keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

poverty effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452975/associations-between-food-security-status-and-dietary-inflammatory-potential-within-lower-income-adults-from-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-cycles-2007-to-2014
#1
Rachel S Bergmans, Mari Palta, Stephanie A Robert, Lawrence M Berger, Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristen M Malecki
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests both that chronic inflammation mediates the association of food insecurity with adverse health outcomes and that diet may be a significant source of inflammation among food insecure individuals. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether food security status is associated with dietary inflammatory potential. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), cycles 2007 to 2014 (n=10,630)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445028/evaluation-of-treatment-patterns-and-survival-outcomes-in-elderly-pancreatic-cancer-patients-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-medicare-analysis
#2
Walid L Shaib, Jeb S Jones, Michael Goodman, Juan M Sarmiento, Shishir K Maithel, Kenneth Cardona, Sujata Kane, Christina Wu, Olatunji B Alese, Bassel F El-Rayes
BACKGROUND: Management of pancreatic cancer (PC) in elderly patients is unknown; clinical trials exclude patients with comorbidities and those of extreme age. This study evaluated treatment patterns and survival outcomes in elderly PC patients using linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) and Medicare data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Histology codes 8140, 8500, 8010, 8560, 8490, 8000, 8260, 8255, 8261, 8263, 8020, 8050, 8141, 8144, 8210, 8211, or 8262 in Medicare Parts A and B were identified...
February 14, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444777/estimates-of-prevalence-demographic-characteristics-and-social-factors-among-people-with-disabilities-in-the-usa-a-cross-survey-comparison
#3
Eric Andrew Lauer, Andrew J Houtenville
OBJECTIVE: A national priority for disability research in the USA is the standardised identification of people with disabilities in surveillance efforts. Mandated by federal statute, six dichotomous difficulty-focused questions were implemented in national surveys to identify people with disabilities. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, demographic characteristics and social factors among people with disabilities based on these six questions using multiple national surveys in the USA...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440834/prevention-and-control-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-overcoming-core-challenges-in-resource-poor-environments
#4
REVIEW
Scott Dougherty, Andrea Beaton, Bruno R Nascimento, Liesl J Zühlke, Maziar Khorsandi, Nigel Wilson
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has long receded as a significant threat to public health in high-income countries. In low-resource settings, however, the specter of RHD remains unabated, as exemplified by recent data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study. There are many complex reasons for this ongoing global disparity, including inadequate data on disease burden, challenges in effective advocacy, ongoing poverty and inequality, and weak health systems, most of which predominantly affect developing nations...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438461/backpack-programs-and-the-crisis-narrative-of-child-hunger-a-critical-review-of-the-rationale-targeting-and-potential-benefits-and-harms-of-an-expanding-but-untested-model-of-practice
#5
Maryah S Fram, Edward A Frongillo
In recent years, school-based food backpack programs (BPPs) have come into national prominence as a response to a perceived crisis of child hunger in America. Distributing bags of free food directly to schoolchildren for their own personal consumption each weekend, BPPs bring together private donors, faith communities, and public schools around an intuitively appealing project: children are hungry, and so we give them food. Perhaps because of their intuitive appeal, BPPs have expanded rapidly, without rigorous evaluation to determine their impacts on children, families, and schools...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431510/accelerometer-assessed-physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-or-injury-among-children-and-adolescents-nhanes-2003-to-2006
#6
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between objectively measured moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity with school absenteeism due to illness or injury among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1249 children (aged 6-11 years) and 1747 adolescents (aged 12-17 years)...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429198/-effectiveness-of-integrated-early-childhood-development-intervention-on-nurturing-care-for-children-aged-0-35-months-in-rural-china
#7
H F Shi, J X Zhang, X L Wang, Y Y Xu, S L Dong, C X Zhao, X N Huang, Q Zhao, X F Chen, Y Zhou, Margo O'Sullivan, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier
Objective: To explore whether Integrated Early Childhood Development (IECD) program has effectively improved the nurturing care for children aged 0-35 months in rural China. Methods: IECD has been implemented by the government of China with support from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in four poverty-stricken rural counties since 2014. The interventions targeting the five key components of nurturing care (i.e. child and caregiver health, child nutrition, early learning support, child protection and social security) were delivered through the IECD program to children aged 0 to 35 months and their caregivers...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427169/multi-pollutant-modeling-through-examination-of-susceptible-subpopulations-using-profile-regression
#8
REVIEW
Eric Coker, Silvia Liverani, Jason G Su, John Molitor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The inter-correlated nature of exposure-based risk factors in environmental health studies makes it a challenge to determine their combined effect on health outcomes. As such, there has been much research of late regarding the development and utilization of methods in the field of multi-pollutant modeling. However, much of this work has focused on issues related to variable selection in a regression context, with the goal of identifying which exposures are the "bad actors" most responsible for affecting the health outcome of interest...
