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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688341/implementing-empowerment-based-lay-health-worker-programs-a-preliminary-study
#1
Catherine D'Arcy, Ann Taket, Lisa Hanna
Lay Health Worker (LHW) programs have been shown to be effective in engaging community members in health promotion. While successful LHW program implementation requires an understanding of factors influencing program effectiveness, evidence informing such understanding is lacking for empowerment and ecological theory-based LHW programs. This descriptive study explores how enablers and barriers, identified from LHW literature apply (from the LHWs' perspective) in the context of implementing an empowerment and ecological theory-based LHW model in Melbourne, Victoria...
April 24, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684043/do-feasibility-studies-contribute-to-or-avoid-waste-in-research
#2
Ben Morgan, Jennie Hejdenberg, Saba Hinrichs-Krapels, David Armstrong
In the context of avoiding research waste, the conduct of a feasibility study before a clinical trial should reduce the risk that further resources will be committed to a trial that is likely to 'fail'. However, there is little evidence indicating whether feasibility studies add to or reduce waste in research. Feasibility studies funded by the National Institute for Health Research's (NIHR) Research for Patient Benefit (RfPB) programme were examined to determine how many had published their findings, how many had applied for further funding for a full trial and the timeframe in which both of these occurred...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682768/combining-conversation-analysis-and-event-sequencing-to-study-health-communication
#3
Kristen E Pecanac
Good communication is essential in patient-centered care. The purpose of this paper is to describe conversation analysis and event sequencing and explain how integrating these methods strengthened the analysis in a study of communication between clinicians and surrogate decision makers in an intensive care unit. Conversation analysis was first used to determine how clinicians introduced the need for decision-making regarding life-sustaining treatment and how surrogate decision makers responded. Event sequence analysis then was used to determine the transitional probability (probability of one event leading to another in the interaction) that a given type of clinician introduction would lead to surrogate resistance or alignment...
April 23, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682724/neutrophil-phenotypes-in-health-and-disease
#4
REVIEW
Pien Hellebrekers, Nienke Vrisekoop, Leo Koenderman
Neutrophils are one of the most important effector cells of the innate immune response(1). They are traditionally seen as a homogenous population of short lived cells mainly involved in the defense against extracellular micro-organisms by phagocytosis and intracellular killing(1,2). The cells contain a large armamentarium that aids in this function and ranges from the production of reactive oxygen species by a membrane-bound NADPH oxidase to cytotoxic proteins and peptides residing in the different granules present in the cytoplasm(3)...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682516/antihypertensive-medications-and-change-in-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Marina Komaroff, Fasika Tedla, Elizabeth Helzner, Michael A Joseph
Objectives: The goal of this study is to estimate the change in the relationships between use of five classes of antihypertensive medications and stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in American adults treated for hypertension. Methods: The US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data sets 1999-2012 were used with the final analytical sample of 3,045 participants. Population prevalence estimates were calculated using the NHANES survey design weights...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681662/body-size-reference-norms-and-subjective-weight-status-a-gender-and-life-course-approach
#6
Robbee Wedow, Ryan K Masters, Stefanie Mollborn, Landon Schnabel, Jason D Boardman
This paper uses data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to describe county-level variation in norms regarding physical weight among adolescents in the United States. We demonstrate that regardless of one's physical size, those residing in counties with a heavier weight norm are significantly less likely to see themselves as overweight than those residing in counties with a light weight norm. We further show that the local weight norm during adolescence (Wave 1) is associated with individuals' weight perceptions through adolescence and into young adulthood (Wave 4), though these associations attenuate in strength as respondents age...
