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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045652/influence-of-pupation-substrate-on-mass-production-and-fitness-of-adult-anastrepha-obliqua-macquart-diptera-tephritidae-for-sterile-insect-technique-application
#1
Marysol Aceituno-Medina, José Pedro Rivera-Ciprian, Emilio Hernández, Anthony Clarke
Tephritid mass-rearing systems require an artificial substrate for pupation. Pupation substrate characteristics influence the quality of insects produced. Coconut fiber, as an alternative to the conventional pupation substrate vermiculite, was evaluated for Anastrepha obliqua Macquart (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupation behavior (pupation patterns, distribution, respiration rate, and pupal weight) and adult fitness (adult eclosion time, flight ability, and male mating competitiveness). Pupation percentage at 24 h, pupal weight, and flight ability were not significantly affected by substrate type...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035830/hypolipemiant-and-antioxidant-effects-of-eugenia-brasiliensis-in-an-animal-model-of-coconut-oil-induced-hypertriglyceridemia
#2
Aline Barbosa Lima, Daniela Delwing-de Lima, Mariana Ramos Vieira, Marina Zordan Poletto, Débora Delwing-Dal Magro, Sara Cristiane Barauna, Michele Debiasi Alberton, Eduardo Manoel Pereira, Nariana Regina Pereira, Eloise Mariane Salamaia, Diogo Alexandre Siebert
We investigated the effects of chronic administration of crude hydroalcoholic extract (CHE) and crude acetone extract (CAE) obtained from leaves of Eugenia brasiliensis species on hypertriglyceridemia and oxidative stress caused by the chronic administration of coconut oil. Rats received CHE or CAE (50, 100 or 150mg/kg, orally) for 30days, plus coconut oil (2mL, orally) or saline for 15th. Triglyceride levels, liver cell lipid accumulation, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBA-RS), total sulfhydryl content and the activities of antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were evaluated in the blood and liver of rats...
October 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033850/designing-dietary-recommendations-using-system-level-interactomics-analysis-and-network-based-inference
#3
Tingting Zheng, Yueqiong Ni, Jun Li, Billy K C Chow, Gianni Panagiotou
Background: A range of computational methods that rely on the analysis of genome-wide expression datasets have been developed and successfully used for drug repositioning. The success of these methods is based on the hypothesis that introducing a factor (in this case, a drug molecule) that could reverse the disease gene expression signature will lead to a therapeutic effect. However, it has also been shown that globally reversing the disease expression signature is not a prerequisite for drug activity. On the other hand, the basic idea of significant anti-correlation in expression profiles could have great value for establishing diet-disease associations and could provide new insights into the role of dietary interventions in disease...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028577/co2-adsorption-at-nitrogen-doped-carbons-prepared-by-k2co3-activation-of-urea-modified-coconut-shell
#4
Limin Yue, Qiongzhang Xia, Liwei Wang, Linlin Wang, Herbert DaCosta, Jie Yang, Xin Hu
This article reports on the synthesis and characterization of porous nitrogen-doped carbons synthesized by carbonization of coconut shell followed by urea modification and K2CO3 activation. The as-synthesized samples were carefully characterized by various techniques. This series of samples demonstrate high CO2 uptake at 1bar, up to 3.71mmol/g at 25°C in addition to 5.12mmol/g at 0°C. Furthermore, these sorbents possess fast CO2 adsorption kinetics, stable reusability, moderate heat of CO2 adsorption, reasonable CO2/N2 selectivity, and high dynamic CO2 capture capacity under simulated flue gas conditions...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028574/gravity-directed-separation-of-both-immiscible-and-emulsified-oil-water-mixtures-utilizing-coconut-shell-layer
#5
Jian Li, Changcheng Xu, Yan Zhang, Xiaohua Tang, Wei Qi, Qiong Wang
Pressure-driven and lower flux of superwetting ultrafiltration membranes in various emulsions separation are long-standing issues and major barriers for their large-scale utilization. Even though currently reported membranes have achieved great success in emulsions separeation, they still suffer from low flux and complex fabrication process resulting from their smaller nanoscale pore size. Herein, utilizition of coconut shell as a novel biomaterial for developing into a layer through the simple smashing, cleaning and stacking procedures, which not only could avoid the complexity of film making process, but also could realize efficient gravity-directed separation of both immiscible oil/water mixtures and water-in-oil emulsions with high flux...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023063/effectiveness-of-metarhizium-anisopliae-and-entomopathogenic-nematodes-to-control-oryctes-rhinoceros-larvae-in-the-rainy-season
#6
