keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Add Health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031215/comprehensive-multipathway-risk-assessment-of-chemicals-associated-with-recycled-crumb-rubber-in-synthetic-turf-fields
#1
Michael K Peterson, Julie C Lemay, Sara Pacheco Shubin, Robyn L Prueitt
BACKGROUND: Thousands of synthetic turf fields in the US are regularly used by millions of individuals (particularly children and adolescents). Although many safety assessments have concluded that there are low or negligible risks related to exposure to chemicals found in the recycled rubber used to make these fields, concerns remain about the safety of this product. Existing studies of recycled rubber's potential health risks have limitations such as small sample sizes and limited evaluation of relevant exposure pathways and scenarios...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027946/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-indicators-of-mental-health-an-analysis-of-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#2
Filmer Chu, Arto Ohinmaa, Scott Klarenbach, Zing-Wae Wong, Paul Veugelers
The main function of vitamin D is calcium homeostasis. However, emerging evidence has correlated adequate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations with better mental health. The objective of this study is to investigate the association of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with indicators of mental health such as depression, anxiety, and stress. Associations of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with four indicators of mental health were examined using ordered logistic regression models with increasing specificity that account for demographics, socio-economic status, and health...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027379/impact-of-omalizumab-in-children-from-a-middle-income-country-with-severe-therapy-resistant-asthma-a-real-life-study
#3
Paulo M Pitrez, Rodrigo G de Souza, Cristian Roncada, Joao P Heinzmann-Filho, Giovana Santos, Leonardo A Pinto, Marcus H Jones, Renato T Stein
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma in children is a global health problem. Severe therapy-resistant asthma (STRA) in children is a major clinical challenge due to persistent symptoms despite high doses of corticosteroids and results in high public health costs. Omalizumab (anti-IgE monoclonal antibody) has been described as an effective add-on therapy in these patients. The characteristics of children with STRA from low- and middle-income countries have scarcely been reported, and no real-life study has been published on the effects of omalizumab in this group of patients...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#4
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023288/gut-microbiome-and-its-role-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
Shadi Ahmadmehrabi, W H Wilson Tang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, an interest in intestinal microbiota-host interactions has increased due to many findings about the impact of gut bacteria on human health and disease. Dysbiosis, a change in the composition of the gut microbiota, has been associated with much pathology, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This article will review normal functions of the gut microbiome, its link to CVD, and potential therapeutic interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: The recently discovered contribution of gut microbiota-derived molecules in the development of heart disease and its risk factors has significantly increased attention towards the connection between our gut and heart...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022501/nanotechnology-in-personalized-medicine-a-promising-tool-for-alzheimer-s-disease-treatment
#6
Laura de Matteis, Rafael Martin-Rapun, Jesus M De la Fuente
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a public health priority all over the world. The difficulty of fighting the disease consists mostly in the complexity of symptoms and causes, in the still poor knowledge of its mechanisms and in the existence of a latent, asymptomatic, preclinical stage. Although many drugs are continuously screened in clinical studies for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, the unexpected lack of patient response and sometimes the important adverse effects make it a potential field of application for personalized medicine...
October 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022426/ignorance-is-bliss-women-s-knowledge-regarding-age-related-pregnancy-risks
#7
Michal Sheinis, Nicole Carpe, Shira Gold, Amanda Selk
Pregnancy risks rise with age and the average age of first time mothers is rising. This study aimed to assess women's actual knowledge and their perceived knowledge of pregnancy complications relating to advanced maternal age. A cross-sectional survey was administered to primiparous women measuring demographics, knowledge of age-related pregnancy risks, previous counselling and health literacy. Of the 218 women surveyed, the mean knowledge score was not significantly different for women <35 years of age compared to women ≥35 years of age (p = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#8
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022358/development-of-the-injury-perceptions-questionnaire-injpq
#9
Irit Heruti, Sigal Levy, Ronit Avitsur, Daniel Deutscher, Moshe Gutvirtz, Tamar Berkovitz, Shoshana Shiloh
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the population. Given the central role of perceptions in self-regulation of health conditions, it is important to investigate how they are perceived. This article describes the development of the Injury Perceptions Questionnaire (InjPQ). METHODS: A concurrent study in a diverse sample of injured individuals (n = 333). The internal structure and the reliability (Cronbach's α) of InjPQ sub-scales were explored by factor analyses...
