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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#1
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776768/-topical-anesthesia-without-the-use-of-an-anesthesiologist-in-adult-outpatient-cataract-surgery-assessment-of-selection-criteria-on-consultation-report-of-248-cases
#3
M Pepin, E Rineau, A Caignard, S Leruez, P Gohier
INTRODUCTION: This work aims to evaluate selection criteria used during the cataract surgery scheduling visit, to choose whether or not there will be an anesthesiologist available during the surgery, depending upon the patient's comorbidities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study performed in 2016 in Angers university medical center. Two groups were established on the cataract surgery scheduling visit, based on patients' comorbidities and vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate)...
May 15, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776383/escalate-adaptive-treatment-approach-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-adhd-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Toivo Zinnow, Tobias Banaschewski, Andreas J Fallgatter, Carolin Jenkner, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Alexandra Philipsen, Wolfgang Retz, Esther Sobanski, Johannes Thome, Michael Rösler
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, a wide range of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment approaches for adults, including both pharmacological interventions and psychosocial treatments, have been proposed and observed to be efficient. In practice, individual treatment concepts are based on results of clinical studies as well as international guidelines (NICE Guidelines) that recommend a step-by-step treatment approach. Since the evidence supporting this approach is limited, the aim of the present study is to determine an optimal intervention regarding severity levels of ADHD symptomatology conducting a randomized controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774788/emotions-as-guardians-of-group-norms-expressions-of-anger-and-disgust-drive-inferences-about-autonomy-and-purity-violations
#5
Marc W Heerdink, Lukas F Koning, Evert A van Doorn, Gerben A van Kleef
Other people's emotional reactions to a third person's behaviour are potentially informative about what is appropriate within a given situation. We investigated whether and how observers' inferences of such injunctive norms are shaped by expressions of anger and disgust. Building on the moral emotions literature, we hypothesised that angry and disgusted expressions produce relative differences in the strength of autonomy-based versus purity-based norm inferences. We report three studies (plus three supplementary studies) using different types of stimuli (vignette-based, video clips) to investigate how emotional reactions shape norms about potential norm violations (eating snacks, drinking alcohol), and contexts (groups of friends, a university, a company)...
May 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771545/hemispheric-asymmetries-in-categorical-facial-expression-perception
#6
D Michael Burt, Markus Hausmann
Although many sensory phenomena vary continuously, humans tend to divide them into discrete categories with facial expressions being divided into categories such as happy, sad, anger, and fear. A critical effect of category use is categorical perception: same sized physical differences are better perceived if the difference occurs between two categories rather than within the same category. Here we investigate the lateralization of categorical perception of facial expressions. Categorical perception of facial expressions may be lateralized to the right hemisphere due to the intimacy of basic, possibly universal and innate, prototypical facial expression categories and face processing which is predominantly lateralized to the right hemisphere...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771201/attachment-and-jealousy-understanding-the-dynamic-experience-of-jealousy-using-the-response-escalation-paradigm
#7
Chloe O Huelsnitz, Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson, Vladas Griskevicius, Ohad Szepsenwol
Jealousy is a complex, dynamic experience that unfolds over time in relationship-threatening situations. Prior research has used retrospective reports that cannot disentangle initial levels and change in jealousy in response to escalating threat. In three studies, we examined responses to the Response Escalation Paradigm (REP)-a 5-stage hypothetical scenario in which individuals are exposed to increasing levels of relationship threat-as a function of attachment orientations. Highly anxious individuals exhibited hypervigilant, slow escalation response patterns, interfered earlier in the REP, felt more jealousy, sadness, and worry when they interfered, and wanted to engage in more vigilant, destructive, and passive behaviors aimed at their partner...
