keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

poverty effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913757/the-impact-of-fiscal-policies-on-the-socioeconomic-determinants-of-health-a-structured-review
#1
Isabel Mosquera, Yolanda González-Rábago, Amaia Bacigalupe, Marc Suhrcke
There has been considerable recent debate around the alleged impact of discretionary fiscal policies - especially austerity policies - on health and health inequalities. Assuming that most of the impact will have to run via the effect of fiscal policies on socioeconomic determinants of health (SDH), it is of interest to gain a further understanding of the relationship between fiscal policies and SDH. Therefore, the aim of this article is to review the recent evidence on the impact of discretionary fiscal policies on key SDH, i...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905647/-cleft-lip-palate-and-flour-fortification-with-folic-acid-in-chile
#2
Angélica Paulos, Paulina Pino, Gabriel Cavada, Carolina Lagos, Valentina Broussain, Andrea Hasbún
BACKGROUND: The effect of food fortification with folic acid on the incidence of lip-palate fissures (FLP) is under discussion. AIM: To calculate the rate of hospital discharges due to cleft lip and palate (CLP) and explore whether they decreased after the start of folic acid fortification in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The hospital discharge databases published by the Chilean Ministry of Health were analyzed. The trends of discharge rates due to CLP of children of less than one year of life (ICD-10 Q350-379 code) and live births (lb) were calculated from 1986 to 2012...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901629/developing-and-testing-of-an-economic-index-tool-for-abused-women-with-children
#3
John Maddoux, Heidi Gilroy, Judith McFarlane, Fuqin Liu
: Violence and poverty combine to severely compromise the safety, health, and functioning of women with major pass-through effects to their children. To reduce poverty and mitigate violence, measures are needed to assess economic status before and after intervention programs. The purpose of the study was to develop a new tool to assess women's various sources of income, to measure the degree to which the components of the tool are independent, and assess the usefulness of the tool to assess the connection of economic status and mental health functioning among abused women...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899835/use-of-an-online-game-to-evaluate-health-professions-students-attitudes-toward-people-in-poverty
#4
Carriann E Richey Smith, Priscilla Ryder, Ann Bilodeau, Michele Schultz
Objective. To determine baseline attitudes of pharmacy, physician assistant studies, and communication science and disorders students toward people in poverty and to examine the effectiveness of using the online poverty simulation game SPENT to affect these attitudes. Methods. Students completed pre/postassessments using the validated Undergraduate Perceptions of Poverty Tracking Survey (UPPTS). Students played the online, open access, SPENT game alone and/or in pairs in a 50-minute class. Results. Significant improvements in scale scores were seen in students after playing SPENT...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896692/teaching-structure-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-structural-competency-training-for-resident-physicians
#5
Joshua Neff, Kelly R Knight, Shannon Satterwhite, Nick Nelson, Jenifer Matthews, Seth M Holmes
BACKGROUND: The influence of societal inequities on health has long been established, but such content has been incorporated unevenly into medical education and clinical training. Structural competency calls for medical education to highlight the important influence of social, political, and economic factors on health outcomes. AIM: This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a structural competency training for medical residents. SETTING: A California family medicine residency program serving a patient population predominantly (88 %) with income below 200 % of the federal poverty level...
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893880/protective-prevention-effects-on-the-association-of-poverty-with-brain-development
#6
Gene H Brody, Joshua C Gray, Tianyi Yu, Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Adrianna Galván, James MacKillop, Michael Windle, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller, Lawrence H Sweet
Importance: This study was designed to determine whether a preventive intervention focused on enhancing supportive parenting could ameliorate the association between exposure to poverty and brain development in low socioeconomic status African American individuals from the rural South. Objective: To determine whether participation in an efficacious prevention program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children will ameliorate the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893240/is-recovery-possible-outside-the-financial-mainstream
#7
Judith A Cook, Kim T Mueser
As psychiatric rehabilitation practitioners, we have solid evidence that our field's services are effective in helping people become employed, participate in social and civic life, avoid restrictive and coercive psychiatric treatment, and thrive in stable and secure community residences. Yet, hundreds of thousands of people with psychiatric disabilities do not do these things. So we must ask ourselves, to what extent is this due to their location outside the financial mainstream, and if it is, what we can do as a field to address poverty among those we serve? This editorial addresses this question: Is recovery possible outside of the financial mainstream? (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#8
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889438/disparities-in-surgical-treatment-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-among-female-residents-of-texas-the-role-of-racial-residential-segregation
#9
Chinedum O Ojinnaka, Wen Luo, Marcia G Ory, Darcy McMaughan, Jane N Bolin
INTRODUCTION: Early-stage breast cancer can be surgically treated by using mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, also known as breast-conserving therapy (BCT). Little is known about the association between racial residential segregation, year of diagnosis, and surgical treatment of early-stage breast cancer, and whether racial residential segregation influences the association between other demographic characteristics and disparities in surgical treatment...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886785/approaches-to-sustainable-capacity-building-for-cardiovascular-disease-care-in-kenya
#10
REVIEW
Felix A Barasa, Rajesh Vedanthan, Sonak D Pastakia, Susie J Crowe, Wilson Aruasa, Wilson K Sugut, Russ White, Elijah S Ogola, Gerald S Bloomfield, Eric J Velazquez
Cardiovascular diseases are approaching epidemic levels in Kenya and other low- and middle-income countries without accompanying effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. This is happening in the background of residual and emerging infections and other diseases of poverty, and increasing physical injuries from traffic accidents and noncommunicable diseases. Investments to create a skilled workforce and health care infrastructure are needed. Improving diagnostic capacity, access to high-quality medications, health care, appropriate legislation, and proper coordination are key components to ensuring the reversal of the epidemic and a healthy citizenry...
