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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530845/temporal-variation-in-the-abundance-and-timing-of-daily-activity-of-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-gerstaeckeri-st%C3%A3-l-1859-in-a-natural-habitat-in-the-lower-rio-grande-valley-south-texas
#1
Alfredo Flores, Christopher Vitek, Teresa Feria Arroyo, Brian Lund Fredensborg
Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is a burden to millions of people in South and Central America. A sylvatic life cycle of the parasite exists in the Southern United States, but recent studies indicate an active peri-domestic life cycle of T. cruzi in Texas. The USA-Mexico border region in Texas displays areas of high poverty and sub-standard housing conditions which are important risk factors for a potential spill-over transmission to a domestic life cycle including humans. The objectives of the study were to examine short- and longterm temporal variation in vector activity, and to evaluate the effect of different combinations of attractants on the capture of potential triatomine vectors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529221/close-together-far-apart-an-assessment-of-the-public-health-needs-of-three-geographically-proximate-communities-in-central-haiti
#2
Kevin A Pettit, Jacob R Kundert, John M VanBuren, William T Story, Christopher T Buresh
Haiti, a country marked by extreme poverty and poor health, is also an active site for thousands of non-governmental organizations. The community needs assessment is an important tool that allows aid organizations to understand better community perspectives regarding health. In this study, 84 community members were interviewed across three geographically proximate communities in the Arcahaie region of Haiti to identify similarities and differences in community needs. Overall, the most important public health-related problems included access to clean water, sanitation, health care, and education...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520758/cumulative-family-risks-across-income-levels-predict-deterioration-of-children-s-general-health-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
Yi-Ching Lin, Dong-Chul Seo
Family is considered an important agent in the health development of children. This process is significant but quite complex because the prevalence of potential risk factors in the family can hinder children's health. This study examined if multiple family risks might have cumulative effect on children and youth's health across various levels of household income. The data in this study were drawn from the 2011-2012 U.S. National Survey of Children's Health (N = 79,601). A cumulative family risk (CFR) index was developed, which included such constructs as single-parenthood, unstable employment, large family, parenting stress, poor maternal education, poor maternal general health and poor maternal mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#4
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508736/out-of-harm-s-way-secure-versus-insecure-disorganized-attachment-predicts-less-adolescent-risk-taking-related-to-childhood-poverty
#5
Brianna C Delker, Rosemary E Bernstein, Heidemarie K Laurent
Although some risk taking in adolescence is normative, evidence suggests that adolescents raised in conditions of socioeconomic disadvantage are disproportionately burdened with risk taking and its negative consequences. Using longitudinal data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we investigated quality of the early caregiving environment as a potential prospective buffer against the long-term association between childhood poverty and adolescent risk taking. Multicategorical moderation model results indicated that if raised in poverty across age 1-54 months (average family income to needs ratio ≤ 1...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508077/resilience-offers-escape-from-trapped-thinking-on-poverty-alleviation
#6
REVIEW
Steven J Lade, L Jamila Haider, Gustav Engström, Maja Schlüter
The poverty trap concept strongly influences current research and policy on poverty alleviation. Financial or technological inputs intended to "push" the rural poor out of a poverty trap have had many successes but have also failed unexpectedly with serious ecological and social consequences that can reinforce poverty. Resilience thinking can help to (i) understand how these failures emerge from the complex relationships between humans and the ecosystems on which they depend and (ii) navigate diverse poverty alleviation strategies, such as transformative change, that may instead be required...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498841/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-anthrax-and-meat-consumption-practices-among-affected-communities-in-zambia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#7
Doreen Chilolo Sitali, Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Oliver Mweemba, Consolata Kabonesa, Mwinyi Omary Mwinyi, Luke Nyakarahuka, John Bwalya Muma
BACKGROUND: In Zambia, human anthrax cases often occur following cases of animal anthrax. Human behaviour has been implicated in this transmission. The objective of the study was to explore human behavioural patterns that may contribute to outbreaks of anthrax among affected communities. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in four districts of Zambia from November 2015 to February 2016. A cross sectional survey involving 1,127 respondents, six focus group discussions and seven key informant interviews with professional staff were conducted...
