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Nanovaccines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133898/intertwining-dna-rna-nanocapsules-loaded-with-tumor-neoantigens-as-synergistic-nanovaccines-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#1
Guizhi Zhu, Lei Mei, Harshad D Vishwasrao, Orit Jacobson, Zhantong Wang, Yijing Liu, Bryant C Yung, Xiao Fu, Albert Jin, Gang Niu, Qin Wang, Fuwu Zhang, Hari Shroff, Xiaoyuan Chen
Nanomedicines that co-deliver DNA, RNA, and peptide therapeutics are highly desirable yet remain underdeveloped for cancer theranostics. Herein, we report self-assembled intertwining DNA-RNA nanocapsules (iDR-NCs) that efficiently delivered synergistic DNA CpG and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) adjuvants, as well as tumor-specific peptide neoantigens into antigen presenting cells (APCs) in lymph nodes for cancer immunotherapy. These nanovaccines were prepared by (1) producing tandem CpG and shRNA via concurrent rolling circle replication and rolling circle transcription, (2) self-assembling CpG and shRNA into DNA-RNA microflowers, (3) shrinking microflowers into iDR-NCs using PEG-grafted cationic polypeptides, and (4) physically loading neoantigen into iDR-NCs...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061347/reactogenicity-and-safety-assessment-of-an-attenuated-nanovaccine-against-scorpion-envenomation-preclinical-study
#2
Faez Amokrane Nait Mohamed, Abdelmounaim Nouri, Fatima Laraba-Djebari
An attenuated nanovaccine (Nps - V(∗)) has been developed to protect humans from fatal scorpion envenomation in at-risk regions. This study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity and the local reactogenicity of the Nps - V(∗) nanovaccine developed against Androctonus australis hector (Aah) venom. Assessment of the systemic inflammatory response and serum cytokine levels were evaluated in vaccinated mice with 100μg of irradiated Aah venom (V(∗)) encapsulated or not into polymeric calcium-alginate nanoparticles (Nps) and injected by subcutaneous (s...
October 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992509/liposomes-coated-gold-nanocages-with-antigens-and-adjuvants-targeted-delivery-to-dendritic-cells-for-enhancing-antitumor-immune-response
#3
Ruijing Liang, Jun Xie, Jun Li, Ke Wang, Liping Liu, Yujie Gao, Mubashir Hussain, Guanxin Shen, Jintao Zhu, Juan Tao
For nanovaccine-based cancer immunotherapy, dendritic cells (DCs) are one of the most powerful antigen presenting cells (APCs) that initiate and promote the maturation of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (e.g., CD8(+) T cells) to induce the local and systemic antitumor immunity and further suppress the tumor metastasis and produce long-term protection against tumor. Thus, the activation and maturation of DCs is the prerequisite for efficient CD8(+) T cell-based antitumor immune responses, which is considered as a primary and promising task for nanovaccine engineering...
September 26, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982373/nanodiamond-enhances-immune-responses-in-mice-against-recombinant-ha-h7n9-protein
#4
Ngoc Bich Pham, Thuong Thi Ho, Giang Thu Nguyen, Thuy Thi Le, Ngoc Thu Le, Huan-Cheng Chang, Minh Dinh Pham, Udo Conrad, Ha Hoang Chu
BACKGROUND: The continuing spread of the newly emerged H7N9 virus among poultry in China, as well as the possibility of human-to-human transmission, has attracted numerous efforts to develop an effective vaccine against H7N9. The use of nanoparticles in vaccinology is inspired by the fact that most pathogens have a dimension within the nano-size range and therefore can be processed efficiently by the immune system, which leads to a potent immune response. Herein, we report a facile approach to increase antigen size to achieve not only fast but also effective responses against the recombinant HA/H7N9 protein via a simple conjugation of the protein onto the surface of nanodiamond particles...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956907/toward-personalized-peptide-based-cancer-nanovaccines-a-facile-and-versatile-synthetic-approach
#5
Hamilton Kakwere, Elizabeth S Ingham, Riley Allen, Lisa M Mahakian, Sarah M Tam, Hua Zhang, Matthew T Silvestrini, Jamal S Lewis, Katherine W Ferrara
Personalized cancer vaccines (PCVs) are receiving attention as an avenue for cancer immunotherapy. PCVs employ immunogenic peptide epitopes capable of stimulating the immune system to destroy cancer cells with great specificity. Challenges associated with effective delivery of these peptides include poor solubility of hydrophobic sequences, rapid clearance, and poor immunogenicity, among others. The incorporation of peptides into nanoparticles has the potential to overcome these challenges, but the broad range of functionalities found in amino acids presents a challenge to conjugation due to possible interferences and lack of reaction specificity...