March 2018: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679333/a-mixed-methods-study-to-examine-the-role-of-psychosocial-stress-and-air-pollution-on-hypertension-in-mexican-origin-hispanics
#7
Amal Rammah, Kristina Walker Whitworth, Inkyu Han, Wenyaw Chan, Maria D Jimenez, Sara S Strom, Melissa L Bondy, Elaine Symanski
PURPOSE: Independent and combined effects of air pollution and psychosocial stressors on hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, among Hispanics are not well studied. METHODS: We administered a pilot-tested questionnaire on individual- and neighborhood-level psychosocial stressors, developed with community input, to nearly 2500 individuals from the MD Anderson Cancer Center cohort of Mexican-Americans. We used data from local air quality monitors to estimate individual exposures to ozone (O3 ) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674180/why-do-very-unattractive-workers-earn-so-much
#9
Satoshi Kanazawa, Shihao Hu, Adrien Larere
Kanazawa and Still (2018) showed that very unattractive workers earned more than unattractive workers, sometimes more than average-looking or attractive workers, because they had higher levels of intelligence and education, but they did not explain why very unattractive workers had higher intelligence and education. There are both theoretical and empirical reasons to expect that some intelligent men may prefer to marry very unattractive women. The analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) shows that very unattractive women were significantly more likely to be married at Age 29 than unattractive or average-looking women, and their spouses or partners earned significantly more than those of unattractive or average-looking women...
March 22, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673598/understanding-the-state-of-health-information-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study-using-a-socio-technical-approach
#10
Sarah Craig, Naonori Kodate
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to add to the broader literature on socio-technical theory and its value and/or relevance to health information in Ireland. The paper focuses on three factors that can impact on health information; those of policy, infrastructure and people (PIP) and examines how Ireland compares with other countries in relation to these factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative methods (documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews) were used...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673234/active-and-assisted-living-ecosystem-for-the-elderly
#11
Isabel Marcelino, Rosalía Laza, Patrício Domingues, Silvana Gómez-Meire, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, António Pereira
A novel ecosystem to promote the physical, emotional and psychic health and well-being of the elderly is presented. Our proposal was designed to add several services developed to meet the needs of the senior population, namely services to improve social inclusion and increase contribution to society. Moreover, the solution monitors the vital signs of elderly individuals, as well as environmental parameters and behavior patterns, in order to seek eminent danger situations and predict potential hazardous issues, acting in accordance with the various alert levels specified for each individual...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672178/obese-and-allergic-related-asthma-phenotypes-among-children-across-the-united-states
#12
Mindy K Ross, Tahmineh Romero, Myung S Sim, Peter G Szilagyi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric asthma is heterogeneous with phenotypes that reflect differing underlying inflammation and pathophysiology. Little is known about the national prevalence of certain obesity and allergy related asthma phenotypes or associated characteristics. We therefore assessed the national prevalence, risk factors, and parent-reported severity of four asthma phenotypes: not-allergic-not-obese, allergic-not-obese, obese-not-allergic, and allergic-and-obese. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) of 10-17 year-olds with parent-reported asthma...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671504/buprenorphine-therapy-for-opioid-use-disorder
#13
Roger Zoorob, Alicia Kowalchuk, Maria Mejia de Grubb
Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. Addiction is a chronic brain disease with a genetic component that affects motivation, inhibition, and cognition. Patient characteristics associated with successful buprenorphine maintenance treatment include stable or controlled medical or psychiatric comorbidities and a safe, substance-free environment...
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669674/community-views-on-factors-affecting-medicines-resource-allocation-cross-sectional-survey-of-3080-adults-in-australia
#14
Lesley Chim, Glenn Salkeld, Patrick J Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A Hughes, Martin R Stockler
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine Australian community views on factors that influence the distribution of health spending in relation to medicines. Methods A cross-sectional web-based survey was performed of 3080 adults aged ≥18 years. Participants were asked to rank, in order of importance, 12 criteria according to which medicines funding decisions may be made. Results Of all respondents, 1213 (39.4%) considered disease severity to be the most important prioritisation criterion for funding a new medicine...
