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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092295/income-family-context-and-self-regulation-in-5-year-old-children
#1
Mengying Li, Jenna L Riis, Sharon R Ghazarian, Sara B Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Self-regulation (SR) is a core aspect of child development with enduring effects on health and wellbeing across the lifespan. Early childhood poverty may shape SR development. This study examined the cross-sectional relationship among family income, family context, and SR in 5-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 140 five-year-old children and their mothers participated in the study. Children completed a battery of SR tasks; mothers completed questionnaires...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089393/poverty-and-private-health-expenditures-in-italian-households-during-the-recent-crisis
#2
Simone Sarti, Marco Terraneo, Mara Tognetti Bordogna
The global financial crisis that began in 2008 had an overall effect on the health behaviours of Italian households. Aggregate private health expenditures have decreased while the citizens have increasingly been asked to share health costs. The reduction of households' health expenditure could have serious consequences for health, especially if it concerns the most vulnerable people. The aim of this paper is to analyse the relation between poverty and household health expenditure, considering regional and social group variations...
January 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#3
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078664/behavior-analysts-in-the-war-on-poverty-a-review-of-the-use-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-education-and-employment
#4
REVIEW
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Kenneth Silverman
Poverty is a pervasive risk factor underlying poor health. Many interventions that have sought to reduce health disparities associated with poverty have focused on improving health-related behaviors of low-income adults. Poverty itself could be targeted to improve health, but this approach would require programs that can consistently move poor individuals out of poverty. Governments and other organizations in the United States have tested a diverse range of antipoverty programs, generally on a large scale and in conjunction with welfare reform initiatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076585/-priorities-of-clinical-drug-trials-in-brazil-and-neglected-diseases-of-poverty
#5
Rafael Santos Santana, Silvana Nair Leite
Objective: To identify clinical drug trials performed in Brazil between 2012 and 2015, with emphasis on those focusing on neglected diseases of poverty. Method: Two clinical trial registries, ReBEC (Brazilian registry) and ClinicalTrials.gov were surveyed. The following aspects were investigated: distribution of clinical trials in relation to the burden of disease in Brazil, distribution of trials regarding their focus on diseases of poverty vs. diseases not linked to poverty, phase of trials, performing institution, and type of funding (private, public, or mixed)...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069960/exposure-to-inequality-affects-support-for-redistribution
#6
Melissa L Sands
The distribution of wealth in the United States and countries around the world is highly skewed. How does visible economic inequality affect well-off individuals' support for redistribution? Using a placebo-controlled field experiment, I randomize the presence of poverty-stricken people in public spaces frequented by the affluent. Passersby were asked to sign a petition calling for greater redistribution through a "millionaire's tax." Results from 2,591 solicitations show that in a real-world-setting exposure to inequality decreases affluent individuals' willingness to redistribute...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069359/monitoring-equity-in-vaccination-coverage-a-systematic-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-45-gavi-supported-countries
#7
Catherine Arsenault, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi, José M Mendoza Rodríguez, Peter M Hansen, Mira Johri
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a systematic analysis of inequalities in childhood vaccination coverage in Gavi-supported countries; (2) to comparatively assess alternative measurement approaches and how they may affect cross-country comparisons of the level of inequalities. METHODS: Using the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) in 45 Gavi-supported countries, we measured inequalities in vaccination coverage across seven dimensions of social stratification and of vulnerability to poor health outcomes...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068854/breast-cancer-care-in-california-and-ontario
#8
Kevin M Gorey, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J Holowaty
BACKGROUND: Better health care among Canada's socioeconomically vulnerable versus America's has not been fully explained. We examined the effects of poverty, health insurance and the supply of primary care physicians on breast cancer care. METHODS: We analyzed breast cancer data in Ontario (n = 950) and California (n = 6300) between 1996 and 2000 and followed until 2014. We obtained socioeconomic data from censuses, oversampling the poor. We obtained data on the supply of physicians, primary care and specialists...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064527/child-violence-experiences-in-institutionalised-orphanage-care
#9
Lorraine Sherr, Kathryn J Roberts, Natasha Gandhi
Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down -driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly the perpetrators of such violence or abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060876/socioeconomic-status-is-not-related-with-facial-fluctuating-asymmetry-evidence-from-latin-american-populations
#10
Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez, Celia Cintas, Caio Cesar Silva de Cerqueira, Virginia Ramallo, Victor Acuña-Alonzo, Kaustubh Adhikari, Lucía Castillo, Jorge Gomez-Valdés, Paola Everardo, Francisco De Avila, Tábita Hünemeier, Claudia Jaramillo, Williams Arias, Macarena Fuentes, Carla Gallo, Giovani Poletti, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Francisco Rothhammer, Gabriel Bedoya, Javier Rosique, Andrés Ruiz-Linares, Rolando González-José
The expression of facial asymmetries has been recurrently related with poverty and/or disadvantaged socioeconomic status. Departing from the developmental instability theory, previous approaches attempted to test the statistical relationship between the stress experienced by individuals grown in poor conditions and an increase in facial and corporal asymmetry. Here we aim to further evaluate such hypothesis on a large sample of admixed Latin Americans individuals by exploring if low socioeconomic status individuals tend to exhibit greater facial fluctuating asymmetry values...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056382/poverty-dynamics-and-parental-mental-health-determinants-of-childhood-mental-health-in-the-uk
#11
Emla Fitzsimons, Alissa Goodman, Elaine Kelly, James P Smith
