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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149583/why-traditional-metrics-may-not-adequately-represent-ethnic-minority-psychology
#1
Moin Syed
The first Perspectives on Psychological Science symposium on eminence in psychology focused almost exclusively on "traditional" markers of success (e.g., citation counts, awards, grants). In this essay, I argue that the context of the research and the context of the researchers are crucial components of ethnic minority psychology. First, I describe structural reasons for why ethnic minority researchers might have less impressive traditional markers of success; then, I highlight how the "minority tax" contours the scholarly activities of ethnic minority researchers...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#2
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145745/recruitment-of-underrepresented-minority-researchers-into-hiv-prevention-research-the-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-scholars-program
#3
Sten H Vermund, Erica L Hamilton, Sam Griffith, Larissa Jennings, Typhanye V Dyer, Kenneth H Mayer, Darrell P Wheeler
Most US investigators in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) have been of majority race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. Research participants, in contrast, have been disproportionately from racial/ethnic minorities and men who have sex with men (MSM), reflecting the US epidemic. We initiated and subsequently evaluated the HPTN Scholars Program that mentors early career investigators from underrepresented minority groups. Scholars were affiliated with the HPTN for 12-18 months, mentored by a senior researcher to analyze HPTN study data...
November 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145359/racial-ethnic-health-disparities-among-rural-adults-united-states-2012-2015
#4
Cara V James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M Wilson-Frederick, Jeffrey E Hall, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Karen Bouye
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Rural communities often have worse health outcomes, have less access to care, and are less diverse than urban communities. Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. REPORTING PERIOD: 2012-2015...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142907/social-effects-of-health-care-reform-medicaid-expansion-under-the-affordable-care-act-and-changes-in-volunteering
#5
Heeju Sohn, Stefan Timmermans
Do public health policy interventions result in pro-social behaviors? The Affordable Care Act (ACA)'s Medicaid expansions were responsible for the largest gains in public insurance coverage since its inception in 1965. These gains were concentrated in states that opted to expand Medicaid eligibility and provide a unique opportunity to study not just medical but also social consequences of increased public health coverage. This article examines the association between Medicaid and volunteer work. Volunteerism is implicated in individuals' health and well-being yet it is highly correlated with a person's existing socioeconomic resources...
January 2017: Socius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141639/tobacco-use-and-health-insurance-literacy-among-vulnerable-populations-implications-for-health-reform
#6
Robert T Braun, Yaniv Hanoch, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), millions of Americans have been enrolling in the health insurance marketplaces. Nearly 20% of them are tobacco users. As part of the ACA, tobacco users may face up to 50% higher premiums that are not eligible for tax credits. Tobacco users, along with the uninsured and racial/ethnic minorities targeted by ACA coverage expansions, are among those most likely to suffer from low health literacy - a key ingredient in the ability to understand, compare, choose, and use coverage, referred to as health insurance literacy...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138590/the-prevalence-of-probable-neuropathic-pain-in-the-us-results-from-a-multimodal-general-population-health-survey
#7
Marco D DiBonaventura, Alesia Sadosky, Kristen Concialdi, Markay Hopps, Ian Kudel, Bruce Parsons, Joseph C Cappelleri, Patrick Hlavacek, Andrea H Alexander, Brett R Stacey, John D Markman, John T Farrar
Background: The prevalence of neuropathic pain (NeP) has been estimated within specific health conditions; however, there are no published data on its broad prevalence in the US. The current exploratory study addresses this gap using the validated PainDetect questionnaire as a screener for probable NeP in a general-population health survey conducted with a multimodal recruitment strategy to maximize demographic representativeness. Materials and methods: Adult respondents were recruited from a combination of Internet panels, telephone lists, address lists, mall-based interviews, and store-receipt invitations using a random stratified-sampling framework, with strata defined by age, sex, and race/ethnicity...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137376/impact-of-vegfa-polymorphisms-on-glioma-risk-in-chinese
#8
Peng Zhao, Anjing Chen, Qichao Qi, Wenjing Zhou, Zichao Feng, Jiwei Wang, Ning Yang, Xingang Li, Jian Wang, Qibing Huang, Bin Huang
Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) gene have been previously reported to be associated with glioma susceptibility, but individual studies have demonstrated inconclusive results. In the current study, a meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of the involvement of VEGFA polymorphisms in glioma development. A comprehensive literature search conducted in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and OVID databases through February 25, 2017 yielded 4 eligible studies consisting of 2,275 cases and 2,475 controls...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135791/an-ecological-approach-to-understanding-preventive-service-utilization-among-the-underserved
#9
Bettie Coplan
Preventive services have the potential to reduce health disparities; however, these services are underutilized, particularly among the underserved. Patients with low socioeconomic status and racial and ethnic minorities experience significant health disparities related to cancer and infectious and chronic diseases but face multilevel challenges accessing preventive care. The purpose of this article is to enhance understanding of preventive service utilization among underserved patients by providing an ecological framework that addresses factors at multiple levels that influence patient care...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133383/structured-education-programme-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Hamidreza Mani, Yogini Chudasama, Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Daniel H Bodicoat, Charlotte Edwardson, Miles Levy, Laura J Gray, Janette Barnett, Heather Daly, Trevor A Howlett, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a structured education programmes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Single centre, randomised controlled trial, testing a single exposure to a group-based, face-to-face, structured education programme. Inclusion criteria were women with PCOS, aged 18-49 years inclusive and Body Mass Index ≥ 23 kg/m2 for Black and Minority Ethnicities or ≥ 25 kg/m2 for White Europeans. Primary outcome was step count/day at 12 months...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#11
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131424/influences-of-age-ethnic-group-and-skin-sites-on-a-provisory-skin-marking-experimentally-induced-in-vivo
#12
F Flament, R Bazin
BACKGROUND: To study capacity of skin to being imprinted by a marking head rapidly applied (10 seconds) onto the skin under a standardized pressure (15 kPa). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Referential photographs of skin markings, resulting from different times of application serve at grading the extent of skin imprints. The imprinting tool, equipped with 5 linear bulbs of different sizes but same thickness (1 mm), was applied onto the cheeks of 641 women of different ages (18-80 years) of 3 different ethnic groups...
