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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166576/the-beneficial-health-aspects-of-sea-buckthorn-elaeagnus-rhamnoides-l-a-nelson-oil
#1
REVIEW
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161660/molecular-mechanisms-of-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-chrysophanol-an-active-component-of-ast2017-01-on-atopic-dermatitis-in-vitro-models
#2
Hyun-Ja Jeong, Hee-Yun Kim, Hyung-Min Kim
AST2017-01 mainly consists of Rumex crispus and -Cordyceps militaris and has been widely consumed as an herbal medicine or functional food in Korea. Here we investigated the influences of AST2017-01 and its active component, chrysophanol on human mast cell (HMC-1 cell) and human keratinocyte (HaCaT cell)-mediated inflammatory reactions. Pretreatment with AST2017-01 or chrysophanol suppressed intracellular calcium levels and histamine release in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)-treated HMC-1 cells...
November 18, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156939/phenolic-compounds-as-natural-and-multifunctional-anti-obesity-agents-a-review
#3
Celia Rodríguez-Pérez, Antonio Segura-Carretero, María Del Mar Contreras
Prevalence of obesity worldwide has reached pandemic proportions. Despite the increasing evidence in the implication of phenolic compounds in obesity management, the real effect is not completely understood. The available in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the implication of phenolic compounds in: lowering food intake, decreasing lipogenesis, increasing lipolysis, stimulating fatty acids β-oxidation, inhibiting adipocyte differentiation and growth, attenuating inflammatory responses and suppress oxidative stress...
November 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155077/subchronic-oral-toxicity-study-of-korean-red-ginseng-extract-in-sprague-dawley-rats-with-a-4-week-recovery-period
#4
Sang-Jin Park, JeongHo Noh, Eun Ju Jeong, Yong-Soon Kim, Byung-Cheol Han, Seung-Ho Lee, Kyoung-Sik Moon
Ginseng is a major herbal remedy used in Asian countries for thousands of years and known to restore and enhance vital energy. Korean red ginseng, which is processed by steaming and drying fresh Panax ginseng, is most popular and contains unique ginsenosides, which have anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was carried out to evaluate the repeated oral dose toxicity of Korean red ginseng extract. The test article was administered orally once a day to male and female Sprague-Dawley rats at dose levels of 0, 500, 1000, or 2000 mg/kg/day for 13 consecutive weeks (15 animals/sex/group in the vehicle control and 2000 mg/kg/day groups, and 10 animals/sex/group in the 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day groups)...
November 16, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152632/a-combination-of-quercetin-and-resveratrol-reduces-obesity-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats-by-modulation-of-gut-microbiota
#5
Le Zhao, Qi Zhang, Weini Ma, Feng Tian, Hongyi Shen, Mingmei Zhou
Resveratrol and quercetin, widely found in foods and vegetables, are plant polyphenols reported to have a wide range of biological activities. Despite their limited bioavailabilities, both resveratrol and quercetin are known to exhibit anti-inflammation and anti-obesity effects. We hypothesized that gut microbiota may be a potential target for resveratrol and quercetin to prevent the development of obesity. The aim of this research was to confirm whether a combination of quercetin and resveratrol (CQR) could restore the gut microbiota dysbiosis induced by a high-fat diet (HFD)...
November 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152127/minocycline-treatment-increases-resistance-to-oxidative-stress-and-extends-lifespan-in-drosophila-via-foxo
#6
Gang Jun Lee, Jin Ju Lim, Seogang Hyun
Minocycline is a semi-synthetic tetracycline derivative antibiotic that has received increasing attention for its non-antibiotic properties, mainly anti-inflammatory, tumor-suppressive, and neuroprotective effects. Drosophila is a widely used genetically tractable model organism for studying organismal aging by virtue of its short lifespan and ease of cultivation. In this study, we examined the effects of minocycline on Drosophila lifespan and its associated traits. Minocycline-supplemented food significantly extended lifespan in both Canton S and w(1118) Drosophila strains...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151925/phycocyanin-a-potential-drug-for-cancer-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Liangqian Jiang, Yujuan Wang, Qifeng Yin, Guoxiang Liu, Huihui Liu, Yajing Huang, Bing Li
Phycocyanin isolated from marine organisms has the characteristics of high efficiency and low toxicity, and it can be used as a functional food. It has been reported that phycocyanin has anti-oxidative function, anti-inflammatory activity, anti-cancer function, immune enhancement function, liver and kidney protection pharmacological effects. Thus, phycocyanin has an important development and utilization as a potential drug, and phycocyanin has become a new hot spot in the field of drug research. So far, there are more and more studies have shown that phycocyanin has the anti-cancer effect, which can block the proliferation of cancer cells and kill cancer cells...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151835/opuntia-humifusa-modulates-morphological-changes-characteristic-of-asthma-via-il-4-and-il-13-in-an-asthma-murine-model
#8
Soon-Young Lee, Chun-Sik Bae, Young-Hoon Choi, Nam-Sook Seo, Chang-Su Na, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Seung Sik Cho, Dae-Hun Park
