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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923183/the-distal-consequences-of-physical-and-emotional-neglect-in-emerging-adults-a-person-centered-multi-wave-longitudinal-study
#1
Joseph R Cohen, Suvarna V Menon, Ryan C Shorey, Vi Donna Le, Jeff R Temple
Despite being the most prevalent form of child maltreatment, the correlates and consequences of neglect are poorly understood, particularly during early adulthood. The present multi-wave, longitudinal study sought to address this gap in this literature by examining physical and emotional neglect in emerging adults in a diverse community sample. 580 adolescents (AgeMean=18.25; AgeSD=0.59; 58.3% female; 31% Hispanic, 28.9% Caucasian; 26.2% African-American; 13.9% other) completed self-report measures for child maltreatment at baseline, and measures for depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and substance use every year for three years...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923164/thinking-anxious-feeling-anxious-or-both-cognitive-bias-moderates-the-relationship-between-anxiety-disorder-status-and-sympathetic-arousal-in-youth
#2
Michelle Rozenman, Allison Vreeland, John Piacentini
Cognitive bias and physiological arousal are two putative markers that may underlie youth anxiety. However, data on relationships between cognitive bias and arousal are limited, and typically do not include behavioral measurement of these constructs in order to tap real-time processes. We aimed to examine the relationship between performance-based cognitive bias and sympathetic arousal during stress in clinically anxious and typically-developing youth. The sample included children and adolescents ages 9 to 17 (Mean age=13...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923160/adolescent-and-adult-mice-display-differential-sensitivity-to-the-effects-of-bupropion-on-the-acquisition-of-a-water-maze-task
#3
Carmen Gómez, Carmen Carrasco, Rosa Redolat
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is characterized by major neurobiological changes, and the effects of some psychoactive drugs seem to differ between adolescents and adults. Bupropion, an antidepressant that is also used to treat nicotine addiction, induces behavioral actions in both adolescent and adult rodents. However, the effects of this drug on spatial ability have not been compared in animals at different stages of their development. The present study was conducted to assess the effects of bupropion on spatial learning and memory in adolescent and adult mice...
October 12, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922343/daily-and-trait-rumination-diurnal-cortisol-patterns-in-adolescent-girls
#4
Lori M Hilt, Michael R Sladek, Leah D Doane, Catherine B Stroud
Rumination is a maladaptive form of emotion regulation associated with psychopathology. Research with adults suggests that rumination covaries with diurnal cortisol rhythms, yet this has not been examined among adolescents. Here, we examine the day-to-day covariation between rumination and cortisol, and explore whether trait rumination is associated with alterations in diurnal cortisol rhythms among adolescent girls. Participants (N = 122) provided saliva samples 3 times per day over 3 days, along with daily reports of stress and rumination, questionnaires assessing trait rumination related to peer stress, and diagnostic interviews assessing depression and anxiety...
December 6, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922241/an-unusual-case-of-neuroblastoma-a-17-year-old-adolescent-presented-with-bilateral-diffuse-lung-metastasis-at-initial-diagnosis
#5
Çağlar Ödek, Tanıl Kendirli, Esra Pekpak, Ayhan Yaman, Başak Adaklı-Aksoy, Handan Dinçaslan, Nurdan Taçyıldız, Emel Ünal, Erdal İnce, Gülsan Yavuz
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequently diagnosed neoplasm during infancy and its incidence declines within the first 3-5 years of life. It can be rarely diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Adolescents have advanced stage of disease, higher frequency of uncommon metastatic sites such as lungs, and worse outcomes. Herein, we describe an unusual case of NB in a 17-year-old adolescent presented with lung metastasis at diagnosis. The patient was diagnosed with stage IV NB. Thorax high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan revealed irregular septal thickening with ground glass opacity consistent with pulmonary parenchymal metastases...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#6
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921348/the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-scale-for-adolescents-cross-sample-validation-of-the-complete-and-brief-versions
#7
Paula Vagos, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Paul Gilbert
: This work presents psychometric analyses on the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale, which intends to evaluate the subjective perception of ones' early rearing experiences. Factor structure, measurement invariance, latent mean comparisons and validity in relation to external variables (i.e., forms of self-criticism/self-assurance, experiential avoidance and depressive, anxious and stress symptoms) were investigated. A sample of 1464 adolescents (52.3% male adolescents, mean age = 16...
December 6, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#8
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920626/evaluation-of-serum-vitamin-d-levels-in-adolescents-with-pubertal-gynecomastia
#9
Melis Pehlivantürk Kızılkan, Sinem Akgül, Filiz Akbıyık, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
BACKGROUND: Since vitamin D has an inhibitory function on ductal morphogenesis of the pubertal mammary gland, it may have a role in the development of gynecomastia. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the development of pubertal gynecomastia. METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) levels in 50 adolescents with pubertal gynecomastia and 54 healthy controls between the ages of 11 and 17 years were compared. RESULTS: Mean 25D level was 14...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920342/experimentally-induced-preterm-birth-in-sheep-following-a-clinical-course-of-antenatal-betamethasone-effects-on-growth-and-long-term-survival
#10
Vivian B Nguyen, Robert De Matteo, Richard Harding, Aneta Stefanidis, Graeme R Polglase, M Jane Black
Preterm births account for approximately 10% of births worldwide, with the majority (∼80%) being moderate preterm. Our aim was to determine the effects of moderate preterm birth on survival and long-term growth of male and female offspring using an ovine model of preterm birth that was preceded by a clinically relevant dose of corticosteroids. Ewes were induced to deliver preterm or at term; those assigned to deliver preterm were administered antenatal betamethasone (11.4 mg, 2 doses, 24 hours apart). The growth (body weight and body dimensions) of offspring was monitored to adulthood (62 weeks) when the animals were humanely killed for organ collection...