October 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021947/health-symptoms-in-residents-living-near-shale-gas-activity-a-retrospective-record-review-from-the-environmental-health-project
#10
Beth Weinberger, Lydia H Greiner, Leslie Walleigh, David Brown
Increasing evidence demonstrates an association between health symptoms and exposure to unconventional natural gas development (UNGD). The purpose of this study is to describe the health of adults in communities with intense UNGD who presented for evaluation of symptoms. Records of 135 structured health assessments conducted between February 2012 and October 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Publicly available data were used to determine proximity to gas wells. Analysis was restricted to records of adults who lived within 1 km of a well in Pennsylvania and denied employment in the gas industry (n = 51)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020025/worry-about-racial-discrimination-a-missing-piece-of-the-puzzle-of-black-white-disparities-in-preterm-birth
#11
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Christine Rinki, Kristen S Marchi, Michael Curtis
OBJECTIVES: The causes of the large and persistent Black-White disparity in preterm birth (PTB) are unknown. It is biologically plausible that chronic stress across a woman's life course could be a contributor. Prior research suggests that chronic worry about experiencing racial discrimination could affect PTB through neuroendocrine, vascular, or immune mechanisms involved in both responses to stress and the initiation of labor. This study aimed to examine the role of chronic worry about racial discrimination in Black-White disparities in PTB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017333/predicting-sexual-revictimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination-using-ecological-systems-theory
#12
Samantha L Pittenger, Jessica K Pogue, David J Hansen
A substantial proportion of sexual abuse victims report repeat sexual victimization within childhood or adolescence; however, there is limited understanding of factors contributing to revictimization for youth. Thus, the present study examined predictors of sexual revictimization prior to adulthood using ecological systems theory. Records of 1,915 youth presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) were reviewed to identify individual, familial, and community factors as well as initial abuse characteristics associated with risk for revictimization...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017247/a-17-year-nationwide-study-of-burkholderia-cepacia-complex-bloodstream-infections-among-patients-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-administration
#13
Nadim G El Chakhtoura, Elie Saade, Brigid M Wilson, Federico Perez, Krisztina M Papp-Wallace, Robert A Bonomo
Background: Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are a group of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria rarely reported in patients without cystic fibrosis (CF) or immunocompromising conditions. We investigated Bcc bloodstream infections (BSIs) in a cohort of non-CF patients from the US Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Methods: Using VHA databases, we identified patients with Bcc BSI at facilities nationwide from 1999 through 2015. We ascertained clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes and identified factors associated with 30-day mortality in logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017062/integration-of-the-tgx-28-65-genomic-biomarker-with-the-flow-cytometry-micronucleus-test-to-assess-the-genotoxicity-of-disperse-orange-and-1-2-4-benzenetriol-in-human-tk6-cells
#14
Julie K Buick, Andrew Williams, Byron Kuo, John W Wills, Carol D Swartz, Leslie Recio, Heng-Hong Li, Albert J Fornace, Jiri Aubrecht, Carole L Yauk
In vitro gene expression signatures to predict toxicological responses can provide mechanistic context for regulatory testing. We previously developed the TGx-28.65 genomic biomarker from a database of gene expression profiles derived from human TK6 cells exposed to 28 well-known compounds. The biomarker comprises 65 genes that can classify chemicals as DNA damaging or non-DNA damaging. In this study, we applied the TGx-28.65 genomic biomarker in parallel with the in vitro micronucleus (MN) assay to determine if two chemicals of regulatory interest at Health Canada, disperse orange (DO: the orange azo dye 3-[[4-[(4-Nitrophenyl)azo]phenyl] benzylamino]propanenitrile) and 1,2,4-benzenetriol (BT: a metabolite of benzene) are genotoxic or non-genotoxic...