Dyah Rini Indriyanti, Priyantini Widiyaningrum, Haryuni, Muji Slamet, Yoris Adi Maretta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Metarhizium anisopliae (MET) and entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) are microorganisms that attack the larvae of Oryctes rhinoceros. The effects of MET, EPN and the combination of both on the O. rhinoceros larvae were studied during the rainy season in Jepara Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Metarhizium anisopliae and entomopathogenic nematodes to control Oryctes rhinoceros larvae in the rainy season. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were four level doses of MET, four level doses of EPN and four mixture of MET and EPN...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992014/the-digestible-energy-metabolizable-energy-and-net-energy-content-of-dietary-fat-sources-in-thirteen-and-fifty-kilogram-pigs
#7
T A Kellner, J F Patience
The objective was to determine the energy concentration of a diverse array of dietary fat sources and, from these data, develop regression equations that explain differences based on chemical composition. A total of 120 Genetiporc 6.0 × Genetiporc F25 (PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) individually housed barrows were studied for 56 d. These barrows (initial BW of 9.9 ± 0.6 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 15 dietary treatments. Each experimental diet included 95% of a corn-soybean meal basal diet plus 5% either corn starch or 1 of 14 dietary fat sources...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970503/omega-6-and-omega-3-oxylipins-are-implicated-in-soybean-oil-induced-obesity-in-mice
#8
Poonamjot Deol, Johannes Fahrmann, Jun Yang, Jane R Evans, Antonia Rizo, Dmitry Grapov, Michelle Salemi, Kwanjeera Wanichthanarak, Oliver Fiehn, Brett Phinney, Bruce D Hammock, Frances M Sladek
Soybean oil consumption is increasing worldwide and parallels a rise in obesity. Rich in unsaturated fats, especially linoleic acid, soybean oil is assumed to be healthy, and yet it induces obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, and fatty liver in mice. Here, we show that the genetically modified soybean oil Plenish, which came on the U.S. market in 2014 and is low in linoleic acid, induces less obesity than conventional soybean oil in C57BL/6 male mice. Proteomic analysis of the liver reveals global differences in hepatic proteins when comparing diets rich in the two soybean oils, coconut oil, and a low-fat diet...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961189/coconut-allergy-revisited
#9
Katherine Anagnostou
Despite concerns voiced often by food-allergic patients, allergy to coconut is rare, not directly associated with nut allergy and few cases are reported so far in the literature. We present an interesting case of coconut allergy in a child that was previously tolerant to coconut and regularly exposed via both the skin and gastrointestinal route.
September 29, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958541/physicochemical-and-functional-properties-of-protein-concentrate-from-by-product-of-coconut-processing
#10
Pattrathip Rodsamran, Rungsinee Sothornvit
Coconut cake, a by-product from milk and oil extractions, contains a high amount of protein. Protein extraction from coconut milk cake and coconut oil cake was investigated. The supernatant and precipitate protein powders from both coconut milk and oil cakes were compared based on their physicochemical and functional properties. Glutelin was the predominant protein fraction in both coconut cakes. Protein powders from milk cake presented higher water and oil absorption capacities than those from oil cake. Both protein powders from oil cake exhibited better foaming capacity and a better emulsifying activity index than those from milk cake...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952512/ereptiospiration
#11
Christine Woolley, Antonio A Garcia, Marco Santello
Pure coconut oil, lanolin, and acetaminophen were vaporized at rates of 1-50 mg/min, using a porous network exhibiting a temperature gradient from 5000 to 5500 K/mm, without incurring noticeable chemical changes due to combustion, oxidation, or other thermally-induced chemical structural changes. The newly coined term "ereptiospiration" is used here to describe this combination of thermal transpiration at high temperature gradients since the process can force the creation of thermal aerosols by rapid heating in a localized zone...
April 12, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946925/iodine-concentration-of-milk-alternative-drinks-available-in-the-uk-in-comparison-with-cows-milk
#12
Sarah C Bath, Sarah Hill, Heidi Goenaga Infante, Sarah Elghul, Carolina J Nezianya, Margaret P Rayman
Iodine deficiency is present in certain groups of the UK population, notably in pregnant women; this is of concern as iodine is required for fetal brain development. UK milk is rich in iodine and is the principal dietary iodine source. UK sales of milk-alternative drinks are increasing but data are lacking on their iodine content. As consumers may replace iodine-rich milk with milk-alternative drinks, we aimed to measure the iodine concentration of those available in the UK. Using inductively coupled plasma-MS, we determined the iodine concentration of seven types of milk-alternative drink (soya, almond, coconut, oat, rice, hazelnut and hemp) by analysing forty-seven products purchased in November/December 2015...