May 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495835/uk-poverty-has-devastating-effect-on-children-s-health-doctors-warn
#8
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495384/medicinal-chemistry-of-antischistosomal-drugs-praziquantel-and-oxamniquine
#9
REVIEW
Vinícius Barros Ribeiro da Silva, Bruna Rafaella Koresch Leiva Campos, Jamerson Ferreira de Oliveira, Jean-Luc Decout, Maria do Carmo Alves de Lima
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of diseases that, besides prevailing in poverty conditions, contribute to the maintenance of social inequality, being a strong barrier to a country development. Schistosomiasis, a NTD, is a tropical and subtropical disease caused by the trematode Schistosoma mansoni (Africa, Middle East, Caribbean, Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname), japonicum (China, Indonesia, the Philippines), mekongi (several districts of Cambodia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic), intercalatum and guianensis (areas of tropical rainforests in Central Africa) and hematobium (Middle East Africa, Corsica, France) whose adult forms inhabit the mesenteric vessels of the host, while the intermediate forms are found in the aquatic gastropod snails of the genus Biomphalaria...
April 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493694/community-vulnerability-to-health-impacts-of-wildland-fire-smoke-exposure
#10
Ana G Rappold, Jeanette M Reyes, George Pouliot, Wayne E Cascio, David Diaz-Sanchez
Identifying communities vulnerable to adverse health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke may help prepare responses, increase the resilience to smoke and improve public health outcomes during smoke days. We developed a Community Health-Vulnerability Index (CHVI) based on factors known to increase the risks of health effects from air pollution and wildfire smoke exposures. These factors included county prevalence rates for asthma in children and adults, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, percent of population 65 years of age and older, and indicators of socioeconomic status including poverty, education, income and unemployment...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489489/trajectories-of-community-based-service-use-the-importance-of-poverty-and-living-arrangements
#11
Sojung Park, BoRin Kim, Eunsun Kwon, Hyunjoo Lee
This study examined how older adults' living arrangements and poverty status affected their use of in-home health, functional, and out-of-home services over time. Using eight waves of data (2006-2013) from the Korea Welfare Panel Study (Koweps, n = 3337 individuals, 22448 observations) we employed a logistic mixed-effect model to analyze how poverty and living arrangements affect community-based service use. Older adults are more likely to use all services types over time. Living-alone older adults and elder-only couples were more likely than co-residing households to use services...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488155/treating-opioid-dependence-with-buprenorphine-in-the-safety-net-critical-learning-from-clinical-data
#12
Traci R Rieckmann, Nicholas Gideonse, Amanda Risser, Jennifer E DeVoe, Amanda J Abraham
Research has examined the safety, efficacy, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness of buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid dependence, but few studies have examined patient and provider experiences, especially in community health centers. Using de-identified electronic health record system (EHRS) data from 70 OCHIN community health centers (n = 1825), this cross-sectional analysis compared the demographics, comorbidities, and service utilization of patients receiving buprenorphine to those not receiving medication-assisted treatment (MAT)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486095/concurrent-adversities-and-suicide-attempts-among-sami-and-non-sami-adolescents-the-norwegian-arctic-adolescent-study-naahs
#13
Bjørn Reigstad, Siv Kvernmo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about connections between adolescent suicide attempts (SA) and concurrent adversities. AIMS: In a cross-sectional study, the authors wanted to investigate prevalences, additive effects of adversities, family and peer relations, gender, divorce and poverty, and ethnic differences between Sami and non-Sami youth. METHODS: In an adolescent community population encompassing 4881 adolescents of 15-16 years of age, youth with and without self-reports of attempted suicide the last year were compared on 12 concurrent adversities, on scales assessing family and peer functioning, and on sociodemographic variables...
May 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481900/yaws-resurgence-in-bankim-cameroon-the-relative-effectiveness-of-different-means-of-detection-in-rural-communities
#14
Alphonse Um Boock, Paschal Kum Awah, Ferdinand Mou, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: Yaws is an infectious, debilitating and disfiguring disease of poverty that mainly affects children in rural communities in tropical areas. In Cameroon, mass-treatment campaigns carried out in the 1950s reduced yaws to such low levels that it was presumed the disease was eradicated. In 2010, an epidemiological study in Bankim Health District detected 29 cases of yaws. Five different means of detecting yaws in clinical and community settings were initiated in Bankim over the following five years...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480630/a-prospective-study-of-the-impact-of-current-poverty-history-of-poverty-and-exiting-poverty-on-accumulation-of-disease-damage-in-sle
#15
Edward Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jinoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of current poverty, number of years in poverty, and exiting poverty on disease damage accumulation in SLE. METHODS: 783 persons with SLE were followed from 2003-2015 through annual structured interviews. Respondents were categorized in each year by whether they were in households ≤125% of the Federal Poverty Level. Linear and logistic regression were used to assess the impact of poverty in 2009, number of years in poverty between 2003 and 2009, and permanent exits from poverty as of 2009 on extent of disease damage or accumulation of a clinically meaningful increase in disease damage by 2015...
