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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647791/premonitory-symptoms-of-migraine-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
REVIEW
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Premonitory symptoms in migraine; symptoms occurring before the onset of migraine pain or aura, are an increasingly recognised area of interest within headache research. It has been recently documented in the literature that these symptoms also occur in children and adolescents, with a comparable phenotype to adults. This review discusses the wide presentation of premonitory symptoms in migraine in children and adolescents, and the importance of understanding how these early symptoms are mediated in order to ensure that targeted abortive therapies are developed in the future...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#2
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647059/-silhouettes-at-different-age-of-life-retrospective-appreciation-of-corpulence-and-his-impact-on-prevalence-of-hypertension-at-60years
#3
F Thomas, J P Empana, M A Charles, P Boutouyrie, X Jouven, B Pannier, N Danchin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In epidemiological studies, recall of weight and height are not readily available at different ages of life. In order to improve the knowledge of the weight history, Sörensen et al. in 1983, developed a tool from silhouettes allowing an individual to evaluate his corpulence at different ages of life. Validity studies showed that measured weight and size were correlated to 80% in the reported silhouette. Studies have also shown that silhouettes are a good way to trace the weight history in an individual's life...
June 21, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647021/reprint-of-minimizing-noise-in-pediatric-task-based-functional-mri-adolescents-with-developmental-disabilities-and-typical-development
#4
Catherine Fassbender, Prerona Mukherjee, Julie B Schweitzer
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) represents a powerful tool with which to examine brain functioning and development in typically developing pediatric groups as well as children and adolescents with clinical disorders. However, fMRI data can be highly susceptible to misinterpretation due to the effects of excessive levels of noise, often related to head motion. Imaging children, especially with developmental disorders, requires extra considerations related to hyperactivity, anxiety and the ability to perform and maintain attention to the fMRI paradigm...
July 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647008/trajectories-of-neighborhood-cohesion-in-childhood-and-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-at-age-13-and-18-years
#5
Francesca Solmi, Ian Colman, Murray Weeks, Glyn Lewis, James B Kirkbride
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse social environments has been associated with psychotic and depressive symptoms in adolescence in cross-sectional studies, but the longitudinal relation is unclear. This study examined whether longitudinal trajectories of exposure to adverse social environments across childhood are associated with psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence. METHOD: Data on participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used to estimate longitudinal trajectories of childhood exposure to neighborhood cohesion (NC), discord (ND), and stress (NS) using latent class growth modeling...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646923/predictive-value-of-body-mass-index-to-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-syrian-adolescents
#6
Mahfouz Al-Bachir, Mohamad Adel Bakir
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a serious epidemic health problem in both developing and developed countries. There is much evidence that obesity among adolescents contributed significantly to the development of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in adulthood. Very limited information exists on the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and associated metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between obesity determined by body mass index and the major metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646889/apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-quality-features-and-behaviour-change-techniques
#7
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Amanda L Rebar, Melanie Hayman, Nicola A Bray, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jens-Peter Gnam, Philip Bachert, Artur Direito, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: The number of commercial apps to improve health behaviours in children is growing rapidly. While this provides opportunities for promoting health, the content and quality of apps targeting children and adolescents is largely unexplored. This review systematically evaluated the content and quality of apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents, and examined relationships of app quality ratings with number of app features and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#8
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646561/pathways-to-arithmetic-fact-retrieval-and-percentage-calculation-in-adolescents
#9
Ulf Träff, Kenny Skagerlund, Linda Olsson, Rickard Östergren
BACKGROUND: Developing sufficient mathematical skills is a prerequisite to function adequately in society today. Given this, an important task is to increase our understanding regarding the cognitive mechanisms underlying young people's acquisition of early number skills and formal mathematical knowledge. AIMS: The purpose was to examine whether the pathways to mathematics model provides a valid account of the cognitive mechanisms underlying symbolic-number processing and mathematics in adolescents...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646426/eftrenonacog-alfa-a-review-in-haemophilia-b
#10
Sheridan M Hoy
Eftrenonacog alfa (Alprolix™) is a recombinant fusion protein comprising human factor IX (FIX) covalently linked to the constant region (Fc) domain of human IgG1 (i.e. rFIXFc). The presence of the Fc domain extends the terminal half-life (t½) of rFIXFc, permitting prolonged treatment intervals. rFIXFc is available for intravenous use for the prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding in patients with haemophilia B. In two multinational, phase III studies in previously treated children, adolescents and adults with severe haemophilia B, rFIXFc prophylaxis resulted in low median annualized bleeding rates (ABRs), and was associated with reductions in median weekly factor consumption and dosing frequency compared with pre-study FIX regimens...
June 23, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#11
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#12
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645779/schizophrenia-and-neurogenesis-a-stem-cell-approach
#13
REVIEW
Angela Iannitelli, Adele Quartini, Paola Tirassa, Giuseppe Bersani
Several recent research findings indicate that schizophrenia (SCZ) may begin with an abnormal neuro-genesis from embryonic Neural Stem Cells (NSCs) and that this process may be particularly vulnerable to a number of genetic and/or environmental disturbances of early brain development. Since it is now well known that neurogenesis is not confined to the womb, but is a protracted process continuing in postnatal life well into adolescence and beyond, and since in the majority of subjects diagnosed with SCZ the first psychotic break occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, the aim of our paper is to summarize the main findings supporting a possible link between changes in developmental postnatal neurogenesis and SCZ, with a specific focus on the critical period of adolescence and associated environmental risk factors...