September 13, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994106/safety-culture-and-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-study-of-medicare-beneficiaries-at-171-hospitals
#15
David M Shahian, Xiu Liu, Laura P Rossi, Elizabeth A Mort, Sharon-Lise T Normand
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hospital safety culture and 30-day risk-adjusted mortality for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a large, diverse hospital cohort. SUBJECTS: The final analytic cohort consisted of 19,357 Medicare AMI discharges (MedPAR data) linked to 257 AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture surveys from 171 hospitals between 2008 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study using hierarchical logistic models to estimate the association between hospital safety scores and 30-day risk-adjusted patient mortality...
October 9, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992538/health-lifestyles-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-implications-for-health
#16
Elizabeth M Lawrence, Stefanie Mollborn, Robert A Hummer
Research has long established the importance of individual health behaviors such as cigarette smoking for adult morbidity and mortality. However, we know little about how health behaviors cluster into health lifestyles among adolescents and young adults in the United States, or in turn, how such health lifestyles are associated with young adult health outcomes. This study establishes health lifestyles as distinct group phenomena at three developmental time points in a single cohort: late adolescence (ages 15-17), early adulthood (ages 20-24), and young adulthood (ages 26-31)...
September 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991884/hiv-continuum-of-care-for-youth-in-the-united-states
#17
Michelle A Lally, Jacob J van den Berg, Andrew O Westfall, Bret J Rudy, Sybil G Hosek, J Dennis Fortenberry, Dina Monte, Mary R Tanney, Elizabeth J McFarland, Jiahong Xu, Bill G Kapogiannis, Craig M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Beneficial HIV treatment outcomes require success at multiple steps along the HIV Continuum of Care. Youth living with HIV are a key population, and sites in the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN) are known for modeling optimum HIV adolescent care. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study conducted at 14 network sites across the United States assessed how the later steps of the Continuum of Care were achieved among youth: engagement, treatment and viral load suppression...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991729/automatic-identification-of-human-blastocyst-components-via-texture
#18
Parvaneh Saeedi, Dianna Yee, Jason Au, Jon Havelock
Choosing the most viable embryo during human In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a prime factor in maximizing pregnancy rate. Embryologists visually inspect morphological structures of blastocysts under microscopes to gauge their health. Such grading introduces subjectivity amongst embryologists and adds to the difficulty of quality control during IVF. In this paper, we introduce an algorithm for automatic segmentation of two main components of human blastocysts named: Trophectoderm (TE) and Inner Cell Mass (ICM)...
October 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991694/dilemmas-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-intracranial-tuberculomas
#19
REVIEW
Rajeswari Ramachandran, M Muniyandi, Vijay Iyer, T Sripriya, B Priya, T G Govindarajan
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem across the globe. A common form of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) with high mortality and morbidity is neuro TB or tuberculosis of the nervous system. The management of brain TB remains a big challenge due to the lack of specific diagnostic tools and appropriate treatment guidelines. In this context, this manuscript discusses clinical, diagnostic and treatment dilemmas in the management of intracranial tuberculomas. Brain tuberculoma may occur at any site within the cranium, no part of the brain substance or ventricular surface being exempt...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991185/comparison-of-health-risk-assessments-of-heavy-metals-and-as-in-sewage-sludge-from-wastewater-treatment-plants-wwtps-for-adults-and-children-in-the-urban-district-of-taiyuan-china
#20
Baoling Duan, Wuping Zhang, Haixia Zheng, Chunyan Wu, Qiang Zhang, Yushan Bu
Abstract: To compare the human health risk of heavy metals and As in sewage sludge between adults and children, samples were collected from five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in the urban district of Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi. Heavy metals and As in sewage sludge can be ranked according to the mean concentration in the following order: Cu > Cr > Zn > Pb > As > Hg > Cd. Compared with the concentration limit set by different countries, the heavy metals contents in sewage sludge were all within the standard limits, except for the content of As, which was higher than the threshold limit established by Canada...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
26957
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"