keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wernickes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806599/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-anterior-striatum-and-prefrontal-cortex-predicts-reading-performance-in-school-age-children
#1
Sarael Alcauter, Liliana García-Mondragón, Zeus Gracia-Tabuenca, Martha B Moreno, Juan J Ortiz, Fernando A Barrios
The current study investigated the neural basis of reading performance in 60 school-age Spanish-speaking children, aged 6 to 9years. By using a data-driven approach and an automated matching procedure, we identified a left-lateralized resting state network that included typical language regions (Wernicke's and Broca's regions), prefrontal cortex, pre- and post-central gyri, superior and middle temporal gyri, cerebellum, and subcortical regions, and explored its relevance for reading performance (accuracy, comprehension and speed)...
August 11, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780063/reorganization-of-language-centers-in-patients-with-brain-tumors-located-in-eloquent-speech-areas-a-pre-and-postoperative-preliminary-fmri-study
#2
Katarzyna Gębska-Kośla, Bartosz Bryszewski, Dariusz J Jaskólski, Jan Fortuniak, Maciej Niewodniczy, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Agata Majos
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine in pre- and postsurgical fMRI studies the rearrangement of the Broca's and Wernicke's areas and the lateralization index for these areas in patients with brain tumors located near speech centers. Impact of the surgical treatment on the brain plasticity was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre- and postoperative fMRI examinations were performed in 10 patients with low grade glial, left-sided brain tumors located close to the Broca's (5 patients) or Wernicke's area (5 patients)...
July 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765488/wernicke%C3%A3-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-s-encephalopathy-associated-with-liver-abscess
#3
Rajesh Verma, Vipul Garg
Wernicke's encephalopathy is a rare neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, characterised by ocular motor dysfunction, ataxia and impairment in consciousness. It predominantly affects brain regions with a high metabolic rate such as mammillary bodies, medial thalamic nuclei, the tectal region and the cerebellum. Although chronic alcoholism is the most common cause of Wernicke's encephalopathy, various other conditions not related to alcohol consumption such as bariatric surgery, acute pancreatitis, hyperemesis gravidarum, prolonged fasting and gastrointestinal surgery have been implicated in its aetiology...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752511/wernicke-s-encephalopathy-after-bariatric-surgery-with-atypical-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-case-report
#4
Bo-An Chen, Lu-An Chen Chen
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a disease caused by thiamine deficiency related to alcoholism, hyperemesis, or thiamine malabsorption. The clinical manifestations of WE are mental change, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia. The typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of WE are symmetrical involvement of medial thalamus, periventricular region of the third ventricle, periaqueductal area, and mammillary body. The atypical MRI findings are more common in nonalcoholic WE. Since the increasing population of obesity and the preference of weight loss surgery, the risk of developing thiamine deficiencies associated with weight loss surgery has become a considerable etiology of WE...
March 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745996/nystagmus-from-wernicke-s-encephalopathy
#5
Pria Anand, Daniel R Gold
A 28-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with vertigo, confusion, and falls 2 weeks after a surgical abortion at 11 weeks of gestation. Her pregnancy had been complicated by persistent hyperemesis gravidarum. An examination revealed spontaneous upbeat nystagmus (Video 1),..
July 27, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740788/acellular-dermal-matrix-versus-inferior-deepithelialized-flap-breast-reconstruction-equivalent-outcomes-with-increased-cost
#6
Heidi H Hon, Ronnie N Mubang, Brian D Wernick, Samuel F Freedman, Jill C Stoltzfus, Lino F Miele, Stanislaw P Stawicki, W Michael Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Approximately 250,000 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed yearly in the U.S. resulting in more postmastectomy breast reconstructions (PMBRs). The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) expander-implant method became popular in the mid-2000s, but newer techniques such as the inferior deepithelialized flap (IDF) has more recently been described. We hypothesize that ADMs and IDFs provide comparable aesthetic outcomes, with no difference in complication rates and operative characteristics...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736097/alcoholic-pellagra-as-a-cause-of-altered-mental-status-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Sarah Luthe Kyuragi, Ryota Sato
