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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944459/the-changing-demographic-profile-of-dentists-and-dental-specialists-in-south-africa-2002-2015
#1
Ahmed Bhayat, Usuf Chikte
INTRODUCTION: It is essential to have regular audits of the number of oral health personnel so that planning, delivery of services and training can be addressed. There has not been such an audit in South Africa (SA) for more than 10 years. AIM: To determine the demographic profile of dentists and dental specialists (DS) between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: A retrospective record-based study was used and all dentists and DS registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) from 2002 till 2015 were included...
September 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941853/predominance-of-central-asian-and-european-families-among-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-kashmir-valley-india
#2
Gulnaz Bashir, Tehmeena Wani, Pragya Sharma, V M Katoch, Rubina Lone, Azra Shah, Kiran Katoch, D K Kakru, Devendra Singh Chauhan
BACKGROUND: As there are no data available regarding the strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis circulating in Kashmir Valley, India, the current study aimed at describing the genetic diversity of M. tuberculosis strains in this region, by spoligotyping and 12-locus-based MIRU-VNTR typing (Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit-Variable Number Tandem Repeat). METHODS: Sputa from 207 smear positive cases with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis were subjected to culture for M...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935855/establishing-multiple-omics-baselines-for-three-southeast-asian-populations-in-the-singapore-integrative-omics-study
#3
Woei-Yuh Saw, Erwin Tantoso, Husna Begum, Lihan Zhou, Ruiyang Zou, Cheng He, Sze Ling Chan, Linda Wei-Lin Tan, Lai-Ping Wong, Wenting Xu, Don Kyin Nwe Moong, Yenly Lim, Bowen Li, Nisha Esakimuthu Pillai, Trevor A Peterson, Tomasz Bielawny, Peter J Meikle, Piyushkumar A Mundra, Wei-Yen Lim, Ma Luo, Kee-Seng Chia, Rick Twee-Hee Ong, Liam R Brunham, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Heng Phon Too, Richie Soong, Markus R Wenk, Peter Little, Yik-Ying Teo
The Singapore Integrative Omics Study provides valuable insights on establishing population reference measurement in 364 Chinese, Malay, and Indian individuals. These measurements include > 2.5 millions genetic variants, 21,649 transcripts expression, 282 lipid species quantification, and 284 clinical, lifestyle, and dietary variables. This concept paper introduces the depth of the data resource, and investigates the extent of ethnic variation at these omics and non-omics biomarkers. It is evident that there are specific biomarkers in each of these platforms to differentiate between the ethnicities, and intra-population analyses suggest that Chinese and Indians are the most biologically homogeneous and heterogeneous, respectively, of the three groups...
September 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934183/trends-in-cervical-cancer-screening-in-title-x-funded-health-centers-united-states-2005-2015
#4
Christina I Fowler, Mona Saraiya, Susan B Moskosky, Jacqueline W Miller, Julia Gable, Nancy Mautone-Smith
Cervical cancer screening is critical to early detection and treatment of precancerous cells and cervical cancer. In 2015, 83% of U.S. women reported being screened per current recommendations, which is below the Healthy People 2020 target of 93% (1,2). Disparities in screening persist for women who are younger (aged 21-30 years), have lower income, are less educated, are uninsured, lack a source of health care, or who self-identify as Asian or American Indian/Alaska Native (2). Women who are never screened or rarely screened are more likely to develop cancer and receive a cancer diagnosis at later stages than women who are screened regularly (3)...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928306/correlates-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-women-of-an-ethnic-tribal-community-of-tripura
#5
Purnajita Sen, Sandeep Das, Dipayan Choudhuri
Cardiometabolic health status of 356 women (age 25-65 years) from Tripuri tribal community of Tripura, a Northeastern state of India was evaluated. The height, weight, waist, hip circumference and blood pressure, blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were recorded. Cardiometabolic risk was assessed according to the recent definition for Asian Indians. The overall prevalence of cardiometabolic risk was found to be 27...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926508/racial-ethnic-variation-in-emergency-department-care-for-children-with-asthma
#6
Heather G Zook, Nathaniel R Payne, Susan E Puumala, Katherine M Ziegler, Anupam B Kharbanda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation between racial/ethnic groups in emergency department (ED) treatment of asthma for pediatric patients. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of pediatric (2-18 years) asthma visits among 6 EDs in the Upper Midwest between June 2011 and May 2012. We used mixed-effects logistic regression to assess the odds of receiving steroids, radiology tests, and returning to the ED within 30 days. We conducted a subanalysis of asthma visits where patients received at least 1 albuterol treatment in the ED...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911992/is-corneal-arcus-independently-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-asians
#7
Mark Yu Zheng Wong, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Preeti Gupta, Sing Hui Lim, Blanche Lim, Yih-Chung Tham, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux
PURPOSE: To examine the longitudinal relationship between baseline corneal arcus (CA) and incident CVD in ethnic Indian and Malay adults in Singapore. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. METHODS: Indian and Malay adults aged 40-80 years were recruited for baseline and 6-year follow-up visits between 2004-09 and 2010-15, respectively (follow-up response rate 73.9%). CA was assessed by ophthalmologists using slit-lamp biomicroscopy. The main outcome was self-reported incident CVD, defined as new myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or stroke, which developed between baseline and follow-up...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910571/factors-that-influence-tear-meniscus-area-and-conjunctivochalasis-the-singapore-indian-eye-study
#8
Stanley Poh, Ryan Lee, Jennifer Gao, Carin Tan, Preeti Gupta, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien-Yin Wong, Louis Tong
PURPOSE: Assessment of tear film and conjunctiva is critical to define presence and severity of ocular surface disease. We aimed to characterize tear meniscus area (TMA) and conjunctivochalasis by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) in population-based patients and identify potential factors associated with low TMA and severe conjunctivochalasis. METHODS: Study subjects were enrolled from The Singapore Indian Eye Study, a population-based study of Asian Indian in Singapore...