February 9, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426304/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-a-trial-evaluating-three-models-of-care-for-hcv-treatment-among-injection-drug-users-on-opioid-agonist-therapy
#9
Matthew J Akiyama, Linda Agyemang, Julia H Arnsten, Moonseong Heo, Brianna L Norton, Bruce R Schackman, Benjamin P Linas, Alain H Litwin
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) constitute 60% of the approximately 5 million people in the U.S. infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Treatment of PWID is complex due to addiction, mental illness, poverty, homelessness, lack of positive social support, poor adherence-related skills, low motivation and knowledge, and poor access to and trust in the health care system. New direct-acting antiviral medications are available for HCV with high cure rates and few side effects. The life expectancy and economic benefits of new HCV treatments will not be realized unless we determine optimal models of care for the majority of HCV-infected patients...
February 9, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426302/the-relationship-of-undernutrition-psychosocial-factors-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children-in-extreme-poverty-in-ethiopia
#10
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Marleen Vanvuchelen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Extreme poverty is severe deprivation of basic needs and services. Children living in extreme poverty may lack adequate parental care and face increased developmental and health risks. However, there is a paucity of literature on the combined influences of undernutrition and psychosocial factors (such as limited play materials, playground, playtime, interactions of children with their peers and mother-child interaction) on children's developmental outcomes. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to ascertain the association of developmental outcomes and psychosocial factors after controlling nutritional indices...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423779/preferential-geographic-distribution-pattern-of-abiotic-stress-tolerant-rice
#11
REVIEW
A N M Rubaiyath Bin Rahman, Jianhua Zhang
Crop productivity and stability of the food system are threatened by climate change, mainly through the effects of predicted abiotic stresses. Despite extensive research on abiotic stress tolerance in the past decades, the successful translation of these research to fields/farmers is scarce. The impelling demand of climate resilient varieties, and the poor translation of research into the field despite the availability of high throughput technologies lead us to critically analyse a neglected aspect of current abiotic stress tolerance research...
February 8, 2018: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422037/coping-strategies-of-women-with-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-community-study
#12
Telake Azale, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most women with postpartum depression (PPD) in low- and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed and untreated, despite evidence for adverse effects on the woman and her child. The aim of this study was to identify the coping strategies used by women with PPD symptoms in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of socio-culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a predominantly rural district in southern Ethiopia...
February 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415710/maternal-mental-health-priorities-help-seeking-behaviors-and-resources-in-post-conflict-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-eastern-uganda
#13
Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda. METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health specialists (n = 9)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415338/a-statewide-program-providing-colorectal-cancer-screening-to-the-uninsured-of-south-carolina
#14
Jan M Eberth, Annie Thibault, Renay Caldwell, Michele J Josey, Beidi Qiang, Edsel Peña, Delecia LaFrance, Franklin G Berger
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening rates are lowest in those without insurance or a regular provider. Since 2008, the Colorectal Cancer Prevention Network (CCPN) has provided open access colonoscopy to uninsured residents of South Carolina through established, statewide partnerships and patient navigation. Herein, we describe the structure, implementation, and clinical outcomes of this program. METHODS: The CCPN provides access to colonoscopy screening at no cost to uninsured, asymptomatic patients aged 50-64 years (African Americans age 45-64 years are eligible) who live at or below 150% of the poverty line and seek medical care in free medical clinics, federally qualified health centers, or hospital-based indigent practices in South Carolina...
