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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932995/genome-sizes-of-nine-insect-species-determined-by-flow-cytometry-and-k-mer-analysis
#1
Kang He, Kejian Lin, Guirong Wang, Fei Li
The flow cytometry method was used to estimate the genome sizes of nine agriculturally important insects, including two coleopterans, five Hemipterans, and two hymenopterans. Among which, the coleopteran Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus (Kuschel) had the largest genome of 981 Mb. The average genome size was 504 Mb, suggesting that insects have a moderate-size genome. Compared with the insects in other orders, hymenopterans had small genomes, which were averagely about ~200 Mb. We found that the genome sizes of four insect species were different between male and female, showing the organismal complexity of insects...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930976/nephro-protective-effect-of-a-novel-formulation-of-unopened-coconut-inflorescence-sap-powder-on-gentamicin-induced-renal-damage-by-modulating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-markers
#2
Svenia P Jose, Asha S, Krishnakumar Im, Ratheesh M, Savitha Santhosh, Sandya S, Girish Kumar B, Pramod C
Fresh oyster white translucent sap obtained from the tender unopened inflorescence of coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) is identified to have great health benefits. Drug induced Nephrotoxicity is one of the major causes of renal damage in present generation. As a therapeutic agent, gentamicin imparts direct toxicity to kidney, resulting in acute tubular necrosis, glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury, haemodynamically mediated damage and obstructive nephropathy.There exists an increasing demand for safe and natural agents for the treatment and/or preventionofchronic nephrotoxicity and pathogenesis of kidney diseases...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928648/evaluation-of-different-litter-materials-for-broiler-production-in-a-hot-and-humid-environment-2-productive-performance-and-carcass-characteristics
#3
Alice P J T Garcês, Sónia M Santana Afonso, Abel Chilundo, Chenjerai T S Jairoce
The availability of wood by-products for bedding material is falling in many regions due to rising demand for other uses. The objective of this study was to evaluate six alternative litter sources-river bed sand, coconut husk, rice hulls, Guinea grass, newspaper, and corncob-as a substitute for wood shavings (WS). The trial was carried out over 35 days in an open-sided and naturally ventilated broiler house under conditions of high ambient temperatures and relative humidity. During the brooding period (0 to 14 days), chicks raised on grass had lower (P < 0...
December 8, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925034/formulation-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-carbopol-934-based-modified-clotrimazole-gel-for-topical-application
#4
Muhammad Ubaid, Sadaf Ilyas, Sadullah Mir, Abida K Khan, Rehana Rashid, Muhammad Z U Khan, Zainab G Kanwal, Ahmad Nawaz, Amna Shah, Ghulam Murtaza
The aim of present study was to enhance topical permeation of clotrimazole gel preparation by using various permeability enhancers such as coconut oil, pistachio oil and sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS). Clotrimazole gel preparations were prepared and optimized by using three factor, five level central composite design. A second-order polynomial equation was generated in order to estimate the effect of independent variables i.e. coconut oil (X1), pistachio oil (X2) and sodium lauryl sulphate (X3) at various dependent variables i...
December 1, 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908914/muscle-mania-the-quest-for-the-perfect-body
#5
Maira Hameed, Ajay Sahu, Maria B Johnson
We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. MRI revealed these to be multiple proteinaceous lesions within the muscle bellies and the possibility of self-innoculation was raised by the reporting radiologist...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908201/cocos-nucifera-coir-mediated-green-synthesis-of-pd-nps-and-its-investigation-against-larvae-and-agricultural-pest
#6
Ganesh Elango, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Kasinathan Irukatla Damodharan, Kuppuswamy Elumalai
In recent decades, several scientists focused their process towards nanoparticles synthesis by using various sustainable approaches. Cocos nucifera (C. nucifera) was one of the versatile trees in tropical regions which also can act as a thrust quencher in all over the world. Cocos nucifera coir was one of the waste by-products in all coconut-refining industries and with the help C. nucifera coir, Palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) were synthesized. Green-synthesized spherical-shape Pd NPs were over layered by secondary metabolites from C...
