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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918199/psychosocial-barriers-to-healthcare-use-among-individuals-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Paduch, Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sigrid Droste, Adrian Loerbroks, Monica Sørensen, Marina Maggini, Andrea Icks
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review regarding psychosocial barriers to healthcare use in individuals with diabetes mellitus, using a well-established model of health-service use as a theoretical framework. METHODS: We used database-specific controlled vocabularies and additional free text terms, and conducted searches via MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, OVID Journals. Included studies were rated according to the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria...
September 13, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#2
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916551/genetic-determinants-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-in-african-americans
#3
Youfang Liu, Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Rebecca D Jackson, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of knee osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is complex and may differ by race or ethnicity. In recent years, genetic studies have identified many genetic variants associated with OA, but nearly all the studies were conducted in European whites and Asian Americans. Few studies have focused on the genetics of knee OA in African Americans. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of radiographic knee OA in 1217 African Americans from 2 North American cohort studies: 590 subjects from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and 627 subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#4
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912652/objectively-measured-physical-activity-levels-among-ethnic-minority-children-attending-school-based-afterschool-programs-in-a-high-poverty-neighborhood
#5
Youngdeok Kim, Marc Lochbaum
Ethnic minority children living in high poverty neighborhoods are at high risk of having insufficient physical activity (PA) during school days and, thus, the importance of school as a place to facilitate PA in these underserved children has been largely emphasized. This study examined the levels and patterns of PA in minority children, with particular focus on the relative contributions of regular physical education (PE) and school-based afterschool PA program in promoting moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) during school days...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912560/the-srgap2-snps-their-haplotypes-and-g%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-e-interactions-on-serum-lipid-traits
#6
Liu Miao, Rui-Xing Yin, Jin-Zhen Wu, Shuo Yang, Wei-Xiong Lin, Shang-Ling Pan
Maonan nationality is a relatively conservative and isolated minority in China. Little is known about the association of the Slit-Robo Rho GTPase activating protein 2 gene (SRGAP2) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid levels in the Chinese populations. This study was performed to clarify the association of the SRGAP2 rs2483058 and rs2580520 SNPs and their haplotypes with serum lipid traits in the Maonan and Han populations. Genotyping of the 2 SNPs was performed in 2444 unrelated subjects (Han, 1210 and Maonan, 1234) by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911983/does-the-association-between-early-life-growth-and-later-obesity-differ-by-race-ethnicity-or-socioeconomic-status-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sarah B Andrea, Elizabeth R Hooker, Lynne C Messer, Thomas Tandy, Janne Boone-Heinonen
PURPOSE: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations. METHODS: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911961/sociocultural-considerations-in-juvenile-arthritis-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown, Stefano Tiziani, Ruy Carrasco
PROBLEM: Juvenile Arthritis (JA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases in children. A variety of sociocultural factors that influence health outcomes in children with JA have been examined in previous research. However, clinical guidelines to guide the care of these children lack support because this research has not been systematically examined and synthesized. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary research articles from five internet databases were included if they were peer-reviewed articles in English of studies conducted in the U...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910704/class-advantages-and-disadvantages-are-not-so-black-and-white-intersectionality-impacts-rank-and-selves
#9
REVIEW
Tiffany N Brannon, Gerald D Higginbotham, Kyshia Henderson
At the intersection of race and class the consequences of being working-class or middle-class are not so Black and White. Rather, established and emerging research suggests that race/ethnicity and social class intersect to differentially afford benefits and burdens. For instance, racial/ethnic minorities often do not reap the social, psychological or economic benefits of higher social class; yet, in some key life domains (e.g. health and mortality) racial/ethnic minorities in the U.S. seem to be buffered from some burdens of lower social class...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906415/teaching-culturally-competent-veteran-nursing-care-in-prelicensure-programs
#10
Cynthia L Kautzmann, Rachelle J Lancaster
With the publication of Healthy People 2020, health disparities have been redefined to expand concepts beyond traditional racial and ethnic minorities and include a broader range of populations. Veterans, with their unique experiences and values, comprise a distinct culture with health risks and potential disparities. Although accrediting agencies require programs of nursing to teach culturally competent care, it is unknown whether nurse faculty recognize veterans as having a culture distinct from the rest of the population...
September 12, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906287/racial-disparities-in-sepsis-related-in-hospital-mortality-using-a-broad-case-capture-method-and-multivariate-controls-for-clinical-and-hospital-variables-2004-2013
#11
Jenna M Jones, Kathryn R Fingar, Melissa A Miller, Rosanna Coffey, Marguerite Barrett, Thomas Flottemesch, Kevin C Heslin, Darryl T Gray, Ernest Moy
OBJECTIVES: As sepsis hospitalizations have increased, in-hospital sepsis deaths have declined. However, reported rates may remain higher among racial/ethnic minorities. Most previous studies have adjusted primarily for age and sex. The effect of other patient and hospital characteristics on disparities in sepsis mortality is not yet well-known. Furthermore, coding practices in claims data may influence findings. The objective of this study was to use a broad method of capturing sepsis cases to estimate 2004-2013 trends in risk-adjusted in-hospital sepsis mortality rates by race/ethnicity to inform efforts to reduce disparities in sepsis deaths...