April 19, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669559/exploring-the-meaning-and-practice-of-self-care-among-palliative-care-nurses-and-doctors-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
BACKGROUND: Self-care practice within the palliative care workforce is often discussed, yet seemingly under-researched. While palliative care professionals are required to implement and maintain effective self-care strategies, there appears little evidence to guide them. Moreover, there is an apparent need to clarify the meaning of self-care in palliative care practice. This paper reports qualitative findings within the context of a broader mixed-methods study. The aim of the present study was to explore the meaning and practice of self-care as described by palliative care nurses and doctors...
April 18, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667705/intellectual-disability-in-cerebral-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-study
#16
Susan M Reid, Elaine M Meehan, Sarah J Arnup, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: A population-based observational study design was used to describe the epidemiology of intellectual disability in cerebral palsy (CP) in terms of clinical and neuroimaging associations, and to report the impact of intellectual disability on utilization of health services and length of survival. METHOD: Population CP registry data were used to retrospectively assess the frequency of intellectual disability and strength of associations between intellectual disability and mobility, epilepsy, vision, hearing, communication, and neuroimaging patterns (n=1141)...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667385/chance-of-reimbursement-for-add-on-therapies-in-poland-and-in-the-world-review-of-the-reimbursement-recommendations
#17
Ewa Borowiack, Magdalena Marzec, Anna Nowotarska, Joanna Jarosz, Agata Orkisz, Patrycja Prząda-Machno
INTRODUCTION: Oncology drugs combined with standard therapies (so-called add-on therapies, e.g. bevacizumab, palbociclib) often receive negative recommendations regarding the legitimacy of public financing, issued by government agencies responsible for their assessment, i.e. health technology assessment agencies. The aim of the study was to estimate the scale of the problem related to the reimbursement of add-on therapies used in the treatment of breast and genitourinary cancers in Poland and in the world...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667375/core-curriculum-to-facilitate-the-expansion-of-a-rheumatology-practice-to-include-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants
#18
Benjamin J Smith, Marcy B Bolster, Barbara Slusher, Christine Stamatos, Jeanne R Scott, Heather Benham, Salahuddin Kazi, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Daniel E Schaffer, Vikas Majithia, Calvin R Brown, Joan M von Feldt, Joseph Flood, David M Haag, Karen L Smarr
OBJECTIVE: Due to an aging population, increasing prevalence of rheumatic disease, and a growing supply and demand gap of rheumatology providers, innovative solutions are needed to meet the needs of persons with rheumatic conditions. Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) have been identified as a group of health professionals who could help address the workforce shortage. The Executive Committee of the Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals (ARHP), a division of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), charged a task force to facilitate the preparation of NPs/PAs to work in a rheumatology practice setting...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666512/exploration-of-the-diversity-and-associated-health-benefits-of-traditional-pickles-from-the-himalayan-and-adjacent-hilly-regions-of-indian-subcontinent
#19
Rakhi Chakraborty, Swarnendu Roy
The Himalayas have provided shelter to the various communities for thousands of years and have remained the cradle for the origin of diverse cultures and traditions. The Himalayan belt is rich in biodiversity and have ushered mankind with numerous gifts for survival and existence. The art of pickling is believed to have developed independently among the different communities of this region. In this region, the main meal is supplemented with pickles or achar that not only adds flavour, but also enhances the value of the meal and often comes with inherent health benefits...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665572/diagnostic-and-treatment-practices-for-psychogenic-nonepileptic-and-epileptic-seizures-in-namibia
#20
Anina du Toit, Chrisma Pretorius
PURPOSE: Information about existing healthcare resources for the management of seizures in developing countries is lacking. These countries are often poorly equipped to deal with the immense burden of costs, mortality, stigma, seizure-related disability, and comorbidities presented by seizure disorders. This study aimed to contribute to the goals of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) by investigating the resources available for patients with seizure in Namibia. METHODS: Two separate surveys on the diagnostic and treatment practices for epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) were administered to private healthcare practitioners (HCPs) in Namibia...
April 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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