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Rumaisa Aljied, Marie-Josée Aubin, Ralf Buhrmann, Saama Sabeti, Ellen E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To provide the frequency and potential determinants of eye care utilization over the last 12 months among Canadians between the ages of 45 and 85 years old. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 30,097 people in the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included being between the ages of 45 and 85 years old, community-dwelling and living near one of the 11 data collection sites across 7 Canadian provinces...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Rumaisa Aljied, Marie-Josée Aubin, Ralf Buhrmann, Saama Sabeti, Ellen E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 30,097 people in the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging METHODS: Inclusion criteria included being between the ages of 45 and 85 years old, community-dwelling, and living near one of the 11 data collection sites across 7 Canadian provinces. People were excluded if they were in an institution, living on a First Nations reserve, were a full-time member of the Canadian Armed Forces, did not speak French or English, or had cognitive impairment...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
V Morton, J M Cheng, D Sharma, A Kearney
As of May 23, 2017, 29 cases of a new Escherichia coli O121 infection have been identified in six provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan) linked with the consumption of uncooked flour. One additional case was identified in a U.S. resident who traveled to Canada during the exposure period. Patients' ages ranged from 2-79 years (median = 23.5 years) and 50% were female. Eight patients were hospitalized, and one developed hemolytic uremic syndrome. Because of the recent emergence of E...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
L Jonah, A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Although there continues to be a global epidemic of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) there has been a decrease in the number of people dying of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), largely due to successful treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of the reported cases of AIDS in Canada by identifying trends by geographic location, sex, age group and mortality. While the descriptive analysis focuses on the year 2016, results are presented for reported cases from the beginning of national AIDS surveillance in 1979...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
S Gasmi, N H Ogden, L R Lindsay, S Burns, S Fleming, J Badcock, S Hanan, C Gaulin, M A Leblanc, C Russell, M Nelder, L Hobbs, S Graham-Derham, L Lachance, A N Scott, E Galanis, J K Koffi
Objective: To summarize seven years of surveillance data for Lyme disease cases reported in Canada from 2009 to 2015. Methods: We describe the incidence over time, seasonal and geographic distribution, demographic and clinical characteristics of reported Lyme disease cases. Logistic regression was used to explore differences between age groups, sex and year to better understand potential demographic risk factors for the occurrence of Lyme disease. Results: The number of reported Lyme disease cases increased more than six-fold, from 144 in 2009 to 917 in 2015, mainly due to an increase in infections acquired in Canada...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
Sabrina Manfredi, Francesco Di Ianni, Nicola Di Girolamo, Sergio Canello, Giacomo Gnudi, Gianandrea Guidetti, Francesca Miduri, Martina Fabbi, Eleonora Daga, Enrico Parmigiani, Sara Centenaro, Antonella Volta
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hip and elbow dysplasia in a group of growing Labrador retrievers fed a fish-based diet enriched with nutraceuticals with chondroprotective properties. The puppies ranged from 3 to 12 mo of age and were divided into 2 groups, each fed a different diet. The control diet consisted of a high quality, chicken-based dog food, while the test diet was a fish-based dog food, enriched with nutraceuticals. Hip and elbow joints were radiographed and scored at 6 and 12 mo of age...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Nouf M AlKusayer, William K Midodzi, Leigh Anne Newhook, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie K Twells
BACKGROUND: The original 17-item Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been validated and widely used to assess attitudes toward breastfeeding. A reduced 13-item version of the IIFAS was recently validated in a Canadian setting. However, cutoff scores for categorization of infant feeding attitudes on both scales have not yet been established. Research Aim: The aim of this study was to determine optimal cut-ff scores predicting infant feeding attitudes and outcomes for the original and reduced IIFASs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
April Hedd, Ingrid L Pollet, Robert A Mauck, Chantelle M Burke, Mark L Mallory, Laura A McFarlane Tranquilla, William A Montevecchi, Gregory J Robertson, Robert A Ronconi, Dave Shutler, Sabina I Wilhelm, Neil M Burgess
Despite their importance in marine food webs, much has yet to be learned about the spatial ecology of small seabirds. This includes the Leach's storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa, a species that is declining throughout its Northwest Atlantic breeding range. In 2013 and 2014, we used global location sensors to track foraging movements of incubating storm-petrels from 7 eastern Canadian breeding colonies. We determined and compared the foraging trip and at-sea habitat characteristics, analysed spatial overlap among colonies, and determined whether colony foraging ranges intersected with offshore oil and gas operations...
2018: PloS One
Aida Sarmiento-Vizcaíno, Julia Espadas, Jesús Martín, Alfredo F Braña, Fernando Reyes, Luis A García, Gloria Blanco
A cultivation-dependent approach revealed that highly diverse populations of Streptomyces were present in atmospheric precipitations from a hailstorm event sampled in February 2016 in the Cantabrian Sea coast, North of Spain. A total of 29 bioactive Streptomyces strains isolated from small samples of hailstone and rainwater, collected from this hailstorm event, were studied here. Taxonomic identification by 16S rRNA sequencing revealed more than 20 different Streptomyces species, with their closest homologs displaying mainly oceanic but also terrestrial origins...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Pardis Pedram, Erfan Aref-Eshghi, Hensley H Mariathas, Oliver Hurley, Marshall Godwin, Pauline Duke, Masoud Mahdavian, Shabnam Asghari
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia, an increased level of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and decreased level of high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. We examined the six-year trend of dyslipidemia in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), a Canadian province with a historically high prevalence of dyslipidemia. METHODS: A serial cross-sectional study on all of the laboratory lipid tests available from 2009 to 2014 was performed...
