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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047376/women-s-education-level-amplifies-the-effects-of-a-livelihoods-based-intervention-on-household-wealth-child-diet-and-child-growth-in-rural-nepal
#1
Laurie C Miller, Neena Joshi, Mahendra Lohani, Beatrice Rogers, Shubh Mahato, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Many organizations seek to alleviate poverty in the developing world, often focusing their interventions on women. The role, status, and education of women are fundamentally important facets of development. Thus, understanding the interaction of women's educational level and the response to interventions is important. Therefore, we examined the impact of educational level of household adults on responses to a livestock-based community intervention. METHODS: Six pair-matched communities in 3 districts of Nepal (Chitwan/Nawalparasi/Nuwakot), were randomly assigned to receive community development activities via women's self-help groups at baseline or 1 year later...
October 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046570/general-ecological-models-for-human-subsistence-health-and-poverty
#2
Calistus N Ngonghala, Giulio A De Leo, Mercedes M Pascual, Donald C Keenan, Andrew P Dobson, Matthew H Bonds
The world's rural poor rely heavily on their immediate natural environment for subsistence and suffer high rates of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. We present a general framework for modelling subsistence and health of the rural poor by coupling simple dynamic models of population ecology with those for economic growth. The models show that feedbacks between the biological and economic systems can lead to a state of persistent poverty. Analyses of a wide range of specific systems under alternative assumptions show the existence of three possible regimes corresponding to a globally stable development equilibrium, a globally stable poverty equilibrium and bistability...
August 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046559/linked-sustainability-challenges-and-trade-offs-among-fisheries-aquaculture-and-agriculture
#3
REVIEW
Julia L Blanchard, Reg A Watson, Elizabeth A Fulton, Richard S Cottrell, Kirsty L Nash, Andrea Bryndum-Buchholz, Matthias Büchner, David A Carozza, William W L Cheung, Joshua Elliott, Lindsay N K Davidson, Nicholas K Dulvy, John P Dunne, Tyler D Eddy, Eric Galbraith, Heike K Lotze, Olivier Maury, Christoph Müller, Derek P Tittensor, Simon Jennings
Fisheries and aquaculture make a crucial contribution to global food security, nutrition and livelihoods. However, the UN Sustainable Development Goals separate marine and terrestrial food production sectors and ecosystems. To sustainably meet increasing global demands for fish, the interlinkages among goals within and across fisheries, aquaculture and agriculture sectors must be recognized and addressed along with their changing nature. Here, we assess and highlight development challenges for fisheries-dependent countries based on analyses of interactions and trade-offs between goals focusing on food, biodiversity and climate change...
September 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040336/characteristics-of-private-partners-in-chiranjeevi-yojana-a-public-private-partnership-to-promote-institutional-births-in-gujarat-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#4
Veena Iyer, Kristi Sidney, Rajesh Mehta, Dileep Mavalankar, Ayesha De Costa
BACKGROUND: The Chiranjeevi Yojana (CY) is a Public-Private-Partnership between the state and private obstetricians in Gujarat, India, since 2007. The state pays for institutional births of the most vulnerable households (below-poverty-line and tribal) in private hospitals. An innovative remuneration package has been designed to disincentivise unnecessary cesareans. This study examines characteristics of private facilities which participated in the program. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of all facilities which had conducted any births between June 2012 and April 2013 in three districts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038966/the-effect-of-a-behavioral-weight-loss-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sophia Colombari Figueroa, Randall S Stafford, Catherine A Heaney, Lisa G Rosas
Evidence of whether behavioral weight-loss interventions reduce depressive symptoms among Latino immigrants is limited. The effect of a behavioral weight-loss intervention on depressive symptoms was assessed using data from a clinical trial among Latino immigrants. Participants were randomized to a usual care (UC) control (n = 41), case management (CM) alone (n = 84), or CM with community health worker support (CM+CHW) (n = 82). Generalized estimating equation models were used to compare the impact of each intervention with UC...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037574/county-level-assessment-of-united-states-kindergarten-vaccination-rates-for-measles-mumps-rubella-mmr-for-the-2014-2015-school-year
#6
Sheryl A Kluberg, Denise P McGinnis, Yulin Hswen, Maimuna S Majumder, Mauricio Santillana, John S Brownstein
United States kindergarten measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination rates are typically reported at the state level by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The lack of local MMR data prevents identification of areas with low vaccination rates that would be vulnerable to the spread of disease. We collected county-level vaccination rates for the 2014-2015 school year with the objective of identifying these regions. We requested county-level kindergarten vaccination data from state health departments, and mapped these data to visualize geographic patterns in achievement of the 95% MMR vaccination target...
