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Asian Indian

Danilo Solano, Juan Carlos Navarro, Antonio León-Reyes, Washington Benítez-Ortiz, Richar Rodríguez-Hidalgo
Tapeworms Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are the causative agents of taeniasis/cysticercosis. These are diseases with high medical and veterinary importance due to their impact on public health and rural economy in tropical countries. The re-emergence of T. solium as a result of human migration, the economic burden affecting livestock industry, and the large variability of symptoms in several human cysticercosis, encourage studies on genetic diversity, and the identification of these parasites with molecular phylogenetic tools...
October 18, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Sherly Parackal, Joanna Stewart, Elsie Ho
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to explore if the impact of various risk factors for chronic disease differed for people of Chinese, Indian and New Zealand European and Other (NZEO) ethnicities. DESIGN: Data analysed for this paper was extracted from the 2003-04 and the 2006-07 NZ Health surveys for adults aged 25-70 which used a cross-sectional survey design. Data from both the survey waves were combined and all statistical analysis was done using SAS version 9...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Anjana Silva, Wayne C Hodgson, Geoffrey K Isbister
There is limited information on the cross-neutralisation of neurotoxic venoms with antivenoms. Cross-neutralisation of the in vitro neurotoxicity of four Asian and four Australian snake venoms, four post-synaptic neurotoxins (α-bungarotoxin, α-elapitoxin-Nk2a, α-elapitoxin-Ppr1 and α-scutoxin; 100 nM) and one pre-synaptic neurotoxin (taipoxin; 100 nM) was studied with five antivenoms: Thai cobra antivenom (TCAV), death adder antivenom (DAAV), Thai neuro polyvalent antivenom (TNPAV), Indian Polyvalent antivenom (IPAV) and Australian polyvalent antivenom (APAV)...
October 18, 2016: Toxins
Arun Agarwal, Samiksha Sharma, Mala Airun
In Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), hemorrhagic manifestations are common but thrombotic events are uncommonly reported, despite the wide range of increased procoagulant activity during Dengue Fever illness. We report a case of a 55-year-old man of Asian Indian ethnicity who developed large vein thrombotic event -Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) in the acute phase of DHF. His condition was further complicated by associated thrombocytopenia. The etiological connections between dengue viral infection with thrombocytopenia, DVT/PE and abnormal thrombophilia profile as well as the treatment dilemmas posed in treating a patient of DF with hemorrhagic manifestations and associated DVT/PE, and the role of eltrombopag are discussed...
August 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Moninder Narang, Mukul Singh, Shruti Dange
OBJECTIVE: To study alterations in and factors affecting blood levels of homocysteine and its related vitamins (B12 and folic acid) in patients with metabolic syndrome. Methods: In this case-control study, conducted in a referral hospital in north India, blood levels of vitamin B12, folic acid and homocysteine were compared and also correlated with anthropometric parameters, blood sugar, lipids (total, LDL and HDL cholesterol) and hematological variables. METHODS: Seventy five subjects (50 patients and 25 controls; mean age 48...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Aditi Gupta, Garima Juyal, Ajit Sood, Vandana Midha, Keiko Yamazaki, Arnau Vich Vila, Motohiro Esaki, Toshiyuki Matsui, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo, Rinse K Weersma, B K Thelma
The first ever genome-wide association study (GWAS) of ulcerative colitis in genetically distinct north Indian population identified two novel genes namely CFB and SLC44A4. Considering their biological relevance, we investigated allelic/genetic heterogeneity in these genes among ulcerative colitis cohorts of north Indian, Japanese and Dutch origin using high-density ImmunoChip case-control genotype data. Comparative linkage disequilibrium profiling and test of association were performed. Of the 28 CFB SNPs, similar strength of association was observed for rs4151657 (novel ulcerative colitis GWAS SNP) in north Indians (P=1...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Rosette J Chakkalakal, Justin P Fox, Jeremy C Green, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Romana Hasnain-Wynia
Concerns about the quality of race/ethnicity data collected by hospitals have limited our understanding of healthcare disparities affecting ethnic minorities in the United States. Using data from the New Jersey State Inpatient Databases and the American Community Survey, we calculated age-adjusted AMI hospitalization rates for Asian-American subgroups before (2005-2006) and after (2008-2009) New Jersey hospitals implemented standardized practices to collect more accurate granular race/ethnicity data from patients...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Rajeev Gupta
High BP is the most important cause of mortality and disease burden globally as well as in South Asian region. Global Burden of Diseases Study has reported that in year 2013 high systolic BP globally led to 10.8 million deaths and 208.1 million DALYs and in South Asian countries led to 2.1 million deaths (19.4%) and 49.9 million DALYs (24.0%). Global Burden of Chronic Disease Risk Factors study has reported from years 1980 to 2008 that while mean BP declined in high income countries, it increased in South Asian countries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Maudrene Ls Tan, Eric Yh Khoo, Konstadina Griva, Yung Seng Lee, Mohamed Amir, Yasmin Lm Zuniga, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Hwee Lin Wee
INTRODUCTION: The Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) measures diabetes-related psychological well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It includes 3 subscales: psychological distress (PD), barriers to activity and disinhibited eating. The psychometric properties of the DHP have not been evaluated in Asia. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the DHP in multiethnic Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 to 65 diagnosed with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for at least 1 year were recruited from a diabetes outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Alan D Cook, Jeanette G Ward, Kristina M Chapple, Hassan Akinbiyi, Mark Garrett, Forrest O'Dell Moore
BACKGROUND: Representing 2 % of the general population, American Indians/Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs) were associated with 0.5 % (63) of the estimated 12,500 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) reported to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistic Center in 2013. To date, the trend in health care disparities among AIs/ANs in the SCI community has not been examined. We sought to compare the rate of discharge to rehabilitation facilities (DRF) following traumatic SCI among adult AIs/ANs to other racial/ethnic groups for patients 15 to 64 years old...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Jai Thilak, Melvin J George