September 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905305/a-systematic-review-of-promising-strategies-of-faith-based-cancer-education-and-lifestyle-interventions-among-racial-ethnic-minority-groups
#12
REVIEW
Su-I Hou, Xian Cao
Church-based interventions have been used to reach racial/ethnic minorities. In order to develop effective programs, we conducted a comprehensive systematic review of faith-based cancer prevention studies (2005~2016) to examine characteristics and promising strategies. Combination terms "church or faith-based or religion," "intervention or program," and "cancer education or lifestyle" were used in searching the five major databases: CINAHL; ERIC; Health Technology Assessments; MEDLINE; and PsycInfo. A total of 20 studies met study criteria...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905204/racial-vs-self-affirmation-as-a-protective-mechanism-against-the-effects-of-racial-exclusion-on-negative-affect-and-substance-use-vulnerability-among-black-young-adults
#13
Michelle L Stock, Frederick X Gibbons, Janine B Beekman, Kipling D Williams, Laura S Richman, Meg Gerrard
Affirming one's racial identity may help protect against the harmful effects of racial exclusion on substance use cognitions. This study examined whether racial versus self-affirmation (vs. no affirmation) buffers against the effects of racial exclusion on substance use willingness and substance use word associations in Black young adults. It also examined anger as a potential mediator of these effects. After being included, or racially excluded by White peers, participants were assigned to a writing task: self-affirmation, racial-affirmation, or describing their sleep routine (neutral)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905046/residents-attitude-knowledge-and-perceived-preparedness-toward-caring-for-patients-from-diverse-sociocultural-backgrounds
#14
Jessie Kimbrough Marshall, Lisa A Cooper, Alexander R Green, Amanda Bertram, Letitia Wright, Niki Matusko, Wayne McCullough, Stephen D Sisson
Purpose: Training residents to deliver care to increasingly diverse patients in the United States is an important strategy to help alleviate racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes. Cross-cultural care training of residents continues to present challenges. This study sought to explore the associations among residents' cross-cultural attitudes, preparedness, and knowledge about disparities to better elucidate possible training needs. Methods: This cross-sectional study used web-based questionnaires from 2013 to 2014...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903696/permeability-of-group-boundaries-development-of-the-concept-and-a-scale
#15
Bibiana M Armenta, Katherine Stroebe, Susanne Scheibe, Nico W Van Yperen, Alwin Stegeman, Tom Postmes
The perceived possibility of movement between groups, referred to as permeability of group boundaries, is considered a key factor in explaining intergroup relations. However, so far, permeability has been conceptualized in different ways and there exists no validated measure. Integrating different conceptualizations, we developed a scale distinguishing membership permeability (e.g., a person changing from one sport team to another) versus status permeability (e.g., a person acquiring a higher social status)...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903652/salient-multiculturalism-enhances-minority-group-members-feelings-of-power
#16
Jacquie D Vorauer, Matthew S Quesnel
The present research examined how messages advocating different intergroup ideologies affect outcomes relevant to minority group members' ability to exert power in exchanges with dominant group members. We expected that salient multiculturalism would have positive implications for minority group members' feelings of power by virtue of highlighting essential contributions they make to society, and that no such empowering effect would be evident for them in connection with alternative ideologies such as color-blindness or for dominant group members...
February 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901477/simultaneous-multi%C3%A2-gene-mutation-screening-using-snpscan-in-patients-from-ethnic-minorities-with-nonsyndromic-hearing%C3%A2-impairment-in-northwest-china
#17
Shi-Hong Duan, Jian-Li Ma, Xiao-Long Yang, Yu-Fen Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular etiology of nonsyndromic hearing impairment (HI) in hearing impaired populations of Hui, Tibetan, and Tu ethnicities in northwest China. A total of 283 unrelated subjects with HI who attended special education schools in northwest China were enrolled in the present study. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three common deafness‑related genes, gap junction protein β2 (GJB2), solute carrier family 26 member 4 (SLC26A4) and mitochondrially encoded 12S RNA (mtDNA12SrRNA), were detected using a SNPscan technique...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901325/associations-between-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-chemical-concentrations-contributing-to-cumulative-exposures-in-the-united-states
#18
Hongtai Huang, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, Timothy M Barzyk
Association rule mining (ARM) has been widely used to identify associations between various entities in many fields. Although some studies have utilized it to analyze the relationship between chemicals and human health effects, fewer have used this technique to identify and quantify associations between environmental and social stressors. Socio-demographic variables were generated based on U.S. Census tract-level income, race/ethnicity population percentage, education level, and age information from the 2010-2014, 5-Year Summary files in the American Community Survey (ACS) database, and chemical variables were generated by utilizing the 2011 National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) census tract-level air pollutant exposure concentration data...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900779/mental-health-disparities-treatment-engagement-and-attrition-among-racial-ethnic-minorities-with-severe-mental-illness-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Maura, Amy Weisman de Mamani
Mounting evidence indicates that there are mental health disparities in the United States that disadvantage racial/ethnic minorities in medical and mental health settings. Less is known, however, about how these findings apply to a particularly vulnerable population, individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). The aim of this paper is to (1) provide a critical review of the literature on racial/ethnic disparities in mental health care among individuals with SMI; (2) identify factors which may contribute to the observed disparities; and (3) generate recommendations on how best to address these disparities...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898503/using-appreciative-inquiry-methodology-to-develop-a-weight-management-program-for-obese-children-in-new-zealand
#20
Tasileta Teevale, Joseph K Kaholokula
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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