November 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131013/a-new-baltic-population-specific-human-genetic-marker-in-the-pmca4-gene
#13
Janis Stavusis, Inna Inashkina, Baiba Lace, Dita Pelnena, Svetlana Limborska, Andrey Khrunin, Vaidutis Kucinskas, Astrida Krumina, Linda Piekuse, Branko Zorn, Violeta Fodina, Margus Punab, Juris Erenpreiss
OBJECTIVES: The PMCA gene family consists of 4 genes and at least 21 splice variants; among these, the Ca2+ ATPase 4 (PMCA4) gene encodes a plasma membrane protein abundantly expressed in several tissues, including the kidney, heart, and sperm. Knockout of PMCA4 causes infertility due to immotile sperm in mouse models. We therefore investigated variants in this gene for potential association with infertility in groups of Estonian (n = 191) and Latvian (n = 92) men with reduced sperm motility...
November 2, 2017: Human Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127935/determinants-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-among-urban-minority-infants-born-between-1998-and-2006
#14
Whitney J Cowell, Andreas Sjödin, Richard Jones, Ya Wang, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are environmentally persistent chemicals that structurally resemble legacy pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). PBDEs were added to consumer products for over 30 years, before being phased out due to evidence of toxicity. We examined temporal changes in prenatal exposure to PBDEs, as well as other sources of variation. We measured PBDEs in umbilical cord plasma from 327 minority infants born in New York City between 1998 and 2006. We used linear regression to examine changes in concentrations over time and in relation to lifestyle characteristics collected during pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125435/health-literacy-among-medically-underserved-the-role-of-demographic-factors-social-influence-and-religious-beliefs
#15
Shannon M Christy, Clement K Gwede, Steven K Sutton, Enmanuel Chavarria, Stacy N Davis, Rania Abdulla, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade
The current study examined the sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that predicted being at risk for low health literacy among a population of racially and ethnically diverse patients accessing primary care services at community-based clinics. Participants (N = 416) were aged 50-75 years, currently not up-to-date with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at average CRC risk, and enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at promoting CRC screening. Participants completed a baseline interview that assessed health literacy as measured by Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Revised, sociodemographic factors, and psychosocial variables (e...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124965/perceived-inequalities-in-care-and-support-for-older-women-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds-in-wales-findings-from-a-survey-exploring-dignity-from-service-providers-perspectives
#16
Juping Yu, Roiyah Saltus, Paul Jarvis
OBJECTIVE: As part of a large mixed-method study aimed at capturing understandings of dignity, and care expectations of community dwelling older women from Black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds living in Wales, the aim of this paper is to compare service providers' perceptions of their care and support provided to older people in general, and to older women from BME backgrounds in particular, with a focus on two dignity indicators: care and support needs, and effective communication...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124502/facilitators-and-barriers-for-advance-care-planning-among-ethnic-and-racial-minorities-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#17
Michin Hong, Eun-Hye Yi, Kimberly J Johnson, Margaret E Adamek
Growing evidence suggests a low engagement in advance care planning (ACP) among ethnic minorities in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to synthesize findings from prior research about ACP among ethnic minorities. An extensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases. After applying inclusion criteria, 26 studies were included. Four categories of facilitators and barriers to ACP were identified: (1) Socio-demographic factors, (2) health status, literacy and experiences, (3) cultural values, and (4) spirituality...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124497/parent-child-endorsement-discrepancies-among-youth-at-chronic-risk-for-depression
#18
Bridget A Makol, Antonio J Polo
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among U.S. adolescents, particularly among Latinos. Parent-child ratings of the presence and severity of child depressive symptoms show only low-to-moderate agreement. However, research has failed to examine discrepancies in populations with the highest levels of unmet need and little is known about patterns and predictors of parent-child agreement in ratings of depressive symptoms among ethnic minority families in community settings. Using a sample of 184 low-income, predominantly Latino, 5th through 7th grade students (63...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122272/enhancing-yoga-participation-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-yoga-among-predominantly-racial-ethnic-minority-low-income-adults
#19
Christine E Spadola, Rebecca Rottapel, Neha Khandpur, Emily Kontos, Suzanne M Bertisch, Dayna A Johnson, Mirja Quante, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Robert B Saper, Susan Redline
Yoga is underutilized among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. To enhance participation among these demographic groups and to inform a future clinical trial, we conducted a qualitative formative investigation, informed by the Social Contextual Model of health behavior change, to identify barriers and facilitators to yoga that could impact study participation. We recruited twenty-four racially/ethnically diverse adults, with and without prior yoga experience, from a low-income, urban housing community to participate in either an individual interview or focus group...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122231/suicide-in-the-indigenous-population-of-latin-america-a-systematic-review
#20
Andres J Azuero, Dan Arreaza-Kaufman, Jeanette Coriat, Stefano Tassinari, Annette Faria, Camilo Castañeda-Cardona, Diego Rosselli
OBJECTIVE: Due to the high rates of suicide reported among many ethnic minorities, a systematic review is presented on suicide in indigenous populations of Latin America. METHODS: Systematic review in PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, Scielo and Scholar Google. RESULTS: From an initial total of 1862 articles, 41 were included for data extraction. They include 21 from Brazil, 13 from Colombia, 2 from Chile, 1 from Peru, and 4 articles grouped from different countries...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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