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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454258/the-role-of-dissociation-in-revictimization-across-the-lifespan-a-32-year-prospective-study
#1
Osnat Zamir, Ohad Szepsenwol, Michelle M Englund, Jeffry A Simpson
Exposure to childhood abuse puts women at risk for revictimization in adult intimate relationships, but knowledge about the mechanism by which it occurs is limited. The present study investigated whether dissociation mediates the effect of exposure to physical or sexual child abuse on intimate partner violence in adulthood. We tested this using prospective data collected from birth to age 32 from 80 female participants in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. We found that women who experienced sexual or physical abuse during the first 17...
February 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454168/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-pubertal-hormones-in-human-hair-across-development
#2
Andrew D Grotzinger, Daniel A Briley, Laura E Engelhardt, Frank D Mann, Megan W Patterson, Jennifer L Tackett, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, K Paige Harden
Puberty is a complex biopsychosocial process that can affect an array of psychiatric and medical disorders emerging in adolescence. Although the pubertal process is driven by neuroendocrine changes, few quantitative genetic studies have directly measured puberty-relevant hormones. Hair samples can now be assayed for accumulation of hormones over several months. In contrast to more conventional salivary measures, hair measures are not confounded by diurnal variation or hormonal reactivity. In an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 1286 child and adolescent twins and multiples from 672 unique families, we estimated genetic and environmental influences on hair concentrations of testosterone, DHEA, and progesterone across the period of 8-18 years of age...
February 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453708/exploring-the-effectiveness-of-a-peer-mediated-model-of-the-peers-curriculum-a-pilot-randomized-control-trial
#3
Nicole L Matthews, Beatriz C Orr, Katrina Warriner, Mary DeCarlo, Mia Sorensen, Jessica Laflin, Christopher J Smith
This study compared immediate and 4-month outcomes among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder randomly assigned to the PEERS curriculum (n = 10), a peer mediated PEERS curriculum (n = 12), or a delayed treatment control group (n = 12). Findings suggest a modest advantage in social skills knowledge and social functioning for participants in the peer-mediated PEERS curriculum relative to Traditional PEERS, and gains in social skills knowledge, social functioning, and reductions in loneliness were maintained in one or both treatment groups at a 4-month follow-up...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453587/trimorphic-extreme-clubfoot-deformities-and-their-management-by-triple-surgical-skin-expanders-dolar-dolarz-and-dolarz-e-evidence-based-mega-corrections-without-arthrodesis
#4
Rattan L Mittal
AIM/PURPOSE: Extreme congenital club foot deformities are common in developing countries, presenting at birth, persisting in children, adolescents and adults; as untreated/under-corrected by conservative and/or surgical means. Scores of confusing names exist in literature for such deformities with no good treatment available; mostly advocating unacceptable arthrodesis. The author researched this grey area for more than 40 years and successfully innovated improved surgical corrections, more acceptable to patients...
February 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453304/protocol-investigating-the-clinical-utility-of-an-objective-measure-of-attention-impulsivity-and-activity-qbtest-for-optimising-medication-management-in-children-and-young-people-with-adhd-qbtest-utility-for-optimising-treatment-in-adhd-quota-a-feasibility
#5
Charlotte L Hall, Marilyn James, Sue Brown, Jennifer L Martin, Nikki Brown, Kim Selby, Julie Clarke, Hena Vijayan, Boliang Guo, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J Groom
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. To improve outcomes, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ADHD guidelines recommend regular monitoring of symptoms when children commence medication. However, research suggests that routine monitoring rarely happens, and clinicians often rely on subjective information such as reports from parents and teachers to ascertain improvement...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453300/school-based-lifestyle-education-involving-parents-for-reducing-subjective-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-japanese-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Junko Watanabe, Mariko Watanabe, Kazue Yamaoka, Misa Adachi, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Severe subjective psychosomatic symptoms (SPS) in adolescents are a major public health concern, and lifestyle modification interventions for reducing SPS are important topics. Recently, we developed a school-based lifestyle education involving parents for reducing SPS of adolescents (SPRAT), an improved version of the programme from our previous study Programme for adolescent of lifestyle education in Kumamoto (PADOK). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of SPRAT in reducing SPS among adolescents...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453130/charting-the-development-of-cognitive-mapping
#7
Alina Nazareth, Steven M Weisberg, Katherine Margulis, Nora S Newcombe
Developmental research beginning in the 1970s has suggested that children's ability to form cognitive maps reaches adult levels during early adolescence. However, this research has used a variety of testing procedures, often in real-world environments, which have been difficult to share widely across labs and to use to probe components of mapping, individual differences in success, and possible mechanisms of development and reasons for individual variation. In this study, we charted the development of cognitive mapping using a virtual navigation paradigm, Silcton, that allows for testing samples of substantial size in a uniform way and in which adults show marked individual differences in the formation of accurate route representations and/or in route integration...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452750/-consequences-of-chronic-pain-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#8
Rocío Cáceres-Matos, Eugenia Gil-García, Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Esther Molina, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine and map the consequences of chronic pain in children and adolescents. METHOD: A scoping review was carried out in the international databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, WOS and CINAHL, Cochrane Library) and gray literature. We included documents that addressed psychosocial aspects that influence chronic pain, published in English between 2010 and 2016. We excluded the documents that dealt with pharmacological treatments, chronic pain derived from surgical interventions or where there was no access to full text...
