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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240232/trends-in-self-reported-oral-health-of-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2014
#1
Kar Yan Li, Christopher E Okunseri, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
OBJECTIVE: Single-item self-reported oral health (SROH) is a convenient and reliable measure for the assessment of population-based oral health. However, little is known about trends and its associations among US adults. This study investigated trends in SROH (aged 20+ years) and the associated factors among adults living in the United States. METHODS: Self-reported oral health data for 41 621 adults aged 20+ years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2014 were analysed...
December 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239552/the-use-of-geographic-information-system-as-a-tool-for-schistosomiasis-surveillance-in-the-province-of-davao-del-norte-the-philippines
#2
Vicente Y Belizario, John Paul Caesar R Delos Trinos, Berne Silawan, Chiqui M De Veyra, Agapito Hornido, Hansel Amoguis, Dominic Basalo, Cherry Dema-Ala, Irenn Mantilla, Rosele Layan
Schistosomiasis (SCH) in The Philippines is caused by Schistosoma japonicum and remains endemic in 28 provinces in 12 regions. Effective SCH control requires describing areas at risk where control efforts may be focused. This study aims at demonstrating the utility of geographical information system (GIS) as a tool for SCH surveillance in the province of Davao del Norte. Qualitative and quantitative data on SCH determinants, obtained from local government offices, partner agencies and institutions, were standardised, formatted and incorporated into a GIS map...
November 6, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239550/physical-inactivity-displays-a-mediator-role-in-the-association-of-diabetes-and-poverty-a-spatiotemporal-analysis
#3
Lung-Chang Chien, Xiao Li, Amanda Staudt
Physical inactivity is one of the risk factors of diabetes. In addition, physical inactivity is attributed to urbanization-related factors, such as poverty, which is also one of the risk factors of diabetes. We hypothesized that physical inactivity is a mediator in the association between diabetes and poverty, and that spatial heterogeneity exists in these relationships. This study adopted a spatiotemporal modelling approach to conduct this mediator analysis. From 2004-2011, data were collected at the county level in 48 contiguous states (with a total of 3,109 counties) from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and American Community Survey...
November 3, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237800/an-integrated-clinic-community-partnership-for-child-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#4
Jessica Hoffman, Leah Frerichs, Mary Story, Jason Jones, Kiah Gaskin, Annie Apple, Asheley Skinner, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective treatment of childhood obesity remains elusive. Integration of clinical and community systems may achieve effective and sustainable treatment. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of this integrated model are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial among children aged 5 to 11 presenting for obesity treatment. We randomized participants to clinical care or clinical care plus community-based programming at a local parks and recreation facility...
December 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237493/the-association-between-health-insurance-status-and-utilization-of-health-services-in-rural-northern-ghana-evidence-from-the-introduction-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#5
Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Paul Welaga, James Akazili, Anthony Kwarteng, Martin Bangha, Abraham Oduro, Osman Sankoh, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: Many households in low- and middle-income countries face financial hardships due to payments for health care, while others are pushed into poverty. Risk pooling and prepayment mechanisms help to lessen the impact of the costs of care as well as assisting to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Ghana implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for the promotion of access to health services for all Ghanaians. In this paper, we examined the association between health insurance status and utilization of outpatient and inpatient health services in rural poor communities...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236613/post-retirement-work-and-volunteering-by-poverty-groups-informed-by-role-theory
#6
Joonyoung Cho, BoRin Kim, Sojung Park, Jakyung Jang
This study uses role theory to examine the association between post-retirement work and volunteering among older retirees and to determine whether this association varies across poverty status. Data came from the 2012 wave of the Health and Retirement Study. The sample was restricted to respondents aged 62 years or older and retired (N = 6,619). Ordered logistic regression was employed to investigate the independent and joint influence of post-retirement work and poverty status on volunteering, which supports role enhancement theory...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235668/a-diaper-bank-and-home-visiting-partnership-initial-exploration-of-research-and-policy-questions
#7
Lois S Sadler, Eileen M Condon, Shirley Z Deng, Monica Roosa Ordway, Crista Marchesseault, Andrea Miller, Janet Stolfi Alfano, Alison M Weir
