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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911320/ethnic-variations-in-prognosis-of-patients-with-dementia-a-prospective-nationwide-registry-linkage-study-in-the-netherlands
#1
Charles Agyemang, Irene E van de Vorst, Huiberdina L Koek, Michiel L Bots, Azizi Sexas, Marie Norredam, Umar Ikram, Karien Stronks, Ilonca Vaartjes
BACKGROUND: Data on dementia prognosis among ethnic minority groups are limited in Europe. OBJECTIVE: We assessed differences in short-term (1-year) and long-term (3-year) mortality and readmission risk after a first hospitalization or first ever referral to a day clinic for dementia between ethnic minority groups and the ethnic Dutch population in the NetherlandsMethods: Nationwide prospective cohorts of first hospitalized dementia patients (N = 55,827) from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2010 were constructed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#2
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905237/combating-racism-in-the-nhs
#3
Erin Dean
Essential facts Black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses working in health are still treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904992/the-relationship-between-race-patient-activation-and-working-alliance-implications-for-patient-engagement-in-mental-health-care
#4
Johanne Eliacin, Jessica M Coffing, Marianne S Matthias, Diana J Burgess, Matthew J Bair, Angela L Rollins
This study explored the relationship between race and two key aspects of patient engagement-patient activation and working alliance-among a sample of African-American and White veterans (N = 152) seeking medication management for mental health conditions. After adjusting for demographics, race was significantly associated with patient activation, working alliance, and medication adherence scores. Patient activation was also associated with working alliance. These results provide support for the consideration of race and ethnicity in facilitating patient engagement and patient activation in mental healthcare...
December 1, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904229/exploring-ethnic-inequalities-in-admission-to-russell-group-universities
#5
Vikki Boliver
This article analyses national university applications and admissions data to explore why ethnic minority applicants to Russell Group universities are less likely to receive offers of admission than comparably qualified white applicants. Contrary to received opinion, the greater tendency of ethnic minorities to choose highly numerically competitive degree subjects only partially accounts for their lower offer rates from Russell Group universities relative to white applicants with the same grades and 'facilitating subjects' at A-level...
April 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903954/gender-policing-during-childhood-and-the-psychological-well-being-of-young-adult-sexual-minority-men-in-the-united-states
#6
José A Bauermeister, Daniel Connochie, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Steven Meanley
Hegemonic masculinities (i.e., sets of socially accepted masculine behaviors and beliefs within a given time and culture) may affect the well-being of sexual minority men, yet quantitative relationships between these masculinities and well-being remain largely unexplored. Using data from a national cross-sectional survey of young sexual minority men (N = 1,484; ages 18-24 years), the current study examined the relationship between parental gender policing during childhood and adolescence and subsequent substance use and psychological distress...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902132/tackling-racism-in-the-nhs
#7
Erin Dean
Essential facts Trade union Unite has developed a policy briefing on a new toolkit to combat racism in the NHS. It can help nurses and other staff tackle racial discrimination in health, with black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses often treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900640/statistical-effects-of-religious-participation-and-marriage-on-substance-use-and-abuse-in-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#8
Kristine Ria Hearld, Amy Badham, Henna Budhwani
Substance use and abuse, which includes alcohol use, alcohol dependence, drug use, and drug dependence, inflicts a substantial toll on Americans. Although studies have demonstrated the protective effect of social support, such as religious participation and via marriage, understanding their influence on racial and ethnic minorities is limited. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the impact of social support on substance use and abuse in racial and ethnic minorities. The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, a repository of race, ethnicity, and mental health data, was leveraged to develop four models using multivariate analysis, specifically logistic regression to estimate the probability of meeting the criteria for substance use and abuse...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899479/a-formative-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-minority-ethnic-populations-in-england
#9
E Such, S Salway, R Copeland, S Haake, S Domone, S Mann
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are lower among some UK Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups than the majority White British population and a variety of tailored interventions have emerged. This study documents the characteristics and logic of local adaptations, a vital first step in evaluating such innovations. METHODS: An English PA data set was examined to identify and characterize PA programmes focussed on BME populations. Three case studies were conducted, employing documentary analysis and qualitative interviews...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899076/the-kaiser-permanente-northern-california-research-program-on-genes-environment-and-health-rpgeh-pregnancy-cohort-study-design-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics
#10
M M Hedderson, A Ferrara, L A Avalos, S K Van den Eeden, E P Gunderson, D K Li, A Altschuler, S Woo, S Rowell, V Choudhary, F Xu, T Flanagan, C Schaefer, L A Croen
BACKGROUND: Exposures during the prenatal period may have lasting effects on maternal and child health outcomes. To better understand the effects of the in utero environment on children's short- and long-term health, large representative pregnancy cohorts with comprehensive information on a broad range of environmental influences (including biological and behavioral) and the ability to link to prenatal, child and maternal health outcomes are needed. The Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH) pregnancy cohort at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) was established to create a resource for conducting research to better understand factors influencing women's and children's health...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896978/development-and-performance-of-text-mining-algorithms-to-extract-socioeconomic-status-from-de-identified-electronic-health-records
#11
Brittany M Hollister, Nicole A Restrepo, Eric Farber-Eger, Dana C Crawford, Melinda C Aldrich, Amy Non
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a fundamental contributor to health, and a key factor underlying racial disparities in disease. However, SES data are rarely included in genetic studies due in part to the difficultly of collecting these data when studies were not originally designed for that purpose. The emergence of large clinic-based biobanks linked to electronic health records (EHRs) provides research access to large patient populations with longitudinal phenotype data captured in structured fields as billing codes, procedure codes, and prescriptions...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895508/multi-ethnic-differences-in-hba1c-blood-pressure-and-low-density-lipid-cholesterol-control-among-south-africans-living-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-4-year-follow-up