May 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Paul Groves, Joannie Neveu, Colleen Cook, Phil Murphy, Joan M G Crane
OBJECTIVES: To compare the demographic and clinical characteristics between women who chose elective repeat Caesarean section (ERCS) versus trial of labour after Caesarean section (TOLAC) in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case control study of women with live singleton gestations delivering at term in St. John's, NL between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2014. Inclusion criteria were women who had a previous single lower segment Caesarean section (LSCS)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Josefina Hernández-Nistal, Emilia Labrador, Berta Dopico
In this work, we study the function of the Medicago truncatula ST4, ST5 and ST6 proteins that belong to a protein family of unknown function characterized by the DUF2775 domain. Thus, we analyse their promoter sequence and activity, their transcript accumulation, and their subcellular location. The analysis of the three promoters showed different combination of cis-acting regulatory elements and they presented different activity pattern. Throughout development only ST6 mRNAs have been detected in most of the stages analysed, while ST4 was faintly detected in the roots and in the flowers and ST5 was always absent...
April 21, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Matthew B Menary, Leon Hermanson
The northern North Atlantic is important globally both through its impact on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and through widespread atmospheric teleconnections. The region has been shown to be potentially predictable a decade ahead with the skill of decadal predictions assessed against reanalyses of the ocean state. Here, we show that the prediction skill in this region is strongly dependent on the choice of reanalysis used for validation, and describe the causes. Multiannual skill in key metrics such as Labrador Sea density and the AMOC depends on more than simply the choice of the prediction model...
April 27, 2018: Nature Communications
Colin M McGill, Patrick L Tomco, Regina M Ondrasik, Kaitlyn C Belknap, Gaelen K Dwyer, Daniel J Quinlan, Thomas A Kircher, Cheryl P Andam, Timothy J Brown, David F Claxton, Brian M Barth
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematological malignancy that is one of the more common pediatric malignancies in addition to occurring with high incidence in the aging population. Unfortunately, these patient groups are quite sensitive to toxicity from chemotherapy. Northern Labrador tea, or Rhododendron tomentosum Harmaja (a.k.a. Ledum palustre subsp. decumbens) or "tundra tea," is a noteworthy medicinal plant used by indigenous peoples in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland to treat a diversity of ailments...
April 27, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Angelo Gazzano, Asahi Ogi, Beatrice Torracca, Chiara Mariti, Lucia Casini
Aim of this study was to evaluate the plasma ratio between l-tryptophan (TRP) and five large neutral amino acids (isoleucine + leucine + phenylalanine + tyrosine + valine) (5LNAAs) after a single meal with high carbohydrates level. Five female Labrador Retrievers were involved. Each dog was fed three different meals: M1 (a mix of puffed rice, minced meat and olive oil), M2 (puffed rice and olive oil) and M3 (commercial dry food usually consumed) once in the morning per day for 30 days. Blood was collected right before the first meal (t0) and after 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 24 h...
April 25, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Frano KrŠiniĆ
An investigation of large tintinnids was carried out during the Arctic-Antarctic cruise aboard the S/V "Croatian Tern" in the period from 1994 to 1997. Samples were collected at 33 stations by vertical tows with a Nansen net with a 53 µm mesh size in the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic, Labrador Sea, Baffin Bay, the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering Seas, East North Pacific, South Pacific, South East Pacific, Scotia Sea, and South West Atlantic. A total of 47 species of tintinnids were found, with the greatest diversity in the Tropical areas of the Pacific, Arctic and Subarctic...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Dixon T S Woon, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Lorne Aaron, Naveen S Basappa, Kim N Chi, Henry J Conter, Brita Danielson, Sebastien J Hotte, Shawn Malone, Fred Saad, Bobby Shayegan, Laura Park-Wyllie, Robert J Hamilton
Ahead of print article withdrawn by publisher.
April 12, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Roger Chafe, Rana Aslanova, Omer Hamud, Peter Gregory, Leigh Anne Newhook
Background: Adolescent self-harm by drug ingestion (i.e., self-poisoning) is a serious mental health issue. In Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), paediatricians suspected an increase in the number of adolescents hospitalized due to self-poisoning in the province. Our primary aim was to evaluate the number of hospital admissions of adolescents for self-poisoning between 2008 and 2013 to determine whether there was indeed an increase in hospitalizations. We also wanted to examine the characteristics of these admissions to better understand this patient population...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
Sonia C Labrador-Velandia, María R Sanabria
SIGNIFICANCE: The present study provides quantitative data regarding the change of indications of fluorescein angiography in a tertiary hospital. Exhaustively compiled data over more than 10 years concerning all the angiographic studies including diagnosis, first-visit/follow-up, possible relation with antiangiogenics approval, and optic coherence tomography (OCT) are presented. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and indications of fluorescein angiography before and after OCT and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment implantation...
May 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
T Preston, A P Wills
Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n=6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n=6)...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
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