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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330856/reproductive-history-breast-feeding-and-risk-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-the-breast-cancer-etiology-in-minorities-bem-study
#1
Esther M John, Lisa M Hines, Amanda I Phipps, Jocelyn Koo, Teri A Longacre, Sue A Ingles, Kathy B Baumgartner, Martha L Slattery, Anna H Wu
Few risk factors have been identified for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) which lacks expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). This more aggressive subtype disproportionately affects some racial/ethnic minorities and is associated with lower survival. We pooled data from three population-based studies (558 TNBC and 5,111 controls) and examined associations of TNBC risk with reproductive history and breast-feeding. We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable logistic regression...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329507/differences-in-salaries-of-physician-assistants-in-the-usa-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex
#2
Darron Smith, Cardell Jacobson
Objectives Data from the Academy of American Physician Assistants have suggested there are no differences in salaries by race and ethnic group. Our objective was to compare salaries of physician assistants for different racial and ethnic groups and sexes using another data source. Methods Data from the American Community Surveys (2010-2012) to examine pay differentials of physician assistants. Ordinary least squares regression analysis to compare the salaries of males and females, and those of racial and ethnic groups...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329156/impact-of-integrated-health-care-delivery-on-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Jonathan I Chang, Brian Z Huang, Bechien U Wu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether disparities in pancreatic cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survival are reduced in an integrated health system. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study (2006-2014) among patients with pancreatic cancer from Kaiser Permanente Southern California. Racial ethnic groups included non-Hispanic whites (NHW), non-Hispanic blacks (NHB), Hispanics, and Asians. We used multivariable and Cox regression analyses to evaluate disparities in diagnosis and treatment utilization (oncology care, surgery, time to surgery, chemotherapy) and overall survival, respectively...
January 12, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328019/amygdala-reactivity-in-ethnic-minorities-and-its-relationship-to-the-social-environment-an-fmri-study
#4
Robert McCutcheon, Michael A P Bloomfield, Tarik Dahoun, Marina Quinlan, Sylvia Terbeck, Mitul Mehta, Oliver Howes
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority individuals have an increased risk of developing a psychotic disorder, particularly if they live in areas of ethnic segregation, or low own group ethnic density. The neurobiological mechanisms underlying this ethnic minority associated risk are unknown. We used functional MRI to investigate neural responses to faces of different ethnicity, in individuals of black ethnicity, and a control group of white British ethnicity individuals. METHODS: In total 20 individuals of black ethnicity, and 22 individuals of white British ethnicity underwent a 3T MRI scan while viewing faces of black and white ethnicity...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327409/cultural-aspects-of-pain-a-study-of-indian-asian-women-in-the-uk
#5
Stephanie Holt, Jackie Waterfield
OBJECTIVES: Culture and ethnicity are acknowledged as important factors in the context of the biopsychosocial model. They may contribute to explaining the experience of pain, therapeutic encounters within healthcare, and the strategies that individuals use to cope with pain. The present study explored these issues in a sample of Indian Asian women in the UK. METHODS: Based on a phenomenological approach, 17 women participated in five semi-structured group interviews...
January 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326095/development-of-a-maternal-newborn-and-child-mhealth-intervention-in-thai-nguyen-province-vietnam-protocol-for-the-mmom-project
#6
Bronwyn McBride, Liem Thanh Nguyen, David Wiljer, Nguyen C Vu, Cuong K Nguyen, John O'Neil
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority women (EMW) living in mountainous areas of northern Vietnam have disproportionately high infant and maternal mortality rates as a result of low maternal health knowledge, poverty, and remoteness from low-capacity health centers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the protocol for the development and evaluation of the mMom intervention, which is an integrated mobile health (mHealth) system designed to improve maternal and infant health knowledge, and behavior among women in remote areas of Thai Nguyen, Vietnam...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325736/differential-association-of-dennd1agenetic-variants-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-tunisian-but-not-bahraini-arab-women
#7
Meriem Dallel, Sameh Sarray, Zeineb Douma, Feten Hachani, Abrar K Al-Ansari, Dhafer B Letaifa, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder, and results from interaction between modifiable and non-modifiable factors, including genetic predisposition. Previous genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis identified DENND1A as PCOS susceptibility locus in some, but not all populations. We investigated whether the association of DENND1A gene variants with PCOS was similar between Tunisian and Bahraini Arab women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was retrospective case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324252/the-genetic-diversity-and-applicability-assessment-of-autosomal-strs-among-chinese-populations-by-a-novel-fixation-index-and-nei-s-index
#8
Caiyong Yin, Chuwei Deng, Xiaoqin Qian, Huijie Huang, Yanfang Yu, Li Hu, Peng Chen, Feng Chen
The population-specific FST in STR loci of Chinese populations has not been focused on. Here, we genotyped 19 STRs in 530 unrelated healthy individuals of Xuzhou Han population, and collected data of 30,308 samples from 32 Hans and 50 minorities nationwide. The population-specific βi and locus-specific βil were calculated to evaluate the applicable value of STRs. Next, we generated the genetic structure of various ethnic populations by Neighbor-Joining tree and Multidimensional Scaling plot based on pairwise Nei's distances...