Asthma is a chronic pulmonary disease that affects an estimated 235 million people worldwide, but asthma drugs have many adverse effects. Opuntia humifusa (eastern prickly pear) has been used as a food and traditional medicine worldwide; however, its anti-asthmatic effects have not been reported. We evaluated O. humifusa as a potential therapeutic or preventive component of anti-asthmatic drugs. We divided ovalbumin-sensitized mice into the following groups: normal control, asthma-induced control, dexamethasone-treated group (positive control), 50 mg/kg O...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149031/anti-inflammatory-and-antinociceptive-effects-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-an-edible-red-macroalgae-sarcodia-ceylanica
#9
Chieh-Chih Shih, Hwong-Ru Hwang, Chi-I Chang, Huei-Meei Su, Pei-Chin Chen, Hsiao-Mei Kuo, Pei-Jyuan Li, Hui-Min David Wang, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Yu-Chi Lin, Shi-Ying Huang, Zhi-Hong Wen
Research so far has only shown that edible red macroalgae, Sarcodia ceylanica has the ability to eliminate free radicals and anti-diabetic, anti-bacterial properties. This study was conducted both in vitro and in vivo on the ethyl acetate extract (PD1) of farmed red macroalgae in order to explore its anti-inflammatory properties. In order to study the in vitro anti-inflammatory effects of PD1, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce inflammatory responses in murine macrophages. For evaluating the potential in vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of PD1, we used carrageenan-induced rat paw edema to produce inflammatory pain...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146324/antioxidative-potentially-anti-inflammatory-and-antidiabetic-properties-as-well-as-oxidative-stability-and-acceptability-of-cakes-supplemented-with-elicited-basil
#10
Urszula Złotek
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of addition of basil elicited with jasmonic acid (JA) on the biological properties, oxidative stability, and sensory quality of cakes. Simulated gastrointestinal digestion was used for determination of bioavailability. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic potential of fortified cakes were significantly higher than those of the control cakes. The antioxidant activity of the tested cakes was increased after addition of basil, proportionally to the amount of the additive...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143878/sensitive-mass-spectrometric-assay-for-determination-of-15-deoxy-%C3%AE-12-14-prostaglandin-j2-and-its-application-in-human-plasma-samples-of-patients-with-diabetes
#11
Jakob Morgenstern, Thomas Fleming, Ivelina Kadiyska, Sebastian Brings, Jan Benedikt Groener, Peter Nawroth, Markus Hecker, Maik Brune
The determination of individual prostaglandins (PG) in humans is mainly performed in urine samples. The quantification of PGs in human plasma could improve the understanding of particular PG species under various physiological and pathological conditions. 15-Deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) is a dehydrated downstream product of PGD2 and is of high interest due to its recently discovered anti-inflammatory effects. Increasing availability of highly sensitive mass spectrometry allows the quantification of low abundant biomarkers like 15d-PGJ2 in human plasma samples...
November 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143786/dietary-factors-associated-with-plasma-thyroid-peroxidase-and-thyroglobulin-antibodies
#12
Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Marijana Popović, Bernarda Lozić, Maja Barbalić, Vesna Boraska Perica, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
The knowledge about dietary habits and their influence in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease is insufficient. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of dietary factors and plasma thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab). The study enrolled 1887 participants originating from the South Croatia. Participants with elevated plasma TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab were defined as cases (n = 462) and those with TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab within referent values were defined as controls (n = 1425)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142396/antioxidant-and-cholinesterase-inhibitory-activities-of-ethyl-acetate-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-cell-free-in-vitro-and-in-silico-studies
#13
Mohamed Asik Rajmohamed, Suganthy Natarajan, Premkumar Palanisamy, Akbarsha Mohammad Abdulkader, Archunan Govindaraju
Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder clinically characterized by memory loss and impaired cognitive function. Cholinergic enzyme deficiency and oxidative stress are the two major factors implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. The symptomatic treatment, as of now, is the use of cholinesterase inhibitors toward cholinergic "downturn." Therefore, there is a search for compounds that will be useful in focused therapies. There has been suggestion that Terminalia chebula fruit would be a potential source...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141671/inhibiting-the-microglia-activation-improves-the-spatial-memory-and-adult-neurogenesis-in-rat-hippocampus-during-48%C3%A2-h-of-sleep-deprivation
#14
Meetu Wadhwa, Amit Prabhakar, Koushik Ray, Koustav Roy, Punita Kumari, Prabhash Kumar Jha, Krishna Kishore, Sanjeev Kumar, Usha Panjwani