May 8, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476461/adding-social-determinant-data-changes-children-s-hospitals-readmissions-performance
#16
Marion R Sills, Matthew Hall, Gretchen J Cutler, Jeffrey D Colvin, Laura M Gottlieb, Michelle L Macy, Jessica L Bettenhausen, Rustin B Morse, Evan S Fieldston, Jean L Raphael, Katherine A Auger, Samir S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social determinants of health (SDH) risk adjustment changes hospital-level performance on the 30-day Pediatric All-Condition Readmission (PACR) measure and improves fit and accuracy of discharge-level models. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all hospital discharges meeting criteria for the PACR from 47 hospitals in the Pediatric Health Information database from January to December 2014. We built four nested regression models by sequentially adding risk adjustment factors as follows: chronic condition indicators (CCIs); PACR patient factors (age and sex); electronic health record-derived SDH (race, ethnicity, payer), and zip code-linked SDH (families below poverty level, vacant housing units, adults without a high school diploma, single-parent households, median household income, unemployment rate)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472981/infectious-diseases-of-poverty-the-first-five-years
#17
EDITORIAL
Wei Wang, Jin Chen, Hui-Feng Sheng, Na-Na Wang, Pin Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Robert Bergquist
Although the focus in the area of health research may be shifting from infectious to non-communicable diseases, the infectious diseases of poverty remain a major burden of disease of global health concern. A global platform to communicate and share the research on these diseases is needed to facilitate the translation of knowledge into effective approaches and tools for their elimination. Based on the "One health, One world" mission, a new, open-access journal, Infectious Diseases of Poverty (IDP), was launched by BioMed Central in partnership with the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) on October 25, 2012...
May 4, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467156/the-role-of-intrinsic-motivation-and-the-satisfaction-of-basic-psychological-needs-under-conditions-of-severe-resource-scarcity
#18
Marieke Christina van Egmond, Andrés Navarrete Berges, Tariq Omarshah, Jennifer Benton
An emerging field of research is beginning to examine the ways in which socioeconomic disparities affect emotional, cognitive, and social processes. In this study, we took a two-step approach to examining the role that resource scarcity plays in the predictive power of intrinsic motivation on school attendance, as well as its influence on the precursors of intrinsic motivation: the psychological needs of relatedness, autonomy, and competence. Results revealed that intrinsic motivation predicts school attendance even under conditions of extreme adversity...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463868/application-of-primary-care-guideline-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#19
Rebeca M Tacy, Sherry Donaworth, Kathleen Ballman
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a primary care condition that overflows into the emergency department (ED). No ED-specific practice guideline exists for the management of patients with CLBP in the ED setting. Back pain is a common chief complaint, with cases of CLBP making up to 50% of the patients seen with back pain in an urban, freestanding ED affiliated with a multicampus health system in the Midwest where 25% of patients live below the poverty line and 21.8% do not have primary care. Kolcaba's Theory of Comfort guides the implementation of an evidence-based practice application project...
April 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462362/early-life-stress-leads-to-developmental-and-sex-selective-effects-on-performance-in-a-novel-object-placement-task
#20
Kevin G Bath, Arielle Schilit Nitenson, Ezra Lichtman, Chelsea Lopez, Whitney Chen, Meghan Gallo, Haley Goodwill, Gabriela Manzano-Nieves
Disruptions in early life care, including neglect, extreme poverty, and trauma, influence neural development and increase the risk for and severity of pathology. Significant sex disparities have been identified for affective pathology, with females having an increased risk of developing anxiety and depressive disorder. However, the effects of early life stress (ELS) on cognitive development have not been as well characterized, especially in reference to sex specific impacts of ELS on cognitive abilities over development...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
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