February 13, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452597/evidence-of-reduced-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-infected-paediatric-and-adolescent-populations-in-nairobi-at-the-onset-of-the-unaids-universal-test-and-treat-program
#9
Joseph Kabogo, Erastus Muniu, Fred Wamunyokoli, Rachel Musoke, Elijah Songok
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO) "Universal Test and Treat" (UTT) policy, initiated in Kenya in September 2016. Under this policy, every human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected person should be initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART). We compared intra- and inter-group viral suppression and ART adherence rates for pre-UTT (initiated on ART in March-August 2016) and UTT groups (initiated in September 2016)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452416/early-and-midlife-predictors-of-wisdom-and-subjective-well-being-in-old-age
#10
Monika Ardelt, Kathryn R Gerlach, George E Vaillant
Objectives: We explored whether wisdom and well-being in old age are the result of early personality traits related to personality growth or personality adjustment, respectively, or successful human development as outlined by Erikson's stage theory and the life course paradigm. Method: Structural equation models were applied to analyze 60-year longitudinal data of 98 white male Harvard graduates born between 1915 and 1924. Different sets of judges rated the men's childhood and adolescence, early adult personality, and midlife generativity...
February 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452067/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-individuals-a-secondary-analysis-of-nhanes-2013-2014
#11
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452059/new-zealand-adolescents-concerns-about-their-alcohol-use-and-access-to-services-associations-with-ethnicity-and-other-factors
#12
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451452/epidemiology-of-spinal-injury-in-childhood-and-adolescence-in-the-united-states-1997-2012
#13
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451021/the-uva-padova-type-1-diabetes-simulator-goes-from-single-meal-to-single-day
#14
Roberto Visentin, Enrique Campos-Náñez, Michele Schiavon, Dayu Lv, Martina Vettoretti, Marc Breton, Boris P Kovatchev, Chiara Dalla Man, Claudio Cobelli
BACKGROUND: A new version of the UVA/Padova Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) Simulator is presented which provides a more realistic testing scenario. The upgrades to the previous simulator, which was accepted by the Food and Drug Administration in 2013, are described. METHOD: Intraday variability of insulin sensitivity (S I ) has been modeled, based on clinical T1D data, accounting for both intra- and intersubject variability of daily S I . Thus, time-varying distributions of both subject's basal insulin infusion and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio were calculated and made available to the user...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450465/pediatric-inspired-treatment-regimens-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-review
#15
Stuart E Siegel, Wendy Stock, Rebecca H Johnson, Anjali Advani, Lori Muffly, Dan Douer, Damon Reed, Mark Lewis, David R Freyer, Bijal Shah, Selina Luger, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, Jerry J Jaboin, Peter F Coccia, Daniel J DeAngelo, Nita Seibel, Archie Bleyer
Importance: The incidence of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients (age range, 15-39 years) in the United States is increasing at a greater rate than in younger or older persons. Their optimal treatment has been increasingly debated as pediatric regimens have become more widely used in the age group. This review compares the basic features of pediatric and adult chemotherapy regimens for ALL and LBL, recognizes and describes the challenges of the pediatric regimen, and suggests strategies to facilitate its adoption for AYAs with ALL and LBL...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450238/the-direct-and-indirect-effect-of-loneliness-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Michael T McKay, Svenja Konowalczyk, James R Andretta, Jon C Cole
Alcohol use among adolescents in the United Kingdom (UK) remains relatively high compared to those in other European countries. The present study sought to examine both the direct and indirect effect of loneliness on drinking behavior. Participants were school children (mean age 13.5 years at Time 1) participating in a Randomized Controlled Trial in the UK, who completed a battery of questionnaires examining alcohol-use indicators, loneliness, self-efficacy and sensation seeking at Time 1 and at +12 months...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449909/alterations-in-the-inferior-longitudinal-fasciculus-in-autism-and-associations-with-visual-processing-a-diffusion-weighted-mri-study
#17
Bart Boets, Lien Van Eylen, Kevin Sitek, Pieter Moors, Ilse Noens, Jean Steyaert, Stefan Sunaert, Johan Wagemans
Background: One of the most reported neural features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the alteration of multiple long-range white matter fiber tracts, as assessed by diffusion-weighted imaging and indexed by reduced fractional anisotropy (FA). Recent methodological advances, however, have shown that this same pattern of reduced FA may be an artifact resulting from excessive head motion and poorer data quality and that aberrant structural connectivity in children with ASD is confined to the right inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF)...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449820/headache-and-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-what-is-the-connection
#18
REVIEW
Giulia Natalucci, Noemi Faedda, Dario Calderoni, Rita Cerutti, Paola Verdecchia, Vincenzo Guidetti
Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints in children and adolescents and comorbidity rates are very high and the major associated diseases are depression, anxiety, atopic disorders, sleep, and behavioral disorders. In recent years, it has been highlighted that difficulties regulating emotions such as alexithymia have also been associated with diagnosis of somatization. Methods: We carried out a mini review analyzing the relation between alexithymia and primary headache (e.g., migraine and tension type headache) in children and adolescents by synthesizing the relevant studies in the literature on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449568/binge-alcohol-exposure-causes-neurobehavioral-deficits-and-gsk3%C3%AE-activation-in-the-hippocampus-of-adolescent-rats
#19
Zhe Ji, Lin Yuan, Xiong Lu, Hanqing Ding, Jia Luo, Zun-Ji Ke
Heavy alcohol exposure causes profound damage to the adolescent brain, particularly the hippocampus, which underlie some behavioral deficits. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain inconclusive. The current study sought to determine whether binge alcohol exposure affects the hippocampus-related behaviors and key signaling proteins that may mediate alcohol neurotoxicity in adolescent rats. Alcohol exposure reduced the number of both NeuN-positive and doublecortin-positive cells in the hippocampus...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#20
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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