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Cornelia Mahler, Sarah Berger, Katherine Pollard, Johannes Krisam, Sven Karstens, Joachim Szecsenyi, Katja Krug
The implementation of a bachelor degree in Interprofessional Health Care at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, has fostered the need to evaluate the impact of this innovative programme. The University of the West of England Interprofessional Questionnaire (UWE-IP) was developed for longitudinal evaluation of an interprofessional curriculum. The UWE-IP consists of 35 items in four scales: "Communication and Teamwork Scale," "Interprofessional Learning Scale," "Interprofessional Interaction Scale," and "Interprofessional Relationships Scale...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Karen Peynshaert, Stefaan J Soenen, Bella B Manshian, Shareen H Doak, Kevin Braeckmans, Stefaan C De Smedt, Katrien Remaut
: In the last decade the interest in autophagy got an incredible boost and the phenomenon quickly turned into an extensive research field. Interestingly, dysfunction of this cytoplasmic clearance system has been proposed to lie at the root of multiple diseases including cancer. We therefore consider it crucial from a toxicological point of view to investigate if nanomaterials that are developed for biomedical applications interfere with this cellular process. Here, we study the highly promising 'gradient alloyed' quantum dots (QDs) that differ from conventional ones by their gradient core composition which allows for better fluorescent properties...
October 17, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Jung-Won Lim
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to (1) identify the occurrence of comorbidities among Chinese- and Korean-American breast cancer survivors (BCS), (2) examine whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores varied with the occurrence of specific comorbidities, and (3) investigate the mediating effect of comorbidities on the relationship between life stress and HRQOL. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the parent study, a cross-sectional study investigating HRQOL in 86 Chinese- and 71 Korean-American BCS in Southern California...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Jennifer Smith-Merry, Merrilyn Walton, Judith Healy, Coletta Hobbs
Objective This paper explores how hospital complaints managers react to recommendations for systemic quality reforms by health complaints commissions in response to complaints by patients in Queensland and New South Wales.Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with complaints managers in 17 hospitals. Interview transcripts were then thematically analysed and data on responses to health complaint commissions was organised in relation to Valerie Braithwaite's typology of motivational postures...
October 21, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Lisa M Schneper, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Daniel A Notterman, Stephen J Suomi
OBJECTIVE: Child-rearing environments have been associated with morbidity in adult rhesus monkeys. We examine whether such links are also seen with leukocyte telomere length. METHODS: To determine telomere length in leukocytes, blood was collected from 11 adult female monkeys aged 7 to 10 years who had been exposed to different rearing environments between birth and 7 months. Four had been reared with their mothers in typical social groups composed of other female monkeys, their offspring, and 1 to 2 adult male monkeys...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Regina Conway-Phillips, Linda Witek Janusek
The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain understanding of the definition, meaning, and function of spirituality to African American women. Four categories emerged that add insight for nurses to develop innovative spiritual-based strategies to promote African American women's positive health behaviors. Implications for promoting breast health behaviors are described.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Maya K Gislason, Holly K Andersen
We consider the case of intensive resource extractive projects in the Blueberry River First Nations in Northern British Columbia, Canada, as a case study. Drawing on the parallels between concepts of cumulative environmental and cumulative health impacts, we highlight three axes along which to gauge the effects of intensive extraction projects. These are environmental, health, and social justice axes. Using an intersectional analysis highlights the way in which using individual indicators to measure impact, rather than considering cumulative effects, hides the full extent by which the affected First Nations communities are impacted by intensive extraction projects...
October 18, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Theodore Pincus
RAPID3 (routine assessment of patient index data) is an index found within a multi-dimensional health assessment questionnaire (MDHAQ) for routine clinical care, composed only of 3 self-report scores for physical function, pain, and patient global estimate, each scored 0-10, for a total of 0-30. RAPID3 is correlated significantly with DAS28 (Disease Activity Score) and CDAI (Clinical Disease Activity Index), and distinguishes active from control treatments as efficiently as these indices in clinical trials involving adalimumab, abatacept, certolizumab, infliximab, and rituximab...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Michael A Woodley Of Menie, Joseph A Schwartz, Kevin M Beaver
Utilizing a newly released cognitive Polygenic Score (PGS) from Wave IV of Add Health (n = 1,886), structural equation models (SEMs) examining the relationship between PGS and fertility (which is approximately 50% complete in the present sample), employing measures of verbal IQ and educational attainment as potential mediators, were estimated. The results of indirect pathway models revealed that verbal IQ mediates the positive relationship between PGS and educational attainment, and educational attainment in turn mediates the negative relationship between verbal IQ and a latent fertility measure...
October 20, 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Candice Taylor Lucas, Mary Jo Messito, Rachel S Gross, Suzy Tomopoulos, Arthur H Fierman, Carolyn Brockmeyer Cates, Samantha Berkule Johnson, Benard Dreyer, Alan L Mendelsohn
OBJECTIVE: Determine maternal and infant characteristics associated with adding cereal into the bottle. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Study participants were immigrant, low-income, urban mother-infant dyads (n = 216; 91% Hispanic, 19% US-born) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial entitled the Bellevue Project for Early Language, Literacy and Education Success. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal characteristics (age, marital status, ethnicity, primary language, country of origin, education, work status, income, depressive symptoms, and concern about infant's future weight) and infant characteristics (gender, first born, and difficult temperament)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Ana Torrens, Patricia Bartholomay, Silvano Silva, Mohammed Khogali, Kristien Verdonck, Karen Bissell
Objective To assess the implementation of HIV-related interventions for patients with tuberculosis (TB), as well as TB treatment outcomes in patients coinfected with HIV in Brazil in 2011. Methods This was a cross-sectional, operational research study of HIV-related interventions among TB cases and the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of TB-HIV coinfected patients. It also used a retrospective cohort design to determine the association between antiretroviral therapy (ART) and favorable TB treatment outcomes...
