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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099445/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-migrant-women-and-duration-of-residence-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Syed M Shah, Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, Faisal Aziz, Iffat ElBarazi, Salma Al Dhaheri, M Hamed Farooqi, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the highest in United Arab Emirates (UAE), however data for the expatriate population is limited. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of T2DM amongst migrant women and test the hypothesis that acculturation (measured by years of residency) is associated with an increased risk of T2DM. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study and we recruited a representative sample (n = 599, 75% participation rate) of migrant women aged 18 years and over in Al Ain, UAE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098504/effects-of-culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-on-cardiovascular-disease-risks-for-middle-aged-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#2
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Jung Hee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to a ST walking program enhanced (Enhanced Treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings and the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081032/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-influencing-ethnic-minority-women-s-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-from-intrapersonal-to-policy-level
#3
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer can be prevented by effective screening using Papanicolaou tests, but the utilization rate is lower among ethnic minorities than in the general population. Understanding the factors influencing minorities' use of such screening can aid the design of an appropriate intervention to increase their uptake rate. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the factors that influence ethnic minority women in using cervical cancer screening and the similarities and differences in associated factors across different groups and to explore the interrelationships between the factors identified...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074291/unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-germany-attitudes-of-the-general-population-towards-a-vulnerable-group
#4
Paul L Plener, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Elmar Brähler, Thorsten Sukale, Jörg M Fegert
Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample (n = 2524) of the German population (ages 14 years or older) between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM...
January 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073331/the-specificity-principle-in-acculturation-science
#5
Marc H Bornstein
The specificity principle in acculturation science asserts that specific setting conditions of specific people at specific times moderate specific domains in acculturation by specific processes. Our understanding of acculturation depends critically on what is studied where, in whom, how, and when. This article defines, explains, and illustrates the specificity principle in acculturation science. Research hypotheses about acculturation can be more adequately tested, inconsistencies and discrepancies in the acculturation literature can be satisfactorily resolved, acculturation interventions can be tailored to be more successful, and acculturation policies can be brought to new levels of effectiveness if the specificity principle that governs acculturation science is more widely recognized...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068121/substance-use-and-treatment-outcomes-among-spanish-speaking-latino-as-from-four-acculturation-types
#7
Kelly Serafini, Dennis C Wendt, India J Ornelas, Suzanne R Doyle, Dennis M Donovan
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of acculturation with substance use treatment outcomes in a sample of treatment-seeking Latino/as (N = 405). The study used data from a multisite randomized controlled trial of a culturally adapted version of Motivational Enhancement Therapy delivered in Spanish. Berry, Kim, Minde, and Mok's (1987) acculturation model was used to divide the sample into 4 types (integrated, assimilated, separated, marginalized), based on Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire scores...
January 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#8
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062923/cardiovascular-disease-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-latinos-in-the-united-states
#9
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among Latinos and disproportionately impacts people with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between CVD and psychiatric disorders among different Latino subgroups using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Latinos participants (N = 6359) were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A structured diagnostic interview was used to determine psychiatric diagnoses for any past-year mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
January 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057005/intragenerational-social-mobility-and-functional-somatic-symptoms-in-a-northern-swedish-context-analyses-of-diagonal-reference-models
#10
Frida Jonsson, Miguel San Sebastian, Anne Hammarström, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Research indicate that social class mobility could be potentially important for health, but whether this is due to the movement itself or a result of people having been integrated in different class contexts is, to date, difficult to infer. In addition, although several theories suggest that transitions between classes in the social hierarchy can be stressful experiences, few studies have empirically examined whether such movements may have health effects, over and above the implications of "being" in these classes...