December 5, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919919/subjective-well-being-and-training-load-predict-in-season-injury-and-illness-risk-in-female-youth-soccer-players
#11
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson, Alison Brooks, Warren Dunn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of training load (TL) and well-being on injury and illness risk in youth soccer players. METHODS: Throughout a 20-week season, 75 female adolescent soccer players reported mood, fatigue, stress, soreness, sleep quality, sleep hours, TL, injuries and illnesses. Well-being measures were recorded from -3 (worst) to +3 (best). TL was expressed as daily, weekly and monthly, as well as an acute:chronic workload ratio (weekly divided by monthly)...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#12
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919738/long-term-ethanol-self-administration-induces-%C3%AE-fosb-in-male-and-female-adolescent-but-not-in-adult-wistar-rats
#13
Aranza Wille-Bille, Soledad de Olmos, Leonardo Marengo, Florencia Chiner, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi
Early-onset ethanol consumption predicts later development of alcohol use disorders. Age-related differences in reactivity to ethanol's effects may underlie this effect. Adolescent rats are more sensitive and less sensitive than adults to the appetitive and aversive behavioral effects of ethanol, respectively, and more sensitive to the neurotoxic effects of experimenter-administered binge doses of ethanol. However, less is known about age-related differences in the neural consequences of self-administered ethanol...
December 2, 2016: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919700/exposure-to-sevoflurane-anesthesia-during-development-does-not-impair-aspects-of-attention-during-adulthood-in-rats
#14
Kathy L Murphy, Jill McGaughy, Paula L Croxson, Mark G Baxter
Exposure to general anesthetic agents during development has been associated with neurotoxicity and long-term behavioral impairments in rodents and non-human primates. The phenotype of anesthetic-induced cognitive impairment has a robust learning and memory component, however less is known about other psychological domains. Data from retrospective human patient studies suggest that children undergoing multiple procedures requiring general anesthesia are at increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
December 2, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919651/computer-assisted-skip-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#15
Masashi Uehara, Jun Takahashi, Shugo Kuraishi, Masayuki Shimizu, Shota Ikegami, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Hiroki Oba, Hiroyuki Kato
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective single-center and single-surgeon study. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the clinical and radiological results of skip pedicle screw fixation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: At present, the generally used technique for pedicle screw fixation for the surgical correction of AIS entails inserting a pedicle screw into every segment on the corrective side and into every or every other segment on the supportive side...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#16
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#17
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919016/age-at-menarche-and-risk-of-developing-migraine-or-non-migraine-headaches-by-young-adulthood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Nasim Maleki, Tobias Kurth, Alison E Field
IMPORTANCE: Migraine is a highly prevalent and disabling primary headache disorder that is two to three times more prevalent in young women. Among females, there is a steep increase in incidence from puberty to young adulthood, but the mechanisms for the increase are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if age of menarche is a risk factor for developing migraine headache vs. non-migraine headache by young adulthood. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, The Growing Up Today Study (GUTS), of adolescents who have been followed since 1996, when they were nine, to 14 years of age...
November 8, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918951/subjective-alcohol-responses-in-a-cross-sectional-field-based-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-effects-of-age-drinking-level-and-dependence-consequences
#19
Hayley Treloar, Mark A Celio, Stephen A Lisman, Robert Miranda, Linda P Spear
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally different than adults in ways that may partially explain why alcohol misuse typically develops during this period. Ample animal-science evidence and nascent ecological evidence points toward developmentally limited differences in sensitivity to alcohol's stimulatory and sedative effects. Field-based research methods were used to test for such age-related differences in a sample of adolescents through young adults...
November 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918905/dental-age-estimation-of-children-and-adolescents-validation-of-the-maltese-reference-data-set
#20
Hani Alsaffar, Waleed Elshehawi, Graham Roberts, Victoria Lucas, Fraser McDonald, Simon Camilleri
The purpose of this study was to validate a Reference Data Set, developed from the radiographic archives of the Dental Department, Mater Dei Hospital, Malta, for Dental Age Estimation of the Maltese population and to assess the accuracy of the method. Dental Panoramic Tomograms of 100 male and 100 females were selected. Tooth Development Stages were recorded for all 16 permanent teeth on the left and both third molars on the right. Summary and percentile data were calculated for each Tooth Development Stage and the Dental Age of each subject estimated using the unweighted average method...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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