April 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769783/trichotillomania-ranging-from-ritual-to-illness-and-as-a-rare-clinical-manifestation-of-frontotemporal-dementia-review-of-literature-and-case-report
#8
Thomas Gregor Issac, Ashay Vivek Telang, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the most common form of dementia in the younger age group and often exists with comorbid obsessions and compulsions in up to 80% of the patients. Trichotillomania or compulsive "hair-pulling" disorder is a rare manifestation of FTD and is a poorly evaluated symptom in this condition. The release of "grooming functions" due to frontal disinhibition is often attributed to the evolutionary perspective; however, recent findings also implicate the role of neurotransmitter dysfunction...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768994/anhedonia-and-the-relationship-between-other-depressive-symptoms-and-aggressive-behavior
#9
Taban Salem, E Samuel Winer, D Gage Jordan, Michael R Nadorff, Jennifer R Fanning, Jessica Bryant, Mitchell E Berman, Jennifer C Veilleux
Depression has been linked to multiple forms of aggressive behavior in college students; however, it is unclear which aspects of depression explain this connection. Anhedonia, defined as the loss of interest and/or pleasure in previously enjoyed activities, may provide unique information about relationships between depression and aggression. Using cross-sectional data from two independent samples of college students ( N = 747 and N = 736 for Study 1 and Study 2, respectively), we examined whether anhedonia helped explain the relationship between broader depressive symptoms and different forms of aggressive and antisocial behavior...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765264/coping-with-loss-of-ability-vs-emotional-control-and-self-esteem-in-women-after-mastectomy
#10
Katarzyna Cieślak, Wojciech Golusiński
Aim: Does coping with the loss of ability depend on self-esteem and emotional control? Background: Persons who experience losses in two dimensions, i.e. health and ability can deal with the loss by physical therapy, and also by mental and socio-professional rehabilitation. But far and foremost, it is the personality of the person who experiences the loss that matters most. Materials and methods: The study included 37 patients after mastectomy...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762795/addressing-racism-in-medical-education-an-interactive-training-module
#11
Tanya White-Davis, Jennifer Edgoose, Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Kathryn Fraser, Jeffrey M Ring, Jessica Guh, George W Saba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Education of health care clinicians on racial and ethnic disparities has primarily focused on emphasizing statistics and cultural competency, with minimal attention to racism. Learning about racism and unconscious processes provides skills that reduce bias when interacting with minority patients. This paper describes the responses to a relationship-based workshop and toolkit highlighting issues that medical educators should address when teaching about racism in the context of pernicious health disparities...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760398/urban-sparrows-respond-to-a-sexually-selected-trait-with-increased-aggression-in-noise
#12
Jennifer N Phillips, Elizabeth P Derryberry
Animals modify acoustic communication signals in response to noise pollution, but consequences of these modifications are unknown. Vocalizations that transmit best in noise may not be those that best signal male quality, leading to potential conflict between selection pressures. For example, slow paced, narrow bandwidth songs transmit better in noise but are less effective in mate choice and competition than fast paced, wide bandwidth songs. We test the hypothesis that noise affects response to song pace and bandwidth in the context of competition using white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys)...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759090/perceived-discrimination-and-emotional-reactions-in-people-with-different-types-of-disabilities-a-qualitative-approach
#13
Daniel Pérez-Garín, Patricia Recio, Alejandro Magallares, Fernando Molero, Cristina García-Ael
The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults with physical disabilities, ten with hearing impairments and seven with visual impairments. The agreement between the coders showed an excellent reliability for all three groups, with kappa coefficients between .82 and .96. Differences were assessed between the three groups regarding the types of discrimination they experienced and their most frequent emotional responses...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758391/the-impact-bias-in-self-and-others-affective-and-empathic-forecasting-in-individuals-with-social-anxiety
#14
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Jutta Joormann, Matthias Siemer, Kiara R Timpano
People tend to overestimate the intensity and duration of affect (i.e., impact bias) when making predictions about their own and others' responding, termed affective and empathic forecasting, respectively. Research links impact biases to clinical symptoms of affective disorders, but little work has been done to examine how social anxiety is related to affective and empathic forecasting biases. The current investigation included two studies examining these associations in independent samples of young adults with dimensionally distributed social anxiety symptoms...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756792/reading-the-lines-in-the-face-the-contribution-of-angularity-and-roundness-to-perceptions-of-facial-anger-and-joy
#15
Robert G Franklin, Reginald B Adams, Troy G Steiner, Leslie A Zebrowitz
Through 3 studies, we investigated whether angularity and roundness present in faces contributes to the perception of anger and joyful expressions, respectively. First, in Study 1 we found that angry expressions naturally contain more inward-pointing lines, whereas joyful expressions contain more outward-pointing lines. Then, using image-processing techniques in Studies 2 and 3, we filtered images to contain only inward-pointing or outward-pointing lines as a way to approximate angularity and roundness. We found that filtering images to be more angular increased how threatening and angry a neutral face was rated, increased how intense angry expressions were rated, and enhanced the recognition of anger...
