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Family history questionnaire cancer

C M Madronio, B K Armstrong, C G Watts, C Goumas, R L Morton, A Curtin, S W Menzies, G J Mann, J F Thompson, A E Cust
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that health professionals identify and manage individuals at high risk of developing melanoma, but there is limited population-based evidence demonstrating real-world practices. OBJECTIVE: A population-based, observational study was conducted in the state of New South Wales, Australia to determine doctors' knowledge of melanoma patients' risk and to identify factors associated with better identification and clinical management. METHODS: Data were analysed for 1889 patients with invasive, localised melanoma in the Melanoma Patterns of Care study...
September 27, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Veronica F Quinn, Bettina Meiser, Judy Kirk, Kathy M Tucker, Kaaren J Watts, Belinda Rahman, Michelle Peate, Christobel Saunders, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Margaret Gleeson, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Michael Field, Marion Harris, Yoland C Antill, Linda Cicciarelli, Karen Crowe, Michael T Bowen, Gillian Mitchell
PURPOSE: Increasingly, women newly diagnosed with breast cancer are being offered treatment-focused genetic testing (TFGT). As the demand for TFGT increases, streamlined methods of genetic education are needed. METHODS: In this noninferiority trial, women aged <50 years with either a strong family history (FH+) or other features suggestive of a germ-line mutation (FH-) were randomized before definitive breast cancer surgery to receive TFGT education either as brief written materials (intervention group (IG)) or during a genetic counseling session at a familial cancer clinic (usual-care group (UCG))...
September 29, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
John Paul Cauchi, Liberato Camilleri, Christian Scerri
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures are known to play a role in the development of cancer, including breast cancer. There are known associations of breast cancer with environmental factors such as sunlight exposure, diet and exercise and alcohol consumption as well as physiological factors. This study examines the prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer related to dietary intake, environment and lifestyle in the female population of Malta. Malta has had little research in this area, and therefore an exploratory study was carried out...
2016: EPMA Journal
Lauren Rudichuk, Kristen J Vogel, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Brian T Helfand, Christina G Selkirk
OBJECTIVE: To assess urologists' knowledge and utilization of family history in order to determine prostate cancer (PC) screening and treatment recommendations. METHODS: Questionnaires that explored urologists' knowledge, frequency and utilization of family history information for screening and treatment recommendations for PC was prospectively collected. Data were summarized and compared using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: A total of 87 responses were collected, for a response rate of 60% (87/145)...
September 16, 2016: Urology
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Eric Doromandji, Andre Richard Gouaye, Pascal Gastien Yamba, Elysee Ephraim Guessy, Bertrand Ba-Mpoutou, Dieubeni Rawago Mandjiza, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Grace Mella, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. High breast cancer mortality has been attributed to lack of public awareness of the disease. Little is known about the level of knowledge of breast cancer in Central African Republic. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of health professionals on breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 158 health professionals (27 medical; 131 paramedical) in 17 hospitals in Bangui using a self-administered questionnaire...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
C M G van Driel, J C Oosterwijk, E J Meijers-Heijboer, C J van Asperen, I A Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, J de Vries, M J E Mourits, L Henneman, D R M Timmermans, G H de Bock
OBJECTIVES: Women seeking counseling because of familial breast cancer occurrence face difficult decisions, such as whether and when to opt for risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in case of BRCA1/2 mutation. Only limited research has been done to identify the psychological factors associated with the decision for RRM. This study investigated which psychological factors are related to the intention to choose for RRM. MATERIALS & METHODS: A cohort of 486 cancer-unaffected women with a family history of breast cancer completed the following questionnaires prior to genetic counseling: the Cancer Worry Scale, Positive And Negative Affect Scale, Perceived Personal Control Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and State Anxiety Scale and questions regarding socio-demographic characteristics, family history, risk perception and RRM intention...
