keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Add Health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340092/community-based-effectiveness-trials-as-a-means-to-disseminate-evidence-based-and-culturally-responsive-behavioral-health-interventions
#1
Flavio F Marsiglia, Patricia Dustman, Mary Harthun, Chelsea Coyne Ritland, Adriana Umaña-Taylor
This article adds to the existing knowledge about innovative community-based approaches used to reduce and eliminate behavioral health disparities. Special attention is given to culturally appropriate interventions that increase access to care and that improve the quality of behavioral health services across different geographic regions and communities. Effectiveness trials are presented as appropriate tools to translate existing efficacious interventions into real-world settings. This article describes how to transition from efficacy to effectiveness, including factors essential to consider from the perspectives of university-based research teams and community-based organizations (CBOs)...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340053/does-the-regulatory-environment-for-e-cigarettes-influence-the-effectiveness-of-e-cigarettes-for-smoking-cessation-longitudinal-findings-from-the-itc-four-country-survey
#2
Hua-Hie Yong, Sara C Hitchman, K Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Shannon M L Gravely, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey T Fong
Introduction: To date, no studies have explored how different regulatory environments may influence the effectiveness of ECs as a smoking cessation aid. Objective: This study compares the real-world effectiveness of adult smokers using ECs for quitting compared with quitting unassisted or quitting with NRT and/or prescription medications in two countries with restrictive policies towards ECs (i.e., Canada and Australia) versus two countries with less restrictive policies (i...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340009/designing-an-optimal-screening-program-for-unknown-atrial-fibrillation-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#3
Mattias Aronsson, Emma Svennberg, Mårten Rosenqvist, Johan Engdahl, Faris Al-Khalili, Leif Friberg, Viveka Frykman, Lars-Åke Levin
Aims: The primary objective of this study was to use computer simulations to suggest an optimal age for initiation of screening for unknown atrial fibrillation and to evaluate if repeated screening will add value. Methods and results: In the absence of relevant clinical studies, this analysis was based on a simulation model. More than two billion different designs of screening programs for unknown atrial fibrillation were simulated and analysed. Data from the published scientific literature and registries were used to construct the model and estimate lifelong effects and costs...
March 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339701/comparison-of-three-commercial-knowledge-bases-for-detection-of-drug-drug-interactions-in-clinical-decision-support
#4
Kin Wah Fung, Joan Kapusnik-Uner, Jean Cunningham, Stefanie Higby-Baker, Olivier Bodenreider
Objective: : To compare 3 commercial knowledge bases (KBs) used for detection and avoidance of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in clinical practice. Methods: : Drugs in the DDI tables from First DataBank (FDB), Micromedex, and Multum were mapped to RxNorm. The KBs were compared at the clinical drug, ingredient, and DDI rule levels. The KBs were evaluated against a reference list of highly significant DDIs from the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339643/increased-risk-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-among-patients-with-insomnia
#5
Wei-Chen Lin, Cheng-Che Shen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Albert C Yang
Objective. : The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk of developing myofascial pain syndrome among patients diagnosed with insomnia. Methods. : We conducted a population-based longitudinal study of a matched cohort with 7,895 participants (1,579 patients with insomnia and 6,316 controls) who were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The patients were observed for a maximum of 10 years to determine the incidence of newly diagnosed myofascial pain syndrome...
February 11, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339576/a-descriptive-report-of-electronic-cigarette-use-after-participation-in-a-community-based-tobacco-cessation-trial
#6
Elana Curry, Julianna M Nemeth, Amy Wermert, Sara Conroy, Abigail Shoben, Amy K Ferketich, Mary Ellen Wewers
Introduction: Smokers are using electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, as a cessation aid, despite uncertainty about their efficacy. This report describes the association between use of e-cigarettes before and after cessation treatment and tobacco abstinence at 12 months. It also presents characteristics of e-cigarette users and reasons for use. Methods: A longitudinal observational secondary analysis of self-reported e-cigarette use was conducted among adult Appalachian smokers enrolled in a community-based tobacco dependence treatment trial (n = 217)...
January 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334653/the-impact-of-transitions-in-insurance-coverage-on-gp-visiting-among-children-in-ireland
#7
Anne Nolan, Richard Layte
The use of direct out-of-pocket payments to finance general practitioner (GP) care by the majority of the population in Ireland is unusual in a European context. Currently, approximately 40 per cent of the population have means-tested access to free GP care, while the remainder must pay the full out-of-pocket cost. In this paper, we use nationally representative data from the Growing up in Ireland (GUI) study to examine the impact of transitions in insurance coverage on GP utilisation among children. GUI surveys two cohorts of nearly 20,000 children (aged 9 months and 9 years at baseline); we use data from the first two waves of each cohort (which covers the period 2007-2012)...
