keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Baldness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912005/climate-change-increases-the-production-of-female-hatchlings-at-a-northern-sea-turtle-rookery
#1
J L Reneker, S J Kamel
The most recent climate change projections show a global increase in temperatures, along with major adjustments to precipitation, throughout the 21st century. Species exhibiting temperature-dependent sex determination are highly susceptible to such changes since the incubation environment influences critical offspring characteristics such as survival and sex ratio. Here we show that the mean incubation duration of loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) nests from a high-density nesting beach on Bald Head Island, North Carolina, USA has decreased significantly over the past 25 yr...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901020/structural-decoding-of-netrin-4-reveals-a-regulatory-function-towards-mature-basement-membranes
#2
Raphael Reuten, Trushar R Patel, Matthew McDougall, Nicolas Rama, Denise Nikodemus, Benjamin Gibert, Jean-Guy Delcros, Carina Prein, Markus Meier, Stéphanie Metzger, Zhigang Zhou, Jennifer Kaltenberg, Karen K McKee, Tobias Bald, Thomas Tüting, Paola Zigrino, Valentin Djonov, Wilhelm Bloch, Hauke Clausen-Schaumann, Ernst Poschl, Peter D Yurchenco, Martin Ehrbar, Patrick Mehlen, Jörg Stetefeld, Manuel Koch
Netrins, a family of laminin-related molecules, have been proposed to act as guidance cues either during nervous system development or the establishment of the vascular system. This was clearly demonstrated for netrin-1 via its interaction with the receptors DCC and UNC5s. However, mainly based on shared homologies with netrin-1, netrin-4 was also proposed to play a role in neuronal outgrowth and developmental/pathological angiogenesis via interactions with netrin-1 receptors. Here, we present the high-resolution structure of netrin-4, which shows unique features in comparison with netrin-1, and show that it does not bind directly to any of the known netrin-1 receptors...
November 30, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898776/does-fall-removal-of-the-dairy-manure-sludge-in-a-storage-tank-reduce-subsequent-methane-emissions
#3
Hambaliou Baldé, Andrew C VanderZaag, Stephen D Burtt, Robert J Gordon, Raymond L Desjardins
When liquid manure is removed from storages for land application, "sludge" generally remains at the bottom of the tank. This may serve as an inoculum when fresh manure is subsequently added, thereby increasing methane (CH) emissions. Previous pilot-scale studies have shown that completely emptying storages can decrease CH emissions; however, no farm-scale studies have been conducted to quantify the effect of sludge removal. In this study, a commercial dairy farm removed as much manure and sludge from their concrete storage as possible in the fall (∼2% by volume remained)...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879269/basophils-promote-tumor-rejection-via-chemotaxis-and-infiltration-of-cd8-t-cells
#4
Ibrahim M Sektioglu, Rafael Carretero, Nadja Bulbuc, Tobias Bald, Thomas Tüting, Alexander Y Rudensky, Günter J Hämmerling
Elevated numbers of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) in patient tumors are known to inhibit efficient anti-tumor T-cell responses. To study the mechanisms controlling tumor rejection, we assessed different mouse models for Treg depletion. In Foxp3DTR knock-in mice, about 99% Treg depletion was achieved, resulting in complete rejection of transplanted HCmel12 melanomas in a CD8+ T cell-dependent way. In contrast, about 90% Treg depletion obtained in BAC transgenic Foxp3.LuciDTR4 mice failed to induce complete rejection of HCmel12 melanomas, demonstrating that residual Tregs were able to control CD8+ T cell responses against the tumor...
November 22, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871592/stability-of-suxamethonium-in-pharmaceutical-solution-for-injection-by-validated-stability-indicating-chromatographic-method
#5
William Beck, Sofiane Kabiche, Issa-Bella Balde, Sandra Carret, Jean-Eudes Fontan, Salvatore Cisternino, Joël Schlatter
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of pharmaceutical suxamethonium (succinylcholine) solution for injection by validated stability-indicating chromatographic method in vials stored at room temperature. METHODS: The chromatographic assay was achieved by using a detector wavelength set at 218 nm, a C18 column, and an isocratic mobile phase (100% of water) at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min for 5 minutes. The method was validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines with respect to the stability-indicating capacity of the method including linearity, limits of detection and quantitation, precision, accuracy, system suitability, robustness, and forced degradations...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869055/commentary-on-aber-et-al
#6
Sarah Smith, Aissatou Balde, Paul Frisoli, Nina Weisenhorn, Jeannie Annan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867768/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-human-hair-follicle-keratinocytes-as-a-potential-source-for-in-vitro-hair-follicle-cloning
#7
Sheng Jye Lim, Shu Cheow Ho, Pooi Ling Mok, Kian Lee Tan, Alan H K Ong, Seng Chiew Gan
BACKGROUND: Human hair follicles are important for the renewal of new hairs and their development. The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from hair follicles is easy due to its accessibility and availability. The pluripotent cells derived from hair follicles not only have a higher tendency to re-differentiate into hair follicles, but are also more suited for growth in hair scalp tissue microenvironment. METHODS: In this study, human hair follicular keratinocytes were used to generate iPSCs, which were then further differentiated in vitro into keratinocytes...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855472/sternal-resection-for-breast-cancer-metastases
#8
Stefan Sponholz, Natalie Baldes, Moritz Schirren, Selma Oguzhan, Henrik Menke, Joachim Schirren
Background Sternal infiltration of breast cancer (BC) is a rare but known phenomenon. Sternal resection for this cancer is not completely investigated. For this reason, the aim of this study was to examine long-term survival and prognosticators for prolonged survival of our patients after sternal resection. Also, morbidity and mortality were investigated. Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed our prospective database of 20 patients who underwent a sternum resection (partial/complete) for BC in our institution between 2003 and 2014...
