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Asian Indian

Sonia Kapur, Anna Zajicek
How are the images of abused South Asian marriage migrants shaped by domestic violence advocates? We explore the social constructions of battered Asian Indian marriage migrants in the victim advocates' narratives. First, we find the narratives both reproduce and challenge the dominant stereotypes, utilizing some individualistic typifications while constructing these images with an understanding of the broader context of battered South Asian women's experiences. Second, depending on the issue (e.g., economic dependence or religion), the advocates paint either a multidimensional or a one-dimensional picture of their clients...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
M Chandran, D Tay, X F Huang, Y Hao
Hospital care and mortality of diabetic and non-diabetic osteoporotic Asian patients undergoing hip fracture surgery were explored with no difference in length of hospitalization, incidence of post-operative complications, or mortality between diabetics and non-diabetics seen. Time to operation correlated with post-operative complications occurrence and therefore surgery should be expeditiously done. INTRODUCTION: Whether burden of inpatient care, problems after admission, and mortality rates differ between diabetics and non-diabetics undergoing surgery for osteoporotic hip fractures has not been explored in Asian populations...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Yuen Mi Cheon, Sara Douglass Bayless, Yijie Wang, Tiffany Yip
Ethnic/racial self-labeling represents one's knowledge of and preference for ethnic/racial group membership, which is related to, but distinguishable from, ethnic/racial identity. This study examined the development of ethnic/racial self-labeling over time by including the concept of elaboration among a diverse sample of 297 adolescents (Time 1 mean age 14.75, 67% female, 37.4% Asian or Asian American, 10.4% Black, African American, or West Indian, 23.2% Hispanic or Latinx, 24.2% White, 4.4% other). Growth mixture modeling revealed two distinct patterns-low and high self-labeling elaboration from freshman to sophomore year of high school...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Mythily Subramaniam, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Edimansyah Abdin, Wei Yen Lim, Hwee Lin Wee, Siow Ann Chong, Rob Martinus van Dam
BACKGROUND: Measures of mental well-being and positive mental health (PMH) have been largely developed and used in Western populations, however, data on representative Asian communities are lacking. Using data from a population sample, this study sought to establish psychometric properties and norms of the PMH Instrument (PMH-I), a measure of positive mental health developed in Singapore. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative survey among 1925 adults aged 18-79 years of Chinese, Malay, Indian or other ethnicity...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Emily A McCourt, Gui-Shuang Ying, Anne M Lynch, Alan G Palestine, Brandie D Wagner, Erica Wymore, Lauren A Tomlinson, Gil Binenbaum
Importance: The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity (CO-ROP) model uses birth weight, gestational age, and weight gain at the first month of life (WG-28) to predict risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In previous validation studies, the model performed very well, predicting virtually all cases of severe ROP and potentially reducing the number of infants who need ROP examinations, warranting validation in a larger, more diverse population. Objective: To validate the performance of the CO-ROP model in a large multicenter cohort...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Santosh Kumar Mandal, Pulukool Sandhya, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Janardana Ramya, Gowri Mahasampath, Debashish Danda
Human and animal model studies suggest CXCL13 is a potential biomarker in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). CXCL13 has not been studied in Indian patients with pSS. pSS cases classified by American European Consensus Group (AECG) or American college of Rheumatology(ACR) 2012 criteria, attending rheumatology clinic between July 2014 and July 2015 were included. Hospital staff and healthy, non-blood related family members of patients constituted the control group. pSS cases underwent clinical evaluation, laboratory investigations, ESSDAI and ESSPRI scoring...
March 14, 2018: Rheumatology International
David C Kieser, P J Cox, S C J Kieser
PURPOSE: Hirayama disease is an initially progressive disease caused by cervical neck flexion compressing the anterior horns of the lower cervical spinal cord. It is primarily seen in young males of Indian or Asian descent. With increasing dispersion of these populations this condition is increasingly being encountered internationally. This grand round reviews this rare but increasingly recognized condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a classic case of a young Indian male with progressive hand and forearm weakness...
March 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Ved Prakash Kumar, Ankita Rajpoot, Anupam Srivastav, Parag Nigam, Vinay Kumar, Madhanraj A, Surendra Prakash Goyal
Pangolins are a group of eight endangered mammalian species included in the family Manidae (Order Pholidota) and divided into four each African (Arboreal species; Phataginus tetradactyla, Phataginus tricuspis, Ground dwelling species; Smutsia gigantea and Smutsia temminckii) and Asian (Ground dwelling; Manis crassicaudata, Manis pentadactyla, Manis javanica and Manis culionensis) species. The taxonomy of all the eight extant pangolin species based on molecular genetics studies, remains unresolved and poorly examined...