January 3, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323534/healthy-foods-prepared-at-home-diet-and-support-as-protective-strategies-during-pregnancy-for-hispanic-women
#9
Allison L Hopkins, Michelle Yeoman, Cheryl Ritenbaugh
Birth outcomes tend to be better among Hispanics than among other ethnic groups, even when matched for poverty and education, and foreign-born Latinas compared to their US-born counterparts. These patterns suggest that sociocultural factors exhibited by recent immigrants have the potential to protect birth outcomes against the instability of minority and low socioeconomic status. To discover potential sociocultural factors, a pilot qualitative study was carried out in Tucson, Arizona, with 18 Hispanic mothers...
January 11, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322643/disparities-in-cancer-outcomes-across-age-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Ryan Nipp, Angela C Tramontano, Chung Yin Kong, Pari Pandharipande, Emily C Dowling, Deborah Schrag, Chin Hur
Age, sex, and racial/ethnic disparities exist, but are understudied in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database to determine whether survival and treatment disparities persist after adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics. Our study included PDAC patients diagnosed between 1992 and 2011. We used Cox regression to compare survival across age, sex, and race/ethnicity within early-stage and late-stage cancer subgroups, adjusting for marital status, urban location, socioeconomics, SEER region, comorbidities, stage, lymph node status, tumor location, tumor grade, diagnosis year, and treatment received...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321008/effects-of-a-culturally-specific-tobacco-cessation-intervention-among-african-american-quitline-enrollees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Monica Webb Hooper, Kelly Carpenter, Michael Payne, Ken Resnicow
BACKGROUND: African Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illness and have more difficulty quitting smoking than other racial/ethnic groups. Previous research indicates that African American treatment-seekers are high utilizers of tobacco quitlines, yet cessation rates via quitlines are lower relative to whites. The goal of the present study is to test the effectiveness of adding a culturally specific, video-based, adjunct to standard quitline care. It is hypothesized that the integration of an evidence-based intervention (Pathways to Freedom: Leading the Way to a Smoke-Free Community©; PTF) into quitline services will increase cessation and treatment engagement compared to control conditions, and that effects will be moderated by sociocultural factors (e...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318743/associations-between-lifestyle-factors-and-smoking-status-during-pregnancy-in-a-group-of-romanian-women
#12
S Voidazan, M Tarcea, Z Abram, M Georgescu, C Marginean, O Grama, F Buicu, F Ruţa
BACKGROUND: There is an estimated birth rate of 9.27 births/1,000 population in Romania each year, with approximately 8.4% born with low birth weight (LBW). Our purpose was to evaluate the relationships between maternal smoking and LBW and preterm birth in Mureș County, Romania. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,278 mothers who had given birth in Mureș County obstetrical wards in 2015, based on a lifestyle questionnaire of 109 items and personal and laboratory data from hospitals records...
