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Cough assist

Christopher B Horn, Nikhil R Patel, Jennifer A Hawasli, Melanie A Edwards
A 46-year-old man presented to the thoracic surgery clinic with a 6-month history of cough and hemoptysis refractory to treatment. Examination of specimens from repeated biopsies was nondiagnostic, so the patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic left upper lobe wedge resection. Pathologic examination revealed Paragonimus organisms, and the patient was prescribed praziquantel, with resolution of his symptoms. Although Paragonimus infections are common in Asia, they are rare in the United States despite P kellicotti being endemic...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Reeta James, S Avudaiappan, A Assistant Professor, Kumar Natarajan, S Chandrasekaran
Multifocal Tuberculosis represents the many faces of an age old disease. It is characterized by the presence of large multifocal tuberculous areas in same or different organs. A 50 year old male patient, presented with features suggestive of renal failure, low grade fever and cough with mucoid expectoration. He was found to have pulmonary TB, genitourinary TB and tuberculous lymphadenitis. He was started on antituberculous treatment to which he showed good response.
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hanlu Zhang, Yingcai Geng, Yu Zheng, Yun Wang
A 68-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with an acute episode of chest pain, progressive cough and fever. She underwent trans-subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (TsVATET) for thymoma with myasthenia gravis (MG) 9 days ago. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed anterior mediastinal oedema, and infiltrative findings involved bilateral lung. Physical examination revealed the subxiphoid wound suppuration. We diagnosed subxiphoid incision infection, anterior mediastinitis and concomitant bilateral pneumonia...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Roberto W Dal Negro, Massimiliano Mazzolini, Paola Turco, Alessandro Zanasi
BACKGROUND: Cough is one of the most common discomforts affecting general population, which can disrupt subjects' quality of life due to its physical, social, and psychological effects. Aim of the study was to investigate the impact of cough and related beliefs of general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out by means of a specific, validated questionnaire on a representative sample of Italian general population. All the interviews were carried out according to the Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) methodology by expert, professional interviewers...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Giorgio C Ginesu, Claudio F Feo, Maria L Cossu, Francesca Ruiu, Francesca Addis, Alessandro Fancellu, Alessandro G Fois, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Alberto Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Broncho-esophageal fistula is a rare clinical condition which can be manifested with non-specific signs and symptoms. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: Here, we report an adult case of a broncho-esophageal fistula in a 43-year-old man referred for chronic cough after fluid food intake and weight loss. Barium swallow, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, bronchoscopy and Computed Tomography of the chest demonstrated a broncho-esophageal fistula between the apical segmental bronchus of the lower right lobe and the middle section of the esophagus...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Louise Rose, Neill K Adhikari, Joseph Poon, David Leasa, Douglas A McKim
BACKGROUND: Critically ill mechanically ventilated patients experience impaired airway clearance due to ineffective cough and impaired secretion mobilization. Cough augmentation techniques, including mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E), manually assisted cough, and lung volume recruitment, improve cough efficiency. Our objective was to describe use, indications, contraindications, interfaces, settings, complications, and barriers to use across Canada. METHODS: An e-mail survey was sent to nominated local survey champions in eligible Canadian units (ICUs, weaning centers, and intermediate care units) with 4 telephone/e-mail reminders...
October 2016: Respiratory Care
Takaaki Mori, Nobuaki Inoue
A previously healthy 1-year-old boy suddenly began choking and coughing after ingesting a coin. The child's mother attempted to extract the coin by inserting her fingers in his mouth and sweeping the oral cavity. The mother felt the object momentarily with her fingertips but was unable to retrieve it, and brought her son to a local hospital for assistance. The patient was referred to our emergency department (ED) for possible oesophageal obstruction by a foreign body based on the X-ray findings. On arrival at our ED, the child exhibited mild gagging but presented no respiratory symptoms and normal pulmonary examination...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Sun Mi Kim, Won Ah Choi, Yu Hui Won, Seong Woong Kang
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of a mechanical in-exsufflator (MI-E), either alone or in combination with manual thrust, to augment cough in patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD) and respiratory muscle dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this randomized crossover single-center controlled trial, patients with noninvasive ventilator-dependent NMD were recruited. The primary outcome was peak cough flow (PCF), which was measured in each patient after a cough that was unassisted, manually assisted following a maximum insufflation capacity (MIC) maneuver, assisted by MI-E, or assisted by manual thrust plus MI-E...
November 2016: Yonsei Medical Journal
Jun Hirai, Takeshi Kinjo, Takaaki Tome, Mao Hagihara, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideta Nakamura, Shusaku Haranaga, Hiroshige Mikamo, Jiro Fujita
Neisseria meningitidis often causes meningitis and meningococcemia; however, meningococcal pneumonia is quite rare. Herein, we report a case of non-invasive meningococcal pneumonia initially misdiagnosed as pneumonia due to Moraxella catarrhalis on the basis of a Gram stain in a 43-year-old woman with asthma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and schizophrenia. She visited our hospital following a 3-day history of fever, productive cough, and shortness of breath. Since her sputum smear revealed Gram-negative diplococcus and the chest radiograph showed infiltration in the lower right lung field, her initial diagnosis was pneumonia caused by M...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Shingo Noguchi, Kazuhiro Yatera, Mitsutaka Jinbo, Sohsuke Yamada, Ikuko Shimabukuro, Kei Yamasaki, Takashi Kido, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Chiharu Yoshii, Hiroshi Mukae
We herein report a case of IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD) associated with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). A 73-year-old Japanese female visited our hospital for an examination following an abnormal chest X-ray in 1999. She was diagnosed with bronchiolitis and AIHA, and treatment with prednisolone was started. After seven years, she visited our department due to a cough. Chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrated focal consolidation with ground-glass attenuations and thickened bronchial walls in the bilateral lungs...
