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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734200/rates-of-meaningful-change-in-the-mental-health-of-children-in-long-term-out-of-home-care-a-seven-to-nine-year-prospective-study
#1
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
Children residing in long-term out-of-home care have high rates of clinical-level mental health difficulties. However, the stability of these children's difficulties throughout their time in care is uncertain. This paper reports estimates of the seven- to nine-year stability of carer-reported scores on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Assessment Checklists for Children (ACC) and Adolescents (ACA) for 85 children in long-term foster or kinship care. Prospective score changes on the CBCL total problems and ACC-ACA shared-item scales were assigned to one of four change groups: 'sustained mental health'; 'meaningful improvement'; 'no meaningful change'; and 'meaningful deterioration'...
July 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734192/trajectories-of-risk-behaviors-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-the-role-of-race-and-ethnicity
#2
Eunhee Park, Thomas P McCoy, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Robin Bartlett
INTRODUCTION: Despite important advances of longitudinal research in substance use behaviors, most studies stratify analyses by gender or race, which limits the ability to directly compare the likelihood of a particular developmental pathway across demographic groups. Thus, there is critical need for well-designed research to examine the associations of race/ethnicity with developmental trajectories of substance use behaviors across adolescence through adulthood. METHODS: Using an accelerated longitudinal design, we examined behaviors across ages 12-31 from Waves I-IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732282/proficient-use-of-low-spatial-frequencies-facilitates-face-memory-but-shows-protracted-maturation-throughout-adolescence
#3
Judith C Peters, Chantal Kemner
Face perception is characterized by configural processing, which depends on visual information in the low spatial frequency (LSF) ranges. However, it is unclear whether LSF content is equally important for face memory. The present study investigated how face information in the low and high SF range plays a role in the configural encoding of faces for short-term and long-term recall. Moreover, we examined how SF-dependent face memorization develops in female adolescence, by comparing children (9-10-year-olds), adolescents (12-13-year-olds and 15-16-year-olds), and young adults (21-32-year-olds)...
July 18, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731893/validity-of-administrative-data-in-identifying-cancer-related-events-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-population-based-study-using-the-impact-cohort
#4
Sumit Gupta, Paul C Nathan, Nancy N Baxter, Cindy Lau, Corinne Daly, Jason D Pole
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of estimating population level cancer outcomes, most registries do not collect critical events such as relapse. Attempts to use health administrative data to identify these events have focused on older adults and have been mostly unsuccessful. We developed and tested administrative data-based algorithms in a population-based cohort of adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: We identified all Ontario adolescents and young adults 15-21 years old diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, sarcoma, or testicular cancer between 1992-2012...
July 20, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731863/screening-adolescents-for-alcohol-use-tracking-practice-trends-of-massachusetts-pediatricians
#5
Sharon Levy, Rosemary E Ziemnik, Sion K Harris, Lily Rabinow, Louise Breen, Christina Fluet, Heather Strother, John H Straus
OBJECTIVES: Substance use screening is a recommended component of routine healthcare for adolescents. A 2008 survey of Massachusetts primary care physicians found high rates of screening, but low rates of validated tool use, leading to the concern that physicians may be missing substance use-related problems and disorders. In an effort to improve practice, a cross-disciplinary group developed and distributed an adolescent screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment toolkit in 2009...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731663/-pulmonary-actinomycosis-and-tuberculosis-a-comorbidity-pediatric-case
#6
Elsa D Bisero, Graciela F Luque, Cristina N Rizzo, Alejandra E Zapata, María S Cuello
Actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative infection, produced by anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria or microaerobic Actinomyces species. It is rare in children and adolescents and it is more common in immunocompromised. Mycobacterium tuberculosis collaborates on the development of the disease. Pulmonary involvement appears as a picture of chronic condensation that does not improve with conventional antibiotic treatment. Classic complications affecting the thoracic wallwith drainage in «sulfur granule» and fistulization are described less frequently nowadays...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731654/validation-of-the-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-specific-comorbidity-index-in-a-retrospective-cohort-of-children-and-adolescents-who-received-an-allogeneic-transplantation-in-argentina
#7
Carlos M Figueroa Turienzo, Carolina Cernadas, Mariana Roizen, Silvia Pizzi, Raquel Staciuk
INTRODUCTION: Hematopoietic cell transplantationis a therapy with a risk of transplant-related mortality (TRM), which may vary depending on prior comorbidities. The Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Specific Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) is an instrument developed to measure this risk. There are very few reports on its use in pediatrics. The objective of this study was to validate the HCT-CI in a pediatric cohort of allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation recipients in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort made up of 140 transplant patients at Hospital J...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731652/assessment-of-self-perception-of-physical-fitness-and-proposal-for-standards-among-chilean-adolescent-students-the-eapaf-study
#8
Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Pablo Vasquez, Cristian Luarte-Rocha, José Sulla-Torres, Rossana Gómez Campos
INTRODUCTION: Physical fitness may be assessed among children and adolescents in a quantitative and qualitative manner. At present, in Chile, there are no tools available to assess self-perception of physical fitness. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable instrument that would allow to assess selfperception of physical fitness among adolescents and propose standards for age and sex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was administered among adolescent students from six public schools in the Maule Region, Chile, selected in a probabilistic (stratified) fashion...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731611/energy-drink-consumption-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-quality-among-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mo'ez Al-Islam E Faris, Haitham Jahrami, Marwa M Al-Hilali, Noor J Chehyber, Sara O Ali, Sara D Shahda, Reyad S Obaid
AIM: Intake of caffeinated energy drinks has significantly increased, specifically among young adults and adolescents. College students are prone to developing unhealthy eating habits and dependence on stimulants, which puts them at a greater risk of sleep problems. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of caffeinated energy drink consumption and its association with sleep quality in college students. METHODS: A sample of 919 randomly selected adults (237 males and 682 females) from various colleges at the University of Sharjah/United Arab Emirates participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-four-to-six-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#10
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in four- to six-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N=329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching one of 12 depicted beverages (four alcoholic; eight non-alcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731544/localized-mrs-reliability-of-in-vivo-glutamate-at-3%C3%A2-t-in-shortened-scan-times-a-feasibility-study
#11
J Eric Jensen, Randy P Auerbach, Angela Pisoni, Diego A Pizzagalli
Glutamate is the prime excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain and has been implicated in a wide range of psychiatric conditions. To improve the applicability and clinical reach of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), research is needed to develop shortened, yet reliable, MRS scanning procedures for standard 1.5-3-T clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems, particularly with young or vulnerable populations unable to tolerate longer protocols. To this end, we evaluated the test-retest reliability of a shortened J-resolved MRS sequence in healthy adolescents (n = 22) aged 12-14 years...