March 15, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Hema Singh, Pradeep Tiwari, Vijay Bhavi, Praveen Singh Chaudhary, Prashanth Suravajhala, M Krishna Mohan, Sandeep Kumar Mathur
Background: Human height is a classic polygenic trait and currently available data explains only 10% of the phenotypic variation in height. Almost 60%-80% of the children coming to pediatric and endocrinology outpatient department for the evaluation of short stature are still labeled as idiopathic. Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify various chromosomal alterations causing idiopathic short stature (ISS) and short stature with dysmorphic features not pertaining to known genetic syndromes...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Shivanjali Kumar, Kamal Kumar, Sarita Bajaj, Ranjana Kumar, Atul Gogia, Atul Kakar, Shrishti Paul Byotra
Introduction: Diabetes is a major world-wide healthcare problem. Cost effective markers for screening and diagnosis of T2DM are the need of the day especially in developing and under-developed countries. Simple anthropometric measurements may help us in identifying individuals likely to have diabetes. Material and Methods: Data from 1055 North-Indian subjects was analysed. Results: Out of several anthropometric measurements studied, Waist-Thigh ratio (WTR) correlated significantly and positively with all three measures of diabetes i...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sandhya Kiran Pemmasani, Rasika Raman, Anuradha Acharya
Introduction: The adiponectin gene, ADIPOQ , encodes an adipocytokine, known as adiponectin hormone. This hormone is known to be associated with insulin sensitization, fat metabolism, immunity, and inflammatory response. Polymorphisms in ADIPOQ gene lower the adiponectin levels, increasing the risk for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Aims: The study aimed to calculate the prevalence rates of ADIPOQ polymorphisms in Indian population and to compare those prevalence rates with that of other populations...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Fatemeh Riyahi Zaniani, Sharareh Moghim, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
Background: Increasing drug resistance is an important factor in the complexity of tuberculosis (TB) control. The identification of disease transmission type, recurrence of a previous infection, or new transmission of the disease is the key factor in the control of TB. In this study, we aimed to identify the genetic diversity of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Isfahan province of Iran through the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) typing method based on 24 loci...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Rebecca Burch, Paul Rizzoli, Elizabeth Loder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this targeted systematic review, we aimed to identify up-to-date prevalence estimates of migraine and severe headache in adults from population-based US government surveys. Our goal was to assess the stability of prevalence estimates over time, and to identify additional information pertinent to the burden and treatment of migraine and other severe headache conditions. METHODS: We searched for the most current publicly available summary statistics from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)...
March 12, 2018: Headache
Manuel Schweizer, Yang Liu, Urban Olsson, Hadoram Shirihai, Qin Huang, Paul J Leader, José Luis Copete, Guy M Kirwan, Guoling Chen, Lars Svensson
Species not only responded idiosyncratically to past climate changes, there were also regionally contrasting effects on spatio-temporal diversification patterns. Studies of closely related species appear to be a particularly promising comparative approach to disentangle such regionally differential impacts. In this study, we undertook a comprehensive geographic sampling to investigate the evolutionary history of the Holarctic Sand Martin Riparia riparia and the chiefly Central and East Asian Pale Martin R. diluta...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Janet M Chiang, Frank Z Stanczyk, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Asian Indians have a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 150 Asian Indians (50% male) from the San Francisco Bay Area. We assessed the association between 25-OH vitamin D (25-OHD) levels and vitamin D deficiency with body composition (anthropometric and radiographic measures) and metabolic outcomes...
March 8, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Beteal Ashinne, Ramachandran Rajalakshmi, Ranjit M Anjana, K M Venkat Narayan, Ramamoorthy Jayashri, Viswanathan Mohan, Andrew M Hendrick
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a condition that has been associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in various populations, but has not been studied in Asian Indians. AIMS: To evaluate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with presence and severity of DR among Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We collected information on individuals with type 2 diabetes that received care at a tertiary diabetes centre in India, between 2012 and 2015...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Ashraf Z Al-Hamdan, Pooja P Preetha, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, William L Crosson, Reem N Albashaireh
This ecological study aimed to assess the association between long-term exposures to outdoor environmental factors and mortality rate from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a diverse and spatially distributed population from 3,094 counties within the U.S. (n > 3,780,000 CVD deaths) using satellite-derived data of PM2.5 concentrations, sunlight, and maximum heat index. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether PM2.5 , sunlight and maximum heat index were related to the odds of the total CVD death rate based on gender, race, and age taking into consideration the confounding risk factors of diabetes, obesity, leisure- time physical inactivity, smoking and socioeconomic status...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Raji P Grewal, Kinsi Oberoi, Leema Reddy Peddareddygari
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C, an autosomal recessive genetic neuropathy, is caused by mutations in the SH3TC2 (SH3 domain and tetratricopeptide repeats 2) gene. Interestingly, although mutations in this gene have been observed in European gypsies, a population that originated in India, there are few publications describing Indian patients. We report our analysis of a 50-year-old woman of Asian Indian descent with onset of progressive distal weakness and sensory loss in childhood. A clinical examination revealed the presence of a neuropathy with pes cavus without spinal abnormalities...
January 2018: Case Reports in Neurology
Rose M Langsjoen, Sherry L Haller, Chad J Roy, Heather Vinet-Oliphant, Nicholas A Bergren, Jesse H Erasmus, Jill A Livengood, Tim D Powell, Scott C Weaver, Shannan L Rossi
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a reemerging arbovirus capable of causing explosive outbreaks of febrile illness, polyarthritis, and polyarthralgia, inflicting severe morbidity on affected populations. CHIKV can be genetically classified into 3 major lineages: West African (WA); East, Central, and South African (ECSA); Indian Ocean (IOL); and Asian. Additionally, the Indian Ocean (IOL) sublineage emerged within the ECSA clade and the Asian/American sublineage emerged within the Asian clade. While differences in epidemiological and pathological characteristics among outbreaks involving different CHIKV lineages and sublineages have been suggested, few targeted investigations comparing lineage virulence levels have been reported...
March 6, 2018: MBio
Teresa Janevic, Jennifer Zeitlin, Natalia Egorova, Amy Balbierz, Elizabeth A Howell
PURPOSE: To examine if the role of obesity in the risk of gestational diabetes differs between immigrant and U.S.-born women. METHODS: We used New York City-linked 2010-2014 birth certificate and hospital data. We created four racial/ethnic groups (non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and Asian) and three subgroups (Mexican, Indian, and Chinese). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was ascertained by the birth certificate checkbox and discharge ICD-9 codes...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
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