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Carla L Dellaserra, Noe C Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, Sonia Vega-López
BACKGROUND: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. METHODS: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Ranjita Misra, Padmini Balagopal, Sudha Raj, Thakor G Patel
Research studies have shown that plant-based diets confer cardiovascular and metabolic health benefits. Asian Indians (AIs) in the US (who have often followed plant-based diets) have elevated risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity suggesting ethnic vulnerability that imply genetic and/or lifestyle causative links. This study explored the association between this ethnic group and diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome after controlling for demographics, acculturation, family history of diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
Astri Syse, Minja T Dzamarija, Bernadette N Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of mortality differentials in immigrant groups depending on their reason for migration, length of stay in host countries and characteristics of sending countries may be beneficial for policy interventions aimed to improve various immigrant groups' health and welfare. METHODS: We employed discrete-time hazard regression models with time-varying covariates to compare the death risk of immigrants to those of Norwegian-born natives using linked register data on the Norwegian population aged 25-79 during 1990-2015...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Jing Yu, Charissa S L Cheah, Craig H Hart, Chongming Yang
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American mothers and children (N = 163, Mage = 4.56, 53% boys). Mothers reported on their parenting practices at both Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) and their cultural orientations and children's inhibitory control at W1...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Psychology
T L Finlayson, P Asgari, E Dougherty, B K Tadese, N Stamm, A Nunez-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between child, caregiver, and family-level factors and child dental utilization. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional oral health survey. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers and one study child (ages 0-17) from Mexican migrant families in northern San Diego county, CA (n=142). METHODS: Caregivers reported on child's dental care utilization history and related factors, including: child (age, gender, dental insurance, source of care, believed to have cavities), caregiver (marital status, income, education, acculturation level, depressive symptoms), and family cohesion...
April 12, 2018: Community Dental Health
Haejin In, Marisa Langdon-Embry, Lauren Gordon, Clyde B Schechter, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Philip E Castle, M Margaret Kemeny, Bruce D Rapkin
BACKGROUND: A questionnaire that distinguishes how variability in gastric cancer prevalence is associated with ethnicity/birth country/immigration/cultural diet along with known risk factors may improve targeting populations for gastric cancer screening in the United States. METHODS: Existing literature was used to identify the item pool. Cluster analysis, focus groups, and cognitive interviewing were used to reduce collinear items and refine the questionnaire...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Rosanne Blanchet, Constance P Nana, Dia Sanou, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
The study explores the dietary acculturation process among first-generation immigrant families from sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean living in Ottawa (Canada). In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 mothers. The interaction between accelerating factors and other mediating factors resulted in a spiral of dietary changes triggered by immigration. The spiral evolved at different paces from traditional to acculturated and toward healthy or unhealthy diets and was hard to stop or to change in its direction once it started...
April 4, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Rosalba Hernandez, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Lissette M Piedra, Karen M Tabb, Shuo Xu, Catherine Sarkisian
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prospective effects of an evidence-based exercise intervention on depressive symptoms in older Hispanics/Latinos and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining component to counter negative ascriptions to the aging process. METHOD: We analyzed baseline, 1-, 12-, 24-month data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥ 60 years participating in an exercise intervention ("¡Caminemos!") across 27 senior centers (N = 572)...
April 2, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Lisa M Najavits, Justin Enggasser, Deborah Brief, Edward Federman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) has increased among women, including military veterans, yet SUD treatment was historically designed for males. This randomized controlled trial compared 12 individual sessions of a gender-focused SUD recovery model, A Woman's Path to Recovery (WPR) to an evidence-based, non-gender-focused SUD model, 12-Step Facilitation (TSF) for 66 women veterans with current severe SUD. METHODS: The primary outcome was substance use; secondary outcomes were associated problems (e...
April 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Elsa F Ronningstam, Shian-Ling Keng, Maria Elena Ridolfi, Mohammad Arbabi, Brin F S Grenyer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses cultural trends, challenges, and approaches to assessment and treatment of personality traits and disorders. Specific focus include current developments in the Asian, Italian, Iranian, and Australian societies, as well as the process of acculturation, following moves between cultures with the impact on healthy and disordered personality function. RECENT FINDINGS: Each culture with its specific history, dimensions, values, and practices influences and gears the individual and family or group in unique ways that affect personality functioning...
