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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929082/protective-factors-for-psychotic-experiences-amongst-adolescents-exposed-to-multiple-forms-of-victimization
#1
Eloise Crush, Louise Arseneault, Terrie E Moffitt, Andrea Danese, Avshalom Caspi, Sara R Jaffee, Timothy Matthews, Helen L Fisher
Experiencing multiple types of victimization (poly-victimization) during adolescence is associated with the onset of psychotic experiences (such as hearing voices, having visions, or being extremely paranoid). However, many poly-victimized adolescents will not develop such subclinical phenomena and the factors that protect them are unknown. This study investigated whether individual, family, or community-level characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic experiences amongst poly-victimized adolescents...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927870/the-value-of-real-time-thoracic-radiology-consulting-in-an-integrated-lung-center-clinic-bringing-the-radiologist-to-the-center-of-multidisciplinary-health-care
#2
Eduardo J Mortani Barbosa, Sean Novak
PURPOSE: We have established an integrated thoracic radiology reading room within a multidisciplinary lung center clinic (LC). While our subjective experience has been positive, we sought to quantify how this model affects radiology workflow and whether the referring practitioners perceive value in having real-time access to a radiologist consultant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two diagnostic radiology workstations staffed by rotating thoracic radiologists and trainees were integrated within the LC...
July 2018: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927661/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-uptake-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-for-asthma-in-primary-care-practices
#3
Madelyn Welch, Tom Ludden, Kathleen Mottus, Paul Bray, Lori Hendrickson, Jennifer Rees, Jacqueline Halladay, Hazel Tapp
OBJECTIVE: Poor outcomes and health disparities related to asthma result in part from difficulty disseminating new evidence such as shared decision making (SDM) into clinical practice. As part of a three-arm cluster randomized dissemination study, evaluation of the impact of different dissemination methods was studied. Here we evaluate themes from patient and provider focus groups to assess the impact of a facilitated, traditional dissemination approach, or no intervention, on patient and provider perspectives of asthma care...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923637/geographic-distribution-of-providers-with-a-dea-waiver-to-prescribe-buprenorphine-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-a-5-year-update
#4
C Holly A Andrilla, Tessa E Moore, Davis G Patterson, Eric H Larson
PURPOSE: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a substantial public health problem. Buprenorphine is an effective medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for OUD, but access is difficult for patients, especially in rural locations. To improve access, the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 extended the ability to get a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) waiver to prescribe buprenorphine to treat OUD to nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs). This study summarizes the geographic distribution of waivered physicians, NPs, and PAs at the end of 2017 and compares it to the distribution of waivered physicians 5 years earlier...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922686/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-physical-fitness-self-concept-and-sexual-functioning
#5
Lia M Jiannine
BACKGROUND: Obesity and inactivity have led to an increasing number of individuals with sexual dysfunctions (43% of women; 31% of men). Small bouts of exercise can drastically improve sexual functioning. Thus, the present study is designed to examine the effects of physical fitness and self-concept on sexual functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fitness assessments and questionnaires were administered to 133 participants between the ages of 18 and 50 years. Physical fitness was assessed through body composition, cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, and muscular endurance...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922245/belowground-microbiota-and-the-health-of-tree-crops
#6
REVIEW
Jesús Mercado-Blanco, Isabel Abrantes, Anna Barra Caracciolo, Annamaria Bevivino, Aurelio Ciancio, Paola Grenni, Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz, László Kredics, Diogo N Proença
Trees are crucial for sustaining life on our planet. Forests and land devoted to tree crops do not only supply essential edible products to humans and animals, but also additional goods such as paper or wood. They also prevent soil erosion, support microbial, animal, and plant biodiversity, play key roles in nutrient and water cycling processes, and mitigate the effects of climate change acting as carbon dioxide sinks. Hence, the health of forests and tree cropping systems is of particular significance. In particular, soil/rhizosphere/root-associated microbial communities (known as microbiota) are decisive to sustain the fitness, development, and productivity of trees...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920885/comprehensive-comparison-of-monotherapies-for-psychiatric-hospitalization-risk-in-bipolar-disorders
#7
Anastasiya Nestsiarovich, Aurélien J Mazurie, Nathaniel G Hurwitz, Berit Kerner, Stuart J Nelson, Annette S Crisanti, Mauricio Tohen, Ronald L Krall, Douglas J Perkins, Christophe G Lambert
OBJECTIVES: This study compared 29 drugs for risk of psychiatric hospitalization in bipolar disorders, addressing the evidence gap on the >50 drugs used by US patients for treatment. METHODS: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan® database was used to identify 190 894 individuals with bipolar or schizoaffective disorder who filled a prescription for one of 29 drugs of interest: lithium, first- or second-generation antipsychotics, mood-stabilizing anticonvulsants, and antidepressants...