2016: Internal Medicine
Deepa Gopalan, Daniel Blanchard, William R Auger
Pulmonary hypertension is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than 25 mm Hg. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is defined as pulmonary hypertension in the presence of an organized thrombus within the pulmonary vascular bed that persists at least 3 months after the onset of anticoagulant therapy. Because CTEPH is potentially curable by surgical endarterectomy, correct identification of patients with this form of pulmonary hypertension and an accurate assessment of surgical candidacy are essential to provide optimal care...
July 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Anita K Simonds
Prevalence studies have shown heterogeneous use of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in different conditions, but a marked increase in uptake especially in users of non-invasive ventilation (NIV). While there have been randomised controlled trials of NIV in acute exacerbations of COPD, for weaning from invasive ventilation and post-extubation respiratory failure, the evidence base for long term NIV and comparisons with invasive ventilation are less well-developed. The combination of NIV and cough assist devices has reduced the indications for tracheotomy ventilation in some situations eg...
August 25, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Yui Takahashi, Hironori Uruga, Takeshi Fujii, Sayaka Mochizuki, Shigeo Hanada, Hisashi Takaya, Atsushi Miyamoto, Nasa Morokawa, Atsuko Kurosaki, Kazuma Kishi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM), a rare complication of advanced cancer, is histologically characterized by tumor embolisms and fibrocellular intimal proliferation of small pulmonary arteries and arterioles. PTTM usually has an extremely poor prognosis, and antemortem diagnosis is very difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman with a 5-year history of clinical stage IIA (T2N0M0) invasive ductal carcinoma of the left breast was hospitalized for worsening shortness of breath, hemoptysis, and cough since 2 months...
2016: BMC Cancer
Xuefeng Sun, Ruie Feng, Ye Zhang, Juhong Shi, Kai-Feng Xu
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and angiomyolipoma are two different, but related rare diseases. To the best of our knowledge, pulmonary LAM and pulmonary angiomyolipoma have not previously been observed in the same patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old woman presented with a dry cough and left flank pain. She had a right nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma 17 years ago. A magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated a round mass in the left kidney...
2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Jonathan I Silverberg, Keiki Hinami, William E Trick, David Cella
BACKGROUND: Itch is a well-established symptom in cutaneous disease. However, little is known about the burden of itch outside the dermatology setting. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and impact of itch on quality of life (QOL) in the general internal medicine setting. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 2076 adults from an outpatient general internal medicine clinic, using an audio computer-assisted self-administered interview...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Kutsal Turhan, Ali Özdil, Ayşe Gül Ergönül, Deniz Nart, Alpaslan Çakan, Ufuk Çağirici
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the etiology and clinical and pathological behavior of solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTPs), as well as the most appropriate surgical approach and the results of long-term follow-up of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and long-term follow-up records of 14 patients who had surgery for SFTP between 2001 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Etiological factors, diagnostic procedures, and clinical courses and outcomes for these patients were studied...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Juliano Ferreira Arcuri, Ebun Abarshi, Nancy J Preston, Jenny Brine, Valéria Amorim Pires Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Respiratory secretions impact negatively on palliative patients. Unfortunately, a gold standard therapy is not yet available. The purpose of this study was to identify which interventions are in use to control respiratory secretions in patients with chronic disease with a poor prognosis and verify their effects on outcomes relevant for palliative care patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature with narrative summary was conducted. We searched eight electronic databases in April (6th), 2016...
2016: BMC Palliative Care
Xiaofei Shang, Xiao Guo, Bing Li, Hu Pan, Jiyu Zhang, Yu Zhang, Xiaolou Miao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Peganum harmala L. is a perennial herbaceous, glabrous plant that grows in semi-arid conditions, steppe areas and sandy soils. It is used to treat fever, diarrhoea, subcutaneous tumours, arthralgia, rheumatism, cough, amnesia and parasitic diseases in folk medicines. In this paper, we aimed to develop a simpler and faster method for the extraction of three alkaloids from Peganum harmala L. than other conventional methods by optimizing the parameters of a microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method, and to investigate the acaricidal activities of three compounds against Psoroptes cuniculi...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ali Mohamed Yehia, Hebatallah Mohamed Essam
A generally applicable high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the qualitative and quantitative determination of pharmaceutical preparations containing phenylephrine hydrochloride, paracetamol, ephedrine hydrochloride, guaifenesin, doxylamine succinate, and dextromethorphan hydrobromide is developed. Optimization of chromatographic conditions was performed for the gradient elution using different buffer pH values, flow rates and two C18 stationary phases. The method was developed using a Kinetex® C18 column as a core-shell stationary phase with a gradient profile using buffer pH 5...
September 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Maureen A Griffin, Jessie S Sutton, Geraldine B Hunt, Bruno H Pypendop, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of low-pressure carbon dioxide insufflation during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for resection of a noninvasive thymoma in a cat with secondary myasthenia gravis. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMAL: Client-owned cat. METHODS: An 11-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was examined for generalized weakness, voice change, hypersalivation, hyporexia, vomiting, coughing, and gagging...
July 11, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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