July 21, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#12
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731214/from-positive-psychology-to-psychopathology-the-continuum-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar, Giovanni A Salum
BACKGROUND: Integration of positive psychology into clinical research and treatment has been slow. This integration can be facilitated by the conceptualisation of mental disorders as the high, symptomatic extreme of continuous normal variation. This assumes that there is also a low, positive extreme, which is, however, unchartered territory. This study aims to examine how well current measures capture the low extreme of mental disorder continua, using attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as an example...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730865/psychological-assessment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#14
Liya Pan, Xiaxi Li, Yi Feng, Li Hong
Objective This study aimed to analyse the psychological conditions and behaviour of a group of Chinese children and adolescents with obesity, and to develop an intervention for these young patients. Methods A group of 72 patients aged from 4 to 15 years were recruited from an obesity clinic. Patients, or the parents of children younger than 12 years, filled out a series of self-report questionnaires, and the responses were recorded and analysed. Results The 72 children and adolescents with obesity had a mean age of 9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730284/a-novel-interplay-between-hotair-and-dna-methylation-in-osteosarcoma-cells-indicates-a-new-therapeutic-strategy
#15
Xingang Li, Hongming Lu, Guilian Fan, Miao He, Yu Sun, Kai Xu, Fengjun Shi
PURPOSE: Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most prevalent primary malignant bone tumors in adolescent. HOTAIR is highly expressed and associated with the epigenetic modifications, especially DNA methylation, in cancer. However, the regulation mechanism between HOTAIR and DNA methylation and the biological effects of them in the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma remains elusive. METHOD: Through RNA-sequencing and computational analysis, followed by a variety of experimental validations, we report a novel interplay between HOTAIR, miR-126, and DNA methylation in OS...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729962/the-protective-effects-of-family-support-on-the-relationship-between-official-intervention-and-general-delinquency-across-the-life-course
#16
Beidi Dong, Marvin D Krohn
PURPOSE: Previous research on the labeling perspective has identified mediational processes and the long-term effects of official intervention in the life course. However, it is not yet clear what factors may moderate the relationship between labeling and subsequent offending. The current study integrates Cullen's (1994) social support theory to examine how family social support conditions the criminogenic, stigmatizing effects of official intervention on delinquency and whether such protective effects vary by developmental stage...
March 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729845/negative-affect-and-excessive-alcohol-intake-incubate-during-protracted-withdrawal-from-binge-drinking-in-adolescent-but-not-adult-mice
#17
Kaziya M Lee, Michal A Coehlo, Noah R Solton, Karen K Szumlinski
Binge-drinking is common in underage alcohol users, yet we know little regarding the biopsychological impact of binge-drinking during early periods of development. Prior work indicated that adolescent male C57BL6/J mice with a 2-week history of binge-drinking (PND28-41) are resilient to the anxiogenic effects of early alcohol withdrawal. Herein, we employed a comparable Drinking-in-the-Dark model to determine how a prior history of binge-drinking during adolescence (EtOH(adolescents)) influences emotionality (assayed with the light-dark box, marble burying test, and the forced swim test) and the propensity to consume alcohol in later life, compared to animals without prior drinking experience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729312/protocol-a-grounded-theory-of-recovery-perspectives-of-adolescent-users-of-mental-health-services
#18
Lucianne Palmquist, Sue Patterson, Analise O'Donovan, Graham Bradley
INTRODUCTION: Policies internationally endorse the recovery paradigm as the appropriate foundation for youth mental health services. However, given that this paradigm is grounded in the views of adults with severe mental illness, applicability to youth services and relevance to young people is uncertain, particularly as little is known about young people's views. A comprehensive understanding of the experiences and expectations of young people is critical to developing youth mental health services that are acceptable, accessible, effective and relevant...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729236/adolescents-perspectives-on-personalized-e-feedback-in-the-context-of-health-risk-behavior-screening-for-primary-care-qualitative-study
#19
Garret G Zieve, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Electronic health screening tools for primary care present an opportunity to go beyond data collection to provide education and feedback to adolescents in order to motivate behavior change. However, there is limited research to guide feedback message development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore youth perceptions of and preferences for receiving personalized feedback for multiple health risk behaviors and reinforcement for health promoting behaviors from an electronic health screening tool for primary care settings, using qualitative methodology...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729215/development-of-the-parent-responses-to-school-functioning-questionnaire
#20
Brittany N Barber Garcia, Laura S Gray, Laura E Simons, Deirdre E Logan
Parents play an important role in supporting school functioning in youth with chronic pain, but no validated tools exists to assess parental responses to child and adolescent pain behaviors in the school context. Such a tool would be useful in identifying targets of change to reduce pain-related school impairment. The goal of this study was to develop and preliminarily validate the Parent Responses to School Functioning (PRSF) Questionnaire, a parent self-report measure of this construct. After initial expert review and pilot testing, the measure was administered to 418 parents of children (ages 6-17) seen for initial multidisciplinary chronic pain clinic evaluation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
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