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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783582/re-sporadic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-and-stone-disease-a-comprehensive-metabolic-evaluation-before-and-after-parathyroidectomy
#1
Dean G Assimos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780418/biological-and-clinical-effects-of-calciprotein-particles-on-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Kenichi Akiyama, Takaaki Kimura, Kazuhiro Shiizaki
Calciprotein particles (CPPs) are a new biological marker of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CPPs consist of phosphate, calcium, and some proteins, with phosphate being the major contributor to the level and biological activity of CPPs. Recent studies have shown the physiological and pathological significance of CPPs, including contributions to bone and mineral metabolism, and to tissue and organ impairments such as cardiovascular damage and inflammatory responses. These actions are well known as important aspects of CKD-MBD...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777629/mechanisms-of-metformin-action-in-and-out-of-the-gut
#3
EDITORIAL
Takahiro Minamii, Munenobu Nogami, Wataru Ogawa
One hundred years have passed since guanidine, a precursor compound of biguanides and thus of metformin, was found to have a glucose-lowering effect in live animals1 . In this historical study, C. K. Watanabe1 did not set out to identify glucose-lowering agents but rather to understand the mechanism underlying the development of tetany in animals that have undergone parathyroidectomy. Watanabe 1 concluded that guanidine is a pathogenic factor responsible for tetany because its administration in rabbits resulted in "tetany-like" muscle cramps associated with low blood glucose levels...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773914/risk-factors-for-severe-hypocalcemia-after-parathyroidectomy-in-dialysis-patients-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
Xiaoliang Sun, Xiaoqing Zhang, Yao Lu, Ling Zhang, Meng Yang
Severe hypocalcemia (SH) is a common and serious complication in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after parathyroidectomy (PTX). The aim is to explore the risk predictors of SH in post-PTX dialysis ESRD patients with SHPT. 129 consecutive dialysis patients with SHPT underwent PTX were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 22 clinical parameters were included in the study. SH was defined as the minimum values of serum calcium lower than 1.875 mmol/L (7.5 mg/dL) after surgery. Univariate analysis showed that pruritus, lumbar X-ray changes of renal osteodystrophy, pre- and post-operative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), Calcium, alkaline phosphatase, and gland mass were significantly different between SH and non-SH groups...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768384/therapeutic-experience-of-severe-and-recurrent-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-patient-on-hemodialysis-for-18-years-a-case-report
#5
Mingwen Zhu, Zongming Zhang, Fangcai Lin, Jieping Miao, Pei Wang, Chong Zhang, Hongwei Yu, Hai Deng, Zhuo Liu, Limin Liu, Baijiang Wan, Haiyan Yang, Mengmeng Song, Yue Zhao, Nan Jiang, Zichao Zhang, Zhenya Zhang, Lijie Pan
INTRODUCTION: For patients with refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), parathyroidectomy (PTX) has received increasing attention. However, evidence-based medicine shows that there is still controversy regarding surgical methods, efficacy, and safety. We retrospectively analyzed the process of diagnosis and treatment in one patient with severe SHPT and long-term chronic renal failure (CRF), so as to further improve the therapeutic effect. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old female with SHPT and CRF manifested as no urine for 18 years, underwent PTX 4 times since September 2010, with satisfactory final recovery...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767854/emerging-association-between-parathyroid-hormone-and-anemia-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
REVIEW
Motoko Tanaka, Hirotaka Komaba, Masafumi Fukagawa
Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are various causes of renal anemia such as decreased production of erythropoietin, resistance to erythropoietin, shortened survival of red blood cells, and bone marrow fibrosis. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a less recognized, but potentially significant cause of renal anemia in CKD patients. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been regarded as a uremic toxin that has multiple adverse effects, and its elevated levels have been associated with renal anemia in hemodialysis patients...