May 14, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753254/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-results-from-the-mind-your-heart-study
#16
Melanie B Arenson, Mary A Whooley, Thomas C Neylan, Shira Maguen, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen
Veterans with PTSD or depression are at increased risk for suicidal ideation. However, few studies have examined that risk in those with comorbid PTSD and depression, instead focusing on these disorders individually. This study investigates the association of suicidal ideation with comorbid PTSD and depression and examines the role of military and psychosocial covariates. We evaluated 746 veterans using the CAPS to assess PTSD and the PHQ-9 to measure depression and suicidal ideation. Covariates were assessed via validated self-report measures...
April 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753187/dsm-5-intermittent-explosive-disorder-relationship-with-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder
#17
Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to estimate how many adults with DSM-5 Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) would also meet diagnostic criteria for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD). This was done by examining how many individuals with IED would meet the DMDD criterion of being persistently angry in between impulsive aggressive outbursts. METHODS: The first one-hundred study participants diagnosed with DSM-5 IED in our clinical research program were included in this study...
April 30, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753082/criteria-to-determine-reliability-of-non-invasive-assessment-of-liver-fibrosis-with-virtual-touch-quantification
#18
Jerome Boursier, Christophe Cassinotto, Gilles Hunault, Sarah Shili, Jerome Lebigot, Bruno Lapuyade, Adrien Lannes, Jean-Baptiste Hiriart, Victoire Cartier, Brigitte Le Bail, Sophie Michalak, Amaury Mouries, Frederic Oberti, Faiza Chermak, Isabelle Fouchard-Hubert, Paul Cales, Christophe Aube, Victor de Ledinghen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) evaluates liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver diseases by measuring shear wave speed in the liver. We aimed to determine the reliability criteria of VTQ examination. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 1094 patients with chronic liver disease from November 2009 through October 2016 at Angers University Hospital, and between April 2010 and May 2015 at Bordeaux University Hospital, in France...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752749/preliminary-evidence-that-androgen-signaling-is-correlated-with-men-s-everyday-language
#19
Jennifer S Mascaro, Kelly E Rentscher, Patrick D Hackett, Adriana Lori, Alana Darcher, James K Rilling, Matthias R Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Testosterone (T) has an integral, albeit complex, relationship with social behavior, especially in the domains of aggression and competition. However, examining this relationship in humans is challenging given the often covert and subtle nature of human aggression and status-seeking. The present study aimed to investigate whether T levels and genetic polymorphisms in the AR gene are associated with social behavior assessed via natural language use. METHODS: We used unobtrusive, behavioral, real-world ambulatory assessments of men in partnered heterosexual relationships to examine the relationship between plasma T levels, variation in the androgen receptor (AR) gene, and spontaneous, everyday language in three interpersonal contexts: with romantic partners, with co-workers, and with their children...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752249/virtual-antenatal-encounter-and-standardized-simulation-assessment-vanessa-pilot-study
#20
Patrick Motz, Megan Gray, Taylor Sawyer, Jennifer Kett, Douglas Danforth, Kellen Maicher, Rachel Umoren
BACKGROUND: Prenatal counseling at the limits of newborn viability involves sensitive interactions between neonatal providers and families. Empathetic discussions are currently learned through practice in times of high stress. Decision aids may help improve provider communication but have not been universally adopted. Virtual standardized patients are increasingly recognized as a modality for education, but prenatal counseling simulations have not been described. To be valuable as a tool, a virtual patient would need to accurately portray emotions and elicit a realistic response from the provider...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
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