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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345478/racial-ethnic-differences-of-justice-involved-youth-in-substance-related-problems-and-services-received
#1
Leanne L Heaton
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placement across 36 states representing 5 program types. Descriptive analyses and regression modeling techniques were used to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, substance problems, and substance services. Results show that more than 2/3 report a history of at least 1 substance-related problem...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339633/multiple-sclerosis-mortality-by-race-ethnicity-age-sex-and-time-period-in-the-united-states-1999-2015
#2
Lilyana Amezcua, Erica Rivas, Sarah Joseph, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) carries high morbidity and shortens life span. While there is recent recognition of other US minority populations such as blacks and Hispanics being affected with MS, examination of MS-specific mortality trends by race/ethnicity has been lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate MS mortality rates and trends in the United States by sex, age, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: We used the Compressed Mortality data file for 1999-2015 in the Wide-ranging online Data for Epidemiological Research system developed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to calculate the age-adjusted (US 2000 standard population) and age-specific MS mortality rate (per 100,000) by race/ethnicity and sex over time...
January 16, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327409/cultural-aspects-of-pain-a-study-of-indian-asian-women-in-the-uk
#3
Stephanie Holt, Jackie Waterfield
OBJECTIVES: Culture and ethnicity are acknowledged as important factors in the context of the biopsychosocial model. They may contribute to explaining the experience of pain, therapeutic encounters within healthcare, and the strategies that individuals use to cope with pain. The present study explored these issues in a sample of Indian Asian women in the UK. METHODS: Based on a phenomenological approach, 17 women participated in five semi-structured group interviews...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318510/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-pregnancy-rates-following-intrauterine-insemination-with-a-focus-on-american-indians
#4
LaTasha B Craig, Elizabeth A Weedin, William D Walker, Amanda E Janitz, Karl R Hansen, Jennifer D Peck
BACKGROUND: No research exists on American Indian pregnancy rates following infertility treatment. Most racial/ethnic fertility research has focused on pregnancy following in vitro fertilization, with only rare studies looking at intrauterine insemination (IUI). The objective of our study was to compare fecundability following IUI by race/ethnicity, with a special focus on American Indians. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of subjects undergoing IUI July 2007-May 2012 at a university-based infertility clinic...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317321/differential-distribution-and-association-of-fto-rs9939609-gene-polymorphism-with-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-two-tribal-populations-of-india-with-east-asian-ancestry
#5
Somorjit Singh Ningombam, Varhlun Chhungi, Masan Kambo Newmei, Sunanda Rajkumari, Naorem Kiranmala Devi, Prakash Ranjan Mondal, Kallur Nava Saraswathy
The fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) rs9939609 gene polymorphism is most widely studied in terms of obesity in various populations. Recently, the prevalence of obesity has been reported to be very high among the North-Eastern State of India. The major aim of the present study is to understand the extent of FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism and its association with obesity among the two North-East Indian tribal populations with similar East Asian ancestry. Somatometric data and fasting blood sample were collected from 521 tribal individuals (258 Liangmai and 263 Mizo) of Manipur after obtaining written informed consent...
January 6, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316593/demographics-of-tennis-related-injuries-that-presented-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#6
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Neil V Shah, Mikhail Tretiakov, Alexandr Aylyarov, Gregory S Penny, Joanne C Dekis, Jonathan N Chorney, Natasha Ahmed, Nipun Sodhi, Alyeesha B Wilhelm, William P Urban, Carl B Paulino, Jared M Newman
INTRODUCTION: Tennis injuries are not uncommon, and efforts have been made to reduce the risk of these injuries. There are a number of different factors that have been shown to influence injury rates of tennis players, in particular patient-related risks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of tennis-related injuries. Specifically, we evaluated: 1) demographics; 2) incidence and trends of injuries; and 3) incidence and trends of body parts that were injured...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309485/trends-in-severe-obesity-among-children-aged-2-to-4-years-enrolled-in-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-from-2000-to-2014
#7
Liping Pan, Sohyun Park, Renata Slayton, Alyson B Goodman, Heidi M Blanck
Importance: Severe obesity in childhood is associated with negative health consequences. A previous study examined trends in severe obesity among preschool-aged children in low-income families during 1998 to 2010. No recent trends have been reported. Objective: To examine trends in severe obesity by age, sex, and race/ethnicity among enrollees in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) aged 2 to 4 years during 2000 to 2014...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306576/an-untapped-resource-in-the-nursing-workforce-licensed-practical-nurses-who-transition-to-become-registered-nurses
#8
Cheryl B Jones, Mark Toles, George J Knafl, Anna S Beeber
