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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637324/the-effects-of-phytosterols-on-the-sexual-behavior-and-reproductive-function-in-the-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#1
Mohammad Ibrahim Qasimi, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe
Phytosterols (PS) are plant origin sterols naturally found in many foods and added as food additives. Since 1950, PS have attracted considerable attention due to their ability to lower serum cholesterol and inhibit cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, recent studies have found that PS act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals in laboratory animals. Therefore, this study was aimed at finding the mechanism(s) for PS effects on the sexual behaviors and reproductive functions in male Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)...
June 16, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637303/management-of-acute-unilateral-nondisplaced-subaxial-cervical-facet-fractures
#2
Aditya Vedantam, Jared Steven Fridley, Jovany Cruz Navarro, Shankar P Gopinath
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the management of patients with nondisplaced cervical facet fractures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of successful nonoperative management and risk factors for instability in patients with acute traumatic, unilateral, nondisplaced cervical facet fractures. METHODS: We reviewed patients with single or multilevel unilateral nondisplaced or minimally displaced subaxial cervical facet fractures between 2008 and 2014...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637227/echocardiographic-reference-ranges-for-normal-left-ventricular-2d-strain-results-from-the-eacvi-norre-study
#3
Tadafumi Sugimoto, Raluca Dulgheru, Anne Bernard, Federica Ilardi, Laura Contu, Karima Addetia, Luis Caballero, Natela Akhaladze, George D Athanassopoulos, Daniele Barone, Monica Baroni, Nuno Cardim, Andreas Hagendorff, Krasimira Hristova, Teresa Lopez, Gonzalo de la Morena, Bogdan A Popescu, Marie Moonen, Martin Penicka, Tolga Ozyigit, Jose David Rodrigo Carbonero, Nico van de Veire, Ralph Stephan von Bardeleben, Dragos Vinereanu, Jose Luis Zamorano, Yun Yun Go, Monica Rosca, Andrea Calin, Julien Magne, Bernard Cosyns, Stella Marchetta, Erwan Donal, Gilbert Habib, Maurizio Galderisi, Luigi P Badano, Roberto M Lang, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To obtain the normal ranges for 2D echocardiographic (2DE) measurements of left ventricular (LV) strain from a large group of healthy volunteers accounting for age and gender. Methods and results: A total of 549 (mean age: 45.6 ± 13.3 years) healthy subjects were enrolled at 22 collaborating institutions of the Normal Reference Ranges for Echocardiography (NORRE) study. 2DE data sets have been analysed with a vendor-independent software package allowing homogeneous measurements irrespective of the echocardiographic equipment used to acquire the data sets...
June 16, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637188/the-influence-of-whole-corn-feeding-method-during-the-finishing-stage-on-the-performance-of-overfed-mule-ducks
#4
J Arroyo, F Lavigne, L Fortun-Lamothe
The aim of this trial was to compare 2 feeding systems based on whole corn, a loose-mix and a free-choice feeding system, during the finishing stage on the performance of ducks. Five hundred sixteen day-old male mule ducks (Muscovy drake × Pekin duck) were divided into 3 groups that differed in the presentation of the diet they received between 58 and 88 d of age: a complete pelleted diet (Control (CON) group; AMEn 12.1 MJ/kg, CP 15.0%) containing 500 g of corn per kg; or whole corn (AMEn 13.9 MJ/kg, CP 7...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637155/reliability-validity-and-norms-of-the-2-min-walk-test-in-children-with-and-without-neuromuscular-disorders-aged-6-12
#5
Tamis W Pin, H L Choi
PURPOSE: The 2-min walk test may be more appropriate functional exercise test for young children. This study aimed to examine the 2-min walk test's reliability; validity; and minimal clinically important difference; and to establish norms for children aged 6-12. METHODS: Sixty-one healthy children were recruited to examine the 2-min walk test's reliability. Forty-six children with neuromuscular disorders (63% cerebral palsy) were recruited to test the validity. The normative study involved 716 healthy children without neuromuscular disorders (male = 51%, female = 49%)...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637076/-clinical-course-of-an-early-childhood-onset-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#6
Marco Krasselt, Matthias Pierer, Kerstin Amann, Anette Bachmann, Tom H Lindner
History A 26-year-old male patient presented with an eight-week history of unspecific symptoms such as weight loss and fever. Besides, he also suffered from haemoptysis, cough, and arthralgia. Since the age of twelve years, the patient has been treated for Wegner's granulomatosis. At the age of 20 years he received a kidney transplant which failed only four years later. Investigations The relapse we clinically suspected was confirmed by CT scan showing bilateral pulmonary manifestations. Moreover, we found highly positive antibodies against proteinase 3...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637026/clinic-characteristics-of-psoriasis-in-china-a-nationwide-survey-in-over-12000-patients