September 14, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Sadi Turkan, Faruk Doğan, Ozan Ekmekçioğlu, Aslıhan Çolak, Mehmet Kalkan, Çoşkun Şahin
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the general knowledge and awareness levels, information sources, and the state of medical check-up for prostate cancer (PCa) and relevant effective factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants were asked to answer to 14 questions of a questionnaire about age, education, economic and social condition, knowledge about PCa, state of being examined and their related factors. According to demographic characteristics of the participants, levels of awareness about PCa, sources of information, affecting factors and their interrelationships were examined...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Ingrid C A W Konings, Femme Harinck, Marianne A Kuenen, Grace N Sidharta, Jacobien M Kieffer, Cora M Aalfs, Jan-Werner Poley, Ellen M A Smets, Anja Wagner, Anja van Rens, Frank P Vleggaar, Margreet G E M Ausems, Paul Fockens, Jeanin E van Hooft, Marco J Bruno, Eveline M A Bleiker
It is important to adequately and timely identify individuals with cancer worries amongst participants in a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surveillance program, because they could benefit from psychosocial support to decrease distress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess both psychosocial and clinical factors associated with cancer worries. High-risk individuals participating in PDAC-surveillance were invited to annually complete a cancer worry scale (CWS) questionnaire which was sent after counseling by the clinical geneticist (T0), after intake for participation in PDAC-surveillance (T1), and then annually after every MRI and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) (T2 and further)...
September 14, 2016: Familial Cancer
Stephanie A Cohen, Dawn M Nixon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate a unique approach to cancer risk assessment for improved access by smaller rural communities. METHODS: Local, on-site nurse navigators were trained and utilized as genetic counselor extenders (GCEs) to provide basic risk assessment and offer BRCA1/2 genetic testing to select patients based on a triaging process in collaboration with board-certified genetic counselors (CGCs). RESULTS: From August 2012 to July 2014, 12,477 family history questionnaires representing 8937 unique patients presenting for a screening mammogram or new oncology appointment were triaged...
October 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Xiaolin Cheng, Zhengdong Li, Xiaoyin Sun, Beiqi Jiang, Zhigang Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge and willingness of breast cancers patients from Shanghai for genetic counseling and gene testing. METHODS: A total of 428 patients filled out the questionnaire and the data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Most of the patients were unaware of genetic counseling and gene testing. But after a brief introduction, a majority of them were willing to accept genetic counseling and recommend their family members to participate...
October 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Isabelle Ingrand, Gautier Defossez, Jean-Pierre Richer, David Tougeron, Nicolas Palierne, Jean-Christophe Letard, Michel Beauchant, Pierre Ingrand
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopic screening is recommended for first-degree relatives of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) or colorectal adenomatous polyps (CAP) before the age of 60 years. This has the potential to reduce CRC-related morbidity and mortality, but uptake is currently inadequate. METHODS: The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of standard information versus a nurse-led tailored intervention designed to promote uptake of colonoscopy screening by siblings of CRC or CAP patients...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bach Viet Hoang, Jeonghee Lee, Il Ju Choi, Young-Woo Kim, Keun Won Ryu, Jeongseon Kim
AIM: To investigate the effects of dietary vitamin C and foods containing vitamin C on gastric cancer risk. METHODS: Our study included 830 control subjects and 415 patients. Data regarding demographics, medical history, and lifestyle, including dietary and nutrient intake, were collected using reliable self-administered questionnaires. Dietary intake information was collected from the participants using a food frequency questionnaire that has been previously reported as reliable and valid...
July 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Keivan Majidzadeh-A, Leila Farahmand, Ali-Akbar Zare, Rezvan Esmaeili, Malihe Salehi, Masoud Habibi
AIM: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Science has already proved that some breast cancer genes are inherited from parents. It is generally believed that the probability of cancer diagnosis in carriers of those genes is considerably higher than the normal population. It is in the same direction that modern medicine has introduced prophylactic mastectomy - one of the key preventive methods which is the focus of the present research. Nevertheless, whether women that have been diagnosed with breast cancer would take this approach depends on their local culture and their set of beliefs...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Charles W Drescher, J David Beatty, Robert Resta, M Robyn Andersen, Kate Watabayashi, Jason Thorpe, Sarah Hawley, Hannah Purkey, Jessica Chubak, Nancy Hanson, Diana S M Buist, Nicole Urban
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend genetic counseling and testing for women who have a pedigree suggestive of an inherited susceptibility for ovarian cancer. The authors evaluated the effect of referral to genetic counseling on genetic testing and prophylactic oophorectomy in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Data from an electronic mammography reporting system identified 12,919 women with a pedigree that included breast cancer, of whom 625 were identified who had a high risk for inherited susceptibility to ovarian cancer using a risk-assessment questionnaire...