#12
Yacob Pinchevsky, Varada J Shukla, Neil Butkow, Tobias Chirwa, Frederick Raal
PURPOSE: Our study set out to examine if disparities in control of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) existed among an urban multi-ethnic cohort of South Africans, living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study consisted of 261 men and women with previously diagnosed T2DM who attended Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa across two time periods 2009 and 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893228/ethnic-identity-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-ethnic-groups
#13
Jennifer Feitosa, Christina N Lacerenza, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Considering a historically diversified (and growing) population in the United States, one's ethnic identification is often an important psychological-as well as social and political-construct because it can serve as a hindrance to interpersonal interaction. Despite the importance of ethnic identity in psychological research, the most widely developed ethnic identity measurement tool, the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM; Phinney, 1992), lacks consensus regarding its psychometric properties. The purpose of this article is to identify the factor structure of this measure and identify whether it exhibits measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across ethnicities...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892690/ethnic-differences-in-women-s-use-of-mental-health-services-do-social-networks-play-a-role-findings-from-a-national-survey
#14
Dharmi Kapadia, James Nazroo, Mark Tranmer
OBJECTIVES: The reasons for ethnic differences in women's mental health service use in England remain unclear. The aims of this study were to ascertain: ethnic differences in women's usage of mental health services, if social networks are independently associated with service use, and if the association between women's social networks and service use varies between ethnic groups. DESIGN: Logistic regression modelling of nationally representative data from the Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community (EMPIRIC) survey conducted in England...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891059/ethnic-identity-attachment-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-and-exercise-among-rural-overweight-african-american-women
#15
K Bryant Smalley, Jacob C Warren, Sydney McClendon, Wilburn Peacock, Marisol Caro
Rural and minority women are disproportionately impacted by the obesity epidemic; however, little research has studied the intersection of these disparity groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of racial identity on motivation for weight loss and exercise among rural, African-American women with an obesity-linked chronic disease. A total of 154 African-American women were recruited from the patient population of a Federally Qualified Health Center in the rural South to complete a questionnaire battery including the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure and separate assessments of motivation for weight loss and exercise...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890027/a-longitudinal-description-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals-by-race-ethnicity
#16
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Jennifer J Eggerichs, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to compare demographics, employment variables, satisfaction, and motivation for entering the field of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) between members of under-represented races/ethnicities and members of the majority group. METHODS: A cohort of nationally certified EMS professionals was followed for 10 years through annual surveys; however, race/ethnicity was only available for 9 years (2000-2008). Descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and significance was determined by lack of CI overlap...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889863/genetic-association-study-between-rit2-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-a-han-chinese-population
#17
Jun-Ying Li, Jin-Hong Zhang, Nan-Nan Li, Ling Wang, Zhong-Jiao Lu, Lan Cheng, Xiao-Yi Sun, Rong Peng
Recent several meta-analyses and certain case-control studies suggested that the Ras-like without CAAX 2 (RIT2) rs12456492 increased the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) in Asian and Caucasian populations. However, as so far, the association between RIT2 rs12456492 and PD is still controversial. We investigated genetic association of RIT2 rs12456492 with PD susceptibility in a Han Chinese population of 1747 ethnic Han Chinese subjects comprising 884 PD patients and 863 healthy controls. The minor allele frequency (MAF) of G at the RIT2 rs12456492 was not significantly different between the cases and the controls...
November 26, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889594/racial-ethnic-differences-in-30-year-trajectories-of-heavy-drinking-in-a-nationally-representative-u-s-sample
#18
Nina Mulia, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Jason Bond, Edwina Williams, Sarah E Zemore
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related problems in the U.S. It is unknown whether this reflects harmful patterns of lifecourse heavy drinking. Prior research shows little support for the latter but has been limited to young samples. We examine racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories from ages 21 to 51. METHODS: Data on heavy drinking (6+ drinks/occasion) are from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N=9468), collected between 1982 and 2012...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888178/perceived-causes-of-differential-attainment-in-uk-postgraduate-medical-training-a-national-qualitative-study
#19
Katherine Woolf, Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Explore trainee doctors' experiences of postgraduate training and perceptions of fairness in relation to ethnicity and country of primary medical qualification. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus group and interview study. SETTING: Postgraduate training in England (London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent Surrey and Sussex) and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: 137 participants (96 trainees, 41 trainers) were purposively sampled from a framework comprising: doctors from all stages of training in general practice, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, radiology, surgery or foundation, in 4 geographical areas, from white and black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds, who qualified in the UK and abroad...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888035/racial-differences-in-food-allergy-phenotype-and-health-care-utilization-among-us-children
#20
Mahboobeh Mahdavinia, Susan R Fox, Bridget M Smith, Christine James, Erica L Palmisano, Aisha Mohamed, Zeeshan Zahid, Amal H Assa'ad, Mary C Tobin, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) is a prevalent condition in the United States, but little is known about its phenotypes in racial minority groups. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize disease phenotypes and disparities in health care utilization among African American (AA), Hispanic, and white children with FA. METHODS: We conducted a large, 2-center, retrospective cohort study of children aged 0-17 years with FA seen in allergy/immunology clinics at 2 urban tertiary care centers in the United States...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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