keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Socioeconomic status

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101832/serum-uric-acid-levels-contribute-to-new-renal-damage-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#1
C Reátegui-Sokolova, Manuel F Ugarte-Gil, Rocío V Gamboa-Cárdenas, Francisco Zevallos, Jorge M Cucho-Venegas, José L Alfaro-Lozano, Mariela Medina, Zoila Rodriguez-Bellido, Cesar A Pastor-Asurza, Graciela S Alarcón, Risto A Perich-Campos
This study aims to determine whether uric acid levels contribute to new renal damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. This prospective study was conducted in consecutive patients seen since 2012. Patients had a baseline visit and follow-up visits every 6 months. Patients with ≥2 visits were included; those with end-stage renal disease (regardless of dialysis or transplantation) were excluded. Renal damage was ascertained using the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI). Univariable and multivariable Cox-regression models were performed to determine the risk of new renal damage...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101772/zinc-deficiency-in-the-pediatric-age-group-is-common-but-underevaluated
#2
Dogus Vuralli, Leyla Tumer, Alev Hasanoglu
BACKGROUND: Subclinical micronutrient deficiencies have been gradually becoming more important as a public health problem and drawing attention of the health authorities. Today it has been known that detecting and treating people having deficiency symptoms alone is no longer sufficient. It is important to detect and prevent any deficiency before it displays clinical manifestations. Zinc deficiency is one of the most widespread micronutrient deficiencies. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the zinc status and the associated factors in healthy school-age children...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101729/air-pollution-and-successful-aging-recent-evidence-and-new-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Gali Cohen, Yariv Gerber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Worldwide demographic changes occurring in a relatively short period have led to a growing interest in the determinants of aging "successfully" and how to promote a healthier old age. As environmental exposures such as ambient air pollution are believed to play a role in the process of aging, they might represent one of the pathways turning potential successful agers to unsuccessful agers. We aimed to critically review the current epidemiological evidence of the associations between chronic exposure to ambient air pollution and several key determinants of unsuccessful aging and to identify specific populations of unsuccessful agers that are potentially more vulnerable to air pollution's health effects...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101444/accelerometer-data-treatment-for-adolescents-fitting-a-piece-of-the-puzzle
#4
Melody Smith, Steve Taylor, Leon Iusitini, Tom Stewart, Fa'asisila Savila, El-Shadan Tautolo, Lindsay Plank, Shabnam Jalili-Moghaddam, Janis Paterson, Elaine Rush
This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry) and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status) between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day); B) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C) > = 7 h/day, > = 3 days; D) > = 10 h/day, > = 1 day...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100563/effect-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-remoteness-and-indigenous-status-on-hospital-usage-for-western-australian-preterm-infants-under-12%C3%A2-months-of-age-a-population-based-data-linkage-study
#5
Natalie A Strobel, Sue Peter, Kimberley E McAuley, Daniel R McAullay, Rhonda Marriott, Karen M Edmond
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to determine the incidence of hospital admission and emergency department presentation in Indigenous and non-Indigenous preterm infants aged postdischarge from birth admission to 11 months in Western Australia. Secondary objectives were to assess incidence in the poorest infants from remote areas and to determine the primary causes of hospital usage in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective population-based linked data set. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All preterm babies born in Western Australia during 2010 and 2011...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100382/-epidemiological-pattern-of-abnormal-urinary-fluoride-rates-in-population-with-occupational-fluoride-exposure-in-shanghai
#6
M H Gu, J Su, C H Liu, Y Q Zhu, H Shen, Y H Huang, L Zhong, M H Zhang, Y H Li
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological features of abnormal urinary fluoride rates in population with occupational exposure, and its relationships with age, work years and gender in Shanghai. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted respectively in 4 999 exposed workers and 283 non-exposed people during 2012-2015. Their urine samples were collected in plastic bottles and the fluoride ion selective electrode method was used for urinary fluoride level analysis. Logistic regression model was used to estimate associations between the abnormal rates and demographic/socioeconomic status of the study subjects...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100232/equitable-health-services-for-the-young-a-decomposition-of-income-related-inequalities-in-young-adults-utilization-of-health-care-in-northern-sweden
#7
Paola A Mosquera, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea, Per E Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Despite the goal of the Swedish health system to offer health care according to the principle of horizontal equity, little is known about the equality in access to health care use among young people. To explore this issue, the present study aimed i) to assess horizontal inequity in health care utilization among young people in Northern Sweden; and ii) to explore the contribution of different factors to explain the observed inequalities. METHODS: Participants (N = 3016 youths aged 16-25 years) came from the "Health on Equal terms" survey conducted in 2014 in the four northernmost counties in Sweden...
January 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100112/abortion-attitudes-among-south-africans-findings-from-the-2013-social-attitudes-survey
#8
Elizabeth A Mosley, Elizabeth J King, Amy J Schulz, Lisa H Harris, Nicole De Wet, Barbara A Anderson
Abortion is legal in South Africa, but over half of abortions remain unsafe there. Evidence suggests women who are (Black) African, of lower socioeconomic status, living with HIV, or residents of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, or Limpopo provinces are disproportionately vulnerable to morbidity or mortality from unsafe abortion. Negative attitudes toward abortion have been documented in purposively sampled studies, yet it remains unclear what attitudes exist nationally or whether they differ across sociodemographic groups, with implications for inequities in service accessibility and health...