May 16, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764395/longitudinal-changes-in-bone-and-mineral-metabolism-after-cessation-of-cinacalcet-in-dialysis-patients-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#7
Irene Ruderman, Edward R Smith, Nigel D Toussaint, Tim D Hewitson, Stephen G Holt
BACKGROUND: The calcimimetic agent cinacalcet is effective for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in dialysis patients. Changes to reimbursement of cinacalcet in Australia provided an opportunity to assess effects of medication cessation on biochemical and clinical outcomes in dialysis patients, including changes to novel biomarkers such as calciprotein particles (CPP). CPP are nanoparticles of mineral and protein in the circulation associated with increased vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762046/effects-of-calcimimetics-on-long-term-outcomes-in-dialysis-patients-literature-review-and-bayesian-meta-analysis
#8
Greta Lozano-Ortega, Nathalie Waser, Mark E Bensink, Sarah Goring, Heather Bennett, Geoffrey A Block, Glenn M Chertow, Marie-Louise Trotman, Kerry Cooper, Adrian R Levy, Vasily Belozeroff
AIM: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with clinical outcomes are considered the gold standard for regulatory approval. However, by design they are only able to answer a small number of clinical questions. Other high-quality studies are required for clinical decision-making. The EVOLVE was the largest RCT, evaluating the effects of cinacalcet on clinical outcomes among adult patients receiving maintenance dialysis suffering from secondary hyperparathyroidism. While the EVOLVE trial did not reach its primary end point, imbalance in subjects' age at randomization and discontinuation rates are two of the reasons that the lack of mortality benefit is in question...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757564/-re-operation-treatment-in-uremic-patients-complicated-with-persistent-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-after-parathyroidectomy-with-autotransplantation
#9
Shao Jun Bo, Xian Fa Xu, Chuan Ya Qiu, Tian Tian Wang, Yu Dong Ning, Hong Yue Li
Objective: To analyze the clinical profile and therapeutic effect of re-operation treatment in uremic patients complicated with persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism(SHPT)after parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation. Method: Twelve persistent SHPT patients who were treated with reoperation of paramyroidectomy(PTX)were enrolled in this study during the period from Jan 2014 to Jul 2017 in our hospital.We evaluated the location of the remaining parathyroid glands by ultrasonography,dual-phase 99 Tcm-sestamibi scintigraphy,CT and MR imaging of the neck before the operation...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756350/selective-parathyroid-venous-sampling-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Kareem Ibraheem, Eman A Toraih, Antoine B Haddad, Mahmoud Farag, Gregory W Randolph, Emad Kandil
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy requires accurate preoperative localization techniques. There is considerable controversy about the effectiveness of selective parathyroid venous sampling (sPVS) in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients. The aim of this meta-analysis is to examine the diagnostic accuracy of sPVS as a preoperative localization modality in PHPT. METHODS: Studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of sPVS for PHPT were electronically searched in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751781/full-normalization-of-severe-hypertension-after-parathryoidectomy-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#11
Andreea Corina Sofronie, Isabelle Kooij, Claude Bursot, Giulia Santagati, Jean-Philippe Coindre, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between hyperparathyroidism and hypertension has been described for decades, the role of hyperparathyroidism in hypertension in dialysis is still unclear. Following the case of a severely hypertensive dialysis patient, in which parathyroidectomy (PTX) corrected the metabolic imbalance and normalized blood pressure (BP), we tried to contextualize our observation with a systematic review of the recent literature on the effect of PTX on BP. CASE PRESENTATION: A dialysis patient, aged 19 years at the time of this report, with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from childhood; he was an early-preterm baby with very low birth weight (910 g), and is affected by a so-far unidentified familial nephropathy...
May 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737315/applicability-of-transoral-endoscopic-parathyroidectomy-through-vestibular-route-for-primary-sporadic-hyperparathyroidism-a-south-indian-experience
#12
P R K Bhargav, M Sabaretnam, V Amar, N Vimala Devi
Introduction: Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders requiring surgical parathyroidectomy for its definitive treatment. Surgical exploration is traditionally performed through conventional open neck approach. A wide range of minimal access and minimally invasive endoscopic techniques (gas less and with gas) have been attempted in the past two decades. In this context, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of an innovative transoral endoscopic parathyroidectomy (EP) technique, which represents a paradigm shift in transluminal endocrine surgery...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736849/diagnostic-accuracy-of-3t-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-preoperative-localisation-of-parathyroid-adenomas-comparison-with-ultrasound-and-99mtc-sestamibi-scans
#13
Renato Argirò, Daniele Diacinti, Beatrice Sacconi, Angelo Iannarelli, Davide Diacinti, Cristiana Cipriani, Daniela Pisani, Elisabetta Romagnoli, Marco Biffoni, Cira Di Gioia, Jessica Pepe, Mario Bezzi, Claudio Letizia, Salvatore Minisola, Carlo Catalano
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 3TMRI in comparison with ultrasound (US) and 99mTc-sestamibi scan for presurgical localisation of parathyroid adenomas (PTAs) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: Fifty-seven patients affected by PHPT were prospectively enrolled and underwent US, 99mTc-sestamibi and 3TMRI. T2-weighted and post-contrast T1-weighted Iterative decomposition of water and fat with Echo Asymmetry and Least squares estimation (IDEAL) sequences were acquired...