February 7, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412320/effects-of-social-protection-on-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-low-or-middle-income-and-in-high-burden-countries-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Kaio Vinicius Freitas de Andrade, Joilda Silva Nery, Ramon Andrade de Souza, Susan Martins Pereira
Tuberculosis (TB) is a poverty infectious disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Evidences suggest that social protection strategies (SPS) can improve TB treatment outcomes. This study aimed to synthesize such evidences through systematic literature review and meta-analysis. We searched for studies conducted in low- or middle-income and in high TB-burden countries, published during 1995-2016. The review was performed by searching PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and LILACS. We included only studies that investigated the effects of SPS on TB treatment outcomes...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411938/the-effect-of-baby-friendly-status-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-u-s-hospitals
#16
Julie A Patterson, Nicholas S Keuler, Beth H Olson
In 2014, a leading hospital accreditation agency, mandated hospitals publicly report their exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates. This new regulation provided an opportunity to explore differences in EBF outcomes using a standardized definition across a large hospital sample in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between population demographics and the Baby-friendly (BF) hospital designation on EBF rates in hospitals throughout the United States. We obtained EBF rates from 121 BF hospitals and 1,608 hospitals without the BF designation...
February 7, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408939/a-structural-equation-modeling-approach-to-understanding-pathways-that-connect-socioeconomic-status-and-smoking
#17
Sydney A Martinez, Laura A Beebe, David M Thompson, Theodore L Wagener, Deirdra R Terrell, Janis E Campbell
The inverse association between socioeconomic status and smoking is well established, yet the mechanisms that drive this relationship are unclear. We developed and tested four theoretical models of the pathways that link socioeconomic status to current smoking prevalence using a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. Using data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey, we selected four indicator variables (poverty ratio, personal earnings, educational attainment, and employment status) that we hypothesize underlie a latent variable, socioeconomic status...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408018/cigarette-smoking-in-persons-living-with-hepatitis-c-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2014
#18
Ryung S Kim, Andrea H Weinberger, Geetanjali Chander, Mark S Sulkowski, Brianna Norton, Jonathan Shuter
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common in persons living with hepatitis C (hepatitis C+), but national statistics on this harmful practice are lacking. A better understanding of smoking behaviors in hepatitis C+ individuals may help in the development of targeted treatment strategies. METHODS: We extracted data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2014. Hepatitis C+ were compared to hepatitis C- adults in the entire sample and in the subset of current smokers...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402258/effects-of-home-based-play-assisted-stimulation-on-developmental-performances-of-children-living-in-extreme-poverty-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#19
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Johan Lemmens, Jan Valy, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Children living with foster families in a resource-limited setting such as Ethiopia are at risk of developmental problems. It is not yet clear whether intensive home-based developmental stimulation assisted by play can reduce these problems. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of play-assisted intervention integrated into basic services on the developmental performance of children living with foster families in extreme poverty. METHODS: A randomized single-blind (investigator) controlled trial design was used...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401482/assets-among-low-income-families-in-the-great-recession
#20
Valentina Duque, Natasha V Pilkauskas, Irwin Garfinkel
This paper examines the association between the Great Recession and real assets among families with young children. Real assets such as homes and cars are key indicators of economic well-being that may be especially valuable to low-income families. Using longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 4,898), we investigate the association between the city unemployment rate and home and car ownership and how the relationship varies by family structure (married, cohabiting, and single parents) and by race/ethnicity (White, Black, and Hispanic mothers)...
2018: PloS One
keyword
keyword
26958
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"