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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219043/epilepsy-by-the-numbers-epilepsy-deaths-by-age-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-united-states-significantly-increased-from-2005-to-2014
#1
Sujay F Greenlund, Janet B Croft, Rosemarie Kobau
To inform public health efforts to prevent epilepsy-related deaths, we used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER; Wonder.cdc.gov) to examine any-listed epilepsy deaths for the period 2005-2014 by age groups (≤24, 25-44, 45-64, 65-84, ≥85years), sex, and race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native). Epilepsy deaths were defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes G40...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217520/elevated-glycated-hemoglobin-predicts-macrosomia-among-asian-indian-pregnant-women-wings-9
#2
Balaji Bhavadharini, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Mohan Deepa, Ranjani Harish, Belma Malanda, Arivudainambi Kayal, Anne Belton, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Unnikrishnan Ranjit, Ram Uma, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the optimal glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) cut point for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to evaluate the usefulness of HbA1c as a prognostic indicator for adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: HbA1c estimations were carried out in 1459 pregnant women attending antenatal care centers in urban and rural Tamil Nadu in South India. An oral glucose tolerance test was carried out using 75 g anhydrous glucose, and GDM was diagnosed using the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217509/relevance-of-the-triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-as-an-important-lipid-fraction-in-apparently-healthy-young-and-middle-aged-indian-men
#3
Aparna Kohli, Anupa Siddhu, Ravindra M Pandey, K Srinath Reddy
CONTEXT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the largest cause of mortality in Indians. Insulin resistance and related dyslipidemia of increased triglyceride (TG), small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) particles, and decreased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are associated with increased risk of CVD. TG/HDL-C ratio could be a potential surrogate marker for this South Asian phenotype. Data are scarce on the relevance of TG/HDL-C ratio as a useful lipid marker among Indians...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216859/prevalence-of-phantom-limb-pain-stump-pain-and-phantom-limb-sensation-among-the-amputated-cancer-patients-in-india-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Arif Ahmed, Sushma Bhatnagar, Seema Mishra, Deepa Khurana, Saurabh Joshi, Syed Mehmood Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: The phantom limb pain (PLP) and phantom limb sensation (PLS) are very common among amputated cancer patients, and they lead to considerable morbidity. In spite of this, there is a lack of epidemiological data of this phenomenon among the Asian population. This study was done to provide the data from Indian population. METHODS: The prevalence of PLP, stump pain (SP), and PLS was prospectively analyzed from the amputated cancer patients over a period of 2 years in Dr...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215050/racial-disparities-in-preventable-risk-factors-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#5
Sunshine Dwojak, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To demonstrate racial differences in preventable risk behaviors/practices that contribute to head and neck cancer (HNCA). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of large national risk factor survey. METHODS: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 2013 was analyzed. Demographic data were extracted, including age, sex, and race. Social habits considered risk factors for HNCA were also extracted, including alcohol consumption, smoking, and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination status...
February 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#6
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205236/trends-in-us-minority-red-blood-cell-unit-donations
#7
Mark H Yazer, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Ralph Vassallo, Alyssa Ziman, Beth Shaz
BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors...
February 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182814/gender-differences-in-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-cardiovascular-disease-and-its-treatment-among-asian-patients
#8
Tong Shen, Tse Yean Teo, Jonathan Jl Yap, Khung Keong Yeo
Introduction: Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) impact on cardiac disease outcomes, with noted cultural and gender differences. In this Asian cohort, we aimed to analyse the KAP of patients towards cardiac diseases and pertinent factors that influence such behaviour, focusing on gender differences. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed among consecutive outpatients from a cardiac clinic over 2 months in 2014. Results: Of 1406 patients approached, 1000 (71.1%) responded (mean age 57...