BACKGROUND: The correct sizing of the components in both anteroposterior and mediolateral (ML) dimensions is crucial for the success of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The size of the implants selected is based on the intraoperative measurements. The currently used TKA implants available to us are based on morphometric measurements obtained from a Western/Caucasian population. Hence, the risk of component ML mismatch is more common in Asian sub-population, as they are of a smaller built and stature...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Savita Katbamna, Lisa Manning, Amit Mistri, Mark Johnson, Thompson Robinson
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study exploring White and British Indian informal stroke carers' experiences of caring, factors contributing to their stress, and strategies used to overcome stress. DESIGN: A qualitative approach involving in-depth interviews was used to explore informal carers' experiences of caring for stroke survivors and the stress of caring at one and three to six months from the onset of stroke. Interviewers bilingual in English and Gujarati or Punjabi conducted interviews with carers...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Fatemeh Riyahi Zaniani, Sharareh Moghim, Hossein Mirhendi, Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei, Hossein Fazeli, Mahshid Salehi, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
In this study, we aimed to identify the genetic lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Isfahan via the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable number tandem repeat typing method based on 15 loci. Forty-nine M. tuberculosis isolates were collected between 2013 and 2015 from Tuberculosis patients in Mollahadi Sabzevari Tuberculosis Center in Isfahan. All isolates were typed by 15-locus MIRU-VNTR typing. The highest percentage of isolates, 44.89 % (22/49), belonged to the Euro-American lineage, while the frequencies of the East-African-Indian, East-Asian, and Indo-Oceanic lineages were 28...
October 14, 2016: Current Microbiology
Naval K Vikram, Ahmad Nawid Latifi, Anoop Misra, Kalpana Luthra, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Randeep Guleria, Ravindra M Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the discriminatory ability of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in identifying the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Asian Indians. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 509 subjects (278 males and 231 females) aged 20-60 years from New Delhi, India. Measurements included complete clinical examination, blood pressure, weight, height, WC, BMI, WHR and WHtR, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, and fasting insulin levels...
October 14, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Hafiz Muhammad Sharjeel Arshad, Eula Tetangco, Natasha Shah, Christopher Kabir, Hareth Raddawi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Although studies have been performed on malignancy behavior in African Americans and Caucasians, scant data are present on other minority racial groups. METHODS: A retrospective single center study was performed where 1,860 patient charts with a diagnosis of CRC from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2014 were reviewed. Data collected on each patient included age, gender, ethnicity, primary site and histological stage at the time of diagnosis...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Coimbatore Subramanian Shanthi Rani, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Subash Chandrabose Uthra, Jaydeep Vidya, Ganesan Uma Sankari, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Saravanan Jeba Rani, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: To study the postpartum conversion of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to different types of diabetes among Asian Indian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from electronic medical records, 418 women with GDM seen at a tertiary diabetes care center for diabetes in Chennai in South India between 1991 and 2014 were evaluated for development of diabetes postpartum. RESULTS: Of the 418 GDM women followed up postpartum, 388 progressed to diabetes...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Thyparambil Aravindakshan Pramodkumar, Ramamoorthy Jayashri, Kuppan Gokulakrishnan, Kaliyaperumal Velmurugan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan
OBJECTIVE: 1,5 anhydroglucitol (1,5 AG) is emerging as a marker of short-term glycemic control. We measured levels of 1,5 AG, fructosamine (FA), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in Asian Indians with different degrees of glucose intolerance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 210 individuals with normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n = 60), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; n = 50), and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; n = 100) from a large tertiary diabetes center in Chennai in Southern India...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ranjita Misra, Haslyn Hunte
BACKGROUND: Perceived interpersonal discrimination while seeking healthcare services is associated with poor physical and mental health. Yet, there is a paucity of research among Asian Americans or its subgroups. This study examined the correlates of reported interpersonal discrimination when seeking health care among a large sample of Asian Indians, the 3rd largest Asian American subgroup in the US, and identify predictors of adverse self-rated physical health, a well-accepted measure of overall health status...
October 12, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
S V Madhu, Abhishek Raj, Stuti Gupta, S Giri, Usha Rusia
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and to compare its levels before and after iron supplementations. METHODS: Age and sex matched subjects were enrolled and clustered in 2 groups: IDA (n=62) and healthy controls (HC; n=60). HbA1c levels were estimated by HPLC. Hemogram were estimated by hematology analyser. Serum ferritin (ELISA) and other parameters of iron profile were measured by standard guidelines of ICSH...
October 5, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Elizabeth B Pathak
PURPOSE: This paper compares the mortality burden of heart disease versus cancer among women by age, race, and ethnicity. METHODS: U.S. death and population data for the years 2000 through 2013 were used to calculate heart disease and cancer death rates. Detailed analyses focused on age (15-19 years old to ≥100 years old) and race and ethnicity (Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, Asians and Pacific Islanders (A/PIs), and American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs))...
October 4, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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