March 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332644/implementing-wildlife-disease-surveillance-in-the-netherlands-a-one-health-approach
#8
M Maas, A Gröne, T Kuiken, G Van Schaik, H I J Roest, J W B Van Der Giessen
The surveillance of (emerging) wildlife diseases can provide important, objective evidence of the circulation of pathogens of interest for veterinary and/or public health. The involvement of multiple research institutions in wildlife disease surveillance can ensure the best use of existing knowledge and expertise, but can also complicate or add challenges to the integration of wildlife disease surveillance components into a national programme. Documenting the existing efforts in a country's surveillance of wildlife diseases, including the institutes in which it takes place, provides a basis for policy-makers and authorities to identify gaps and priorities in their current surveillance programmes...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330523/public-health-and-disasters-an-emerging-translational-and-implementation-science-not-lessons-learned
#9
Kristi L Koenig, Carl H Schultz, Miryha Gould Runnerstrom, Oladele A Ogunseitan
Disaster Medicine is a relatively new multidisciplinary field of science with clear public health implications as it focuses on improving outcomes for populations rather than for individual patients. As with any other scientific discipline, the goal of public health and disaster research is to create new knowledge and transfer evidence-based data to improve public health. The phrase "lessons learned" has crept into the disaster lexicon but must be permanently erased as it has no place in the scientific method...
March 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328172/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
REVIEW
Michael E Rytting, Elias J Jabbour, Susan M O'Brien, Hagop M Kantarjian
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the adolescent and young adult (AYA) population is a difficult clinical problem. The AYA population, generally regarded as patients aged 15 to 39 years, currently draws a good deal of attention, particularly in the area of therapy selection. The current trend is to treat this group of patients with leukemia regimens based on pediatric protocols, and results comparing pediatric approaches versus adult approaches to treatment are maturing. Results are pending from a large US trial in which pediatric-based treatment is given to AYA patients with ALL...
March 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327883/chapiniella-variabilis-nematoda-parasitizing-chelonoidis-carbonarius-and-c-denticulatus-testudinidae-in-the-state-of-piau%C3%A3
#11
Simone Mousinho Freire, Anangela Ravena da Silva Leal, Marcelo Knoff, Delir Corrêa Gomes, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos, Elane Guerreiro Giese, Reinaldo José da Silva, Ivete Lopes Mendonça
Chapiniella variabilis (Chapin, 1924), a strongylid nematode, was collected parasitizing the large intestine of the tortoises Chelonoidis carbonarius (Spix, 1824) (Cc) and C. denticulatus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cd) in the Zoobotanical Park of the municipality of Teresina, state of Piauí, Brazil. The taxonomic identification was based on morphological and morphometric features, using bright-field and scanning electron microscopy. The present study adds new observations on the morphology, mainly relating to the mouth papillae, external and internal leaf-crown elements, excretory pore, deirids and male and female posterior end...
March 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326908/sublingual-immunotherapy-tablets-as-a-disease-modifying-add-on-treatment-option-to-pharmacotherapy-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#12
Stephen Brunton, Harold S Nelson, David I Bernstein, Simon Lawton, Susan Lu, Hendrik Nolte
Allergic rhinitis (AR) with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) is associated with a significant health and economic burden, and is often accompanied by asthma. Pharmacotherapies are the mainstay treatment options for AR and asthma, but guidelines also recommend allergy immunotherapy (AIT). Unlike pharmacotherapies, AIT has the ability to modify the underlying immunologic mechanisms of AR and asthma with the potential for long-term benefits after treatment is discontinued. Immunotherapy may also prevent progression of AR/C to asthma...
March 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325068/the-relationship-between-health-worker-stigma-and-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-testing-and-utilization-of-non-hiv-health-services-the-experience-of-male-and-female-sex-workers-in-kenya
#13
Laura Nyblade, Aditi Reddy, David Mbote, John Kraemer, Melissa Stockton, Caroline Kemunto, Karol Krotki, Javier Morla, Stella Njuguna, Arin Dutta, Catherine Barker
The barrier HIV-stigma presents to the HIV treatment cascade is increasingly documented; however less is known about female and male sex worker engagement in and the influence of sex-work stigma on the HIV care continuum. While stigma occurs in all spheres of life, stigma within health services may be particularly detrimental to health seeking behaviors. Therefore, we present levels of sex-work stigma from healthcare workers (HCW) among male and female sex workers in Kenya, and explore the relationship between sex-work stigma and HIV counseling and testing...