November 17, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853485/study-on-the-efficacy-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-in-hair-follicular-unit-transplantation-in-androgenetic-alopecia-patients
#9
Sandeep Mahapatra, Dhruva Kumar, Vignesh Subramanian, Swarup K Chakrabarti, Kaushik D Deb
Objective: Hair loss is a significant problem worldwide. The most common cause of hair loss in men is male androgenetic alopecia, male pattern baldness, which is primarily due to the presence of nonfunctional or dead hair follicles in the scalp. Hair follicular unit transplantation has been a widely used technique to transplant hair follicles into bald areas. Although follicular unit transplantation generally gives satisfactory hair transplantation, efforts have been made to further increase the efficacy of follicular unit transplantation in hair regeneration...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849160/inferences-of-population-structure-and-demographic-history-for-taxodium-distichum-a-coniferous-tree-in-north-america-based-on-amplicon-sequencing-analysis
#10
Yuka Ikezaki, Yoshihisa Suyama, Beth A Middleton, Yoshihiko Tsumura, Kousuke Teshima, Hidenori Tachida, Junko Kusumi
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Studies of natural genetic variation can elucidate the genetic basis of phenotypic variation and the past population structure of species. Our study species, Taxodium distichum, is a unique conifer that inhabits the flood plains and swamps of North America. Morphological and ecological differences in two varieties, T. distichum var. distichum (bald cypress) and T. distichum var. imbricarium (pond cypress), are well known, but little is known about the level of genetic differentiation between the varieties and the demographic history of local populations...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836078/men-s-behavior-surrounding-use-of-contraceptives-in-guinea
#11
Mamadou Diouldé Baldé, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Rachidatou Compaoré, Abdoul Karim Bah, Moazzam Ali, Rita Kabra, Seni Kouanda
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociocultural determinants that influence the attitude and practices of men toward contraceptive use in Guinea. METHODS: A sequential, mixed methods, qualitative and quantitative study was carried out in two regions of Guinea with a low rate of contraceptive prevalence, and in the capital city of Conakry. A total of 1170 people (men and women) were interviewed. RESULTS: Findings showed a positive perception of family planning overall, but reluctance to use modern contraception...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769713/androgens-modify-wnt-agonists-antagonists-expression-balance-in-dermal-papilla-cells-preventing-hair-follicle-stem-cell-differentiation-in-androgenetic-alopecia
#12
Gustavo José Leirós, Julieta María Ceruti, María Lía Castellanos, Ana Gabriela Kusinsky, María Eugenia Balañá
In androgenetic alopecia, androgens impair dermal papilla-induced hair follicle stem cell (HFSC) differentiation inhibiting Wnt signaling. Wnt agonists/antagonists balance was analyzed after dihydrotestosterone (DHT) stimulation in androgen-sensitive dermal papilla cells (DPC) cultured as spheroids or monolayer. In both culture conditions, DHT stimulation downregulated Wnt5a and Wnt10b mRNA while the Wnt antagonist Dkk-1 was upregulated. Notably, tissue architecture of DPC-spheroids lowers Dkk-1 and enhances Wnt agonists' basal expression; probably contributing to DPC inductivity...
January 5, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768939/encoding-of-low-quality-dna-profiles-as-genotype-probability-matrices-for-improved-profile-comparisons-relatedness-evaluation-and-database-searches
#13
K Ryan, D Gareth Williams, David J Balding
Many DNA profiles recovered from crime scene samples are of a quality that does not allow them to be searched against, nor entered into, databases. We propose a method for the comparison of profiles arising from two DNA samples, one or both of which can have multiple donors and be affected by low DNA template or degraded DNA. We compute likelihood ratios to evaluate the hypothesis that the two samples have a common DNA donor, and hypotheses specifying the relatedness of two donors. Our method uses a probability distribution for the genotype of the donor of interest in each sample...
