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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818064/association-between-migration-and-cognitive-status-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
Hanzhang Xu, Yinan Zhang, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to synthesize the current literature examining the association between migration and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: We used the PRISMA as a guideline for this systematic review and searched the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Global Health. RESULTS: Twenty-five published studies were included. Twenty-two studies were focused on international migrants, while only 3 studied internal migrants...
August 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816639/posttraumatic-growth-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-associations-with-ethnicity-acculturation-and-religious-service-attendance
#2
Jessica Tobin, Jon-Patrick Allem, Rhona Slaughter, Jennifer B Unger, Ann S Hamilton, Joel E Milam, Jessica Tobin
This study assessed the association between ethnicity, religious service attendance (RSA), and acculturation with posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a diverse sample of 235 childhood cancer survivors (CCS). PTG scores were estimated for each ethnicity, and by level of RSA and acculturation. There was a significant curvilinear relationship (inverted U) between RSA and PTG, such that moderate levels of RSA were associated with highest PTG scores. Hispanics reported the highest PTG, and both Hispanic and Anglo cultural orientation were significantly positively associated with PTG...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816589/acculturation-influences-postpartum-eating-activity-and-weight-retention-in-low-income-hispanic-women
#3
Chantel L Martin, Deborah F Tate, Andrew Schaffner, Anna Brannen, Karen Erickson Hatley, Molly Diamond, Karen Munoz-Christian, Jeremy Pomeroy, Teresa Sanchez, Adrian Mercado, Todd Hagobian, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Low-income Hispanic women experience elevated rates of high postpartum weight retention (PPWR), which is an independent risk factor for lifetime obesity. Sociocultural factors might play an important role among Hispanic women; however, very few studies have examined this association. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the associations between acculturation and maternal diet, physical activity, and PPWR. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study of baseline data from 282 Hispanic women participating in the FitMoms/Mamás Activas study, a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of primarily an internet-based weight control program, in reducing PPWR among low-income women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815873/critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-tb-treatment-in-immigrant-populations
#4
REVIEW
Stephanie Lin, G J Melendez-Torres
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review qualitative literature of TB treatment experiences on immigrant populations of low-prevalence countries. METHODS: Critical Interpretive Synthesis (CIS). On October 23, 2013, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO and ProQuest were systematically searched. Grey literature and reference lists were hand-searched. Initial papers included were restricted to studies of immigrant patient perspectives; after a model was developed, a second set of papers was included to test the emerging theory...
August 17, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815105/extracting-country-of-origin-from-electronic-health-records-for-gene-environment-studies-as-part-of-the-epidemiologic-architecture-for-genes-linked-to-environment-eagle-study
#5
Eric Farber-Eger, Robert Goodloe, Jonathan Boston, William S Bush, Dana C Crawford
We describe here the extraction of country-of-origin, an acculturation variable relevant for gene-environment studies, in a biorepository linked to de-identified electronic health records (EHRs) assessed by the Epidemiologic Architecture for Genes Linked to Environment (EAGLE), a study site of the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) I study. We extracted country-of-origin from the unstructured clinical free text using regular expressions within the MySQL relational database system in a cohort of 15,863 subjects of mostly non-European descent (including 11,519 African Americans, 1,702 Hispanics, and 1,118 Asians)...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813335/cultural-sport-psychology-a-critical-review-of-empirical-advances
#6
REVIEW
Tatiana V Ryba
Despite a long standing assertion that sociocultural domain is one of the factors constituting human psychological phenomena, sport psychological science has only recently begun to examine culture as the principal basis of physical activity and sport participants' behaviour, wellbeing, engagement, and performance outcomes. Emphasizing the centrality of culture in bringing meaning to athlete careers and life projects, I summarise empirical literature explicitly positioned within cultural sport psychology (CSP)...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813327/recent-developments-in-understanding-ethnocultural-and-race-differences-in-trauma-exposure-and-ptsd
#7
REVIEW
Anu Asnaani, Brittany Hall-Clark
Our understanding of demographic specifications that put certain individuals at greater risk for trauma exposure and subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has grown significantly over the past few decades. This brief review specifically examines the studies exploring the potential influence of ethnocultural and racial group status on trauma exposure and PTSD, with a focus on findings published recently in the past five years. We first provide a brief review of current epidemiological data examining associations among ethnicity/culture/race and trauma exposure/PTSD...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813265/parenting-and-globalization-in-western-countries-explaining-differences-in-parent-child-interactions
#8
REVIEW
Mariëlle Jl Prevoo, Catherine S Tamis-LeMonda
We review research on intra-cultural differences in parenting, and the sources of those differences. Ethnic-minority parents differ from majority parents in parenting values, childrearing goals and resources-differences that affect parenting practices and children's development. Within-country comparisons indicate less sensitivity, more authoritarian discipline, less child-focused communications, and less engagement in learning activities in ethnic-minority compared to ethnic-majority parents, which help account for disparities in children...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813262/parenting-in-acculturation-two-contemporary-research-designs-and-what-they-tell-us
#9
REVIEW
Marc H Bornstein
Massive population transfers are common today. To understand how immigrants negotiate variation and adjustment as they settle in a new culture, researchers have explored acculturation, the changes that individuals and groups undergo as a result of contact with a culture not their own. Parents have crucial roles to play in acculturation. Parenting is instantiated in cognitions and practices, and cognitions and practices of parents are multifaceted and influenced by many factors, including parents' own individual characteristics, their children, and their cultural experiences...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812377/a-cross-sectional-study-of-coping-resources-and-mental-health-of-chinese-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