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation (SD) leads to cognitive impairment. Neuroinflammation could be a significant contributing factor in the same. An increase in regional brain pro-inflammatory cytokines induces cognitive deficits, however, the magnitude of the effect under SD is not apparent. It is plausible that microglia activation could be involved in the SD-induced cognitive impairment by modulation of neuronal cell proliferation, differentiation, and brain-derived neuronal factor (BDNF) level...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141570/effect-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-table-olives-on-the-immune-inflammatory-responses-potential-clinical-applications
#15
Caterina Maria Gambino, Giulia Accardi, Anna Aiello, Giuseppina Candore, Giovanni Dara-Guccione, Mario Mirisola, Antonio Procopio, Giusi Taormina, Calogero Caruso
Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the common element between the Mediterranean countries. It can be considered a nutraceutical and functional food, thanks to its bioactive compounds. It can act and modulate different processes linked to ageing and age-related diseases related to a common chronic low grade inflammation. Depending on the cultivar, the growth conditions, the period of harvesting, the productive process and time of product storage, EVOO could contain different amount of vegetal components. Of course, the same is for table olives...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141545/main-isoflavones-found-in-dietary-sources-as-natural-anti-inflammatory-agents
#16
Corina Danciu, Stefana Avram, Ioana Pavel, Roxana Ghiulai, Cristina Dehelean, Alexa Ersilia, Daliana Minda, Cristina Petrescu, Elena Moaca, Codruta Soica
BACKGROUND: Isoflavones are natural compounds belonging to the class of isoflavonoids, molecules with a chemical structure based on the 3-phenyl chromen-4-one backbone. As a particular element, the isoflavones are called also phytoestrogens, due to the structural similarity with 17-β estradiol, the primary female sex hormone, presenting both estrogen-agonist and estrogen-antagonist properties. This class of secondary plant metabolites has been extensively reported in the literature for a wide range of therapeutic activities including antioxidant, chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, antibacterial, cardio preventive effects...
November 9, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140733/proinflammatory-dietary-intake-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-argentina-using-a-multilevel-modeling-approach
#17
Camila Niclis, Sonia A Pou, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Susan E Steck, María Del Pilar Díaz
Little evidence regarding the inflammatory potential of diet and its effect on colorectal cancer exists in Latin American countries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Córdoba, Argentina. A frequency-matched case-control study (N = 446, including 144 (32.3%) CRC cases and 302 (67.7%) controls was conducted in Córdoba (Argentina) from 2008 through 2015. DII® scores were computed based on dietary intake assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
November 15, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140275/old-fashioned-vs-ultra-processed-based-current-diets-possible-implication-in-the-increased-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#18
REVIEW
Sandra V Aguayo-Patrón, Ana M Calderón de la Barca
Ultra-processed foods are ready-to-heat and ready-to-eat products created to replace traditional homemade meals and dishes due to convenience and accessibility. Because of their low-fiber and high-fat and sugar composition, these foodstuffs could induce a negative impact on health. They are partially responsible for obesity and chronic non-transmissible diseases; additionally, they could impact in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The rationale is that the nutritional composition of ultra-processed foodstuffs can induce gut dysbiosis, promoting a pro-inflammatory response and consequently, a "leaky gut"...
November 15, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139477/a-dietary-flavone-confers-communicable-protection-against-colitis-through-nlrp6-signaling-independently-of-inflammasome-activation
#19
K Radulovic, S Normand, A Rehman, A Delanoye-Crespin, J Chatagnon, M Delacre, N Waldschmitt, L F Poulin, J Iovanna, B Ryffel, P Rosenstiel, M Chamaillard
Flavones represent a class of polyphenols that are found in many plant-derived food sources. Herein, we provide evidence that the anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative effect of the flavone apigenin relies on the regulation of the gut microbiota by the NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 6 (Nlrp6). When challenged by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water, mice were protected against colitis upon cohousing with apigenin-treated animals. In contrast, the protective effect was lost in the absence of Nlrp6...
November 15, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137113/integrated-evaluation-of-the-potential-health-benefits-of-einkorn-based-breads
#20
Fabiana Antognoni, Roberto Mandrioli, Alessandra Bordoni, Mattia Di Nunzio, Blanca Viadel, Elisa Gallego, María Paz Villalba, Lidia Tomás-Cobos, Danielle Laure Taneyo Saa, Andrea Gianotti
Nowadays the high nutritional value of whole grains is recognized, and there is an increasing interest in the ancient varieties for producing wholegrain food products with enhanced nutritional characteristics. Among ancient crops, einkorn could represent a valid alternative. In this work, einkorn flours were analyzed for their content in carotenoids and in free and bound phenolic acids, and compared to wheat flours. The most promising flours were used to produce conventional and sourdough fermented breads. Breads were in vitro digested, and characterized before and after digestion...
November 11, 2017: Nutrients
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