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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651127/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-haplotypes-in-pre-eclampsia-a-case-control-study
#1
REVIEW
Marwa Ben Ali Gannoun, Safa A Al-Madhi, Hedia Zitouni, Nozha Raguema, Sawsen Meddeb, Feten Hachena Ben Ali, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
An association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) gene variants and altered VEGF secretion and preeclampsia (PE) were described, often with inconclusive findings. An ethnic contribution to the association of VEGFA polymorphisms with PE and its associated features was also suggested. To investigate whether common VEGFA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are linked with PE and associated features in Tunisian women. A case-control study involving 300 women with PE, and 300 age-matched control women...
June 23, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#2
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649860/do-racial-ethnic-disparities-exist-in-recommended-migraine-treatments-in-us-ambulatory-care
#3
Larry Charleston Iv, James Francis Burke
Background Racial disparities in migraine have been reported in the US. Migraine in African Americans (AA) is more frequent, more severe, more likely to become chronic and associated with more depression and lower quality of life compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). It is possible that racial differences in prescribing practices contribute to these differences, but little is known about the quality of migraine prescribing patterns in the US or whether racial differences exist. Objective To determine if racial differences in quality of migraine medical prescription care exist...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647544/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-among-state-medicaid-programs-for-breast-cancer-screening
#4
Florence K Tangka, Sujha Subramanian, Lee Rivers Mobley, Sonja Hoover, Jiantong Wang, Ingrid J Hall, Simple D Singh
Breast cancer screening by mammography has been shown to reduce breast cancer morbidity and mortality. The use of mammography screening though varies by race, ethnicity, and, sociodemographic characteristics. Medicaid is an important source of insurance in the US for low-income beneficiaries, who are disproportionately members of racial or ethnic minorities, and who are less likely to be screened than women with higher socioeconomic statuses. We used 2006-2008 data from Medicaid claims and enrollment files to assess racial or ethnic and geographic disparities in the use of breast cancer screening among Medicaid-insured women at the state level...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646798/social-context-matters-ethnicity-discrimination-and-stress-reactivity
#5
David Busse, Ilona S Yim, Belinda Campos
Exposure to chronic discrimination is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The study of biobehavioral pathways linking discrimination with health outcomes has mostly focused on the cardiovascular system, with fewer studies addressing the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In this study we tested associations between Latino ethnicity, experiences of discrimination, and cortisol responses to an acute laboratory stressor. One hundred fifty eight individuals (92 female, 66 male) between the ages of 18 and 29 years participated in the study...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645958/factors-predicting-self-reported-medication-low-adherence-in-a-large-sample-of-adults-in-the-us-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Michael Feehan, Margaux A Morrison, Casey Tak, Donald E Morisky, Margaret M DeAngelis, Mark A Munger
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the level and correlates of self-reported medication low adherence in the US general population. SETTING: A 30 min cross-sectional online survey was conducted with a national sample of adults. PARTICIPANTS: 9202 adults (aged 18+) who had filled at least three or more prescriptions at a community pharmacy in the past 12 months. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported medication adherence was measured with the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643796/benchmarking-cataract-surgery-outcomes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-and-diabetic-population-final-post-operative-visual-acuity-and-rates-of-post-operative-cystoid-macular-oedema
#7
K Oyewole, F Tsogkas, M Westcott, S Patra
PurposeTo determine visual acuity and rates of post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) in an ethnically diverse and predominantly diabetic population.MethodsThe study was undertaken over a one year period. Snellen visual acuity (VA) was measured pre and 4-8 weeks post-operatively and optical coherence topography (OCT) was performed at baseline and post-operatively. No eyes received prophylactic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prior to or after surgery.ResultsOut of 262 eyes, 59% were in the Black, Asian and minority ethnic group (BAME), 57% had a history of diabetes mellitus and 34% had pre-existing diabetic retinopathy...
June 23, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642258/ethnicity-and-long-term-course-and-outcome-of-psychotic-disorders-in-a-uk-sample-the-%C3%A3-sop-10-study
#8
Craig Morgan, Paul Fearon, Julia Lappin, Margaret Heslin, Kim Donoghue, Ben Lomas, Ulrich Reininghaus, Adanna Onyejiaka, Tim Croudace, Peter B Jones, Robin M Murray, Gillian A Doody, Paola Dazzan
BackgroundThe incidence of psychotic disorders is elevated in some minority ethnic populations. However, we know little about the outcome of psychoses in these populations.AimsTo investigate patterns and determinants of long-term course and outcome of psychoses by ethnic group following a first episode.MethodÆSOP-10 is a 10-year follow-up of an ethnically diverse cohort of 532 individuals with first-episode psychosis identified in the UK. Information was collected, at baseline, on clinical presentation and neurodevelopmental and social factors and, at follow-up, on course and outcome...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641130/sexual-orientation-minority-stress-social-norms-and-substance-use-among-racially-diverse-adolescents
#9
Ethan H Mereish, Jeremy T Goldbach, Claire Burgess, Angelo M DiBello
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority adolescents are more likely than their heterosexual peers to use substances. This study tested factors that contribute to sexual orientation disparities in substance use among racially and ethnically diverse adolescents. Specifically, we examined how both minority stress (i.e., homophobic bullying) and social norms (i.e., descriptive and injunctive norms) may account for sexual orientation disparities in recent and lifetime use of four substances: tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and prescription drugs...
