation and enculturation groups, then the marginalized group...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671701/demonstration-of-transgressive-overyielding-of-algal-mixed-cultures-in-microdroplets
#17
David N Carruthers, Chang Kyu Byun, Bradley J Cardinale, Xiaoxia Nina Lin
Algae are ubiquitous in natural ecosystems and have been studied extensively for biofuel production due to their unique metabolic capabilities. Most studies to date have approached biofuel optimization through synthetic biology and process engineering with few industrial scale projects considering algal community interactions. Such interactions can potentially lead to increased productivity and reduced community invasability, both important characteristics for scalable algal biofuel production. It is estimated that over a million species of algae exist such that elucidating the interactions that might be beneficial for biofuel production remains extremely resource and time intensive...
August 14, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#18
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575425/social-dominance-orientation-language-orientation-and-deaf-identity
#19
Marc Marschark, Ingo Zettler, Jesper Dammeyer
The notion of the Deaf community as a linguistic-cultural minority has been increasingly recognized and studied over the last two decades. However, significant differences of opinion and perspective within that population typically have been neglected in the literature. Social dominance orientation (SDO), a theoretical construct, typically focusing on intergroup perceptions and relations, is one aspect that has been left unexplored and might prove particularly enlightening. The present study investigated SDO among 119 deaf and 49 hearing young adults through a standardized SDO questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573912/dissecting-and-customising-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-advisory-council-copac-the-development-and-application-of-a-community-engagement-framework-to-improve-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-populations
#20
A M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Migrant communities in Australia bear a disproportionate childhood obesity burden. They also show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives which may contribute to widening obesity disparities. Community engagement has been shown to be effective in reducing health disparities by improving migrant communities' participation in prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrants...
2017: Global Health Action
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