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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430793/identifying-a-combined-construct-of-grief-and-explosive-anger-as-a-response-to-injustice-amongst-survivors-of-mass-conflict-a-latent-class-analysis-of-data-from-timor-leste
#1
Susan J Rees, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Elisa Savio, Zelia Maria Da Costa, Derrick Silove
Previous studies have identified high rates of explosive anger amongst post-conflict populations including Timor-Leste. We sought to test whether explosive anger was integrally associated with symptoms of grief amongst the Timorese, a society that has experienced extensive conflict-related losses. In 2010 and 2011 we recruited adults (n = 2964), 18-years and older, living in an urban and a rural village in Timor-Leste. We applied latent class analysis to identify subpopulations based on symptoms of explosive anger and grief...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430485/coherent-coupling-of-remote-spin-ensembles-via-a-cavity-bus
#2
T Astner, S Nevlacsil, N Peterschofsky, A Angerer, S Rotter, S Putz, J Schmiedmayer, J Majer
We report coherent coupling between two macroscopically separated nitrogen-vacancy electron spin ensembles in a cavity quantum electrodynamics system. The coherent interaction between the distant ensembles is directly detected in the cavity transmission spectrum by observing bright and dark collective multiensemble states and an increase of the coupling strength to the cavity mode. Additionally, in the dispersive limit we show transverse ensemble-ensemble coupling via virtual photons.
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429376/daily-crying-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-older-adult-persons-living-in-nursing-homes-findings-from-a-regional-study
#3
Alvisa Palese, Arianna Simeoni, Antonio Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of nursing home (NH) resident crying and associated factors at the individual and NH levels. DESIGN: A regional retrospective study design has been used. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 8875 residents, living in 105 NHs, were included. MEASUREMENTS: The occurrence of an episode of crying on at least a daily basis in the last month was the dependent variable; independent variables were set at individual and at the NH levels as reported in the Val...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428146/the-correlation-between-mood-states-and-functional-connectivity-within-the-default-mode-network-can-differentiate-internet-gaming-disorder-from-healthy-controls
#4
Guangheng Dong, Hui Li, Lingxiao Wang, Marc N Potenza
The default-mode network (DMN) has been suggested to support a baseline state of brain activity. However, whether connectivity within the DMN is associated with mood states remains incompletely understood. The current study examined the correlation between mood state and the functional connectivity (FC) among DMN regions, and examined if the FC can differentiate Internet gaming disorder (IGD) from healthy controls (HC). Resting state data were collected within 108 college students (IGD,41; HC,67). Negative correlations were observed between measures of: (1) Depression and FCs among ventral DMN regions; (2) Anger and FCs among dorsal DMN regions; and, (3) Anger and Depression and FCs of both the ventral and dorsal DMN...
April 18, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425491/the-neural-dynamics-underlying-the-interpersonal-effects-of-emotional-expression-on-decision-making
#5
Xuhai Chen, Tingting Zheng, Lingzi Han, Yingchao Chang, Yangmei Luo
Although numerous studies explore the effects of emotion on decision-making, the existing research has mainly focused on the influence of intrapersonal emotions, leaving the influence of one person's emotions on another's decisions underestimated. To specify how interpersonal emotions shape decision-making and delineate the underlying neural dynamics involved, the present study examined brain responses to utilitarian feedback combined with angry or happy faces in competitive and cooperative contexts. Behavioral results showed that participants responded slower following losses than wins when competitors express happiness but responded faster following losses than wins when cooperators express anger...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421382/relationship-between-the-expression-of-o-6-methylguanine-dna-methyltransferase-mgmt-and-p53-and-the-clinical-response-in-metastatic-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-treated-with-folfirinox
#6
Carole Vitellius, Caroline Eymerit-Morin, Dominique Luet, Lionel Fizanne, Fanny Foubert, Sandrine Bertrais, Marie-Christine Rousselet, François-Xavier Caroli-Bosc
BACKGROUND: To date, no predictive biomarker for the efficacy of FOLFIRINOX in metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma has been demonstrated. Deficiency in O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) has been associated with a therapeutic response in endocrine tumors of the pancreas and the lack of expression of protein 53 (p53) could interfere with the action of MGMT. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of MGMT and p53 in patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with FOLFIRINOX as a first-line treatment and to investigate their association with therapeutic response and survival...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420246/husband-s-reaction-to-his-wife-s-sexual-rejection-is-predicted-by-the-time-she-spends-with-her-male-friends-but-not-her-male-coworkers
#7
Tara DeLecce, Nicole Barbaro, Derek Mohamedally, Todd K Shackelford