September 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898713/longitudinal-trends-in-hba1c-and-associations-with-comorbidity-and-all-cause-mortality-in-asian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cohort-study
#9
Miyang Luo, Wei Yen Lim, Chuen Seng Tan, Yilin Ning, Kee Seng Chia, Rob M van Dam, Wern Ee Tang, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Richard Chen, E Shyong Tai, Kavita Venkataraman
AIMS: This study examined longitudinal trends in HbA1c in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort of diabetes patients, and the associations of these trends with future risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, end stage renal failure (ESRD) and all-cause mortality. METHODS: 6079 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Singapore were included. HbA1c measurements for the five years previous to recruitment were used to identify patterns of HbA1c trends. Outcomes were recorded through linkage with the National Disease Registry...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895578/challenges-in-comprehensive-management-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-in-the-asian-spinal-cord-network-region-findings-of-a-survey-of-experts-patients-and-consumers
#10
H S Chhabra, S Sharma, M Arora
STUDY DESIGN: Online survey. OBJECTIVES: To understand the prevailing scenario of the comprehensive management of spinal cord injuries (SCI) in India and in the Asian Spinal Cord Network (ASCoN) region, especially with a view to document the challenges faced and its impact. SETTING: Indian Spinal Injuries Centre. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed which covered various aspects of SCI management. Patients, consumers (spinal injured patients discharged since at least 1 year) and experts in SCI management from different parts of India and the ASCoN region were approached to complete the survey...
September 12, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888273/multinational-and-multiethnic-variations-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nancy Luo, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Wan Ting Tay, Inder S Anand, William E Kraus, Houng Bang Liew, Lieng Hsi Ling, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, A Mark Richards, Wataru Shimizu, David J Whellan, Jonathan Yap, Carolyn S P Lam, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with heart failure (HF) is an important goal of clinical care and HF research. We sought to investigate ethnic differences in perceived HRQoL and its association with mortality among patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35%, controlling for demographic characteristics and HF severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared 5697 chronic HF patients of Indian (26%), white (23%), Chinese (17%), Japanese/Koreans (12%), black (12%), and Malay (10%) ethnicities from the HF-ACTION and ASIAN-HF multinational studies using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ; range 0-100; higher scores reflect better health status)...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862199/an-update-on-studies-on-etiological-factors-disease-progression-and-malignant-transformation-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#12
REVIEW
Samiha Bari, Rashmi Metgud, Zankhana Vyas, Aniruddh Tak
Worldwide estimates of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) show a confinement to Indians and Southeast Asians. In India, the prevalence of OSMF has increased over the past four decades from 0.03% to 6.42%. The condition is well recognized for its malignant potential rate of 7-30%. The condition has a multifactorial etiology and may remain either stationary or become severe, leaving an individual physically challenged both physically and psychologically. Hence, the study aims at reviewing studies done on various etiological factors leading to its onset...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859608/refining-the-south-asian-origin-of-the-romani-people
#13
Bela I Melegh, Zsolt Banfai, Kinga Hadzsiev, Attila Miseta, Bela Melegh
BACKGROUND:  Recent genetic studies based on genome-wide Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) data further investigated the history of Roma and suggested that the source of South Asian ancestry in Roma originates most likely from the Northwest region of India. METHODS: In this study, based also on genome-wide SNP data, we attempted to refine these findings using significantly larger number of European Roma samples, an extended dataset of Indian groups and involving Pakistani groups into the analyses...