BACKGROUND: Pellagra, which is caused by a deficiency of niacin and tryptophan, the precursor of niacin, is a rare disease in developed countries where alcoholism is a major risk factor due to malnutrition and lack of B vitamins. Although pellagra involves treatable dementia and psychosis, it is often underdiagnosed, especially in developed countries. CASE REPORT: In Japan, a 37-year-old man presented to the emergency department with altered mental status and seizures...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722480/efficacy-and-safety-of-biosimilar-sar342434-insulin-lispro-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-also-using-insulin-glargine-sorella-1-study
#8
Satish Garg, Karin Wernicke-Panten, Maria Rojeski, Suzanne Pierre, Yvonne Kirchhein, Krystyna Jedynasty
BACKGROUND: SAR342434 is a biosimilar (follow-on) of insulin lispro-Humalog®. This study aimed to show similar efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of SAR342434 (SAR-Lis) versus insulin lispro-Humalog (Ly-Lis) in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) treated with multiple daily injections while using basal insulin glargine (Lantus®; GLA100GLA-100). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SORELLA-1 was a randomized, open-label Phase 3 study (NCT02273180). Patients completing the 6-month main study continued on SAR-Lis or Ly-Lis, as randomized, for a 6-month safety extension...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721889/clinical-outcomes-of-large-brain-metastases-treated-with-neurosurgical-resection-and-intraoperative-cesium-131-brachytherapy-results-of-a-prospective-trial
#9
A Gabriella Wernicke, Cole B Hirschfeld, Andrew W Smith, Shoshana Taube, Menachem Z Yondorf, Bhupesh Parashar, Lucy Nedialkova, Fridon Kulidzhanov, Samuel Trichter, Albert Sabbas, Rohan Ramakrishna, Susan Pannullo, Theodore H Schwartz
PURPOSE: Studies on adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery to the cavity of resected brain metastases have suggested that larger tumors (>2.0 cm) have greater rates of recurrence and radionecrosis (RN). The present study assessed the effect of permanent low-dose (131)Cs brachytherapy on local control and RN in patients treated for large brain metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS: After institutional review board approval, 42 patients with 46 metastases ≥2.0 cm in preoperative diameter were accrued to a prospective trial from 2010 to 2015...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717525/differential-effects-of-awake-glioma-surgery-in-critical-language-areas-on-cognition-4-case-studies
#10
Djaina Satoer, Elke De Witte, Marion Smits, Roelien Bastiaanse, Arnaud Vincent, Peter Mariën, Evy Visch-Brink
Awake surgery with electrocorticosubcortical stimulation is the golden standard treatment for gliomas in eloquent areas. Preoperatively, mostly mild cognitive disturbances are observed with postoperative deterioration. We describe pre- and postoperative profiles of 4 patients (P1-P4) with gliomas in "critical" language areas ("Broca," "Wernicke," and the arcuate fasciculus) undergoing awake surgery to get insight into the underlying mechanism of neuroplasticity. Neuropsychological examination was carried out preoperatively (at T1) and postoperatively (at T2, T3)...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708361/-from-thiamine-deficiency-to-wernicke-encephalopathy-unknown-pathology
#11
Valérie Farquet, Veronica Alvarez, Stéphane Biselx, Martial Coutaz
The thiamine deficiency and its clinical consequences, especially the Wernicke encephalopathy, are still often not diagnosed. The etiologies are numerous, but the most frequent is the alcohol dependence. The diagnostic is mainly clinical and the treatment must be started as soon as possible by substituting the thiamine with intravenous injection.
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694620/nonalcoholic-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-a-retrospective-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#12
Irfan Ahmad Shah, Ravouf Parvaiz Asimi, Yuman Kawoos, Maqbool Wani, Tahir Saleem, Waqas Nabi Baba
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the demographic features, clinical presentation, and management and outcome of fifty cases of nonalcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy from a tertiary care hospital of a region with reported incidence of thiamine deficiency disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, fifty adult cases of Wernicke's encephalopathy were analyzed. The diagnosis of Wernicke's encephalopathy was made according to the European federation of neurological societies guidelines 2010...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680772/first-clinical-report-on-comparative-treatment-and-survival-outcomes-in-second-cancers-after-primary-head-and-neck-cancer-a-population-based-study
#13
Xin Wang, Elizabeth A Mauer, Paul Christos, Julia Manzerova, A Gabriella Wernicke, Bhupesh Parashar
INTRODUCTION: To compare patients' survival of second primary malignancy (SPM) after head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was utilized (1973-2011). The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) among treatment methods from the time of diagnosis of SPMs. Cox proportional regression models were used to adjust the impact for risk factors on CSS...