Males among many species, including humans, evaluate cues of sperm competition risk and adjust accordingly their sperm competition tactics. The number of potential sexual rivals can serve as an index of sperm competition risk. Therefore, men may adjust their in-pair copulatory interest in accordance with the presence of sexual rivals. Using self-reports from 45 married men, we test the hypotheses that the time a man's wife spends with other men-either male friends or male coworkers-will positively predict a man's copulatory interest in his wife (Hypothesis 1) and his anger (Hypothesis 2), upset (Hypothesis 3), and frustration (Hypothesis 4) in response to his wife's sexual rejection...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418984/anger-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-anrs-co13-hepavih
#8
Fabienne Marcellin, Camelia Protopopescu, Laure Esterle, Linda Wittkop, Lionel Piroth, Hugues Aumaitre, Olivier Bouchaud, Cécile Goujard, Daniel Vittecoq, François Dabis, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Maria P Carrieri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the relationship between anger dimensions (state, trait, expression, and control) and quality of life (QoL) in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH French national cohort. Anger and QoL were assessed using self-administered questionnaires in 536 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Correlations between anger scores (STAXI-2 scale) and QoL scores (WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale) were assessed using Spearman's coefficients...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#9
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417692/autobiographical-remembering-regulates-emotions-a-functional-perspective
#10
Sezin Öner, Sami Gülgöz
Emotional deviation has been considered an essential factor in emotion regulation, in that, attempts to compensate for the deviation is reflected on cognitive processes. In the present study, we focused on autobiographical remembering and tested the functional role of memory on emotion regulation. We specifically examined the congruence effect in individuals' subsequent memory reports after recalling emotional events. Individuals were randomly assigned to three groups to report either sadness or anger evoking events or emotionally unspecified events that they experienced in the last five years...
April 18, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415957/-so-happy-i-could-shout-and-so-happy-i-could-cry-dimorphous-expressions-represent-and-communicate-motivational-aspects-of-positive-emotions
#11
Oriana R Aragón, John A Bargh
Happiness can be expressed through smiles. Happiness can also be expressed through physical displays that without context, would appear to be sadness (tears, downward turned mouths, and crumpled body postures) and anger (clenched jaws, snarled lips, furrowed brows, and pumped fists). These seemingly incongruent displays of happiness, termed dimorphous expressions, we propose, represent and communicate expressers' motivational orientations. When participants reported their own aggressive expressions in positive or negative contexts, their expressions represented positive or negative emotional experiences respectively, imbued with appetitive orientations (feelings of wanting to go)...
April 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412614/pain-and-multiple-facets-of-anger-and-hostility-in-a-sample-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-anger
#12
Katherine A McDermott, Hillary L Smith, Natalie L Matheny, Jesse R Cougle
A number of studies have reported associations between pain and anger in samples with chronic pain, but research has mostly overlooked associations between pain and anger in those with problematic anger. The present study explored associations between pain severity and a variety of anger and hostility constructs in a sample seeking anger treatment (n =131). Zero-order correlations and partial correlations were used to examine associations between pain, anger, and hostility, controlling for depressive symptoms...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412558/relationship-of-mindful-awareness-to-neural-processing-of-angry-faces-and-impact-of-mindfulness-training-a-pilot-investigation
#13
Athene K W Lee, David A Gansler, Nanyin Zhang, Matthew W Jerram, Jean A King, Carl Fulwiler
Mindfulness is paying attention, non-judgmentally, to experience in the moment. Mindfulness training reduces depression and anxiety and influences neural processes in midline self-referential and lateralized somatosensory and executive networks. Although mindfulness benefits emotion regulation, less is known about its relationship to anger and the corresponding neural correlates. This study examined the relationship of mindful awareness and brain hemodynamics of angry face processing, and the impact of mindfulness training...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411960/age-and-gender-influences-on-the-needs-concerns-and-strategies-of-cabg-caregivers
#14
Margo A Halm
BACKGROUND: Caring for coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery patients can be challenging. No studies have explored caregiver burden by age and gender. OBJECTIVE: To describe age and gender-specific concerns, needs and strategies during the first 3 months. METHODS: Themes for burden concerns, needs and strategies were derived from interviews of 32 CABG caregivers using constant comparative analysis. RESULTS: Age-specific themes related to motivating exercise (<70), applying support hose, and self-reliance (>70)...