Using data from the British Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), an ongoing longitudinal study of a cohort of 18,827 children born in the UK in 2000-2001, we investigate important correlates of mental health issues during childhood. MCS respondents were sampled at birth, at age 9 months, and then when they were 3, 5, 7 and 11 years old. Each sweep contains detailed information on the family's SES, parenting activities, developmental indicators, parental relationship status, and indicators of parental mental health...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053894/effect-of-yoga-program-on-executive-functions-of-adolescents-dwelling-in-an-orphan-home-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Satya Prakash Purohit, Balaram Pradhan
Executive function (EF) is important for physical and mental health of children. Studies have shown that children with poverty and early life stress have reduced EF. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Yoga program on the EF of orphan adolescents. Seventy two apparently healthy orphan adolescents randomized and allocated into two groups as Yoga group (n = 40; 14 girls, age = 12.69 ± 1.35 yrs) and Wait List Control (WLC) group (n = 32, 13 girls, age = 12.58 ± 1.52 yrs). Yoga group underwent three months of Yoga program in a schedule of 90 min per day, four days per week whereas the WLC group followed the routine activities...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052930/impact-of-energy-efficiency-interventions-in-public-housing-buildings-on-cold-related-mortality-a-case-crossover-analysis
#13
Andrés Peralta, Lluís Camprubí, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Xavier Basagaña, Carme Borrell, Marc Marí-Dell'Olmo
BACKGROUND: Interventions to mitigate fuel poverty and particularly energy efficiency façade retrofitting (EEFR) have demonstrated positive impacts on health but the impacts of EEFR interventions on cold-related mortality have not been studied in depth. We evaluated the impact of EEFR interventions in Barcelona on the association between cold outdoor temperatures and mortality (from all natural causes and from neoplasms, circulatory system and respiratory system causes) from 1986 to 2012...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049476/an-improved-extraction-method-for-surface-dosage-of-insecticides-on-treated-textile-fabrics
#14
Florence Dieval, Jérémy Bouyer, Jean-François Fafet
BACKGROUND: Tens of millions of people live in mosquito-infested regions and controlling mosquito-borne diseases is one of the major interventions aimed at alleviating poverty worldwide. The use of insecticide-treated textiles is one of the most widespread control measures. This includes bed nets, battle clothing or, more generally, textiles use for clothing. These textiles are generally treated with permethrin as active ingredient, which is dosed after extraction of the active molecule present throughout the fabric (measured in mg permethrin/g of fabric) and does not take the effective concentration on the textile surfaces into account...
January 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049071/pathways-from-neighborhood-poverty-to-depression-among-older-adults
#15
Spruha Joshi, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle, James W Quinn, John R Beard, Magdalena Cerdá
The pathways through which neighborhood poverty can affect resident depression are still unknown. We investigated mechanisms through which neighborhood poverty may influence depression among older adults. Participants were drawn from the New York City Neighborhood and Mental Health in the Elderly Study II, a 3-wave study of adults aged 65-75 (n=3,497) at baseline. Neighborhood poverty and homicide were associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up waves (RR:1.20, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.36; RR: 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02, 1...
December 31, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045307/the-effects-of-economic-and-sociocultural-stressors-on-the-well-being-of-children-of-latino-immigrants-living-in-poverty
#16
Marina M Mendoza, Julia Dmitrieva, Krista M Perreira, Eliana Hurwich-Reiss, Sarah Enos Watamura
OBJECTIVE: This article explored whether preschoolers' physical (body mass index [BMI] and salivary cortisol levels) and psychological (internalizing/externalizing behaviors) well-being were predicted by economic hardship, as has been previously documented, and further, whether parental immigration-related stress and/or acculturation level moderated this relationship in low-income Latino families. METHOD: The sample for the current study included 71 children of Latino immigrants (M = 4...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#17
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040518/smoking-and-sedentary-behavior-changes-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-a-multilevel-modeling-perspective
#18
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
The present research investigated a) the effects of psychological (e.g., depressive symptoms, delinquency) and neighborhood socioeconomic environmental factors (e.g., education, poverty, proportion of racial/ethnic minorities) on changes in smoking and sedentary behaviors from adolescence to emerging adulthood and b) whether there were any cross-level interactions based on socio-ecological models. A series of multilevel analyses (level-1: individual-level; level-2: neighborhood-level) were conducted with the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) wave I (1995) and wave III (2001) data among about 10,000 US adolescents...
December 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038389/adherence-to-antiepileptic-drugs-among-diverse-older-americans-on-part-d-medicare
#19
Kendra Piper, Joshua Richman, Edward Faught, Roy Martin, Ellen Funkhouser, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Chen Dai, Lucia Juarez, Maria Pisu
INTRODUCTION: Older minority groups are more likely to have poor AED adherence. We describe adherence to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) among older Americans with epilepsy. METHODS: In retrospective analyses of 2008-2010 Medicare claims for a 5% random sample of beneficiaries augmented by minority representation, epilepsy cases in 2009 were those with ≥1 claim with ICD-9345.x or ≥2 with 780.3x, and ≥1 AED. New-onset cases had no such claims or AEDs in the year before the 2009 index event...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032479/the-role-of-nutrition-in-integrated-early-child-development-in-the-21st-century-contribution-from-the-maternal-and-child-nutrition-journal
#20
EDITORIAL
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Victoria Hall Moran
Even though it is widely recognized that early childhood development (ECD) is one of the most important predictors of future social capital and national productivity, the recently published ECD Lancet Series reports that about 250 million children under 5 years are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential, mainly as a result of poverty and social injustice. So why is this and what will it take to reverse this situation? The purpose of this special issue is to highlight important contributions from previously published articles in Maternal & Child Nutrition to the field of nutrition and ECD...
January 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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