November 15, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936523/mesoporous-zno-nanocapsules-for-the-induction-of-enhanced-antigen-specific-immunological-responses
#6
Sumbul Afroz, Himadri Medhi, Somedutta Maity, Gillipsie Minhas, Srikanth Battu, Jeevan Giddaluru, Koushi Kumar, Pradip Paik, Nooruddin Khan
The application of nanotechnology in vaccinology has fuelled rapid advancement towards the design and development of nanovaccines. Nanoparticles have been found to enhance vaccine efficacy through the spatiotemporal orchestration of antigen delivery to secondary lymphoid organs and antigen-presentation by Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs) synchronized with stimulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Metal based nanoparticles (MNPs) have been extensively engineered for the generation of nanovaccines owing to their intrinsic adjuvant-like properties and immunomodulatory functions...
October 5, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903312/gnp-gapdh1-22-nanovaccines-prevent-neonatal-listeriosis-by-blocking-microglial-apoptosis-and-bacterial-dissemination
#7
Ricardo Calderon-Gonzalez, Elisabet Frande-Cabanes, Hector Teran-Navarro, José María Marimon, Javier Freire, David Salcines-Cuevas, M Carmen Fariñas, Claudia Onzalez-Rico, Marco Marradi, Isabel Garcia, Mirian Alkorta-Gurrutxaga, Aida San Nicolas-Gomez, Ana Castañeda-Sampedro, Sonsoles Yañez-Diaz, Soledad Penades, Carmen Punzon, Javier Gomez-Roman, Fernando Rivera, Manuel Fresno, Carmen Alvarez-Dominguez
Clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis are associated with brain disease and fetal loss due to complications in early or late pregnancy, which suggests that microglial function is altered. This is believed to be the first study to link microglial apoptosis with neonatal listeriosis and listeriosis-associated brain disease, and to propose a new nanovaccine formulation that reverses all effects of listeriosis and confers Listeria monocytogenes (LM)-specific immunity. We examined clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis in 2013-2015 and defined two useful prognostic immune biomarkers to design listeriosis vaccines: high anti-GAPDH1-22 titres and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/interleukin (IL)-6 ratios...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868980/nanoparticle-based-strategies-for-cancer-immunotherapy-and-immunodiagnostics
#8
Anna Maria Grimaldi, Mariarosaria Incoronato, Marco Salvatore, Andrea Soricelli
Although recent successes in clinical trials are strengthening research focused on cancer immunology, the poor immunogenicity and off-target side effects of immunotherapeutics remain major challenges in translating these promising approaches to clinically feasible therapies in the treatment of a large range of tumors. Nanotechnology offers target-based approaches, which have shown significant improvements in the rapidly advancing field of cancer immunotherapy. Here, we first discuss the chemical and physical features of nanoparticulate systems that can be tuned to address the anticancer immune response, and then review recent, key examples of the exploited strategies, ranging from nanovaccines to NPs revising the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, up to immunotherapeutic multimodal NPs...
September 4, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798749/enhancement-of-adjuvant-functions-of-natural-killer-t-cells-using-nanovector-delivery-systems-application-in-anticancer-immune-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Reem Ghinnagow, Luis Javier Cruz, Elodie Macho-Fernandez, Christelle Faveeuw, François Trottein
Type I natural killer T (NKT) cells have gained considerable interest in anticancer immune therapy over the last decade. This "innate-like" T lymphocyte subset has the unique ability to recognize foreign and self-derived glycolipid antigens in association with the CD1d molecule expressed by antigen-presenting cells. An important property of these cells is to bridge innate and acquired immune responses. The adjuvant function of NKT cells might be exploited in the clinics. In this review, we discuss the approaches currently being used to target NKT cells for cancer therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769561/nanoparticle-orientationally-displayed-antigen-epitopes-improve-neutralizing-antibody-level-in-a-model-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2
#10
Peiyang Ding, Teng Zhang, Yafei Li, Man Teng, Yaning Sun, Xiao Liu, Shujun Chai, Enmin Zhou, Qianyue Jin, Gaiping Zhang
Recent advancements in biotechnology have enabled the rapid identification and subsequent expression of pathogenic microbial major antigens that induce protective immune responses. However, subunit vaccines have not been successfully commercialized mainly due to the lack of sufficient levels of neutralizing antibodies (NAs). High levels of NA rely on the efficient recognition and cross-linking of multiple neutralizing epitopes with B-cell receptors (BCRs). Nanoparticles are able to display coupled antigenic arrays at high density and provide multiple binding molecular scenarios with BCRs...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758266/a-ph-sensitive-macromolecular-prodrug-as-tlr7-8-targeting-immune-response-modifier
#11
Stefan Aichhorn, Anne Linhardt, Angela Halfmann, Markus Nadlinger, Stefanie Kirchberger, Manuela Stadler, Barbara Dillinger, Martin Distel, Alexander Dohnal, Ian Teasdale, Wolfgang Schoefberger
The chemical synthesis and biological activity of novel functionalized imidazoquinoline derivatives to generate Toll-like receptor 7/8 specific prodrugs are presented. In vivo activity of ImQs to induce inflammation was confirmed in zebrafish larvae. After covalent ligation to fully biodegradable polyphosphazenes, the macromolecular prodrugs were designed to undergo intracellular pH-sensitive release of ImQs to induce inflammation through binding to endosomal TLR7/8. We showed ImQ dissociation from prodrugs at a pH 5 pointing towards endosomal prodrug degradability...