January 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050689/examining-socio-cultural-and-neighborhood-factors-associated-with-trajectories-of-mexican-origin-mothers-education-related-involvement
#11
Sakshi Bhargava, Mayra Y Bámaca-Colbert, Dawn P Witherspoon, Eva M Pomerantz, Richard W Robins
Parental involvement in education is an important determinant of youth's academic success. Yet, there is limited knowledge on how Latino parents' education-related involvement changes over time. Using data from a longitudinal study of 674 Mexican-origin families (mother-adolescent dyad; M age of child at Wave 1=10.4, SD = 0.60), we examined trajectories of parental involvement from 5(th) to 11(th) grade and the effects of socio-cultural (e.g., family SES and acculturation) and contextual (e.g., neighborhood) factors on these trajectories...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045307/the-effects-of-economic-and-sociocultural-stressors-on-the-well-being-of-children-of-latino-immigrants-living-in-poverty
#12
Marina M Mendoza, Julia Dmitrieva, Krista M Perreira, Eliana Hurwich-Reiss, Sarah Enos Watamura
OBJECTIVE: This article explored whether preschoolers' physical (body mass index [BMI] and salivary cortisol levels) and psychological (internalizing/externalizing behaviors) well-being were predicted by economic hardship, as has been previously documented, and further, whether parental immigration-related stress and/or acculturation level moderated this relationship in low-income Latino families. METHOD: The sample for the current study included 71 children of Latino immigrants (M = 4...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036054/gendered-sources-of-distress-and-resilience-among-afghan-refugees-in-northern-california-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Carl Stempel, Nilofar Sami, Patrick Marius Koga, Qais Alemi, Valerie Smith, Aida Shirazi
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and mediates the influence of several sources of distress and resilience among 259 Afghan refugees residing in Northern California (USA). Gender moderated the effects of four factors on levels of distress...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#14
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
: Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032238/sociocultural-and-environmental-influences-on-brazilian-immigrant-mothers-beliefs-and-practices-related-to-child-feeding-and-weight-status
#15
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Maria H Hasselman, Marcia M T Machado, Raquel S Mezzavilla, Barbara M Detro
Background Length of residence in the United States (US), changes in dietary and physical activity behaviors, and economic and social barriers contribute to high childhood obesity rates among children from immigrant families in the US. Brazilians comprise a fast-growing immigrant population group in the US, yet little research has focused on health issues affecting Brazilian children in immigrant families. Understanding sociocultural and environmental influences on parents' beliefs and practices related to child feeding and weight status is essential to altering obesity trends in this group...
December 28, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027858/culture-and-diet-among-chinese-american-children-aged-9-13%C3%A2-years-a-qualitative-study
#16
Cassandra S Diep, Randall Leung, Debbe I Thompson, Beverly J Gor, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine Chinese American children's behaviors, food preferences, and cultural influences on their diet. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews using constructs from the proposed model of dietary acculturation. SETTING: Community centers and Chinese schools in Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five Chinese American children aged 9-13 years. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Diet, favorite restaurants, and parents' cooking and grocery shopping habits...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025756/the-longitudinal-relation-between-daily-hassles-and-depressive-symptoms-among-unaccompanied-refugees-in-norway
#17
Serap Keles, Thormod Idsøe, Oddgeir Friborg, Selcuk Sirin, Brit Oppedal
The aim of the present longitudinal study is to understand the longitudinal relation between depressive symptoms and daily hassles (i.e., general and acculturation hassles) in a high-risk population of unaccompanied refugees. We investigated the validity of three stress-mental health models: the stress exposure model, the stress generation model, and the reciprocal model. Data were collected from 918 unaccompanied refugees in Norway in three waves. Of the initial sample, the majority (82.1%) were male (M age = 19...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025594/a-longitudinal-study-of-cultural-adaptation-among-mexican-and-dominican-immigrant-women
#18
Esther J Calzada, Keng-Yen Huang, Maite Covas, Denise Ramirez, Laurie Miller Brotman
The present longitudinal study examined cultural adaptation (i.e., acculturation and enculturation) and its correlates in a sample of 189 Mexican and Dominican immigrant women. Acculturation and enculturation were measured within the domains of language competence, identity and cultural knowledge at two time points over a one-year period. Across groups and domains, cultural adaptation was generally stable over time; only American cultural knowledge showed change, and only for MA women. Several correlates of cultural adaptation were identified...
November 2016: Journal of International Migration and Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019654/drinking-alcohol-use-disorder-and-treatment-access-and-utilization-among-u-s-racial-ethnic-groups
#19
Patrice A C Vaeth, Meme Wang-Schweig, Raul Caetano
Data from approximately 140 articles and reports published since 2000 on drinking, alcohol use disorder (AUD), correlates of drinking and AUD, and treatment needs, access, and utilization were critically examined and summarized. Epidemiological evidence demonstrates alcohol-related disparities across U.S. racial/ethnic groups. American Indians/Alaska Natives generally drink more and are disproportionately affected by alcohol problems, having some of the highest rates for AUD. In contrast, Asian Americans are less affected...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010052/adolescents-at-risk-for-drug-abuse-a-3-year-dual-process-analysis
#20
S L Ames, B Xie, Y Shono, A W Stacy
AIMS: To test longitudinal additive and synergistic dual process models in youth at documented risk for drug use. The specific dual process approach examined suggests that engaging in drug use behaviors results from a dynamic interplay between automatically-activated associative memory processes and executive reflective/control processes. DESIGN: This 3-year, three-wave population-based prospective study used mobile computer-based assessments. SETTING: Self-directed computer assessments were completed in school settings in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, California, USA...
December 23, 2016: Addiction
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