May 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680171/thiamine-prescribing-practices-for-adult-patients-admitted-to-an-internal-medicine-service
#14
Uzma Alim, Duane Bates, Ashten Langevin, Denise Werry, Deonne Dersch-Mills, Robert J Herman, Marcy Mintz, Sunita Ghosh
BACKGROUND: Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential cofactor responsible for the breakdown of glucose, and its deficiency is associated with Wernicke encephalopathy (WE). There is a lack of evidence from systematic studies on the optimal dosing of thiamine for WE. Objectives: The primary objective was to describe the prescribing patterns for IV thiamine in adult patients admitted to a large teaching hospital. The secondary objective was to evaluate the clinical resolution of WE symptoms (confusion, ataxia, and/or ocular motor abnormalities) in relation to the dose of IV thiamine prescribed...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665385/-dynamics-of-functional-mri-and-speech-function-in-patients-after-resection-of-frontal-and-temporal-lobe-tumors
#15
S B Buklina, A I Batalov, A S Smirnov, A A Poddubskaya, D I Pitskhelauri, G L Kobyakov, V Yu Zhukov, S A Goryaynov, A S Kulikov, A A Ogurtsova, A V Golanov, M D Varyukhina, I N Pronin
RATIONALE: There are no studies on application of functional MRI (fMRI) for long-term monitoring of the condition of patients after resection of frontal and temporal lobe tumors. PURPOSE: The study purpose was to correlate, using fMRI, reorganization of the speech system and dynamics of speech disorders in patients with left hemisphere gliomas before surgery and in the early and late postoperative periods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with left hemisphere gliomas were dynamically monitored using fMRI and comprehensive neuropsychological testing...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660359/non-alcoholic-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-with-cortical-involvement-and-polyneuropathy-following-gastrectomy
#16
Wei-Chia Tsao, Long-Sun Ro, Chiung-Mei Chen, Hong-Chiu Chang, Hung-Chou Kuo
In this study, we present the clinical manifestations, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and concurrent polyneuropathies in two patients with non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II) anastomosis procedures. These patients developed sub-acute onset of disorientation and disturbance of consciousness following several weeks of poor intake. Peripheral neuropathy of varying severity was noted before and after the onset of WE. Brain MRI of the patients showed cerebellar vermis and symmetric cortical abnormalities in addition to typical WE changes...
June 28, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658048/increased-activation-of-the-hippocampus-during-a-chinese-character-subvocalization-task-in-adults-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-palatoplasty-and-speech-therapy
#17
Wenjing Zhang, Chunlin Li, Long Chen, Xiyue Xing, Xiangyang Li, Zhi Yang, Haiyan Zhang, Renji Chen
This study aimed to explore brain activation in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) using a Chinese character subvocalization task, in which the stimuli were selected from a clinical articulation evaluation test. CLP is a congenital disability. Individuals with CLP usually have articulation disorder caused by abnormal lip and palate structure. Previous studies showed that primary somatosensory and motor areas had a significant difference in activation in patients with CLP. However, whether brain activation was restored to a normal level after palatoplasty and speech rehabilitation is not clear...
August 16, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656532/current-controversies-on-wernicke-s-area-and-its-role-in-language
#18
REVIEW
Jeffrey R Binder
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the study is to assess historical anatomical and functional definitions of Wernicke's area in light of modern lesion and neuroimaging data. RECENT FINDINGS: "Wernicke's area" has become an anatomical label usually applied to the left posterior superior temporal gyrus and adjacent supramarginal gyrus. Recent evidence shows that this region is not critical for speech perception or for word comprehension. Rather, it supports retrieval of phonological forms (mental representations of phoneme sequences), which are used for speech output and short-term memory tasks...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653943/a-patient-with-a-typical-presentation-of-wernicke-encephalopathy-was-found-to-have-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#19
K Goossens, R L van Bruchem-Visser
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has a significant degree of clinical heterogeneity that is especially found in the features at onset. Here we present a patient with the sporadic form of CJD mimicking Wernicke encephalopathy. We first treated him with a high dose of thiamine; however, the vitamin B1 levels proved to be normal, which ruled out Wernicke encephalopathy. Meanwhile, his clinical condition progressively worsened and he developed a rapidly progressive cognitive disorder, mutism and myoclonus of the muscles...
June 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626411/dissociated-crossed-speech-areas-in-a-tumour-patient
#20
Jörg Mauler, Irene Neuner, Georg Neuloh, Bruno Fimm, Frank Boers, Martin Wiesmann, Hans Clusmann, Karl-Josef Langen, N Jon Shah
In the past, the eloquent areas could be deliberately localised by the invasive Wada test. The very rare cases of dissociated crossed speech areas were accidentally found based on the clinical symptomatology. Today functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-based imaging can be employed to non-invasively localise the eloquent areas in brain tumour patients for therapy planning. A 41-year-old, left-handed man with a low-grade glioma in the left frontal operculum extending to the insular cortex, tension headaches, and anomic aphasia over 5 months underwent a pre-operative speech area localisation fMRI measurement, which revealed the evidence of the transhemispheric disposition, where the dominant Wernicke speech area is located on the left and the Broca's area is strongly lateralised to the right hemisphere...
May 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
keyword
keyword
26903
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"