February 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885049/residential-segregation-and-mental-health-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-survey
#11
Carrie J Nobles, Sarah E Valentine, E David Zepeda, Ye Wang, Emily M Ahles, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
BACKGROUND: Among Latinos, living in a locality with greater Latino ethnic density may be protective for mental health, although findings vary by Latino subgroup, gender and birthplace. Although little studied, Latino residential segregation may capture different pathways linking risk and protective environmental factors to mental health than local ethnic density. METHODS: This study evaluated the association between residential segregation and mental distress as measured by the Kessler-10 (K10) among Latino participants in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879003/risk-and-protective-processes-predicting-rural-african-american-young-men-s-substance-abuse
#12
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
Informed by a life course perspective, this study tested a cascade model linking harsh, unresponsive parenting during childhood to young African American men's substance abuse via precocious transitions, economic instability, and future orientation. The moderating influence of community disadvantage and romantic partner support on the hypothesized pathways was also examined. At the baseline, the sample included 505 African American men between ages 19 and 22 years from high-poverty rural communities. Follow-up data were collected 18 months after baseline...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#13
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873055/hiv-related-stress-and-life-chaos-mediate-the-association-between-poverty-and-medication-adherence-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#14
Seth C Kalichman, Moira O Kalichman
HIV treatment depends on high-levels of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, which is severely impeded by poverty. Men and women living with HIV infection (N = 92) completed computerized interviews of demographic and health characteristics, poverty markers, stressful life events, and life chaos, as well as unannounced pill counts to determine prospective medication adherence and medical record chart abstractions for HIV viral load. Poverty markers were associated with both stressors and chaos, and the direct effects of all three factors predicted ART non-adherence...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871241/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-risk-factors-of-shigella-and-salmonella-among-food-handlers-in-arba-minch-university-south-ethiopia
#15
Mohammedaman Mama, Getaneh Alemu
BACKGROUND: The availability of safe food improves health of the people that contributes to productivity and provides an effective platform for development and poverty alleviation. On the other hand, unsafe food handling and processing can serve as a vehicle for the transmission of a variety of disease causing agents. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are therefore a public health problem in developed and developing countries which is also true for Ethiopia...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867144/palliative-care-in-pakistan
#16
Robyna Irshad Khan
Pakistan is a developing country of South East Asia, with all the incumbent difficulties currently being faced by the region. Insufficient public healthcare facilities, poorly regulated private health sector, low budgetary allocation for health, improper priority setting while allocating limited resources, have resulted essentially in an absence of palliative care from the healthcare scene. Almost 90% of healthcare expenditure is out of the patient's pocket with more than 45% of population living below the poverty line...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866387/school-context-matters-the-impacts-of-concentrated-poverty-and-racial-segregation-on-childhood-obesity
#17
Joy Rayanne Piontak, Michael D Schulman
BACKGROUND: Schools are important sites for interventions to prevent childhood obesity. This study examines how variables measuring the socioeconomic and racial composition of schools and counties affect the likelihood of obesity among third to fifth grade children. METHODS: Body mass index data were collected from third to fifth grade public school students by teachers from 317 urban and rural North Carolina schools in 38 counties. Multilevel models are used to examine county-, school-, and individual-level effects...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865018/how-would-rural-hospitals-be-affected-by-loss-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-medicare-low-volume-hospital-adjustment
#18
Rebecca Garr Whitaker, G Mark Holmes, George H Pink
PURPOSE: The low-volume hospital (LVH) payment adjustment established in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 is scheduled to sunset on October 1, 2017. The purpose of this analysis was: (1) to estimate the effect of the ACA LVH adjustment on qualifying hospitals' profitability margins; and (2) to examine hospital and market characteristics of the hospitals that would be most adversely affected by the loss of the ACA LVH adjustment. METHODS: 2004-2015 data from the Hospital Cost Report Information System, Hospital Market Service Area File and Nielsen-Claritas Pop-Facts file were used to estimate difference-in-difference regression models with hospital-level random effects in order to determine whether the ACA LVH adjustment improved qualifying rural hospitals' profitability margins...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859019/the-impact-of-health-insurance-on-cancer-care-in-disadvantaged-communities
#19
Zaid M Abdelsattar, Samantha Hendren, Sandra L Wong
BACKGROUND: Individuals from disadvantaged communities are among the millions of uninsured Americans gaining insurance under the Affordable Care Act. The extent to which health insurance can mitigate the effects of the social determinants of health on cancer care is unknown. METHODS: This study linked the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries to US Census data to study patients diagnosed with the 4 leading causes of cancer deaths between 2007 and 2011...
November 14, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859011/impact-of-north-carolina-s-early-childhood-programs-and-policies-on-educational-outcomes-in-elementary-school
#20
Kenneth A Dodge, Yu Bai, Helen F Ladd, Clara G Muschkin
North Carolina's Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61% non-Latinx White, 30% African American, 4% Latinx, 5% other). Student-level regression models with county and year fixed effects indicated significant positive impacts of each program on reading and math test scores and reductions in special education and grade retention in each grade...
November 17, 2016: Child Development
keyword
keyword
26958
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"