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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665251/human-periodontal-fibroblasts-viability-stored-in-custodiol-%C3%A2-coconut-water-and-propolis-an-ex-vivo-study
#1
Lama Awawdeh, Rana Naman Haimour, Suhad Hussein Al-Jundi, Khaled Al-Qaoud
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Successful replantation of an avulsed tooth depends on the regeneration of periodontal ligament (PDL) attachment which is affected by the transport medium, dry time and storage time. Various storage media have been studied but the search for the optimum storage medium is still needed to determine the ideal material and storage time to maintain PDL cells. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of Custodiol® , coconut water from different stages of maturity and propolis as storage media for avulsed teeth by evaluating the viability of PDL cells for different time intervals...
April 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660792/in-vitro-bioaccessibility-of-colored-carotenoids-in-tomato-derivatives-as-affected-by-ripeness-stage-and-the-addition-of-different-types-of-oil
#2
Sandra González-Casado, Olga Martín-Belloso, Pedro Elez-Martínez, Robert Soliva-Fortuny
The simultaneous effect of tomato ripeness stage (mature green, pink, and red-ripe), mechanical processing (dicing and grinding), and oil addition (coconut, sunflower, and olive oils) on the amount and bioaccessible fraction of carotenoids were evaluated. Tomato products obtained from fruits at the most advanced ripeness stage exhibited the greatest values of both concentration and bioaccessible fraction of total carotenoids and lycopene. The type of processing also exerted an important influence on carotenoids content, as well as on its bioaccessibility...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658050/aggregation-pheromone-of-the-bearded-weevil-rhinostomus-barbirostris-coleoptera-curculionidae-identification-synthesis-absolute-configuration-and-bioactivity
#3
Analú C Reis, Palmira L S Neta, Jéssica P Jordão, José Inácio L Moura, Diogo M Vidal, Paulo H G Zarbin, Carla F Fávaro
The bearded weevil, Rhinostomus barbirostris (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Dryophthorinae), attacks coconut trees, oil palms and other species of Arecaceae. Besides direct damage, R. barbirostris may be a vector of diseases in coconut and oil palms, such as stem bleeding (resinosis) and red ring disease. Currently, the only method to control this weevil is by visual observation of damage and removal of infected plants. Semiochemical-based trapping could improve the effectiveness of monitoring and management of R...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642679/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-combination-of-plant-oils-on-performance-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-deposition-of-broilers
#4
Shenfei Long, Yetong Xu, Chunlin Wang, Changlian Li, Dewen Liu, Xiang-Shu Piao
Objective: This study was to evaluate effects of mixed plant oils [identified as mixed oil 1 (MO1) and mixed oil 2 (MO2)] on performance, serum composition, viscera percentages, meat quality, and fatty acid deposition of broilers. Methods: A total of 126 one-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks (weighing 44.91 ± 0.92 g) were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments with 7 replicate pens per treatment (6 broilers per pen). Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean basal diet supplemented with 3% soybean oil (CTR), basal diet with 3% MO1 (a mixture of 15% corn oil, 10% coconut oil, 15% linseed oil, 20% palm oil, 15% peanut oil and 25% soybean oil; MO1), or basal diet with 3% MO2 (a combination of 50% MO1 and 50% extruded corn; MO2)...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623233/hydrolysis-activity-of-virgin-coconut-oil-using-lipase-from-different-sources
#5
T A V Nguyen, Truong D Le, Hoa N Phan, Lam B Tran
Two types of lipase, Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) and porcine pancreas lipase (PPL), were used to hydrolyze virgin coconut oil (VCO). The hydrolysis process was carried out under four parameters, VCO to buffer ratio, lipase concentration, pH, and temperature, which have a significant effect on hydrolysis of lipase. CRL obtained the best hydrolysis condition at 1 : 5 of VCO to buffer ratio, 1.5% of CRL concentration, pH 7, and temperature of 40°C. Meanwhile, PPL gave different results at 1 : 4 of VCO to buffer ratio, 2% of lipase concentration, pH 7...