June 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641069/the-present-retirement-crisis-and-how-social-workers-can-respond
#10
David B Miller, M Terry Hokenstad, Kristen Berg
In recent years, research on Americans' retirement readiness indicates a wide range of preparedness for the golden years. Struggling to recover from the economic downturn of the Great Recession, millions of Americans maintain inadequate savings needed to maintain their post-employment standard of living. Described as a "crisis" by researchers, retirement for some Americans may include significant choices regarding continued employment and utilization of social welfare services. This paper describes the factors contributing to the present retirement crisis and what roles social workers can play in addressing the needs of older retirees...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640681/crowdsourced-health-data-comparability-to-a-us-national-survey-2013-2015
#11
Veronica Yank, Sanjhavi Agarwal, Pooja Loftus, Steven Asch, David Rehkopf
OBJECTIVES: To determine the generalizability of crowdsourced, electronic health data from self-selected individuals using a national survey as a reference. METHODS: Using the world's largest crowdsourcing platform in 2015, we collected data on characteristics known to influence cardiovascular disease risk and identified comparable data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We used age-stratified logistic regression models to identify differences among groups...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640674/racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-perspectives-on-proposed-medicaid-reforms-effects-on-dental-care-access
#12
Mary E Northridge, Ivette Estrada, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Carol Kunzel
To examine how proposed Medicaid reform plans are experienced by racial/ethnic minority older adults and what the implications are for their ability to access dental care through Medicaid, from 2013 to 2015 we conducted focus groups in northern Manhattan, New York, New York, among African American, Dominican, and Puerto Rican adults aged 50 years and older. Participants reported problems with affording copayments for care, complicated health and social issues, the need for vision and dental care close to home, and confusion about and stigmatization with Medicaid coverage...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639795/-you-re-one-of-us-black-americans-use-of-hypodescent-and-its-association-with-egalitarianism
#13
Arnold K Ho, Nour S Kteily, Jacqueline M Chen
Research on multiracial categorization has focused on majority group social perceivers (i.e., White Americans), demonstrating that they (a) typically categorize Black-White multiracials according to a rule of hypodescent, associating them more with their lower status parent group than their higher status parent group, and (b) do so at least in part to preserve the hierarchical status quo. The current work examines whether members of an ethnic minority group, Black Americans, also associate Black-White multiracials more with their minority versus majority parent group and if so, why...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639311/increasing-the-pipeline-and-diversity-of-doctorally-prepared-nurses-description-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-health-disparities-summer-research-program
#14
John P Salerno, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, Mary Hooshmand
Despite calls to increase the number and diversity of doctorally prepared nurses, recent data indicate a severe shortage of PhD-prepared nurses, especially those of racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. This is concerning, given that evidence indicates that racial/ethnic minority PhD-prepared nurses are well-positioned to address health disparities, by attending to the needs/concerns of medically underrepresented groups. The purpose of this article is to describe and provide a preliminary evaluation of a summer research program for minority nursing students...
June 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639238/multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-americans-genetic-aspects
#15
REVIEW
Victor M Rivera
Latin Americans (LA) are a heterogeneous, multiethnic group of individuals who inhabit the continental countries in Latin America (LATAM), Caribbean islands and constitute the largest ethnic minority in the USA. Commonly used terminology and ethno racial classifications to define these groups may not be accurate. Risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) among LA is generally low to medium but frequencies are increasing in the American hemisphere. Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in LA show diverse variants and genetic proportions among Mestizos, the most representative ethnic population, who themselves are the product of centuries of interracial mixing between Native Americans (or Amerindians), White Caucasian Europeans, and Black Africans...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638605/effect-of-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-on-vascular-access-provision-and-performance-in-an-urban-nhs-hospital
#16
Teun Wilmink, Anika Wijewardane, Kathryn Lee, Alexander Murley, Lee Hollingworth, Sarah Powers, Jyoti Baharani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ethnicity, socioeconomic group (SEG) and comorbidities on provision of vascular access for haemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of two databases of HD sessions and access operations from 2003-11. Access modality of first HD session and details of transplanted patients were derived from the renal database. Follow-up was until 1 January 2015. Primary failure (PF) was defined as an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) used for fewer than six consecutive dialysis sessions...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638604/impact-of-poverty-and-race-on-pre-end-stage-renal-disease-care-among-dialysis-patients-in-the-united-states
#17
Robert Nee, Christina M Yuan, Frank P Hurst, Rahul M Jindal, Lawrence Y Agodoa, Kevin C Abbott
BACKGROUND: Access to nephrology care prior to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is significantly associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the association of area-level and individual-level indicators of poverty and race/ethnicity on pre-ESRD care provided by nephrologists. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study using the US Renal Data System database, we identified 739 537 patients initiated on maintenance dialysis from 1 January 2007 through 31 December 2012...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#18
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#19
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634162/linking-the-content-to-demographic-reach-of-online-advertising-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#20
David S Timberlake, Dmitriy Nikitin, Jennifer Garcia-Cano, Samantha Cino, Margarita Savkina, Cornelia Pechmann
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have separately examined the content and demographic reach of the advertising of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). No study to our knowledge has linked the two in investigating whether racial/ethnic groups are differentially exposed to the comparative messages conveyed in online ENDS advertisements. METHODS: 932 unique ENDS advertisements (6311 total), which were posted on 3435 websites between December, 2009 and October, 2015, were categorized as either comparative or non-comparative with respect to the traditional cigarette...
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
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