October 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028245/austerity-and-health-the-impact-in-the-uk-and-europe
#7
David Stuckler, Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, Marina Karanikolos, Martin McKee
Austerity measures-reducing social spending and increasing taxation-hurts deprived groups the most. Less is known about the impact on health. In this short review, we evaluate the evidence of austerity's impact on health, through two main mechanisms: a 'social risk effect' of increasing unemployment, poverty, homelessness and other socio-economic risk factors (indirect), and a 'healthcare effect' through cuts to healthcare services, as well as reductions in health coverage and restricting access to care (direct)...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025831/spending-on-social-and-public-health-services-and-its-association-with-homicide-in-the-usa-an-ecological-study
#8
Heather L Sipsma, Maureen E Canavan, Erika Rogan, Lauren A Taylor, Kristina M Talbert-Slagle, Elizabeth H Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether state-level spending on social and public health services is associated with lower rates of homicide in the USA. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: USA. PARTICIPANTS: All states in the USA and the District of Columbia for which data were available (n=42). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Homicide rates for each state were abstracted from the US Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025635/how-ethiopia-achieved-millennium-development-goal-4-through-multisectoral-interventions-a-countdown-to-2015-case-study
#9
Jenny Ruducha, Carlyn Mann, Neha S Singh, Tsegaye D Gemebo, Negussie S Tessema, Angela Baschieri, Ingrid Friberg, Taddese A Zerfu, Mohammed Yassin, Giovanny A Franca, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: 3 years before the 2015 deadline, Ethiopia achieved Millennium Development Goal 4. The under-5 mortality decreased 69%, from 205 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 1990 to 64 deaths per 1000 livebirths in 2013. To understand the underlying factors that contributed to the success in achieving MDG4, Ethiopia was selected as a Countdown to 2015 case study. METHODS: We used a set of complementary methods to analyse progress in child health in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2014...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021011/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-cognitive-function-in-a-mixed-sex-epidemiological-sample-of-urban-adults
#10
Megan R Williams, Christopher M Murphy, Gregory A Dore, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is associated with a wide range of mental and physical health problems, but little is known about the effect of IPV on cognitive decline. Previous research suggests an association between IPV victimization and cognitive dysfunction, but the few studies that have examined this phenomenon were cross-sectional in design and focused only on female victims of IPV. This study examined cognitive function over time among a diverse population of both male and female victims of IPV...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020312/explaining-the-impact-of-poverty-on-old-age-frailty-in-europe-material-psychosocial-and-behavioural-factors
#11
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
Previous research found poverty to be associated with adverse health outcomes among older adults but the factors that translate low economic resources into poor physical health are not well understood. The goal of this analysis was to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors as well as education in explaining the poverty-health link. In total, 28 360 observations from 11 390 community-dwelling respondents (65+) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-13, 10 countries) were analysed...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018072/association-between-home-visiting-interventions-and-first-nations-families-health-and-social-outcomes-in-manitoba-canada-protocol-for-a-study-of-linked-population-based-administrative-data
#12
Marni D Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Jennifer E Enns, Mariette Chartier, Rhonda Campbell, Wanda Phillips-Beck, Dan Chateau, Elaine Burland, Rob Santos, Alan Katz
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people are descendants of Canada's original inhabitants. In consequence of historical and ongoing structural injustices, many First Nations families struggle with challenging living conditions, including high rates of poverty, poor housing conditions, mental illness and social isolation. These risk factors impede caregivers' abilities to meet their children's basic physical and psychosocial needs. Home visiting programmes were developed to support child developmental health in families facing parenting challenges...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017527/potential-return-on-investment-of-a-family-centered-early-childhood-intervention-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#13
Negin Hajizadeh, Elizabeth R Stevens, Melanie Applegate, Keng-Yen Huang, Dimitra Kamboukos, R Scott Braithwaite, Laurie M Brotman
BACKGROUND: ParentCorps is a family-centered enhancement to pre-kindergarten programming in elementary schools and early education centers. When implemented in high-poverty, urban elementary schools serving primarily Black and Latino children, it has been found to yield benefits in childhood across domains of academic achievement, behavior problems, and obesity. However, its long-term cost-effectiveness is unknown. METHODS: We determined the cost-effectiveness of ParentCorps in high-poverty, urban schools using a Markov Model projecting the long-term impact of ParentCorps compared to standard pre-kindergarten programming...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017366/income-disparities-in-the-association-of-the-medical-home-with-child-health
