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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221298/the-redax%C3%A2-coaxial-drain-in-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-study-of-efficacy
#1
Ottavio Rena, Sara Parini, Esther Papalia, Fabio Massera, Davide Turello, Guido Baietto, Caterina Casadio
Background: Pleural drainage is required after pulmonary lobectomy to evacuate air-leak and fluid. We compared the performance of the new Redax® Coaxial Drain (CD) (Redax, Mirandola, Italy) with a standard chest tube (CT) in terms of fluid and air-leak evacuation. Methods: Fifty-two patients receiving a 24-F CD under water-seal after pulmonary lobectomy through open surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were matched according to demographic, clinical and pathological variables with 104 patients receiving a 24-F CT...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209422/the-potential-of-palliative-care-for-patients-with-respiratory-diseases
#2
Georgia L Narsavage, Yea-Jyh Chen, Bettina Korn, Ronit Elk
Based on the demonstrated effectiveness of palliative care in the alleviation of symptoms and enhancement of life quality, it is important to incorporate palliative care early in the respiratory disease trajectory. Quality palliative care addresses eight domains that are all patient and family centred. Palliative care interventions in respiratory conditions include management of symptoms such as dyspnoea, cough, haemoptysis, sputum production, fatigue and respiratory secretion management, especially as the end-of-life nears...
December 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199768/invasive-versus-non-invasive-ventilation-for-acute-respiratory-failure-in-neuromuscular-disease-and-chest-wall-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Fang Luo, Djillali Annane, David Orlikowski, Li He, Mi Yang, Muke Zhou, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure is a common life-threatening complication of acute onset neuromuscular diseases, and may exacerbate chronic hypoventilation in patients with neuromuscular disease or chest wall disorders. Standard management includes oxygen supplementation, physiotherapy, cough assistance, and, whenever needed, antibiotics and intermittent positive pressure ventilation. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) via nasal, buccal or full-face devices has become routine practice in many centres...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191649/multilevel-thoracic-paravertebral-block-using-ropivacaine-with-without-dexmedetomidine-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#4
Jianghui Xu, Xiaoyu Yang, Xiaobing Hu, Xiaofeng Chen, Jun Zhang, Yingwei Wang
OBJECTIVES: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is reported to have advantages in postoperative pain management in unilateral thoracic surgeries. Previous studies have demonstrated that dexmedetomidine could be used as an adjuvant to local anesthetics, with the aim of prolonging the duration of neural blockade. However, little is known about whether such a combination could improve the quality of postoperative analgesia compared with local anesthetic only when TPVB is used for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189866/-role-of-surgery-in-saprochaete-capitata-s-capitata-sepsis-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#5
Jasna Radich R, Carlos Álvarez Z, Ana Valenzuela R, Felipe Castillo H, Francisco Moraga V, Jorge Castillo A
Saprochaete capitata (S. capitata) fungal sepsis is a severe condition with a clinical presentation that is similar to other yeast originated fungal sepsis. It is observed in patients with hematological malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia and neutropenia. We report a 23 year old male presenting with cough, fever and malaise. A bone marrow biopsy led to the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia. During the first cycle of chemotherapy the patient presented fever: blood cultures were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188054/solitary-pulmonary-capillary-hemangioma-presents-as-ground-glass-opacity-on-computed-tomography-indicating-adenocarcinoma-in-situ-atypical-adenomatous-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#6
Yanmei Zhu, Ning Qu, Lili Sun, Xiao Meng, Xiaoyan Li, Yong Zhang
Solitary pulmonary capillary hemangioma (SPCH) is a rare type of benign lung tumor, which must be distinguished from early lung cancer and precancerous lesions of the lung that manifest in a similar way upon imaging. The current study describes a case of SPCH and a review of the literature is performed. The patient was a 40-year-old Chinese woman who was referred to the Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute (Shenyang, China) in October, 2015 with a cough without obvious inducement. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated pure ground glass opacity (GGO) in the right upper lung...
December 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174288/-update-on-the-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-chronic-neuromuscular-disease
#7
REVIEW
P Priou, W Trzepizur, N Meslier, F Gagnadoux
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular diseases include a wide range of conditions that may involve potentially life-threatening respiratory complications (infection, respiratory failure). SURVEILLANCE AND PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS: For patients with neuromuscular diseases, clinical assessment of respiratory function and regular pulmonary function tests are needed to screen for nocturnal respiratory disorders, weakness of the diaphragm and potential restrictive disorders and/or chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency, possibly with couch deficiency...
