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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344368/the-decline-of-arranged-marriage-marital-change-and-continuity-in-india
#1
Keera Allendorf, Roshan K Pandian
This article evaluates whether arranged marriage declined in India from 1970 to 2012. Specifically, the authors examine trends in spouse choice, the length of time spouses knew each other prior to marriage, intercaste marriage, and consanguineous marriage at the national level, as well as by region, urban residence, and religion/caste. During this period, women were increasingly active in choosing their own husbands, spouses meeting on their wedding day decreased, intercaste marriage rose, and consanguineous marriage fell...
September 2016: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332144/efficacy-and-safety-of-ideglira-in-participants-with-type-2-diabetes-in-india-uncontrolled-on-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-and-basal-insulin-data-from-the-dual-clinical-trial-program
#2
Kamlesh Khunti, Viswanathan Mohan, Sunil M Jain, Trine Welløv Boesgaard, Kamilla Begtrup, Bipin Sethi
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and safety of insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) has been evaluated in the Dual Action of Liraglutide and Insulin Degludec in Type 2 Diabetes (DUAL) phase 3 clinical trial program. In this post hoc analysis, we compared the efficacy and safety of IDegLira in the Indian subpopulation with the results from the global trial population of DUAL trials. The analysis includes participants uncontrolled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in DUAL I and DUAL IV and participants uncontrolled on basal insulin and OADs in DUAL II...
March 22, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330330/a-combined-chloroplast-atpb-rbcl-and-trnl-f-phylogeny-unveils-the-ancestry-of-balsams-impatiens-spp-in-the-western-ghats-of-india
#3
P P Shajitha, N R Dhanesh, P J Ebin, Joseph Laly, Devassy Aneesha, John Reshma, Jomy Augustine, Mathew Linu
Only a few Impatiens spp. from South India (one of the five centers of diversity for Impatiens species) were included in the published datum of molecular phylogeny of the family Balsaminaceae. The present investigation is a novel attempt to reveal the phylogenetic association of Impatiens species of South India, by placing them in the global phylogeny of Impatiens based on a combined analysis of two chloroplast genes. Thirty species of genus Impatiens were collected from different locations of South India. Total genomic DNA was extracted from fresh plant leaf, and polymerase chain reaction was carried out using atpB-rbcL and trnL-F intergenic spacer-specific forward and reverse primers...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327512/prevalence-and-determinants-of-suboptimal-vitamin-d-levels-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#4
Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Ling-Jun Li, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong, Ecosse Lamoureux, Charumathi Sabanayagam
This population-based cross-sectional study examined the prevalence and risk factors of suboptimal vitamin D levels (assessed using circulating 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D)) in a multi-ethnic sample of Asian adults. Plasma 25(OH)D concentration of 1139 Chinese, Malay and Indians (40-80 years) were stratified into normal (≥30 ng/mL), and suboptimal (including insufficiency and deficiency, <30 ng/mL) based on the 2011 Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guidelines. Logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of demographic, lifestyle and clinical risk factors with the outcome...
March 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325830/into-africa-molecular-phylogenetics-and-historical-biogeography-of-sub-saharan-african-woodferns-dryopteris
#5
Emily B Sessa, Aino Juslén, Henry Väre, Sally M Chambers
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Our goal was to infer the phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of the genus Dryopteris with a focus on taxa in sub-Saharan Africa and neighboring islands. In general, little is known about the relationships between African fern species and their congeners in other geographic regions, and our aim was to determine whether the sub-Saharan African species of Dryopteris are monophyletic and evolved within Africa or arrived there via repeated dispersals into Africa from other regions...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315864/vitamin-d-status-gender-differences-and-cardiometabolic-health-disparities
#6
Dharambir K Sanghera, Bishwa R Sapkota, Christopher E Aston, Piers R Blackett
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is an unrecognized epidemic found in India and also worldwide. Despite the high prevalence of diabetes among Indians, there is a paucity of data showing the relationship between vitamin D status and cardiometabolic disparities. In this study, we have examined the relationship between vitamin D and cardiometabolic traits in a population from India. METHODS: Circulating 25(OH)D levels were measured in 3,879 participants from the Asian Indian Diabetic Heart Study using ELISA kits...