2018: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622189/physicochemical-and-functional-properties-of-coconut-cocos-nucifera-l-cake-dietary-fibres-effects-of-cellulase-hydrolysis-acid-treatment-and-particle-size-distribution
#6
Yajun Zheng, Yan Li
Effects of cellulase hydrolysis, acid treatment and particle size distribution on the structure, physicochemical and functional properties of coconut cake dietary fiber (DCCDF) were studied. Results showed that both the cellulase hydrolysis and acid treatment contributed to the structural modification of DCCDF as evident from XRD, FT-IR and SEM analysis. Moreover, the cellulase hydrolysis enhanced soluble carbohydrate content, water holding capacity (WHC) and swelling capacity (WSC), α-amylase inhibition activity (α-AAIR), glucose dialysis retardation index (GDRI) and cation-exchange capacity (CEC) of DCCDF; but it had undesirable effects on colour, oil holding capacity (OHC) and emulsifying capacity (EC)...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606768/combination-of-peracetic-acid-and-ultrasound-reduces-salmonella-typhimurium-on-fresh-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-l-var-crispa
#7
Luiza Oliveira Silveira, Denes Kaic Alves do Rosário, Ana Carolina Garcia Giori, Syllas Borburema Silva Oliveira, Yhan da Silva Mutz, Clara Suprani Marques, Jussara Moreira Coelho, Patrícia Campos Bernardes
Salmonella outbreaks related to fruits and vegetables have been reported being lettuce one of the most contaminated. Peracetic acid (PA) at 50 mg/L, sodium dichloroisocyanurate (SD) at 100 mg/L, and the combination of SD at 100 mg/L and babaçu coconut ( Attalea speciosa ) oil detergent at 100 mg/L were applied to fresh lettuce. Natural contaminant microbiota, physicochemical characteristics, and sensory attributes were evaluated. PA and SD reduced mesophilic aerobic counts by 2.1 and 1.5 log cfu/g, respectively...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601520/ageing-study-of-palm-oil-and-coconut-oil-in-the-presence-of-insulation-paper-for-transformers-application
#8
Nur Aqilah Mohamad, Norhafiz Azis, Jasronita Jasni, Mohd Zainal Abidin Ab Kadir, Robiah Yunus, Zaini Yaakub
This paper presents a sealed ageing study of palm oil (PO) and coconut oil (CO) in the presence of insulation paper. The type of PO under study is refined, bleached, and deodorized palm oil (RBDPO) olein. Three different variations of RBDPO and one sample of CO are aged at temperatures of 90 °C, 110 °C, and 130 °C. The properties of RBDPO and CO as well as paper under ageing are then analysed through dielectric and physicochemical measurements. It is found that the effect of ageing is not significant on the alternating current (AC) breakdown voltages and relative permittivities of RBDPO and CO...
March 30, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584924/an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-weight-gain-of-very-low-birth-weight-babies-with-or-without-addition-of-coconut-oil-to-breast-milk
#9
Sumitha Arun, Manish Kumar, Thomas Paul, Nihal Thomas, Sarah Mathai, Grace Rebekah, Niranjan Thomas
Background: Nutritional guidelines involving the feeding of very low birth weight babies (VLBW) recommend addition of Human Milk Fortifiers to breast milk. Owing to financial constraints, it is a practice in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) to add coconut oil to aid better weight gain. There are inadequate data on improvement of growth parameters with oral coconut oil supplementation of breast milk. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, we measured growth parameters and body composition of 60 babies who received either breast milk with coconut oil or breast milk alone...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572151/fire-resistant-behaviour-of-cellulosic-textile-functionalized-with-wastage-plant-bio-molecules-a-comparative-scientific-report
#10
Santanu Basak, S Wazed Ali
Three different wastage plant based bio-molecules named banana peel powder (Musa acuminata) (BPP), coconut shell (Cocos nucifera) extract (CSE) and pomegranate rind (Punica granatum) extract (PRE) have been explored as fire resistant material on the cellulosic polymer (cotton fabric). To this end, extracts have been applied to the cotton fabric in different concentration at elevated temperature for specific time period. Treated cotton fabric showed 6 (BPP), 8.5 (CSE) and 12 (PRE) times lower vertical burning rate compared to the control cotton fabric...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571497/influence-of-indigenous-minor-components-on-fat-crystal-network-of-fully-hydrogenated-palm-kernel-oil-and-fully-hydrogenated-coconut-oil
#11
Xiu-Hang Chai, Zong Meng, Pei-Rang Cao, Xin-Yu Liang, Michael Piatko, Shawn Campbell, Seong Koon Lo, Yuan-Fa Liu
Purification of triglycerides from fully hydrogenated palm kernel oil (FHPKO) and fully hydrogenated coconut oil (FHCNO) was performed by a chromatographic method. Lipid composition, thermal properties, polymorphism, isothermal crystallization behaviour, nanostructure and microstructure of FHPKO, FHPKO-triacylglycerol (TAG), FHCNO and FHCNO-TAG were evaluated. Removal of minor components had no effect on triglycerides composition. However, the presence of the minor components did increase the slip melting point and promote onset of crystallization...
