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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820967/identifying-predictors-for-bleeding-in-hospitalized-cancer-patients-a-cohort-study
#1
Rushad Patell, Alejandra Gutierrez, Lisa Rybicki, Alok A Khorana
BACKGROUND: Bleeding and thrombosis are both major complications of hospitalization in cancer patients. Concern regarding bleeding risk may reduce compliance with thromboprophylaxis. We assessed incidence of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding (MCRNMB) and identified risk factors associated with in-hospital bleeding risk in hospitalized cancer patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive adults admitted to general oncology floor at Cleveland Clinic from 11/2012-12/2014 (n=3525)...
August 12, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820950/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-training-for-improving-reproductive-function-in-infertile-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian
This randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effects of 24 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on seminal markers of inflammation and oxidative stress as well as markers of male reproductive function and reproductive performance in infertile patients. Of a total of 1296 infertile patients (aged 25-40 years) who were screened, 556 were randomly assigned to exercise (EX, n = 278) and non-exercise (NON-EX, n = 278) groups. Semen samples were taken before, 12 and 24 weeks as well as 7 and 30 days post intervention...
August 18, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820846/noninvasive-assessment-of-skeletal-muscle-myosin-heavy-chain-expression-in-trained-and-untrained-men
#3
Andrew C Fry, Terry J Housh, Joel B Cramer, Joseph P Weir, Travis W Beck, Brian K Schilling, Jonathan D Miller, Justin X Nicoll
Fry, AC, Housh, TJ, Cramer, JB, Weir, JP, Beck, TW, Schilling, BK, Miller, JD, and Nicoll, JX. Noninvasive assessment of skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain expression in trained and untrained men. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2355-2362, 2017-Numerous conditions and types of physical activity (e.g., exercise, aging, and muscle-related diseases) can influence muscle fiber types and the proteins expressed. To date, muscle fibers can only be characterized by actually obtaining a tissue sample using the invasive muscle biopsy procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820783/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-the-hispanic-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#4
Kimberly Y Z Forrest, Marcy J Leeds, Alexander C Ufelle
Obesity is a major health concern in Hispanic populations. This study evaluated the epidemiology of obesity and associated factors among Hispanics using the data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 1241 participants (20 years of age or older), the prevalence rates were as follows: overweight, 77.1%; obesity, 42.4%; and central obesity, 57.0%. These rates were consistent throughout most age groups. Significantly, more females than males were obese. Higher obesity rates were seen among those with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820732/ecological-perspectives-on-youth-alcohol-consumption-in-the-kuala-lumpur-conurbation-a-place-based-study-in-malaysia
#5
Sangeeta Kaur Singh, Lee Voon Kaen, Low Weng Hei, Amanda Villiers-Tuthill, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the patterns of alcohol consumption and ecological factors influencing those patterns in the Klang Valley. The study focuses on youth from the Chinese, Indian and Malay ethnic groups in Malaysia, resident in urban and semi-urban areas of the Klang Valley. Methods Data were collected with a combination of interviews and self-administered questionnaires available in Bahasa Malaysia and English were adapted from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820721/risk-factors-associated-with-blood-exposure-for-sporadic-hepatitis-e-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#6
Hossain M S Sazzad, Stephen P Luby, Alain B Labrique, Saleem Kamili, Tonya M Hayden, Nourine A Kamili, Chong-Gee Teo, Emily S Gurley
Fecal contamination of drinking water is associated with large hepatitis E virus (HEV) outbreaks of genotypes 1 and 2 in endemic areas. Sporadic transmission of HEV genotypes 3 and 4 in high-income countries has been associated with exposure to blood and animal contact. The objective of the study was to identify the risk factors for hepatitis E and the genotype(s) causing sporadic hepatitis E in Dhaka, Bangladesh. We selected, from a diagnostic center in Dhaka between November 2008 and November 2009, cases presenting with jaundice and anti-HEV IgM antibodies and age-matched controls were defined as those with no history of jaundice and normal blood test results...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820714/epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-colombian-municipality
#7
Diego Alejandro Medina-Morales, Manuel E Machado-Duque, Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba
This study describes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of leishmaniasis and the pharmacological treatment of this disease in the municipality of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, between January 2010 and December 2014. An observational study was conducted using information from the clinical records and epidemiological reports of patients diagnosed and confirmed with leishmaniasis of any age and sex, including sociodemographic, clinical, and pharmacological variables of the therapy received. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820672/association-of-religion-and-cultural-tradition-with-alcohol-use-among-some-tribal-communities-of-arunachal-pradesh-india
#8
Himanshu K Chaturvedi, Ram C Bajpai, Preeti Tiwari
Arunachal Pradesh, a land of high mountains and dense forest, is home to many tribal communities, which comprise two thirds of the state's population. Alcohol is one of the common addictive substances used traditionally among them despite much awareness about its harmful effect on health. The present study is focused on finding the association of religion, ethnicity, and demographic characteristics with alcohol use among some tribal communities in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted on substance use in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820646/consequences-of-puberty-on-efficacy-of-intraocular-pressure-lowering-drugs-in-male-dutch-belted-rabbits
#9
Cassandra L Hays, Kingsley C Okafor, Shan Fan, Robin High, Dhirendra P Singh, Carol B Toris
PURPOSE: To investigate the changes in intraocular pressure (IOP), aqueous flow, and outflow facility, as well as efficacy of IOP-lowering drugs before and after sexual development in rabbits. METHODS: Male Dutch-belted rabbits were studied at night between the ages of 8 and 44 weeks. During these times, body weight, testicular volume, and serum testosterone were measured to monitor sexual maturity. Ocular measurements included anterior chamber depth, central corneal thickness, IOP, aqueous flow, and outflow facility...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#10