December 1, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899137/ethnobotanical-survey-of-cosmetic-plants-used-in-marquesas-islands-french-polynesia
#7
Xénia Jost, Jean-Luc Ansel, Gaël Lecellier, Phila Raharivelomanana, Jean-François Butaud
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic plants and their uses have often been neglected in ethnobotanical surveys which focus mainly on plants with medicinal or food uses. Thus, this survey was carried out to specifically investigate cosmetics in a small community and to establish a cosmetopoeia, based on the model of pharmacopoeia for medicinal plants. The geographic spread of the survey covered the Marquesas Islands, one of the five archipelagos of French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean). This archipelago was also recently investigated for its pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891311/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-coconut-oil-and-chlorhexidine-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vivo-study
#8
Faizal C Peedikayil, Vimal Remy, Seena John, T P Chandru, Prathima Sreenivasan, Gufran Ahmed Bijapur
AIMS: Streptococcus mutans is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888444/first-report-of-raoiella-indica-hirst-acari-tenuipalpide-in-southern-brazil
#9
F T Hata, J E P Silva, M U Ventura, A Pasini, S Roggia
The red palm mite (RPM), Raoiella indica (Hirst) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), was found for the first time in the Paraná State, in southern Brazil. The first observations occurred in September 2015, on strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch) leaves, which is not considered a typical host plant of RPM. It is probable that its occurrence on this plant was serendipitous. Visual surveys for RPM were carried out on four typical host plants (banana, coconut, foxtail palm, and real palm), in five cities of the Paraná State (Bela Vista do Paraíso, Londrina, Maringá, Marialva, and Sarandi)...
November 26, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880779/a-mighty-claw-pinching-force-of-the-coconut-crab-the-largest-terrestrial-crustacean
#10
Shin-Ichiro Oka, Taketeru Tomita, Kei Miyamoto
Crustaceans can exert a greater force using their claws than many animals can with other appendages. Furthermore, in decapods, the chela is a notable organ with multifunctional roles. The coconut crab, Birgus latro, is the largest terrestrial crustacean and has a remarkable ability to lift weights up to approximately 30 kg. However, the pinching force of this crab's chelae has not been previously investigated. In the present study, we measured the pinching force of the chelae in 29 wild coconut crabs (33-2,120 g in body weight)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878500/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effect-of-kerabala-a-value-added-ayurvedic-formulation-from-virgin-coconut-oil-inhibits-pathogenesis-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#11
M Ratheesh, S Sandya, C Pramod, S Asha, Jose P Svenia, S Premlal, B GrishKumar
Kerabala (CB) is a novel ayurvedic formulation used for treating various inflammatory diseases. This formulation was made from virgin coconut oil and it comprises extracts of Sida cordifolia, coconut milk and sesame oil. The current study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of CB on carrageenan-induced acute and adjuvant-induced chronic experimental models. 5 mg/kg bwt was found to be potent dose from carrageenan model and evaluated its effect in adjuvant-induced chronic arthritic model...
November 22, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847745/carbohydrate-electrolyte-drinks-exhibit-risks-for-human-enamel-surface-loss
#12
Mary Anne Sampaio de Melo, Vanara Florêncio Passos, Juliana Paiva Marques Lima, Sérgio Lima Santiago, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation was to give insights into the impact of carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks on the likely capacity of enamel surface dissolution and the influence of human saliva exposure as a biological protective factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pH, titratable acidity (TA) to pH 7.0, and buffer capacity (β) of common beverages ingested by patients under physical activity were analyzed. Then, we randomly distributed 50 specimens of human enamel into 5 groups...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845808/use-of-complementary-health-approaches-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Ju Young Shin, Ryan T Pohlig, Barbara Habermann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is neurodegenerative and requires ongoing therapy. The purpose of the current study was two-fold: to (a) describe the prevalence, types, and associated factors of complementary health approaches (CHA) used in individuals with PD; and (b) explore reasons for CHA use. A self-administered, cross-sectional survey was used. The response rate was 61.9% (N = 135), and 74.1% of participants used CHA for either PD or general health. The most widely used CHA included exercise, yoga, massage, vitamins, coenzyme Q10, and coconut oil...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833616/coconut-lethal-yellowing-diseases-a-phytoplasma-threat-to-palms-of-global-economic-and-social-significance
#14
REVIEW
Geoff M Gurr, Anne C Johnson, Gavin J Ash, Bree A L Wilson, Mark M Ero, Carmel A Pilotti, Charles F Dewhurst, Minsheng S You