July 30, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753580/gnp-gapdh1-22-nanovaccines-prevent-neonatal-listeriosis-by-blocking-microglial-apoptosis-and-bacterial-dissemination
#12
Ricardo Calderon-Gonzalez, Elisabet Frande-Cabanes, Hector Teran-Navarro, José María Marimon, Javier Freire, David Salcines-Cuevas, M Carmen Fariñas, Claudia Gonzalez-Rico, Marco Marradi, Isabel Garcia, Mirian Alkorta-Gurrutxaga, Aida San Nicolas-Gomez, Ana Castañeda-San Pedro, Sonsoles Yañez-Diaz, Soledad Penades, Carmen Punzon, Javier Gomez-Roman, Fernando Rivera, Manuel Fresno, Carmen Alvarez-Dominguez
Clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis are associated with brain disease and fetal loss due to complications in early or late pregnancy, which suggests that microglial function is altered. This is believed to be the first study to link microglial apoptosis with neonatal listeriosis and listeriosis-associated brain disease, and to propose a new nanovaccine formulation that reverses all effects of listeriosis and confers Listeria monocytogenes (LM)-specific immunity. We examined clinical cases of neonatal listeriosis in 2013-2015 and defined two useful prognostic immune biomarkers to design listeriosis vaccines: high anti-GAPDH1-22 titres and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)/interleukin (IL)-6 ratios...
July 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698066/nasal-nanovaccines
#13
REVIEW
B Bernocchi, R Carpentier, D Betbeder
Nasal administration of vaccines is convenient for the potential stimulation of mucosal and systemic immune protection. Moreover the easy accessibility of the intranasal route renders it optimal for pandemic vaccination. Nanoparticles have been identified as ideal delivery systems and adjuvants for vaccine application. Heterogeneous protocols have been used for animal studies. This complicates the understanding of the formulation influence on the immune response and the comparison of the different nanoparticles approaches developed...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659922/a-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanovaccine-based-on-chimeric-peptides-from-different-leishmania-infantum-proteins-induces-dendritic-cells-maturation-and-promotes-peptide-specific-ifn%C3%AE-producing-cd8-t-cells-essential-for-the-protection-against-experimental-visceral
#14
Evita Athanasiou, Maria Agallou, Spyros Tastsoglou, Olga Kammona, Artemis Hatzigeorgiou, Costas Kiparissides, Evdokia Karagouni
Visceral leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania (L.) donovani and L. infantum protozoan parasites, can provoke overwhelming and protracted epidemics, with high case-fatality rates. An effective vaccine against the disease must rely on the generation of a strong and long-lasting T cell immunity, mediated by CD4(+) TH1 and CD8(+) T cells. Multi-epitope peptide-based vaccine development is manifesting as the new era of vaccination strategies against Leishmania infection. In this study, we designed chimeric peptides containing HLA-restricted epitopes from three immunogenic L...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557331/understanding-the-effect-of-surface-chemistry-of-mesoporous-silica-nanorods-on-their-vaccine-adjuvant-potency
#15
Yannan Yang, Manasi Jambhrunkar, Prasanna Lakshmi Abbaraju, Meihua Yu, Min Zhang, Chengzhong Yu
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles are reported as adjuvants in nanovaccines in generating robust antigen-specific immunity. However, the effect of surface chemistry in initiating and modulating the immune response remains largely unexplored. In this study, mesoporous silica nanorods (MSNRs) are modified with NH2 and C18 groups to investigate the influence of surface functional groups (OH, NH2 , and C18 ) on their adjuvant efficacy. It is found that compared to OH and NH2 groups, the hydrophobic C18 modification significantly enhances antigen uptake by antigen presenting cells and endosomal-lysosomal escape in vitro, dendritic cells, and macrophages maturation ex vivo, and elicits secretion of interferon-γ level and antibody response in immunized mice...