#14
Bryan Anker, Yorghos Tripodis, Webb E Long, Arvin Garg
This study was a secondary data analysis of the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Data were available for a nationally representative sample of 81 090 children. Multivariable logistic regression was used to model child health with the medical home while examining the effect modification of household income and controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Overall, the medical home was significantly associated with "excellent/very good" child health for children regardless of household income...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993709/the-association-between-bmi-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-us-population-sex-age-and-ethnicity-matters
#15
M Laxy, C Teuner, R Holle, C Kurz
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem. Detailed knowledge about the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) is indispensable in deriving effective and cost-effective prevention and weight management strategies. This study aims to describe the sex-, age-, and ethnicity-specific association between BMI and HRQL in the US adult population. METHODS: Analyses are based on pooled cross-sectional data from 41 459 participants in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Household Component (HC) for the years 2000-2003...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989229/impacts-of-extension-access-and-cooperative-membership-on-technology-adoption-and-household-welfare
#16
Tesfamicheal Wossen, Tahirou Abdoulaye, Arega Alene, Mekbib G Haile, Shiferaw Feleke, Adetunji Olanrewaju, Victor Manyong
This paper examines the impacts of access to extension services and cooperative membership on technology adoption, asset ownership and poverty using household-level data from rural Nigeria. Using different matching techniques and endogenous switching regression approach, we find that both extension access and cooperative membership have a positive and statistically significant effect on technology adoption and household welfare. Moreover, we find that both extension access and cooperative membership have heterogeneous impacts...
August 2017: Journal of Rural Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977644/the-effects-of-old-age-public-transfer-on-the-well-being-of-older-adults-the-case-of-social-pension-in-south-korea
#17
Seungho Lee, Inhoe Ku, Byongdon Shon
Objectives: This study examines the effects of the social pension reform on the well-being of older adults in Korea. Our study provides an estimate of the impacts of social pension in an industrialized and urbanized context. Methods: We use monthly panel data from the Household Income and Expenditure Survey of the Korea Statistical Office. We identify the effects of social pension by utilizing an exogenous variation in the benefit level generated by the reform in 2014...
July 29, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976374/-polypharmacy-and-drug-interactions-in-elderly-patients
#18
Aytül Belgi Yıldırım, Ali Yaşar Kılınç
Although the definition of polypharmacy is not yet clear today, it is generally regarded as drug use more than the patient needs. Advanced age is the most important risk factor for polypharmacy. In addition, other risk factors are loss of current cognitive functions, low socioeconomic level and nursing care. It is seen in about 40% of people over 75 years of age worldwide, varying between countries of extreme poverty. Incorrect drug use, drug side effects and drug-drug interaction lead to unwanted hospitalizations...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976114/economic-determinants-of-breastfeeding-in-haiti-the-effects-of-poverty-food-insecurity-and-employment-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-an-urban-population
#19
Carolyn Lesorogol, Caitlin Bond, Sherlie Jean Louis Dulience, Lora Iannotti
There is limited and inconsistent empirical evidence regarding the role of economic factors in breastfeeding practices, globally. Studies have found both negative and positive associations between low income and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Employment, which should improve household income, may reduce EBF due to separation of mother and infant. In the context of a randomized controlled study of lipid-based complementary feeding in an urban slum in Cap Haitien, Haiti, we examined the economic factors influencing breastfeeding practices using mixed methods...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973507/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-participation-and-health-care-expenditures-among-low-income-adults
#20
Seth A Berkowitz, Hilary K Seligman, Joseph Rigdon, James B Meigs, Sanjay Basu
Importance: Food insecurity is associated with high health care expenditures, but the effectiveness of food insecurity interventions on health care costs is unknown. Objective: To determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a retrospective cohort study of 4447 noninstitutionalized adults with income below 200% of the federal poverty threshold who participated in the 2011 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 2012-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
September 25, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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