March 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324792/tolerance-of-uncertainty-conceptual-analysis-integrative-model-and-implications-for-healthcare
#14
REVIEW
Marij A Hillen, Caitlin M Gutheil, Tania D Strout, Ellen M A Smets, Paul K J Han
RATIONALE: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is an important, well-studied phenomenon in health care and many other important domains of life, yet its conceptualization and measurement by researchers in various disciplines have varied substantially and its essential nature remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) analyze the meaning and logical coherence of UT as conceptualized by developers of UT measures, and 2) develop an integrative conceptual model to guide future empirical research regarding the nature, causes, and effects of UT...
March 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323547/the-extent-that-health-professionals-suspect-and-address-addiction-to-medicines-in-primary-care-findings-from-a-survey-in-northwest-england
#15
Geoff Bates, Madeleine Cochrane, Adam John Mackridge
Addiction to medicines available over the counter or via prescription is of growing international concern. The authors of the current article ran an online survey of health professionals in general medical practice and community pharmacy settings in Northwest England to explore the frequency of suspecting and responding to addiction to medicines. Health professionals reported frequently identifying addiction to medicines among patients including those with long-term pain, mental health problems, sleep disorders, and other substance use disorders, but that these addictions often go unchallenged...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322912/maternal-prenatal-cortisol-predicts-infant-negative-emotionality-in-a-sex-dependent-manner
#16
Elizabeth C Braithwaite, Andrew Pickles, Helen Sharp, Vivette Glover, Kieran J O'Donnell, Jonathan Hill
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal stress influences fetal developmental trajectories, which may implicate glucocorticoid mechanisms. There is also emerging evidence that effects of prenatal stress on offspring development are sex-dependent. However, little is known about the prospective relationship between maternal prenatal cortisol levels and infant behaviour, and whether it may be different in male and female infants. We sought to address this question using data from a prospective longitudinal cohort, stratified by risk...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321303/comparative-study-on-treatment-satisfaction-and-health-perception-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-on-multiple-daily-injection-of-insulin-insulin-pump-and-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy
#18
Tara Hussain, Mariette Akle, Nico Nagelkerke, Asma Deeb
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes management imposes considerable demands on patients. Treatment method used has an impact on treatment satisfaction. We aim to examine the relationship between treatment satisfaction and health perception with the method used for treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We have interviewed patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus using questionnaires to assess treatment satisfaction and health perception...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318902/flavored-tobacco-product-use-in-youth-and-adults-findings-from-the-first-wave-of-the-path-study-2013-2014
#19
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Bridget K Ambrose, K Michael Cummings, Cassandra A Stanton, Shyanika W Rose, Shari P Feirman, Cindy Tworek, Allison M Glasser, Jennifer L Pearson, Amy M Cohn, Kevin P Conway, Raymond S Niaura, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Andrew Hyland
INTRODUCTION: The 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act banned characterizing flavors other than menthol in cigarettes but did not restrict their use in other forms of tobacco (e.g., smokeless, cigars, hookah, e-cigarettes). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of Wave 1 data from 45,971 U.S. adults and youth, aged ≥12 years in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study collected in 2013-2014, was conducted in 2016. This study examined (1) the prevalence and reasons for use of flavored tobacco products; (2) the proportion of ever tobacco users reporting that their first product was flavored; and (3) correlates of current flavored tobacco product use...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317712/lc-esi-qtof-ms-identification-of-novel-antioxidant-peptides-obtained-by-enzymatic-and-microbial-hydrolysis-of-vegetable-proteins
#20
Elena Babini, Davide Tagliazucchi, Serena Martini, Lucilla Dei Più, Andrea Gianotti
Bioactive antioxidant peptides are more and more attracting the attention of food manufacturers for their potential to transform food in functional food, able to prevent a variety of chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress. In the present study proteins extracted from different vegetable sources (KAMUT® khorasan wheat, emmer, lupine and pea) were hydrolyzed with commercial enzymes and Lactobacillus spp. strains. Hydrolysates were separated by size exclusion chromatography and purified fractions were analyzed for their antioxidant activity...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
26957
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"