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820619/associations-between-anxious-and-depressive-symptoms-and-the-recognition-of-vocal-socioemotional-expressions-in-youth
#11
Michele Morningstar, Melanie A Dirks, Brent I Rappaport, Daniel S Pine, Eric E Nelson
The current study examined the associations between internalizing symptoms and adolescents' recognition of vocal socioemotional expressions produced by youth. Fifty-seven youth (8-17 years old, M = 12.62, SD = 2.66; 29 anxious, 28 nonanxious; 32 female, 25 male) were asked to identify the intended expression in auditory recordings of youth's portrayals of basic emotions and social attitudes. Recognition accuracy increased with age, suggesting that the ability to recognize vocal affect continues to develop into adolescence...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#12
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820362/characterization-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-who-meet-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-tafro-syndrome
#13
E Hasegawa, H Sato, Y Wada, K Takai, A Wakamatsu, Y Nozawa, T Nakatsue, T Kuroda, Y Suzuki, M Nakano, I Narita
Purpose TAFRO syndrome is a novel disorder manifesting as fever, anasarca, thrombocytopenia, renal insufficiency and organomegaly, and its etiology has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to elucidate similarities and differences between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and TAFRO syndrome. Methods We examined 46 consecutive patients diagnosed with SLE and determined whether they meet the proposed diagnostic criteria for TAFRO syndrome (2015 version). Results Of the 46 patients with SLE, four (8...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820342/expected-years-of-life-lost-through-road-traffic-injuries-in-mexico
#14
Efrén Murillo-Zamora, Oliver Mendoza-Cano, Benjamín Trujillo-Hernández, José Guzmán-Esquivel, Alfredo Medina-González, Miguel Huerta, Ramón Alberto Sánchez-Piña, Agustin Lugo-Radillo
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a leading cause of premature mortality, mainly in low- and middle-income countries Objective: To estimate the 2014 burden of RTIs in Mexico calculating years of life lost (YLL) and age-standardized YLL rates (ASYLL), and to evaluate sex, age, and region-related differences in premature mortality. METHODS: Mortality data were obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography and 14,637 deaths of individuals 15 years of age and older were analyzed...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820280/review-of-periorbital-nerve-enlargement-and-biopsy-techniques
#15
Valerie H Chen, Brent R Hayek, Hans E Grossniklaus, Ted H Wojno, H Joon Kim
Periorbital nerve enlargement commonly indicates perineural invasion of malignancy or inflammatory conditions. This study reviews the role of supraorbital and infraorbital nerve biopsies in patients presenting with radiographic enlargement and to elucidate the surgical technique involved. A retrospective chart review (1997-2014) was performed at a single tertiary center. Patients with radiographic confirmation of enlarged supraorbital/infraorbital nerves that underwent biopsy were included. Charts were reviewed for: patient demographics and history, clinical symptoms and findings, radiographic findings, surgical method, and treatment...
August 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820271/cam-deformities-and-limited-hip-range-of-motion-are-associated-with-early-osteoarthritic-changes-in-adolescent-athletes-a-prospective-matched-cohort-study
#16
Cody C Wyles, Germán A Norambuena, Benjamin M Howe, Dirk R Larson, Bruce A Levy, Brandon J Yuan, Robert T Trousdale, Rafael J Sierra
BACKGROUND: The natural history of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) remains incompletely understood. In particular, there is limited documentation of joint damage in adolescent patients with limited range of motion (LROM) of the hip, which is commonly associated with FAI. PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiographs, and clinical examinations over 5 years in a group of athletes from a wide variety of sports with asymptomatic LROM of the hip compared with matched controls...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820229/resilience-mediates-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-police-officers
#17
Erin C McCanlies, Ja Kook Gu, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
OBJECTIVE: Police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges following Hurricane Katrina in 2005. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study examined gratitude, resilience, and satisfaction with life as mediators in the association between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in 82 male and 31 female police officers. The Gratitude Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List were used to measure gratitude, resilience, satisfaction with life, and social support, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#18
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820057/impact-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-angiotensin-receptors-blockers-on-mortality-in-acute-heart-failure-patients-with-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-the-middle-east-observations-from-the-gulf-acute-heart-failure-registry-gulf-care
#19
Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Kadhim Sulaiman, Jawad A Al-Lawati, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Prashanth Panduranga, Khalid F AlHabib, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Wael Al-Mahmeed, Hussam AlFaleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Ahmed Al-Motarreb, Mustafa Ridha, Bassam Bulbanat, Mohammed Al-Jarallah, Nooshin Bazargani, Nidal Asaad, Haitham Amin
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin receptors blockers (ARBs) on in-hospital, 3- and 12-month all-cause mortality in acute heart failure (AHF) patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction in 7 countries of the Middle East. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data was analysed from 2,683 consecutive patients admitted with AHF and low ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (<40%) from 47 hospitals from February to November, 2012...
August 17, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820028/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-adults-an-analysis-of-differences-between-survivors-and-non-survivors
#20
Bernd Panholzer, Katrin Meckelburg, Katharina Huenges, Grischa Hoffmann, Michael von der Brelie, Nils Haake, Kevin Pilarczyk, Jochen Cremer, Assad Haneya
OBJECTIVES: Over the last decade, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become a promising option for patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In this single-center observational cohort study, data from a patient group with severe ARDS treated with ECMO was analyzed. METHODS: Data from 46 patients [median age 54 years (18 to 72), male: 65.2%] were evaluated retrospectively between January 2009 and September 2015. RESULTS: Diagnosis leading to ARDS was pneumonia in 63...
September 2017: Perfusion
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