OBJECTIVES: The cost of diapering an infant can place a significant financial strain on families living in poverty. Partnerships between diaper banks and home visiting programs for young families may offer an innovative solution to expanding the reach and impact of diaper banks in low-income communities. The purpose of this pilot study was to uncover preliminary information about the functions of diaper distribution through home visiting programs, and to inform future research and policy questions regarding diaper distribution to families in need...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233323/evaluation-of-two-different-poverty-simulations-with-professional-phase-pharmacy-students
#8
Carriann Smith, Priscilla Ryder, Meghan Blais, Ryan Schneck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students will interact with patients who struggle to receive the health care they need. Since attitudes can influence behavior, exposure to these struggles may positively improve patient care. This study evaluates a group of student responses to two different interventions approximately 9 months apart. The primary objectives of this study were to: (1) identify if SPENT, an online game, could alone improve students' attitudes towards those living in poverty, (2) determine if changes imparted by SPENT were retained for nine months, and (3) identify if CAPS, a live simulation, has an additional benefit...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233208/training-early-childcare-providers-in-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-can-help-improve-nutrition-policies-and-practices-of-early-childcare-centres-serving-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-children-from-low-income-families
#9
T Lucas Hollar, Nicole Cook, Ruby Natale, David Quinn, Teina Phillips, Michael DeLucca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the extent to which providing training and technical assistance to early childcare centre (ECC) directors, faculty and staff in the implementation of evidence-based nutrition strategies improved the nutrition contexts, policies and practices of ECC serving racially and ethnically diverse, low-income children in Broward County, Florida, USA. The nutrition strategies targeted snack and beverage policies and practices, consistent with Caring for Our Children National Standards...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232621/timing-of-poverty-in-childhood-and-adolescent-health-evidence-from-the-us-and-uk
#10
Michael J Green, Haley Stritzel, Chelsea Smith, Frank Popham, Robert Crosnoe
Childhood poverty is associated with poorer adolescent health and health behaviours, but the importance of the timing of poverty remains unclear. There may be critical or sensitive periods in early life or early adolescence, or poverty may have cumulative effects throughout childhood. Understanding when poverty is most important can support efficient timing of interventions to raise family income or buffer against the effects of low income, but answers may vary across social contexts. The US and the UK are a useful comparison with similar liberal approaches to cash transfers, but very different approaches to healthcare provision...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230551/-pain-and-poverty
#11
REVIEW
D Feierabend, J Walter, R Kalff, R Reichart
BACKGROUND: Poverty is an important problem in Germany. The health effects of poverty can lead to a higher risk of disease and the arising of chronic affections. On the other hand chronic illness may support the development and continuance of poverty. The context of chronic pain and poverty has not been analyzed so far. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the correlation between chronic pain and poverty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective manner we interviewed 20 patients with pain syndromes during our consultation hour regarding their household income...
December 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226771/men-s-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-an-intersectional-analysis
#12
Mike C Parent, Joseph H Hammer, Tyler C Bradstreet, Esther N Schwartz, Tori Jobe
Men seek mental health treatment less often than women. The present study sought to elucidate identities and individual difference characteristics that are associated with enhanced or decreased mental health help-seeking in a large national sample of U.S. men. Using data from 4,825 U.S. men aged 20 to 59 years, main effects of race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, income-poverty ratio, relationship status, depression symptoms, and body mass index were explored within the sample of men as well as intersections of these predictors with racial/ethnic group identity...
January 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219305/brucellosis-improved-diagnostics-and-vaccine-insights-from-synthetic-glycans
#13
David R Bundle, John McGiven
Brucellosis is a serious zoonotic bacterial disease that is ranked by the World Health Organization among the top seven "neglected zoonoses" that threaten human health and cause poverty. It is a costly, highly contagious disease that affects ruminants, cattle, sheep, goats, and other productive animals such as pigs. Symptoms include abortions, infertility, decreased milk production, weight loss, and lameness. Brucellosis is also the most common bacterial disease that is transmitted from animals to humans, with approximately 500 000 new human cases each year...