March 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303943/increased-chemical-weathering-during-the-deglacial-to-mid-holocene-summer-monsoon-intensification
#7
Pavan Miriyala, N P Sukumaran, B Nagender Nath, P B Ramamurty, A V Sijinkumar, B Vijayagopal, V Ramaswamy, Tyson Sebastian
Chemical weathering and the ensuing atmospheric carbon dioxide consumption has long been considered to work on geological time periods until recently when some modelling and natural records have shown that the weathering-related CO2 consumption can change at century to glacial-interglacial time scale. Last glacial to interglacial transition period is a best test case to understand the interplay between Pco2-temperature-chemical weathering when a pulse of rapid chemical weathering was initiated. Here we show, from a high resolution 54 ka record from the Andaman Sea in the northern Indian Ocean, that the chemical weathering responds to deglacial to mid-Holocene summer monsoon intensification in the Myanmar watersheds...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300324/risk-of-stress-fracture-varies-by-race-ethnic-origin-in-a-cohort-study-of-1-3-million-u-s-army-soldiers
#8
Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Julie M Hughes, Craig J McKinnon, Joseph R Kardouni, Katelyn I Guerriere, Kristin L Popp, Ronald W Matheny, Mary L Bouxsein
Stress fractures (SF) are common and costly injuries in military personnel. Risk for SF has been shown to vary with race/ethnicity. Previous studies report increased SF risk in White and Hispanic Soldiers compared to Black soldiers. However, these studies did not account for the large ethnic diversity in the U.S. Military. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify differences in SF risk among racial/ethnic groups within the U.S. Army. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database from 2001 until 2011...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296954/optimized-grid-representation-of-plant-species-richness-in-india-utility-of-an-existing-national-database-in-integrated-ecological-analysis
#9
Poonam Tripathi, Mukund Dev Behera, Partha Sarathi Roy
Data on the distribution of plant species at spatial (grid) scales are required as input for integrative analysis along with related climate, environment, topography and soil data. Although the world's scientific community is increasingly generating data on plant species at various spatial grids and statistically interpolating and extrapolating the available information, data on plant diversity from the Asian continent are scant. Such data are unavailable for India, the mainland of which has part of three of the world's 36 biodiversity hotspots...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296920/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-factors-for-its-progression-a-cross-sectional-comparison-of-indians-living-in-indian-versus-u-s-cities
#10
Shuchi Anand, Dimple Kondal, Maria Montez-Rath, Yuanchao Zheng, Roopa Shivashankar, Kalpana Singh, Priti Gupta, Ruby Gupta, Vamadevan S Ajay, Viswanathan Mohan, Rajendra Pradeepa, Nikhil Tandon, Mohammed K Ali, K M Venkat Narayan, Glenn M Chertow, Namratha Kandula, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND: While data from the latter part of the twentieth century consistently showed that immigrants to high-income countries faced higher cardio-metabolic risk than their counterparts in low- and middle-income countries, urbanization and associated lifestyle changes may be changing these patterns, even for conditions considered to be advanced manifestations of cardio-metabolic disease (e.g., chronic kidney disease [CKD]). METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using cross-sectional data from the Center for cArdiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS, n = 5294) and Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA, n = 748) studies, we investigated whether prevalence of CKD is similar among Indians living in Indian and U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290319/consumer-perception-of-balsamic-vinegar-a-cross-cultural-study-between-korea-and-italy
#11
Luisa Torri, Seon-Young Jeon, Maria Piochi, Gabriella Morini, Kwang-Ok Kim
Understanding cross-cultural differences in food perception is a key issue of food research in order to understand consumer behaviour in different countries. The objective of this study was to explore potential cultural differences of balsamic vinegar perception between Korean and Italian consumers using the sorted napping method. Nine balsamic vinegars different in terms of ingredients, aging time, and origin were evaluated by Korean (n=50) and Italian (n=49) consumers using sorted napping. Familiarity and food matching were also examined...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288924/global-expansion-of-chikungunya-virus-mapping-the-64-year-history
#12
REVIEW
Braira Wahid, Amjad Ali, Shazia Rafique, Muhammad Idrees
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that is emerging as a global threat because of its highly debilitating nature and unprecedented magnitude. The disease originated from Africa and then hit the entire globe causing large number of epidemics that infected millions of people in Asia, Indian subcontinent, Europe, Americas, and Pacific Islands. According to phylogenetic analysis, four different genotypes of CHIKV are: Asian, West African, East/Central/South African (ECSA), and Indian Ocean lineage (IOL)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283692/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacogenetics-of-the-mek1-2-inhibitor-selumetinib-in-asian-and-western-healthy-subjects-a-pooled-analysis
#13
