keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wernickes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910747/korsakoff-syndrome-in-non-alcoholic-psychiatric-patients-variable-cognitive-presentation-and-impaired-frontotemporal-connectivity
#1
Georgios Nikolakaros, Timo Kurki, Janina Paju, Sokratis G Papageorgiou, Risto Vataja, Tuula Ilonen
Background: Non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome are greatly underdiagnosed. There are very few reported cases of neuropsychologically documented non-alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome, and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data are scarce. Methods: We report clinical characteristics and neuropsychological as well as radiological findings from three psychiatric patients (one woman and two men) with a history of probable undiagnosed non-alcoholic Wernicke's encephalopathy and subsequent chronic memory problems...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901647/changes-in-the-corpus-callosum-during-the-recovery-of-aphasia-a-case-report
#2
Qiwei Yu, Weixin Yang, Yi Liu, Hong Wang, Zhuoming Chen, Jiajian Yan
RATIONALE: The corpus callosum, which is the most important fiber pathway linking the bilateral hemispheres, plays a key role in information access, as well as the functional coordination and reorganization between the bilateral hemispheres. However, whether the corpus callosum will undergo structural changes during the recovery of aphasia is still unclear. In the current study, a Chinese aphasic patient with stroke was reported to develop changes in the corpus callosum after speech therapy...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891070/toxic-induced-cerebellar-syndrome-from-the-fetal-period-to-the-elderly
#3
Mario Manto, Gaetano Perrotta
The cerebellum is a brain region which is particularly susceptible to intoxication. Clinical presentation is heterogeneous. It is often considered that elderly patients and patients presenting pre-existing structural lesions of the posterior fossa are particularly at risk of developing a toxic-induced cerebellar syndrome (TOICS). However, TOICS may occur at any age, including in utero. Indeed, the cerebellum is highly vulnerable during neurodevelopment. Amongst cerebellotoxic agents, ethanol is the most commonly implicated...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875638/prediction-of-speech-sounds-is-facilitated-by-a-functional-fronto-temporal-network
#4
Lena K L Oestreich, Thomas J Whitford, Marta I Garrido
Predictive coding postulates that the brain continually predicts forthcoming sensory events based on past experiences in order to process sensory information and respond to unexpected events in a fast and efficient manner. Predictive coding models in the context of overt speech are believed to operate along auditory white matter pathways such as the arcuate fasciculus and the frontal aslant. The aim of this study was to investigate whether brain regions that are structurally connected via these white matter pathways are also effectively engaged when listening to externally-generated, temporally-predicable speech sounds...
2018: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868178/wernicke-encephalopathy-mri-picture-worth-a-thousand-words
#5
Kalimullah Jan
A 61-year-old gentleman, with a long-standing history of alcohol abuse presented with altered sensorium and unsteady gait for 2 weeks. A diagnosis of Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) was considered. The magnetic resonance imaging brain showed features consistent with the WE, thus supporting the diagnosis. He was treated with parenteral thiamine with good outcome.
May 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851876/primary-progressive-aphasia-and-stroke-aphasia
#6
Murray Grossman, David J Irwin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the clinical and anatomic features of the three named variants of primary progressive aphasia (PPA): semantic variant PPA, nonfluent/agrammatic variant PPA, and logopenic variant PPA. Three stroke aphasia syndromes that resemble the PPA variants (Broca aphasia, Wernicke aphasia, and conduction aphasia) are also presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Semantic variant PPA and Wernicke aphasia are characterized by fluent speech with naming and comprehension difficulty; these syndromes are associated with disease in different portions of the left temporal lobe...
June 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804231/the-role-of-the-periaqueductal-gray-matter-in-lower-urinary-tract-function
#7
REVIEW
Aryo Zare, Ali Jahanshahi, Mohammad-Sajjad Rahnama'i, Sandra Schipper, Gommert A van Koeveringe
The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), as one of the mostly preserved evolutionary components of the brain, is an axial structure modulating various important functions of the organism, including autonomic, behavioral, pain, and micturition control. It has a critical role in urinary bladder physiology, with respect to storage and voiding of urine. The PAG has a columnar composition and has extensive connections with its cranially and caudally located components of the central nervous system (CNS). The PAG serves as the control tower of the detrusor and sphincter contractions...