March 26, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
Angela U Sy, Eunjung Lim, Lana Sue Ka'opua, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Yumiko Kinoshita, Susan L Stewart
BACKGROUND: Asian American (AA) ethnic subgroups are diverse in socio-economic status, years in the United States, English proficiency, and cultures with different health seeking behaviors and health care access. Fifty-two percent of AAs age ≥50 years had colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) in 2013, compared with 61% of non-Hispanic whites. We hypothesized that CRCS prevalence among AA ethnicities is heterogeneous and that the reasons related to CRCS among AA subgroups are associated with demographic characteristics, acculturation, health care access, and health attitudes...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Arnab Mukherjea, Mary V Modayil, Elisa K Tong
BACKGROUND: Asian Indians (AIs) in the United States exhibit disproportionate burdens of oral cancer and cardiovascular disease, which are potentially linked to smokeless tobacco. However, little is known about the use of cultural smokeless tobacco (CST) products in this population. METHODS: California Asian Indian Tobacco Use Survey data from 2004 (n = 1618) were used to investigate CST prevalence among California's AIs. CST products included paan, paan masala, and gutka...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Lei-Chun Fung, Kim H Nguyen, Susan L Stewart, Moon S Chen, Elisa K Tong
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the leading cause of death for Asian Americans. The authors evaluated the status of cancer prevention for Chinese Americans in San Francisco, which has had years of cancer prevention efforts. METHODS: Through a community-based clinic serving Chinese Americans, a randomized, controlled trial (n = 395) was conducted among participants who attended either a cancer prevention seminar or biospecimen education seminar. Changes in knowledge, attitudes, and screening completion/intent were measured across and between seminar groups...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Hyojin Im
Refugee communities face numerous health and mental health concerns both during and after resettlement. Health issues, already deteriorated by chronic poverty, malnutrition and poor living conditions, are exacerbated by acculturative challenges, such as cultural and language barriers, stigma, and lack of resources and information. Since such needs in refugee communities affect both individual and collective capacity, it is important to consider policy environment and socioecological contexts for cultural adjustment and community resources for navigating systems, rather than individual health behaviours and communication skills only...
March 23, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Yen Le, Zan Gao, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Zachary Pope, Ruocheng Dong, Laura Allen, Mei-Wei Chang, Judy Huei-Yu Wang
Chinese American breast cancer survivors' adherence to recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines has been understudied. This study investigated their PA adherence by acculturation level (vs. non-Hispanic White (NHW) survivors). One hundred ninety five Chinese and 202 NHW breast cancer survivors (stage 0-III) responded to a cross-sectional survey including a self-reported PA questionnaire. PA adherence referred to meeting PA recommendations for cancer survivors. Acculturation among Chinese was defined by proxies of U...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Dejun Su, Hongmei Wang, Tzeyu Michaud, Drissa Toure, Kandy Do, Hyo Jung Tak
This study assessed the association between acculturation and unmet health needs among refugees. Based on data from the Refugee Health Needs Assessment Survey (n = 291) recently conducted in Omaha, Nebraska, Chi square tests and multivariate logistic regressions were estimated to examine how acculturation among refugees was related to their unmet health needs. Relative to refugees who had been in the U.S. for less than 3 years, refugees who had been in the U.S. for 3-5 years were more likely to report lack of health insurance coverage (AOR 2...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Krista M Perreira, Ashley N Marchante, Seth J Schwartz, Carmen R Isasi, Mercedes R Carnethon, Heather L Corliss, Robert C Kaplan, Daniel A Santisteban, Denise C Vidot, Linda Van Horn, Alan M Delamater
This study examined associations of immigrant generation, acculturation, and sources of stress and resilience with four outcomes-depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms, alcohol susceptibility, and smoking susceptibility. We used data from 1466 youth (ages 8-16) enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth), a probability sample of Hispanic/Latino youth living in Chicago (IL), Miami (FL), Bronx (NY), and San Diego (CA). We found no evidence of an immigrant paradox. Greater children's acculturative stress was associated with depression/anxiety symptoms; greater parent's acculturative stress was associated with smoking susceptibility...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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