June 20, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645056/serious-delinquency-and-later-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-register-based-follow-up-study-of-finnish-pretrial-15-to-19-year-old-offenders-sent-for-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination
#14
N Lindberg, J Miettunen, A Heiskala, R Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Aggressive and disruptive behaviors often precede the onset of schizophrenia. In this register-based follow-up study with a case-control design, we wanted to investigate if serious delinquency was associated with future diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (here, broadly defined schizophrenia) among a nationwide consecutive sample of 15- to 19-year-old Finnish delinquents sent for a forensic psychiatric examination in 1989-2010. METHODS: The sample comprised 313 delinquents with no past or current psychotic disorder...
May 15, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645041/behavioral-and-neural-concordance-in-parent-child-dyadic-sleep-patterns
#15
Tae-Ho Lee, Michelle E Miernicki, Eva H Telzer
Sleep habits developed in adolescence shape long-term trajectories of psychological, educational, and physiological well-being. Adolescents' sleep behaviors are shaped by their parents' sleep at both the behavioral and biological levels. In the current study, we sought to examine how neural concordance in resting-state functional connectivity between parent-child dyads is associated with dyadic concordance in sleep duration and adolescents' sleep quality. To this end, we scanned both parents and their child (N=28 parent-child dyads; parent Mage=42...
June 15, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644766/independent-development-of-imagination-and-perception-of-fitts-law-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#16
Emma Yoxon, Timothy N Welsh
Recent neurophysiological and behavioral research suggests perception-action systems are tightly coupled. Accordingly, Fitts' law has been observed when individuals execute, perceive, and imagine actions. Developmental research has found that (a) children demonstrate Fitts' law in imagined actions and (b) imagined movement time (MT) becomes closer to actual MT as age increases. However, action execution, imagination, and perception have yet to be assessed together in children. The authors investigated how imagined and perceived MTs related to actual MTs in children and adolescents...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644354/development-and-function-of-immune-cells-in-an-adolescent-patient-with-a-deficiency-in-the-interleukin-10-receptor
#17
Sharon Veenbergen, Marieke A van Leeuwen, Gertjan J Driessen, Rogier Kersseboom, Lilian F de Ruiter, Rolien H C Raatgeep, Dicky J Lindenbergh-Kortleve, Ytje Simons-Oosterhuis, Katharina Biermann, Dicky J J Halley, Lissy de Ridder, Johanna C Escher, Janneke N Samsom
OBJECTIVE: Monogenic defects in the interleukin-10 (IL-10) pathway are extremely rare and cause infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like pathology. Understanding how immune responses are dysregulated in monogenic IBD-like diseases can provide valuable insight in "classical" IBD pathogenesis. Here, we studied long-term immune cell development and function in an adolescent IL-10 receptor (IL10RA)-deficient patient who presented in infancy with severe colitis and fistulizing perianal disease and is currently treated with immune suppressants...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643866/strategic-communication-related-to-academic-performance-evidence-from-china
#18
Li Zhao, Lulu Chen, Luwei He, Gail D Heyman
We examined a range of forms of strategic communication relevant to academic performance among 151 seventh- and eleventh-grade adolescents in China. Participants were asked to rate the frequency of their engagement of strategic communication and to evaluate the possible motives for each strategy. The most commonly adopted strategy was to give a vague response about one's own performance, and the predominant motives for strategic communication were the desires to outcompete others, to be prosocial, and to be modest...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643572/distinctive-barriers-to-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-non-adherent-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-botswana
#19
Elizabeth Yang, Seipone Mphele, Neo Moshashane, Boineelo Bula, Jennifer Chapman, Harriet Okatch, Ed Pettitt, Ontibile Tshume, Tafireyi Marukutira, Gabriel Anabwani, Elizabeth Lowenthal
Levels of adherence to HIV treatment are lower among adolescents compared with older and younger individuals receiving similar therapies. We purposely sampled the most and least adherent adolescents from a 300-adolescent longitudinal HIV treatment adherence study in Gaborone, Botswana. Multiple objective and subjective measures of adherence were available and study participants were selected based on sustained patterns of either excellent or poor adherence over a one-year period. Focus group discussions (FGD) and in-depth interviews (IDI) were conducted with the adolescents and a subset of their caregivers with the goal of revealing barriers and facilitators of adherence...
June 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642644/role-of-different-hormones-in-the-pathogenesis-and-severity-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Ricardo Teixeira E Silva, Renan Jose Rodrigues Fernandes, Allan Hiroshi DE Araújo Ono, Raphael Martus Marcon, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa DE Barros
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hormonal profile of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and its relationship to the severity of the curvature and quality of life . METHOD: Patients with scoliosis (Cobb angle above 10°), of both genders, diagnosed after 10 years of age were included, excluding those who presented other condition that could lead to scoliosis. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), cortisol and gastrin were correlated with Cobb angle and quality of life, measured by the SRS-30 questionnaire ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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