The recent discovery of Bogia coconut syndrome in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is the first report of a lethal yellowing disease (LYD) in Oceania. Numerous outbreaks of LYDs of coconut have been recorded in the Caribbean and Africa since the late Nineteenth century and have caused the death of millions of palms across several continents during the Twentieth century. Despite the severity of economic losses, it was only in the 1970s that the causes of LYDs were identified as phytoplasmas, a group of insect-transmitted bacteria associated with diseases in many other economically important crop species...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829612/effects-of-ultrasonic-parameters-on-the-crystallization-behavior-of-virgin-coconut-oil
#15
Linhe Wu, Jun Cao, Xinpeng Bai, Haiming Chen, Yuxiang Zhang, Qian Wu
Crystallization behavior of virgin coconut oil (VCO) in the absence and presence of ultrasonic treatment under a temperature gradient field was investigated. The effects of ultrasonic parameters on the crystallization behavior of VCO were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, ultraviolet/visible spectrophotometry and polarized light microscopy. The thermal effect of the ultrasonic treatment was also increased at higher power levels. Therefore, the optimal power level was determined at approximately 36 W...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821610/coconut-shell-liquid-smoke-promotes-burn-wound-healing
#16
Vita Murniati Tarawan, Kemala Isnainiasih Mantilidewi, Ika Miqra Dhini, Putri Teesa Radhiyanti, Endang Sutedja
The aim of this study was to evaluate burn wound healing activity of coconut shell liquid smoke (CS-LS) in a burn wound animal model. Burn wound-induced mice were treated with CS-LS (CS-LS group), povidone iodine 10% (povidone group), or NaCl 0.9% (NaCl group). Application of CS-LS promoted wound contraction compared to that of the povidone and NaCl groups (P < .05). This study showed a positive correlation between the number of fibroblasts and wound contraction. The number of fibroblasts was highest in the CS-LS group, compared to that of the povidone and NaCl groups (P < ...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819202/predator-performance-is-impaired-by-the-presence-of-a-second-prey-species
#17
D B Lima, H K V Oliveira, J W S Melo, M G C Gondim, M Sabelis, A Pallini, A Janssen
The simultaneous infestation of a plant by several species of herbivores may affect the attractiveness of plants to the natural enemies of one of the herbivores. We studied the effect of coconut fruits infested by the pests Aceria guerreronis and Steneotarsonemus concavuscutum, which are generally found together under the coconut perianth. The predatory mite Neoseiulus baraki produced lower numbers of offspring on fruits infested with S. concavuscutum and on fruits infested with both prey than on fruits with A...
November 7, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818734/coconut-oil-extract-mitigates-testicular-injury-following-adjuvant-treatment-with-antiretroviral-drugs
#18
Oluwatosin O Ogedengbe, Ayoola I Jegede, Ismail O Onanuga, Ugochukwu Offor, Edwin Cs Naidu, Aniekan I Peter, Onyemaechi O Azu
Increased access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has made the management of drug toxicities an increasingly crucial component of HIV. This study investigated the effects of adjuvant use of coconut oil and HAART on testicular morphology and seminal parameters in Sprague- Dawley rats. Twelve adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 153~169 g were distributed into four groups (A-D) and treated as follows: A served as control (distilled water); B (HAART cocktail- Zidovudine, Lamivudine and Nevirapine); C (HAART + Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg) and D (Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg)...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816052/postprandial-serum-endotoxin-in-healthy-humans-is-modulated-by-dietary-fat-in-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-study
#19
Joshua M Lyte, Nicholas K Gabler, James H Hollis
BACKGROUND: High-fat diets may contribute to metabolic disease via postprandial changes in serum endotoxin and inflammation. It is unclear how dietary fat composition may alter these parameters. We hypothesized that a meal rich in n-3 (ω3) fatty acids would reduce endotoxemia and associated inflammation but a saturated or n-6 (ω6) fatty acid-rich meal would increase postprandial serum endotoxin concentrations and systemic inflammation in healthy adults. METHODS: Healthy adults (n = 20; mean age 25 ± 3...
November 5, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810761/unraveling-sorption-of-lead-in-aqueous-solutions-by-chemically-modified-biochar-derived-from-coconut-fiber-a-microscopic-and-spectroscopic-investigation
#20
Weidong Wu, Jianhong Li, Tian Lan, Karin Müller, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Xin Chen, Song Xu, Lirong Zheng, Yingchao Chu, Jianwu Li, Guodong Yuan, Hailong Wang
In this study, we examined the efficacy of nine different types of coconut-fiber derived biochars (CFBs), prepared at different temperatures and chemically modified with ammonia, hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid, to remove lead (Pb(2+)) from aqueous solutions. Langmuir-qm values of the biochars pyrolyzed at 300°C and modified with ammonia and nitric acid increased from 49.5 to 105.5 and 85.2mgg(-1), respectively, compared to control (unmodified), whereas hydrogen peroxide treatment had no effect. The maximum amount of Pb adsorbed on biochars was in the order of CFB-700>MCFB-300-NH3·H2O>CFB-500>MCFB-300-HNO3>CFB-300...
October 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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