Angela W Dymond, Cathy Elks, Paul Martin, David J Carlile, Gabriella Mariani, Susan Lovick, Yifan Huang, Ulrike Lorch, Helen Brown, Karen So
PURPOSE: Emerging data on selumetinib, a MEK1/2 inhibitor in clinical development, suggest a possible difference in pharmacokinetics (PK) between Japanese and Western patients. This pooled analysis sought to assess the effect of ethnicity on selumetinib exposure in healthy Western and Asian subjects, and to identify any association between genetic variants in the UGT1A1, CYP2C19 and ABCG2 genes and observed differences in selumetinib PK. METHODS: A pooled analysis of data from ten Phase I studies, one in Asian subjects (encompassing Japanese, non-Japanese Asian and Indian Asian subjects) and nine in Western subjects, was conducted...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#14
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281387/barriers-and-motives-to-pa-in-south-asian-indian-immigrant-women
#15
Manju Daniel, Maryann Abendroth, Judith A Erlen
The high prevalence of chronic illnesses in South Asian Indian immigrant women underscores the need for identifying factors that could influence their PA. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the perspectives of South Asian Indian immigrant women related to barriers to and motives for lifestyle PA within the PA Framework for South Asian Indian Immigrants. Forty women participated in focus groups that were conducted in English and Hindi. Focus group questions were open-ended and semistructured...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276881/the-association-of-remotely-sensed-outdoor-fine-particulate-matter-with-cancer-incidence-of-respiratory-system-in-the-usa
#16
Ashraf Z Al-Hamdan, Reem N Albashaireh, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, William L Crosson
This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and respiratory system cancer incidence in the US population (n = 295,404,580) using a satellite-derived estimate of PM2.5 concentrations. Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether PM2.5 was related to the odds of respiratory system cancer (RSC) incidence based on gender and race. Positive linear regressions were found between PM2.5 concentrations and the age-adjusted RSC incidence rates for all groups (Males, Females, Whites, and Blacks) except for Asians and American Indians...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273087/an-aerosol-challenge-model-of-tuberculosis-in-mauritian-cynomolgus-macaques
#17
S A Sharpe, A D White, L Sibley, F Gleeson, G A Hall, R J Basaraba, A McIntyre, S O Clark, K Gooch, P D Marsh, A Williams, M J Dennis
BACKGROUND: New interventions for tuberculosis are urgently needed. Non-human primate (NHP) models provide the most relevant pre-clinical models of human disease and play a critical role in vaccine development. Models utilising Asian cynomolgus macaque populations are well established but the restricted genetic diversity of the Mauritian cynomolgus macaques may be of added value. METHODS: Mauritian cynomolgus macaques were exposed to a range of doses of M. tuberculosis delivered by aerosol, and the outcome was assessed using clinical, imaging and pathology-based measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266760/race-related-differences-in-tissue-dielectric-constant-measured-noninvasively-at-300%C3%A2-mhz-in-male-and-female-skin-at-multiple-sites-and-depths
#18
H N Mayrovitz, S A Mahtani, E Pitts, L Michaelos
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We hypothesized that reported race-related differences in skin properties cause skin and skin-to-fat water differences among races that are measureable by skin tissue dielectric constant (TDC) values that depend strongly on water content. Our first aim was to test this hypothesis. Also, since inter-side TDC ratios are used to assess edema and lymphedema, the second aim was to test if TDC ratios are race-dependent. The third aim was to determine the extent to which TDC depends on total body water (TBW) and fat (TBF)...
March 7, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265344/association-of-nfkb1-gene-polymorphism-rs28362491-with-levels-of-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-susceptibility-to-diabetic-nephropathy-in-asian-indians
#19
Amar Gautam, Stuti Gupta, Mohit Mehndiratta, Mohini Sharma, Kalpana Singh, Om P Kalra, Sunil Agarwal, Jasvinder K Gambhir
AIM: To investigate the association of NFKB1 gene -94 ATTG insertion/deletion (rs28362491) polymorphism with inflammatory markers and risk of diabetic nephropathy in Asian Indians. METHODS: A total of 300 subjects were recruited (100 each), normoglycemic, (NG); type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) without any complications (DM) and T2DM with diabetic nephropathy [DM-chronic renal disease (CRD)]. Analysis was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and ELISA...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260563/-they-shall-see-his-face-blindness-in-british-india-1850-1950
#20
Aparna Nair
This paper explores the social, medical, institutional and enumerative histories of blindness in British India from 1850 to 1950. It begins by tracing the contours and causes of blindness using census records, and then outlines how colonial physicians and observers ascribed both infectious aetiologies and social pathologies to blindness. Blindness was often interpreted as the inevitable consequence of South Asian ignorance, superstition and backwardness. This paper also explores the social worlds of the Blind, with a particular focus on the figure of the blind beggar...
April 2017: Medical History
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