BACKGROUND: A more diverse registered nurse (RN) workforce is needed to provide health care in North Carolina (NC) and nationally. Studies describing licensed practical nurse (LPN) career transitions to RNs are lacking. PURPOSE: To characterize the occurrence of LPN-to-RN professional transitions; compare key characteristics of LPNs who do and do not make such a transition; and compare key characteristics of LPNs who do transition in the years prior to and following their transition...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302464/the-role-of-lp-pla2-and-biochemistry-parameters-as-potential-biomarkers-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-asian-south-indians-a-case-control-study
#9
Sai Giridhar Sairam, Srikanth Sola, Asha Barooah, Sai Kiran Javvaji, Jiten Jaipuria, Vijayalakshmi Venkateshan, Janardhana Chelli, Carani Balaraman Sanjeevi
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an emerging biomarker for inflammation that has shown association with CAD. Its significance in the Asian Indian population is not clearly known. We sought to compare the possible association of various biomarkers of atherosclerosis along with Lp-PLA2, in symptomatic individuals with CAD vs. healthy controls in Asian South-Indians. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional case control study at three centers in a South Indian population...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297311/application-of-geographic-population-structure-gps-algorithm-for-biogeographical-analyses-of-populations-with-complex-ancestries-a-case-study-of-south-asians-from-1000-genomes-project
#10
Ranajit Das, Priyanka Upadhyai
BACKGROUND: The utilization of biological data to infer the geographic origins of human populations has been a long standing quest for biologists and anthropologists. Several biogeographical analysis tools have been developed to infer the geographical origins of human populations utilizing genetic data. However due to the inherent complexity of genetic information these approaches are prone to misinterpretations. The Geographic Population Structure (GPS) algorithm is an admixture based tool for biogeographical analyses and has been employed for the geo-localization of various populations worldwide...
December 28, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294843/racial-differences-among-juvenile-homicide-offenders-an-empirical-analysis-of-37-years-of-u-s-arrest-data
#11
Kathleen M Heide, Cedric Michel, John Cochran, Norair Khachatryan
Homicides by juvenile offenders have been of great interest to the public and policymakers in the United States for four decades. Despite the concern over young murderers, many analyses have been limited to small clinical samples. Empirical studies using Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) data, a national database maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, have largely concentrated on analyzing basic victim, offender, and offense data or exploring gender differences. Racial differences, when explored with respect to juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs), largely have concentrated on White and Black offenders, given the low percentage involvement of American Indians and Alaskan Natives, and Asian and Pacific Islanders...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289642/disparities-in-cigarette-tax-exposure-by-race-ethnicity-poverty-and-sexual-orientation-2006-2014-usa
#12
Shelley D Golden, Amanda Y Kong, Joseph G L Lee, Kurt M Ribisl
Cigarette excise taxes are an effective tobacco control strategy but they vary geographically due to differences in state and local taxation. There are also pronounced sociodemographic differences in community composition, suggesting that different population groups might face vastly different cigarette excise tax rates. In this study, we examine how cigarette excise tax rates differ for population groups defined by race, ethnicity, poverty status, and sexual orientation, and how these differences have evolved over time...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287842/high-prevalence-of-obesity-among-nursing-personnel-working-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#13
M Aslam, A A Siddiqui, G Sandeep, S V Madhu
AIM: To find out the prevalence of obesity and glucose intolerance among nurses working in tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Study was conducted in 496 apparently healthy females comprising two groups. Group B had 290 nurses and control group A had 206 age matched female subjects of general population. Detailed performa was filled which included anthropometry, systemic examination and other details. Fasting plasma glucose was done followed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285453/predisposition-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-deletion-deletion-genotype-to-coronary-artery-disease-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-south-india
#14
Dhivakar Mani, Rathika Chinniah, Padmamalini Ravi, Krishnan Swaminathan, R A Janarthanan, Murali Vijayan, Kamaraj Raju, Balakrishnan Karuppiah
Background: Worldwide, South Asians contribute to a high proportion of coronary artery disease (CAD) burden, mainly attributed to a high prevalence of diabetes. Early identification of such high-risk individuals would enable aggressive disease modification and prevention of complications. Definition of susceptible genotypes early in the course of disease may be one such avenue for reduction in morbidity and mortality from CAD. Aim: Our study was aimed to investigate the insertion/deletion polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE I/D) gene and susceptibility to CAD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a South Indian population...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280058/ethnicity-does-not-influence-glycemic-outcomes-or-diabetes-remission-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-or-gastric-bypass-in-a-multiethnic-asian-cohort
#15
Phong Ching Lee, Kwang Wei Tham, Sonali Ganguly, Hong Chang Tan, Alvin Kim Hock Eng, John B Dixon
BACKGROUND: In Asia, metabolic-bariatric surgery (MBS) rates have grown rapidly in parallel with rising prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors that influence glycemic outcomes and diabetes remission 12 months after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or gastric bypass (GB) in a multiethnic Asian cohort. SETTING: The study's setting was in a tertiary hospital in Singapore. METHODS: Data from 145 T2D patients who had SG (37%) or GB (63%) and at least 1-year follow-up were analyzed...