September 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551462/rationalization-of-a-nanoparticle-based-nicotine-nanovaccine-as-an-effective-next-generation-nicotine-vaccine-a-focus-on-hapten-localization
#16
Zongmin Zhao, Yun Hu, Theresa Harmon, Paul Pentel, Marion Ehrich, Chenming Zhang
A lipid-polymeric hybrid nanoparticle-based next-generation nicotine nanovaccine was rationalized in this study to combat nicotine addiction. A series of nanovaccines, which had nicotine-haptens localized on carrier protein (LPKN), nanoparticle surface (LPNK), or both (LPNKN), were designed to study the impact of hapten localization on their immunological efficacy. All three nanovaccines were efficiently taken up and processed by dendritic cells. LPNKN induced a significantly higher immunogenicity against nicotine and a significantly lower anti-carrier protein antibody level compared to LPKN and LPNK...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522213/harnessing-self-assembled-peptide-nanoparticles-in-epitope-vaccine-design
#17
REVIEW
Manica Negahdaripour, Nasim Golkar, Nasim Hajighahramani, Sedigheh Kianpour, Navid Nezafat, Younes Ghasemi
Vaccination has been one of the most successful breakthroughs in medical history. In recent years, epitope-based subunit vaccines have been introduced as a safer alternative to traditional vaccines. However, they suffer from limited immunogenicity. Nanotechnology has shown value in solving this issue. Different kinds of nanovaccines have been employed, among which virus-like nanoparticles (VLPs) and self-assembled peptide nanoparticles (SAPNs) seem very promising. Recently, SAPNs have attracted special interest due to their unique properties, including molecular specificity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility...
May 15, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436963/a-sting-activating-nanovaccine-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#18
Min Luo, Hua Wang, Zhaohui Wang, Haocheng Cai, Zhigang Lu, Yang Li, Mingjian Du, Gang Huang, Chensu Wang, Xiang Chen, Matthew R Porembka, Jayanthi Lea, Arthur E Frankel, Yang-Xin Fu, Zhijian J Chen, Jinming Gao
The generation of tumour-specific T cells is critically important for cancer immunotherapy. A major challenge in achieving a robust T-cell response is the spatiotemporal orchestration of antigen cross-presentation in antigen-presenting cells with innate stimulation. Here, we report a minimalist nanovaccine, comprising a simple physical mixture of an antigen and a synthetic polymeric nanoparticle, PC7A NP, which generates a strong cytotoxic T-cell response with low systemic cytokine expression. Mechanistically, the PC7A NP achieves efficient cytosolic delivery of tumour antigens to antigen-presenting cells in draining lymph nodes, leading to increased surface presentation while simultaneously activating type I interferon-stimulated genes...
July 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417012/coordinating-antigen-cytosolic-delivery-and-danger-signaling-to-program-potent-cross-priming-by-micelle-based-nanovaccine
#19
Zhida Liu, Chang Zhou, Yan Qin, Zihao Wang, Luyao Wang, Xiuli Wei, Yinjian Zhou, Qicheng Li, Hang Zhou, Wenjun Wang, Yang-Xin Fu, Mingzhao Zhu, Wei Liang
Although re-activating cytotoxic T-cell (CTLs) response inside tumor tissues by checkpoint blockade has demonstrated great success in tumor immunotherapy, active induction of efficient endogenous CTL response by therapeutic vaccines has been largely hampered by inefficient cytosolic delivery of antigens and coordinated activation of dendritic cells (DCs) in lymph nodes. Here we show that polyethylene glycol-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE) micelles transform soluble peptides into α-helix to enable their efficient cytosolic delivery...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414151/targeted-antigen-delivery-to-dendritic-cell-via-functionalized-alginate-nanoparticles-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#20
Chuangnian Zhang, Gaona Shi, Ju Zhang, Huijuan Song, Jinfeng Niu, Shengbin Shi, Pingsheng Huang, Yanming Wang, Weiwei Wang, Chen Li, Deling Kong
The purpose of the present study was to identify an "easy-to-adopt" strategy to enhance immune responses using functionalized alginate (ALG) nanoparticles (MAN-ALG/ALG=OVA NPs), which were prepared by CaCl2 cross-linking of two different types of ALG. The mannose (MAN) modified ALG (MAN-ALG) was used for dendritic cell targeting. The other component, composed of ovalbumin (OVA), a model antigen, is conjugated to ALG (ALG=OVA) via pH sensitive Schiff base bond. Grafting of alginate was demonstrated by FT-IR and (1)H NMR, while the morphological structure, particle size, Zeta potential of MAN-ALG/ALG=OVA NPs were measured using TEM and DLS...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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