December 8, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219101/health-effects-of-milder-winters-a-review-of-evidence-from-the-united-kingdom
#14
REVIEW
Shakoor Hajat
Cold-related mortality and morbidity remains an important public health problem in the UK and elsewhere. Health burdens have often reported to be higher in the UK compared to other countries with colder climates, however such assessments are usually based on comparison of excess winter mortality indices, which are subject to biases. Daily time-series regression or case-crossover studies provide the best evidence of the acute effects of cold exposure. Such studies report a 6% increase in all-cause deaths in England & Wales for every 1 °C fall in daily mean temperature within the top 5% of the coldest days...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217389/competencies-for-engaging-high-needs-patients-in-primary-care
#15
Michael J Yedidia
BACKGROUND: Patients who heavily utilize hospitals and emergency departments frequently have complex needs requiring services spanning medical, behavioral, and social service sectors. This study identifies essential competencies for caring for high-needs patients and highlights their importance to primary care delivery. METHODS: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with 30 clinical and administrative staff at 23 complex care programs across the United States were analyzed using standard qualitative techniques...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217213/adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-the-distribution-of-youth-behaviors-and-perceived-peer-attitudes-across-neighborhood-contexts
#16
Tara D Warner
PURPOSE: Sexual activity is a normative part of adolescent development, yet early sexual debut and sex with multiple partners undermine health and well-being. Both structural (e.g., poverty) and social (e.g., norms) characteristics of neighborhoods shape sexual risk taking, yet scholarship remains focused on urban areas. Thus, this study explores sexually permissive attitudes and sexual risk taking across a wider expanse of neighborhood types. METHODS: Among 8,337 nonsexually active respondents in Wave I (1994-1995 [ages 11-18]) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a hierarchical linear model and a hierarchical generalized linear model were used to estimate the effect of neighborhood type and permissive sexual climate on youths' sexual debut, age at debut, and lifetime number of sexual partners by Wave III (2001-2002 [ages 18-26]), controlling for individual, familial, and peer factors...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216895/-we-do-not-know-a-qualitative-study-exploring-boys-perceptions-of-menstruation-in-india
#17
Linda Mason, Muthusamy Sivakami, Harshad Thakur, Narendra Kakade, Ashley Beauman, Kelly T Alexander, Anna Maria van Eijke, Kayla F Laserson, Mamita B Thakkar, Penelope A Phillips-Howard
BACKGROUND: In low-middle income countries and other areas of poverty, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) can be problematic for women and girls. Issues include lack of knowledge about menstruation and MHM, and stigma around menstruation, also access to affordable and absorbent materials; privacy to change; adequate washing, cleaning and drying facilities; as well as appropriate and accessible disposal facilities. In order to effect change and tackle these issues, particularly in patriarchal societies, males may need to become advocates for MHM alongside women...
December 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216816/acute-kidney-injury-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-investigations-management-and-prevention
#18
Mohamed B Abdelraheem
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a relatively common condition, encountered in everyday paediatric clinical practice. It is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children both inside and outside intensive care units. It is associated with prolonged hospital stay and progression to chronic kidney disease. The burden of AKI is particularly high in low- and middle-income countries where rural areas and smaller cities in the countryside predominate. Most of these areas suffer from poverty, poor sanitation, water quality and hygiene, lack of education and poor access to health care...
November 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213232/stress-induced-chronic-visceral-pain-of-gastrointestinal-origin
#19
REVIEW
Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld, Anthony C Johnson
Visceral pain is generally poorly localized and characterized by hypersensitivity to a stimulus such as organ distension. In concert with chronic visceral pain, there is a high comorbidity with stress-related psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. The mechanisms linking visceral pain with these overlapping comorbidities remain to be elucidated. Evidence suggests that long term stress facilitates pain perception and sensitizes pain pathways, leading to a feed-forward cycle promoting chronic visceral pain disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209969/children-s-environmental-chemical-exposures-in-the-usa-nhanes-2003-2012
#20
Michael Hendryx, Juhua Luo
Children are vulnerable to environmental chemical exposures, but little is known about the extent of multiple chemical exposures among children. We analyzed biomonitoring data from five cycles (2003-2012) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to describe multiple chemical exposures in US children, examine levels of chemical concentrations present over time, and examine differences in chemical exposures by selected demographic groups. We analyzed data for 36 chemical analytes across five chemical classes in a sample of 4299 children aged 6-18...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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