April 12, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#15
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-physical-dating-violence-among-north-american-indigenous-adolescents
#16
Dane S Hautala, Kelley J Sittner Hartshorn, Brian Armenta, Les Whitbeck
This study examined the lifetime prevalence of physical dating violence, including victimization, perpetration, and the overlap between the two (mutual violence) among a population sample of 551 reservation/reserve residing Indigenous (i.e., American Indian and Canadian First Nations) adolescents in the upper-Midwest of the United States and Canada. Potential correlates of four dating violence profiles (i.e., no dating violence, perpetration-only, victimization-only, and mutual violence) relevant to this population also were considered...
April 2017: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407967/molecular-characterization-of-an-unauthorized-genetically-modified-bacillus-subtilis-production-strain-identified-in-a-vitamin-b2-feed-additive
#17
Valentina Paracchini, Mauro Petrillo, Ralf Reiting, Alexandre Angers-Loustau, Daniela Wahler, Andrea Stolz, Birgit Schönig, Anastasia Matthies, Joachim Bendiek, Dominik M Meinel, Sven Pecoraro, Ulrich Busch, Alex Patak, Joachim Kreysa, Lutz Grohmann
Many food and feed additives result from fermentation of genetically modified (GM) microorganisms. For vitamin B2 (riboflavin), GM Bacillus subtilis production strains have been developed and are often used. The presence of neither the GM strain nor its recombinant DNA is allowed for fermentation products placed on the EU market as food or feed additive. A vitamin B2 product (80% feed grade) imported from China was analysed. Viable B. subtilis cells were identified and DNAs of two bacterial isolates (LHL and LGL) were subjected to three whole genome sequencing (WGS) runs with different devices (MiSeq, 454 or HiSeq system)...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406871/effects-of-breathing-based-meditation-on-earthquake-affected-health-professionals
#18
Miho Iwakuma, Daien Oshita, Akihiro Yamamoto, Yuka Urushibara-Miyachi
On March 11, 2013, the Great East Japan Earthquake (magnitude 9) hit the northern part of Japan (Tohoku), killing more than 15 000 people and leaving long-lasting scars, including psychological damage among evacuees, some of whom were health professionals. Little is known about meditation efficacy on disaster-affected health professionals. The present study investigated the effects of breathing-based meditation on seminar participants who were health professionals who had survived the earthquake. This study employed a mixed methods approach, using both survey data and handwritten qualitative data...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405190/abnormal-visual-scanning-of-emotionally-evocative-natural-scenes-in-huntington-s-disease
#19
Catarina C Kordsachia, Izelle Labuschagne, Julie C Stout
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative movement disorder associated with deficits in the processing of emotional stimuli, including alterations in the self-reported subjective experience of emotion when presented with pictures of emotional scenes. The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with HD, compared to unaffected controls, display abnormal visual scanning of emotionally evocative natural scenes. Using eye-tracking, we recorded eye-movements of 25 HD participants (advanced pre-symptomatic and early symptomatic) and 25 age-matched unaffected control participants during a picture viewing task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403690/exploring-the-relationship-between-victims-and-witnesses-of-aggression-and-anger-expression-in-thai-adolescents
#20
Nualnong Wongtongkam, Paul Russell Ward, Andrew Day, Anthony Harold Winefield
OBJECTIVE: Young people who are victims of, or witnesses to, aggression are at increased risk of developing a psychological disorder and behaving aggressively themselves. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of exposure to aggression in a sample of 1 770 students, aged 15-26 years recruited from technical colleges in Thailand. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence rates for both experiencing aggression as a victim and for witnessing an aggressive incident...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
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