May 26, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803410/prevalence-and-predictors-of-postoperative-thiamine-deficiency-after-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy
#8
Liyang Tang, Hatim A Alsulaim, Joseph K Canner, Gregory P Prokopowicz, Kimberley E Steele
BACKGROUND: As the vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) becomes increasingly popular, its effect on postoperative micronutrient levels, such as thiamine, becomes more important. We previously found a 1.8% prevalence of thiamine deficiency in bariatric patients before surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of thiamine deficiency at our center after VSG and to explore possible predictors of postoperative thiamine levels. SETTING: University hospital, United States...
March 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751937/beyond-thiamine-treatment-for-cognitive-impairment-in-korsakoff-s-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Justin M Johnson, Valerie Fox
BACKGROUND: Wernicke's encephalopathy is a condition whose treatment many consultation-liaison psychiatrists know quite well. Less clear, however, is the treatment of its dementia disorder descendent, the Korsakoff's syndrome (KS). OBJECTIVE: This article seeks to review treatment options and provide recommendations for consultation-liaison psychiatrists treating cognitive impairment in KS. METHODS: In this nonsystematic review, we reviewed PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Google Scholar for published reports and studies regarding treatment of KS...
March 27, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747720/wernicke-encephalopathy-without-delirium-that-appeared-as-agitation-in-a-patient-with-lung-cancer
#10
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Takao Takahashi, Yoshitada Taji, Kenji Ikebuchi, Daisuke Furuya, Nozomu Uchida, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, and is sometimes overlooked because of the diversity of clinical symptoms. METHOD: From a series of WE patients with cancer, we report a lung cancer patient who developed WE, the main symptom of which was agitation.ResultA 50-year-old woman with lung cancer was referred to our psycho-oncology clinic because of agitation lasting for three days. No laboratory findings or drugs explaining her agitation were identified...
May 11, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744060/what-can-go-wrong-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-in-bulawayo-zimbabwe
#11
Fiona T Nhari, Narcisious B T Dzvanga
We report two cases of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) secondary to hyperemesis gravidarum. Oral thiamine was administered (intravenous unavailable locally). However, both the patient's condition improved in the first 48 h and progressively over a month. Initially, WKS is missed due to rare feature of full classical triad of symptoms, especially in nonalcoholics.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740388/central-lesions-with-selective-semicircular-canal-involvement-mimicking-bilateral-vestibulopathy
#12
REVIEW
Luke Chen, G Michael Halmagyi
Bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP), which is due to peripheral lesions, may selectively involve certain semicircular canal (SCC). Recent eye movement recordings with search coil and video head impulse test (HIT) have provided insight in central lesions that can cause bilateral and selective SCC deficit mimicking BVP. Since neurological signs or ocular motor deficits maybe subtle or absent, it is critical to recognize central lesions correctly since there is prognostic and treatment implication. Acute floccular lesions cause bilateral horizontal SCC (HC) impairment while leaving vertical SCC function unaffected...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730896/case-report-of-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Leslie A Hamilton, Sarah H Darby, Allan J Hamilton, Matthew H Wilkerson, Kabel A Morgan
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a patient who was 3 months post-sleeve gastrectomy and presented with acute stroke symptoms ultimately due to Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after bariatric surgery. A 20-year-old white female presented to an outside hospital 3 months after sleeve gastrectomy complaining of nausea and vomiting. She initially underwent a cholecystectomy and later became less responsive and required intubation. Magnetic resonance imaging changes, presumed to be an acute stroke, prompted her transfer to our facility...
December 14, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714153/thiamine-and-alcohol-for-brain-pathology-super-imposing-or-different-causative-factors-for-brain-damage
#14
Rita Moretti, Paola Caruso, Matteo Dal Ben, Silvia Gazzin, Claudio Tiribelli
Drinking more than the recommended limits is a worldwide emerging problem, difficult to circumscribe, and alcohol related brain damages are an under-recognized health problem. Alcohol-cognitive disruption can be considered as transient and recoverable if the alcohol consumption is limited and occasional; if not, it can progress to the so-called alcohol-related dementia (ARD), or to the Wernicke encephalopathy, or it can even induce the Korsakoff syndrome, an irreversible and long-lasting medical condition. ARD still remains poorly diagnosed and addressed, even if it had recently raised increased research interest...