January 10, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317223/cluster-analysis-of-vulnerable-groups-in-acute-tbi-rehabilitation
#13
Erkut N Kucukboyaci, Coralynn Long, Michelle Smith, Joseph F Rath, Tamara Bushnik
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complex relationship between various social indicators that contribute to socioeconomic status and healthcare barriers. DESIGN: Cluster analysis of historical patient data obtained from inpatient visits. SETTING: Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation unit in a large, urban university hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients receiving acute inpatient care, predominantly for closed head injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We examined the membership of TBI patients in various "vulnerable group" (VG) clusters (e...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316863/reimagining-publics-and-non-participation-exploring-exclusion-from-science-communication-through-the-experiences-of-low-income-minority-ethnic-groups
#14
Emily Dawson
This article explores science communication from the perspective of those most at risk of exclusion, drawing on ethnographic fieldwork. I conducted five focus groups and 32 interviews with participants from low-income, minority ethnic backgrounds. Using theories of social reproduction and social justice, I argue that participation in science communication is marked by structural inequalities (particularly ethnicity and class) in two ways. First, participants' involvement in science communication practices was narrow (limited to science media consumption)...
January 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315535/chinese-and-south-asian-ethnicity-immigration-status-and-clinical-cancer-outcomes-in-the-ontario-cancer-system
#15
James K R Stevenson, Matthew C Cheung, Craig C Earle, Hadas D Fischer, Ximena Camacho, Refik Saskin, Baiju R Shah, Peter C Austin, Simron Singh
BACKGROUND: In the United States, certain minority groups have been shown to have inferior cancer outcomes compared with the white majority population. However, to the authors' knowledge, the majority of research has not separated ethnicity from immigration status. The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of ethnicity, independent of immigration status, on cancer outcomes in Chinese and South Asian populations in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The authors conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative databases in Ontario, Canada...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314188/-seniors-only-want-respect-designing-an-oral-health-program-for-older-adults
#16
Ivette Estrada, Carol Kunzel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Mary E Northridge
AIM: Persistent socioeconomic disparities in the oral disease burden contribute to pain and suffering among vulnerable and underserved populations who face systemic barriers to access oral health care, including older adults living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to gain the views of racial/ethnic minority older adults regarding what they believe would support them and their peers in visiting the dentist regularly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Focus groups were conducted and digitally audio-recorded from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority women and men aged 50 years and older living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health for older adults...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313226/racial-ethnic-and-gender-equity-in-veteran-satisfaction-with-health-care-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#17
Susan L Zickmund, Kelly H Burkitt, Shasha Gao, Roslyn A Stone, Audrey L Jones, Leslie R M Hausmann, Galen E Switzer, Sonya Borrero, Keri L Rodriguez, Michael J Fine
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is an important dimension of health care quality. The Veterans Health Administration (VA) is committed to providing high-quality care to an increasingly diverse patient population. OBJECTIVE: To assess Veteran satisfaction with VA health care by race/ethnicity and gender. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted semi-structured telephone interviews with gender-specific stratified samples of black, white, and Hispanic Veterans from 25 predominantly minority-serving VA Medical Centers from June 2013 to January 2015...
January 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310973/which-girls-which-boys-the-intersectional-risk-for-depression-by-race-and-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-u-s
#18
REVIEW
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307388/effect-of-hpv-vaccination-and-cervical-cancer-screening-in-england-by-ethnicity-a-modelling-study
#19
Helen C Johnson, Erin I Lafferty, Rosalind M Eggo, Karly Louie, Kate Soldan, Jo Waller, W John Edmunds
BACKGROUND: Health equality is increasingly being considered alongside overall health gain when assessing public health interventions. However, the trade-off between the direct effects of vaccination and herd immunity could lead to unintuitive consequences for the distribution of disease burden within a population. We used a transmission dynamic model of human papillomavirus (HPV) to investigate the effect of ethnic disparities in vaccine and cervical screening uptake on inequality in disease incidence in England...
January 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306990/peer-support-and-the-hiv-continuum-of-care-results-from-a-multi-site-randomized-clinical-trial-in-three-urban-clinics-in-the-united-states
#20
Howard J Cabral, Kendra Davis-Plourde, Mariana Sarango, Jane Fox, Joseph Palmisano, Serena Rajabiun
Racial/ethnic minorities living with HIV and behavioral health co-morbidities are more likely to be disengaged from HIV primary care. Peer programs have been effective in HIV outreach and prevention but effectiveness of such programs for retention in care and viral suppression is understudied. Subjects (n = 348) were randomized in equal allocation to a peer navigation and education intervention versus standard clinical care at three urban clinics in the United States. The intervention group received seven structured interventions plus weekly contact to address medical and social needs...
January 6, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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