November 21, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170364/acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Daniel Arnaud, Zoya Surani, Abhay Vakil, Joseph Varon, Salim Surani
BACKGROUND Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare condition of the lung that is associated with acute lung injury, and has a poor prognosis. AFOP is characterized histologically by intra-alveolar fibrin. AFOP has been described to be associated with lung infections, connective tissue disorders, drugs, toxic environmental exposure, and in lung transplantation. However, most cases of AFOP remain idiopathic, and because the condition can present with a wide variety of clinical manifestations, open lung biopsy or video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) lung biopsy is necessary for the diagnosis...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147594/lactobacillus-gasseri-causing-bilateral-empyema
#9
Angela Esquibel, Ala S Dababneh, Bharath Raj Palraj
Lactobacilli are common commensal bacteria found in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract. Although they are usually thought to be nonpathogenic, there have been several cases that demonstrate severe infections caused by these microorganisms. This is a case of a 49-year-old male with previously undiagnosed type two diabetes mellitus who presented with a 3-month history of cough and was found to have right sided Lactobacillus gasseri empyema for which he underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) with chest tube placement...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128525/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-narrative-review-of-rehabilitation-techniques
#10
REVIEW
J Levy, H Prigent, D Bensmail
BACKGROUND: Respiratory disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) are an important issue. They can occur early during the course of the disease, are associated with the neurological impairment, and can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, which are the main causes of death in advanced MS. Prevailing impaired expiratory muscles and cough abilities has been demonstrated in this population and might constitute a specific target for rehabilitation interventions. However, international guidelines lack recommendations regarding respiratory rehabilitation in MS...
November 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078680/nonintubated-uniportal-vats-pulmonary-anatomical-resections
#11
REVIEW
Carlos Galvez, Jose Navarro-Martinez, Sergio Bolufer, Francisco Lirio, Julio Sesma, Juan Manuel Corcoles
Nonintubated procedures have widely developed during the last years, thus nowadays major anatomical resections are performed in spontaneously breathing patients in some centers. In an attempt for combining less invasive surgical approaches with less aggressive anesthesia, nonintubated uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomies and segmentectomies have been proved feasible and safe, but there are no comparative trials and the evidence is still poor. A program in nonintubated uniportal major surgery should be started in highly experienced units, overcoming first a learning period performing minor procedures and a training program for the management of potential crisis situations when operating on these patients...
2017: Journal of visualized surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068748/recommendation-system-for-immunization-coverage-and-monitoring
#12
Uzair Aslam Bhatti, Mengxing Huang, Hao Wang, Yu Zhang, Anum Mehmood, Wu Di
Immunization averts an expected 2 to 3 million deaths every year from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and measles; however, an additional 1.5 million deaths could be avoided if vaccination coverage was improved worldwide. (1)(1) Data source for immunization records of 1.5 M: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs378/en/ New vaccination technologies provide earlier diagnoses, personalized treatments and a wide range of other benefits for both patients and health care professionals. Childhood diseases that were commonplace less than a generation ago have become rare because of vaccines...
October 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044898/use-of-computed-tomography-and-minimum-intensity-projection-in-the-detection-of-lobar-pneumonia-mimicking-lung-lobe-torsion-in-a-dog
#13
Sang-Kwon Lee, Kyoung-Oh Cho, Mia Madel Alfajaro, Juhwan Lee, Dohyeon Yu, Jihye Choi
A 10-year-old female spayed Dachshund was referred with progressive coughing for 1 month. The dog was tentatively diagnosed with right middle lung torsion based on pleural effusion, vesicular emphysema, abruptly ending bronchus in consolidated right middle lung, and no contrast enhancement of the affected lobe on radiography and computed tomography (CT). There was no evidence of torsion upon thoracotomy, and histological examination confirmed lobar pneumonia. The CT images were reevaluated using minimum intensity projection and revealed normal bronchial courses...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982219/mechanical-ventilation-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease
#14
REVIEW
Aleksandar Radunovic, Djillali Annane, Muhammad K Rafiq, Ruth Brassington, Naveed Mustfa
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neuron disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Neuromuscular respiratory failure is the most common cause of death, which usually occurs within two to five years of the disease onset. Supporting respiratory function with mechanical ventilation may improve survival and quality of life. This is the second update of a review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of mechanical ventilation (tracheostomy-assisted ventilation and non-invasive ventilation (NIV)) on survival, functional measures of disease progression, and quality of life in ALS, and to evaluate adverse events related to the intervention...