January 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Antoine Adde, Emmanuel Roux, Morgan Mangeas, Nadine Dessay, Mathieu Nacher, Isabelle Dusfour, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant
Local variation in the density of Anopheles mosquitoes and the risk of exposure to bites are essential to explain the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in the transmission of malaria. Vector distribution is driven by environmental factors. Based on variables derived from satellite imagery and meteorological observations, this study aimed to dynamically model and map the densities of Anopheles darlingi in the municipality of Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (French Guiana). Longitudinal sampling sessions of An...
2016: PloS One
V J Gnanapragasam, K Burling, A George, S Stearn, A Warren, T Barrett, B Koo, F A Gallagher, A Doble, C Kastner, R A Parker
Both multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) and the Prostate Health Index (PHI) have shown promise in predicting a positive biopsy in men with suspected prostate cancer. Here we investigated the value of combining both tests in men requiring a repeat biopsy. PHI scores were measured in men undergoing re-biopsy with an mpMRI image-guided transperineal approach (n = 279, 94 with negative mpMRIs). The PHI was assessed for ability to add value to mpMRI in predicting all or only significant cancers (Gleason ≥7). In this study adding PHI to mpMRI improved overall and significant cancer prediction (AUC 0...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dean W Beebe, Julie Field, Megan M Milller, Lauren E Miller, Elizabeth LeBlond
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Investigate whether a realistic "dose" of shortened sleep, relative to a well-rested state, causes a decline in adolescents' learning and an increase in inattentive and sleepy behaviors in a simulated classroom setting. METHODS: Eighty-seven healthy 14.0-16.9 year-olds underwent a 3-week sleep manipulation protocol, including two 5-night sleep manipulation conditions presented in a randomly counterbalanced within-subjects cross-over design. Wake time was held constant...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Roni Elran-Barak, Adi Barak, Jacob Lomranz, Yael Benyamini
OBJECTIVES: To investigate methods that older Holocaust survivors and their age peers use in order to maintain the best possible life and to examine associations between these methods and subjective well-being. METHOD: Participants were 481 older Israelis (mean age 77.4 ± 6.7 years): Holocaust survivors (n = 164), postwar immigrants (n = 183), and prewar immigrants (n = 134). Measures included sociodemographics and indicators of health and well-being. Respondents were asked to answer an open-ended question: "What are the methods you use to maintain the best possible life?"...
October 14, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Jan Keller, Amelie U Wiedemann, Diana Hilda Hohl, Urte Scholz, Silke Burkert, Mark Schrader, Nina Knoll
OBJECTIVES: Extending individual planning of health behaviour change to the level of the dyad, dyadic planning refers to a target person and a planning partner jointly planning the target person's health behaviour change. To date, predictors of dyadic planning have not been systematically investigated. Integrating cognitive predictors of individual planning with four established predictor domains of social support provision, we propose a framework of predictors of dyadic planning. Including target persons' and partners' perspectives, we examine these predictor domains in the context of prostate cancer patients' rehabilitative pelvic floor exercise (PFE) following radical prostatectomy...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen
Coercion in mental health care gives rise to many ethical challenges. Many countries have recently implemented state policy programs or development projects aiming to reduce coercive practices and improve their quality. Few studies have explored the possible role of ethics (i.e., ethical theory, moral deliberation and clinical ethics support) in such initiatives. This study adds to this subject by exploring health professionals' descriptions of their ethical challenges and strategies in everyday life to ensure morally justified coercion and best practices...
October 14, 2016: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
Simon Kocbek, Lawrence Cavedon, David Martinez, Christopher Bain, Chris Mac Manus, Gholamreza Haffari, Ingrid Zukerman, Karin Verspoor
OBJECTIVE: Text and data mining play an important role in obtaining insights from Health and Hospital Information Systems. This paper presents a text mining system for detecting admissions marked as positive for several diseases: Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colon Cancer, Secondary Malignant Neoplasm of Respiratory and Digestive Organs, Multiple Myeloma and Malignant Plasma Cell Neoplasms, Pneumonia, and Pulmonary Embolism. We specifically examine the effect of linking multiple data sources on text classification performance...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Jamie Kammer, Akiko S Hosler, Emily Leckman-Westin, A Gregory DiRienzo
Depression is known to increase diabetes risk and worsen glycemic control in older adults, who already experience high rates of diabetes. The independent impact of antidepressants on glucose control is less clear. Data was drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, a large nationally-representative longitudinal study of retired individuals. Crude and adjusted linear models stratified by diabetes status were used to examine the cross-sectional associations between antidepressant use categorized by subclass and continuous hemoglobin A1C...
October 11, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Fidelindo A Lim, Cheryl A Nadeau
The current emphasis to make nurses full partners in health care dialogue, education, research, practice, and policy-making has made nursing education more challenging and exciting. Competing themes in an already saturated curriculum allow little room for adding more content to formal teaching-learning activities. Well-organized student-led interest groups are an excellent avenue for conducting focused extracurricular offerings that allow students to exercise their leadership and organizational skills, advocate for academic excellence, and add specialty topics missing in the generalist curriculum...
July 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
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