#7
Kun Chen, Gang Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Jinhua Xu, Xuejun Zhu, Min Zheng, Heng Gu
Psoriasis is a worldwide chronic inflammatory disease, involving both skin and joints. In order to characterize psoriasis in Han Chinese population, we conducted this nationwide prospective and hospital based survey, in which 56 hospitals with departments of dermatology participated, located in 33 cities across China. A total of 12,031 outpatients with psoriasis were registered during 2009 to 2010, which the data was collected by standard questionnaires. The main data acquisition included demographics, family history, disease status and other comorbidities...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636978/psychiatric-comorbidity-with-hypothalamic-hamartoma-systematic-review-for-predictive-clinical-features
#8
REVIEW
Zachary Killeen, Raymond Bunch, John F Kerrigan
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of the English-language literature to identify clinical features associated with a higher risk of psychiatric symptoms (aggression and rage behaviors) in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) and epilepsy. METHODS: Two publicly-accessible databases (PubMed and Cochrane Library) were searched for Hypothalamic Hamartoma AND Epilepsy. We identified peer-reviewed original research publications (case reports or clinical series; N=19) in which clinical data was provided on an individual basis...
June 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636867/assortative-sexual-mixing-patterns-in-male-female-and-male-male-partnerships-in-melbourne-australia-implications-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmissible-infection-transmission
#9
Eric P F Chow, Tim R H Read, Matthew G Law, Marcus Y Chen, Catriona S Bradshaw, Christopher K Fairley
BACKGROUND: Assortative mixing patterns have become a new and important focus in HIV/sexually transmissible infection (STI) research in recent years. There are very limited data on sexual mixing patterns, particularly in an Australian population. METHODS: Male-female and male-male partnerships attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) between 2011 and 2014 were included. Correlation of age between two individuals within a partnership was examined by using Spearman's rank correlation...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636731/correlation-among-external-auditory-canal-anomaly-temporal-bone-malformation-and-hearing-levels-in-patients-with-microtia
#10
Kun Chen, Liu Liu, Runjie Shi, Peihua Wang, Dong Chen, Hua Xiao
We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the relationship between external auditory canal (EAC) anomaly, temporal bone abnormality, and hearing levels using objective scoring systems in Chinese patients with microtia. The study population consisted of 106 ears of 94 Chinese patients (67 male and 27 female) aged 5 to 45 years (mean: 12.6) with microtia. The EAC abnormalities were classified into 4 types according to Schuknecht's criteria: type A, type B, type C, and type D. Developmental anomalies of the temporal bone were evaluated by Jahrsdoerfer computed tomography (CT) scoring system using high-resolution CT scans of the temporal bone...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636707/incidence-and-predictors-of-opioid-prescription-at-discharge-after-traumatic-injury
#11
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Andrew J Schoenfeld, Alyssa F Harlow, Anju Ranjit, Rebecca Scully, Ritam Chowdhury, Meesha Sharma, Stephanie Nitzschke, Tracey Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider
Importance: In the current health care environment with increased scrutiny and growing concern regarding opioid use and abuse, there has been a push toward greater regulation over prescriptions of opioids. Trauma patients represent a population that may be affected by this regulation, as the incidence of pain at hospital discharge is greater than 95%, and opioids are considered the first line of treatment for pain management. However, the use of opioid prescriptions in trauma patients at hospital discharge has not been explored...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636704/trends-in-nationwide-herpes-zoster-emergency-department-utilization-from-2006-to-2013
#12
Erica D Dommasch, Cara J Joyce, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: The effect of vaccination on emergency department (ED) utilization for herpes zoster (HZ) has not been examined to date. Objective: To determine trends in US ED utilization and costs associated with HZ. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data set was examined for temporal trends in the number of visits and costs for treatment of HZ in EDs in the United States from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2013...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636697/role-of-positive-parenting-in-the-association-between-neighborhood-social-disadvantage-and-brain-development-across-adolescence
#13
Sarah Whittle, Nandita Vijayakumar, Julian G Simmons, Meg Dennison, Orli Schwartz, Christos Pantelis, Lisa Sheeber, Michelle L Byrne, Nicholas B Allen