June 19, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#8
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920746/pathologist-s-health-care-value-in-the-triage-of-oncotype-dx-%C3%A2-testing-a-value-based-pathology-study-of-tumor-biology-with-outcomes
#9
David J Dabbs, Beth Z Clark, Kate Serdy, Agnieszka Onisko, Adam Brufsky, Sherie Smalley, Stephen Perkins, Rohit Bhargava
BACKGROUND: Pathologists provide expert tissue assessment of breast cancer, yet their value to guide the appropriate use of breast cancer gene expression profile (GEP) tests is underutilized. The specific aims of this study are to report morpho-immunohistologic characteristics of breast tumors with Oncotype DX® (ODx) Recurrence Scores (RS) of 10 or less (ultra-low risk) and 25 or less (low risk) in order to determine if pathologists can prospectively identify patient tumors that do not require ODx testing...
June 19, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915670/early-changes-in-intervention-coverage-and-mortality-rates-following-the-implementation-of-an-integrated-health-system-intervention-in-madagascar
#10
Andres Garchitorena, Ann C Miller, Laura F Cordier, Victor R Rabeza, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Hery-Tiana R Razanadrakato, Lara Hall, Djordje Gikic, Justin Haruna, Meg McCarty, Andriamihaja Randrianambinina, Dana R Thomson, Sidney Atwood, Michael L Rich, Megan B Murray, Josea Ratsirarson, Mohammed Ali Ouenzar, Matthew H Bonds
Introduction: The Sustainable Development Goals framed an unprecedented commitment to achieve global convergence in child and maternal mortality rates through 2030. To meet those targets, essential health services must be scaled via integration with strengthened health systems. This is especially urgent in Madagascar, the country with the lowest level of financing for health in the world. Here, we present an interim evaluation of the first 2 years of a district-level health system strengthening (HSS) initiative in rural Madagascar, using estimates of intervention coverage and mortality rates from a district-wide longitudinal cohort...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914664/higher-dietary-inflammation-is-associated-with-increased-odds-of-depression-independent-of-framingham-risk-score-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Dana Jorgensen, Gretchen E White, Akira Sekikawa, Peter Gianaros
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) may increase depression risk. Risk for future CVD, which can be estimated by the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), and depression risk are both linked to systemic inflammation. Dietary consumption of proinflammatory food can be measured using the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) score. We examined the potential impact of DII on depression and whether this effect is independent of FRS. We hypothesized that (1) both FRS and DII would be associated with depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 ≥ 10) and (2) associations between DII and depressive symptoms (continuous) would be mediated by FRS...
June 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914610/sharing-the-pain-lessons-from-missed-opportunities-for-healthcare-improvement-from-patient-complaints-and-litigation-in-the-australian-health-system
#12
Benjamin M Nowotny, Erwin Loh, Katherine Lorenz, Euan M Wallace
Learning from medical errors to prevent their recurrence is an important component of any healthcare system's quality and safety improvement functions. Traditionally, this been achieved principally from review of adverse clinical outcomes. The opportunity to learn systematically and in a system manner from patient complaints and litigation has been less well harnessed. Herein we describe the pathways and processes for both patient complaints and medicolegal claims in Victoria, and Australia more broadly, and assess the potential for these to be used for system improvement...