April 2, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694308/severe-neurological-complication-following-adjustable-gastric-banding
#15
G Martines, N Musa, F Aquilino, P Capuano
AIM: In the last years with the increase of bariatric surgery, first of all as a result of new indications, a rise in the incidence of nutrient-related complications has been observed. Currently little is known about the impact of post-bariatric malnutrition and neurological complications. Wernicke's encephalopathy is a severe neurological syndrome which occurs as a result of thiamine deficiency. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome must be considered a serious neurological complication of bariatric surgery with significant morbidity and mortality, with rapidly progressing neurological symptoms, and must be treated immediately...
March 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693218/preventing-wernicke-encephalopathy-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Erik Oudman, Jan W Wijnia, Mirjam van Dam, Laser Ulas Biter, Albert Postma
Half a million bariatric procedures are performed annually worldwide. Our aim was to review the signs and symptoms of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) after bariatric surgery. We included 118 WE cases. Descriptions involved gastric bypass (52%), but also newer procedures like the gastric sleeve. Bariatric WE patients were younger (median = 33 years) than those in a recent meta-analysis of medical procedures (mean = 39.5 years), and often presented with vomiting (87.3%), ataxia (84.7%), altered mental status (76...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679508/motion-compensated-image-reconstruction-vs-postreconstruction-correction-in-respiratory-binned-spect-with-standard-and-reduced-dose-acquisitions
#17
Chao Song, Yongyi Yang, Wenyuan Qi, Miles N Wernick, P Hendrik Pretorius, Michael A King
PURPOSE: Cardiac perfusion images in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can suffer from respiratory motion blur. We investigated a reconstruction approach for correcting respiratory motion in respiratory-binned acquisitions and assessed the benefit of this approach in both standard dose and reduced dose. METHODS: We modeled the acquired data from different respiratory bins by a joint probability distribution which was parameterized with respect to a common reference bin...
April 21, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667898/wernicke-s-encephalopathy-after-cardiac-surgery
#18
Yoshiyuki Nishimura
A 76-year-old woman who had been on hemodialysis for 3 years developed ischemic mitral valve insufficiency, tricuspid insufficiency, and chronic atrial fibrillation, and underwent cardiac surgery. On the 4th postoperative day, she experienced a sudden disturbance of consciousness, aphasia, and limb ataxia. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormalities. Wernicke's encephalopathy was suspected and the patient was given vitamin B1, whereupon her symptoms gradually improved. On the 42nd postoperative day, she was free of neurological symptoms and discharged...
May 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666718/an-autopsy-case-of-misdiagnosed-wernicke-s-syndrome-after-intragastric-balloon-therapy
#19
Paola Vellante, Aldo Carnevale, Cristian D'Ovidio
Intragastric balloon (IGB) therapy is a widely used technique to counter obesity, and it is known to be safe and effective. Although there can be a high rate of side effects following IGB therapy, most are self-healing and they are mainly accommodative in nature. Few cases of Wernicke's syndrome under IGB therapy have been described in the literature, and to the best of our knowledge, none have been fatal. We present here a case of a 51-year-old woman who underwent IGB therapy over 8 months. Late diagnosed Wernicke's syndrome that first appeared as lower limb neuropathy progressively immobilized the patient, until she required bed rest...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657895/restricted-single-isocenter-for-multiple-targets-dynamic-conformal-arc-rsimt-dca-technique-for-brain-stereotactic-radiosurgery-srs-planning
#20
Jenghwa Chang, A Gabriella Wernicke, Susan C Pannullo
Purpose/Objectives: In stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), the multiple isocenters for multiple targets dynamic conformal arc (MIMT DCA) technique is traditionally used to treat multiple brain metastases, with one isocenter for each target. The single isocenter for multiple targets (SIMT) technique has recently been adopted to reduce the treatment time at the cost of plan quality. The objective of this study was to develop a restricted single isocenter for multiple targets DCA (RSIMT DCA) technique that can significantly reduce the treatment time but still maintain similar plan quality as the MIMT DCA technique...
2018: Journal of Radiosurgery and SBRT
keyword
keyword
26903
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"