Man Guo, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the potential influence of coping resources at individual (sense of mastery), family (spousal and family support, children's filial piety), and community levels (community cohesion) on the mental health (depression, anxiety) of U.S. Chinese older adults. METHODS: The data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N= 3,159). Negative binomial regressions were performed to predict depression and anxiety, respectively, by entering the three sets of coping resources separately and jointly, controlling for socio-demographic and acculturation variables...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#11
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810367/culturally-based-health-assumptions-in-sub-saharan-african-immigrants-body-mass-index-predicting-self-reported-health-status
#12
Arlette J Ngoubene-Atioky, Claudette Williamson-Taylor
This study examined whether Sub-Saharan African adult immigrants maintained cultural preferences for curvier/higher body size post-migration to the United States. Linear and multiple regression analyses were utilized to discern the predicting effects of Sub-Saharan African immigrants' body mass index score on their self-reported health status at two post-migration data collection points. The initial assessment reveals that Sub-Saharan African immigrants' overweight body mass index score predicted better self-reported health status...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801942/cancer-risk-in-different-generations-of-middle-eastern-immigrants-to-california-1988-2013
#13
Clara Ziadeh, Argyrios Ziogas, Hoda Anton-Culver
The objective of this study is to compare cancer risk among different generations of Middle Eastern (ME) immigrants and Non-Hispanic Whites (NHW) in California between 1988 and 2013. We used data from the California Cancer Registry to identify invasive primary incident cancer cases in three population groups: a) first generation ME immigrants, b) second or subsequent generations ME immigrants, and c) NHW. Proportional Incidence Ratio (PIR) was used to compare cancer risk of the 15 selected most common cancers in the 3 population groups taking into consideration time since immigration for first generation ME immigrants...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800097/why-do-people-like-loud-sound-a-qualitative-study
#14
David Welch, Guy Fremaux
Many people choose to expose themselves to potentially dangerous sounds such as loud music, either via speakers, personal audio systems, or at clubs. The Conditioning, Adaptation and Acculturation to Loud Music (CAALM) Model has proposed a theoretical basis for this behaviour. To compare the model to data, we interviewed a group of people who were either regular nightclub-goers or who controlled the sound levels in nightclubs (bar managers, musicians, DJs, and sound engineers) about loud sound. Results showed four main themes relating to the enjoyment of loud sound: arousal/excitement, facilitation of socialisation, masking of both external sound and unwanted thoughts, and an emphasis and enhancement of personal identity...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798506/the-relationship-between-acculturation-ecodevelopment-and-substance-use-among-hispanic-adolescents
#15
Marcos J Martinez, Shi Huang, Yannine Estrada, Madeline Y Sutton, Guillermo Prado
Using structural equation modeling, we examined the relationship of Hispanicism on recent substance use and whether Americanism moderated the effect in a sample of 1,141 Hispanic adolescents. The Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire (BIQ) was used to determine the degree of individual comfort in both Hispanic (Hispanicism) and American (Americanism) cultures. Hispanicism was associated with greater family functioning (β = 0.36, p < .05) and school bonding (β = 0.31, p < .01); Americanism moderated the effect of Hispanicism on substance use (β = 0...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793378/the-intersection-of-culture-in-the-provision-of-dementia-care-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Joanne Brooke, Camille Cronin, Marlon Stiell, Omorogieva Ojo
AIM: To understand the intersection of healthcare professionals' and care workers' culture and their provision of person-centred care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Due to the nature of global immigration and recruitment strategies, healthcare is provided by a culturally diverse workforce. Consequently, there is a need to understand healthcare professionals' and care workers' cultural values of illness, disease and dementia. Cultural values and beliefs regarding dementia and care of the older person differ, and currently there is a lack of clarity regarding the intersection of culture in the provision of person-centred dementia care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789757/unidimensional-and-bidimensional-approaches-to-measuring-acculturation
#17
Cha-Nam Shin, Michael Todd, Kyungeh An, Wonsun Sunny Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Researchers easily overlook the complexity of acculturation measurement in research. This study is to elaborate the shortcomings of unidimensional approaches to conceptualizing acculturation and highlight the importance of using bidimensional approaches in health research. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis on acculturation measures and eating habits obtained from 261 Korean American adults in a Midwestern city. RESULTS: Bidimensional approaches better conceptualized acculturation and explained more of the variance in eating habits than did unidimensional approaches...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789667/factors-associated-with-the-support-of-pricking-female-genital-cutting-type-iv-among-somali-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#18
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765082/is-there-a-relationship-between-accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-and-cognitive-function-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#19
Elizabeth Vásquez, Garrett Strizich, Carmen R Isasi, Sandra E Echeverria, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Kelly R Evenson, Marc D Gellman, Priya Palta, Qibin Qi, Melissa Lamar, Wassim Tarraf, Hector M González, Robert Kaplan
Normative changes in cognitive function are expected with increasing age. Research on the relationship between normative cognitive decline and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SED) needs further investigation in Hispanic/Latinos adults. We assessed the cross-sectional association between accelerometer assessed MVPA and SED with cognitive function in 7,478 adults aged 45-74years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. At baseline, cognitive tests included two executive function tests (Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), a test of language (Word Fluency), and a test of memory (Spanish English Verbal Learning Test)...
July 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757642/mexican-origin-male-perspectives-of-diet-related-behaviors-associated-with-weight-management
#20
L A Valdez, A Amezquita, S P Hooker, D O Garcia
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of obesity and related diseases are quickly reaching epidemic proportions among Hispanic males in the United States. Hispanic males suffer from the highest prevalence of obesity-related diseases when compared to all other racial/ethnic groups. Despite evidence showing that weight loss can significantly reduce the risk of obesity-related health implications, literature informing best practices to engage Hispanic males in weight management programs is scarce...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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