December 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261089/the-collaborative-ocular-tuberculosis-study-cots-1-report-3-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-tubercular-uveitis-global-trends
#16
Aniruddha Agarwal, Rupesh Agrawal, Dinesh Visva Gunasekaran, Dhananjay Raje, Bhaskar Gupta, Kanika Aggarwal, Somasheila L Murthy, Mark Westcott, Soon Phaik Chee, Peter Mccluskey, Ho Su Ling, Stephen Teoh, Luca Cimino, Jyotirmay Biswas, Shishir Narain, Manisha Agarwal, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Moncef Khairallah, Nicholas Jones, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Kalpana Babu, Soumayava Basu, Ester Carreño, Richard Lee, Hassan Al-Dhibi, Bahram Bodaghi, Alessandro Invernizzi, Debra A Goldstein, Carl P Herbort, Talin Barisani-Asenbauer, Julio J González-López, Sofia Androudi, Reema Bansal, Bruttendu Moharana, Sarakshi Mahajan, Simona Esposti, Anastasia Tasiopoulou, Sengal Nadarajah, Mamta Agarwal, Sharanya Abraham, Ruchi Vala, Ramandeep Singh, Aman Sharma, Kusum Sharma, Manfred Zierhut, Onn Min Kon, Emmett Cunningham, Quan Dong Nguyen, Carlos Pavesio, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of ocular fluids in management of tubercular (TB) anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. METHODS: In Collaborative Ocular Tuberculosis Study (COTS)-1 (25 centers, n = 962), patients with TB-related uveitis were included. 59 patients undergoing PCR of intraocular fluids (18 females; 53 Asian Indians) were included. RESULTS: 59 (6.13%) of COTS-1 underwent PCR analysis...
December 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246566/food-behaviors-and-dietary-acculturation-of-asian-indians-in-the-us
#17
Sumathi Venkatesh, Lorraine J Weatherspoon
OBJECTIVE: To examine food behaviors and dietary acculturation of Asian Indians in the US. DESIGN: Qualitative focus group discussions. SETTING: Public library and university. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty Asian Indian adults in a US Midwestern state. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participant perceptions of food behaviors and 24-hour modified weekday and weekend dietary recalls. ANALYSIS: Eight focus group transcripts and participant dietary recalls were independently analyzed by 2 Asian Indian moderators using the constant comparison method...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245565/the-south-asian-millipede-genus-i-chondromorpha-i-silvestri-1897-diplopoda-polydesmida-paradoxosomatidae-sulciferini-redescriptions-and-synonymies
#18
Pradeep M Sankaran, Pothalil A Sebastian
The South Asian millipede genus Chondromorpha Silvestri, 1897 is diagnosed and its relationship with Parchondromorpha Jeekel, 1980 is established. The species C. atopus (Chamberlin, 1920) and C. indus (Chamberlin, 1920), as well as the subspecies C. kelaarti kelaarti (Humbert, 1865), C. kelaarti longipes (Verhoeff, 1936) and C. kelaarti valparaiensis (Carl, 1932) are recognised as junior synonyms of C. kelaarti (Humbert, 1865), thereby reducing the total number of Chondromorpha spp. in India to four: C. kaimura Turk, 1947, C...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243674/turmeric-a-condiment-cosmetic-and-cure
#19
REVIEW
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) is an integral part of Asian culture and cuisine. It has been used in traditional medicine since centuries. A myriad of health benefits have been attributed to it. Curcumin, the most biologically active curcuminoid in turmeric, is being investigated in pre-clinical and clinical trials for its role in disease prevention and cure. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, anti-proliferative and antimicrobial effects. We review the chemistry of this plant, its cultural relevance in Indian skin care, and its uses in dermatology...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237471/correlates-of-occupational-leisure-and-total-sitting-time-in-working-adults-results-from-the-singapore-multi-ethnic-cohort
#20
Léonie Uijtdewilligen, Jason Dean-Chen Yin, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the health risks of sitting is accumulating. However, research identifying factors influencing sitting time in adults is limited, especially in Asian populations. This study aimed to identify socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in a sample of Singapore working adults. METHODS: Data were collected between 2004 and 2010 from participants of the Singapore Multi Ethnic Cohort (MEC). Medical exclusion criteria for cohort participation were cancer, heart disease, stroke, renal failure and serious mental illness...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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