Importance: The negative effects of socioeconomic disadvantage on lifelong functioning are pronounced, with some evidence suggesting that these effects are mediated by changes in brain development. To our knowledge, no research has investigated whether parenting might buffer these negative effects. Objective: To establish whether positive parenting behaviors moderate the effects of socioeconomic disadvantage on brain development and adaptive functioning in adolescents...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636647/hemodynamic-and-metabolic-characteristics-associated-with-development-of-a-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-pressure-gradient-during-upright-exercise
#14
Annelieke C M J van Riel, David M Systrom, Rudolf K F Oliveira, Michael J Landzberg, Barbara J M Mulder, Berto J Bouma, Bradley A Maron, Amil M Shah, Aaron B Waxman, Alexander R Opotowsky
BACKGROUND: We recently reported a novel observation that many patients with equal resting supine right ventricular(RV) and pulmonary artery(PA) systolic pressures develop an RV outflow tract(RVOT) pressure gradient during upright exercise. The current work details the characteristics of patients who develop such an RVOT gradient. METHODS: We studied 294 patients (59.7±15.5 years-old, 49% male) referred for clinical invasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing, who did not have a resting RVOT pressure gradient defined by the simultaneously measured peak-to-peak difference between RV and PA systolic pressures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636626/digestible-lysine-requirements-of-male-broilers-from-1-to-42-days-of-age-reassessed
#15
Henrique Scher Cemin, Sergio Luiz Vieira, Catarina Stefanello, Marcos Kipper, Liris Kindlein, Ariane Helmbrecht
Three experiments were conducted separately to estimate the digestible Lys (dig. Lys) requirements of Cobb × Cobb 500 male broilers using different statistical models. For each experiment, 1,200 chicks were housed in 48 floor pens in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 8 replicates. Broilers were fed diets with increasing dig. Lys levels from 1 to 12 d (Exp. 1), from 12 to 28 d (Exp. 2), and 28 to 42 d (Exp. 3). Increasing dig. Lys levels were equally spaced from 0.97 to 1.37% in Exp. 1, 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636610/chronotypes-in-the-us-influence-of-age-and-sex
#16
Dorothee Fischer, David A Lombardi, Helen Marucci-Wellman, Till Roenneberg
An individual's chronotype reflects how the circadian system embeds itself into the 24-h day with rhythms in physiology, cognition and behavior occurring accordingly earlier or later. In view of an increasing number of people working at unusual times and linked health and safety risks, the wide range in human chronotypes may provide opportunities to allow people to work (and sleep) at times that are in synch with their circadian physiology. We aimed at estimating the distribution of chronotypes in the US population by age and sex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636574/early-intervention-programme-for-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-in-sveti-ivan-psychiatric-hospital-ripepp-sociodemographic-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-participants
#17
Branka Restek-Petrović, Ana Majdančić, Sven Molnar, Majda Grah, Ena Ivezić, Igor Filipčić, Anamarija Bogović, Vladimir Grošić, Nina Mayer, Slobodanka Kezić, Irena Pavlović
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospital "Sveti Ivan" in Zagreb, Croatia, offers an outpatient Early intervention programme for patients with psychotic disorders (RIPEPP), consisting of psychoeducational workshops and group psychodynamic psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic and baseline characteristics of the participants, in order to provide better understanding of this population, and to assist with the development of more effective therapeutic approaches. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Since 2008, a total of 245 patients with first episodes of psychosis and their family members participated in the programme...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636569/diabetic-ketoacidosis-associated-with-antipsychotic-drugs-case-reports-and-a-review-of-literature
#18
Antonia Vuk, Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Maja Baretic, Martina Matovinovic Osvatic
BACKGROUND: Second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with metabolic disturbances. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare, but potentially fatal sign of acute glucose metabolism dysregulation linked to the use of SGAs. The aims of this article are to present patients with a history of psychotic disorders and of severe metabolic diabetic ketoacidosis, possibly associated with the use of antipsychotics, and to review the current literature on the topic of antipsychotic-induced DKA...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636557/surgical-management-for-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#19
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Lupin Bu, Gaosong Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: For most patients with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), surgery is required, while the surgical management remains controversial. We aim to further understanding of treatment of FVPTC and to determine whether specific features could be identified for the decision of surgical strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database during 2003 and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#20
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
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