May 7, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735505/osteitis-fibrosa-cystica-masquerading-as-bone-neoplasm
#14
Vishnu Vardhan Garla, Israh Akhtar, Sohail Salim, Angela Subauste
A 50-year-old female patient with no significant medical history presented with left knee pain. Radiographs of the knee showed a circumferential swelling of the distal femur suggestive of neoplasia. Further evaluation revealed multiple lesions in the left iliac bone and proximal femur. Biopsy was suggestive of a reparative granuloma or an aneurysmal bone cyst. Laboratory assessment showed hypercalcaemia and elevated parathyroid hormone consistent with severe primary hyperparathyroidism. Osseous survey was significant for salt and pepper appearance of the skull...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732354/the-prevalence-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-korea-a-population-based-analysis-from-patient-medical-records
#15
Jong-Kyu Kim, Young Jun Chai, Jung Kee Chung, Ki-Tae Hwang, Seung Chul Heo, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Ka Hee Yi, Sang Wan Kim, Sung Yong Cho, Kyu Eun Lee
Purpose: Because primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is difficult to recognize, it has a high likelihood of being underdiagnosed. In this study, we estimated the incidence of PHPT and evaluated PHPT diagnosis in Korea. Methods: To calculate the prevalence of PHPT, we examined the medical records of patients that were hospitalized for urolithiasis between 2013 and 2016 at a single institute, and then identified those who were diagnosed with PHPT from the same group...
May 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727008/pro-fhh-a-risk-equation-to-facilitate-the-diagnosis-of-parathyroid-related-hypercalcemia
#16
Jean-Philippe Bertocchio, Muriel Tafflet, Eugénie Koumakis, Gérard Maruani, Rosa Vargas-Poussou, Caroline Silve, Peter H Nissen, Stéphanie Baron, Caroline Prot-Bertoye, Marie Courbebaisse, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Lars Rejnmark, Catherine Cormier, Pascal Houillier
Context: Parathyroid-related hypercalcemia is due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) or to familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH). PHPT can lead to complications that necessitate parathyroidectomy. FHH is a rare genetic disease resembling PHPT; surgery is ineffective. A reliable method for distinguishing FHH from PHPT is needed. Objective: To develop an easy-to-use tool to predict if a patient has PHPT. Design: Retrospective analysis of two prospective cohorts...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701413/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis-and-kidney-graft
#17
Mafalda Correia, André Marinho, Carolina Mendes, Luís Antunes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: True brachial artery aneurysms are rare and some of them have been described as a late complication in patients with vascular access for haemodialysis and kidney graft. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical case of a patient with a true brachial artery aneurysm and its following treatment. METHODS: This case concerns a caucasian male patient with 43 years old who had vesicoureteral reflux at 7 years old, and subsequent end-stage renal disease, and started on haemodialysis at the age of twelve...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699804/preoperative-localization-modalities-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-correlation-with-postoperative-cure
#18
Abbas Al-Kurd, Barak Levit, May Assaly, Ido Mizrahi, Haggi Mazeh, Michal Mekel
BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative localization is critical to the success of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. This investigation aimed to assess the correlation among preoperative imaging results, intraoperative findings, and postoperative cure rates in patients undergoing operation for primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent operation for primary hyperparathyroidism between June 2010 and March 2016 was performed...
April 23, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696330/patient-frailty-should-be-used-to-individualize-treatment-decisions-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#19
Carolyn D Seib, Kathryn Chomsky-Higgins, Jessica E Gosnell, Wen T Shen, Insoo Suh, Quan-Yang Duh, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrine disorder that predominantly affects patients >60 and is increasing in prevalence. Identifying risk factors for poor outcomes after parathyroidectomy in older adults will help tailor operative decision making. The impact of frailty on surgical outcomes in parathyroidectomy has not been established. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients ≥40 years who underwent parathyroidectomy in the 2005-2010 ACS NSQIP...
April 25, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691773/etelcalcetide-for-treating-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-an-evidence-review-group-evaluation-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#20
Micah Rose, Jonathan Shepherd, Petra Harris, Karen Pickett, Joanne Lord
The manufacturer of the calcimimetic drug etelcalcetide was invited to make an evidence submission as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Single Technology Appraisal (STA) programme. Within this submission, they reported evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of etelcalcetide for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis. The Southampton Health Technology Assessments Centre (SHTAC), part of the Wessex Institute at the University of Southampton, was the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG) commissioned to appraise the company's submission...
April 25, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
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