October 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941684/changes-in-the-lipid-fraction-of-king-mackerel-pan-fried-in-coconut-oil-and-cooked-in-coconut-milk
#13
Giselda Macena Lira, Caterine Cristine Vasconcelos Quintiliano Cabral, Ítalo Bruno Araújo de Oliveira, Bruno Chacon Figueirêdo, Sarah Janaína Gurgel Bechtinger Simon, Neura Bragagnolo
The influence of cooking on the nutritional value of king mackerel when cooked in coconut milk or pan fried in coconut oil was verified from the alterations in the fatty acid content; formation of cholesterol oxides and the nutritional quality indices of the lipids. Cooking in coconut milk caused an 11.6% reduction in the protein content and 28.3% reduction in the ash content. The lipid content increased after cooking (253%) and frying (198%) causing an increase in the caloric value. The total saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of the cooked king mackerel increased 462% and 248%, respectively, whereas these increases were 418% and 130%, respectively, for the fried king mackerel...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940510/local-indigenous-fruit-derived-juices-as-alternate-source-of-acidity-regulators
#14
Cassandra D'souza, Rosaline Fernandes, Subhash Kudale, Azza Silotry Naik
BACKGROUND: Acidity regulators are additives that alter and control food acidity. The objective of this study was to explore local indigenous fruits as source of natural acidity regulators. Juices extracted from Garcinia indica (kokum), Embilica officinalis (amla) and Tamarindus indica (tamarind) were used as acidulants for medium such as coconut milk and bottle gourd juice. The buffering capacity (β), acid composition, antioxidant activity and shelf-life study of the acidified media were estimated...
September 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932063/-castor-oil-the-culprit-of-acute-hair-felting
#15
V Ramya Maduri, Ahalya Vedachalam, S Kiruthika
Acute hair felting is a rare disorder of scalp hair. In this condition, the hair becomes twisted, entangled as a hard stony mass resembling a bird's nest. Sudden hair matting has been reported earlier in the literature after vigorous use of chemical and herbal shampoos. Plica polonica is a patchy area of hair matting occurring in due course of time in neglected hair or underlying psychiatric illness. This case is interesting as the whole scalp hair matted immediately after using coconut oil and castor oil following washing...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924490/the-lauric-acid-activated-signaling-prompts-apoptosis-in-cancer-cells
#16
Rosamaria Lappano, Anna Sebastiani, Francesca Cirillo, Damiano Cosimo Rigiracciolo, Giulia Raffaella Galli, Rosita Curcio, Roberta Malaguarnera, Antonino Belfiore, Anna Rita Cappello, Marcello Maggiolini
The saturated medium-chain fatty-acid lauric acid (LA) has been associated to certain health-promoting benefits of coconut oil intake, including the improvement of the quality of life in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy. As it concerns the potential to hamper tumor growth, LA was shown to elicit inhibitory effects only in colon cancer cells. Here, we provide novel insights regarding the molecular mechanisms through which LA triggers antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in both breast and endometrial cancer cells...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910592/optimization-of-process-condition-for-the-preparation-of-amine-impregnated-activated-carbon-developed-for-co2-capture-and-applied-to-methylene-blue-adsorption-by-response-surface-methodology
#17
Dipa Das, Bhim C Meikap
The present research describes the optimal adsorption condition for methylene blue (MB). The adsorbent used here was monoethanol amine-impregnated activated carbon (MEA-AC) prepared from green coconut shell. Response surface methodology (RSM) is the multivariate statistical technique used for the optimization of the process variables. The central composite design is used to determine the effect of activation temperature, activation time and impregnation ratio on the MB removal. The percentage (%) MB adsorption by MEA-AC is evaluated as a response of the system...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906102/porous-coconut-shell-carbon-offering-high-retention-and-deep-lithiation-of-sulfur-for-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#18
Zhao-Hui Chen, Xue-Li Du, Jian-Bo He, Fang Li, Yan Wang, Yu-Lin Li, Bing Li, Sen Xin
Retaining soluble polysulfides in the sulfur cathodes and allowing for deep redox are essential to develop high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries. The versatile textures and physicochemical characteristics of abundant biomass offer a great opportunity to prepare biochar materials that can enhance the performance of Li-S batteries in sustainable mode. Here, we exploit micro-/mesoporous coconut shell carbon (CSC) with high specific surface areas as a sulfur host for Li-S batteries. The sulfur-infiltrated CSC materials show superior discharge-charge capacity, cycling stability, and high rate capability...
October 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905707/-candidatus-phytoplasma-wodyetiae-a-new-taxon-associated-with-yellow-decline-disease-of-foxtail-palm-wodyetia-bifurcata-in-malaysia
#19
Neda Naderali, Naghmeh Nejat, Ganesan Vadamalai, Robert E Davis, Wei Wei, Nigel A Harrison, LihLing Kong, Jugah Kadir, Yee-How Tan, Yan Zhao
Landscape-grown foxtail palm (Wodyetia bifurcata A. K. Irvine) trees displaying symptoms of severe foliar chlorosis, stunting, general decline and mortality reminiscent of coconut yellow decline disease were observed in Bangi, Malaysia, during 2012. DNA samples from foliage tissues of 15 symptomatic palms were analysed by employing a nested PCR assay primed by phytoplasma universal ribosomal RNA operon primer pairs, P1/P7 followed by R16F2n/R2. The assay yielded amplicons of a single band of 1.25 kb from DNA samples of 11 symptomatic palms...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900345/alternative-ketogenic-diet-with-coconut-milk-in-a-case-with-underlying-colorectal-cancer
#20
Kamon Chaiyasit, Kanin Tripipitsiriwat, Kusuma Srikaew, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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