October 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977390/high-dose-methylprednisolone-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Lars S Bjerregaard, Per F Jensen, Dennis R Bigler, René Horsleben Petersen, Hasse Møller-Sørensen, Kaj Gefke, Henrik J Hansen, Henrik Kehlet
OBJECTIVES: The optimal postoperative analgesic strategy after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy remains undetermined. We hypothesized that high-dose preoperative methylprednisolone (MP) would improve analgesia compared to placebo. METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients were randomized equally to 125 mg MP or placebo before the start of their elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy. Group allocation was blinded to patients, investigators and caregivers, and all patients received standardized multimodal, opioid-sparing analgesia...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969747/primary-pleural-epitheliod-hemangioendothelioma-with-lung-involvement
#16
Saima Siraj, Saima Akhter, Nadeem Rizvi
The authors report a case of 50-year man who presented with 2-year history of dry cough, right sided chest pain, and shortness of breath. Chest X-ray revealed right-sided pleural effusion and left-sided opacity. Pleuroscopic pleural biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of primary pleural epitheliod hemangioendothelioma (EHE) with peripheral lung parenchymal invasion. Chest drain was inserted; and significant amount of fluid was drained, but lung failed to expand after 72 hours. Patient was planned for video assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) and also discussed with oncology department for chemotherapy; but he refused any further treatment, and left home against medical advice with chest drain in place...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967732/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-under-conscious-sedation-with-meperidine-and-midazolam
#17
Lorenzo Agostini, Nicola Facciolongo, Mirco Lusuardi, Eleonora Casalini, Carla Galeone, Luciano Lasagni, Luigi Zucchi
Endobronchial Ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is usually performed under general anesthesia or deep sedation with drugs such as Propofol that, at least in Italy, can be administered only by an anesthesiologist. Aim of the study was to assess conscious sedation feasibility, safety and tolerability using Meperidine and Midazolam as administered by Pulmonologist and relevant impact on the efficiency of the sampling procedures.All patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA from February 2013 to July 2014 were examined retrospectively...
July 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953671/castleman-disease-associated-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-disease-a-strobe-compliant-retrospective-observational-analysis-of-22-cases-in-a-tertiary-chinese-hospital
#18
Hui Huang, Ruie Feng, Jian Li, Xinyu Song, Shan Li, Kai Xu, Jian Cao, Lu Zhang, Yalan Bi, Zuojun Xu
Intrathoracic involvement is common in Castleman disease (CD), but CD-associated diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) is rare and not well-reported.We conducted a retrospective analysis of 262 CD patients with a definite pathological diagnosis who were hospitalized between 1999 and 2015.Twenty-two CD patients had DPLD based on chest computed tomography (CT) scans. Among them, 9 were male and 13 were female, with a mean age of 45.3 years. Coughing (72.7%), fever (68.2%), and dyspnea (59.1%) were the common clinical manifestations...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952156/positive-expiratory-pressure-therapy-versus-other-airway-clearance-techniques-for-bronchiectasis
#19
REVIEW
Annemarie L Lee, Angela T Burge, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: People with bronchiectasis experience chronic cough and sputum production and require the prescription of airway clearance techniques (ACTs). A common type of ACT prescribed is positive expiratory pressure (PEP) therapy. A previous review has suggested that ACTs including PEP therapy are beneficial compared to no treatment in people with bronchiectasis. However, the efficacy of PEP therapy in a stable clinical state or during an acute exacerbation compared to other ACTs in bronchiectasis is unknown...
September 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932352/novel-technique-of-abdominal-wall-nerve-block-for-laparoscopic-colostomy-rectus-sheath-block-with-transperitoneal-approach
#20
Jun Nagata, Jun Watanabe, Yusuke Sawatsubashi, Masaki Akiyama, Koichi Arase, Noritaka Minagawa, Takayuki Torigoe, Kotaro Hamada, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Keiji Hirata
A 62-year-old man who had acute rectal obstruction due to a large rectal cancer is presented. He underwent emergency laparoscopic colostomy. We used the laparoscopic puncture needle to inject analgesia with the novel transperitoneal approach. In this procedure, both ultrasound and laparoscopic images assisted with the accurate injection of analgesic to the correct layer. The combination of laparoscopic visualization and ultrasound imaging ensured infiltration of analgesic into the correct layer without causing damage to the bowel...
August 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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