June 19, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913081/anxiety-management-participants-experiences-of-a-physiotherapeutic-group-treatment-in-swedish-psychiatric-outpatient-care
#13
Helena Ölund, Louise Danielsson, Susanne Rosberg
Anxiety disorders are among the most persistent mental health syndromes. There is extensive research showing effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy interventions targeting anxiety, while knowledge is still sparse for other treatment options. The aim of this study was to explore how participants with anxiety disorders experience a physiotherapeutic group treatment in psychiatric outpatient care, and their perceived ability to manage anxiety within two months after participating in the treatment. Semi-structured interviews with participants were conducted to explore experiences of the treatment...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912680/integrated-serologic-surveillance-of-population-immunity-and-disease-transmission
#14
Benjamin F Arnold, Heather M Scobie, Jeffrey W Priest, Patrick J Lammie
Antibodies are unique among biomarkers in their ability to identify persons with protective immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases and to measure past exposure to diverse pathogens. Most infectious disease surveillance maintains a single-disease focus, but broader testing of existing serologic surveys with multiplex antibody assays would create new opportunities for integrated surveillance. In this perspective, we highlight multiple areas for potential synergy where integrated surveillance could add more value to public health efforts than the current trend of independent disease monitoring through vertical programs...
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911446/views-of-healthcare-professionals-on-training-for-and-delivery-of-a-fatigue-self-management-program-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Stefan Peters, Amanda Wilkinson, Hilda Mulligan
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences and perspectives of the healthcare professionals who were trained to and delivered "Minimise Fatigue, Maximise Life" (MFML), a patient-centered group-based fatigue self-management program for persons with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study with semi-structured individual interviews at two time points. Data were analyzed for themes. Six healthcare professional facilitators who were trained to and delivered "Minimise Fatigue, Maximise Life" participated in a first interview, and five in a second...
June 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911311/behaviour-change-techniques-associated-with-adherence-to-prescribed-exercise-in-patients-with-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-systematic-review
#16
Laura B Meade, Lindsay M Bearne, Louise H Sweeney, Samah H Alageel, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive movement) improves pain and function in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMSK), but adherence is often poor. This systematic review evaluates the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence in people with PMSK and describes the content, context, and theoretical underpinning of behaviour change interventions designed to increase adherence. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception dates to August 2017...
June 17, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908726/digital-health-intervention-as-an-adjunct-to-a-workplace-health-program-in-hypertension
#17
Conor Senecal, R Jay Widmer, Matthew P Johnson, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common and difficult-to-treat condition; digital health tools may serve as adjuncts to traditional pharmaceutical and lifestyle-based interventions. Using a retrospective observational study we sought to evaluate the effect of a desktop and mobile digital health intervention (DHI) as an adjunct to a workplace health program in those previously diagnosed with hypertension. METHODS: As part of a workplace health program, 3330 patients were identified as previously diagnosed with hypertension...
May 30, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904777/science-behind-the-cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-biochemical-effects-vs-clinical-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Rohith N Thota, Jessica J A Ferguson, Kylie A Abbott, Cintia B Dias, Manohar L Garg
Lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Greenland Inuit, Northern Canada and Japan has been attributed to their consumption of seafood rich in long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA). While a large majority of pre-clinical and intervention trials have demonstrated heart health benefits of LCn-3PUFA, some studies have shown no effects or even negative effects. LCn-3PUFA have been shown to favourably modulate blood lipid levels, particularly a reduction in circulating levels of triglycerides...
June 15, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903703/identification-of-implementation-strategies-used-for-the-circle-of-security-virginia-family-model-intervention-concept-mapping-study
#19
Bettina Nielsen, Kari Slinning, Hanne Weie Oddli, Filip Drozd
BACKGROUND: A reoccurring finding from health and clinical services is the failure to implement theory and research into practice and policy in appropriate and efficient ways, which is why it is essential to develop and identify implementation strategies, as they constitute the how-to component of translating and changing health practices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic and comprehensive review of the implementation strategies that have been applied for the Circle of Security-Virginia Family (COS-VF) model by developing an implementation protocol...
June 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902941/accessibility-information-in-new-delhi-for-easenaccess-android-based-app-for-persons-with-disability-an-observational-study
#20
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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