July 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570799/ketogenic-diet-based-on-extra-virgin-coconut-oil-has-no-effects-in-young-wistar-rats-with-pilocarpine-induced-epilepsy
#12
Isabelle T Melo, Elisabete M Rêgo, Nassib B Bueno, Tâmara C Gomes, Suzana L Oliveira, Euclides M Trindade-Filho, Cyro R Cabral-Jr, Tacy S Machado, Jaqueline A Galvão, Terezinha R Ataide
This study evaluated the effects of a ketogenic diet (KD) based on extra virgin coconut oil (Cocos nucifera L., VCO), on the treatment of epileptic rats. Two sets of experiments were conducted. First, male Wistar rats underwent induction of status epilepticus (SE) with the administration of pilocarpine intraperitoneally 21 animals reached spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRS) and were randomly allocated to the dietary regimens and video-monitored for 19 days. In the second experiment, 24 animals were randomized immediately after the induction of SE and followed for 67 days...
March 23, 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570447/aged-coconut-oil-with-a-high-peroxide-value-induces-oxidative-stress-and-tissue-damage-in-mercury-treated-rats
#13
Sunny O Abarikwu, Rex-Clovis C Njoku, Chigozie L Onuah
BACKGROUND: Exposure to mercury (Hg) and the ingestion of peroxidized edible oil represent a health risk. This study evaluated the effects of peroxidized coconut oil (CO) on the liver and kidney of rats treated with Hg. METHODS: Male albino Wistar rats were administered HgCl2 and CO separately or as a combination for 21 days. The concentrations of glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), which were used as markers of oxidative stress were measured in the liver and kidney homogenates...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567735/complete-and-assembled-genome-sequence-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serotype-senftenberg-n17-509-a-strain-lacking-salmonella-pathogen-island-1
#14
Marc J A Stevens, Katrin Zurfluh, Denise Althaus, Sabrina Corti, Angelika Lehner, Roger Stephan
The genome of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Senftenberg N17-509, a strain isolated from desiccated coconut, was sequenced using single-molecule real-time sequencing. It consists of a 5.1-Mbp chromosome and a 29-kb linear plasmid.
March 22, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558429/antioxidant-activity-of-coconut-cocos-nucifera-l-protein-fractions
#15
Yan Li, Yajun Zheng, Yufeng Zhang, Jianguo Xu, Gang Gao
Coconut cake is an abundant and good potential edible protein source. However, until now it has not been extensively used in the food industry. To promote its usage, the characterization, nutrition value and antioxidant activity of coconut cake protein fractions (albumin, globulin, prolamine, glutelin-1 and glutelin-2) were studied. Results revealed that all the albumin, globulin, glutelin-1 and glutelin-2 fractions showed a high nutrition value. The prolamine, glutelin-1 and glutelin-2 all exhibited good radical scavenging activity and reducing power, and the globulin and prolamine showed high ion chelating ability (89...