August 31, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852903/contextual-factors-related-to-conventional-and-traditional-tobacco-use-among-california-asian-indian-immigrants
#14
Minal Patel, Ritesh Mistry, Annette E Maxwell, Hozefa A Divan, William J McCarthy
California's tobacco control program contracted for tobacco use surveillance of Asian Indian Americans to address the paucity of information about tobacco use in this community, given their growing proportion of California's population. This study examined correlates of conventional (CTU) and Asian Indian traditional tobacco use (TTU) in a population-based sample of predominantly immigrant Asian Indian adults residing in California (N = 3228). The analytic sample (n = 2140) was limited to self-identified immigrants from India...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852206/do-gender-and-ethnic-differences-in-fasting-leptin-in-indians-and-creoles-of-mauritius-persist-beyond-differences-in-adiposity
#15
S Hunma, H Ramuth, J L Miles-Chan, Y Schutz, J-P Montani, N Joonas, A G Dulloo
Recent body composition studies on the island of Mauritius in young adults belonging to the two main ethnicities-Indians (South Asian descent) and Creoles (African/Malagasy descent)-have shown gender-specific ethnic differences in their body mass index (BMI)-Fat% relationships. We investigated here whether potential gender and ethnic differences in blood leptin would persist beyond that explained by differences in body composition. In healthy young adult Mauritian Indians and Creoles (79 men and 80 women; BMI range:15-41 kg/m(2)), we investigated the relationships between fasted serum leptin with BMI, waist circumference (WC), total fat% assessed by deuterium oxide dilution technique and central adiposity (trunk fat%) assessed by abdominal bioimpedance analysis...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841853/childhood-cancer-incidence-by-ethnic-group-in-england-2001-2007-a-descriptive-epidemiological-study
#16
Shameq Sayeed, Isobel Barnes, Raghib Ali
BACKGROUND: After the first year of life, cancers are the commonest cause of death in children. Incidence rates vary between ethnic groups, and recent advances in data linkage allow for a more accurate estimation of these variations. Identifying such differences may help identify potential risk or protective factors for certain childhood cancers. This study thus aims to ascertain whether such differences do indeed exist using nationwide data across seven years, as have previously been described in adult cancers...
August 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840781/the-role-of-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-in-southeast-asian-mothers-parenting-sensitivity
#17
Jeremy Heng, Jeffry Quan, Lit Wee Sim, Shamini Sanmugam, Birit Broekman, Jean-François Bureau, Michael J Meaney, Joanna D Holbrook, Anne Rifkin-Graboi
Past research indicates that socioeconomic status (SES) accounts for differences in sensitivity across ethnic groups. However, comparatively little work has been conducted in Asia, with none examining whether ethnicity moderates the relation between SES and sensitivity. We assessed parenting behavior in 293 Singaporean citizen mothers of 6-month olds (153 Chinese, 108 Malay, 32 Indian) via the Maternal Behavioral Q-Sort for video interactions. When entered into the same model, SES (F(1,288) = 17.777, p < ...
August 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837736/prevalence-and-associations-of-retinal-emboli-with-ethnicity-stroke-and-renal-disease-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-disease-study
#18
Ning Cheung, Kelvin Teo, Wanting Zhao, Jie Jin Wang, Kumari Neelam, Nicholas Y Q Tan, Paul Mitchell, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong
Importance: To our knowledge, population-based data on retinal emboli are limited in Asia. Besides its associations with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and stroke, associations between retinal emboli and renal disease and function remain unclear. Objective: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for retinal emboli in a large, contemporary, multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 2004 to 2011 and included a total of 10 033 Chinese, Malay, and Indian persons aged 40 to 80 years residing in the general communities of Singapore...
August 24, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835369/racial-differences-in-home-dialysis-utilization-and-outcomes-in-canada
#19
Emilie Trinh, Yingbo Na, Manish M Sood, Christopher T Chan, Jeffrey Perl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data on racial disparities in home dialysis utilization and outcomes are lacking in Canada, where health care is universally available. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We studied patients starting maintenance dialysis between 1996 and 2012 in the Canadian Organ Replacement Register, stratified by race: white, Asian, black, Aboriginal, Indian subcontinent, and other. The association between race and treatment with home dialysis was examined using generalized linear models...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834944/high-risk-intraocular-retinoblastoma-comparison-between-asian-indians-and-americans-from-two-major-referral-centers
#20
Swathi Kaliki, Carol L Shields, Ralph C Eagle, Sadiya Iram, Jerry A Shields
PURPOSE: To identify the differences in the clinical and histopathologic features in eyes with advanced intraocular retinoblastoma in a developing country (India) versus a developed country (USA). METHODS: Retrospective study. RESULTS: Of 524 patients with retinoblastoma who underwent primary enucleation, 331 were from India, and 193 were from the USA. Asian Indians were older at presentation (35 months vs. 29 months; P = 0.02), had thicker tumors (13...
August 22, 2017: Retina
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