July 22, 2016: Cancer
Igor Karp, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Michal Abrahamowicz, Karen Leffondré, Jack Siemiatycki
Assessment of individual risk of illness is an important activity in preventive medicine. Development of risk-assessment models has heretofore relied predominantly on studies involving follow-up of cohort-type populations, while case-control studies have generally been considered unfit for this purpose. To present a method for individualized assessment of absolute risk of an illness (as illustrated by lung cancer) based on data from a 'non-nested' case-control study. We used data from a case-control study conducted in Montreal, Canada in 1996-2001...
July 11, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
Dagrun Kyte Gjøstein, Anders Huitfeldt, Magnus Løberg, Hans-Olov Adami, Kjetil Garborg, Mette Kalager, Michael Bretthauer
BACKGROUND Questionnaire surveys are important for surveying the health and disease behaviour of the population, but recent years have seen a fall in participation. Our study tested whether incentives can increase participation in these surveys.MATERIAL AND METHOD We sent a questionnaire on risk factors for colorectal cancer (height, weight, smoking, self-reported diagnoses, family medical history) to non-screened participants in a randomised colonoscopy screening study for colorectal cancer: participants who were invited but did not attend for colonoscopy examination (screening-invited) and persons who were not offered colonoscopy (control group)...
July 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Yugantara R Kadam, Sanjay R Quraishi, Randheer V Dhoble, Minaxi R Sawant, Alka D Gore
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death globally. Every year, millions of cancer patients could be saved from premature death and and suffering if they had timely access to early detection and treatment. There are two main components of early detection: early diagnosis and screening. In India, cancers of cervix, breast, mouth/oropharynx are the most frequent cancers in women. These cancers are amenable to early detection. More than two third of the cancer patients are already in an advanced and incurable stage at the time of diagnosis...
February 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Amos R Mwakigonja, Happiness Rabiel, Naboth A Mbembati, Leonard E K Lema
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the commonest female malignancy globally and the second (after uterine cervix) in sub-Saharan Africa including Tanzania. Prognostic indicators reportedly influence post-mastectomy adjuvant therapy by predicting risks on survival and recurrence although in Tanzania this data is lacking. Here, we evaluate the pattern of prognostic and risk indicators among women with breast cancer undergoing modified-radical-mastectomy (MRM) at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) and Tumaini Hospital (TH), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Kristin B Niendorf, Melissa A Geller, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Timothy R Church, Anna Leininger, Angela Bakke, Robert D Madoff
Patients at increased familial risk of cancer are sub-optimally identified and referred for genetic counseling. We describe a systematic model for information collection, screening and referral for hereditary cancer risk. Individuals from three different clinical and research populations were screened for hereditary cancer risk using a two-tier process: a 7-item screener followed by review of family history by a genetic counselor and application of published criteria. A total of 869 subjects participated in the study; 769 in this high risk population had increased familial cancer risk based on the screening questionnaire...
October 2016: Familial Cancer
Denise M Weiss, Laurel L Northouse, Sonia A Duffy, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Maria C Katapodi, Patricia M LoRusso
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine family caregivers' experience of mental fatigue, identify strategies they use to manage it, and ascertain the kind of help they would like from healthcare professionals.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, qualitative study that was part of a larger mixed-methods study.
. SETTING: Metropolitan comprehensive cancer center in the midwestern United States.
. PARTICIPANTS: 79 family caregivers of patients with advanced cancer who were participating in phase I clinical trials...
July 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
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