January 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#9
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099662/effects-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-on-blood-pressure-in-older-adults
#10
Katia Jakovljevic Pudla Wagner, Antonio Fernando Boing, S V Subramanian, Doroteia Aparecida Höfelmann, Eleonora D'Orsi
OBJECTIVE: To test if the neighborhood socioeconomic status is associated with systolic blood pressure and hypertension in older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study with a sample of 1,705 older adults from Florianópolis, SC, Southern Brazil. The contextual variable used was the average years of schooling of the head of the household in census tracts. Participants were considered hypertensive when the systolic blood pressure was ≥ 140 mmHg, diastolic ≥ 90 mmHg, or both...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099465/impact-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-inequalities-in-india-a-qualitative-study-in-haryana
#11
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
A multi-strategy community intervention, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012. By improving the availability of and access to better-quality healthcare, the aim was to reduce maternal and child health (MCH) inequalities. This study was planned to explore the perceptions and beliefs of stakeholders about extent of implementation and effectiveness of NRHM's health sector plans in improving MCH status and reducing inequalities. A total of 33 in-depth interviews (n = 33) with program managers, community representatives, mothers and 8 focus group discussions (n = 42) with health service providers were conducted from September to December 2013, in Haryana, post NRHM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099290/increased-perinatal-morbidity-and-mortality-among-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-women-in-the-united-states
#12
Maryam Siddiqui, Mohammed Minhaj, Ariel Mueller, Avery Tung, Barbara Scavone, Sarosh Rana, Sajid Shahul
BACKGROUND: Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) are the fastest-growing racial group in the United States. Despite a higher socioeconomic status, AAPI women experience higher rates of maternal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample, we performed a retrospective cohort analysis of women who were hospitalized for delivery from 2002 to 2013. The primary outcome variable was inpatient mortality rate, and the presence of severe maternal morbidities was estimated using the Bateman Comorbidity Index, a validated tool for predicting obstetric morbidity...
January 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098482/decomposing-the-causes-of-the-socioeconomic-status-health-gradient-with-biometrical-modeling
#13
S Mason Garrison, Joseph Lee Rodgers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098080/access-to-healthcare-among-the-empowered-action-group-eag-states-of-india-current-status-and-impeding-factors
#14
Virendra Kumar, Pushpendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Access to healthcare is crucial for meeting the health needs of Indians. We explored factors impeding access to public sources of healthcare among the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states of India. We also examined the extent to which Indians depend on public and private sources of healthcare in the EAG states. METHODS: Our study is based on the unit-level records of 9988 ailing persons, who were surveyed among the EAG states in the 71st round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), conducted during January-June 2014 on the theme 'Social consumption: Health'...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097175/socioeconomic-status-and-satisfaction-with-public-healthcare-system-in-iran
#15
Najmeh Maharlouei, Mojtaba Akbari, Maryam Akbari, Kamran B Lankarani
BACKGROUND: The users' satisfaction is a method for evaluating the efficacy of healthcare system. We aimed to evaluate the association between the users' socioeconomic status (SES) and satisfaction with the healthcare system in Shiraz, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from December, 2013 to March, 2014, in Shiraz, Iran. 3400 households were recruited by multi-stage cluster random sampling. Information about demographic, insurance status, and users' satisfaction was derived from face-to-face interviews...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096858/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-jiroft-kerman-province-iran
#16
Maryam Barkhori Mahni, Mostafa Rezaeian, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Ahmad Raeisi, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Fatemeh Tarighi, Bahare Kamranrashani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections have a worldwide distribution. High prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in individuals with low socioeconomic status and environmental conditions was found. No study has ever been conducted on the prevalence of these infections in Jiroft. Therefore, in this study prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was evaluated in Jiroft, Kerman Province, Iran. METHODS: A total of 1060 individuals from rural and urban areas of Jiroft were sampled accidentally, during 2013-2014...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#17
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096145/association-of-household-wealth-index-educational-status-and-social-capital-with-hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-south-asia
#18
Rajeev Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, Shofiqul Islam, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Vellappillil Raman Kutty, Romaina Iqbal, Omar Rahman, Mohan Deepa, Justy Antony, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Khawar Kazmi, Rita Yusuf, Indu Mohan, Raja Babu Panwar, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35-70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003-2009...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095815/assessment-of-the-ecological-bias-of-seven-aggregate-social-deprivation-indices
#19
Josephine Bryere, Carole Pornet, Nane Copin, Ludivine Launay, Gaëlle Gusto, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Thierry Lang, Olivier Lantieri, Olivier Dejardin, Guy Launoy
BACKGROUND: In aggregate studies, ecological indices are used to study the influence of socioeconomic status on health. Their main limitation is ecological bias. This study assesses the misclassification of individual socioeconomic status in seven ecological indices. METHODS: Individual socioeconomic data for a random sample of 10,000 persons came from periodic health examinations conducted in 2006 in 11 French departments. Geographical data came from the 2007 census at the lowest geographical level available in France...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095446/neglected-intestinal-parasites-malnutrition-and-associated-key-factors-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-indigenous-communities-in-sarawak-malaysia
#20
Yamuna Rajoo, Stephen Ambu, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Komalaveni Rajoo, Siew Chang Tey, Chan Woon Lu, Romano Ngui
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) have been recognized as one of the most significant causes of illness among disadvantaged communities. Many studies have been conducted on the prevalence of IPIs in Malaysia. However, these studies mostly focused on the indigenous groups in Peninsular Malaysia. The present study was conducted to provide the current baseline data on prevalence of IPIs, anaemia, malnutrition and associated risk factors among the indigenous communities in Sarawak, situation at northwest Borneo island of Malaysia...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
26875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"