September 21, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768234/infant-bald-patch-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-aplasia-cutis-congenita
#14
LETTER
T Hioki, H Takama, S Makita, M Akiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761091/ahmad-s-nprt-system-a-practical-innovation-for-documenting-male-pattern-baldness
#15
Muhammad Ahmad
Various classifications for male pattern baldness are mentioned in the literature. The 'Norwood's classification is the most commonly used but it has certain limitations. The new system has included 'three' extra features which were not mentioned in any other classification. It provides an opportunity to document the full and correct picture while documenting male pattern baldness. It also aids in assessing the treatment for various degrees of baldness.
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741552/adult-body-size-sexual-history-and-adolescent-sexual-development-may-predict-risk-of-developing-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-new-south-wales-lifestyle-and-evaluation-of-risk-study-clear
#16
Visalini Nair-Shalliker, Sarsha Yap, Carlos Nunez, Sam Egger, Jennifer Rodger, Manish I Patel, Dianne L O'Connell, Freddy Sitas, Bruce K Armstrong, David P Smith
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in men worldwide. The relationships between PC and possible risk factors for PC cases (n = 1,181) and male controls (n = 875) from the New South Wales (NSW) Cancer, Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study (CLEAR) were examined in this study. The associations between PC risk and paternal history of PC, body mass index (BMI), medical conditions, sexual behaviour, balding pattern and puberty, after adjusting for age, income, region of birth, place of residence, and PSA testing, were examined...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741112/the-prognostic-value-of-regional-lymph-node-metastases-in-patients-of-guangdong-province-china-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-a-multicenter-retrospective-clinical-study
#17
Lin-Yun He, Wei-Wei Wang, Balde Alpha Ibrahima, Shuai Han, Zhou Li, Zhai Cai, Miao-Liang Chen, Bao-Zhu Chen, Hui-Shi Tan, Hai-Shan Zeng, Xiao-Li Dai, Min-Wei Zhou, Gang-Qing Zhang, Guo-Xin Li
Although the prognostic value of nodal metastases in differentiated thyroid cancer remains controversial, it is of interest to evaluate and understand the different characteristics of predictive outcomes.A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 215 untreated patients with differentiated thyroid cancer from July 1997 to July 2015 in 4 medical centers of Guangdong Province. A total of 107 patients with nodal metastases (group A) were compared to 108 patients without metastases (group B). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and postoperative complications in both groups were calculated...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727123/diabetes-diagnosis-and-care-in-sub-saharan-africa-pooled-analysis-of-individual-data-from-12-countries
#18
Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Rifat Atun, Andrew Stokes, Alexander Goehler, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Mohamed Msaidie Salimani Hambou, Benjamin Longo Mbenza, Eugène Sobngwi, Naby Balde, Joseph Kibachio Mwangi, Gladwell Gathecha, Paul Waweru Ngugi, C Stanford Wesseh, Albertino Damasceno, Nuno Lunet, Pascal Bovet, Demetre Labadarios, Khangelani Zuma, Mary Mayige, Gibson Kagaruki, Kaushik Ramaiya, Kokou Agoudavi, David Guwatudde, Silver K Bahendeka, Gerald Mutungi, Pascal Geldsetzer, Naomi S Levitt, Joshua A Salomon, John S Yudkin, Sebastian Vollmer, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread recognition that the burden of diabetes is rapidly growing in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, nationally representative estimates of unmet need for diabetes diagnosis and care are in short supply for the region. We use national population-based survey data to quantify diabetes prevalence and met and unmet need for diabetes diagnosis and care in 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We further estimate demographic and economic gradients of met need for diabetes diagnosis and care...
November 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717100/household-experience-and-costs-of-seeking-measles-vaccination-in-rural-guinea-bissau
#19
S Byberg, A B Fisker, A Rodrigues, I Balde, U Enemark, P Aaby, C S Benn, U K Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: Children younger than 12 months of age are eligible for childhood vaccines through the public health system in Guinea-Bissau. To limit open vial wastage, a restrictive vial opening policy has been implemented; 10-dose measles vaccine vials are only opened if six or more children aged 9-11 months are present at the vaccination post. Consequently, mothers who bring their child for measles vaccination can be told to return another day. We aimed to describe the household experience and estimate household costs of seeking measles vaccination in rural Guinea-Bissau...
October 7, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701731/treating-trichotillomania-hair-pulling-disorder-in-a-child
#20
Ivar Snorrason, Michael R Walther, T David Elkin, Douglas W Woods
Although cognitive behavioral treatments (CBTs) have been recommended as first-line interventions for trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder [HPD]), research on CBT for young children with HPD is limited. We illustrate the use of family-based CBT for HPD in an 8-year-old boy. The client had a 5-year history of chronic HPD and several large bald spots on the crown of his head. Treatment primarily comprised habit reversal training (HRT) and function-based interventions. The child showed significant improvement in HPD severity and impairment after 8 weekly sessions, although complete abstinence was not achieved...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
keyword
keyword
26955
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"