January 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176298/what-does-the-u-s-medicare-administrative-claims-database-tell-us-about-initial-antiepileptic-drug-treatment-for-older-adults-with-new-onset-epilepsy
#9
Roy C Martin, Edward Faught, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Joshua Richman, Ellen Funkhouser, Kendra Piper, Lucia Juarez, Chen Dai, Maria Pisu
OBJECTIVE: Disparities in epilepsy treatment are not uncommon; therefore, we examined population-based estimates of initial antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in new-onset epilepsy among racial/ethnic minority groups of older US Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of 2008-2010 Medicare administrative claims for a 5% random sample of beneficiaries augmented for minority representation. New-onset epilepsy cases in 2009 had ≥1 International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) 345...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174069/survival-after-dementia-diagnosis-in-five-racial-ethnic-groups
#10
Elizabeth R Mayeda, M Maria Glymour, Charles P Quesenberry, Julene K Johnson, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Rachel A Whitmer
INTRODUCTION: Information on anticipated survival time after dementia diagnosis among racially/ethnically diverse patients is needed to plan for care and evaluate disparities. METHODS: Dementia-free health care members aged ≥64 years were followed (1/1/2000-12/31/2013) for dementia diagnosis and subsequent survival (n = 23,032 Asian American; n = 18,778 African American; n = 21,000 Latino; n = 4543 American Indian/Alaska Native; n = 206,490 white). Kaplan-Meier curves were estimated for survival after dementia diagnosis by race/ethnicity...
February 4, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173851/zika-how-safe-is-india
#11
EDITORIAL
C George Priya Doss, R Siva, B Prabhu Christopher, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Hailong Zhu
Zika virus, which originated from a forest in Uganda, has affected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Most people infected with Zika are asymptomatic and present with clinical manifestations ranging from mild fever to severe neurological disorders. Recent outbreaks in Southeast Asian countries, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has warned pregnant woman to avoid nonessential traveling to 11 Asian countries. Reports about the sexual transmission route of Zika have pushed the World Health Organization to declare it a 'public health emergency'...
January 31, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168201/effectiveness-of-a-group-based-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-intervention-program-on-changes-in-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#12
Rupal M Patel, Ranjita Misra, Sudha Raj, Ashok Balasubramanyam
This study used an experimental, pretest-posttest control group repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention program to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Gujarati Asian Indians (AIs) in an urban community in the US. Participants included 70 adult AIs in the greater Houston metropolitan area. The primary outcomes were reduction in weight and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and improvement in physical activity. Participants were screened for risk factors and randomly assigned to a 12-week group-based lifestyle intervention program (n = 34) or a control group (n = 36) that received standard print material on diabetes prevention...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161768/erap1-rs30187-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-does-not-confer-disease-susceptibility-in-north-indian-children-with-enthesitis-related-arthritis
#13
Rajni Srivastava, Sanat Phatak, Amita Aggarwal
ERAP1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are associated with ankylosing spondylitis. Data on ERAP1SNPs in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is scarce. ERAP1 rs30187 SNP was shown to confer risk in the enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) category of JIA. We examined the prevalence and association of this SNP in Indian children with ERA. SNPs in ERAP1 (rs30187) were genotyped in children with ERA (n = 271), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) (n = 213) and healthy controls (n = 101), using Taqman genotyping...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139318/cochlear-duct-length-one-size-fits-all
#14
J F Thong, D Low, A Tham, C Liew, T Y Tan, H W Yuen
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies demonstrated the utility of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans in measuring basal cochlear length and cochlear insertion depths. These studies showed significant variations in the anatomy of the cochlea amongst humans. The aim of our study was to investigate for gender and racial variations in the basal turn length of the human cochlea in an Asian population. METHOD: HRCT temporal bone data from year 1997 till 2012 of patients with normally developed cochleae who reported with otologic disease was obtained...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134463/review-pharmacogenetics-of-alcoholism-treatment-implications-of-ethnic-diversity
#15
Anita Cservenka, Megan M Yardley, Lara A Ray
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pharmacogenetic studies of alcohol use disorder (AUD) have suggested that the efficacy of treatments for AUD is, in part, influenced by the genetic background of an individual. Since the frequency of alleles associated with pharmacotherapy for AUD varies by ancestral background, the effectiveness of medications used to treat AUD may vary among different populations. The purpose of this review is to summarize the existing pharmacogenetic studies of treatments for AUD in individuals of European, East Asian, African, and American Indian/Alaska Native ancestry...