March 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555256/preparation-and-standardization-of-mathan-tailam-a-classical-siddha-formulation-for-diabetic-ulcerative-wound-healing
#16
R Arunadevi, R Susila, S Murugammal, S Divya
BACKGROUND: Increasing popularity of Mathan Tailam (mattan tailam, pachai ennai) for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer necessitated standardization and quality control of this medicated oil both in large scale production and quality check in marketed drug. OBJECTIVE: Present study aims to develop standard operating procedure for the preparation of Mathan Tailam as per Siddha Formulary of India and its standardization using suitable analytical techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mathan Tailam was prepared as per Siddha Formulary of India...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551194/vegetative-compatibility-and-phenotypic-characterization-as-a-means-of-determining-genetic-diversity-of-aspergillus-flavus-isolates
#17
Alfred Mitema, Sheila Okoth, Mohamed S Rafudeen
Toxigenic Aspergillus species produce mycotoxins that are carcinogenic, hepatotoxic and teratogenic immunosuppressing agents in both human and animals. Kenya frequently experiences outbreaks of aflatoxicosis with the worst occurring in 2010, which resulted in 215 deaths. We examined the possible reasons for these frequent aflatoxicosis outbreaks in Kenya by studying Aspergillus flavus diversity, phenotypes and mycotoxin profiles across various agricultural regions. Using diagonal transect random sampling, maize kernels were collected from Makueni, Homa Bay, Nandi, and Kisumu counties...
April 2018: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549804/photobiological-effect-of-laser-or-led-light-in-a-thermophilic-microbial-consortium
#18
Pedro Jorge Louro Crugeira, Gustavo M Pires-Santos, Susana C P S de Oliveira, Fernando José Pires Sampaio, Neandder Andrade Correia, Sandra R C de A Fagnani, Fabio Alexandre Chinalia, Paulo Fernando de Almeida, Antônio L B Pinheiro
Cellulose has a highly diversified architecture and its enzymatic complexes are studied for achieving an efficient conversion and a high level of efficiency in the deconstruction of cellulolytic biomass into sugars. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of Laser or LED light in the cellulolytic activity (CMCase) and on the proliferation of the thermophilic microbial consortium used on the degradation process of a lignocellulosic biomass of green coconut shell. The irradiation protocol consisted of six Laser irradiations (λ660 ηm, 40 mW, 270 s, 13 J/cm2 ) or LED (λ632 ± 2 ηm, 145 mW, 44 s, 13 J/cm2 ) with 12- h time intervals in nutrient deprivation conditions...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529463/functionalized-carbon-dot-adorned-coconut-shell-char-derived-green-catalysts-for-the-rapid-synthesis-of-amidoalkyl-naphthols
#19
Divya P Narayanan, Sudha Kochiyil Cherikallinmel, Sugunan Sankaran, Binitha N Narayanan
A one pot synthesis of carbon dot incorporated porous coconut shell char derived sulphonated catalyst is reported here for the first time and is effectively used in the multicomponent synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthol. Macroporous nature of the char is revealed from scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis, whereas the dispersion of carbon dots (CDs) on the porous coconut shell char is confirmed from the high resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) analysis. Fluorescence emission spectrum further confirmed the presence of CDs in the catalyst...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529321/supplementing-goat-kids-with-coconut-medium-chain-fatty-acids-in-early-life-influences-growth-and-rumen-papillae-development-until-4-months-after-supplementation-but-effects-on-in-vitro-methane-emissions-and-the-rumen-microbiota-are-transient
#20
S Debruyne, A Ruiz-González, E Artiles-Ortega, B Ampe, W Van Den Broeck, E De Keyser, L Vandaele, K Goossens, V Fievez
The aim of this study was to investigate the methane (CH4) reducing potential of a combination of pre- and/or postnatal treatment with coconut oil medium chain fatty acids (CO MCFA) in goat kids. The hypothesis is that influencing rumen function during early life has more chances for success than in the adult life, related to the resilience of the mature rumen microbiota. Forty-eight pregnant does were split into 2 experimental groups: treated does (D+) received 40 g/d of CO MCFA in a test compound feed, while control does (D-) received a control compound feed, during the last 3 wk of gestation...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
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