November 4, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131493/trends-in-premature-mortality-in-the-usa-by-sex-race-and-ethnicity-from-1999-to-2014-an-analysis-of-death-certificate-data
#16
Meredith S Shiels, Pavel Chernyavskiy, William F Anderson, Ana F Best, Emily A Haozous, Patricia Hartge, Philip S Rosenberg, David Thomas, Neal D Freedman, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Reduction of premature mortality is a UN Sustainable Development Goal. Unlike other high-income countries, age-adjusted mortality in the USA plateaued in 2010 and increased slightly in 2015, possibly because of rising premature mortality. We aimed to analyse trends in mortality in the USA between 1999 and 2014 in people aged 25-64 years by age group, sex, and race and ethnicity, and to identify specific causes of death underlying the temporal trends. METHODS: For this analysis, we used cause-of-death and demographic data from death certificates from the US National Center for Health Statistics, and population estimates from the US Census Bureau...
January 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129358/prevalence-risk-factors-and-impact-of-undiagnosed-visually-significant-cataract-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#17
Jacqueline Chua, Blanche Lim, Eva K Fenwick, Alfred Tau Liang Gan, Ava Grace Tan, Ecosse Lamoureux, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and impact of undiagnosed visually significant cataract in an Asian population. METHODS: The Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases is a population-based study where 8,697 adults of Malay, Indian, and Chinese ethnicities aged > 40 years were invited for an eye examination, including lens photograph, to establish cataract diagnosis. Visually significant cataract was defined by Wisconsin Cataract Grading System and a best-corrected visual acuity <20/40 with cataract as the primary cause of vision impairment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126462/exploring-genetic-variation-in-haplotypes-of-the-filariasis-vector-culex-quinquefasciatus-diptera-culicidae-through-dna-barcoding
#18
Chithravel Vadivalagan, Pushparaj Karthika, Kadarkarai Murugan, Chellasamy Panneerselvam, Paola Del Serrone, Giovanni Benelli
Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) is a vector of many pathogens and parasites of humans, as well as domestic and wild animals. In urban and semi-urban Asian countries, Cx. quinquefasciatus is a main vector of nematodes causing lymphatic filariasis. In the African region, it vectors the Rift Valley fever virus, while in the USA it transmits West Nile, St. Louis encephalitis and Western equine encephalitis virus. In this study, DNA barcoding was used to explore the genetic variation of Cx. quinquefasciatus populations from 88 geographical regions...
January 23, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123479/three-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-chinese-population
#19
Meijun Chen, Xuelong Zhang, Qingxiao Fang, Tongtong Wang, Tingting Li, Hong Qiao
An Indian study recently observed three new loci: rs9552911 in the SGCG, rs1593304 near PLXNA4 and rs4858889 in SCAP associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a south Asian population. The present study aimed to validate these findings in a Chinese population. We genotyped the above three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs9552911, rs1593304, and rs4858889, in a group of 1,972 Chinese individuals, comprising of 966 type 2 diabetic patients and 976 controls. Anthropometric variables and biochemical traits were measured in all the participants...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123211/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-rates-of-traumatic-injury-in-arizona-2011-2012
#20
Vatsal Chikani, Maureen Brophy, Anne Vossbrink, Robyn N Blust, Mary Benkert, Chris Salvino, Conrad Diven, Rogelio Martinez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of traumatic injury among five racial/ethnic groups in Arizona and to identify which mechanisms and intents of traumatic injury were predominant in each group. METHODS: We obtained 2011 and 2012 data on traumatic injury from Arizona's trauma registry and data on mortality from Arizona's death registry. We calculated location- and age-adjusted rates (aRs) of traumatic injury and rates of mortality per 100,000 Arizona residents and rate ratios (RRs) for each racial/ethnic group...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
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